Culture, General Things, Church Monuments, Church Monument Periods, Camail and Jupon Period

Camail and Jupon Period is in Church Monument Periods.

Around 1340 the Camail and Jupon Period starts; around the time of the commencement of the Hundred Years War. Knights wear a bascinet with camail and a jupon. The Camail and Jupon Period is also characterised by the heavy belts slung low on the hips from which the sword was slung. Effigies of this period are characterised by having facial hair, and their hands clasped in prayer on the chest. Male effigies of this period have their head resting on Great Helms usually surmounted by their Crest.

After 1358. St John the Baptist's Church, Tideswell [Map]. John Foljambe (age 58). Camail and Jupon Period.

John Foljambe: Around 1300 he was born to Thomas Foljambe IV of Tideswell. On 04 Aug 1358 John Foljambe died.

After 10 Aug 1358. Monument to Piers Grandison 2nd Baron Grandison. Lady Chapel of Hereford Cathedral [Map]. Mid 14th-century, altar-tomb with effigy and canopy, altar-tomb with range of cinquefoil-headed panels in front and panelled buttresses at ends carried up to the cornice of the canopy, effigy in mixed mail and plate-armour with camail and ridged bascinet, hauberk with scalloped lower edge, cyclas, enriched Hip Belt with dagger hanging in front and sword at side, head on cushions and feet on hound; recess with panelled back, moulded jambs and square head enriched with Paterae and trefoiled and sub-cusped pendant tracery below the head; vaulted soffit to canopy; canopy with range of six bays of open arcading with trefoiled and sub-cusped heads, crockets and finials, in arcading two headless figures of the Coronation of the Virgin, headless figure with book, archbishop with cross-staff, St. John the Baptist holding a roundel with the Agnus Dei, and a bishop, last four figures brought from elsewhere; canopy finished with enriched cornice and pierced parapet with quatrefoils and cusped cresting.

Piers Grandison 2nd Baron Grandison: He was born to William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison and Sibylla Tregoz Baroness Grandison at Ashperton, Ledbury. On 27 Jun 1335 William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison died at Lambourne. His son Piers Grandison 2nd Baron Grandison succeeded 2nd Baron Grandison. Blanche Mortimer Baroness Grandison by marriage Baroness Grandison. In or before 1340 Piers Grandison 2nd Baron Grandison and Blanche Mortimer Baroness Grandison were married. She the daughter of Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March and Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer 2nd Baroness Geneville. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King John "Lackland" of England. On 10 Aug 1358 Piers Grandison 2nd Baron Grandison died at Ashperton, Ledbury. His brother Bishop John Grandison 3rd Baron Grandison succeeded 3rd Baron Grandison.

After 10 Jul 1359. Monument to William Greystoke 2nd Baron Greystoke (deceased) in St Andrew's Church, Greystoke [Map]. Camail and Jupon Period. On his head he wears the bascinet with a camail. The jupon under which his coat of chain mail may be seen. His sword belt is low on his jupon, horizontal.

After 1361. Monument to John Wingfield (deceased) in St Andrew's Church, Wingfield [Map]. Camail and Jupon Period.

John Wingfield: In 1320 he was born to John Wingfield. In 1361 John Wingfield died.

In 1369 Richard Willoughby died. Monument in St Mary & All Saints Church, Willoughby-on-the-Wolds [Map]. Camail and Jupon Period.

Richard Willoughby: He was born to Richard Willoughby.

After 23 May 1373. St Chad's Church, Longford [Map]. Monument to Nicholas II Longford (deceased). Camail and Jupon Period.

Nicholas II Longford: Around 1334 he was born to Nicholas Longford and Alice Boteler at Longford. On 03 Apr 1347 Nicholas II Longford and Alice Deincourt were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. On 23 May 1373 Nicholas II Longford died at Longford.

On 26 Jul 1375 Richard Pembridge (age 55) died. Hereford Cathedral [Map]. Alabaster altar-tomb and effigy, altar-tomb with moulded base and capping, sides and ends panelled with alternate quatrefoils enclosing shields of his arms and trefoil-headed panels; effigy in bascinet, Camail and Jupon Period. His jupon with same arms as his shield. Hip Belt, Leg Garter, right leg modern, head on helm crested with a Feathered Crest, feet on hound.

On 07 Sep 1384 John Harsick III died. Brass in Church of St George, South Acre [Map] of John Harsick III and his wife Catherine Calthorpe holding hands. Great Helm with Feathers. Camail and Jupon Period. His coat of arms Harsick. Her showing Harsick Arms impaled with Calthorp Arms. At his feet a lion couchant, at hers a dog couchant. Inscription: Hic iacet Dns. Johes. Harsick Miles eiusoem Nominis tertius, qui obiit Serto die Septembris Ano Dni. Mccclxxxiv. cuius anime propicictur Deus Amen, et Domina Katherina Uxor.

Around 1387 Hugh Segrave Lord Treasurer (age 91) was buried at Dorchester Abbey, Oxfordshire [Map]. His. Monument of the Camail and Jupon Period.

On 25 Feb 1387 John Grey aka Marmion (age 44) died in Spain. In 1400 Elizabeth St Quentin (age 53) died.

Monument in St Nicholas Church, West Tanfield [Map]. Camail and Jupon Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Hip Belt. Feathered Crest on Great Helm. Angels Supporting Pillow. His bascinet has decorated edges with the camail appearig to attach inside the bascinet. Decorated flat band. She wearing a unusual headress which appears to be a cross between Gabled Headress and Bongrace. Her dress long with a Low Rounded Neckline and appears to be decoated with an armorial: vair at the top, chevrons at the bottom, which may be Marmion Arms or a variation of.

John Grey aka Marmion: In 1343 he was born to John Grey 1st Baron Grey and Avice Marmion Baroness Grey Rotherfield. Before 25 Feb 1387 John Grey aka Marmion and Elizabeth St Quentin were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Elizabeth St Quentin: Before 1347 she was born to Herbert St Quentin and Mary Lisle.

Robert de Fouleshurst: Around 1330 he was born. Before 1366 Robert de Fouleshurst and Elizabeth de Praers were married.

After 1389. Monument to John Montagu 1st Baron Montagu, Baron Monthermer (deceased). Camail and Jupon Period. Salisbury Cathedral [Map].

After 31 Aug 1401. St Chad's Church, Longford [Map]. Monument to Nicholas III Longford (deceased). Lancastrian Esses Collar. Camail and Jupon Period. Curious helm crest which at first sight appears to be surmounted with three mushrooms but on closer inspection is a Feathered Crest; the Longford Crest.

After 21 Jul 1403 Thomas Wendesley (age 59) was buried at All Saint's Church, Bakewell, Derbyshire [Map]. Camail and Jupon Period armour. IHC NASARE Lettering. His Coat of Arms just visible. Lancastrian Esses Collar.

After 21 Jul 1403 Edmund Cockayne (age 47) was buried at St Oswald's Church, Ashbourne [Map]. Monument to Edmund Cockayne (deceased) and his first wife Margaret Longford. Camail and Jupon Period. Cockerel Crest. St Oswald's Church, Ashbourne [Map]. Chest with Weepers holding Shields.

Edmund Cockayne: Edmund Cockayne and Elizabeth Harthill were married. In 1356 he was born to John Cockayne and Cecilia Vernon at Ashbourne.

Margaret Longford: Before 1410 John Cockayne and she were married.

In 1410 John Mainwaring (age 66) died. On 06 Apr 1418 Margaret Stafford (age 73) died. Both buried at St Lawrence's Church, Over Peover [Map].

Monument at St Lawrence's Church, Over Peover [Map]. Camail and Jupon Period. IHC NASARE Lettering. Hip Belt. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Woman Esses Collar.

John Mainwaring: Around 1344 he was born to William "The Elder" IV Mainwaring in Over Peover. Before 1410 John Mainwaring and Margaret Stafford were married.

Margaret Stafford: Around 1345 she was born to John Stafford and Margaret Stafford.

After 01 Sep 1414 William Ros 6th Baron Ros Helmsley (age 44) was buried at Belvoir Priory [Map]. At the dissolution of the monasteries his monument was moved to the Chancel of St Mary the Virgin Church, Bottesford, Leicestershire [Map] on the right side of the High Altar. Alabaster Monument of the Camail and Jupon Period. Possibly Sutton and Prentys.

Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.

Scabbard with IHS. Wire Wrapped Grip. Hip Belt.

Detail of the Ros Family Peacock Crest surmounting his Great Helm.

Detail of decorated Orle and Vervelle Cover.

Detail of Lancastrian Esses Collar and face. Note the twisted moustache that is frequently seen on Sutton and Prentys monuments. The fixing of the Esses Collar to the Camail using a small trefoil.

After 1446. St Bartholemew's Church, Tong [Map]. Monument to Fulk de Pembridge of Tong Castle and Isabel de Lingen (age 76). She the foundress of the church. Camail and Jupon Period. His head rests on a Great Helm with his crest of a Turkish Woman with plaited hair. At his feet a lion, at her feet a fawn albeit no longer with its head. She in widow's clothes with a barbe. Note the curious chain attached to the bottom of her dress.

The Early Plate Bascinet Period has similarities with the preceding Camail and Jupon Period. The primary difference being the bascinet being decorated with an orle as a means of further protection.