1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels

 Execution of Warwick's Supporters Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville Battle of Edgecote Moor Capture of Edward IV Execution of the Woodvilles Execution of the Neville Brothers Welles' Rebellion and Battle of Losecoat Field aka Empingham Battle of Nibley Green Angers Agreement and Restoration of King Henry VI Edward IV lands at Ravenspur Battle of Barnet Battle of Tewkesbury Death of King Henry VI

1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels is in 15th Century Events.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Execution of Warwick's Supporters

Warkworth's Chronicle. 17 Jan 1469. And the same yere Sere Thomas Hungerforde knyght, sonne to the Lorde Hungerforde, and Herry Curteney, the Erle of Devynschyre of right, were takene for treasoune and behedede at Salisbury; and menne seyde the Lorde Stafforde of Southwyke (age 30) was cause of the seyde Herry Curtenayes dethe, for he wolde be the Erle of Devyn-schyre, and so the Kynge made hym afterwarde, and [he] hade it nozt halff a yere.

On 17 Jan 1469 Warwick's supporters were executed in Salisbury Marketplace [Map] in the presence of King Edward IV of England (age 26):

Thomas Hungerford was beheaded. His father Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns had been executed five years previously after the Battle of Hexham.

Henry Courtenay was beheaded.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Amnesty

On 11 Jun 1469 an Amnesty was declared excepting Humphrey Neville of Brancepeth (age 30).

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville

Warkworth's Chronicle. 11 Jul 1469. And in the ix yere of the regne of Kynge Edwarde at myssomere the Duke of Clarence (age 19) passede the see to Caleis to the Erle of Warwyke (age 40) and there weddede his doughter (age 17) by the Archebysshoppe of Yorke (age 37) the Erle of Warwyke (age 40) brothere and afterwarde come overe ayene.

On 11 Jul 1469 George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 19) and Isabel Neville Duchess Clarence (age 17) were married by Archbishop George Neville (age 37) at the Église Notre-Dame de Calais [Map] witnessed by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 40). She by marriage Duchess Clarence. She the daughter of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 40) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (age 42). He the son of Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke of York and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York (age 54). They were first cousin once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Battle of Edgecote Moor

Warkworth's Chronicle. 26 Jul 1469. And Robyne of Riddesdale came uppone the Walschemenne in a playne byyonde Banbury toune and ther thei faughthe strongly togedere and ther was the Erle of Penbroke (age 46) takene and his brother (age 46) withe hym and two M1 Walschmenne slayne and so the Walsch men loste the felde the xxvj day of Juylle the same yere. The names of the gentylmen that were slayne of Walsche party in the same batelle Sere Rogere Vaghan knyght; Herry Organ sonne and heyre; Thomas Aprossehere Vaghan squyere; William Harbarde of Breknoke, squyere; Watkyn Thomas sonne to Rogere Vaghan; Yvan ap Jhon of Merwyke; Davy ap Jankyn of Lymmeryke; Harry Done ap Pikton; John Done of Kydwelle; Ryse ap Morgon ap Ulston; Jankyn Perot ap Scottesburght; John Eneand of Penbrokeschire; and Jhon Contour of Herforde. And of the north party ther was slayne Sere Herry Latymere sonne and heyre to the Lorde Latymere; Sere Rogere Pygot, knyghte; James Conya[r]s sonne and heyre to Sere Jhon Conya[r]s, knyght; Olivere Audley, squyere; Thomas Wakes sonne and heyre; William Mallerye, squyere; and many othere comyners & c.

On 26 Jul 1469 the Yorkist army suffered a defeat against a Lancastrian army led by Robin of Redesdale at the Battle of Edgecote Moor. The Yorkist army was commanded by John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon (age 34) and William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke (age 46).

Thomas Vaughan (age 69), John Wogan, Henry Neville (age 32), John Conyers (age 36) and (age 32) were killed.

Humphrey Stafford 1st Earl Devon (age 30), John Conyers (age 58) and William Parr (age 35) fought.

Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 64) and John Woodville (age 24) were captured.

After 26 Jul 1469. St Mary's Church, Kington [Map]. Thomas Vaughan killed 26 Jul 1469 at the Battle of Edgecote Moor and wife Elena "Terrible" Gethen so called because she murdered her cousin who had murdered her brother. Alabaster. Early Plate Bascinet Period. Tassets. Believed to have been moved from the Chancel since it is decorated on all sides. Possible Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent - see the folds at the base of her dress and the possible little dog between them. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.

On 27 Jul 1469 William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke (age 46) was executed following his capture at the Battle of Edgecote Moor the day before, His son William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Huntingdon (age 18) succeeded 2nd Earl Pembroke, 2nd Baron Herbert of Raglan, 2nd Baron Herbert of Powis. Mary Woodville Countess Pembroke and Huntingdon (age 13) by marriage Countess Pembroke.

His brother Richard Herbert 1423-1469 (age 46) was also beheaded on the same day.

On 17 Aug 1469 Humphrey Stafford 1st Earl Devon (age 30), having escaped after the Battle of Edgecote Moor, was captured and executed by a mob at Bridgwater, Somerset [Map]. He was buried at Glastonbury Abbey [Map]. Earl Devon extinct.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Capture of Edward IV

After 26 Jul 1469 King Edward IV of England (age 27) was captured by his brother George (age 19) at Olney, Buckinghamshire [Map] after the Battle of Edgecote Moor.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Execution of the Woodvilles

Warkworth's Chronicle. 27 Jul 1469. And at that tyme was the Lorde Ryvers (age 64) takene and one of his sonnes (age 24) in the forest of Dene and brought to Northamtone and the Erle of Penbroke (age 46) and Sere Richard Herbarde (age 46) his brother were behedede at Northamtone alle iiij by the commawndement of the Duke of Clarence and the Erle of Warwyke and Thomas Harbarde was slayne at Brystow & c.

On 12 Aug 1469 Woodvilles father and son were beheaded at Kenilworth Castle [Map] by supporters of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 40).

Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 64) was beheaded. His son Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers (age 29) succeeded 2nd Earl Rivers. Elizabeth Scales Countess Rivers by marriage Countess Rivers.

John Woodville (age 24) was beheaded.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Execution of the Neville Brothers

On 29 Sep 1469 brothers Humphrey Neville of Brancepeth (age 30) and Charles Neville of Brancepeth were beheaded at York [Map] in the presence of King Edward IV of England (age 27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 40) bringing to an end the Neville-Neville feud that arose as a consequence of the senior line being dis-inherited.

Warkworth's Chronicle. And the same yere, the xxix day of Septembre, Humfrey Nevylle knyght and Charles his brothere, were takene by the Erle of Warwyke and behedede at Yorke the Kynge beynge present.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Welles' Rebellion and Battle of Losecoat Field aka Empingham

Before 03 Feb 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles attacked Gainsborough Old Hall, Lincolnshire [Map] home of Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh (age 39), a senior Yorkist, Edward IV's (age 27) Master of the Horse. It isn't known whether this attack was a consequence of local or national issues. King Edward IV of England (age 27) summoned Robert's father Richard Welles 7th Baron Welles, Baron Willoughby (age 42) and uncle-in-law Thomas Dymoke (age 42) (married to Margaret Welles (age 38) sister of Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles) to London. Both initially went into Sanctuary, Westminster Abbey [Map] but were pardoned on 03 Mar 1470.

After 03 Mar 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles continued to resist King Edward IV of England (age 27) by raising forces in Lincolnshire. King Edward IV of England (age 27) travelled north and threatened Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles with the execution of his father (age 42) and Thomas Dymoke (age 42) if Robert persisted in rebellion.

On 12 Mar 1470 King Edward IV of England (age 27) commanded at the Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham). The battle apparently didn't take place since the army of Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles fled in the face of the Royal army. The name 'Losecoat' not contemporary; Battle of Empingham may be. Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles was captured with documents describing the fomenting of rebellion by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 41) and George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 20).

On 12 Mar 1470 Richard Welles 7th Baron Welles, Baron Willoughby (age 42) and Thomas Dymoke (age 42) were beheaded at Queen's Cross, Stamford. Note. Some sources say on battlefield immediately prior to the battle.

Before 23 Jan 1475 Joan Welles 9th Baroness Willoughby Eresby died.

Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby (age 22) de jure 10th Baron Willoughby de Eresby. Margaret Jenney Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 15) by marriage Baroness Willoughby de Eresby.

King Edward IV of England (age 32) had father and son Richard Welles 7th Baron Welles, Baron Willoughby and Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles posthumously attainted some five years after the Welles' Rebellion to ensure Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby (age 42) would continue to enjoy the benefit of the Welles' estates; he was given a life interest in the estates on 23 Jan 1475. Another example of King Edward IV of England (age 32) being somewhat disingenuous with the legal system to his own advantage. He, Edward (age 32) was, in effect, disinheriting Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby (age 22) who should have inherited Baron Willoughby de Eresby and John Welles 1st Viscount Welles (age 25) who should have inherited Baron Welles following Joan's death.

Around 1485 John Welles 1st Viscount Welles (age 35) succeeded 10th Baron Welles when the attainders on Richard Welles 7th Baron Welles, Baron Willoughby and Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles were reversed.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Battle of Nibley Green

On 20 Mar 1470 the army of William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (age 44) including Maurice Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley (age 35) defeated the army of Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle (age 21) at Nibley Green, Berkeley.

Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle (age 21) was killed. Viscount Lisle extinct. Baron Lisle abeyant.

Ostensibly a battle of the Wars of the Roses it may also be considered a settling of the dispute over the ownership of Berkeley Castle [Map] which has passed with the Baron Berkeley Feudal to William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley (age 44) rather than with Baron Berkeley which was abeyant, and of which Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle (age 21) was a potential heir. Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle (age 21) was born to John Talbot 1st Viscount Lisle whose mother was Margaret Beauchamp Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford whose mother was Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick who was a daughter of Thomas Berkeley 10th and 5th Baron Berkeley, Baron Lisle.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Earldom of Northumberland returned to the Percy Family

On 27 Mar 1470 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford (age 9) was created 1st Duke Bedford by King Edward IV of England (age 27) in preparation for his marriage to Elizabeth York Queen Consort England (age 4) which didn't, in the end, take place. He, George, was nephew to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 41) whose defection to the Lancastrian side may have caused the King to change his mind about his daughter's marriage. The attainder of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (age 39), if it was enacted, would have resulted in the King appropriating the his estate.

On 27 Mar 1470 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (age 39) revoked his title of Earl of Northumberland so that the Earldom could be given to Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 21) of the Percy family who were its traditional holders. A deeply unpopular move with the Neville family who had been longstanding enemies of the Percies in the North. He was created 1st Marquess Montagu instead. Possibly a consequence of the defection of Warwick the Kingmaker (age 41) to the Lancastrian cause as evidenced by the Welles Rebellion earlier in the year.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Angers Agreement and Restoration of King Henry VI

On 22 Jul 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker (age 41), King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 48) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England (age 40) signed the Angers Agreement at Angers Cathedral [Map]. The agreement had been brokered by King Louis XI of France (age 47). Edward of Westinster Prince of Wales (age 16) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England (age 14) were betrothed as part of the Agreement.

On 13 Sep 1470 Warwick the Kingmaker (age 41) and George (age 20) landed at Dartmouth, Devon and/or Plymouth, Devon [Map].

On 02 Oct 1470 King Edward IV of England (age 28) fled from King's Lynn, Norfolk [Map] to the court of Charles the Bold (age 36) who married to his sister Margaret (age 24) two years earlier.

On 03 Oct 1470 Henry VI (age 48) was re-adepted, ie restored, King England.

Thomas Tresham (age 50) was released.

In Nov 1470 King Edward IV of England (age 28) was attainted. George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 21) was awarded the Duchy of York.

On 13 Dec 1470 Edward of Westinster Prince of Wales (age 17) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England (age 14) were married at Angers Cathedral [Map]. She by marriage Princess of Wales. She the daughter of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 42) and Anne Beauchamp 16th Countess Warwick (age 44). He the son of King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 49) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England (age 40). They were half third cousins. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Edward IV lands at Ravenspur

On 14 Mar 1471 King Edward IV of England (age 28) landed at Ravenspur [Map] with William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 40).

Archaeologia Volume 21 Section III Chapter I. From the time our Sovereign Lord Edward, by the Grace of God, King of England and Lord of Ireland, departed from the Province of Zealand, and embarked, the 10th day of March, on the seas, he experienced exceeding bad weather and heavy tempests, so that he reached his kingdom of England, with his followers, in great peril and danger, on the 14th day of the said month; and landing on the northern coasta, they took from thence the road leading to the city of York, where they arrived on the 18th, and then proceeded by such forced marches, that they got to the river Trent, which is about the centre of the kingdom, on the 21st. Here they received intelligence that the Earl of Oxford was posted at a ford, and was assembling men, in order to guard the passage; but our sovereign lord advanced within so short a distance of the earl, that the latter presently took to flight; whereupon the king marched straight forward towards his grand rebel and traitor the Earl of Warwick, who by this time had taken the field with a powerful force, but he also being informed of the approach of our sovereign lord, retired with his men on the 27th day of the same month, within a strong closed city called Coventry; before which city, our sovereign lord, on the 29th of the said month, drew up his whole army in battle array.

Note a. At Ravenspurgh [Map], on the Holderness side of the Humber.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (age 28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by his brothers George (age 21) and Richard (age 18), John Babington (age 48), Wiliam Hastings (age 40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings, William Norreys (age 30), William Parr (age 37), John Savage (age 49), William Bourchier Viscount Bourchier (age 41), Thomas St Leger (age 31), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley, 3rd Baron Tuchet (age 45), Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh (age 40), John Scott Comptroller (age 48) and Thomas Strickland.

The Yorkists William Blount (age 29), Humphrey Bourchier (age 40), Humphrey Bourchier (age 36), Henry Stafford (age 46) and Thomas Parr were killed.

The Lancastrians ...

Warwick the Kingmaker (age 42) was killed. Earl Salisbury forfeit on the assumption he was attainted either before or after his death; the date of his attainder is unknown. If not attainted the Earldom may be in abeyance. Baron Montagu and Baron Montagu abeyant between his two daughters Isabel Neville Duchess Clarence (age 19) and Anne Neville Queen Consort England (age 14).

John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (age 40) was killed. Marquess Montagu extinct. He was buried at Bisham Abbey [Map].

William Tyrrell was killed.

William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele (age 43) was killed. His son Henry Fiennes 3rd Baron Saye and Sele (age 25) succeeded 3rd Baron Saye and Sele. Anne Harcourt Baroness Saye and Sele by marriage Baroness Saye and Sele.

Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (age 40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford (age 46) and John Paston (age 27) were wounded, John de Vere 13th Earl of Oxford (age 28) commanded, and John Paston (age 29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 33) fought.

Robert Harleston (age 36) was killed.

Thomas Hen Salusbury (age 62) was killed.

Thomas Tresham (age 51) escaped but was subsequently captured and executed on 06 May 1471.

On 17 May 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham (age 43) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map] for no specific reason other than his having a significant amount of Plantagenet blood and was, therefore, considered a threat by Henry VIII (age 29). He was posthumously attainted by Act of Parliament on 31 July 1523, disinheriting his children. He was buried at St Peter's Church, Britford [Map]. Duke of Buckingham, Earl Stafford and Baron Stafford extinct.

His father Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham had been executed for his part in Buckingham's Rebellion, his great-grandfather Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham was killed at the 1460 Battle of Northampton, and his great-great grand-father was killed at the Battle of Shrewsbury, not forgetting his great-uncle Henry Stafford who was killed at the Battle of Barnet and his daughter Margaret Stafford (age 10) who was burned at the stake for her part in Bigod's Rebellion.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Margaret Anjou lands at Weymouth

Archaeologia Volume 21 Section III Chapter II. How the Queen Margaret, and the Prince of Wales her son, arrived in England [Margaret Anjou lands at Weymouth]; how after their arrival they assembled a vast army; of the great battle [Battle of Tewkesbury] King Edward fought with them, and how the Prince of Wales was therein slain, and great numbers with him routed.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Battle of Tewkesbury

On 04 May 1471 King Edward IV of England (age 29) was victorious at the Battle of Tewkesbury. His brother Richard (age 18), Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick (age 36), John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 46), George Neville 4th and 2nd Baron Bergavenny (age 31), John Savage (age 49), John Savage (age 27), Thomas St Leger (age 31), John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley, 3rd Baron Tuchet (age 45), Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh (age 40) fought. William Brandon (age 46), George Browne (age 31), Ralph Hastings, Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby (age 38), James Tyrrell (age 16), Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley (age 38) were knighted. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 40) commanded.

Margaret of Anjou (age 41) was captured. Her son Edward of Westinster Prince of Wales (age 17) was killed. He was the last of the Lancastrian line excluding the illegitmate Charles Somerset 1st Earl of Worcester (age 11) whose line continues to the present.

John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon (age 36) was killed and attainted. Earl Devon, Baron Courtenay forfeit. Some sources refer to these titles as being abeyant?

John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock (age 71) was killed. Baron Wenlock extinct.

John Delves (age 49), Humphrey Tuchet (age 37), John Beaufort (age 30), William Vaux of Harrowden (age 35) and Robert Whittingham (age 42) were killed.

Edmund Beaufort 3rd Duke of Somerset (age 32) and Hugh Courtenay (age 44) were captured.

Henry Roos fought and escaped to Tewkesbury Abbey [Map] where he sought sanctuary. He was subsequently pardoned.

On 05 May 1471 those captured at the Battle of Tewkesbury were tried in the Market Square Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire [Map] by John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 46) and the Duke of Gloucester (age 18): Edmund Beaufort 3rd Duke of Somerset (age 32), Hugh Courtenay (age 44), Gervase Clifton (age 66), Thomas Tresham (deceased) and Humphrey Tuchet (deceased).

On 06 May 1471 those captured at the Battle of Tewkesbury: Edmund Beaufort 3rd Duke of Somerset (age 32), Hugh Courtenay (age 44), Gervase Clifton (age 66), Thomas Tresham (deceased) and Humphrey Tuchet (deceased) were executed. Duke Somerset extinct.

Archaeologia Volume 21 Section III Chapter III. How the Duke of Somerset and, the Prior of Saint John, with several other Knights and Squires, made prisoners at the Battle [Battle of Tewkesbury], were beheaded in the Town of Tewksbury.

Archaeologia Volume 21 Section III Chapter IV. Here follow the Names of those who were hilled at the last Battle [Battle of Tewkesbury] which took place at Tewksbury, the 14th of May 1471.

First;

Edward, called Prince of Wales,

Sir John of Somerset,

The Lord of Weneloch,

Sir Edmund Hampden,

Sir John Wellenor,

Sir William Roos,

Sir John Delues,

Sir William de Vauby,

Sir William Fildind,

Sir Robert Wininguem,

Sir Nycolas Herby, and several others, making a thousand.

Here follow the Names of those who were beheaded. First

The Duke of Somerset,

Sir William Votary,

The Prior of St. John, called Sir John Longhenstod,

Sir Gervase Clifton,

Henry Tresham,

John Delues,

Walter Courtnay,

Loys Mills,

John Flory,

Robert Jackson,

John Sowen,

Sir Thomas Tresham,

Sir William Webingh,

Sir Hunerefry,

William Grynnsby, judged to death, and pardoned.

Archaeologia Volume 21 Section III Chapter II. How the Queen Margaret, and the Prince of Wales her son, arrived in England [Margaret Anjou lands at Weymouth]; how after their arrival they assembled a vast army; of the great battle [Battle of Tewkesbury] King Edward fought with them, and how the Prince of Wales was therein slain, and great numbers with him routed.

2nd Millennium, 15th Century Events, 1469-1479 Second War of the Wars of the Roses Warwick Rebels, Death of King Henry VI

On 21 May 1471 Henry VI (age 49) died (possibly murdered) in the Wakefield Tower in the Tower of London [Map].

Archaeologia Volume 21 Section III Chapter IV. All these events having come to the knowledge of Henry, lately stiled king, but then a prisoner in the Tower of London, he took them so much to heart, that through displeasure and melancholy, he departed this life on the 24th of the said month of June.