Biography of Nicholas Brembre -1388

1381 Peasants' Revolt

1388 Merciless Parliament

Peasants' Revolt

Calendars. 15 Jun 1381. Commission of oyer and terminer to William Walleworth, mayor of London, Robert Bealknapp, Robert Knolles, Nicholas Brembre, John Philipot, Robert Launde, and William Cheyne, on information that great crowds of labourers and others have collected together, especially in the counties of Essex, Kent, Surrey, Sussex, and Middlesex, compelled their betters to go with them, killed many of the king's lieges, and burned many houses, entered the city of London, and burned the house of the king's uncle John, duke of Lancaster (age 41), called the 'Sauveye [Map],' and the priory in Clerkenwelle of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, and killed Simon, archbishop of Canterbury (deceased) and chancellor, and Robert de Hales (deceased), prior of the said Hospital. By К. June 15. London.

Calendars. 15 Jul 1381. Appointment of William Walleworth, mayor, Robert Knolles, John London. Philippot, Nicholas Brembre, and Robert Launde to take order for the safety of the city and suburbs of London. By K.

Calendars. 30 Oct 1381. Protection with clause volumus, for one year, for Nicholas de Brembre of London, knight, his men and possessions; he is not to be oppressed by the taking of entertainment (herbergugii) in his manors in Middlesex against his will, except for the king himself and his household, when he comes in person.

Calendars. 01 Mar 1382. Coinmission to Robert Tresilian, Robert Bealknap, William Skipwyth, Nicholas Brembre, William Gunthorp, Adapı de Bury and William Spaigné to examine the record and process and correct any error therein, or in the judgment rendered, in the suit before the mayor of Cales between William de Montagu (age 53), Earl of Salisbury, proctor and attorney of John Buterleigh and Alesia his wife, executrix of the will of William Teynturer the younger, late citizen of Salisbury, William Warmwell and William Loerde, her co- executors, and one William Gilbert called Salesbury,' touching a debt of 3291. which the earl demanded from the said Gilbert, and to do justice therein according to the law and custom obtaining in Cales.

Calendars. 20 Mar 1382. Commission to John de Cobleham, Robert de Asshton, constable of Dover castle and warden of the Cinque Ports, Robert Bealknap, John Philipot, Nicholas Brembre, John Newenton, John Horne son of Nicholas Horue, William Rykhull, Thomas Shardelowe, William Symme and Adam Elys to enquire who are responsible for the repair of the bridge of Rochester [Map] over the Medeweye, which is in such ruin as to be impassable, and to compel them to repair it.

Calendars. 05 Sep 1382. Grant, to Sir Nicholas Brembre, merchant of the city of London, in satisfaction of 2,000 marks lent by him to the king to discharge a debt to Sir Bertrucat de Lebret, of half a mark from the subsidy of each sack of wool and woul-feils passing out of the ports of London and Boston, with the custody of one part ( foille) of the coket seal in the latter port, until the loan be fully paid. French. By K. and C. Mandate in pursuance to the controller and collectors of customs in the port of Boston. The like to the controller and collectors in the port of London.

Calendars. 21 Dec 1382. Commission to Nicholus, Abbot of Westminster, William Walleworth, Nicholas Brembre, John Philipot, Adam Fraunceys, William Cheyne, Henry Frowyk, Thomas Charleton, Nicholas Exton, John Durham, Godfrey atte Pyrye, John Shordissh, John Samford, and William Barnevyll, reciting the treasonable insurrection of divers evil-doers in congregations and conventicles, and their perpetration of treasons, homicides, arsons, &c., and appointing the aforesaid commissioners, with the advice of the nobles and magnates of the late Parliament, for the establishment of quiet, to keep the peace in the county of Middlesex, empowering them to arrest, imprison and punish such rebels, and any who incite to rebellion, to suppress their meet- ings, arrest their goods, or take security as they think fit. If the meetings are suspicious or in excessive number they are to take the posse comitatus, both knights and esquires, lead them against the rebels, seize any found committing the offences aforesaid and do justice upon them without delay. They are also appointed commissioners of oyer and terminer in respect of the premises, with power to arrest, imprison, and punish any who refuse to assist them. By K. and C.

Calendars. 11 Mar 1384. Commission to Nicholas Brembre, mayor of London, to arrest and bring Westninster to Newgate gaol [Map] all felons and evildoers notoriously suspected of coming nightly out of places ecclesiastically privileged, assembling in the city and suburbs to commit divers felonies, robberies, thefts, murders, &c. and after committing them, retiring by night to the said places for sanctuary, and also all such as are indicted therefor. By С.

Calendars. 28 Jun 1384. Commission de walliis, fossatis, etc. to the Abbot of Stratford, Nicholas Brembre, mayor of London, Robert Bealknap, Nicholas Carreu, William Rykehull, Richard Ryal and Roger Germeyn, upon the bank (costeram) of the Thames from Stratford atte Bowe to Berkyng, co. Essex.

Calendars. 06 Jul 1384. Commission to Robert Tresilian, Nicholas Brembre, mayor, Simon Westminster. Wynchecombe and John More, sheriffs, of London, and John Charney to enquire touching felonies and treasons in the county of Middlesex. By C.

Calendars. 02 Jan 1385. Grant to Thomas Cotion of the deanery of Fordham, in the diocese of Windsor. Norwich, void by the resignation of William de Bakton and in the king's gift by reason of the temporalities of that see being in his hands. By signet letter. Mandate in pursuance to H. Bishop of Norwich. Grant to Agnes Hale, to whom John Norhampton, late citizen of London, was indebted in the sum of 711. 10s., as found by inquisition taken before Nicholas Brembre, mayor of London, and the king's escheator therein, and who, unless she is paid, is utterly undone, that she may receive as full payment thereof from certain persons who were indebted to the said John, and who are now, by reason of the judgment against him, the king's debtors, the following sums, viz. from Herman, Abbot of Stratford, 201. 58. from John Preston, prior of Prestelsham, 91. 58. and from Geoffrey Greg, taverner, 401. By signet letter.

Calendars. 12 Feb 1385. Commission to W. Bishop of  Winchester (age 65), Thomas, Bishop of  Exeter, Richard, Earl of Arundel (age 39), Robert, Earl of Oxford (age 23), Thomas, Earl of Nottingham (age 16), Hugh de Segrave (age 89), treasurer of England, Simon de Burley (age 45), under-chamberlain, Nicholas Brembre, mayor of London, John Clanvowe and Robert Plesyngton, knights, Master Walter Skirlawe, keeper of the privy seal, John Waltham, keeper of the rolls of Chancery, John Appelby, dean of St. Paul's, London, Richard Rounhale and Thomas Bacton, clerks,

After 14 Nov 1387 Nicholas Brembre was imprisoned at Gloucester, Gloucestershire [Map].

On 28 Jan 1388 Nicholas Brembre was imprisoned at Tower of London [Map].

Merciless Parliament

On 03 Feb 1388 the Merciless Parliament commenced. It ended on 04 Jun 1388. Its primary function was to prosecute members of the Court of King Richard II of England (age 21). The term "Merciless" is contemporary having been coined by the chronicler Henry Knighton.

Michael de la Pole 1st Earl Suffolk (age 58) was sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered in his absence. He had escaped to France.

Archbishop Alexander Neville (age 47) was found guilty of treason and it was determined to imprison him for life in Rochester Castle [Map]. He fled to Louvain where he became a parish priest for the remainder of his life.

On 19 Feb 1388 Robert Tresilian Chief Justice was hanged naked and his throat cut. See Chronicle of Adam of Usk.

On 25 Mar 1388 Nicholas Brembre was hanged. He was buried at Christ Church Greyfriars [Map].

On 05 May 1388 Simon Burley (age 48) was executed despite the protestations of his friend Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York (age 46). See Chronicle of Adam of Usk.

On 12 May 1388 John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp (age 69) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. He was buried at Worcester Cathedral [Map].

Robert de Vere 1st Duke Ireland (age 26) was attainted.

Froissart. 1397. News of this event was sooner known in France and Flanders than in England. The French rejoiced much at it; for it was commonly reported that there would never be any solid peace between France and England as long as the duke of Gloucester (age 41) lived; and it was well remembered, that in the negotiations for peace he was more obstinate in his opinions than either of his brothers; and, for this reason, his death was no loss to France. In like manner, many knights and squires of the king of England's household, who were afraid of him, for his severe and rough manners, were pleased at his death. They recounted how he had driven the duke of Ireland to banishment, and had ignominiously beheaded that prudent and gallant knight sir Simon Burley, who had been so much beloved by the prince of Wales, and had done essential services to his country. The deaths of sir Robert Trevilian, sir Nicholas Bramber, sir John Standwich, and others, were not forgotten, so that the duke of Gloucester (age 41) was but little lamented in England, except by those who were of his party and manner of thinking.

Calendars. 26 Sep 1484. Grant, for the peace and tranquillity of the city, to the mayor and commonalty of London and their successors, that if the king should hereafter deal in mercy with the lives of John Norhampton, draper, late mayor of London, John More, mercer, and Richard Norbury, who with others lately made insurrection against the king's peace and Nicholas Brembre, the mayor, and the governors of the city and its government, for which they were indicted and, after acknowledging their misdeeds before the king and council in his presence and being separately arraigned before John de Monte Acuto, steward of the household and the other justices assigned to deliver the prison of the Tower of London [Map] of them, were condemned to be drawn and quartered, but execution, so far as their lives were concerned, was respited by the king's grace,-that they shall be sent to prisons in different counties 100 leagues distant from the city for ten years, and not then be released until they have found security that no evil or prejudice shall befall the city or any of the king's lieges thereby. If they should be released they are inhibited, under pain of losing their lives, from coming within 100 leagues of the city, and any one guilty of making suit or maintenance on their behalf is to be imprisoned and forfeit his goods. For the strengthening of good government in the city and for the punishinent of rioters and those who are guilty of such assemblies, congregations, covins or insurrections, this grant is to remain in force without revocation. By signet letter.