Biography of Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641

Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641 is in Painters.

On 22 Mar 1599 Anthony Van Dyck was born in Antwerp [Map].

Around 1621 Anthony Van Dyck (age 21). Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel 4th Earl Surrey 1st Earl Norfolk (age 35).

In 1623 Adriaen Hanneman (age 20) travelled to England where he lived for sixteen years where he met and was influenced by Anthony Van Dyck (age 23), Daniel Mijtens (age 33) and Cornelius Johnson (age 29).

Around 1624 Anthony Van Dyck (age 24). Portrait of Sofonisba Anguissola (age 92) aged ninety-two.

In 1624 Anthony Van Dyck (age 24). Portrait of Emanuel Filibert of Savoy (age 35).

Emanuel Filibert of Savoy: On 16 Apr 1588 he was born to Charles Emmanuel Savoy I Duke Savoy and Catherine Habsburg Spain Duchess Savoy. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.67%. On 04 Aug 1624 Emanuel Filibert of Savoy died of plague.

Around 1625 Cornelius Johnson (age 31) had a studio in Blackfriars. As did Anthony Van Dyck (age 25). Blackfriars was within the boundaries of the City of London, but was a liberty and so avoided the monopoly in the City of members of the London painters' Guild.

Around 1628 Anthony Van Dyck (age 28). Portrait of Katherine Manners Duchess Buckingham (age 25).

Around 1628 Anthony Van Dyck (age 28). Portrait of Anne Wake.

Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck (age 32). Portrait of Thomas Wharton (age 16).

Thomas Wharton: On 16 Feb 1615 he was born to Thomas Wharton and Philadelphia Carey. In or before 1647 Thomas Wharton and Mary Carey were married. She the daughter of Henry Carey 1st Earl Dover and Judith Pelham Countess Dover. They were second cousins. On 08 Nov 1684 Thomas Wharton died.

In 1632 Anthony Van Dyck (age 32) was knighted.

Around 1632 Anthony Van Dyck (age 32). Portrait of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

Around 1633 Anthony Van Dyck (age 33). Portrait of James Stewart 4th Duke Lennox.

Around 1633 Anthony Van Dyck (age 33). Portrait of Venetia Stanley (age 33).

Venetia Stanley: In 1600 she was born to Edward Stanley and Lucy Percy at Tong Castle, Shropshire. In 1625 Kenelm Digby and she were married. On 30 Apr 1633 Venetia Stanley died.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck (age 33). Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 32) known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine.

Around 1633 Anthony Van Dyck (age 33). Portrait of William Feilding 1st Earl Denbigh (age 46).

Around 1633 Anthony Van Dyck (age 33). Portrait of Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick (age 45).

Around 1633 Anthony Van Dyck (age 33). Portrait of Lucy Percy Countess Carlisle (age 33).

Lucy Percy Countess Carlisle: In 1600 she was born to Henry "Wizard Earl" Percy 9th Earl of Northumberland and Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland. She was named for her mother's friend Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford. In 1617 James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle and she were married. The difference in their ages was 20 years. She the daughter of Henry "Wizard Earl" Percy 9th Earl of Northumberland and Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland. In 1622 James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle was created 1st Earl Carlisle. She by marriage Countess Carlisle. On 05 Nov 1660 Lucy Percy Countess Carlisle died.

Around 1633 Anthony Van Dyck (age 33). Portrait of Dorothy North Baroness Dacre Gilsland (age 28).

Dorothy North Baroness Dacre Gilsland: In 1605 she was born to Dudley North 3rd Baron North and Frances Brocket. On 04 Jan 1625 Richard Lennard 13th Baron Dacre Gilsland and she were married. She by marriage Baroness Dacre Gilsland. On 21 Apr 1698 Dorothy North Baroness Dacre Gilsland died.

In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck (age 33). Portrait of Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford (age 39).

Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck (age 34). Portrait of Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery (age 49).

Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck (age 34). Portrait of James Stewart 4th Duke Lennox wearing his Leg Garter and Garter Collar.

Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck (age 34). Portrait of Algernon Percy 10th Earl of Northumberland (age 31) and Anne Cecil.

Anne Cecil: She was born to William Cecil 2nd Earl Salisbury and Catherine Howard Countess Salisbury. In 1629 Algernon Percy 10th Earl of Northumberland and she were married. She the daughter of William Cecil 2nd Earl Salisbury and Catherine Howard Countess Salisbury. He the son of Henry "Wizard Earl" Percy 9th Earl of Northumberland and Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland. In 1637 Anne Cecil died.

Around 1634 Anthony Van Dyck (age 34). Portrait of Frederick Henry Orange Nassau II Prince Orange (age 49).

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck (age 35). Portrait of Katherine Wotton Countess Chesterfield (age 26).

In 1635 Anthony Van Dyck (age 35). Portrait of Christian Bruce Countess Devonshire.

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck (age 35). Portrait of James Stanley 7th Earl of Derby (age 27) and Charlotte Thouars Countess Derby (age 35) and their daughter.

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck (age 35). Portrait of Olivia Boteler.

Olivia Boteler: She was born to John Boteler 1st Baron Boteler and Elizabeth Villiers Baroness Boteler Brantfield. she was appointed Lady in Waiting to Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England. Around 1607 Endymion Porter and she were married. On 13 Dec 1663 Olivia Boteler died.

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck (age 35). Portrait of Thomas Killigrew (age 22).

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck (age 35). Portrait of Henry "Wizard Earl" Percy 9th Earl of Northumberland.

Around 1635 Anthony Van Dyck (age 35). Portrait of Anne Carr Countess of Bedford (age 19).

Around 1636 Anthony Van Dyck (age 36). Portrait of Mary Villiers Duchess Lennox.

Around 1636 Anthony Van Dyck (age 36). Portrait of Archbishop William Laud (age 62). Wearing a black Chimere over his white Rochet.

Around 1636 Anthony Van Dyck (age 36). Portrait of James Stewart 4th Duke Lennox.

Around 1636 Anthony Van Dyck (age 36). Portrait of Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford (age 42).

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck (age 37). Portrait of Mary Villiers Duchess Lennox.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck (age 37). Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol (age 24) and William Russell 1st Duke Bedford (age 20).

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck (age 37). Portrait of Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport (age 40).

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck (age 37). Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 36).

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck (age 37). Portrait of Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel and Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck (age 37). Portrait of Mary Ruthven Countess Atholl.

Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck (age 37). Portrait of Mary Villiers Duchess Lennox.

Around 1638. Follower of Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of Anne Boteler Countess Newport and Portland (age 38).

In 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of Thomas Killigrew (age 25) and (probably) William Crofts 1st Baron Crofts (age 27).

Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of Mary Hill (age 23).

Mary Hill: William Killigrew and she were married. Around 1615 she was born. In 1690 she died.

Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of James Hay 2nd Earl Carlisle (age 26).

In 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of Elizabeth Brydges Countess Castlehaven (age 19).

Elizabeth Brydges Countess Castlehaven: In 1619 she was born to Grey Brydges 5th Baron Chandos and Anne Stanley Countess Castlehaven. In or before 1678 James Tuchet 3rd Earl Castlehaven and she were married. She by marriage Countess Castlehaven. She the daughter of Grey Brydges 5th Baron Chandos and Anne Stanley Countess Castlehaven. He the son of Mervyn Tuchet 2nd Earl Castlehaven and Elizabeth Barnham Countess Castlehaven. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland. In 1678 Elizabeth Brydges Countess Castlehaven died.

In 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of Diana Cecil Countess Oxford.

Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of Catherine Howard Countess Newburgh.

Catherine Howard Countess Newburgh: She was born to Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk and Elizabeth Home Countess Suffolk. In May 1638 George Stewart 9th Seigneur D'Aubigny and she were married. They married in secret against the wishes of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. She the daughter of Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk and Elizabeth Home Countess Suffolk. He the son of Esmé Stewart 3rd Duke Lennox and Katherine Clifton Duchess Lennox. Around Sep 1648 James Livingston 1st Earl Newburgh and she were married. She the daughter of Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk and Elizabeth Home Countess Suffolk. In 1650 Catherine Howard Countess Newburgh died.

Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of Rachel Massue Countess Southampton (age 35).

Rachel Massue Countess Southampton: In 1603 she was born to Daniel de Massue Seigneur de Rouvigny. In or before 1636 Thomas Wriothesley 4th Earl of Southampton 2nd Earl Chichester and she were married. She by marriage Countess of Southampton. He the son of Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl of Southampton and Elizabeth Vernon Countess Southampton. On 16 Feb 1640 she died.

Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of Isabella Edmondes Baroness De La Warr (age 31).

Isabella Edmondes Baroness De La Warr: Around 1607 she was born to Thomas Edmondes Lord Treasurer. Before 1626 Henry West 4th Baron De La Warr and she were married. She by marriage Baroness De La Warr. Around 1677 she died.

Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of Catherine Hastings Countess Chesterfield and Lucy Davies Countess Huntingdon (age 25).

Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of Thomas Hanmer 2nd Baronet (age 26).

Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of George Digby 2nd Earl Bristol (age 25).

Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of William Russell 1st Duke Bedford (age 21).

Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of William Killigrew (age 32).

Around 1638 Anthony Van Dyck (age 38). Portrait of Anne Boteler 1st Countess Newport.

Around 1639 Anthony Van Dyck (age 39). Portrait of Henry Danvers 1st Earl Danby (age 65) in his Garter Robes.

1639. Follower of Anthony Van Dyck (age 39). Portrait of Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland (age 48).

Around 1639 Anthony Van Dyck (age 39). Portrait of Thomas Wharton.

Thomas Wharton: Around 1588 he was born to Philip Wharton 3rd Baron Wharton and Frances Clifford Baroness Wharton. On 11 Apr 1611 Thomas Wharton and Philadelphia Carey were married. She the daughter of Robert Carey 1st Earl Monmouth and Elizabeth Trevannion Countess Monmouth. They were fourth cousins. On 17 Apr 1622 Thomas Wharton died.

Around 1640 Anthony Van Dyck (age 40). Portrait of Elizabeth Villiers Countess Morton (age 31).

Around 1640 Anthony Van Dyck (age 40). Portrait of Mountjoy Blount 1st Earl Newport (age 43).

Around 1640 Anthony Van Dyck (age 40). Portrait of Alice Bankes.

Around 1640 Anthony Van Dyck (age 40). Portrait of Kenelm Digby (age 37).

Around 1640 Anthony Van Dyck (age 40). Portrait of Charles Seton 2nd Earl Dunfermline (age 24).

Charles Seton 2nd Earl Dunfermline: Charles Seton 2nd Earl Dunfermline and Mary Douglas Countess Dunfermline were married. She by marriage Countess Dunfermline. She the daughter of William Douglas 7th Earl Morton and Anne Keith Countess Morton. He the son of Alexander Seton 1st Earl Dunfermline and Margaret Hay Countess Dunfermline. They were fourth cousins. In Nov 1615 he was born to Alexander Seton 1st Earl Dunfermline and Margaret Hay Countess Dunfermline. On 16 Jun 1622 Alexander Seton 1st Earl Dunfermline died. His son Charles Seton 2nd Earl Dunfermline succeeded 2nd Earl Dunfermline. On 11 May 1672 Charles Seton 2nd Earl Dunfermline died. His son Alexander Seton 3rd Earl Dunfermline succeeded 3rd Earl Dunfermline.

Around 1640 Anthony Van Dyck (age 40). Portrait of sisters Essex Cheeke Countess Manchester and Anne Cheeke Countess Warwick (age 20).

Essex Cheeke Countess Manchester: She was born to Thomas Cheeke and Essex Rich. On 20 Dec 1642 Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Manchester and she were married. She by marriage Countess Manchester. He the son of Henry Montagu 1st Earl Manchester and Catherine Spencer.

Anne Cheeke Countess Warwick: In 1620 she was born to Thomas Cheeke and Essex Rich. After 1638 Robert Rich 3rd Earl Warwick and she were married. She by marriage Countess Warwick. He the son of Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick and Frances Hatton Countess Warwick. They were first cousins. In 1652 Anne Cheeke Countess Warwick died.

On 27 Feb 1640 Anthony Van Dyck (age 40) and Mary Ruthven were married.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Richard Boyle 2nd Earl Cork 1st Earl Burlington (age 29).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of John Mennes Comptroller (age 42).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Dorothy Sidney Countess Sunderland (age 24).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Henry Percy 8th Earl of Northumberland.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Anne Sophia Herbert Countess Carnarvon.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Algernon Percy 10th Earl of Northumberland (age 39).

Before 09 Dec 1641. After Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Frances Cranfield Countess Dorset (age 19).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Elizabeth Clifford Countess Burlington (age 28).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Henry Percy (age 37) and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Henry Percy: In 1604 he was born to Henry "Wizard Earl" Percy 9th Earl of Northumberland and Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland. In Apr 1659 Henry Percy died unmarried in Paris. Evelyn's Diary. 06 Sep 1680. I dined with Sir Stephen Fox, now one of the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury. This gentleman came first a poor boy from the choir of Salisbury, then he was taken notice of by Bishop Duppa, and afterward waited on my Lord Percy (brother to Algernon, Earl of Northumberland), who procured for him an inferior place among the clerks of the kitchen and Greencloth side, where he was found so humble, diligent, industrious, and prudent in his behavior, that his Majesty being in exile, and Mr. Fox waiting, both the King and Lords about him frequently employed him about their affairs, and trusted him both with receiving and paying the little money they had. Returning with his Majesty to England, after great want and great sufferings, his Majesty found him so honest and industrious, and withal so capable and ready, that, being advanced from clerk of the kitchen to that of the Greencloth, he procured to be paymaster of the whole army, and by his dexterity and punctual dealing he obtained such credit among the bankers, that he was in a short time able to borrow vast sums of them upon any exigence. The continual turning thus of money, and the soldiers' moderate allowance to him for keeping touch with them, did so enrich him, that he is believed to be worth at least £200,000, honestly got and unenvied; which is next to a miracle. With all this he continues as humble and ready to do a courtesy as ever he was.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England (age 32) and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England (age 32) and her son Charles James Stewart.

Charles James Stewart: On 13 May 1629 he was born to King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England. On 13 May 1629 Charles James Stewart died.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England (age 32).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Frances Devereux Duchess of Somerset (age 42).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42). Portrait of Beatrice Van Hemmema Countess of Oxford (age 61).

Beatrice Van Hemmema Countess of Oxford: In 1580 she was born. In 1626 Robert de Vere 19th Earl of Oxford and she were married. She by marriage Countess of Oxford. In 1653 she died.

On 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42) died.

Between 1643 and 1647. Follower of Anthony Van Dyck. Portrait of John Craven 1st Baron Craven (age 32).

Evelyn's Diary. 15 Feb 1649. The painter, La Neve has an Andromeda, but I think it a copy after Vandyke from Titian, for the original is in France. Webb, at the Exchange, has some rare things in miniature, of Breughel's, also Putti, in twelve squares, that were plundered from Sir James Palmer (age 64).

Evelyn's Diary. 08 May 1654. I went to Hackney, to see Lady Brook's garden, which was one of the neatest and most celebrated in England, the house well furnished, but a despicable building. Returning, visited one Mr. Tomb's garden; it has large and noble walks, some modern statues, a vineyard, planted in strawberry borders, staked at ten feet distances, the banqueting-house of cedar, where the couch and seats were carved à l'antique; some good pictures in the house, especially one of Vandyke's, being a man in his shirt; also some of Stenwyck. I also called at Mr. Ducie's, who has indeed a rare collection of the best masters, and one of the largest stories of H. Holbein. I also saw Sir Thomas Fowler's aviary, which is a poor business.

Evelyn's Diary. 09 Jun 1658. I went to see the Earl of Northumberland's (age 55) pictures, whereof that of the Venetian Senators was one of the best of Titian's and another of Andrea del Sarto, viz, a Madonna, Christ, St. John, and an Old Woman; a St. Catherine of Da Vinci, with divers portraits of Vandyck; a Nativity of Georgioni; the last of our blessed Kings (Charles I.), and the Duke of York, by Lely (age 39), a Rosary by the famous Jesuits of Brussels, and several more. This was in Suffolk House, Suffolk Street: the new front toward the gardens is tolerable, were it not drowned by a too massy and clumsy pair of stairs of stone, without any neat invention.

Pepy's Diary. 15 May 1663. The Portugalls have choused us1, it seems, in the Island of Bombay, in the East Indys; for after a great charge of our fleets being sent thither with full commission from the King (age 32) of Portugall to receive it, the Governour by some pretence or other will not deliver it to Sir Abraham Shipman, sent from the King (age 32), nor to my Lord of Marlborough (age 45); which the King (age 32) takes highly ill, and I fear our Queen (age 24) will fare the worse for it. The Dutch decay there exceedingly, it being believed that their people will revolt from them there, and they forced to give over their trade. This is talked of among us, but how true I understand not. Sir Thomas showed me his picture and Sir Anthony Vandike's, in crayon in little, done exceedingly well.

Note 1. The word chouse appears to have been introduced into the language at the beginning of the seventeenth century. In 1609, a Chiaus sent by Sir Robert Shirley, from Constantinople to London, had chiaused (or choused) the Turkish and Persian merchants out of £4,000, before the arrival of his employer, and had decamped. The affair was quite recent in 1610, when Jonson's "Alchemist" appeared, in which it is alluded to.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Sep 1665. After dinner we officers of the Navy stepped aside to read some letters and consider some business, and so in again. I was only pleased at a very fine picture of the Queene-Mother (age 55), when she was young, by Van-Dike; a very good picture, and a lovely sweet face.

Pepy's Diary. 26 Apr 1667. Thence I to St. James's, to meet Sir G. Carteret (age 57), and did, and Lord Berkely (age 65), to get them (as we would have done the Duke of Albemarle (age 58)) to the meeting of the Lords of Appeale in the business of one of our prizes. With them to the meeting of the Guinny company, and there staid, and went with Lord Berkely. While I was waiting for him in the Matted Gallery, a young man was most finely working in Indian inke the great picture of the King (age 36) and Queen (age 28) sitting, [Charles I and Henrietta Maria.] by Van Dyke; and did it very finely.

Evelyn's Diary. 16 Nov 1676. My son (age 21) and I dining at my Lord Chamberlain's (age 58), he showed us among others that incomparable piece of Raphael's, being a Minister of State dictating to Guicciardini, the earnestness of whose face looking up in expectation of what he was next to write, is so to the life, and so natural, as I esteem it one of the choicest pieces of that admirable artist. There was a woman's head of Leonardo da Vinci; a Madonna of old Palma, and two of Vandyke's, of which one was his own picture at length, when young, in a leaning posture; the other, an eunuch, singing. Rare pieces indeed!

Evelyn's Diary. 15 Jan 1679. I went with my Lady Sunderland (age 33) to Chelsea, and dined with the Countess of Bristol (age 59) [her mother] in the great house, formerly the Duke of Buckingham's, a spacious and excellent place for the extent of ground and situation in a good air. The house is large but ill-contrived, though my Lord of Bristol, who purchased it after he sold Wimbledon to my Lord Treasurer (age 46), expended much money on it. There were divers pictures of Titian and Vandyke, and some of Bassano, very excellent, especially an Adonis and Venus, a Duke of Venice, a butcher in his shambles selling meat to a Swiss; and of Vandyke, my Lord of Bristol's picture, with the Earl of Bedford's at length, in the same table. There was in the garden a rare collection of orange trees, of which she was pleased to bestow some upon me.

Before 1684. Circle of Anthony Van Dyck. Portrait of Bishop Peter Gunning (age 69).

Evelyn's Diary. 24 Jan 1685. I din'd at Lord Newport's (age 64), who has some excellent pictures, especialy that of Sr Tho. Hanmer, by Van Dyke, one of the best he ever painted; another of our English Dobson's painting; but above all, Christ in the Virgin's lap by Poussin, an admirable piece, with some thing of most other famous hands.

Evelyn's Diary. 27 Jan 1685. I din'd at Lord Sunderland's (age 43), being invited to heare that celebrated voice of Mr. Pordage, newly come from Rome; his singing was after the Venetian recitative, as masterly as could be, and with an excellent voice both treble and basse; Dr. Walgrave accompanied it with his theorba lute, on which he perform'd beyond imagination, and is doubtlesse orie of the greatest masters in Europe on that charming in strument. Pordage is a priest, as Mr. Bernard Howard (age 44) told me in private. There was in the roome where we din'd, and in his bed-chamber, those incomparable pieces of Columbus, a Flagellation, the Grammar-schoole, the Venus and Adonis of Titian; and of Vandyke's that picture of the late E. of Digby (father of the Countess of Sunderland (age 39)), and Earle of Bedford (age 68), Sr Kenelm Digby, and two Ladys of incomparable performance; besides that of Moses and the burning bush of Bassano, and several other pieces of ye best masters. A marble head of M. Brutus, &c.

Evelyn's Diary. 24 Mar 1688. There are many good pictures, especially of Vandyke's, in both these houses, and some few statues and small busts in the latter.

Evelyn's Diary. 21 Jun 1693. I saw a great auction of pictures in the Banqueting house, Whitehall [Map]. They had been my Lord Melford's (age 42), now Ambassador from King James (age 59) at Rome, and engaged to his creditors here. Lord Mulgrave (age 45) and Sir Edward Seymour (age 60) came to my house, and desired me to go with them to the sale. Divers more of the great lords, etc., were there, and bought pictures dear enough. There were some very excellent of Vandyke, Rubens, and Bassan. Lord Godolphin (age 48) bought the picture of the Boys, by Murillo the Spaniard, for 80 guineas, dear enough; my nephew Glanville, the old Earl of Arundel's head by Rubens, for £20. Growing late, I did not stay till all were sold.

Evelyn's Diary. 23 Apr 1696. I went to Eton [Map], and dined with Dr. Godolphin, the provost. The schoolmaster assured me there had not been for twenty years a more pregnant youth in that place than my grandson (age 14). I went to see the King's House at Kensington. It is very noble, though not great. The gallery furnished with the best pictures [from] all the houses, of Titian, Raphael, Correggio, Holbein, Julio Romano, Bassan, Vandyke, Tintoretto, and others; a great collection of porcelain; and a pretty private library. The gardens about it very delicious.

Letters of Horace Walpole. 05 Aug 1752. From Sevenoaks [Map] we went to Knowle. The park is sweet, with much old beech, and an immense sycamore before the great gate, that makes me more in love than ever with sycamores. The house is not near so extensive as I expected:330 the outward court has a beautiful decent simplicity that charms one. The apartments are many, but not large. The furniture throughout, ancient magnificence; loads of portraits, not good nor curious; ebony cabinets, embossed silver in vases, dishes, etc. embroidered beds, stiff chairs, and sweet bags lying on velvet tables, richly worked in silk and gold. There are two galleries, one very small; an old hall, and a spacious great drawing-room. There is never a good staircase. The first little room you enter has sundry portraits of the times; but they seem to have been bespoke by the yard, and drawn all by the same painter; One should be happy if they were authentic; for among them there is Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, Gardiner of Winchester, the Earl of Surry, the poet, when a boy, and a Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, but I don't know which. The only fine picture is of Lord Goring and Endymion Porter by Vandyke. There is a good head of the Queen of Bohemia, a whole-length of Duc d'Espernon, and another good head of the Clifford, Countess of Dorset, who wrote that admirable haughty letter to Secretary Williamson, when he recommended a person to her for member for Appleby: "I have been bullied by an usurper, I have been neglected by a court, but I won't be dictated to by a subject: your man shan't stand. Ann Dorset, Pembroke and Montgomery." In the chapel is a piece of ancient tapestry: Saint Luke in his first profession is holding an urinal. Below stairs is a chamber of poets and players, which is proper enough in that house; for the first Earl wrote a play331, and the last Earl was a poet332, and I think married a player333 Major Mohun and Betterton are curious among the latter, Cartwright and Flatman among the former. The arcade is newly enclosed, painted in fresco, and with modern glass of all the family matches. In the gallery is a whole-length of the unfortunate Earl of Surry, with his device, a broken column, and the motto Sat superest. My father had one of them, but larger, and with more emblems, which the Duke of Norfolk bought at my brother's sale. There is one good head of henry VIII, and divers of Cranfield, Earl of Middlesex, the citizen who came to be lord treasurer, and was very near coming to be hanged.334 His Countess, a bouncing kind of lady-mayoress, looks pure awkward amongst so much good company. A visto cut through the wood has a delightful effect from the front: but there are some trumpery fragments of gardens that spoil the view from the state apartments.

Note 329. Only son of Dr. Richard Bentley, the celebrated Divine and classical scholar. He was educated at Trinity College, under his father. Cumberland, who was his nephew, describes him as a man of various and considerable accomplishments; possessing a fine genius, great wit, and a brilliant imagination; "but there was," he adds, "a certain eccentricity and want of prudence in his character, that involved him in distresses, and reduced him to situations uncongenial with his feelings, and unpropitious to the cultivation and encouragement of his talents."-E.

Note 330. Evelyn in his Diary for July 25, 1673, says, "In my way I visited my Lord of Dorset's house at Knowle, near Sevenoaks, a greate old-fashion'd house."-E.

Note 331. Thomas Sackville, Lord Buckhurst, while a student in the Temple, wrote his tragedy of Gordobuc, which was played before Queen Elizabeth, at Whitehall, in 1561. He was created Earl of Dorset by James the First, in 1604.-E.

Note 332. Charles Sackville, sixth Earl of Dorset. On the day previous to the naval engagement with the Dutch, in 1665, he is said to have composed his celebrated song, "to all you Ladies now on Land."-E.

Note 333. On the contrary, he married the Lady Frances, daughter of the Earl of Middlesex, who survived him.-E. [Note. This appears to be a mistake insofar as Richard Sackville 5th Earl Dorset married Frances Cranfield Countess Dorset who was the daughter of Lionel Cranfield 1st Earl Middlesex. Charles Sackville 6th Earl Dorset 1st Earl Middlesex married firstly Mary Bagot Countess Falmouth and Dorset and secondly Mary Compton Countess Dorset and Middlesex. There, however, references to his marrying an actress Alice Lee with whom he appear to have had a daughter Mary Sackville Countess Orrery.]

Note 334. Lionel Cranfield, Earl of Middlesex, married two wives: the first was the daughter of a London citizen; the second, the daughter of James Brett, Esq. and half-sister of Mary Beaumont, created Countess of Buckingham. To this last alliance, Lord Middlesex owed his extraordinary advancement.-E.

Charge of the Light Brigade

Adeline Horsey Recollections. I believe my husband replaced a great deal of the original furniture at Deene [Map] with more modern examples, but many valuable old pieces still remain. The pictures are very beautiful, including a priceless Vandyke representing Queen Henrietta Maria, in the happy days of her early married life, as a regal, gracious figure arrayed in shimmering satin. There is a lovely portrait of Louise de Keroualle and her son, the Duke of Richmond, who married a Brudenell, and there are many examples of Lely, Sir Joshua Reynolds and other eighteenth- and nineteenth-century artists. One painting by Sant represents the Prince Consort and the Royal children listening to the account of the Charge of the Light Brigade by Lord Cardigan, and there are also some interesting pictures of hunting-field incidents, depicting Cardigan and his friends on their favourite mounts.