Horned Headdress is in Female Headwear.
In 1435 Richard Delamere died, and Isabel his wife, died 1421. Monument in the North Transept of Hereford Cathedral [Map]. Figure of man in plate armour, feet on lion, figure of lady in horned headdress and SS collar, two dogs at feet, double canopy with cinque-foiled and sub-cusped arches and crocketted ogee gables and upper cornice, parts of standards and pinnacles missing, foot inscription and three shields-of-arms (a) Delamere, (b) the same impaling Acton.
After 07 Jun 1438. Monument to John Cockayne (deceased) at St Oswald's Church, Ashbourne [Map]. Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Cockerel Crest (most of which is missing). Horned Headdress. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Possibly Sutton and Prentys.
Before 15 Nov 1448 Hugh Willoughby died. On 15 Nov 1448 Hugh Willoughby was buried at St Mary & All Saints Church, Willoughby-on-the-Wolds [Map]. Monument to Hugh Willoughby and Margaret Freville (age 47). Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Hip Belt. Horned Headdress. Chest with Weepers holding Shields. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar. Angels Supporting Pillow. Possibly Sutton and Prentys.
Effigy of Sir Robert Grushill and Lady. THERE is a monument in Hoveringham Church, Nottinghamshire, to Sir Robert Goushill, or Grushill, and his Lady, Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk, widow of Thomas Mowbray (that Duke of Norfolk who was banished by Richard the Second), daughter and heiress of Richard Earl of Arundela. We do not, however, think, in this single instance, that the drawing has been rightly appropriated on the face of the plate. The male figure evidently represents a Knight of the Garter, and it does not appear that Sir Robert Grushill was of that noble order. Unfortunately, Mr. Stothard omitted to write at the back of his drawing the name of the monument from which it was taken. After his death, one of his antiquarian friends informed his widow that it represented Sir Robert Grushill. The erroneous information was adopted for lettering the etching; and in supplying the notices for the different Effigies we have in vain endeavoured to rectify the mistake. We would not, however, by omitting the subject, deprive the collection laid before the public, of so elegant a specimen of costume, recorded by Mr. C. Stothards pencil, and faithfully etched by Mr. C. J. Smith. The Lady wears a crescent-horned head-dress, rich fret, and a coronet; the Knight, a costly wreath, in front of which is a spreadeagle, and his feet seem to rest on a bird of the same kind. In front of the basinet are the letters IHS. His head rests on his helmet, furnished with a mantelet and panache. He has the collar of SS round his neck. The gussets and brassarts of his armour are elegantly fluted. Below the cuirass, or plastron, is a clearly defined example of the piece of armour to which Mr. Stothard has alluded in one of his letters, under the name of "pance," "bark" or "barde preu." The tassets are, as usual, appended by straps; by which contrivance the free motion of the thigh was allowed. On the left knee is the garter; and over the greaves, below the knee, we think are indented lambrequins of leather or cloth.
Note a. See Thoroton's Nottinghamshire, by Throsby, vol. III. p. 62, where it is stated that, under Sir Robert Grushiil's head is a Moor's head crowned, which disagrees with the figure before us.
Robert Goushill: Before Aug 1401 he and Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk (age 35) were married. She the daughter of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel and Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel and Surrey. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.
After 30 Mar 1461. Monument in Church of St Oswald, Methley [Map] to Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles (deceased) and Joan or Cecily Waterton. He with bobbed hair typical of the period resting on great helm, livery collar of linked chain, standard (the chain mail around the neck), wearing a coat of arms (or (gold) a lion sable (black)), leg garter at the knee, fluted period with tassets that protect the thighs, his feet on a lion. She wearing a horned headdress, her head resting on a cushion supported by angels, small linked collar. Both with hands clasped in prayer with lots of rings. Little dog chewing at her dress. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar. Angels Supporting Pillow.
Joan or Cecily Waterton: She was born to Robert Waterton Constable and Cecily Fleming. Before 14 Apr 1447 Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles (age 41) and she were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.
After 12 Oct 1477. Church of St John The Baptist Kinlet [Map]. Monument to Humphrey Blount (deceased) and Elizabeth Winnington. Fluted Period. He wearing a Suns and Roses Collar. She wearing a fine Horned Headdress with large flap as also detailed in the weepers. Dress Folds at Feet. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar. Chest with Weepers holding Shields.
Humphrey Blount: In 1421 he was born to John Blount (age 44) and Alice Bere at Rock, Worcestershire. In 1446 William Lichfield died. The estates at Kinlet were inherited by Humphrey Blount (age 25) who was the grandson of John Blount of Sodington who had married Isabella Cornwall who was the aunt of William's wife Elizabeth Cornwall (age 36). In or before 1447 Humphrey Blount (age 26) and Elizabeth Winnington were married. On 12 Oct 1477 Humphrey Blount (age 56) died at Kinlet.
Elizabeth Marshall: Around 1437 she was born to John Marshall (age 26).
A finely carved Horned Headdress.
A finely carved collar with Mary and baby Jesus pendant.
Fine Sabatons, the armoured feet, with spurs. Note the Bedesman, looking somewhat bored, under the right foot. Unlikely the sculptor had ever seen a lion. Feet resting on a Lion with Swirling Tail and Chunky Lions Mane.
The chest finely made with weepers on the three extant sides. On one side five single men (a knight, a monk, two merchants and one unknown), and one couple. On the other side women, four single, two duos. Ralph and Elizabeth had twelve children, six male, six female so probable the weepers represent their children, possibly with spouses, possibly with offspring since in the two females duos there is a noticeable difference in height.
Excellent weepers on all sides, probably their issue, possibly with grandchildren, on the longer sides since they had six boys and six girls. Chest with Weepers holding Shields.
Introduction. Of the crescent horned head-dress, with its pendant drapery, constructed, no doubt, upon wires, the figure of Beatrice Countess of Arundel, presents an extravagant instance. The same appendage, arranged in better taste, appears on the female in the plate lettered Sir Robert Grushill and his Lady: and it will be observed worn under the hoods of the female mourners round Beauchamp Earl of Warwick's tomb." The mantle appears to have been given only to married women, in the monuments of the time of Henry the Fourtha."
Note a. Memoir, p. 332.