On this Day in History ... 12 August

12 Aug is in August.

1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor

1399 Abdication of Richard II

1469 Execution of the Woodvilles

1613 Thomas Overbury Murder and Trial of his Murderers

1665 Great Plague of London

On 12 Aug 651 Bishop Aidan of Lindisfarne died.

On 12 Aug 792 Archbishop Jænberht died.

On 12 Aug 1295 Charles Martel King Hungary (age 23) died at Naples. He was buried at Naples Cathedral.

On 12 Aug 1315 Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick (age 43) died. He was buried at Bordesley Abbey [Map]. His son Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick (age 2) succeeded 11th Earl Warwick 1C 1088. Given his young age Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick (age 2) became a ward of King Edward II of England (age 31) until 1326.

On 12 Aug 1319 Rudolf Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria (age 44) died.

Battle of Dupplin Moor

On 12 Aug 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor was fought between the supporters of the infant King David II of Scotland (age 8), son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland, and the supporters of Edward Balliol I King Scotland (age 49), supported by the English. The Bruce army included Robert Bruce Lord of Liddesdale and Domhnall Mar II Earl Mar (age 39). The Balliol army included David III Strathbogie 11th Earl Atholl (age 23), Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford (age 30), Thomas Ughtred 1st Baron Ughtred (age 40) and Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny (age 22). The battle is notable for being the first to use dismounted men-at-arms supported by archers; a formation that would bring repeated success to the English both in Scotland and France.

Robert Bruce Lord of Liddesdale was killed leading a charge.

Nicholas Hay (age 47) was killed.

Thomas Randolph 2nd Earl Moray was killed. His brother John Randolph 3rd Earl Moray (age 26) succeeded 3rd Earl Moray.

After 12 Aug 1332 Edward Balliol I King Scotland (age 49) stayed at Brougham Castle [Map].

After 12 Aug 1332 Edward Balliol I King Scotland (age 49) stayed at Appleby Castle [Map].

After 12 Aug 1332 Edward Balliol I King Scotland (age 49) stayed at Brough Castle [Map].

After 12 Aug 1332 Edward Balliol I King Scotland (age 49) stayed at Pendragon Castle Outhgill.

Abdication of Richard II

On 12 Aug 1399 King Richard II of England (age 32) negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 57) at Conwy Castle [Map].


PAINTINGS/CRETON/Henry_Percy.jpgAround 1401. Jean Creton Chronicler. The Capture and Death of King Richard. King Richard II of England, standing in black and red, negotiating Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland (age 59) at Conwy Castle [Map].

On 12 Aug 1416 Antoine Count of Vaudémont (age 16) and Marie Countess of Harcourt (age 17) were married. He the son of Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont.

Execution of the Woodvilles

On 12 Aug 1469 Woodvilles father and son were beheaded at Kenilworth Castle [Map] by supporters of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 40).

Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 64) was beheaded. His son Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers (age 29) succeeded 2nd Earl Rivers 1C 1466. Elizabeth Scales Countess Rivers by marriage Countess Rivers.

John Woodville (age 24) was beheaded.

On 12 Aug 1503 Christian III King Denmark was born to King Frederick I of Denmark (age 31) and Anna of Brandenburg (age 15).

On 12 Aug 1515 Isabella of Austria Queen Consort Denmark and Norway (age 14) was crowned Queen Consort Denmark.

Before 12 Aug 1560 Dean William May died. He had been elected Archbishop of York the same day.

On 12 Aug 1566 Edmund Brudenell (age 45) received Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 32) at Deene Park [Map].

PAINTINGS/UNKNOWN/Edmund_Brudenell.jpg PAINTINGS/SCROTS/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/MEULEN/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/EWORTH/Elizabeth_I_Hans_Eworth.jpg PAINTINGS/HILLIARD/Queen_Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/HILLIARD/Phoenix.jpg PAINTINGS/GOWER/George_Gower_Elizabeth_Sieve_Portrait.jpg PAINTINGS/SEGAR/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/UNKNOWN/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/GHEERAERTS_YOUNGER/Queen_Elizabeth_I_The_Ditchley_portrait_Marcus_Gheeraerts_the_Younger.jpg

Thomas Overbury Murder and Trial of his Murderers

Letters of the Court of James I 1613 Reverend Thomas Lorkin to Sir Thomas Puckering Baronet 12 Aug 1613. 12 Aug 1613. London. Reverend Thomas Lorkin to Thomas Puckering 1st Baronet (age 21).

First, touching the business which you so particularly commended unto me at our last being together at Florence, I have had hitherto very small opportunity of dealing farther in it than pressing Mr. Newton (age 33) for his advice and furtherance. For in this general absence of the court, when king, queen, and prince are all in several progresses, little or no means hath been yet offered. Sir Robert Cary (age 53)1, as your brother telleth me, is the fittest man to be dealt with in that kind, to whom I shall most willingly likewise address myself, as having best means to him. Only I attend some further directions from Mr. Newton (age 33) both for the nature of the place I should sue for, and how I should govern myself in my offers for the accomplishment of it.

For news, that which is of chiefest moment is this. There hath lately happened in the Palatine's court a strange quarrel between the English and Scots, and that in this manner and upon this occasion. Sir Andrew Keigh, a Scotsman, that is in some office about the Palatine, happening one day to contest with my Lady Harrington (age 59)2 upon some point in her grace's presence, [he proceeded] to that insolency at the length, as he gave her the lie; and not content therewith (to verify that of the orator, "qui vere cundiæ fines semel transierit, eum benè et gnavitèr oportet esse impudentem," [Note. she who truly has once crossed the bounds of grace must be shameless]) fell to debase my lord (age 73) likewise with very base and opprobrious speeches. Mr. Bushell, who, as I understand, was the only man of all my lord's followers that was then present, finding Keigh not long after in a fit place for that purpose, offered him the combat in defence of his lord's (age 73) and lady's (age 59) honour; and as both were ready to draw, another Scotsman, who was in Keigh's company, interposed himself, and suffered not them to proceed then any farther. Being thus parted, my Lord Harrington (age 73) sent for Mr. Bushell to his chamber (whether to wish him to be quiet, or for what other occasion I know not). In the mean time, this Keigh [at the] head of four or five Scotsmen more, himself being provided, besides his sword, with a square bastinado and a dagger, the rest with the [sword] only, lies in wait to set apon Mr. Bashell at his return: [who, as he was] coming from my lord, and not dreaming of any such enterprise, and going to put his foot in his stirrup to mount up upon his horse, (for my lord's [lodging and his] were far asunder), lo! Keigh steps forth, striking him, [and with the] bastinado fells him: yet presently he recovered himself, and, offering to rise, received a second blow upon the head, and was felled a second time. Notwithstanding all this, he recovered himself again, and drew out his sword in his own defence, being all idone; when all the rest laid about him with their swords, and, being five to one, wounded him very grievously, as having run him through the body, and into divers parts no less than twelve times. During this conflict, Mr. Gray, another of my lord's gentlemen, coming forth, received a thrust in the hand, but not without leaving some of the marks likewise upon them. After that came her grace's coachman, and took part with Mr. Gray (for Mr. Bushell was now left for dead) and hurt two or three of the Scots; who, not daring to abide to fight any longer, partly for fear of others that might come in, and partly for that they supposed their chief enemy either dead or not likely to live, presently quitted the place, and betook themselves to flight. But there was suddenly way made after them, and they all brought back again. Sir Andrew Keigh was confined to his chamber under a sure guard, the rest committed to the ordinary prison; and a messenger presently despatched over into England to understand his majesty's pleasure touching this subject; who has scarcely as yet received the news thereof. Mr. Bushell nevertheless is yet living, and not without hope of recovery. My Lord (age 73) and Lady Harrington (age 59) purpose to return for England this month, and to bring him along with them, (which they may well do by water) if they find him any way able to endure it.

Upon their arrival. Sir John Harrington (age 21)3 purposeth to go and take possession of his government in Guernsey [Map], which he hath lately obtained by an exchange which he hath made between it and a reversion of an office formerly granted him of being master in the King's Bench.

My Lord of Essex's (age 22) cause hath had no hearings of late, and is remitted over to the 18th day of this next new month. Two new commissioners are adjoined to the former, viz., the Bishops of Winchester (age 66)4 and Rochester (age 51)5 that their voice in favour of the nullity may be able to counterpoise the contrary opposition of Canterbury and London.

The Lord Chief Justice Fleming (deceased) is lately dead, and Hobart and Montagu suitors for the place.

In my last letters I acquainted you with the stirs that were at Nismes upon occasion of M. Ferrier, some time their minister. M. le Conestable, who resides in those parts, hath made such a grievous complaint thereof unto the queen (age 11)6, as she hath taken a resolution thereupon to translate, by way of punishment, the presidial seat of justice, which is there, to Beaucaire, a neighbour Catholic town, hard by; which, if it once come to be put in execution, is like to occasion far greater stirs in those quarters.

Note 1. Fourth son of Henry Cary Lord Hunsdon, and grandson of William Cary, Esq., who married Mary Boleyn, sister to Queen Anne Boleyn. Sir Robert Cary (age 53) was created by King James I (age 47), Lord Gary of Lepingdon, in Yorkshire, and by King Charles I (age 12), Earl of Monmooth.

Note 2. Anne (age 59), daughter and sole heir of Robert Kelway, Esq, surveyor of the Court of Wards, and wife of Sir John Harrington (age 73), created 21st July, 1603, by King James the First (age 47), Lord Harrington of Exton in Rutland. He had the tuition of the Lady Elizabeth (age 16), whom he attended, in April, 1613, to the Palatinate; and died in the same year.

Note 3. Son (age 21) of Lord Harrington (age 73). He died in February, 1613-14.

Note 4. Dr. Bilson (age 66).

Note 5. Dr. John Buckridge (age 51).

Note 6. Queen of France (age 11).

On 12 Aug 1639 Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh (age 31) and Barbara Lamb were married. He the son of William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh (age 52) and Susan Villiers Countess Denbigh (age 56).

Great Plague of London

Pepy's Diary. 12 Aug 1665. The people die so, that now it seems they are fain to carry the dead to be buried by day-light, the nights not sufficing to do it in.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Aug 1690. The French landed some soldiers at Teignmouth [Map], in Devon, and burned some poor houses. The French fleet still hovering about the western coast, and we having 300 sail of rich merchant-ships in the bay of Plymouth [Map], our fleet began to move toward them, under three admirals. The country in the west all on their guard. A very extraordinary fine season; but on the 12th was a very great storm of thunder and lightning, and on the 15th the season much changed to wet and cold. The militia and trained bands, horse and foot, which were up through England, were dismissed. The French King having news that King William (age 39) was slain, and his army defeated in Ireland, caused such a triumph at Paris, and all over France, as was never heard of; when, in the midst of it, the unhappy King James (age 56) being vanquished, by a speedy flight and escape, himself brought the news of his own defeat.


Before 12 Aug 1700 James Tuchet 5th Earl Castlehaven and Anne Pelson Countess Castlehaven were married. He the son of Mervyn Tuchet 4th Earl Castlehaven and Mary Talbot Countess Castlehaven.

On 12 Aug 1721 David Wemyss de jure 6th Earl Wemyss was born to James Wemyss 5th Earl Wemyss (age 21) and Janet Charteris at Wemyss Castle.

After 12 Aug 1762 Francis Hastings 10th Earl Huntingdon (age 33) incorrectly announced to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 24) that his first born child King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland was a girl. George III had promised £1,000 to the bearer of the news that he had a son and £500 that he had a girl; Francis received neither.


On 12 Aug 1802 Thomas Grey 4th Baron Walsingham (age 24) and Elizabeth North Baroness Walsingham (age 25) were married. She the daughter of Bishop Brownlow North (age 61) and Henrietta Maria Bannister.

On 12 Aug 1808 Arthur Annesley 10th Viscount Valentia (age 22) and Eleanor O'Brien Viscountess Valentia were married.

PAINTINGS/HARDING/Harbottle_Grimston.jpgBefore 12 Aug 1809. Silvester Harding of Pall Mall (age 64). Portrait of Harbottle Grimston 2nd Baronet.

On 12 Aug 1815 Aubrey Beauclerk 6th Duke St Albans (age 49) died. His son Aubrey Beauclerk 7th Duke St Albans succeeded 7th Duke St Albans 1C 1684, 7th Earl Burford, 7th Baron Heddington. He was four months old.

On 12 Aug 1817 Anne Croker 1st Lady Crofton (age 66) died. Her grandson Edward Crofton 2nd Baron Crofton (age 11) succeeded 2nd Baron Crofton.


On 12 Aug 1843 George Howard 9th Earl Carlisle was born to Charles Wentworth George Howard (age 29) and Priscilla Harriet Parke at London.NOTEXT

Thomas Bateman 1846. On the 12th of August 1846, was opened a low flat barrow at Windle (Wind Lowe) Nook [Map], near Hargate Wall, Derbyshire, about twenty yards in diameter, two feet high, and encircled by a ring of large flat limestones, placed in a sloping manner on one side, about three yards from the margin of the tumulus, apparently for the purpose of preserving its symmetry. The top of this barrow is surmounted by a large square sandstone, which has originally formed the base of one of the wayside crosses, of which numerous examples remain in the north of Derbyshire. About the centre of the barrow was a cist, measuring near six feet by four, in horizontal area, and three feet in depth, of unusual construction, the sides being built of large stones set on end, some of which appeared above the turf; an examination of the contents of this cist led to the conclusion that it had been applied to sepulchral purposes at various distinct periods, and that the last interment had been partially disturbed at a comparatively recent period; the contents were as follows: small pieces of urn, calcined bones and flints, skeletons of two persons of full stature, and of two infants, one of them very young, and various animal bones, amongst which, those of the rat, weasel, and horse were most conspicuous. All these articles were so much out of their ordinary arrangement, as to leave no doubt of their disinterment at the time of the burial of another skeleton, which lay in a contracted position a few inches above the floor of the vault; this skeleton, which, from the ornaments discovered with it, and the slender proportions of the bones, must be attributed to a female, had not entirely escaped spoliation at a recent period; the following circumstances seem to put this question beyond doubt, namely, the discovery of sundry pieces of tobacco-pipe, and nails from rustics' shoes, and from the fact of finding part of a very large ivory pin, and a fragment of an armilla or bracelet of Kimmeridge coal, both of which would undoubtedly have been perfect at the time they were deposited. Whoever these former excavators were, they were not very close observers as they had overlooked a necklace of beads of the aforesaid Kimmeridge coal, terminated by two perforated conical studs of the same, and enriched by six pieces of ivory, ornamented with the everlasting chevron or zig-zag pattern so universally prevalent on Celtic remains. The beads, exclusive of the studs and ornaments, are seventy-six in number, and are identical with two that are figured in plate 3, vol. i of Sir. Richard Hoare's excellent work. The ivory ornaments are quite novel, no other example having been published.

Note. The necklace discovered at Wind Low on display at Weston Park Museum, Sheffield.

On 12 Aug 1858 Rear Admiral George Pryse Campbell (age 65) died. Monument in St Elidor's Church Stackpole [Map] dedicated by his widow Charlotte Gascoyne (age 60).

Rear Admiral George Pryse Campbell: In 1793 he was born to John Campbell 1st Baron Cawdor (age 40) and Isabella Caroline Howard Baroness Cawdor (age 22). On 13 Oct 1821 Rear Admiral George Pryse Campbell (age 28) and Charlotte Gascoyne (age 23) were married.

Charlotte Gascoyne: On 16 Oct 1797 she was born to General Isaac Gascoyne (age 34). On 14 Oct 1873 Charlotte Gascoyne (age 75) died.

On 12 Aug 1865 Frank Russell 2nd Earl Russell was born to John Russell (age 22) and Katherine Louisa Stanley (age 21).

On 12 Aug 1868 Frederick Smith 2nd Viscount Hambleden was born to William Henry Smith (age 43) and Emily Danvers 1st Viscountess Hambleden.

PAINTINGS/BUCKNER/Horatio_Walpole.jpgIn or before 12 Aug 1883. Richard Buckner (age 70). Portrait of Horatio Walpole 4th Earl Orford (age 70).

PAINTINGS/BUCKNER/Georgina_Moncrieffe.jpgIn or before 12 Aug 1883. Richard Buckner (age 70). Portrait of Georgina Moncrieffe Countess Dudley (age 37).

Georgina Moncrieffe Countess Dudley: On 09 Aug 1846 she was born to Thomas Moncrieffe 7th Baronet (age 24) and Louisa Hay-Drummond Lady Moncrieffe. In 1860 William Ward 1st Earl of Dudley (age 42) was created 1st Earl of Dudley of Dudley Castle in Staffordshire 2C 1860. Georgina Moncrieffe Countess Dudley (age 13) by marriage Countess of Dudley of Dudley Castle in Staffordshire. On 21 Nov 1865 William Ward 1st Earl of Dudley (age 48) and Georgina Moncrieffe Countess Dudley (age 19) were married. The difference in their ages was 29 years. On 02 Feb 1929 Georgina Moncrieffe Countess Dudley (age 82) died.

On 12 Aug 1885 John Manners-Sutton 3rd Baron Manners (age 33) and Constance Hamlyn-Fane Baroness Manners (age 23) were married at Bideford. She by marriage Baroness Manners.

On 12 Aug 1928 Charles James Fitzroy 6th Baron Southampton was born to Charles Fitzroy 5th Baron Southampton (age 24) and Margaret Drake Baroness Southampton.