On this Day in History ... 21 February

21 Feb is in February.

1437 Assassination of King James I of Scotland

1547 Coronation of Edward VI

1668 Hamilton-Mohun Duel

1685-1699 Glorious Revolution

On 21 Feb 1276 Thomas de Multon 1st Baron Multon was born.

On 21 Feb 1276 Thomas Multon 1st Baron Multon was born.

On 21 Feb 1402 Anthony Valois Duke Brabant (age 17) and Jeanne Luxemburg Duchess Brabant were married at Arras. Jeanne Luxemburg Duchess Brabant by marriage Duchess Brabant. He the son of Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy (age 60) and Margaret Dampierre Duchess Burgundy (age 54). They were half third cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 21 Feb 1421 Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby (age 36) and Elizabeth Montagu Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 21) were married. She by marriage Baroness Willoughby de Eresby. She the daughter of John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury and Maud Francis Countess of Salisbury (age 57). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Assassination of King James I of Scotland

On 21 Feb 1437 King James I of Scotland (age 42) was assassinated at Blackfriars. He was buried at Carthusian Charterhouse, Perth. His son King James II of Scotland (age 6) succeeded II King Scotland. His wife, Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland (age 33), managed to escape.

On 21 Feb 1497 Edmund Braye 1st Baron Braye (age 13) and Jane Halwell Baroness Bray were married. She by marriage Baroness Braye.

On 21 Feb 1499 Edmund Tudor 1st Duke Somerset was born to King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 42) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England (age 33) at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich [Map] being their sixth child. On 24 Feb 1499 he was christened at the Church of the Observant Friars [Map]. His godparents were Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond (age 55), Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham (age 21) and Bishop Richard Foxe (age 51), then Bishop of Durham. He is believed to have been was created 1st Duke Somerset 3C 1499 on the same day although there is no documentation.

In 1503 John Mason was born at Abingdon. Illegitimate. He was either the son of a cowherd and a sister of Abbot Thomas Pentecost aka Rowland, or a son of Abbot Thomas Pentecost aka Rowland who played an important role in John's education sending him to All Souls College, Oxford University where he became a Fellow in 1521, was awarded BA on 08 Jul 1521 and MA on 21 Feb 1525.

On 21 Feb 1507 James Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay was born to King James IV of Scotland (age 33) and Margaret Tudor Queen Scotland (age 17) at Holyrood Palace, Holyrood. He a grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.


Coronation of Edward VI

Wriothesley's Chronicle. The 21st daie was great justes with runninge at the tilt, and the 22th daie was fighting and turninge at the barriors, where was many noble feates donne.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 21 Feb 1561. The xxj day of Feybruary dyd pryche a-for the quen (age 27) and the consell master Skamler (age 41), the new bishop of Peterborow in ys chymner and ys whyt rochet.

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PAINTINGS/CLOUET/Claude_of_France.jpgBefore 21 Feb 1575. François Clouet. Portrait of Claude Valois Duchess Lorraine (age 27).

Claude Valois Duchess Lorraine: On 12 Nov 1547 she was born to King Henry II of France (age 28) and Catherine Medici Queen Consort France (age 28). In 1559 Charles "The Great" Lorraine III Duke Lorraine (age 15) and Claude Valois Duchess Lorraine (age 11) were married. Claude Valois Duchess Lorraine by marriage Duchess Lorraine. She the daughter of King Henry II of France (age 39) and Catherine Medici Queen Consort France (age 39). He the son of Francis Lorraine I Duke Lorraine and Christina Oldenburg Duchess Lorraine (age 37). They were fourth cousins.

On 21 Feb 1581 Robert Keilway (age 84) died. His only child Anne Keilway Baroness Harington (age 27) and her husband John Harington 1st Baron Harington (age 41) inherited the Minster Lovell [Map] and Coombe Abbey [Map] estates.


After 21 Feb 1581. Church of St Peter and St Paul, Exton, Rutlandshire [Map]. Elizabethan Period monument to Robert Keilway (deceased). This memorial is attributed by Pevsner to Nicholas Johnson and by others to Nicholas Stone. Made of various marbles, a large standing wall monument of 1580, richly decorated and with a recumbant and kneeling figures of the whole family, in an aedicule, capped by obelisk, arms, etc.

His son-in-law John Harington 1st Baron Harington (age 41).

His daughter Anne Keilway Baroness Harington (age 27).

His grandson Kelwey who died aged 21 weeks.

His grand-daughter Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford (age 1).

His feet resting on a horse with its head turned back.

A Harpy. The begin to appear at the end of the 16th Century - see All Saints Church, Turvey [Map].

The same armorial on both sides include Harrington Arms, Keilway Arms

His arms quartered 1: Keilway Arms.

A separate wall mounted monument to Robert Keilway (age 84) with the inscription "Here lies Robert Keylway a distinguished esquire among civilians (whilst he lived), renowned for talent, learning and virtue, who loved retirement, lived as a Christian and died in the Lord on the 21st of February 1581 in the year of our Salvation, 1580, and the 84th year of his age. He left Anne (age 27) his sole heiress and only dearly loved daughter married to John Harrington of Exton, Knt (age 41), whom he had always affectionately loved as a son and friend, by which Anne (age 27) the said John (age 41) had during the life of the aforesaid Robert (deceased) two children, a son, Kelwey, who died Dec. 2nd, 1570, 21 weeks old, and lies buried here with his grandfather, and also a daughter Lucy (age 1) still surviving, and may God grant her a long life. To pay, therefore, a just tribute to so dear and affectionate a parent and to leave to posterity an evidence of their deep gratitude, the said John (age 41) and Anne (age 27) have raised this. Monument and dedicated to their father, Keylwey, and their son Keylwey (to their lasting memory if it so please God) and design it, if God will, as a sepulchre for themselves also".

On 21 Feb 1589 William Somerset 3rd Earl of Worcester (age 63) died at Hackney. He was buried at Church of St Cadoc Raglan. His son Edward Somerset 4th Earl of Worcester (age 39) succeeded 4th Earl Worcester 5C 1514.

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On 21 Feb 1651 John Brydges 2nd Baronet (age 27) died. His son James Brydges 8th Baron Chandos (age 8) succeeded 3rd Baronet Brydges of Wilton in Herefordshire.

On 21 Feb 1660 Robert Sutton 1st Baron Lexinton (age 65) and Mary St Leger Baroness Lexington (age 20) were married. She by marriage Baroness Lexinton. The difference in their ages was 45 years.

Hamilton-Mohun Duel

Pepy's Diary. 21 Feb 1668. Thence with Brouncker and T. Harvey to Westminster Hall [Map], and there met with Colonel Birch (age 52) and Sir John Lowther, and did there in the lobby read over what I have drawn up for our defence, wherein they own themselves mightily satisfied; and Birch (age 52), like a particular friend, do take it upon him to defend us, and do mightily do me right in all his discourse. Here walked in the Hall with him a great while, and discoursed with several members, to prepare them in our business against to-morrow, and meeting my cozen Roger Pepys (age 50), he showed me Granger's written confession1, of his being forced by imprisonment, &c., by my Lord Gerard (age 50), most barbarously to confess his forging of a deed in behalf of Fitton (age 38), in the great case between him [Fitton] and my Lord Gerard (age 50); which business is under examination, and is the foulest against my Lord Gerard (age 50) that ever any thing in the world was, and will, all do believe, ruine him; and I shall be glad of it.

Note 1. Pepys here refers to the extraordinary proceedings which occurred between Charles, Lord Gerard (age 50), and Alexander Fitton (age 38), of which a narrative was published at the Hague in 1665. Granger was a witness in the cause, and was afterwards said to be conscience-stricken from his perjury. Some notice of this case will be found in North's "Examen", p. 558; but the copious and interesting note in Ormerod's "History of Cheshire", Vol. iii., p. 291, will best satisfy the reader, who will not fail to be struck by the paragraph with which it is closed-viz., "It is not improbable that Alexander Fitton (age 38), who, in the first instance, gained rightful possession of Gawsworth [Map] under an acknowledged settlement, was driven headlong into unpremeditated guilt by the production of a revocation by will which Lord Gerard (age 50) had so long concealed. Having lost his own fortune in the prosecution of his claims, he remained in gaol till taken out by James II to be made Chancellor of Ireland (under which character Hume first notices him), was knighted, and subsequently created Lord Gawsworth after the abdication of James, sat in his parliament in Dublin in 1689, and then is supposed to have accompanied his fallen master to France. Whether the conduct of Fitton was met, as he alleges, by similar guilt on the part of Lord Gerard (age 50), God only can judge; but his hand fell heavily on the representatives of that noble house. In less than half a century the husbands of its two co-heiresses, James, Duke of Hamilton (age 9), and Charles, Lord Mohun, were slain by each other's hands in a murderous duel arising out of a dispute relative to the partition of the Fitton estates, and Gawsworth itself passed to an unlineal hand, by a series of alienations complicated beyond example in the annals of this country". B. .

Evelyn's Diary. 21 Feb 1689. The Archbishop of Canterbury (age 72) and some of the rest, on scruple of conscience and to salve the oaths they had taken, entered their protests and hung off, especially the Archbishop, who had not all this while so much as appeared out of Lambeth [Map]. This occasioned the wonder of many who observed with what zeal they contributed to the Prince's (age 38) expedition, and all the while also rejecting any proposals of sending again to the absent King (age 55); that they should now raise scruples, and such as created much division among the people, greatly rejoicing the old courtiers, and especially the Papists.


Evelyn's Diary. 21 Feb 1689. I saw the new Queen (age 26) and King (age 38), with great acclamation and general good reception. Bonfires, bells, guns, etc. It was believed that both, especially the Princess (age 26), would have shown some (seeming) reluctance at least, of assuming her father's (age 55) crown, and made some apology, testifying by her regret that he should by his mismanagement necessitate the nation to so extraordinary a proceeding, which would have shown very handsomely to the world, and according to the character given of her piety; consonant also to her husband's (age 38) first declaration, that there was no intention of deposing the King (age 55), but of succoring the nation; but nothing of all this appeared; she came into Whitehall laughing and jolly, as to a wedding, so as to seem quite transported. She rose early the next morning, and in her undress, as it was reported, before her women were up, went about from room to room to see the convenience of Whitehall; lay in the same bed and apartment where the late Queen (age 30) lay, and within a night or two sat down to play at basset, as the Queen (age 30), her predecessor used to do. She smiled upon and talked to everybody, so that no change seemed to have taken place at Court since her last going away, save that infinite crowds of people thronged to see her, and that she went to our prayers. This carriage was censured by many. She seems to be of a good nature, and that she takes nothing to heart: while the Prince (age 38), her husband, has a thoughtful countenance, is wonderfully serious and silent, and seems to treat all persons alike gravely, and to be very intent on affairs: Holland, Ireland, and France calling for his care.

Evelyn's Diary. 21 Feb 1689. Another objection was, the invalidity of what was done by a convention only, and the as yet unabrogated laws; this drew them to make themselves on the 22d a Parliament, the new King (age 38) passing the act with the crown on his head. The lawyers disputed, but necessity prevailed, the government requiring a speedy settlement.

1685-1699 Glorious Revolution

Evelyn's Diary. 21 Feb 1689. Dr. Burnet (age 45) preached at St. James's on the obligation to walk worthy of God's particular and signal deliverance of the nation and church.

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On 21 Feb 1695 Anthony Grey 1453-1490 was born to Henry Grey 1st Duke Kent (age 24) and Jemima Crew Marchioness Kent (age 20).


After 21 Feb 1698. Monument to Gabriel More (deceased) at St Wulfram's Church Grantham [Map].

Gabriel More: Around 1635 he was born. On 21 Feb 1698 Gabriel More (age 63) died.

On 21 Feb 1722 George Neville 14th and 12th Baron Bergavenny (age 19) and Elizabeth Thorneycroft Baroness Bergavenny were married. She by marriage Baroness Bergavenny.

On 21 Feb 1722 William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle (age 19) and Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle (age 18) were married at Caversham, Reading. Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle by marriage Countess Albermarle. She the daughter of Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond (age 49) and Anne Brudenell Duchess Richmond (age 51). He the son of Arnold Keppel 1st Earl Albermarle and Geertruid Johanna Quirina Van Der Duyn Countess Albermarle. She a granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

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On 21 Feb 1736 Walter Chetwynd 1st Viscount Chetwynd (age 57) died. His brother John Chetwynd 2nd Viscount Chetwynd (age 54) succeeded 2nd Viscount Chetwynd of Bearhaven in Kerry. Esther Kent Viscountess Chetwynd (age 36) by marriage Viscountess Chetwynd of Bearhaven in Kerry.

On 21 Feb 1759 John Murray 4th Earl Dunmore (age 29) and Charlotte Stewart Countess Dunmore (age 29) were married. She the daughter of Alexander Stewart 6th Earl Galloway (age 65) and Catherine Cochrane Countess Galloway (age 50). He the son of William Murray 3rd Earl Dunmore.

On 21 Feb 1764 John Townshend 2nd Viscount Sydney was born to Thomas Townshend 1st Viscount Sydney (age 30) and Elizabeth Powys Viscountess Sydney (age 27).


On 21 Feb 1789 Richard Edgecumbe 2nd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe (age 24) and Sophia Hobart Countess Mount Edgcumbe (age 21) were married. She the daughter of John Hobart 2nd Earl Buckinghamshire (age 65) and Mary Anne Drury Countess Buckinghamshire. He the son of George Edgecumbe 1st Earl of Mount Edgcumbe (age 68) and Emma Gilbert Countess Mount Edgcumbe.

On 21 or 23 Feb 1789 Joseph Strutt (age 30) and Charlotte Fitzgerald 1st Baroness Rayleigh (age 30) were married. She the daughter of James Fitzgerald 1st Duke Leinster and Emilia Mary Lennox Duchess Leinster (age 57). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 04 Feb 1794 Charles Trevor Roper 18th Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 49) died. His sister Gertrude Trevor Roper 19th Baroness Dacre Gilsland (age 43) succeeded 19th Baroness Dacre Gilsland. Thomas Brand Baron Dacre (age 44) by marriage Baron Dacre Gilsland 1C 1321 albeit for seventeen days only since he died on 21 Feb 1794.

On 21 Feb 1801 William Hay 18th Earl Erroll was born to William Hay 17th Earl Erroll (age 28) and Alicia Eliot Countess Erroll (age 26).

After 21 Feb 1814. Monument to Amelia Sophia Hume Countess Brownlow (deceased) in St Peter and St Paul Church, Belton [Map]. Sculpted by Antonio Canova (age 56).

On 21 Feb 1828 Arthur Purey Cust Archdeacon Buckingham was born to William Cust (age 41) and Sophia Newnham.

On 21 Feb 1830 William Richard Annesley 4th Earl Annesley was born to William Richard Annesley 3rd Earl Annesley (age 57) and Priscilla Cecilia Moore (age 21).

On 21 Feb 1835 John Lumley-Savile 7th Earl Scarborough (age 74) died. On 21 Feb 1835 His son John Lumley-Savile 8th Earl Scarborough (age 46) succeeded 8th Earl Scarborough.

On 21 Feb 1836 Bishop William van Mildert (age 70) died.

On 21 Feb 1862 Sarah Otway-Cave 3rd Baroness Braye (age 93) died. Baron Braye abeyant.

On 21 Feb 1865 Arthur Saunders Gore 5th Earl Arran (age 26) and Edith Jocelyn Countess Arran (age 20) were married. He the son of Philip Gore 4th Earl Arran (age 63) and Elizabeth Marianne Napier Countess Arran (age 45).

After 21 Feb 1865. St Margaret's Church, Wrenbury [Map]. Monument to Stapleton Cotton 1st Viscount Combermere (deceased) sculpted by William "The Younger" Theed (age 61).

On 21 Feb 1871 Osbert Molyneux 6th Earl Sefton was born to William Molyneux 4th Earl Sefton (age 35) and Cecil Emily Jolliffe (age 33).


On 21 Feb 1877 Cecil George Savile Foljambe 1st Earl Liverpool (age 30) and Susan Louisa Cavendish Countess Liverpool were married. She was a first cousin of his first wife Louise Blanche Howard.

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On 21 Feb 1888 George Brodrick was born to William St John Brodrick 1st Earl of Midleton (age 31) and Hilda Charteris (age 34).

After 21 Feb 1912. Salisbury Cathedral [Map]. Monument to James Eramus Philipps 12th Baronet and Mary Margaret Best (age 75).

James Eramus Philipps 12th Baronet: On 23 Oct 1824 he was born to James Evans Philipps 11th Baronet (age 31). Before 1860 James Eramus Philipps 12th Baronet (age 35) and Mary Margaret Best (age 22) were married. In 1873 James Evans Philipps 11th Baronet (age 80) died. His son James Eramus Philipps 12th Baronet (age 48) succeeded 12th Baronet Philips of Picton Castle. In 1912 James Eramus Philipps 12th Baronet (age 87) died. His son John Wynford Philipps 1st Viscount St Davids (age 51) succeeded 13th Baronet Philips of Picton Castle.

Mary Margaret Best: Around 1837 she was born. On 05 Sep 1913 Mary Margaret Best (age 76) died.

On 21 Feb 1919 Sidney Spencer (age 28) died at a Military Hospital in Hounslow. He was buried at St Andrews Church, Barnwell [Map]. Service No. 3/8575. 3rd Bn. Northamptonshire Regiment transf. to (464013), 660th Agricultural Coy. Labour Corps.

Sidney Spencer: Around 1891 he was born.

On 21 Feb 1923 Charles James Ruthven Howard 12th Earl Carlisle was born to George Josslyn L'Estrange Howard 11th Earl Carlisle (age 28) and Bridget Helen "Biddy" Ruthven Countess Carlisle (age 26).NOTEXT

On 21 Feb 1933 Charles Francis Sweeny (age 23) and Margaret Whigham Duchess Argyll (age 20) were married at the Brompton Oratory.

Barbara "Baba" Beaton (age 21) and Bridget Poulet (age 21) were bridesmaids.

Hartford Courant:

Miss Margaret Whigham, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Hay Whlgham or Ascot, England, was married in London Tuesday to Mr. Charles Sweeney, young American golfer, in Brompton Oratory. This famous Catholic church was thronged with fashionable guests. Outside another crowd, composed largely of women eager to see the brlde, was so large that forty policemen had great difficulty in maintaining traffic lines.

The bride arrived few minutes late. She wore a pearl white satin gown embroidered with pearls. The eighteen-foot train was edged with cloud-like layers or pearl-embroidered silk net. Her veil or tulle, fitted closely like a cap, was held with a narrow filet of pearl leaves interwoven with orange blossoms. She carried a bouquet or white lilies.

There were nine bridesmaids. All dressed in whitc with wreaths or red flowers. Thcy were Lady Bridget Poulett (age 21) and Miss Shelia Berry, Miss Jeanne Stourton, Miss Margaret Livingstone-Learmouth, Miss Baba Beaton (age 21), Miss Angela Brett, Miss Dawn Gold, Miss Molly Vaughan and Miss Pamela Nicholl. The ushers included the Earl of Birkenhead (age 25) and Mr. Randolph Churchill (age 21).

The bride was given by her father, who is connected with an American business firm, The best man was Mr. Robert Sweeney, brother of the bridegroom. Mrs. Whlghnm, who has a home at 55 Princeiss Gate, gave the wedding reception. The couple then departcd for Paris. Later they will cruise in the West Indies.

Among the many wedding presents were a pair of gold cuff! links for the bridegroom from the Prlnce of Wales, who last year selected Mr. Sweeney, then captain of the Oxford University golf team, as his partner in the Navy and Royal Marines golf tournament. Mr. Sweeney first played golf here as an American schoolboy in the boys amateur golf championship, which he was runner-up. His brother also attended Oxford and frequently was his golf partner.

On 21 Feb 1951 Robert Disney Leith Alexander 16th Baron Cobham (age 65) died. Baron Cobham 1C 1313 abeyant.