On this Day in History ... 13 March

13 Mar is in March.

1271 Murder of Henry of Almain

1569 Battle of Jarnac

1666 Great Plague of London

Florence of Worcester Continuation. 13 Mar 1121. After this, the archbishop, having accompanied the king (age 53) to Abingdon [Map], consecrated on Sunday the third of the ides [the 13th] of March, Robert, before named, as bishop of Chester, there being present and assisting at this sacrament William, bishop of Winchester, William, bishop of Exeter, and the Welsh bishops, Urban (age 45) and Bernard.

On 13 Mar 1181 Simon "Chauve" Montfort 4th Count Évreux (age 53) died at Évreux, Haute Normandie. His son Amaury V Montfort 5th Count Évreux succeeded 5th Count Évreux, 5th Seigneur Montfort.

Murder of Henry of Almain

On 13 Mar 1271 Henry "Almain" Cornwall (age 35) was murdered while attending mass at the Chiesa di San Silvestro Viterbo Lazio by his cousins Simon "Younger" Montfort and Guy Montfort Count Nola (age 27) in revenge for the deaths of their father Simon and older brother Henry at the Battle of Evesham.

The murder was carried out in the presence of the Cardinals who were conducting a papal Election, of King Philip III of France (age 25), and of King Charles of Sicily (age 43). The Montfort brothers were excommunicated

The deed is mentioned by Dante Alighieri some forty years after in the Divine Comedy who placed Guy de Montfort in the seventh circle of hell. Henry "Almain" Cornwall (age 35) was buried in Hailes Abbey [Map].

On 13 Mar 1372 Louis Valois Duke Touraine I Duke Orléans was born to King Charles V of France (age 33) and Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France (age 34). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.59%.

On 13 Mar 1422 John Clifford 7th Baron Clifford (age 33) died. On 13 Mar 1422 His son Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford (age 7) succeeded 8th Baron de Clifford 1C 1299, 8th Lord Skipton.

Chronicle of Gregory 1461. The xiij day of Marche the kynge, owre newe Kynge Edwarde (age 18), toke hys jornaye unto the Northe, and the Duke of Northefolke (age 45) with hym. The Erle of Warwycke (age 32) and the Lorde Fauconbrygge (age 32), with many knyghtes, squyers, and comyns, to the nombyr of iic Mlmen.

On 13 Mar 1516 Vladislaus II King Hungary (age 60) died.

On 13 Mar 1518 Thomas Babington of Dethick (age 69) died at Ashover [Map]. He was buried at All Saints Church, Ashover [Map].

Monument to Thomas Babington of Dethick (age 69) and Editha Fitzherbert. Excellent painted alabaster monument of the Fluted Period with the colours much refreshed. Carved by Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings.

Thomas Babington of Dethick: Around 1449 he was born to John Babington (age 26) and Isabel Bradbourne (age 22). Before 1476 Thomas Babington of Dethick (age 27) and Editha Fitzherbert (age 18) were married.

Editha Fitzherbert: Around 1457 she was born to Ralph Fitzherbert (age 29) and Elizabeth Marshall (age 20) at Norbury, Derbyshire. In 1511 Editha Fitzherbert (age 54) died at Ashover.

She wearing a Gabled Headress with long lappets.

He in civilian clothes with a purse (aka scrip aka gypciere) hanging from his belt.

Dogs chewing at her dress suggests Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent carved the monument.

The chest tomb of exceptional quality with the fifteen weepers under crocketed canopies broadly undamaged. The weepers on the sides are believed to represent Thomas and Editha's children, possibly fourteen, and their respective spouses. Those on the ends appear to be Saints and Angels with the one in the middle possible St Catherine. The chest tomb now abuts the south wall of the chancel meaning only three sides visible.

Babington Arms impaled Fitzherbert Arms.

On 13 Mar 1540 Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex 3rd Count Eu died. Earl Essex 5C 1461 extinct. His daughter Anne Bourchier 7th Baroness Bourchier (age 23) succeeded 7th Baroness Bourchier. John Bourchier 2nd Earl Bath (age 41) succeeded 2nd Count Eu. Neither he or his descendants used the title.

Battle of Jarnac

On 13 Mar 1569 Louis Bourbon Prince Condé (age 38) was killed after surrendering at the Battle of Jarnac. His son Henri Bourbon Condé Prince Condé (age 16) succeeded Prince Condé. His son Charles Bourbon Condé Count Soissons (age 2) succeeded Count Soissons.

On or before 13 Mar 1596 Ralph Hopton 1st Baron Hopton was born to Robert Hopton of Witham (age 21). He was baptised 13 Mar 1596 at St Peter's Church.

Great Plague of London

Pepy's Diary. 13 Mar 1666. At noon to dinner, and then to the office again, where mighty business, doing a great deale till midnight and then home to supper and to bed. The plague encreased this week 29 from 28, though the total fallen from 238 to 207, which do never a whit please me.

On 13 Mar 1729 Bussy Mansel 4th Baron Mansel (age 8) and Barbara Villiers Lady Blackett (age 22) were married. She the daughter of William Villiers 2nd Earl Jersey.

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On 13 Mar 1736 John Stewart 7th Earl Galloway was born to Alexander Stewart 6th Earl Galloway (age 42) and Catherine Cochrane Countess Galloway (age 27).

On 13 Mar 1741 Elizabeth Shirley Countess Northampton (age 46) died. Baron Ferrers of Chartley abeyant.


On 12 Mar 1749 or 13 Mar 1749 William Robert Fitzgerald 2nd Duke Leinster was born to James Fitzgerald 1st Duke Leinster (age 27) and Emilia Mary Lennox Duchess Leinster (age 17) at Arlington Place. He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.


On 13 Mar 1771 Charles Knollys 5th Earl Banbury (age 67) died. He was buried on 19 Mar 1771 at St John the Baptist Church, Burford. His son William Knollys 6th Earl Banbury (age 44) de jure 6th Earl Banbury, 6th Viscount Wallingford, 6th Baron Knollys.

On 13 Mar 1778 Robert Shirley 7th Earl Ferrers (age 21) and Elizabeth Prentiss Countess Ferrers were married at St Leonard's Church Shoreditch. He the son of Robert Shirley 6th Earl Ferrers (age 54) and Catherine Cotton Countess Ferrers.

On 13 Mar 1808 Christian VII King Denmark and Norway (age 59) died. His son Frederick VI King Denmark and Norway (age 40) succeeded VI King Denmark and Norway. Marie Sophie Hesse-Kassel Queen Consort Denmark and Norway (age 40) by marriage Queen Consort Denmark and Norway.

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On 13 Mar 1834 Charles Philip Yorke (age 70) died without issue one day after his seventieth birthday. On 10 May 1854 Harriet Manningham (age 90) died. Both buried at St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map].

Framed inscription panel with achievement of arms, supported by consoles and surmounted by a sarcophagus, in various marbles, signed by Thomas Denman (age 44).

The quote 'Et Nos Aliquod' appears to refer to Vergils Aeneid Paragraph 57 Sentence 4 "et nos aliquod nomenque decusque gessimus." meaning "I also had some name and respect".

Charles Philip Yorke: On 12 Mar 1764 he was born to Charles Yorke (age 41) and Agneta Johnson (age 23). On 01 Jul 1790 Charles Philip Yorke (age 26) and Harriet Manningham (age 27) were married.

Harriet Manningham: On 21 Jun 1763 she was born to Charles Manningham of Thorpe in Surrey.


On 13 Mar 1857 William Pitt Amherst 1st Earl Amherst (age 84) died at Knole House. His son William Amherst 2nd Earl Amherst (age 51) succeeded 2nd Earl Amherst. Gertrude Percy Countess Amherst (age 42) by marriage Countess Amherst.


On 13 Mar 1858 Richard Griffin 3rd Baron Braybrook (age 74) died. His son Richard Cornwallis Neville 4th Baron Braybrooke (age 37) succeeded 4th Baron Braybrooke.

On 13 Mar 1878 David Freeman-Mitford 2nd Baron Redesdale was born to Algernon Freeman-Mitford 1st Baron Redesdale (age 41) and Clementina Gertrude Helen Ogilvy (age 23).

On 13 Mar 1879 Prince Arthur Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn (age 28) and Luise Margarete Hohenzollern Duchess Connaught (age 18) were married at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle [Map]. He the son of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 59). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.


On 13 Mar 1892 Prince Louis Hesse Darmstadt IV Grand Duke (age 54) died.

On 13 Mar 1906 Admiral Richard Horace Hamond (age 63) died. Memorial in All Saints Church, West Acre [Map].

Admiral Richard Horace Hamond: On 17 Jan 1843 he was born to Anthony Hamond (age 38) and Mary Anne Musters (age 36).

On 13 Mar 1909 John Manners Yorke 7th Earl of Hardwicke (age 68) died. His son Charles Yorke 8th Earl of Hardwicke (age 39) succeeded 8th Earl Hardwicke, 8th Viscount Royston.

Before 13 Mar 1930 George William Coventry died. His son George Coventry 10th Earl Coventry (age 29) succeeded 10th Earl Coventry.

On 13 Mar 1930 George Coventry 9th Earl Coventry (age 91) died.

On 13 Mar 1937 Arthur Walsh 3rd Baron Ormathwaite (age 77) died.

On 13 Mar 1954 Francis David Ormsby-Gore 6th Baron Harlech was born to William David Ormsby-Gore 5th Baron Harlech (age 35) and Sylvia Thomas Baroness Harlech.