On this Day in History ... 28 February

28 Feb is in February.

1587 Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

1692 William III Creation of New Lords

On 28 Feb 1105 Raymond Rouerge IV Count Toulose (age 64) died. His son Alphonse Rouerge I Count Toulose (age 2) succeeded I Count Toulose.

On 28 Feb 1261 Henry Reginar III Duke Brabant (age 31) died. His son Henry Reginar IV Duke Brabant (age 10) succeeded IV Duke Brabant.

On 28 Feb 1261 Margaret Dunkeld Queen Consort Norway was born to Alexander III King Scotland (age 19) and Margaret Queen of Scotland (age 20). She a granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

On 28 Feb 1292 Hugh Courtenay 3rd Baron Okehampton (age 40) died at Cullicombe. His son Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon (age 15) succeeded 4th Baron Okehampton.

Around 28 Feb 1292 Hugh Courtenay 9th Earl Devon (age 15) and Agnes St John Countess Devon (age 17) were married. She by marriage Baroness Okehampton. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

On 28 Feb 1326 Leopold Habsburg I Duke Austria (age 35) died. His brother Albert Habsburg II Duke Austria (age 27) succeeded II Duke Austria.

Before 28 Feb 1333 Henry Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers of Groby (age 30) and Isabel Verdun Baroness Ferrers Groby (age 16) were married. She by marriage Baroness Ferrers of Groby. She a great granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 28 Feb 1333 William Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers of Groby was born to Henry Ferrers 2nd Baron Ferrers of Groby (age 30) and Isabel Verdun Baroness Ferrers Groby (age 16). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 28 Feb 1336 William Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Mortimer (age 71) died at Tewkesbury Abbey [Map]. He was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey [Map]. His son Alan Zouche 2nd Baron Zouche Mortimer (age 18) succeeded 2nd Baron Zouche Mortimer. Eleanor Damory Baroness Zouche Mortimer (age 17) by marriage Baroness Zouche Mortimer.

On 28 Feb 1347 John Graham Earl Menteith was hanged, drawn and quartered by direct orders of King Edward I to whom he had previously sworn fealty.

On 28 Feb 1422 John Tiptoft 1st Baron Tiptoft and Joyce Charleton Baroness Tiptoft (age 18) were married. She by marriage Baroness Tiptoft. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 28 Feb 1463 John Lovell 8th Baron Lovel 5th Baron Holand (age 30) died. On 28 Feb 1463 His son Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell (age 7) succeeded 9th Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh, 6th Baron Holand 1C 1314 at around eight years of age. He became a ward of King Edward IV of England (age 20) who gave his wardship to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 34) spending his childhood at Middleham Castle [Map] with the young (future) King Richard III of England (age 10).

Henry Machyn's Diary. 28 Feb 1552. The xxviij day of Feybruarii was bered the nobull [lady the] contes of Penbroke (deceased), and syster to the late qwyne and wyffe [to the] nobull Kyng Henry the viij. late kyng, and the good lade [the] contes of Penbroke the wyche she ded at Benard Castle [Map], and so cared unto Powlls. Ther was a C. [Note. 100] powre men and women had mantylle fryse gownes, then cam the haroldes, [then] the corse, and a-bowt her viij baners rolls of armes, and then cam the mornars boyth lordes and knyghts and gentyll men, and then cam the lades mornars and gentyll women mornars ij C. [then the] gentyll men and gentyll women, and after cam in cotts ij C. servandes and odur servandes, and she was bered by the tombe of [the duke] of Lankaster [Note. At St Paul's Cathedral [Map]], and after her banars wher sett up over her [and her] armes sett on dyvers pelers,-the vj King Edward vjth.

Note. Funeral of the countess of Pembroke. King Edward in his Diary records the death of the countess of Pembroke on the 20th Feb. 1551–2. As sister to queen Katharine Parr, she was a person of high consideration. A magnificent canopied monument to William Herbert, earl of Pembroke, and his countess Anne, with their recumbent effigies, and kneeling effigies of their three children, Henry earl of Pembroke, sir Edward Herbert knt. and Anne lady Talbot, was erected in St. Paul's cathedral, next the monument of John of Ghent, duke of Lancaster, and is represented in a plate of Dugdale's History of St. Paul's.


Henry Machyn's Diary. 28 Feb 1561. The xxviij day of Feybruary dyd pryche at the cowrt master Pylkyngtun (age 41) electyd pyshope of Durram a-for the quen('s) (age 27) grace, and made a godly sermon, and grett audyens.... the Marsalsay [Map] to be cared into the co[untry ...] men that was cast in Westmynster hall for robere done the last day of terme.

PAINTINGS/SCROTS/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/MEULEN/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/EWORTH/Elizabeth_I_Hans_Eworth.jpg PAINTINGS/HILLIARD/Queen_Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/HILLIARD/Phoenix.jpg PAINTINGS/GOWER/George_Gower_Elizabeth_Sieve_Portrait.jpg PAINTINGS/SEGAR/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/UNKNOWN/Elizabeth_I.jpg PAINTINGS/GHEERAERTS_YOUNGER/Queen_Elizabeth_I_The_Ditchley_portrait_Marcus_Gheeraerts_the_Younger.jpg

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

Calendars. 28 Feb 1587. Paris [Map]. Bernardino De Mendoza Ambassador (age 47) to the King (age 59). Note. Assumed to be the Spanish King Philip II.

The English ambassador sent the confidant (i.e., Charles Arundel (age 54)) to me this morning to say that as it was so important that your Majesty (age 59) should be informed instantly of the news he had received last night from England, that he sent to tell me of it, and openly to confess me his anxiety to serve your Majesty (age 59). He offered himself entirely through me, in the assurance that your Majesty (age 59) would not order him to do anything against the interest of his mistress the Queen (age 53), who however, he could plainly see, had not long to live now that she had allowed the execution of the Queen of Scotland (deceased). It happened in this way. The Lord Treasurer (age 66) being absent through illness, the earl of Leicester (age 54), Lord Hunsdon (age 60), Lord Admiral Howard (age 51) and Walsingham (age 55), had represented to the Queen (age 53) that the Parliament would resolutely refuse to vote any money to maintain the war in Holland, or to fit out a naval force to help Don Antonio, unless she executed the Queen of Scotland (deceased). Under this pressure she consented to sign a warrant, as they called it, that the Parliament might see, but which was not to be executed, unless it were proved that the Queen of Scotland (deceased) conspired again against her life. As Secretary Walsingham (age 55) was ill this warrant was taken to the Queen (age 53) for her signature by Davison (age 46), and after she had signed it she ordered him not to give it to anyone unless she gave him personally her authority to do so. Davison (age 46), who is a terrible heretic and an enemy of the Queen of Scotland (deceased), like the rest of the above-mentioned, delivered the warrant to them. They took a London executioner and sent him with the warrant to the justice of the county where the Queen of Scotland (deceased) was. The moment the justice received it, on the 8th [NOTE. Appears to be a typo; original says 18th], he entered the Queen of Scotland's (deceased) chamber with Paulet (age 54) and Lord Grey (age 46), who had charge of her, and there they had her head cut off with a hatchet in the presence of the four persons only. The Queen (age 53) orders her ambassador to inform this King (age 59) of it, and assure him, as she will more fully by a special envoy, that the deed was done against her will, and although she had signed the warrant she had no intention of having it carried out. She cannot avoid blaming herself for having trusted anyone but herself in such a matter. The ambassador is begging earnestly for an audience and is keeping the matter secret until he tells the King. In order that no time may be lost in informing your Majesty, I send this special courier in the name of merchants, by way of Bordeaux, whence he will go post to Irun; and as God has so willed that these accursed people, for His ends, should fall into "reprobrium sensum," and against all reason commit such an act as this, it is evidently His design to deliver those two kingdoms into your Majesty's hands. I thanked the ambassador in general terms for his offer, saying that I would give an account thereof to your Majesty. As I have formerly said, it will be most advisable to accept it, and pledge him to give us notice of any machinations here and in England against us. He reports that the fitting out of ships continues but in no greater number than he previously advised, although the rumour is current here that there would be 60 English, besides the Hollanders, but that the crews, etc. were not raised and no time fixed for the departure. The ambassador says he will have full information on the point when a gentleman of his has arrived whom he had sent to England to gain intelligence, as Cecil only writes now to say that the execution of the Queen of Scotland has been against his will, as he, the ambassador knew; and that the King, her son, was in great danger of suffering a similar fate. The execution was known in London on the 20th when the executioner returned, and great bonfires had been lit for joy all over the countryside. They did not even give her time to commend her soul to God. .NOTEXT

On 28 Feb 1607 Grey Brydges 5th Baron Chandos (age 27) and Anne Stanley Countess Castlehaven (age 26) were married. She the daughter of Ferdinando Stanley 5th Earl of Derby and Alice Spencer Countess Derby (age 57). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.


On 28 Feb 1611 William Brereton 2nd Baron Brereton was born to John Bererton (age 20) and Anne Fitton (age 17).

On 28 Feb 1613 John Pearson Bishop was born.

On 28 Feb 1620 Thomas Knyvet 5th Baron Berners (age 23) and Frances Vaughan were married.

On 28 Feb 1643 Henry Hunloke 1st Baronet (age 25) was created 1st Baronet Hunloke of Wingerworth in Derbyshire by King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 42).


On 28 Feb 1648 Christian IV King Denmark (age 70) died. His son Frederick III King Denmark (age 38) succeeded III King Denmark. Sophie Amalie Hanover Queen Consort Denmark (age 19) by marriage Queen Consort Denmark.

On 28 Feb 1652 Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton (age 22) and Christian Freschville (age 18) were married. He the son of John Paulet 5th Marquess Winchester (age 54) and Jane Savage Marchioness Winchester.


On 28 Feb 1692 Algernon Capell 2nd Earl Essex (age 21) and Mary Bentinck Countess Essex (age 12) were married. She by marriage Countess Essex. She the daughter of William Bentinck 1st Earl of Portland (age 42) and Anne Villiers Countess Portland. He the son of Arthur Capell 1st Earl Essex and Elizabeth Percy Countess Essex (age 56). They were half third cousins.


William III Creation of New Lords

Evelyn's Diary. 28 Feb 1692. Lord Marlborough (age 41) having used words against the King (age 41), and been discharged from all his great places, his wife (age 31) was forbidden the Court, and the Princess of Denmark (age 27) was desired by the Queen (age 29) to dismiss her from her service; but she refusing to do so, goes away from Court to Sion house [Map]. Divers new Lords made: Sir Henry Capel (age 53), Sir William Fermor (age 43), etc. Change of Commissioners in the Treasury. The Parliament adjourned, not well satisfied with affairs. The business of the East India Company, which they would have reformed, let fall. The Duke of Norfolk (age 37) does not succeed in his endeavor to be divorced.NOTEXT

On 28 Feb 1707 Philip Roper 9th Baron Teynham was born to Henry Roper 8th Baron Teynham (age 31) and Catherine Smythe Baroness Teynham.

On 28 Feb 1722 William Kerr 2nd Marquess Lothian (age 61) died. His son William Kerr 3rd Marquess Lothian (age 32) succeeded 3rd Marquess Lothian.

On 28 Feb 1724 George Townshend 1st Marquess Townshend was born to Charles Townshend 3rd Viscount Townsend (age 23) and Audrey aka Etheldreda Harrison (age 16).

On 28 Feb 1728 Thomas Pelham 1st Earl Chichester was born to Thomas "Turk" Pelham (age 23).


On 28 Feb 1778 Margaret Tufton Countess Leicester (age 77) died. Baron de Clifford 1C 1299 abeyant.

On 28 Feb 1796 George Augustus North 3rd Earl Guildford (age 38) and Susan Coutts Countess Guilford were married. She by marriage Countess Guildford. He the son of Frederick North 2nd Earl Guildford and Anne Speke Countess Guilford (age 56).

On 28 Feb 1811 Sackville Tufton 9th Earl of Thanet (age 41) and Anne Charlotte de Bojanowitz were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square. He the son of Sackville Tufton 8th Earl of Thanet and Mary Sackville Countess Thanet (age 64).

On 28 Feb 1825 William Cholmondeley 3rd Marquess Cholmondeley (age 24) and Marcia Emma Georgiana Arbuthnot Marchioness Cholmondeley (age 21) were married at Cholmondeley House. He the son of George Cholmondeley 1st Marquess Cholmondeley (age 75) and Georgina Charlotte Bertie Marchioness Cholmondeley (age 63).

On 28 Feb 1825 Richard Griffin 2nd Baron Braybrook (age 74) died. His son Richard Griffin 3rd Baron Braybrook (age 41) succeeded 3rd Baron Braybrooke. Jane Cornwallis Baroness Braybrook (age 26) by marriage Baroness Braybrooke.


On 28 Feb 1830 John Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 11th or 17th Baron Saye and Sele was born to Frederick Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes 10th or 16th Baron Saye and Sele (age 30) and Emily Wingfield (age 32).

On 28 Feb 1835 Reverend William Nelson 1st Earl Nelson (age 77) died. His nephew Thomas Bolton aka Nelson 2nd Earl Nelson (age 48) succeeded 2nd Earl Nelson of Trafalgar and Merson in Surrey, 2nd Viscount Merton and changed his surname from Bolton to Nelson.

On 28 Feb 1848 Jessie Dalrymple Goddard (age 23) died from childbirth a few weeks after the birth of their only child Ernest Ambrose Vivian 2nd Baron Swansea.

Before 28 Feb 1921 Marmaduke Furness 1st Viscount Furness (age 37) and Ada "Daisy" Hogg Viscountess Furness were married. She by marriage Viscountess Furness of Grantley in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

PAINTINGS/VANDYCK_LTD/Wedding_of_Princess_Mary_and_Viscount_Lascelles_1922.jpgOn 28 Feb 1922 Henry Lascelles 6th Earl Harewood (age 39) and Princess Mary Windsor Countess Harewood (age 24) were married at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His best-man was Major Victor Mackenzie 3rd Baronet (age 39). Her bridesmaids included Doris Hilda Gordon-Lennox (age 25), Mary Cambridge Duchess Beaufort (age 24), Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Queen Consort England (age 21), Princess Maud Duff Countess Southesk (age 28), Rachel Cavendish (age 20), Helen Diana Bridgeman (age 14), Mary Beatrice Thynne Baroness Nunburnholme (age 18) and Princess May of Teck (age 16). The wedding was attending by her father and mother George V King United Kingdom (age 56) and Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England (age 54). She the daughter of George V King United Kingdom (age 56) and Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England (age 54). He the son of Henry Ulrick Lascelles 5th Earl Harewood (age 75) and Florence Katharine Bridgeman Countess Harewood (age 63).

PAINTINGS/VANDYCK_LTD/6th_Earl_Harewood_Wedding.png28 Feb 1922 . Photograph of the wedding of Henry Lascelles 6th Earl Harewood (age 39) and Princess Mary Windsor Countess Harewood (age 24) with George V King United Kingdom (age 56) and Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England (age 54).


Before 28 Feb 1939 Edward Arthur Colebrooke 1st Baron Colebrooke (age 77) and Alexandra Harriet Paget (age 74) were married.


On 28 Feb 1941 Alfonso XIII King Spain (age 54) died.