On this Day in History ... 28 October

28 Oct is in October.

1216 Gloucester Coronation of Henry III

1441 Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1532 Henry VIII and Francis I meet at Calais

1535 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1666 Great Plague of London

1666 Four Days' Battle

1914 First Battle of Ypres

On 28 Oct 994 Archbishop Sigeric died.

On 28 Oct 998 Sigfried Luxemburg Ardennes Count Ardennes (age 76) died.

Gloucester Coronation of Henry III

On 28 Oct 1216 King Henry III of England (age 9) was crowned III King England at Gloucester Cathedral [Map] during the Gloucester Coronation of Henry III at which Cardinal Guala Bicchieri (age 66) presided, Sylvester Bishop of Worcester and Simon Apulia Bishop of Exeter anointed the King. The coronation took place in Gloucester since London was at the time held by rebels. John Monmouth (age 34) was present.

Before 28 Oct 1323 John Grey 2nd Baron Grey of Wilton (age 55) and Anne Ferrers Baroness Grey Wilton were married. She by marriage Baroness Grey of Wilton. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

On 28 Oct 1323 John Grey 2nd Baron Grey of Wilton (age 55) died at Wilton. His son Henry Grey 3rd Baron Grey of Wilton (age 41) succeeded 3rd Baron Grey of Wilton 1C 1295.

On 28 Oct 1407 John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke (age 18) and Elizabeth Ferrers Baroness Greystoke (age 14) were married at Greystoke Castle Greystoke. She by marriage Baroness Greystoke. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 28 Oct 1430 Richard West 7th Baron De La Warr 4th Baron West was born to Reginald West 6th Baron De La Warr 3rd Baron West (age 35) and Margaret Thorley Baroness De La Warr Baroness West.

Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

Chronicle of Gregory 1441. 27 Oct 1441. And on Syn Symon and Jude ys eve was the wycche (age 26) be syde Westemyster brent in Smethefylde [Map], and on the day of Symon and Jude the person of Syn Stevynnys in Walbroke, whyche that was one of the same fore sayde traytours, deyde in the Toure [Map] for sorowe.

Note 1. Necromancy.

On 28 Oct 1441 Thomas Southwell Astrologer died whilst in the Tower of London [Map].

On 28 Oct 1449 Christian I King Denmark (age 23) and Dorothea of Brandenburg (age 18) were married.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 28 Oct 1485 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford (age 53) was created 1st Duke Bedford 5C 1485 by Henry VII (age 28) for having supported Henry's claim to the throne. Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham Duchess Bedford (age 27) by marriage Duchess Bedford.

Thomas Stanley 1st Earl of Derby (age 50) was created 1st Earl Derby 3C 1485.

Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon (age 26) was created 1st Earl Devon 3C 1485. It is believed he was restored 11th Baron Okehampton at the same time?

Reginald Bray (age 45), John Fitzwalter, Thomas Cokesge, Roger Lewknor, Henry Haydon and John Verney were appointed Knight of the Bath.

Henry VIII and Francis I meet at Calais

The Maner of the Triumphe at Caleys and Bulleyn. 28 Oct 1532. And vpon monday whiche was the twenty-ninth [a mistake for twenty-eighth?] day of October at Caleys our kyng made the great mayster of Fraunce (age 39) and the admyrall of Fraunce (age 40) knyghtes of the garter. And that daye there was a greate wrastelynge betwene englysshe men and frensshe men before bothe the kynges the frensshe kynge had none but preestes that wrasteled which were bygge men and stronge they were bretherne but they had moost falles1.

Note 1. After "most falls" the Second Edition inserts, "And as concernynge the haboundaunt and lyberal mutytude of gyftes that were so louyngly and cordyally gyuen on bothe partyes (to the greate honour of bothe the kynges) my penne or capacit can not expresse it as well amonge the greate lordes as vnto the lowest yemen that bare ony offyce in eyther kynges hous and specially the kynges gyftes on both partyes alway rewarded the one lyke vnto ye other And all other gyftes was nothynge but ryche plate golde coyne and syluer was of no estymacyon beside raymentes horses geldynges fawcons beres dogges for the game with many other whiche were to moche to write. And upon the xxix. day" &c.


The Maner of the Triumphe at Caleys and Bulleyn. 28 Oct 1532. And vpon sondaye both the kynges herde masse in theyr lodgynges. And at after-noone the kynge of Englande went to Staple hall to the frensshe kynge and there was bothe bere baytynge and bulbayting tyll nyght. And at nyght the frensshe kynge souped with our kynge and there was greate bankettynge. And after souper1 there came in a maske my lady marques of Penbroke (age 31) my lady Mary (age 33) my lady Darby (age 21) my lady Fitzwater (age 26) my lady Rocheford (age 27) my lady Lislie (age 38) and my lady Wallop gorgyously apparayled with visers on theyr faces and so came and toke the frensshe kynge by the hande and other lordes of Fraunce and daunced a daunce or two. And after that the kynge toke of theyr visers and than they daunced with gentylmen of Fraunce an houre after. And than they departed to theyr lodgynges. And as for the apparayle of the frensshe lordes my tongue can not expresse it and in especyal the frensshe kyng his apparayle passed1 my penne to wryte for he had a dublet ouer set all with stones and rychc diamondes whiche was valued by discrete men at a hondred thousand pounde they passed ferre our lordes and knyghtes in apparayle and rychesse. They had greate chere in Caleys and louynge also and all at our kynges costes and charges. Also the same daye that the kynges came from Bulleyn the frensshe kynge made the duke of Norffolke (age 59) and the duke of Suffolke (age 48) of the ordre of saynt Mighill2. NOTEXT

Note 1. The Second Edition reads "passeth" for "passed."

Note 2. Saint Michael.


1535 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1535. 28 Oct 1535. R. O. 700. John Graynfyld to Lord Lisle (age 71).

I have received your letter by your servant Bryant, and sped him of your requests. My Lord Chancellor prays you not to be so liberal in granting these petitions. I told him it was usual with your predecessors. He said, Never came so many; and told me to inform you that the certificate of the spiritualty was not correct, and that displeasure would be taken if it were known. I told him you would not certify from any partiality. He asked me why you had not certified Stanyngfyld. I told him "hit wasse a neuter;" and he said you ought to certify it as within the English pale, and that the King's subject was master of the house; also that you had omitted to certify the house of the sisters by the walls of Calais. Your lease of Sybberton is made sure. Please remember the matter between Golfon (Golston) and me. My Lord Leonard Graye (age 56) has gone into Ireland again, and many gunners with him. The King gave him 500 marks and £100 land to him and his heirs, besides his previous grant of 300 marks land. Also the King gave him a ship well trimmed, and the Queen (age 34) a chain of gold from her middle, worth 100 marks, and a purse of 20 sovereigns. The death is well stopped in London. All manner of grain is at a great price. St. Simon and St. Jude's Day.

Commends himself to his brother Sir Ric. Graynfyld and Mr. Porter.

Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.


Before 28 Oct 1539John Conyers 3rd Baron Conyers (age 15) and Maud Clifford Baroness Conyers (age 16) were married. She by marriage Baroness Conyers. She the daughter of Henry Clifford 1st Earl of Cumberland (age 46) and Margaret Percy Baroness Clifford (age 39). They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 28 Oct 1562 George Gordon 4th Earl Huntley (age 48) died. His son George Gordon 5th Earl Huntley succeeded 5th Earl Huntley. Anne Hamilton Countess Huntley (age 27) by marriage Countess Huntley.

On 28 Oct 1571 William Parr 1st Marquess Northampton (age 59) died at Warwick Priory [Map]. He was buried in the Chancel of St Mary's Church, Warwick [Map]. His funeral was paid for by Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 38). Marquess Northampton 1C 1547 and Baron Parr of Kendal extinct.

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On 28 Oct 1572 John Erskine 18th Earl Mar died at Stirling [Map]. On 28 Oct 1572 His son John Erskine 19th Earl Mar (age 10) succeeded 19th Earl Mar 1C 1404. Anne Drummond Countess Mar (age 17) by marriage Countess Mar.


After 28 Oct 1613. Monument to George St Paul 1st Baronet (deceased) and Frances Wray Countess Warwick. at St Lawrence's Church Snarford [Map]. Elizabethan Period. A base supporting the reclining figures of the deceased with composite Pillars supporting an entablature and armorial termination. In the base is a central semi-circular niche containing a carving of the deceased's daughter, flanked by niches containing mourning putti. Above on the lower step is a figure of Frances in full mourning dress with formal Ruff and hat, reclining on a cushion holding a prayer book. On the upper step he reclines in plate armour with a sword. The figures are contained in a semi-circular headed Recess with roses in the archivolt and on the back wall is an inscribed rectangular panel with scrolls and memento mori. The Pillars to either side support a frieze and entablature from which rise flaming urns and at the angles, and at the centre is a raised achievement of arms flanked by scrolled shields and obelisks. Possibly sculpted by Cornelius Cure.

On 28 Oct 1628 Richard Preston 1st Earl Desmond was drowned whilst travelling between Dublin [Map] and Holyhead.

On 28 Oct 1635 William Keith 6th Earl Marischal (age 50) died. His son William Keith 7th Earl Marischal succeeded 7th Earl Marischal.

On 28 Oct 1638 Robert Petre 3rd Baron Petre (age 39) died. His son William Petre 4th Baron Petre (age 12) succeeded 4th Baron Petre.

Four Days' Battle

Pepy's Diary. 28 Oct 1666. Lord's Day. Up, and to church with my wife, and then home, and there is come little Michell and his wife, I sent for them, and also comes Captain Guy to dine with me, and he and I much talk together. He cries out of the discipline of the fleete, and confesses really that the true English valour we talk of is almost spent and worn out; few of the commanders doing what they should do, and he much fears we shall therefore be beaten the next year. He assures me we were beaten home the last June fight, and that the whole fleete was ashamed to hear of our bonefires. He commends Smith, and cries out of Holmes (age 44) for an idle, proud, conceited, though stout fellow. He tells me we are to owe the losse of so many ships on the sands, not to any fault of the pilots, but to the weather; but in this I have good authority to fear there was something more. He says the Dutch do fight in very good order, and we in none at all. He says that in the July fight, both the Prince (age 46) and Holmes (age 44) had their belly-fulls, and were fain to go aside; though, if the wind had continued, we had utterly beaten them. He do confess the whole to be governed by a company of fools, and fears our ruine.


Great Plague of London

Evelyn's Diary. 28 Oct 1666. The pestilence, through God's mercy, began now to abate considerably in our town.

On 28 Oct 1669 Charles Moore 2nd Earl Drogheda and Letitia Robartes Countess Drogheda (age 19) were married. She the daughter of John Robartes 1st Earl Radnor (age 63) and Letitia Isabella Smythe Countess Radnor (age 39). He the son of Henry Moore 1st Earl Drogheda (age 47) and Alice Spencer Countess Drogheda (age 43).

On 28 Oct 1680 Bishop John Hacket (age 88) died.

On 28 Oct 1692 Willoughby Bertie 3rd Earl Abingdon was born to James Bertie (age 18) and Elizabeth Willoughby.

PAINTINGS/CLOSTERMAN/1st_Duke_Cumberland.jpgBefore 28 Oct 1708 John Closterman (age 48). Portrait of Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland (age 55).

On 28 Oct 1708 Prince George of Denmark 1st Duke Cumberland (age 55) died without surviving issue. Duke Cumberland 2C 1689 extinct.

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On 28 Oct 1723 Christopher Vane 1st Baron Barnard (age 70) died at Shipbourne. His son Gilbert Vane 2nd Baron Barnard (age 45) succeeded 2nd Baron Barnard.

On 28 Oct 1742 William Graham 2nd Duke Montrose (age 30) and Lucy Manners Duchess Montrose (age 25) were married. She by marriage Duchess Montrose. She the daughter of John Manners 2nd Duke Rutland and Lucy Sherard Duchess Rutland (age 57). He the son of James Graham 1st Duke Montrose.


On 28 Oct 1750 Thomas Hamilton 7th Earl Haddington (age 29) and Mary Lloyd Countess Rothes were married.


On 28 Oct 1758 Edward Moore 5th Earl Drogheda (age 57) died at sea whilst travelling between Holyhead and Dublin. His son Charles Moore 1st Marquess Drogheda (age 28) succeeded 6th Earl Drogheda, 8th Viscount Moore of Drogheda, 8th Baron Moore of Mellefont in Louth.

On 28 Oct 1853 Valentine Lawless 2nd Baron Cloncurry (age 80) died.

After 28 Oct 1853. St Swithun's Church, Leadenham [Map]. Monument to Reverend William Key Reeve (deceased).

Reverend William Key Reeve: Around 1784 he was born to William Reeve of Leadenham (age 33) and Millicent Mary King (age 29). On 28 Oct 1853 Reverend William Key Reeve (age 69) died.

On 28 Oct 1905 John Francis Granville Scrope Egerton 4th Earl Ellesmere (age 32) and Violet Lambton Countess Ellesmere (age 25) were married. She the daughter of Frederick Lambton 4th Earl Durham (age 50) and Beatrix Bulteel Countess Durham. He the son of Francis Egerton 3rd Earl Ellesmere (age 58) and Katherine Louisa Phipps Countess Ellesmere (age 55).

On 28 Oct 1907 Francis Curzon 5th Earl Howe (age 23) and Mary Curzon Countess Howe (age 19) were married. They divorced in 1937. He the son of Richard George Penn Curzon 4th Earl Howe (age 46) and Georgiana Elizabeth Spencer-Churchill Countess Howe. They were half first cousin once removed.


On 28 Oct 1913 William Wells Addington 3rd Viscount Sidmouth (age 89) died.

First Battle of Ypres

On 28 Oct 1914 Charles Almeric Cholmondeley (age 34) was killed in action

On 28 Oct 1931 George Gibbs 1st Baron Wraxall (age 58) died. His son Richard Gibbs 2nd Baron Wraxall (age 3) succeeded 2nd Baron Wraxall.