On this Day in History ... 11 December

11 Dec is in December.

1282 Battle of Orewin Bridge

1290 Eleanor Crosses

1474 Death of King Henry IV of Castile

1620 Mayflower lands at Plymouth Rock

1666 Poll Bill

1936 Abdication of Edward VIII

Battle of Orewin Bridge

On 11 Dec 1282 an English force including John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield (age 50), Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn Mathrafal Prince Powys Wenwynwyn (age 71) and Owen de la Pole Mathrafal 1st Lord Powis (age 25) defeated a Welsh force at Builth Wells [Map] during the Battle of Orewin Bridge. The Welsh leader Llewellyn "Last" Aberffraw (age 49) was killed effectively bringing to an end the independence of Wales.

Eleanor Crosses

On 11 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (deceased) body rested at Dunstable Priory [Map].

On 11 Dec 1357 Thomas Bardolf 2nd Baron Bardolf (age 75) died. His son John Bardolf 3rd Baron Bardolf (age 43) succeeded 3rd Baron Bardolf of Wormegay in Norfolk.

Death of King Henry IV of Castile

On 11 Dec 1474 Henry IV King Castile (age 49) died. His sister Isabella Queen Castile (age 23) succeeded Queen Castile.

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On 11 Dec 1490 Joan Fauconberg Countess Kent (age 84) died. Baron Fauconberg abeyant between her daughters and their descendants.

On 11 Dec 1523 Landgrave Philip I of Hesse (age 19) and Christine of Saxony (age 17) were married. He the son of William II Landgrave of Hesse. They were third cousins.

Mayflower lands at Plymouth Rock

On 11 Dec 1620 the Maylower landed at Plymouth Rock Massachusetts and went to found Plymouth Colony. The first documented reference to the landing at Plyouth Rock was in 1741.

PAINTINGS/MIJTENS/William_Cavendish.jpgBefore 11 Dec 1643 Daniel Mijtens (age 53). Portrait of Lionel Cranfield 1st Earl Middlesex (age 68).

PAINTINGS/MIJTENS/Lionel_Cranfield2.jpgBefore 11 Dec 1643 Daniel Mijtens (age 53). Portrait of Henry Clifford 5th Earl of Cumberland (age 52).

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On 11 Dec 1661 Roger Palmer 1st Earl Castlemaine (age 27) was created 1st Earl Castlemaine, 1st Baron Limerick by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31) to Roger Palmer 1st Earl Castlemaine (age 27) in gratitude for allowing his wife Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland (age 21) to become the King's mistress. Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland (age 21) by marriage Countess Castlemaine.

Poll Bill

Pepy's Diary. 11 Dec 1666. Thence, having promised to write every month to her, we home, and I to my office, while my wife to get things together for supper. Dispatching my business at the office. Anon come our guests, old Mr. Batelier, and his son and daughter, Mercer, which was all our company. We had a good venison pasty and other good cheer, and as merry as in so good, innocent, and understanding company I could be. He is much troubled that wines, laden by him in France before the late proclamation was out, cannot now be brought into England, which is so much to his and other merchants' loss. We sat long at supper and then to talk, and so late parted and so to bed. This day the Poll Bill was to be passed, and great endeavours used to take away the Proviso.

On 11 Dec 1683 Thomas Howard 8th Duke of Norfolk was born to Thomas Howard (age 26) and Mary Elizabeth Savile (age 20).NOTEXT

On 11 Dec 1683 George Lane 1st Viscount Lanesborough (age 63) died. His son James Lane 2nd Viscount Lanesborough (age 34) succeeded 2nd Viscount Lanesborough.

On 11 Dec 1686 Louis "Le Grand Condé" Bourbon Condé II Prince Condé (age 65) died. His son Henri Jules Bourbon Condé Prince Condé (age 43) succeeded Prince Condé.

On 11 Dec 1718 Charles XII King of Sweden (age 36) was killed whilst in the trenches around Fredriksten which he was besieging. He was struck in the head by a projectile and killed. The shot struck the left side of his skull and exited from the right. It isn't clear who fired the shot. His sister Ulrika Eleonora Palatinate Zweibrücken Queen Consort Sweden (age 30) succeeded Queen Sweden. She effectively usurped her nephew Charles Frederick Duke of Holstein Gottorp (age 18) whose parents were both dead.


On 11 Dec 1718 John Germain 1st Baronet (age 68) died. Baronet Germain of Westminster extinct. His wife survived him until 1769 when she left his and her etates to George Sackville aka Germain 1st Viscount Sackville (age 2) who adopted the surname Germain.


On 11 Dec 1739 Francis Stuart 7th Earl Moray (age 56) died. His son James Stuart 8th Earl Moray (age 31) succeeded 8th Earl Moray 5C 1562.

On 11 Dec 1743 Frederick V King Denmark and Norway (age 20) and Louise Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway (age 18) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Denmark and Norway. She the daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland (age 60) and Caroline Hohenzollern Queen Consort England. He the son of Christian VI King Denmark and Norway (age 44). They were third cousin once removed.


On 11 Dec 1752 Robert Jocelyn 1st Earl Roden (age 21) and Anne Hamilton Countess Roden (age 22) were married. She the daughter of James Hamilton 1st Earl Clanbrassil (age 58) and Harriet Bentinck Countess Clanbrassil (age 47).


On 11 Dec 1786 Thomas Villiers 1st Earl Clarendon (age 77) died. His son Thomas Villiers 2nd Earl Clarendon (age 32) succeeded 2nd Earl Clarendon 2C 1776.

On 11 Dec 1799 Bishop George Spencer was born to William Robert Spencer (age 30) and Susan Jenison. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 11 Dec 1813 George Gordon 5th Duke Gordon (age 43) and Elizabeth Brodie Duchess Gordon (age 19) were married. She brought £100,000 to the marriage and inherited more then £100,000 when her father died. The difference in their ages was 24 years. He the son of Alexander Gordon 4th Duke Gordon (age 70).

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On 11 Dec 1814 Susan Gordon Countess of Westmoreland (age 62) died. Memorial in the Church of St Leonard, Apethorpe [Map].

Susan Gordon Countess of Westmoreland: In 1752 she was born to Cosmo George Gordon 3rd Duke Gordon (age 31) and Catherine Gordon Duchess Gordon (age 34). On 28 May 1767 John Fane 9th Earl of Westmoreland (age 39) and Susan Gordon Countess of Westmoreland (age 15) were married. The difference in their ages was 23 years. She the daughter of Cosmo George Gordon 3rd Duke Gordon and Catherine Gordon Duchess Gordon (age 49). He the son of Thomas Fane 8th Earl of Westmoreland (age 66) and Elizabeth Swymmer Countess Westmoreland.

On 11 Dec 1861 Gerald Arthur Arundell 15th Baron Arundel was born to Theodore Arundell and Louise Hussey.

On 11 Dec 1899 Augustus Paulet 15th Marquess of Winchester (age 41) was killed in action at Magersfontein, South Africa in a battle where the defending Boer force defeated the advancing British forces. His brother Henry Paulet 16th Marquess of Winchester (age 37) succeeded 16th Marquess Winchester, 16th Earl Wiltshire, 16th Baron St John 1C 1539.

On 11 Dec 1900 Henry Ryder 4th Earl of Harrowby (age 64) died at sea on his yacht Miranda at Algiers. His son John Ryder 5th Earl of Harrowby (age 36) succeeded 5th Earl of Harrowby.

Abdication of Edward VIII

On 11 Dec 1936 King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (age 42) abdicated VIII King United Kingdom. King George VI of the United Kingdom (age 40) succeeded VI King United Kingdom. Duke York 7C 1920 merged with the Crown.


On 11 Dec 1947 George Lane-Fox 1st Baron Bingley (age 76) died.