On this Day in History ... 16 July

16 Jul is in July.

1377 Coronation of Richard II

1465 Battle of Montlhéry

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1551 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1557 Death of Anne of Cleves

1643 Battle of Gainsborough

1661 Creation of Baronets and Peerages by Charles II Post Coronation

1665 Great Plague of London

On 16 Jul 1216 Pope Innocent III (age 56) died.

On 16 Jul 1218 Sylvester Bishop of Worcester died.

Before 16 Jul 1334 William Zouche 2nd Baron Zouche Harringworth (age 12) and Elizabeth Ros Baroness Zouche Harringworth were married. They were second cousin once removed. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 16 Jul 1342 Charles I King Hungary (age 54) died. His son Louis I King Hungary King Poland (age 16) succeeded I King Hungary. Margaret Bohemia Queen Consort Hungary (age 7) by marriage Queen Consort Hungary.

Before 16 Jul 1350 Gilbert Umfraville 9th Earl Angus (age 40) and Joan Willoughby Countess Angus were married. She by marriage Countess Angus. He the son of Robert Umfraville 8th Earl Angus and Lucy Kyme. They were fourth cousins.

On 16 Jul 1369 Bishop John Grandison 3rd Baron Grandison (age 77) died. He was buried at Exeter Cathedral [Map]. His nephew Thomas Grandison 4th Baron Grandison (age 30) succeeded 4th Baron Grandison 1C 1299. Margaret Carew Baroness Grandison and Beauchamp by marriage Baroness Grandison.

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1409 Anthony Valois Duke Brabant (age 24) and Elisabeth of Görlitz Duchess Brabant (age 18) were married. She by marriage Duchess Brabant. He the son of Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy and Margaret Dampierre Duchess Burgundy. They were second cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Battle of Montlhéry

On 16 Jul 1465 Pierre de Brézé (age 55) was killed at the Battle of Montlhéry.

On 16 Jul 1518 Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal (age 49) and Eleanor of Austria Queen Consort France Queen Consort Portugal (age 19) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Portugal. The difference in their ages was 29 years. She the daughter of Philip "Handsome Fair" King Castile and Joanna "The Mad" Trastámara Queen Castile (age 39). They were first cousin twice removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.


1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1528. 16 Jul 1528. R.O. 4522. The Abbot Of Furness to Wolsey.

Received on the 14th his letter dated 2 July, blaming his negligence in delaying to answer Wolsey's first letters; requiring also a grant of the stewardship of their monastery, duly sealed, to be sent by the bearer. According to his promise, was coming to Wolsey by the space of forty miles and more, when he heard of the plague and the adjournment of the term. Since his return, he and the monastery have made a grant of the stewardship to the earl of Derby; but as a former grant was delivered to the late Earl by the pretensed abbot, John Dalton, they desire to have it returned, and will deliver the Earl a substantial one in the place of it. Furness, 16 July. Signed.

P.1. Add. Endd.

1551 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Henry Machyn's Diary. 16 Jul 1551. The xvj day of July ded of the swet the ij yonge dukes of Suffoke [Note. Henry Brandon 2nd Duke of Suffolk (deceased) and Charles Brandon 3rd Duke of Suffolk (deceased)] of the swet, boyth in one bed in Chambryge-shyre [Map]; and [buried] at (blank in MS.); and ther ded from the viij day of July unto the xix ded of the swett in London of all dyssesus, viijc. iijxx. and xij. and no more in alle, and so the chanseller is serteffyd.

Note. Death of the two young dukes of Suffolk. Henry and Charles Brandon, the only sons of Charles Brandon, duke of Suffolk. Their mother was his second wife, Katharine (age 32), daughter and sole heir of William lord Willoughby de Eresby. (See some excellent letters of hers in Miss Wood's collection, vol. iii.) The report which reached our diarist is incorrect in two respects: the noble youths did not die "in one bed" nor "in Cambridgeshire." Their deaths took place at the bishop of Lincoln's palace [Map] at Bugden, in the county of Huntingdon. A narrative, entitled "Epistola de vita et obitu duorum fratrum Suffolciensium, Henrici et Caroli Brandon," written by sir Thomas Wilson, was shortly after printed. Two interesting extracts from this rare volume will be found in the Gentleman's Magazine for Sept. 1825, vol. xcv. ii. 206. The young men, accompanied by their mother, had just arrived at Bugden, when the duke was suddenly taken ill of the fatal sweat, which in five hours deprived him of life. The younger brother Charles, though placed in a distant chamber, immediately learned what had happened, and being asked by the physician upon what he was meditating, replied, "I am thinking how hard it is to be deprived of one's dearest friend." "Why do you say so?" said he. He answered, "How can you ask me? My brother is dead. However, it is of little matter, I shall soon follow him." And so he did, in half an hour. Sir Thomas Wilson admits the title of duke to the younger brother immediately on the elder's demise, and so we find from our Diary "the ij. dukes" were so called in London. The other extract given in the Gentleman's Magazine is a very high character (in Latin) of the young duke Henry, written by Dr. Walter Haddon, regius professor of civil law in the university of Cambridge: of this Strype (Memorials, Book ii. c. 4,) has given the substance in a translated form. Sir Thomas Wilson, in his Arte of Rhetorique, has also an interesting passage describing the characters of these young noblemen; and some Latin verses on their death, "Carmina in Mortem," &c. were written by Michael Reniger, and printed in 1552, 4to. The circumstance that their mother the duchess was the great patroness of the reforming divines accounts for the extraordinary interest excited by their death. An engraving in Chamberlain's Holbein Heads is taken from two miniatures, supposed to represent these brothers: but if the dates given in the inscriptions are compared, they will be found both to belong to the elder boy.

Note. Mortality from the sweating sickness. Two other reports of this have come down to us, and, though the figures do not exactly correspond, yet they seem all to have been derived from official returns, and there is also some difference in the periods of time. "Letters from London reporte there died in London of the sweatynge sicknes from the 7. of July till the 20. of the same 938 persons, but howe many have died since to this daye, beinge the 23., I knowe not. I truste it is nowe cleane gone." (MS. Harl. 353, f. 107.) Shortly after the disease had terminated, the celebrated Dr. Caius wrote a treatise upon it, which was printed in the following year, under the title of "A boke or counseill against the disease commonly called the sweate, or sweatyng sicknesse. Made by John Caius, doctour in physicke. 1552." Printed by Richard Grafton in black letter, 40 leaves, 12mo. The Dedication to the earl of Pembroke is dated 1st April, 1552. (Caius also wrote a Latin treatise on the same subject, of which a late edition, entitled "Johannis Caii de Ephemera Britannica liber unus," was printed in London, 8vo. 1721.) From this curious volume we learn that the disease first appeared with the army of Henry the Seventh, which arrived at Milford, out of France, the 7 Aug. 1485; next in 1506; again in 1517; a fourth time in 1528; and a fifth in 1551, shortly before the composition of his treatise. On this occasion, "Beginning at Shrewesbury in the middest of April, proceadinge with greate mortalitie to Ludlowe, Prestene, and other places in Wales, then to Westchestre, Coventre, Oxenfoorde, and other tounes in the Southe, and suche as were in and aboute the way to London, whether it came notablie the seventh of July, and there continuing sore, with the loss of vijC.lxi. from the ix. day until the xvi. daye, besides those that died in the vii. and viii. dayes, of whom no registre was kept, from that it abated until the xxx. day of the same, with the loss of C.xlii. more. Then ceasing there, it wente from thence throughe al the east partes of England into the northe, untill the ende of Auguste, at which tyme it diminished, and in the ende of Septembre fully ceassed." The following singular passage relating to this disease occurs in a report of the preaching of Thomas Hancocke, minister of Poole in Dorsetshire. "—in his doctrine he taught them that God had plagued this Realme most justly for their sins with three notable plagues. The first plague was a warning to England, which was the Posting Sweat, that posted from town to town thorow England, and was named Stop-Gallant: for it spared none. For there were some dauncing in the Court at nine a'clock that were dead at eleven. In the same sweat also at Cambridge dyed two worthy imps, the duke of Suffolk his sons, Charles and his brother." (Strype, Memor. iii. chap. vii.) The singular name here noticed occurs also in the register of Uffculme, Devonshire, where the disease prevailed in the month following its devastation in London. "Out of 38 burials entered in that year, 27 were in the first 11 days of August, and 16 of them in three days. The disease of which these persons died is called, in the parish-register, the hote sickness or stup-gallant." Magna Britannia, by Lysons, who adds that he had not been able to find the term elsewhere.

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Chronicle of Queen Jane and Two Years of Queen Mary 1553. 16 Jul 1553. The xvj th daye of July the lorde highe treasurer (age 70)c was going to his howse in London at night, and about vij. of the clocke the gates of the Tower [Map] upon a sudden was shut, and the keyes caryed upp to the quene Jane (age 17); but what the cause was I knowe not. The noyes in the Tower was that ther was a seale lackinge; but many men thought they surmysed that but the truthe was she feared some packinge in the lorde treasurer, and so they dyd fetch him at xij. of the clocke in the night from his house in London into the Tower.

Note c. The marquess of Winchester (age 70).


Death of Anne of Cleves

On 16 Jul 1557 Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England (age 41) died at Chelsea Manor [Map]. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map] on 03 Aug 1557. She was the last of Henry VIII's six wives to die having outlived him by ten years.


Henry Machyn's Diary. 16 Jul 1557. [The xvi day of July died the lady Anna of Cleves (age 41), at Chelsea, sometime wife and queen to king Henry the] viijth, but she was never crounyd, butt [remained in England,] and she was seyryd [cered ie inclosed in waxed cloths.] the nyght folohyng.

Before 16 Jul 1594 Frederick IV Elector Palatine (age 20) and Electress Louise Juliana of the Palatine Rhine (age 18) were married. She by marriage Electress Palatine Rhine. He the son of Louis VI Elector Palatine.

On 16 Jul 1608 César Bourbon Vendôme 1st Duke Vendôme (age 14) and Françoise Lorraine Duchess Vendôme (age 15) were married. She by marriage Duchess Vendôme. He the son of Henry IV King France (age 54) and Gabrielle d'Estrées. They were half third cousin once removed.

On 16 Jul 1631 Francis Hay 9th Earl Erroll (age 67) died. His son William Hay 10th Earl Erroll (age 34) succeeded 10th Earl Erroll.

Battle of Gainsborough

On 16 Jul 1645 William Morgan (age 85) was visited by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 15) who stayed ovenight.

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1661 Creation of Baronets and Peerages by Charles II Post Coronation

In Jul 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31) created new Baronetcies and Peerages ...

10 Jul 1661 Christopher Guise 1st Baronet (age 44) was created 1st Baronet Guise of Elmore in Gloucestershire.

16 Jul 1661 Philip Parker 1st Baronet (age 43) was created 1st Baronet Parker of Arwarton in Suffolk. Rebecca Long Lady Parker by marriage Lady Parker of Arwarton in Suffolk.

21 Jul 1661 Charles Hussey 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Hussey of Caythorpe in Lincolnshire.

21 Jul 1661 Edward Barkham 1st Baronet (age 31) was created 1st Baronet Barkham Waynflete.

25 Jul 1661 John Banks 1st Baronet (age 34) was created 1st Baronet Banks of London by King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Jul 1663 Wilhelm "The Just" VI Hesse-Kassel (age 34) died. His son William Hesse-Kassel (age 12) succeeded VII Landgrave Hesse Kassel.

Great Plague of London

Evelyn's Diary. 16 Jul 1665. There died of the plague in London this week 1,100; and in the week following, above 2,000. Two houses were shut up in our parish.

On 16 Jul 1673 John Jeffreys 2nd Baron Jeffreys was born to George "Hanging Judge" Jeffreys 1st Baron Jeffreys (age 28) and Sarah Needham.

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On 16 Jul 1686 John Pearson Bishop (age 73) died.

On 16 Jul 1695 Thomas Coventry 1st Earl Coventry (age 66) and Elizabeth Grimes Countess Coventry (age 25) were married. The difference in their ages was 41 years.


On 16 Jul 1697 John Brownlow 3rd Baronet (age 38) committed suicide after suffering from severe gout. His brother William Brownlow 4th Baronet (age 31) succeeded 4th Baronet Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire and inherited Belton House [Map]. Dorothy Mason Baroness Brownlow (age 30) by marriage Lady Brownlow of Humby in Lincolnshire.

Monument in St Peter and St Paul Church, Belton [Map] sculpted by William Stanton (age 58).

Dorothy Mason Baroness Brownlow: Around 1667 she was born to Richard Mason (age 34) and Anna Margaret Long (age 26). Before 1690 William Brownlow 4th Baronet (age 24) and Dorothy Mason Baroness Brownlow (age 22) were married. In 1700 Dorothy Mason Baroness Brownlow (age 33) died.


On 16 Jul 1703 Robert Brudenell 2nd Earl Cardigan (age 96) died. His grandson George Brudenell 3rd Earl Cardigan (age 17) succeeded 3rd Earl Cardigan.

On 16 Jul 1719 Meinhart Schomberg 3rd Duke Schomberg (age 78) died. Duke Schomberg extinct.

On 16 Jul 1719 Philip Gell 3rd Baronet (age 68) died without issue. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Wirksworth [Map]. Monument to Philip Gell 3rd Baronet (age 68). Baronet Gell of Hopton in Derbyshire extinct. His esates were inherited by his nephew John Gell son of William Eyre and Philip's sister Katherine Gell who adopted the name Gell.

On 16 Jul 1757 George Venables-Vernon 2nd Baron Vernon (age 22) and Louisa Barbara Mansel (age 24) were married. No issue.


On 16 Jul 1761 George Barrington 5th Viscount Barrington was born to John Barrington (age 44).

PAINTINGS/COTES/Harry_Powlett.pngBefore 16 Jul 1770 Francis Cotes (age 44). Portrait of Harry Powlett 6th Duke Bolton (age 49).

PAINTINGS/COTES/Alice_Ibbetson.pngBefore 16 Jul 1770 Francis Cotes (age 44). Portrait of Alice Ibbetson Countess Shipbrook.

Alice Ibbetson Countess Shipbrook: She was born to Samuel Ibbetson of Denton Hall. Before 1752 Francis Vernon 1st Earl Shipbrook (age 37) and she were married. In 1762 Francis Vernon 1st Earl Shipbrook (age 47) was created 1st Baron Orwell. She by marriage Baroness Orwell. In 1776 Francis Vernon 1st Earl Shipbrook (age 61) was created 1st Viscount Orwell. She by marriage Viscountess Orwell. In 1777 Francis Vernon 1st Earl Shipbrook (age 62) was created 1st Earl Shipbrook of Newry in County Down. She by marriage Countess Shipbrook of Newry in County Down.

PAINTINGS/COTES/Elizabeth_Cust.pngBefore 16 Jul 1770 Francis Cotes (age 44). Portrait of Elizabeth Cust.

Elizabeth Cust: She was born to John Cust 3rd Baronet and Etheldreda Payne Lady Cust. On 30 Jul 1743 Philip Yorke and she were married.

PAINTINGS/COTES/Brownlow_Cust.pngBefore 16 Jul 1770 Francis Cotes (age 44). Portrait of Brownlow Cust 1st Baron Brownlow (age 25).

PAINTINGS/COTES/Laura_Walpole.pngBefore 16 Jul 1770 Francis Cotes (age 44). Portrait of Laura Walpole.

Laura Walpole: She was born illegitimately to Edward Walpole and Dorothy Clement. On 13 Sep 1758 Frederick Keppel Bishop of Exeter (age 30) and she were married. He the son of William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle and Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle (age 55). He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. On 27 Jul 1813 she died.

PAINTINGS/COTES/Charlotte_Walpole.pngBefore 16 Jul 1770 Francis Cotes (age 44). Portrait of Charlotte Walpole Countess Dysart (age 32).

Charlotte Walpole Countess Dysart: In 1738 she was born illegitimately to Edward Walpole (age 32) and Dorothy Clement (age 23). On 02 Oct 1760 Lionel Tollemache 5th Earl Dysart (age 26) and Charlotte Walpole Countess Dysart (age 22) were married. He the son of Lionel Tollemache 4th Earl Dysart (age 52) and Grace Carteret Countess Dysart. On 10 Mar 1770 Lionel Tollemache 4th Earl Dysart (age 61) died. His son Lionel Tollemache 5th Earl Dysart (age 35) succeeded 5th Earl Dysart, 6th Baronet Talmash of Helmingham in Suffolk. Charlotte Walpole Countess Dysart (age 32) by marriage Countess Dysart. In 1789 Charlotte Walpole Countess Dysart (age 51) died.


On 16 Jul 1810 George Pitt-Rivers 4th Baron Rivers was born to Horace Beckford aka Pitt-Rivers 3rd Baron Rivers (age 32) and Frances Rigby.


On 16 Jul 1828 Henry Francis Roper-Curzon 14th Baronet (age 61) and Sarah Brabazon Baroness Teynham were married. She by marriage Baroness Teynham of Teynham in Kent.

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On 16 Jul 1849 Thomas Henry Foley 4th Baron Foley (age 40) and Mary Charlotte Fitzalan Baroness Foley (age 27) were married. She by marriage Baroness Foley of Kidderminster in Worcestershire. She the daughter of Henry Charles Howard 13th Duke of Norfolk (age 57) and Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower Duchess Norfolk (age 61). He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. NOTEXT

In 1852 Flora Elizabeth Campbell died in childbirth. Buried at St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map].

On 16 Jul 1861 Henry Eliot Yorke (age 23) died in India.

Flora Elizabeth Campbell: She was born to General Alexander Campbell. In 1833 Henry Reginald Yorke (age 29) and she were married.

Henry Eliot Yorke: Around 1838 he was born to Henry Reginald Yorke (age 34) and Flora Elizabeth Campbell. Before 16 Jul 1861 Henry Eliot Yorke (age 23) was appointed Lieutenant of the Royal Bombay Artillery.

On 16 Jul 1858 Granville Waldegrave 3rd Baron Radstock (age 25) and Susan Calcraft (age 25) were married at Holy Trinity Church Marylebone. He a great x 4 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Jul 1864 Henry Weysford Charles Plantagenet Rawdon-Hastings 4th Marquess Hastings (age 21) and Florence Cecilia Paget Marchioness Hastings (age 21) were married. The marriage created a scandal as the bride had been engaged to Henry Chaplin (age 23) and had eloped with her husband the day before her planned wedding to Chaplin. Chaplin later got his revenge by outbidding Hastings for the horse Hermit which went on to win the 1867 Derby and against which Hastings had bet heavily. The loss led Hastings into heavy debt and drinking. He died some four years later in poverty. She the daughter of Henry Paget 2nd Marquess Anglesey (age 67) and Henrietta Bagot Marchioness Anglesey. He the son of George Augustus Francis Rawdon-Hastings 2nd Marquess Hastings and Barbara Yelverton Marchioness Hastings.

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On 16 Jul 1866 Bishop George Spencer (age 66) died.

On 16 Jul 1868 Richard White 2nd Earl Bantry (age 67) died. His brother William Henry Hare Hedges-White 3rd Earl Bantry (age 66) succeeded 3rd Earl Bantry.

On 16 Jul 1872 Charles Fitzroy 3rd Baron Southampton (age 67) died. His son Charles Fitzroy 4th Baron Southampton (age 5) succeeded 4th Baron Southampton.

On 16 Jul 1895 George Mccorquodale (age 78) died.

George Mccorquodale: On 10 May 1817 he was born to Hugh McCorquodale and Lucia Hall (age 33). On 24 Dec 1844 George Mccorquodale (age 27) and Louisa Kate Honan were married. After 1870 George Mccorquodale (age 52) and Emily Sanderson (age 32) were married. The difference in their ages was 20 years.


On 16 Jul 1947 Antony Gibbs 3rd Baron Hunsdon 5th Baron Aldenham (age 25) and Mary Elizabeth Tyser Baroness Hunsdon and Aldenham were married.

On 16 Jul 1965 Rufus Keppel 10th Earl of Albemarle was born to Derek Keppel (age 53).