On this Day in History ... 22 September

22 Sep is in September.

1345 Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

1513 Battle of Flodden

1586 Battle of Zutphen

1761 Coronation of George III

1916 Battle of the Somme

On 22 Sep 1272 King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 33) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (age 31) left Acre for Sicily where he spent the winter convalescing. Whilst there he learned of the death of his father King Henry III of England (age 64), his uncle Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall and his eldest son John Plantagenet.

Funeral Henry 3rd Earl Lancaster

After 22 Sep 1345 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster (age 64) was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newark [Map], or possibly the Hospital Chapel, at a ceremony attended by King Edward III of England (age 32) and his wife Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 31). His son Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (age 35) subsequently moved had his remains moved to St Mary de Castro Leicester, Leicestershire [Map].

On 22 Sep 1373 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester was born to Edward Despencer 1st Baron Despencer, Baron Burghesh (age 38) and Elizabeth Burghesh Countess Kildare (age 31). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 22 Sep 1399 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 31) died of plague in Venice whilst in exile. He was buried at St Mark's Cathedral, Venice. Duke Norfolk 1C 1397 forfeit.

Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 14) succeeded 4th Earl Norfolk 3C 1312, 2nd Earl Nottingham 2C 1383, 7th Baron Mowbray 1C 1129, 8th Baron Segrave 1C 1283 and Earl Marshal.

On 22 Sep 1428 Edward "The Philosopher" I King Portugal (age 36) and Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Portugal were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Portugal. She the daughter of Ferdinand I King Aragon and Eleanor Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon (age 54). He the son of John "Good Great" I King Portugal (age 76) and Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal. They were first cousin once removed. He a great grandson of King Edward III of England.

Battle of Flodden

Calendars. 22 Sep 1513. Have sent a message full of comfort to the schismatic king, thus:

The King of Scots, of all men the most perfidious, has been killed in fair fight by the Earl of Surrey, who attacked the king's own camp in a certain forest called Bermuiwood in England, all the nobility of Scotland being slain with the king. In the conflict 10,000 Scots were slain, and as many more in the flight. The battle was fought on the 9th of this month. All the ordnance of the Scots, their tents and the rest of their baggage were taken, the course of the whole business being as follows:

On the eve of St. Bartholomew the false and perjured King of Scots invaded England, and took the castle of Norham, not without shame to certain persons, razing it to the ground. He then led his army towards Berwick, burning the villages in every direction. The Earl of Surrey, Lord Dacres, Earl Latimer (Comes Latavier), Scrope (Scopre), and other great personages of those parts had not yet mustered, but each made such haste that on the 7th of September the Earl of Surrey summoned and challenged the aforesaid perjured King of Scots to give battle on the following Friday. Such was the reliance placed by that king on his French and Scottish commanders, that he thought all England together would not dare to oppose him; but the Earl of Surrey kept his engagement and promise. Lord Howard, the admiral, having heard that the King of Scots most boastfully proclaimed that he had long sought him by land and sea, as one who from fear always fled and avoided battle, quitted the royal fleet, left a deputy in command, forthwith landed and sent a message to the perjured King of Scots that he would lead the van of the army, not on horseback, but on foot, lest he should be supposed a craven and a runaway. He moreover warned the King of Scots not to take him alive, as he had determined not to capture any Scot, however noble he might be, even were it the king himself, but to kill him; promises which were fulfilled.

Accordingly on the appointed day the army attacked the Scots, whose forces were assembled on the summit of an hill, at the distance of a mile from its base, the hill being so strengthened and defended by ordnance that the assailants were obliged to wade through a certain marshy pass, leaving the guns in the rear.

The army of the Scots formed five lines in square battalions, representing the figure of a spear head; all being equidistant from the English army, which was divided into two lines with two wings. In spite of the Scottish artillery, which inflicted little or no damage, Lord Howard marched to the foot of the hill where he halted a short time, until the other wing of the rearguard had joined the last of his lines.

Thereupon the Scots came down the hill in very good order after the German fashion, with iron spears in masses. The Earl of Huntly, the Earl of Airlie and the Earl of Crauford broke upon Lord Howard. This force all perished, including the earls.

The perjured King of Scots attacked the Earl of Surrey, at whose side Lord Darcy's son was following; near him Lord Maxwell, a Scot, with Lord Herries, his brother, were killed, and practically all the rest of the Scottish nobles, the list of whose names had not yet been received. In these two engagements no prisoners were made, no quarter given. The Earl of Hauewes and the Earl of Argyle, with a very great force attacked Sir Edward Stanley, who slew the greater part of them. Lord Edmund Howard, who led his brother's right wing, was assailed by the Chamberlain of Scotland. He was thrice felled by the Chamberlain to the disgrace of his soldiers, who were cowards, but Lord Dacres succoured him with fifty horse. The Chamberlain of Scotland alone got home alive, although like the rest he lost all his men.

After the performance of these feats the entire army of the Scots took to flight. The rout began at noon and lasted until night. The English halbardiers decided the whole affair, so that in this battle the bows and ordnance were of little use. Only one English gentleman, an obscure knight, fell; the rest of the killed did not amount to four hundred.

Of the Scots upwards of 10,000 men were captured and slain in flight, and as many were killed on the battle field.

At the time of this engagement Lord Lovel was at Nottingham with 15,000 men, on his march towards Scotland, the queen being already forty miles beyond London with 40,000.

The Scots numbered in reality 60,000 men, though there were said to be 80,000. The English were 40,000, though reported to be only 30,000; and this is the end of James, late King of Scots, of all mankind the falsest.

At the time of this engagement Lord Lovel was at Nottingham with 15,000 men, on his march towards Scotland, the queen being already forty miles beyond London with 40,000.

On 22 Sep 1557 Bishop Robert Parfew aka Warton died.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 22 Sep 1561. The xxij day of September the Quen('s) (age 28) grace cam from Enfeld [Map] unto Sant James beyond Charyng crosse, and from Ellyngtun [Map] unto Sant James was heges and dyches was cutt done the next way, and ther was a-boyff x M. pepull for to se her grace, butt yt was nyght or her grace cam over beyond Sent Gylles in the feld by Colman('s?) hege.

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On 22 Sep 1576 Cardinal Philipp Wilhelm Wittelsbach was born to William Wittelsbach V Duke Bavaria (age 27) and Renata Lorraine Duchess Bavaria (age 32). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.86%.

Battle of Zutphen

On 22 Sep 1586 Robert Sidney 1st Earl of Leicester (age 22) fought at the Battle of Zutphen. William Russell 1st Baron Russel Thornhaugh 2C 1603-1560 (age 26) distinguished himself being noted for maintaining an effective fighting force in difficult circumstances.


On or before 22 Sep 1617 James Murray 2nd Earl Tullibardine was born to Patrick Murray 1st Earl Tullibardine (age 38). He was baptised 22 Sep 1617.


Evelyn's Diary. 22 Sep 1641. I went again to Rotterdam to receive a pass which I expected from Brussels, securing me through Brabant and Flanders, designing to go into England through those countries. The Cardinal Infante (age 32), brother to the king of Spain (age 36), was then governor. By this pass, having obtained another from the Prince of Orange, upon the 24th of September I departed through Dort; but met with very bad tempestuous weather, being several times driven back, and obliged to lie at anchor off Keele, other vessels lying there waiting better weather. The 25th and 26th we made other essays; but were again repulsed to the harbour, where lay sixty vessels waiting to sail. But, on the 27th we, impatient of the time and inhospitableness of the place, sailed again with a contrary and impetuous wind and a terrible sea, in great jeopardy; for we had much ado to keep ourselves above water, the billows breaking desperately on our vessel: we were driven into Willemstad, North Brabant, a place garrisoned by the English, where the Governor of had a fair house. The works, and especially the counterscarp, are curiously hedged with quick, and planted with a stately row of limes on the rampart. The church is of a round structure, with a cupola, and the town belongs entirely to the Prince of Orange, as does that of Breda, and some other places.


After 22 Sep 1670 Basil Feilding 2nd Earl Denbigh (age 62) and Dorothy Lane Countess Denbigh were married. She by marriage Countess Denbigh. He the son of William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh and Susan Villiers Countess Denbigh.

Evelyn's Diary. 22 Sep 1671. During my stay here with Lord Arlington (age 53), near a fortnight, his Majesty (age 41) came almost every second day with the Duke (age 37), who commonly returned to Newmarket, but the King (age 41) often lay here, during which time I had twice the honor to sit at dinner with him, with all freedom. It was universally reported that the fair lady -- [Note. Probably Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth (age 22)], was bedded one of these nights, and the stocking flung, after the manner of a married bride; I acknowledge she was for the most part in her undress all day, and that there was fondness and toying with that young wanton; nay, it was said, I was at the former ceremony; but it is utterly false; I neither saw nor heard of any such thing while I was there, though I had been in her chamber, and all over that apartment late enough, and was myself observing all passages with much curiosity. However, it was with confidence believed she was first made a Miss, as they called these unhappy creatures, with solemnity at this time.

Evelyn's Diary. 22 Sep 1671. On Sunday, a young Cambridge divine preached an excellent sermon in the chapel, the King (age 41) and the Duke of York (age 37) being present.

Evelyn's Diary. 22 Sep 1686. The Danes retire from Hamburg, the Protestant Princes appearing for their succor, and the Emperor sending his minatories to the King of Denmark (age 14), and also requiring the restoration of the Duke of Saxe Gotha. Thus it pleased God to defeat the French designs, which were evidently to kindle a new war.


On 22 Sep 1735 Charles Bingham 1st Earl Lucan was born to John Bingham 5th Baronet (age 45) and Anne Vesey Lady Bingham (age 36).

On 22 Sep 1742 Charles Bennet 3rd Earl Tankerville (age 26) and Alice Astley Countess Tankerville (age 25) were married. He the son of Charles Bennet 2nd Earl Tankerville (age 44) and Camilla Colville Countess Tankerville (age 45).

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Coronation of George III

On 22 Sep 1761 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 23) was crowned III King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Charles Compton 7th Earl of Northampton (age 24) was the Bearer of the Ivory Rod with the Dove.

William Talbot 1st Earl Talbot (age 51) was appointed Lord High Steward.

Francis Hastings 10th Earl Huntingdon (age 32) was the bearer of the Sword of State although the actual Sword of State couldn't be found and the Lord Mayor's Pearl Sword was substituted.

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After 22 Sep 1773. Church of St Edmund Holme Pierrepont [Map]. Monument to Evelyn Pierrepont 2nd Duke Kingston upon Hull (deceased). Probably sculpted by John Flaxman (age 18).

On 22 Sep 1789 the second Kew Bridge [Map] was opened by King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 51).

On 22 Sep 1799 Mary Lucy Clifford Baroness Stourton was born to Charles Clifford Clifford 6th Baron Clifford Chudleigh (age 40) and Eleanor Mary Arundell Baroness Clifford Chudleigh (age 33). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.56%.

On 22 Sep 1801 William Hare 2nd Earl Listowel was born to Richard Lysaght Hare (age 28) and Catherine Dillon.

After 22 Sep 1802. Monument to Mary Davies in St Giles' Church, Wrexham [Map] sculpted by Peter Mathias Van Gelder (age 60).

On 22 Sep 1822 Robert Jenkinson 2nd Earl Liverpool (age 52) and Mary Chester Countess of Liverpool (age 45) were married. She by marriage Countess Liverpool. He the son of Charles Jenkinson 1st Earl Liverpool and Amelia Watts.


On 22 Sep 1827 William Henry Paulett 6th Earl Paulett was born to George Paulett (age 41) and Catherine Sophia Dallas (age 38).


On 22 Sep 1840 Louisa Tollemache 7th Countess Dysart (age 95) died without issue. Her grandson Lionel Tollemache 8th Earl Dysart (age 45) succeeded 8th Earl Dysart. Maria Elizabeth Toone Countess Dysart by marriage Countess Dysart.


On 22 Sep 1845 Bishop George Henry Law (age 84) died.

On 22 Sep 1846 Edward Plunkett 16th Baron Dunsany (age 37) and Anne Constance Dutton Baroness Dunsany (age 30) were married.

On 22 Sep 1868 Augustus Debonnaire John Monson 9th Baron Monson was born to Debonnaire John Monson 8th Baron Monson (age 38) and Augusta Louisa Caroline Ellis Baroness Monson (age 26).

On 22 Sep 1880 James Roche 3rd Baron Fermoy (age 29) and Frances Ellen Work Lady Fermoy (age 22) were married at Christ Church New York. They separated in 1886.

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Battle of the Somme

On 22 Sep 1916 Edward Wyndham Tennant (age 19) was killed in action at the Battle of the Somme. Sculpted by Allan Gairdner Wyon (age 34). Salisbury Cathedral [Map].

Edward Wyndham Tennant: On 01 Jul 1897 he was born to Edward Tennant 1st Baron Glenconner (age 38) and Pamela Wyndham Viscountess Grey (age 26).


On 22 Sep 1923 Josslyn Victor Hay 22nd Earl of Erroll (age 22) and Myra Idina Sackville Countess of Erroll (age 30) were married. She the daughter of Gilbert Sackville 8th Earl De La Warr and Muriel Agnes Brassey Countess De La Warr. He the son of Victor Hay 21st Earl of Erroll (age 46). He a great x 3 grandson of King William IV of the United Kingdom.