On this Day in History ... 21st February

21 Feb is in February.

1437 Assassination of King James I of Scotland

1547 Coronation of Edward VI

1668 Hamilton-Mohun Duel

1685-1699 Glorious Revolution

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 21st February

On 21 Feb 1437 King James I of Scotland (age 42) was assassinated at Blackfriars. He was buried at Carthusian Charterhouse, Perth. His son King James II of Scotland (age 6) succeeded II King Scotland. His wife, Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland (age 33), managed to escape.

On 21 Feb 1462 Joanna "La Beltraneja" Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal was born to Henry IV King Castile (age 37) and Joan Aviz Queen Consort Castile (age 22). Her nickname "La Beltraneja" a reference to her supposed illegitimacy; she was suspected of being the child of Beltrán de la Cueva 1st Duke of Alburquerque (age 19). She was Henry and Joan's only child. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 11.39%.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1547. The 21st daie was great justes with runninge at the tilt, and the 22th daie was fighting and turninge at the barriors, where was many noble feates donne.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 21 Feb 1561. The xxj day of Feybruary dyd pryche a-for the quen (age 27) and the consell master Skamler (age 41), the new bishop of Peterborow in ys chymner and ys whyt rochet.

After 21 Feb 1581. Church of St Peter and St Paul, Exton, Rutlandshire [Map]. Elizabethan Period monument to Robert Keilway (deceased). This memorial is attributed by Pevsner to Nicholas Johnson and by others to Nicholas Stone. Made of various marbles, a large standing wall monument of 1580, richly decorated and with a recumbant and kneeling figures of the whole family, in an aedicule, capped by obelisk, arms, etc.

His son-in-law John Harington 1st Baron Harington (age 41).

His daughter Anne Keilway Baroness Harington (age 27).

His grandson Kelwey who died aged 21 weeks.

His grand-daughter Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford (age 1).

His feet resting on a horse with its head turned back.

A Harpy. The begin to appear at the end of the 16th Century - see All Saints Church, Turvey [Map].

The same armorial on both sides include Harrington Arms, Keilway Arms

His arms quartered 1: Keilway Arms.

A separate wall mounted monument to Robert Keilway (age 84) with the inscription "Here lies Robert Keylway a distinguished esquire among civilians (whilst he lived), renowned for talent, learning and virtue, who loved retirement, lived as a Christian and died in the Lord on the 21st of February 1581 in the year of our Salvation, 1580, and the 84th year of his age. He left Anne (age 27) his sole heiress and only dearly loved daughter married to John Harrington of Exton, Knt (age 41), whom he had always affectionately loved as a son and friend, by which Anne (age 27) the said John (age 41) had during the life of the aforesaid Robert (deceased) two children, a son, Kelwey, who died Dec. 2nd, 1570, 21 weeks old, and lies buried here with his grandfather, and also a daughter Lucy (age 1) still surviving, and may God grant her a long life. To pay, therefore, a just tribute to so dear and affectionate a parent and to leave to posterity an evidence of their deep gratitude, the said John (age 41) and Anne (age 27) have raised this. Monument and dedicated to their father, Keylwey, and their son Keylwey (to their lasting memory if it so please God) and design it, if God will, as a sepulchre for themselves also".

On 21 Feb 1594 John Ernest Wettin I Duke Saxe Weimar was born to Johann Wettin II Duke Saxe Weimar (age 23) and Dorothea Maria Anhalt at Altenburg.

Pepy's Diary. 21 Feb 1666. Thence with my Lord Bruncker (age 46) to Gresham College, the first time after the sicknesse that I was there, and the second time any met. And here a good lecture of Mr. Hooke's (age 30) about the trade of felt-making, very pretty. And anon alone with me about the art of drawing pictures by Prince Rupert's (age 46) rule and machine, and another of Dr. Wren's (age 42)1 but he says nothing do like squares, or, which is the best in the world, like a darke roome, [The camera obscura.] which pleased me mightily.

Note 1. Afterwards the famous Sir Christopher Wren (age 42). He was one of the mainstays of the Royal Society.

Pepy's Diary. 21 Feb 1668. Thence with Brouncker and T. Harvey to Westminster Hall [Map], and there met with Colonel Birch (age 52) and Sir John Lowther, and did there in the lobby read over what I have drawn up for our defence, wherein they own themselves mightily satisfied; and Birch (age 52), like a particular friend, do take it upon him to defend us, and do mightily do me right in all his discourse. Here walked in the Hall with him a great while, and discoursed with several members, to prepare them in our business against to-morrow, and meeting my cozen Roger Pepys (age 50), he showed me Granger's written confession1, of his being forced by imprisonment, &c., by my Lord Gerard (age 50), most barbarously to confess his forging of a deed in behalf of Fitton (age 38), in the great case between him [Fitton] and my Lord Gerard (age 50); which business is under examination, and is the foulest against my Lord Gerard (age 50) that ever any thing in the world was, and will, all do believe, ruine him; and I shall be glad of it.

Note 1. Pepys here refers to the extraordinary proceedings which occurred between Charles, Lord Gerard (age 50), and Alexander Fitton (age 38), of which a narrative was published at the Hague in 1665. Granger was a witness in the cause, and was afterwards said to be conscience-stricken from his perjury. Some notice of this case will be found in North's "Examen", p. 558; but the copious and interesting note in Ormerod's "History of Cheshire", Vol. iii., p. 291, will best satisfy the reader, who will not fail to be struck by the paragraph with which it is closed-viz., "It is not improbable that Alexander Fitton (age 38), who, in the first instance, gained rightful possession of Gawsworth [Map] under an acknowledged settlement, was driven headlong into unpremeditated guilt by the production of a revocation by will which Lord Gerard (age 50) had so long concealed. Having lost his own fortune in the prosecution of his claims, he remained in gaol till taken out by James II to be made Chancellor of Ireland (under which character Hume first notices him), was knighted, and subsequently created Lord Gawsworth after the abdication of James, sat in his parliament in Dublin in 1689, and then is supposed to have accompanied his fallen master to France. Whether the conduct of Fitton was met, as he alleges, by similar guilt on the part of Lord Gerard (age 50), God only can judge; but his hand fell heavily on the representatives of that noble house. In less than half a century the husbands of its two co-heiresses, James, Duke of Hamilton (age 9), and Charles, Lord Mohun, were slain by each other's hands in a murderous duel arising out of a dispute relative to the partition of the Fitton estates, and Gawsworth itself passed to an unlineal hand, by a series of alienations complicated beyond example in the annals of this country". B. .

Evelyn's Diary. 21 Feb 1689. Another objection was, the invalidity of what was done by a convention only, and the as yet unabrogated laws; this drew them to make themselves on the 22d a Parliament, the new King (age 38) passing the act with the crown on his head. The lawyers disputed, but necessity prevailed, the government requiring a speedy settlement.

Evelyn's Diary. 21 Feb 1689. Dr. Burnet (age 45) preached at St. James's on the obligation to walk worthy of God's particular and signal deliverance of the nation and church.

Evelyn's Diary. 21 Feb 1689. I saw the new Queen (age 26) and King (age 38), with great acclamation and general good reception. Bonfires, bells, guns, etc. It was believed that both, especially the Princess (age 26), would have shown some (seeming) reluctance at least, of assuming her father's (age 55) crown, and made some apology, testifying by her regret that he should by his mismanagement necessitate the nation to so extraordinary a proceeding, which would have shown very handsomely to the world, and according to the character given of her piety; consonant also to her husband's (age 38) first declaration, that there was no intention of deposing the King (age 55), but of succoring the nation; but nothing of all this appeared; she came into Whitehall laughing and jolly, as to a wedding, so as to seem quite transported. She rose early the next morning, and in her undress, as it was reported, before her women were up, went about from room to room to see the convenience of Whitehall; lay in the same bed and apartment where the late Queen (age 30) lay, and within a night or two sat down to play at basset, as the Queen (age 30), her predecessor used to do. She smiled upon and talked to everybody, so that no change seemed to have taken place at Court since her last going away, save that infinite crowds of people thronged to see her, and that she went to our prayers. This carriage was censured by many. She seems to be of a good nature, and that she takes nothing to heart: while the Prince (age 38), her husband, has a thoughtful countenance, is wonderfully serious and silent, and seems to treat all persons alike gravely, and to be very intent on affairs: Holland, Ireland, and France calling for his care.

Evelyn's Diary. 21 Feb 1689. The Archbishop of Canterbury (age 72) and some of the rest, on scruple of conscience and to salve the oaths they had taken, entered their protests and hung off, especially the Archbishop, who had not all this while so much as appeared out of Lambeth [Map]. This occasioned the wonder of many who observed with what zeal they contributed to the Prince's (age 38) expedition, and all the while also rejecting any proposals of sending again to the absent King (age 55); that they should now raise scruples, and such as created much division among the people, greatly rejoicing the old courtiers, and especially the Papists.

After 21 Feb 1698. Monument to Gabriel More (deceased) at St Wulfram's Church, Grantham [Map].

Gabriel More: Around 1635 he was born. On 21 Feb 1698 he died.

On 21 Feb 1732 Maria Wilson aka Burrill (age 63) died. She was buried at St Mary’s Church, Sprotbrough [Map].

Maria Wilson aka Burrill: In 1669 she was born. Before 05 Nov 1709 Lionel Copley and she were married.

On 21 Feb 1801 Cardinal John Henry Newman was born to John Newman (age 34) and Jemima Fourdrinier (age 28).

After 21 Feb 1814. Monument to Amelia Sophia Hume Countess Brownlow (deceased) in St Peter and St Paul Church, Belton [Map]. Sculpted by Antonio Canova (age 56).

On 21 Feb 1839 John Charles Felix Rossi (age 76) died.

Cansisk's Monumental Inscriptions Volume 1 St James' Burial Ground, Hampstead Road. St James' Burial Ground, Hampstead Road. Beneath are deposited the Remains of Mrs. Mary Rossi, Wife of Charles Rossi (deceased), R.A, Died July 30th, 1804. Aged 38 years. Also to the Memory of Charles Rossi (deceased), R.A., Who Departed this life Feb. 21st, 1839, in the 77thyear of his age. Come unto me all ye that labour and are heavy laden and I will give you rest.

On 21 Feb 1860 William Goscombe John was born to Thomas John and Elizabeth Smith in Canton, Cardiff.

After 21 Feb 1865. St Margaret's Church, Wrenbury [Map]. Monument to Stapleton Cotton 1st Viscount Combermere (deceased) sculpted by William "The Younger" Theed (age 61).

On 21 Feb 1884 Algernon George de Vere Capell 8th Earl of Essex was born to George Capell 7th Earl of Essex (age 26) and Ellenor Harriet Maria Harford (age 23).

On 21 Feb 1893 John Pettie (age 53) died.

After 21 Feb 1912. Salisbury Cathedral [Map]. Monument to James Eramus Philipps 12th Baronet and Mary Margaret Best (age 75).

James Eramus Philipps 12th Baronet: On 23 Oct 1824 he was born to James Evans Philipps 11th Baronet. Before 1860 James Eramus Philipps 12th Baronet and Mary Margaret Best were married. In 1873 James Evans Philipps 11th Baronet died. His son James Eramus Philipps 12th Baronet succeeded 12th Baronet Philips of Picton Castle. In 1912 James Eramus Philipps 12th Baronet died. His son John Wynford Philipps 1st Viscount St Davids succeeded 13th Baronet Philips of Picton Castle.

Mary Margaret Best: Around 1837 she was born. On 05 Sep 1913 she died.

On 21 Feb 1919 Sidney Spencer (age 28) died at a Military Hospital in Hounslow. He was buried at St Andrews Church, Barnwell [Map]. Service No. 3/8575. 3rd Bn. Northamptonshire Regiment transf. to (464013), 660th Agricultural Coy. Labour Corps.

Sidney Spencer: Around 1891 he was born.

On 21 Feb 1938 George Charles Beresford (age 73) died.

Births on the 21st February

On 21 or 24 Feb 1244 Louis Capet was born to King Louis IX of France (age 29) and Margaret Provence Queen Consort France (age 23). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 21 Feb 1276 Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon was born.

On 21 Feb 1276 Thomas de Multon 1st Baron Multon was born.

Before 21 Feb 1363 Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 22) and Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster (age 17) at Burford, Shropshire [Map]. She a granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 21 Feb 1397 Isabella Aviz Duchess Burgundy was born to King John I of Portugal (age 45) and Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal (age 36). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 21 Feb 1462 Joanna "La Beltraneja" Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal was born to Henry IV King Castile (age 37) and Joan Aviz Queen Consort Castile (age 22). Her nickname "La Beltraneja" a reference to her supposed illegitimacy; she was suspected of being the child of Beltrán de la Cueva 1st Duke of Alburquerque (age 19). She was Henry and Joan's only child. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 11.39%.

On 21 Feb 1499 Edmund Tudor 1st Duke of Somerset was born to King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 42) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England (age 33) at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich [Map] being their sixth child. On 24 Feb 1499 he was christened at the Church of the Observant Friars, Greenwich [Map]. His godparents were Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond (age 55), Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham (age 21) and Bishop Richard Foxe (age 51), then Bishop of Durham. He is believed to have been was created 1st Duke Somerset on the same day although there is no documentation.

In 1503 John Mason was born at Abingdon. Illegitimate. He was either the son of a cowherd and a sister of Abbot Thomas Pentecost aka Rowland, or a son of Abbot Thomas Pentecost aka Rowland who played an important role in John's education sending him to All Souls College, Oxford University where he became a Fellow in 1521, was awarded BA on 08 Jul 1521 and MA on 21 Feb 1525.

On 21 Feb 1507 James Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay was born to King James IV of Scotland (age 33) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 17) at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood. He a grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 21 Feb 1572 Bridget Manners was born to John Manners 4th Earl of Rutland (age 21) and Elizabeth Charlton Countess Rutland (age 19).

Around 21 Feb 1575 Claude of Lorraine was born to Charles "The Great" Lorraine III Duke Lorraine (age 32) and Claude Valois Duchess Lorraine (age 27). She died a year later. Her mother (age 27) died in childbirth. She had given birth to nine children during the course of her sixteen year marriage; she was married aged twelve.

On 21 Feb 1594 John Ernest Wettin I Duke Saxe Weimar was born to Johann Wettin II Duke Saxe Weimar (age 23) and Dorothea Maria Anhalt at Altenburg.

On 21 Feb 1623 Godfrey Copley 1st Baronet was born to William Copley (age 18).

On 21 Feb 1643 Sophie Saxe Gotha was born to Ernest "The Pious" Saxe Gotha I Duke Saxe Gotha (age 41) and Elisabeth Sophie Saxe Altenburg Duchess Saxe Gotha (age 23) at Gotha. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.17%.

On 21 Feb 1648 Mary Nugent Viscountess Barnewall was born to Richard Nugent 2nd Earl of Westmeath (age 28) and Mary Nugent (age 25).

On 21 Feb 1695 Anthony Grey 1453-1490 was born to Henry Grey 1st Duke Kent (age 24) and Jemima Crew Marchioness Kent (age 20).

On 21 Feb 1707 Margaret Cadogan was born to William Cadogan 1st Earl Cadogan (age 35) and Margaret Cecilia Munter Countess Cadogan.

On 21 Feb 1722 Robert Manners-Sutton was born to John Manners 3rd Duke Rutland (age 25) and Bridget Sutton Duchess Rutland (age 22).

On 21 Feb 1764 John Townshend 2nd Viscount Sydney was born to Thomas Townshend 1st Viscount Sydney (age 30) and Elizabeth Powys Viscountess Sydney (age 27).

On 21 Feb 1778 Thomas Buckler Lethbridge 2nd Baronet was born to John Lethbridge 1st Baronet (age 32) and Dorothea Buckler.

On 21 Feb 1783 John Eardley-Wilmot 1st Baronet was born to John Eardley-Wilmot (age 35).

On 21 Feb 1783 Princess Katharina Friederike Württemberg was born to King Frederick Wilhelm Karl Württemberg (age 28) and Augusta Caroline Brunswick Bevern (age 18). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 21 Feb 1798 Reverend Edmund Luttrell Stuart was born to Archibald Stuart (age 27).

On 21 Feb 1801 Cardinal John Henry Newman was born to John Newman (age 34) and Jemima Fourdrinier (age 28).

On 21 Feb 1801 William Hay 18th Earl Erroll was born to William Hay 17th Earl Erroll (age 28) and Alicia Eliot Countess Erroll (age 26).

On 21 Feb 1806 William David Murray 4th and 3rd Earl Mansfield was born to David William Murray 3rd Earl of Mansfield (age 28) and Frederica Markham Countess Mansfield (age 32).

On 21 Feb 1826 William Rickford Astley Cooper was born to Astley Paston Cooper 2nd Baronet (age 28) and Elizabeth Harriet Rickford Lady Cooper (age 23).

On 21 Feb 1828 Arthur Purey Cust was born to William Cust (age 41) and Sophia Newnham.

On 21 Feb 1829 Horatio Andrew Walpole was born to Francis Walpole (age 34) and Elizabeth Knight (age 30).

On 21 Feb 1829 Mountstuart Grant Duff was born.

On 21 Feb 1830 William Richard Annesley 4th Earl Annesley was born to William Richard Annesley 3rd Earl Annesley (age 57) and Priscilla Cecilia Moore (age 21).

On 21 Feb 1831 Edward Henry Petre was born to Henry William Petre (age 39) and Adeliza Maria Howard. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.13%.

On 21 Feb 1860 William Goscombe John was born to Thomas John and Elizabeth Smith in Canton, Cardiff.

On 21 Feb 1863 Colonel Richard Hamilton Rawson was born.

On 21 Feb 1871 Osbert Molyneux 6th Earl Sefton was born to William Molyneux 4th Earl Sefton (age 35) and Cecil Emily Jolliffe (age 33).

On 21 Feb 1884 Algernon George de Vere Capell 8th Earl of Essex was born to George Capell 7th Earl of Essex (age 26) and Ellenor Harriet Maria Harford (age 23).

On 21 Feb 1888 George Brodrick was born to William St John Brodrick 1st Earl of Midleton (age 31) and Hilda Charteris (age 34).

On 21 Feb 1896 Richard Hugh Jessel was born to Charles James Jessel 1st Baronet (age 35) and Edith Goldsmid Lady Jessel.

On 21 Feb 1921 Ashley Ponsonby 2nd Baronet was born to Charles Edward Ponsonby 1st Baronet (age 41) and Winifred Gibbs (age 33).

On 21 Feb 1923 Charles James Ruthven Howard 12th Earl Carlisle was born to George Josslyn L'Estrange Howard 11th Earl Carlisle (age 28) and Bridget Helen "Biddy" Ruthven Countess Carlisle (age 26).

On 21 Feb 1953 Lucy Corinna Agneta Sidney Baroness Middleton was born to William Philip Sidney 1st Viscount de l'Isle (age 43) and Jacqueline Vereker Countess de l'Isle (age 38). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King William IV of the United Kingdom.

Marriages on the 21st February

On 21 Feb 1402 Anthony Valois Duke Brabant (age 17) and Jeanne Luxemburg Duchess Brabant were married at Arras. She by marriage Duchess Brabant. He the son of Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy (age 60) and Margaret Dampierre Duchess Burgundy (age 54). They were half third cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 21 Feb 1421 Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby (age 36) and Elizabeth Montagu Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 21) were married. She by marriage Baroness Willoughby de Eresby. She the daughter of John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury and Maud Francis Countess of Salisbury (age 57). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 21 Feb 1474 Philip Elector Palatinate (age 25) and Margaret of Bavaria (age 17) were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 21 Feb 1491 Patrick Hepburn 1st Earl Bothwell (age 39) and Margaret Gordon Countess Bothwell were married. She by marriage Countess Bothwell. She the daughter of George Gordon 2nd Earl Huntley (age 35).

On 21 Feb 1497 Edmund Braye 1st Baron Braye (age 13) and Jane Halwell Baroness Bray were married. She by marriage Baroness Braye.

Before 21 Feb 1498 Ralph Neville and Edith Sandys Baroness were married. He the son of Ralph Neville 3rd Earl of Westmoreland (age 42) and Isabel Booth. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England.

After 21 Feb 1575 James Leslie Master of Rothes and Margaret Lindsay (age 24) were married. The difference in their ages was 29 years; she, unusually, being older than him. He the son of Andrew Leslie 5th Earl Rothes (age 34).

After 21 Feb 1587 George Shirley 1st Baronet (age 27) and Frances Berkeley (age 23) were married.

On 21 Feb 1630 Frederick III Duke of Holstein Gottorp (age 32) and Marie Elisabeth of Saxony Duchess Holstein Gottorp (age 19) were married. She the daughter of John George Wettin Elector Saxony (age 44).

On 21 Feb 1632 Edward Phelips (age 19) and Anne Pye were married.

On 21 Feb 1635 Arthur Haselrigge 2nd Baronet (age 34) and Dorothy Greville were married. They had three sons and five daughters.

After 21 Feb 1654 William Meredith 1st Baronet (age 51) and Mary Goring Lady Meredith were married. She by marriage Lady Meredith of Stainsley in Denbighshire.

On 21 Feb 1660 Robert Sutton 1st Baron Lexinton (age 65) and Mary St Leger Baroness Lexington (age 20) were married. She by marriage Baroness Lexinton. The difference in their ages was 45 years.

Before 21 Feb 1668 John Thurloe (age 51) and Anne Lytcott were married.

On or after 21 Feb 1696 William Paul (age 23) and Catherine Fane were married. She the daughter of Vere Fane 4th Earl of Westmoreland and Rachel Bence Countess of Westmoreland.

On 21 Feb 1722 George Neville 14th and 12th Baron Bergavenny (age 19) and Elizabeth Thorneycroft Baroness Bergavenny were married. She by marriage Baroness Bergavenny. He the son of George Neville 13th and 11th Baron Bergavenny and Anne Walker Countess De La Warr.

On 21 Feb 1722 William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle (age 19) and Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle (age 18) were married at Caversham, Reading. She by marriage Countess Albermarle. She the daughter of Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond (age 49) and Anne Brudenell Duchess Richmond (age 51). He the son of Arnold Keppel 1st Earl Albermarle and Geertruid Johanna Quirina Van Der Duyn Countess Albermarle. She a granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Around 21 Feb 1723 Jacob Astley 3rd Baronet (age 31) and Lucy L'Estrange (age 24) were married. They were second cousins.

On 21 Feb 1747 Samuel Greatheed and Mary Bertie were married. She the daughter of Peregrine Bertie 2nd Duke Ancaster and Kesteven and Jane Brownlow Duchess Ancaster and Kesteven.

On 21 Feb 1759 John Murray 4th Earl Dunmore (age 29) and Charlotte Stewart Countess Dunmore (age 29) were married. She the daughter of Alexander Stewart 6th Earl Galloway (age 65) and Catherine Cochrane Countess Galloway (age 50). He the son of William Murray 3rd Earl Dunmore.

On 21 Feb 1789 Richard Edgecumbe 2nd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe (age 24) and Sophia Hobart Countess Mount Edgcumbe (age 21) were married. She the daughter of John Hobart 2nd Earl Buckinghamshire (age 65) and Mary Anne Drury Countess Buckinghamshire. He the son of George Edgecumbe 1st Earl of Mount Edgcumbe (age 68) and Emma Gilbert Countess Mount Edgcumbe.

On 21 or 23 Feb 1789 Joseph Strutt (age 30) and Charlotte Fitzgerald 1st Baroness Rayleigh (age 30) were married. She the daughter of James Fitzgerald 1st Duke Leinster and Emilia Mary Lennox Duchess Leinster (age 57). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 21 Feb 1865 Arthur Saunders Gore 5th Earl Arran (age 26) and Edith Jocelyn Countess Arran (age 20) were married. He the son of Philip Gore 4th Earl Arran (age 63) and Elizabeth Marianne Napier Countess Arran (age 45).

On 21 Feb 1877 Cecil George Savile Foljambe 1st Earl Liverpool (age 30) and Susan Louisa Cavendish Countess Liverpool were married. She was a first cousin of his first wife Louise Blanche Howard.

On 21 Feb 1933 Charles Francis Sweeny (age 23) and Margaret Whigham (age 20) were married at the Brompton Oratory.

Barbara "Baba" Beaton (age 21) and Bridget Poulet (age 21) were bridesmaids.

Hartford Courant:

Miss Margaret Whigham, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Hay Whlgham or Ascot, England, was married in London Tuesday to Mr. Charles Sweeney, young American golfer, in Brompton Oratory. This famous Catholic church was thronged with fashionable guests. Outside another crowd, composed largely of women eager to see the brlde, was so large that forty policemen had great difficulty in maintaining traffic lines.

The bride arrived few minutes late. She wore a pearl white satin gown embroidered with pearls. The eighteen-foot train was edged with cloud-like layers or pearl-embroidered silk net. Her veil or tulle, fitted closely like a cap, was held with a narrow filet of pearl leaves interwoven with orange blossoms. She carried a bouquet or white lilies.

There were nine bridesmaids. All dressed in whitc with wreaths or red flowers. Thcy were Lady Bridget Poulett (age 21) and Miss Shelia Berry, Miss Jeanne Stourton, Miss Margaret Livingstone-Learmouth, Miss Baba Beaton (age 21), Miss Angela Brett, Miss Dawn Gold, Miss Molly Vaughan and Miss Pamela Nicholl. The ushers included the Earl of Birkenhead (age 25) and Mr. Randolph Churchill (age 21).

The bride was given by her father, who is connected with an American business firm, The best man was Mr. Robert Sweeney, brother of the bridegroom. Mrs. Whlghnm, who has a home at 55 Princeiss Gate, gave the wedding reception. The couple then departcd for Paris. Later they will cruise in the West Indies.

Among the many wedding presents were a pair of gold cuff! links for the bridegroom from the Prlnce of Wales, who last year selected Mr. Sweeney, then captain of the Oxford University golf team, as his partner in the Navy and Royal Marines golf tournament. Mr. Sweeney first played golf here as an American schoolboy in the boys amateur golf championship, which he was runner-up. His brother also attended Oxford and frequently was his golf partner.

Deaths on the 21st February

On 21 Feb 1034 Hawise Normandy Countess Rennes died.

On 21 Feb 1151 Pedro de Atarés Jiménez (age 68) died.

On 21 Feb 1437 King James I of Scotland (age 42) was assassinated at Blackfriars. He was buried at Carthusian Charterhouse, Perth. His son King James II of Scotland (age 6) succeeded II King Scotland. His wife, Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland (age 33), managed to escape.

On 21 Feb 1458 Pierre Savoy (age 18) died at Turin.

Before 21 Feb 1497 Isabella Sibbald Countess Angus died.

On 21 Feb 1528 Margaret Molyneux (age 80) died.

On 21 Feb 1531 Robert Aske (age 66) died.

On 21 Feb 1531 Elizabeth Clifford (age 70) died at Tufton, Cumberland.

On 21 Feb 1545 Mary Parker (age 23) died.

On 21 Feb 1549 Richard Gresham (age 64) died.

On 21 Feb 1554 Sybille La Marck (age 42) died.

On 21 Feb 1565 Federico Gonzaga died.

On 21 Feb 1581 Robert Keilway (age 84) died. His only child Anne Keilway Baroness Harington (age 27) and her husband John Harington 1st Baron Harington (age 41) inherited the Minster Lovell, Oxfordshire [Map] and Coombe Abbey [Map] estates.

On 21 Feb 1589 William Somerset 3rd Earl of Worcester (age 63) died at Hackney. He was buried at Church of St Cadoc Raglan, Monmouthshire. His son Edward Somerset 4th Earl of Worcester (age 39) succeeded 4th Earl Worcester.

On 21 Feb 1590 Ambrose Dudley 3rd Earl Warwick (age 60) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Warwick [Map]. Earl Warwick and Baron Lisle extinct.

Between 14 Feb 1614 and 21 Feb 1614 Catherine Jerningham (age 65) died.

On 21 Feb 1624 John Adolph Oldenburg (age 47) died.

On 21 Feb 1639 Thomas Darcy (age 53) died.

On 21 Feb 1651 John Brydges 2nd Baronet (age 27) died. His son James Brydges 8th Baron Chandos (age 8) succeeded 3rd Baronet Brydges of Wilton in Herefordshire.

On 21 Feb 1654 Susannah Barker of London Lady Meredith (age 64) died. She was buried at St Nicholas Church, Leeds where there is an inscription: "Here lyeth also the Body of the Hon'ble Sir W. Meredith (age 51), late of this Parish, Baronet, son of the above mentioned Sir Wm Meredith and Jane his wife. He married first Susanna (age 64), ye daughter of Francis Barker of London, Esq., by whom he had 6 sons and 6 daughters. She dyed Feb. 21, 1654, and lyes interrd in this place. After whose death he married Mary, daughter of Henry Goring of Hydown in the County of Sussex, Esq., and relict of Thomas Aynscombe of Mayfeild [sic] in the same County, Esq. He died the 10th of April 1675, in the 72nd year of his age, full of days and honour."

On 21 Feb 1662 John Stawell (age 61) died.

On 21 Feb 1668 John Thurloe (age 51) died.

On 21 Feb 1677 Louis Henri Bourbon Condé (age 3) died.

On 21 Feb 1684 Hugh May (age 62) died.

On 21 Feb 1689 Isaac Vossius Scholar (age 71) died.

On 21 Feb 1698 Gabriel More (age 63) died.

On 21 Feb 1698 Pury Cust (age 43) died.

On 21 Feb 1703 George Oxenden (age 51) died.

On 21 Feb 1719 Thomas Clifford Earl Newburgh (age 32) died.

On 21 Feb 1728 Margaret Cecil Countess Ranelagh (age 56) died.

On 21 Feb 1728 St John Brodrick (age 43) died.

On 21 Feb 1732 Maria Wilson aka Burrill (age 63) died. She was buried at St Mary’s Church, Sprotbrough [Map].

Maria Wilson aka Burrill: In 1669 she was born. Before 05 Nov 1709 Lionel Copley and she were married.

On 21 Feb 1736 Walter Chetwynd 1st Viscount Chetwynd (age 57) died. His brother John Chetwynd 2nd Viscount Chetwynd (age 54) succeeded 2nd Viscount Chetwynd of Bearhaven in Kerry. Esther Kent Viscountess Chetwynd (age 36) by marriage Viscountess Chetwynd of Bearhaven in Kerry.

On 21 Feb 1746 Elizabeth Parker Lady Heathcote (age 46) died.

On 21 Feb 1759 Michael Ward (age 76) died.

On 21 Feb 1774 Dorothy Grosvenor Baroness Curzon died.

On 21 Feb 1784 Admiral Robert Harland 1st Baronet (age 69) died. His son Robert Harland 2nd Baronet (age 19) succeeded 2nd Baronet Harland of Sproughton in Suffolk.

On 21 Feb 1792 Gorges Lowther (age 78) died.

On 04 Feb 1794 Charles Trevor Roper 18th Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 49) died. His sister Gertrude Trevor Roper 19th Baroness Dacre Gilsland (age 43) succeeded 19th Baroness Dacre Gilsland. Thomas Brand Baron Dacre (age 44) by marriage Baron Dacre Gilsland albeit for seventeen days only since he died on 21 Feb 1794.

On 21 Feb 1794 Thomas Brand Baron Dacre (age 44) died.

On 21 Feb 1813 Mary Brudenell (age 96) died.

On 21 Feb 1813 William Bentinck (age 48) died.

On 21 Feb 1814 Amelia Sophia Hume Countess Brownlow (age 25) died.

Before 21 Feb 1826 Leonard Parkinson (age 45) died. His will, proved 21 Feb 1826, left his property in Britain and Jamaica to [his brother] Richard Parkinson (age 44).

On 21 Feb 1835 John Lumley-Savile 7th Earl Scarborough (age 74) died. His son John Lumley-Savile 8th Earl Scarborough (age 46) succeeded 8th Earl Scarborough, 9th Viscount Lumley.

On 21 Feb 1836 Bishop William van Mildert (age 70) died.

On 21 Feb 1839 John Charles Felix Rossi (age 76) died.

On 21 Feb 1850 Mary Wellesley MacTavish (age 24) died in Paris [Map].

On 21 Feb 1862 Sarah Otway-Cave 3rd Baroness Braye (age 93) died. Baron Braye abeyant.

On 21 Feb 1869 William Davenport Davenport (age 57) died.

On 21 Feb 1871 Louisa Anne Murray Lady Thirkleby (age 80) died. She was buried at All Saints Church, Thirkleby [Map].

On 21 Feb 1873 Charles Rowland Palmer Morewood (age 53) died.

On 21 Feb 1874 Byron Charles Ferdinand Plantagenet Cary (age 65) died.

On 21 Feb 1874 John Greenwood (age 53) died at Grosvenor Hotel Pimlico.

On 21 Feb 1875 Catherine Pleydell-Bouverie (age 73) died.

On 21 Feb 1877 Reinfric Edwards Arundell (age 72) died.

On 21 Feb 1878 Lieutenant-Colonel John Towneley (age 72) died.

On 21 Feb 1893 John Pettie (age 53) died.

On 21 Feb 1898 Rachel Evelyn Russell (age 71) died.

On 21 Feb 1901 Augusta Selina Sturt died.

On 21 Feb 1903 Kate Vaughan (age 51) died.

On 21 Feb 1919 Sidney Spencer (age 28) died at a Military Hospital in Hounslow. He was buried at St Andrews Church, Barnwell [Map]. Service No. 3/8575. 3rd Bn. Northamptonshire Regiment transf. to (464013), 660th Agricultural Coy. Labour Corps.

Sidney Spencer: Around 1891 he was born.

On 21 Feb 1935 Cecil Suamarez Irby (age 73) died.

On 21 Feb 1938 George Charles Beresford (age 73) died.

On 21 Feb 1951 Robert Disney Leith Alexander 16th Baron Cobham (age 65) died. Baron Cobham abeyant.

On 21 Feb 1952 Margaret Louise Anderson died.

On 21 Feb 1957 Mary Louise Douglas Hamilton Duchess Montrose (age 72) died.

On 21 Feb 1959 Gerald Berkeley Villiers (age 73) died.

On 21 Feb 1960 Edwina Ashley Countess Mountbatten Burma (age 58) died.