On this Day in History ... 25 February

25 Feb is in February.

1308 Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

1536 Anne Boleyn's Miscarriage

1601 Essex Rebellion

1662 Great Storm

1668 Buckingham Shrewsbury Duel

On 25 Feb 1247 Henry Luxemburg IV Duke Limburg (age 52) died. His son Waleran Luxemburg IV Duke Limburg succeeded IV Duke Limburg. His son Adolf Luxemburg VII Count Berg succeeded VII Count Berg.

Coronation of Edward II and Isabella

On 25 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (age 23) was crowned II King England at Westminster Abbey [Map] by Henry Woodlock, Bishop of Winchester. Isabella of France Queen Consort England (age 13) was crowned Queen Consort England.

Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (age 24) carried the Royal Crown.

William Marshal 1st Baron Marshal (age 30) carried the Gilt Spurs.

Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford 3rd Earl Essex (age 32) carried the Royal Sceptre.

Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster (age 27) carried the Royal Rod.

Thomas Plantagenet 2nd Earl of Leicester, 2nd Earl Lancaster, Earl of Salisbury and Lincoln (age 30) carried the sword Curtana (the sword of Edward the Confessor).

Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (age 20) carried the table bearing the Royal Robes.

Thomas Grey (age 28) and Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter (age 61) attended.

On 25 Feb 1361 William Jülich V Duke Jülich (age 62) died. His son William Jülich I Duke Jülich (age 34) succeeded I Duke Jülich. Earl Cambridge 1C 1340 extinct. The provenance of this title is vague. It isn't entirely clear when he was created Earl of Cambridge, or whether it was for life only, or if he renounced it; his son didn't succeed to it.

On 24 or 25 Feb 1382 Alexander "The Wolf of Badenoch" Stewart 3rd Earl Buchan (age 39) and Euphemia 6th Countess of Ross were married. He by marriage Earl Ross. She the daughter of William 5th Earl Ross. He the son of King Robert II of Scotland (age 65) and Elizabeth Mure Queen Consort Scotland. They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King John "Lackland" of England.

On 25 Feb 1387 John Grey aka Marmion (age 44) died in Spain. In 1400 Elizabeth St Quentin (age 53) died.

Monument in St Nicholas Church, West Tanfield [Map]. Camail and Jupon Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Hip Belt. Feathered Crest on Great Helm. Angels Supporting Pillow. His bascinet has decorated edges with the camail appearig to attach inside the bascinet. Decorated flat band. She wearing a unusual headress which appears to be a cross between Gabled Headress and Bongrace. Her dress long with a Low Rounded Neckline and appears to be decoated with an armorial: vair at the top, chevrons at the bottom, which may be Marmion Arms or a variation of.

John Grey aka Marmion: In 1343 he was born to John Grey 1st Baron Grey (age 42) and Avice Marmion Baroness Grey Rotherfield (age 34). Before 25 Feb 1387 John Grey aka Marmion (age 44) and Elizabeth St Quentin (age 40) were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Elizabeth St Quentin: Before 1347 she was born to Herbert St Quentin and Mary Lisle (age 39).

On 25 Feb 1475 Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick was born to George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 25) and Isabel Neville Duchess Clarence (age 23) at Warwick Castle [Map]. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 5.36%.

Anne Boleyn's Miscarriage

Letters 1536. 25 Feb 1536. Vienna Archives. 352. Chapuys to Granvelle.

I thank you for your good report to the ambassador of England touching what I several times wrote of Mr. Secretary Cromwell, who, as you will see by what I write to his Majesty, has formally thanked me for it. You will learn all the news here from my letters to his Majesty, save that Cromwell has told me that the French king insinuated to the King his master that the Emperor was quite content with what he had done against the duke of Savoy; and, moreover, that a Bible has been printed here in English, in which the texts that favor the Queen, especially Deut. xix., have been translated in the opposite sense. I am credibly informed that the Concubine (age 35), after her abortion, consoled her maids who wept, telling them it was for the best, because she would be the sooner with child again, and that the son she bore would not be doubtful like this one, which had been conceived during the life of the Queen; thereby acknowledging a doubt about the bastardy of her daughter. London, 25 Feb. 1535. Fr., from a modern copy, p. 1.

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Letters 1536. 25 Feb 1536. I learn from several persons of this Court that for more than three months this King has not spoken ten times to the Concubine (age 35), and that when she miscarried he scarcely said anything to her, except that he saw clearly that God did not wish to give him male children; and in leaving her he told her, as if for spite, that he would speak to her after she was "relevize1". The said Concubine (age 35) attributed the misfortune to two causes: first, the King's fall; and, secondly, that the love she bore him was far greater than that of the late Queen, so that her heart broke when she saw that he loved others [Jane Seymour (age 27)]. At which remark the King was much grieved, and has shown his feeling by the fact that during these festive days he is here, and has left the other (age 35) at Greenwich, when formerly he could not leave her for an hour.

Note 1. Possibly from 'relever' ie recovered?

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Henry Machyn's Diary. 25 Feb 1558. The xxv day of Feybruary cam rydyng to London my lade Elsabeth (age 24) the quen('s) (age 42) syster, with a gret compene of lordes and nobull men and nobull women, to here plasse calyd the Somersettplasse [Map] beyond Stron-bryge.

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On 25 Feb 1560 William Brooke 10th Baron Cobham (age 32) and Frances Newton Baroness Cobham (age 21) were married at Whitehall Palace [Map]. She by marriage Baroness Cobham. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 12 Mar 1560. [Some sources say 25 Feb 1560] Catherine Blount (deceased) died. On 11 Aug 1580 Maurice Berkeley (age 74) died. Church of St Mary, Bruton [Map]. Elizabethan Period recumbent effigies of himself and his two wives Catherine Blount (deceased) and Elizabeth Sands (age 27) in an Easter sepulchre-type recess with double round arched front, Corinthian pilasters and strapwork panels. Ruff. Panel with quartered arms 1 Berkeley Arms 2 probably Tiptoft Arms, possibly Wotton Arms 3 Unknown Arms 4 probably Babington Arms, possibly Zouche Arms differenced with a label three points, overall a Crescent.

Catherine Blount: John Champernowne and she were married. Around 1518 she was born to William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy (age 40) and Alice Keble Baroness Mountjoy. After 1541 Maurice Berkeley (age 35) and Catherine Blount (age 23) were married. Henry Machyn's Diary. 12 Mar 1560. The xij day of Marche was bered at Dyttun my lade Barkeley (deceased), the wyff of ser Mores Barthelay (age 54) knyght, with a penon of armes and a iiij dosen of skochyons, and a harold of armes, Nicholas Narboone Officer of Arms.

Elizabeth Sands: In 1533 she was born to Anthony Sands of Throwley in Kent. In 1562 Maurice Berkeley (age 56) and Elizabeth Sands (age 29) were married. The difference in their ages was 27 years. On 16 Jun 1585 Elizabeth Sands (age 52) died at Berkeley House. She was buried at the St James' Church, Clerkenwell where a monument was constructed. Before 16 Jun 1685 she was appointed Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Before 25 Feb 1591 William Brereton 1st Baron Brereton (age 41) and Margaret Savage (age 42) were married. They were third cousins.

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Essex Rebellion

On 25 Feb 1601 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex (age 35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London [Map] during the Essex Rebellion. Earl Essex 8C 1572 forfeit. It isn't cleaer whether his other titles Viscount Hereford, Baron Ferrers of Chartley and Baron Bourchier were forfiet.

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On 25 Feb 1639 Anthony Ashley-Cooper 1st Earl Shaftesbury (age 17) and Margaret Coventry were married.

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1662 Great Storm

Pepy's Diary. 25 Feb 1662. All the morning at the office. At noon with Mr. Moore to the Coffee-house, where among other things the great talk was of the effects of this late great wind; and I heard one say that he had five great trees standing together blown down; and, beginning to lop them, one of them, as soon as the lops were cut off, did, by the weight of the root, rise again and fasten. We have letters from the forest of Deane, that above 1000 Oakes and as many beeches are blown down in one walk there. And letters from my father tell me of £20 hurt done to us at Brampton.

Before 25 Feb 1663 William Crofts 1st Baron Crofts (age 52) and Dorothy Hobart (age 43) were married. They were fourth cousins. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

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Pepy's Diary. 25 Feb 1666. The Duke of Albemarle's (age 57) post is so great, having had the name of bringing in the King (age 35), that he is like to stand, or, if it were not for him, God knows in what troubles we might be from some private faction, if an army could be got into another hand, which God forbid! It is believed that though Mr. Coventry (age 38) be in appearance so great against the Chancellor (age 57), yet that there is a good understanding between the Duke and him. He dreads the issue of this year, and fears there will be some very great revolutions before his coming back again. He doubts it is needful for him to have a pardon for his last year's actions, all which he did without commission, and at most but the King's private single word for that of Bergen; but he dares not ask it at this time, lest it should make them think that there is something more in it than yet they know; and if it should be denied, it would be of very ill consequence. He says also, if it should in Parliament be enquired into the selling of Dunkirke (though the Chancellor (age 57) was the man that would have it sold to France, saying the King of Spayne had no money to give for it); yet he will be found to have been the greatest adviser of it; which he is a little apprehensive may be called upon this Parliament. He told me it would not be necessary for him to tell me his debts, because he thinks I know them so well. He tells me, that for the match propounded of Mrs. Mallett (age 15) for my Lord Hinchingbrooke (age 18), it hath been lately off, and now her friends bring it on again, and an overture hath been made to him by a servant of hers, to compass the thing without consent of friends, she herself having a respect to my Lord's family, but my Lord will not listen to it but in a way of honour. The Duke hath for this weeke or two been very kind to him, more than lately; and so others, which he thinks is a good sign of faire weather again. He says the Archbishopp of Canterbury (age 67) hath been very kind to him, and hath plainly said to him that he and all the world knows the difference between his judgment and brains and the Duke of Albemarle's (age 57), and then calls my Lady Duchesse (age 46) the veryst slut and drudge and the foulest worde that can be spoke of a woman almost.

Buckingham Shrewsbury Duel

The London Gazette 238. 25 Feb 1668. Whitehall, Feb. 25. This day His Majesty (age 37) was pleased to declare at the Board, that whereas, in contemplation of the eminent Services heretofore done to His Majesty by most of those persons who were engaged in the late Duel or Rencounter wherein William Jenkins was killed, He doth Graciously pardon the said Offence: Nevertheless, he is resolved from henceforth, that upon no pretence whatsoever, any pardon shall be hereafter granted to any person whatsoever for killing of any man, in any Duel or Rencounter but that the course of Law shall wholly take place in all such Cases; and His Majesty was pleased to command that this His solemn Declaration should be entred in the Council Book, and that publick notice of it be likewise hereby givern that no persons may for the future pretend ignorance thereof.

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Evelyn's Diary. 25 Feb 1690. I went to Kensington, which King William (age 39) had bought of Lord Nottingham (age 42), and altered, but was yet a patched building, but with the garden, however, it is a very sweet villa, having to it the park and a straight new way through this park.

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On 25 Feb 1700 James Douglas 2nd Marquess Douglas (age 54) died.

On 25 Feb 1703 Marmaduke Langdale 2nd Baron Langdale (age 75) died. His son Marmaduke Langdale 3rd Baron Langdale (age 47) succeeded 3rd Baron Langdale of Holme in Yorkshire.

On 25 Feb 1707 Thomas Howard 6th Baron Howard (age 25) and Mary Wentworth were married.NOTEXT

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On 25 Feb 1713 William Paget 6th Baron Paget Beaudasert (age 76) died. On 25 Feb 1713 His son Henry Paget 1st Earl Uxbridge (age 50) succeeded 7th Baron Paget Beaudasert.

Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 25 Feb 1719. It was unamimously agreed to take a drawing of the Knights Templars and the Tomb of the Patriarch in the Temple Church and the Inscription over the Gate and Mr Director (age 41) is ordered to employ Seign. Grisoni (age 19) about that work, who is chose by the Society where we shall have occasion for drawings.

Ordered eodem die that 100 more of the Font, and 200 of Ulphus's Horn be printed.

Giuseppe Grisoni: On or before 24 Oct 1699 he was born. He was baptised on 24 Oct 1699. In 1715 Giuseppe Grisoni (age 15) travelled to London with John Talman (age 37)and tried to establish himself as a portrait painter. He did not achieve enough success to stay, however, and returned to Florence in 1728. In 1769 Giuseppe Grisoni (age 69) died.

On 25 Feb 1729 John Montagu Dean of Durham (age 74) died. He was buried at All Saints Church, Barnwell [Map]. Note. The Memorial at All Saints Church, Barnwell [Map] erected by the eighth Earl gives the year as 1727.

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On 25 Feb 1773 Jacobo Fitz James Stuart 10th Duke Veragua 5th Duke Berwick was born to Carlos Fitz James Stuart 10th Duke Veragua 4th Duke Berwick (age 20) and Caroline Stolberg Gedern Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick (age 18) at Paris [Map]. He a great x 3 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 25 Feb 1776 Dean John Addenbroke (age 84) died without issue.

On 25 Feb 1795 Edward Bligh 5th Earl Darnley was born to John Bligh 4th Earl Darnley (age 27).

After 25 Feb 1800. Monument to Reverend John Lowe.

On 25 Feb 1809 John Murray 4th Earl Dunmore (age 79) died. His son George Murray 5th Earl Dunmore (age 46) succeeded 5th Earl Dunmore. Susan Hamilton Countess Dunmore (age 35) by marriage Countess Dunmore.

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On 25 Feb 1826 Hugh Carleton 1st Viscount Carleton (age 86) died without issue. Viscount Carleton of Clare in Tipperary and Baron Carleton of Anner in Tipperary extinct.

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On 25 Feb 1862 Charles Fitzroy 3rd Baron Southampton (age 57) and Ismania Katharine Nugent Baroness Southampton were married. She by marriage Baroness Southampton. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 25 Feb 1895 Henry Bruce 1st Baron Aberdare (age 79) died. His son Henry Bruce 2nd Baron Aberdare (age 43) succeeded 2nd Baron Aberdare of Duffryn in Glamorganshire.

On 25 Feb 1900 Fitzpatrick Vernon 2nd Baron Lyveden (age 75) died without issue. His nephew Courtenay Robert Percy Vernon 3rd Baron Lyveden (age 42) succeeded 3rd Baron Lyveden.

After 25 Feb 1913. Monument to Horatio Nelson 3rd Earl Nelson (deceased).

25 Feb 1944. War Grave of Sergeant Frederick Norman Bower (age 19) and grave of his parents Harry Edward Bower (age 59) and Helen Pedley (age 57) at Church of St John Wall, Staffordshire [Map].

Sergeant Frederick Norman Bower: Around 1925 he was born to Harry Edward Bower (age 40) and Helen Pedley (age 38).

Harry Edward Bower: In 1885 he was born. In 1912 Harry Edward Bower (age 27) and Helen Pedley (age 25) were married. On 25 Jan 1966 Harry Edward Bower (age 81) died.

Helen Pedley: On 10 Sep 1886 she was born. On 11 Jul 1965 Helen Pedley (age 78) died.

On 25 Feb 1957 Rowland George Winn 3rd Baron St Oswald (age 63) died.

On 25 Feb 1995 Victor Montagu 10th Earl Sandwich (age 88) died. His son John Montagu 11th Earl of Sandwich (age 51) succeeded 11th Earl Sandwich.