On this Day in History ... 27 February

27 Feb is in February.

1200 Council of Reims

1490 Arthur Tudor created Prince of Wales

1535 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1536 Henry VIII becomes Supreme Head of the Church

1545 Battle of Ancrum Moor

1752 Marriage of James Duke Hamilton and Elizabeth Gunning

Council of Reims

Before 1200. Choir Aisle at Hereford Cathedral [Map] left to right ...

In 1198 Bishop William de Vere died.

On 09 May 1186 Bishop Gilbert Foliot died.

On 16 Apr 1148 Bishop Robert de Bethune died in Reims just after the closure of the Council of Reims. His remains were brought to Hereford Cathedral [Map] where he was buried. See Chronicle of Wigmore.

On 27 Feb 1167 Robert Melun Bishop of Hereford (age 67) died.

Arthur Tudor created Prince of Wales

On 27 Feb 1490 Prince Arthur Tudor (age 3) was created Prince of Wales at Westminster Palace [Map].

Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr 5th Baron West (age 33) was appointed Knight of the Bath.


1535 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1535. 27 Feb 1535. R. O. 275. Sir Edward Wotton to Cromwell.

Remonstrates against Cromwell's urging him by his letters to resign his patent of the stewardship of the abbey of Malling, the King having written to the abbess in favor of master Thomas Wyatt. Cromwell may be as much assured of his heart as Mr. Wyatt, and since the death of his brother-in-law, Sir Henry Guildford, he has always depended on Cromwell's friendship. The grant he obtained under the convent seal was in fulfilment of a promise of the abbess many years past. Would have waited on the King before, but has been lately with his sister Guldeford and others, who have been with his cousin, Edward Brown, son of Sir Matthew Brown, who has died of the common plague. Asks Cromwell to relate the matter to the King. Supposes that when the abbess made the grant to Cromwell she had forgotten her promise to him, for, though he knew from the first of the death of Mr. Fisher, he waited for five or six days before writing to the abbess, thinking that few then would apply for so small an office. On first reading his letter she had forgotten the promise which he claimed as having been made within two years and less after her being made abbess. She was not dissembling in her answers either to the King or Cromwell. No effect can grow in law or conscience of her promise to Cromwell, so long after her promise to him. Begs Cromwell to be good master to her and her poor house. Bocton Malherbe, Saturday, 27 Feb.

Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Secretary. Endd.

Henry VIII becomes Supreme Head of the Church

Wriothesley's Chronicle. 27 Feb 1536. The Soundaie of Quinquegesima, being the 27th daie of Februarie and Leepe yeare, a.d. 1536, preached at Paules Crosse [Map] the Bushoppe of Durhame, named Dr. Dunstall (age 62),c sometime Bishopp of London, and afore that, being Master of the Rolls; and their were present at his sermon the Archbishopp of Canterberie (age 46) with eight other bishopps, sitting at the crosse before the preacher; and the Lorde Chauncellor of Englande (age 48), the Duke of Norfolke (age 63), the Duke of Suffolke, with six Erles and divers other lordes, stoode behinde the preacher within the pulpitt, and also fower monkes of the Charterhouse of London were brought to the said sermon, which denied the King (age 44) to be supreame heade of the Church of Englande. And their the said preacher declared the profession of the Bishopp of Rome when he is elected Pope, according to the confirmation of eight universall general counsells, which were congregate for the faith of all Christendome; and everie Pope taketh an othe on the articles, promising to observe, keepe, and hould all that the said counsells confirmed, and to dampne all that they dampned; and how he, contrarie to his oth, hath usurped his power and aucthoritie over all Christendome; and also how uncharitably he had handled our Prince, King Henrie the Eight (age 44), in marying [him to] his brother's wife, contrarie to Godes lawes and also against his owne promise and decrees, which he opened by scriptures and by the cannons of the Appostles; and also how everie Kinge hath the highe power under God, and ought to be the supreame head over all spirituall prelates, which was a goodlie and gracious hearing to all the audience being their present at the same sermon. And in his prayers he said, after this manner, ye shall pray for the universall church of all Christendome, and especiall for the prosperous estate of our Soveraigne and Emperour King Henrie the Eight, being the onelie supreame head of this realme of Englande; and he declared also in his said sermon how that the Cardinalls of Rome bee but curattes and decons of the cittie and province of Bome, and how that everie curate of any parrish have as much power as they have, according to scripture, save onelie that the Pope of Rome hath made them so high aucthorities onelie for to ezhalt his name and power in Christen realmes for covetousnes, as by his owne decrees he evidentlie their approved.NOTEXT

Note c. Cuthbert Tunstall (age 62), translated from London 25th March, 1530.

Between 27 Feb 1537 and 16 May 1557 Alexander Graham 2nd Earl Menteith (age 85) died. His son William Graham 3rd Earl Menteith (age 37) succeeded 3rd Earl Menteith.

Battle of Ancrum Moor

On 27 Feb 1545 a Scottish army defeated an English army at the Battle of Ancrum Moor at Jedburgh. The Scots Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus (age 56), John Lindsay 5th Lord Lindsay of the Byres (age 63) and James Hamilton 2nd Earl Arran (age 29) fought.

Brian Leyton and Ralph Eure were killed.

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On 27 Feb 1598 Bishop George Morley was born.

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On 27 Feb 1627 John Roper 3rd Baron Teynham (age 35) died. His son Christopher Roper 4th Baron Teynham (age 5) succeeded 4th Baron Teynham of Teynham in Kent.

On 27 Feb 1654 William Wentworth 2nd Earl Strafford (age 27) and Henriette Stanley Countess Strafford (age 23) were married. She the daughter of James Stanley 7th Earl of Derby and Charlotte Thouars Countess Derby (age 54). He the son of Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford and Arabella Holles. They were fourth cousins. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

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Pepy's Diary. 27 Feb 1663. Up and to my office, whither several persons came to me about office business. About 11 o'clock, Commissioner Pett (age 52) and I walked to Chyrurgeon's Hall (we being all invited thither, and promised to dine there); where we were led into the Theatre [Map]; and by and by comes the reader, Dr. Tearne, with the Master and Company, in a very handsome manner: and all being settled, he begun his lecture, this being the second upon the kidneys, ureters, &c., which was very fine; and his discourse being ended, we walked into the Hall, and there being great store of company, we had a fine dinner and good learned company, many Doctors of Phisique, and we used with extraordinary great respect. Among other observables we drank the King's health out of a gilt cup given by King Henry VIII to this Company, with bells hanging at it, which every man is to ring by shaking after he hath drunk up the whole cup. There is also a very excellent piece of the King, done by Holbein, stands up in the Hall, with the officers of the Company kneeling to him to receive their Charter.

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On 27 Feb 1699 Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton (age 69) died. His son Charles Paulet 2nd Duke Bolton (age 38) succeeded 2nd Duke Bolton, 7th Marquess Winchester, 7th Earl Wiltshire, 7th Baron St John 1C 1539.


On 27 Feb 1741 John Ker 1st Duke Roxburghe (age 60) died. His son Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe (age 32) succeeded 2nd Duke Roxburghe. Essex Mostyn Duchess Roxburghe by marriage Duchess Roxburghe.

Marriage of James Duke Hamilton and Elizabeth Gunning

Letters of Horace Walpole. 27 Feb 1752. I write this as a sort of letter of form on the occasion, for there is nothing worth telling you. The event that has made most noise since my last, is the extempore wedding of the youngest (age 18) of the two Gunnings, who have made so vehement a noise. Lord Coventry (age 29)295, a grave young lord, of the remains of the patriot breed, has long dangled after the eldest (age 19), virtuously with regard to her virtue, not very honourably with regard to his own credit. About six weeks ago Duke Hamilton (age 27)296, the very reverse of the Earl, hot, debauched, extravagant, and equally damaged in his fortune and person, fell in love with the youngest at the masquerade, and determined to marry her in the spring. About a fortnight since, at an immense assembly at my Lord Chesterfield's, made to show the house, which is really magnificent, Duke Hamilton made violent love at one end of the room, while he was playing at pharaoh at the other end; that is, he saw neither the bank nor his own cards, which were of three hundred pounds each: he soon lost a thousand. I own I was so little a professor in love, that I thought all this parade looked ill for the poor girl; and could not conceive, if he was so much engaged with his mistress as to disregard such sums, why he played at all. However, two nights afterwards, being left alone with her while her mother and sister were at Bedford House, he found himself so impatient, that he sent for a parson. The doctor refused to perform the ceremony without license or ring: the Duke swore he would send for the Archbishop-at last they were married with a ring of the bed-curtain, at half an hour after twelve at night, at Mayfair chapel297, The Scotch are enraged; the women mad that so much beauty has had its effect; and what is most silly, my Lord Coventry (age 29) declares that he now will marry the other.

Poor Lord Lempster has just killed an officer298 in a duel, about a play-debt, and I fear was in the wrong. There is no end of his misfortunes and wrong-headedness!-Where is Mr. Conway!-Adieu!

Note 295. George-William (age 29), sixth Earl of Coventry. He died in 1809, at the age of eighty-seven.-E.

Note 296. James, fourth Duke of Hamilton. He died in 1758.-D.

Note 297. On the 14th of February.-E.

Note 298. Captain Thomas Grey (deceased). The duel was fought, with swords, in Marylebone Fields. Lord Lempster took his trial at the Old Bailey in April, and was found guilty of manslaughter.-E.


On 27 Feb 1754 Robert Dillon 1st Baron Clonbrook was born.


On 27 Feb 1821 William Elector of Hesse (age 77) died.

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On 27 Feb 1861 George Lawrence (age 86) died. Salisbury Cathedral [Map].

George Lawrence: Around 1775 he was born.

On 27 Feb 1881 Wilhelm Hohenzollern (age 22) and Empress Auguste Viktoria Oldenburg (age 22) were married. She the daughter of Frederick Christian Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg and Adelheid Hohenlohe Langenburg Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg. He the son of Frederick III King Prussia (age 49) and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia (age 40). They were fourth cousins. He a grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.


On 08 Oct 1892 Ralph Heneage Dutton (age 71) died. He was buried at Timsbury [Map]. On 27 Feb 1895 Isabella Mansfield (age 70) died. Memorials in Saint Mary Magdalene's Church, Sherborne [Map] to Ralph Heneage Dutton (age 71) and Isabella Mansfield (age 67).

On 27 Feb 1919 George Bowyer 1st Baron Denham (age 33) and Daphne Mitford Baroness Denham (age 24) were married.

On 27 Feb 1921 George II King Hellenes (age 30) and Elisabeth Hohenzollern Sigmaringen Queen Consort Greece Queen Consort Hellenes (age 26) were married at Bucharest. He the son of Constantine I King Greece (age 52) and Sophia Hohenzollern Queen Consort Greece (age 50). They were second cousins. He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. She a great granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.


On 27 Feb 1933 John Crichton-Stuart 6th Marquess of Bute was born to John Crichton-Stuart (age 25) and Eileen Beatrice Forbes Marchioness of Bute (age 21). He was the elder of twins with his brother being born fifteen minutes later.

On 27 Feb 1936 Iain Murray 10th Duke of Atholl (age 4) died.