On this Day in History ... 14 November

14 Nov is in November.

1501 Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon

1532 Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

1665 Great Plague of London

1688 Glorious Revolution

On 14 Nov 1282 Alexander Dunkeld Prince Scotland (age 18) and Margaret Dampierre Duchess Gueders (age 10) were married. She the daughter of Guy Dampierre Count Flanders (age 56) and Isabelle Luxemburg Countess Flanders (age 35). He the son of Alexander III King Scotland (age 41) and Margaret Queen of Scotland. They were half third cousin once removed. He a grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England.

Marriage of Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon

On 14 Nov 1501 Arthur Prince of Wales (age 15) and Catherine of Aragon (age 15) were married at St Paul's Cathedral [Map] by Archbishop Henry Deane assisted by William Warham Bishop of London (age 51) and a further eighteen bishops. She wore a white satin dress with a farthingale and over her head wore a veil of fine silk trimmed with gold and pearls. She would, eight years later, marry his younger brother King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 10) - see Marriage of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. She the daughter of Ferdinand II King Aragon (age 49) and Isabella Queen Castile (age 50). He the son of King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 44) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England (age 35). They were half third cousin once removed. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Prince Henry (age 10) who escorted her up the aisle and gave her away.

Cecily York Viscountess Welles (age 32) bore the train, Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset (age 24) was Chief Answerer.

Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 18) and Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham (age 23) attended.

Thomas Englefield was appointed Knight of the Bath.

Immediately after their marriage Arthur Prince of Wales (age 15) and Catherine of Aragon (age 15) resided at Tickenhill Manor Bewdley [Map] for a month. Thereafter they travelled to Ludlow [Map].

Wriothesley's Chronicle. 14 Nov 1501. This yeare, the 14th day of November, Prince Arthure (age 15) was marriedg at Paules Churche [Map], in London, to the Kinge of Spaynes (age 49) third daughter, named Katheryne (age 15).a

Note g. At the age of fifteen, his bride (age 15) being seventeen. The commission and marriage articles may be seen in MS. Harleian. Cod. 6, 220, Art. 1.

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Before 14 Nov 1508 George Neville 5th and 3rd Baron Bergavenny (age 39) and Joan Fitzalan Baroness Bergavenny were married. She by marriage Baroness Bergavenny. She the daughter of Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel (age 58) and Margaret Woodville Countess Arundel. They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

Hall's Chronicle 1532. [14 Nov 1532]. The King after his return, married privately the lady Anne Boleyn (age 31), on Saint Erkenwaldes day, which marriage was kept so secrete, that very few knew it, til she was great with child, at Easter after.


On 14 Nov 1572 Moyle Finch 1st Baronet (age 22) and Elizabeth Heneage 1st Countess Winchelsea (age 16) were married.

Before 14 Nov 1578 John Stewart 5th Earl Atholl (age 15) and Mary Ruthven Countess Atholl were married. She the daughter of William Ruthven 1st Earl Gowrie (age 35) and Dorothea Stewart Countess Gowrie. He the son of John Stewart 4th Earl Atholl and Margaret Fleming Countess Atholl (age 49). They were second cousins.


On 14 Nov 1615 John Kennedy 5th Earl Cassilis (age 40) died. His nephew John Kennedy 6th Earl Cassilis succeeded 6th Earl Cassilis.

On 14 Nov 1627 Elizabeth Waldegrave died. On 06 Dec 1629 Arthur Coke (age 42) died in Bury St Edmunds [Map]. Jacobean Hooded Monument sculpted by Nicholas Stone (age 40) in St Andrew's Church Bramfield [Map]. White and black marble; reclining effigy of Elizabeth with Arthur kneeling in prayer above within an arched Recess; Arms over the arch and surrounding it are seven Cartouche's.

Elizabeth Waldegrave: She was born to George Waldegrave. On 08 Feb 1608 Arthur Coke (age 21) and she were married at Hitcham as recorded in the papers of the Winthrop Family Folio 36: "The viijth of Feb. beinge Shrovetuesday the L Cokes seconde soonne maryed the daughter and heire of Sir George Waldegrave at Hiccham". The Hitcham Register gives 09 Feb as the date of the marriage. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Arthur Coke: In 1587 he was born to Edward Coke Lord Chief Justice (age 34) and Bridget Paston.

On 14 Nov 1643 Henry Hastings 5th Earl Huntingdon (age 57) died. His son Ferdinando Hastings 6th Earl Huntingdon (age 35) succeeded 6th Earl Huntingdon 7C 1529, 11th Baron Botreaux 1368, 10th Baron Hungerford 1C 1426, 8th Baron Moleyns 1C 1445 and 8th Baron Hastings 2C 1461. Lucy Davies Countess Huntingdon (age 30) by marriage Countess Huntingdon.


On 14 Nov 1659 Thomas Butler 6th Earl Ossory (age 25) and Emilia Nassau Beverweert Countess Ossory (age 24) were married at Den Bosch. He the son of James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde (age 49) and Elizabeth Preston Duchess Ormonde (age 44).


Great Plague of London

Pepy's Diary. 14 Nov 1665. Called up by break of day by Captain Cocke (age 48), by agreement, and he and I in his coach through Kent-streete (a sad place through the plague, people sitting sicke and with plaisters about them in the street begging) to Viner's (age 34) and Colvill's about money business, and so to my house, and there I took £300 in order to the carrying it down to my Lord Sandwich (age 40) in part of the money I am to pay for Captain Cocke (age 48) by our agreement. So I took it down, and down I went to Greenwich [Map] to my office, and there sat busy till noon, and so home to dinner, and thence to the office again, and by and by to the Duke of Albemarle's (age 56) by water late, where I find he had remembered that I had appointed to come to him this day about money, which I excused not doing sooner; but I see, a dull fellow, as he is, do sometimes remember what another thinks he mindeth not. My business was about getting money of the East India Company; but, Lord! to see how the Duke himself magnifies himself in what he had done with the Company; and my Lord Craven (age 57) what the King (age 35) could have done without my Lord Duke, and a deale of stir, but most mightily what a brave fellow I am.

On 14 Nov 1669 Frederick Saxe Coburg Altenburg I Duke Saxe Gotha Altenburg (age 23) and Duchess Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe Gotha Altenburg (age 21) were married at Halle, Saxony-Anhalt. He the son of Ernest "The Pious" Saxe Gotha I Duke Saxe Gotha (age 67) and Elisabeth Sophie Saxe Altenburg Duchess Saxe Gotha (age 50).

PAINTINGS/VERELST/Nell_Gwynne.jpgBefore 14 Nov 1687 Simon Pietersz Verelst (age 43). Portrait of Nell Gwyn (age 37).

Glorious Revolution

Evelyn's Diary. 14 Nov 1688. The Prince (age 38) increases everyday in force. Several Lords go in to him. Lord Cornbury (age 26) carries some regiments, and marches to Honiton, Devon, the Prince's (age 38) headquarters. The city of London in disorder; the rabble pulled down the nunnery newly bought by the Papists of Lord Berkeley (age 60), at St. John's. The Queen (age 30) prepares to go to Portsmouth [Map] for safety, to attend the issue of this commotion, which has a dreadful aspect.

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On 14 Nov 1691 James Lindsay 5th Earl Balcarres was born to Colin Lindsay 3rd Earl Balcarres (age 39) and Margaret Campbell Countess Balcarres.

On 14 Nov 1706 Edward Mansel 4th Baronet (age 69) died. His son Thomas Mansel 1st Baron Mansel (age 38) succeeded 5th Baronet Mansel of Margam 1611.

On 14 Nov 1724 John Murray 1st Duke Atholl (age 64) died. His son James Murray 2nd Duke Atholl (age 34) succeeded 2nd Duke Atholl, 3rd Marquess Atholl, 4th Earl Atholl 10C 1596, 5th Earl Tullibardine 2C 1628.


On 14 Nov 1734 Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth (age 85) died in Paris [Map]. Duke Portsmouth, Earl Fareham and Baron Petersfield extinct since the creations were for life only.

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On 14 Nov 1820 George Wyndham 4th Earl Egremont (age 34) and Jane Roberts Countess Egremont were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 14 Nov 1841 John Kerr 7th Marquess Lothian (age 47) died at Blickling Hall [Map]. His son William Schomberg Kerr 8th Marquess Lothian (age 9) succeeded 8th Marquess Lothian. He inherited the Blickling estate and made significant changes.

On 14 Nov 1841 Thomas Bruce 11th Earl Kincardine 7th Earl Elgin (age 75) died at Paris [Map]. His son James Bruce 12th Earl Kincardine 8th Earl Elgin (age 30) succeeded 12th Earl Kincardine, 8th Earl Elgin. Elizabeth Mary Cumming Bruce Countess Kincardine and Elgin by marriage Countess Kincardine, Countess Elgin.

Cecil Chetwynd-Talbot Marchioness Lothian: On 17 Apr 1808 she was born to Charles Chetwynd-Talbot 2nd Earl Talbot (age 30) and Frances Thomasine Lambart Countess Talbot (age 36). In 1831 John Kerr 7th Marquess Lothian (age 36) and Cecil Chetwynd-Talbot Marchioness Lothian (age 22) were married. She by marriage Marchioness Lothian. She the daughter of Charles Chetwynd-Talbot 2nd Earl Talbot (age 53) and Frances Thomasine Lambart Countess Talbot. He the son of William Kerr 6th Marquess Lothian and Harriet Hobart Viscountess Belmore. On 13 May 1877 Cecil Chetwynd-Talbot Marchioness Lothian (age 69) died at Rome. She was buried at the Church of St David's Dalkeith.

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On 14 Nov 1864 John Manners-Sutton 2nd Baron Manners (age 46) died. His son John Manners-Sutton 3rd Baron Manners (age 12) succeeded 3rd Baron Manners.

On 14 Nov 1879 Henrietta Otway 4th Baroness Braye (age 70) died. Her son Alfred Wyatt-Edgell 5th Baron Braye (age 30) succeeded 5th Baron Braye.

After 14 Nov 1884. Monument to Frances Puleston in St Giles' Church, Wrexham [Map]. Sculpted by Peter Mathias Van Gelder.

On 14 Nov 1900 William Montagu 9th Duke Manchester (age 23) and Helena Zimmerman (age 22) were married at St Marylebone Church. They had met at a costume ball at a Brittany coast resort in Dinard in Brittany. They had two sons and two daughters. He the son of George Victor Drogo Montagu 8th Duke Manchester and Consuelo Yznaga Duchess Manchester (age 47).

On 14 Nov 1926 Jocelyn Pelham 6th Earl Chichester (age 55) died. His son Francis Pelham 7th Earl Chichester (age 21) succeeded 7th Earl Chichester 4C 1801, 8th Baron Pelham of Stanmer in Sussex and 12th Baronet Pelham of Laughton albeit dying some nine days later.

After 14 Nov 1929. Gate to the churcyard in memory of Thomas Surtees Raine (deceased).

Thomas Surtees Raine: In 1850 he was born. On 14 Nov 1929 Thomas Surtees Raine (age 79) died.

On 14 Nov 1938 William Lygon 7th Earl Beauchamp (age 66) died at New York. His son William Lygon 8th Earl Beauchamp (age 35) succeeded 8th Earl Beauchamp.

On 14 Nov 1944 Edward Foljambe 5th Earl of Liverpool was born to Captain Peter Foljambe. He was born posthumously.