1910-1920 First World War

1910-1920 First World War is in 20th Century Events.

Coronation of George V

On 22 Jun 1911 George V King United Kingdom (age 46) was crowned V King of the United Kingdom. Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England (age 44) was crowned Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland.

Dorothy Margaret Browne (age 23) bore Queen Mary's train.

Edward Knollys 2nd Viscount Knollys (age 16) carried the King's train

South Pole Reached

On 14 Dec 1911 the South Pole was reached for the first time by an expedition led by Roald Amundsen. The expedition led by Robert Falcon Scott reached the pole some thirty-four days later.

First World War

On 13 Oct 1914 Maximilian Friedrich Hesse-Kassel (age 19) was killed.

In 1915 Yvo Alan Charteris (age 19) was killed during the First World War.

On 02 Oct 1915 Ninian Edward Crichton-Stuart (age 32) was killed during the First World War.

In 1916 Hugo Francis Charteris (age 32) was killed at Egypt during the First World War.

On 12 Sep 1916 Friedrich Wilhelm Hesse-Kassel (age 22) was killed.

On 06 Aug 1917 Gavin William Esmond Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound (age 22) was killed during the First World War.

1914 Battle of Aisne

On 09 Sep 1914 Captain Percy Lyulph Wyndham (age 26) missing presumed killed in action whilst serving with the 11 Guards Brigade at the 1914 Battle of Aisne.

Raid on Scarborough Hartlepool and Whitby

On 16 Dec 1914 the German Navy bombarded Scarborough [Map], Hartlepool and Whitby. Around 137 were killed, around 600 injured.

First Battle of Ypres

On 28 Oct 1914 Charles Almeric Cholmondeley (age 34) was killed in action

On 29 Oct 1914 Arthur John Hamilton (age 31) was killed.

On 29 Oct 1914 Richard Wellesley (age 35) was killed in action.

On 01 Nov 1914 Arthur Orlando Wolstan Cecil Weld-Forester (age 37) died from wounds received in action at First Battle of Ypres.

Battle of Coronel

On 01 Nov 1914 Peter Robert Heathcote-Willoughby-Drummond (age 28) was killed in the sinking of Monmouth at Coronel during the Battle of Coronel.

Bombing of Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn

On the morning of 19 Jan 1915 two German Zeppelin airships, the L3 and L4, took off from Fuhlsbüttel in Hamburg, Germany, on the first Zeppelin raid over England. The airships had been heading for the Humber, but bad weather led them to reroute and discharge their bombs over Norfolk. Sheringham was hit by two bombs from a Zeppelin raid at 20:30 GMT on 18 January 1915, making it the first place in Britain to be attacked by Zeppelins. No one was killed. At St Peter's Plain, Great Yarmouth, the bombing's two fatalities were killed instantly. Samuel Smith, a 53-year-old shoemaker, was the first British civilian to be killed by aerial bombardment. He was said to be standing in the road when the bomb dropped. Martha Taylor, 72, lived at 22 St Peter’s Plain, and was next to be killed in the attack. At King's Lynn bombs were killed Alice Gazeley, 26 – widowed just 3 months earlier after her husband had been killed on the Western Front – and Percy Goate, aged 14. A further 13 people were injured, as further bombs went on to destroy densely-packed terraced houses and damage the town’s docks.

Bombing of London

On 31 May 1915 the first bombs were dropped on London by Zeppelin LZ38; they killed seven people. The first bomb, an incendiary, was dropped on 16 Alkham Road. Moving south it dropped eight more bombs. Its ninth landed on 33 Cowper Road setting the house on fire killed 3-year-old Elsie Leggatt and her 11-year-old sister, Elizabeth May. The next incendiary set fire to 187 Balls Pond Road causing the death of the married couple, Henry and Caroline Good. Steering away from the Tower of London, and, over Whitechapel LZ 38 dropped another explosive on Christian Street: 8-year-old Samuel Reuben and 16-year-old Leah Lehrman were killed. The seventh and last victim was Eleanor Willis, 67, who died of shock two days later. In total Zeppelin LZ 38 dropped 91 incendiaries, 28 explosive bombs and 2 grenades.

Gallipoli Campaign

The Gallipoli Campaign was a military campaign in the First World War on the Gallipoli peninsula (now Gelibolu) from 19 Feb 1915 to 9 January 1916.

Battle of Loos

From 25 Sep 1915 and 08 Oct 1915 the Battle of Loos was fought in France on the Western Front. The Zeppelin airships crossed the Norfolk coastline at about 8.30pm. The L3, captained by Captain Lieutenant Johann Fritz, then turned south east, towards Great Yarmouth, and the L4, under the command of Kapitanleutnant Count Magnus von Platen-Hallermund, turned north west, towards King’s Lynn.

On 28 Sep 1915 Thomas Agar-Robartes (age 35) was wounded in the Battle of Loos.

On 29 Sep 1915 Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur George Edward Egerton (age 36) was killed in action at the Battle of Loos.

Around 01 Oct 1915 Clement Freeman-Mitford was killed in action at the Battle of Loos.

Sinking of the SS Persia

On 30 Dec 1915 Eleanor Thornton (age 35) drowned during the Sinking of the SS Persia.

On 30 Dec 1915 the SS Persia was torpedoed near Crete without warning by the German U-boat U-38, commanded by Max Valentiner. It sank in five to ten minutes, killing 343 of the 519 aboard.

John Douglas-Scott-Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu (age 49) survived. His mistress Eleanor Thornton (age 35) drowned.

1916 Faversham Explosion

On 02 Apr 1916, at 14:20, a store of 200 tons of TNT exploded at a gunpowder mill at Uplees, near Faversham in Kent. As it was a Sunday, no women were at work. There were 115 deaths of men and boys, including all the Works Fire Brigade, in the explosion and in subsequent sympathetic detonations. The bodies of seven victims were never found; 108 corpses were buried in a mass grave at Faversham Cemetery on 6 April.

Battle of Jutland

In 1916 Algernon William Percy (age 32) was killed during the Battle of Jutland.

Around 30 May 1916 Cecil Molyneux (age 16) was killed in action at the Battle of Jutland.

Oscar Parkes (age 30). HMS 'Southampton on the morning of the Battle of Jutland, 31 May 1916.

On 31 May 1916 Victor Alexander Ewart was killed at the Battle of Jutland serving on HMS Queen Mary.

From 31 May 1916 to 01 Jun 1916 the Battle of Jutland was fought between the British and German fleets.

After 31 May 1916 in the Battle of Jutland HMS Southampton torpedoed the German light cruiser SMS Frauenlob, which subsequently sank.

On 07 Jun 1916 Leading Seaman James Horace Wainscott died from wounds received at the Battle of Jutland whilst serving aboard HMS Southampton. Grave at All Hallows' Church Harthill [Map].

Battle of Flers-Courcelette

On 15 Sep 1916 Charles William Reginald Duncombe 2nd Earl Feversham (age 37) was killed in action at Flers-Courcelette, Somme during the Battle of Flers-Courcelette.

Note. Charles Duncombe 3rd Earl Feversham (age 9) succeeded 3rd Earl Feversham, 5th Baron Feversham of Duncombe Park in Yorkshire.

Battle of the Somme

On 01 Jul 1916 Captain John Macfarlane Charlton (age 21) was killed in action on his twenty-first birthday on the first day of the Battle of the Somme seven days after the death of his elder brother Lieutenant Hugh Vaughan Charlton.

On 15 Sep 1916 Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Paston Mack (age 53) was killed in action at the Battle of the Somme. Memorial at St Margaret's Church, Paston [Map].

Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Paston Mack: On 22 Jan 1863 he was born to John Mack of Paston Hall.

On 16 Sep 1916 Guy Baring (age 43) was killed in action during the Battle of the Somme. Seventeen officers and six-hundred and ninety other ranks went into battle, but only three officers survived (one injured) and two-hundred and twenty-one other ranks. Baring was buried in Citadel New Military Cemetery

On 22 Sep 1916 Edward Wyndham Tennant (age 19) was killed in action at the Battle of the Somme. Sculpted by Allan Gairdner Wyon (age 34). Salisbury Cathedral [Map].

Edward Wyndham Tennant: On 01 Jul 1897 he was born to Edward Tennant 1st Baron Glenconner and Pamela Wyndham Viscountess Grey.

On 01 Apr 1917 Second Lieutenant Robert Bosse (age 27) died from wounds received at the Battle of the Somme. He was buried at Tempeux-la-Fosse and subsequently buried at Peronne Communal Cemetery. Memorial at Holy Trinity Church, Eccleshall [Map].

Second Lieutenant Robert Bosse: On 19 May 1889 he was born at Eccleshall, Staffordshire.

1917 Silvertown Explosion

On 19 Jan 1917 the Silvertown Explosion was an explosion at a munitions factory that killed seventy-three people and injured four hundredn more.

Battle of Istabulat

On 21 Apr 1917 Henry Molyneux Paget Howard 19th Earl Suffolk 12th Earl Berkshire (age 39) was killed in action when a piece of shrapnel entered his heart. His son Charles Howard 20th Earl of Suffolk, 13th Earl Berkshire (age 11) succeeded 20th Earl Suffolk, 13th Earl Berkshire.

Battle of Passchendaele

On 31 Jul 1917 Albert Edward George Arnold Keppel (age 19) was killed in action at Passchendaele.