Biography of Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne 1015-1087

Paternal Family Tree: Flanders

1051 Banishment of the Godwins

1066 Battle of Hastings

1071 Battle of Cassel

Around 1015 Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne was born to Eustace Flanders I Count Boulogne and Matilda Reginar Countess Boulogne.

Before 1035 Drogo of Mantes Count of Amiens and Vexin and [his future wife] Goda Wessex Countess Boulogne (age 30) were married. She the daughter of King Æthelred "Unready" II of England and Emma aka Ælfgyfu of Normandy Queen Consort England (age 49).

In 1042 [his father] Eustace Flanders I Count Boulogne succeeded I Count Boulogne. [his mother] Matilda Reginar Countess Boulogne by marriage Countess Boulogne.

Before 1047 Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne (age 32) and Goda Wessex Countess Boulogne (age 42) were married. She by marriage Countess Boulogne. She the daughter of King Æthelred "Unready" II of England and Emma aka Ælfgyfu of Normandy Queen Consort England (age 61). He the son of Eustace Flanders I Count Boulogne and Matilda Reginar Countess Boulogne.

Around 1047 [his wife] Goda Wessex Countess Boulogne (age 43) died.

In 1049 [his father] Eustace Flanders I Count Boulogne died. His son Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne (age 34) succeeded II Count Boulogne.

Banishment of the Godwins

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1051. This year came Archbishop Robert hither over sea with his pall from Rome, one day before St. Peter's eve: and he took his archiepiscopal seat at Christ-church on St. Peter's day, and soon after this went to the king. Then came Abbot Sparhawk to him with the king's writ and seal, to the intent that he should consecrate him Bishop o[oe] London; but the archbishop refused, saying that the pope had forbidden him. Then went the abbot to the archbishop again for the same purpose, and there demanded episcopal consecration; but the archbishop obstinately refused, repeating that the pope had forbidden him. Then went the abbot to London, and sat at the bishopric which the king had before given him, with his full leave, all the summer and the autumn. Then during the same year came Eustace (age 36), who had the [his former wife] sister of [his former brother-in-law] King Edward (age 48) to wife, from beyond sea, soon after the bishop, and went to the king; and having spoken with him whatever he chose, he then went homeward. When he came to Canterbury eastward, there took he a repast, and his men; whence he proceeded to Dover, Kent [Map]. When he was about a mile or more on this side Dover, Kent [Map], he put on his breast-plate; and so did all his companions: and they proceeded to Dover. When they came thither, they resolved to quarter themselves wherever they lived. Then came one of his men, and would lodge at the house of a master of a family against his will; but having wounded the master of the house, he was slain by the other. Then was Eustace (age 36) quickly upon his horse, and his companions upon theirs; and having gone to the master of the family, they slew him on his own hearth; then going up to the boroughward, they slew both within and without more than twenty men. The townsmen slew nineteen men on the other side, and wounded more, but they knew not how many. Eustace (age 36) escaped with a few men, and went again to the king (age 48), telling him partially how they had fared. The king (age 48) was very wroth with the townsmen, and sent off Earl Godwin (age 50), bidding him go into Kent with hostility to Dover, Kent [Map]. For Eustace (age 36) had told the king that the guilt of the townsmen was greater than his. But it was not so: and the earl (age 50) would not consent to the expedition, because he was loth to destroy his own people. Then sent the king after all his council, and bade them come to Gloucester nigh the after-mass of St. Mary. Meanwhile Godwin (age 50) took it much to heart, that in his earldom such a thing should happen. Whereupon be began to gather forces over all his earldom, and Earl Sweyne (age 30), his son, over his; and Harold (age 29), his other son, over his earldom: and they assembled all in Gloucestershire, at Langtree, Gloucestershire, a large and innumerable army, all ready for battle against the king; unless Eustace (age 36) and his men were delivered to them handcuffed, and also the Frenchmen that were in the castle. This was done seven nights before the latter mass of St. Mary, when King Edward (age 48) was sitting at Gloucester. Whereupon he sent after Earl Leofric, and north after Earl Siward (age 41), and summoned their retinues. At first they came to him with moderate aid; but when they found how it was in the south, then sent they north over all their earldom, and ordered a large force to the help of their lord. So did Ralph also over his earldom. Then came they all to Gloucester to the aid of the king (age 48), though it was late. So unanimous were they all in defence of the king (age 48), that they would seek Godwin's (age 50) army if the king (age 48) desired it. But some prevented that; because it was very unwise that they should come together; for in the two armies was there almost all that was noblest in England. They therefore prevented this, that they might not leave the land at the mercy of our foes, whilst engaged in a destructive conflict betwixt ourselves. Then it was advised that they should exchange hostages between them. And they issued proclamations throughout to London, whither all the people were summoned over all this north end in Siward's (age 41) earldom, and in Leofric's, and also elsewhere; and Earl Godwin (age 50) was to come thither with his sons to a conference; They came as far as Southwark, Surrey [Map], and very many with them from Wessex; but his army continually diminished more and more; for they bound over to the king (age 48) all the thanes that belonged to Earl Harold (age 29) his son, and outlawed Earl Sweyne (age 30) his other son. When therefore it could not serve his purpose to come to a conference against the king (age 48) and against the army that was with him, he went in the night away. In the morning the king (age 48) held a council, and proclaimed him an outlaw, with his whole army; himself (age 50) and his wife, and all his three sons - Sweyne (age 30) and Tosty (age 25) and Grith (age 19). And he went south to Thorney67, with his wife, and Sweyne (age 30) his son, and Tosty (age 25) and his wife (age 18), a cousin of Baldwin of Bruges (age 38) [Note. Judith Flanders Duchess Bavaria (age 18) was a sister of Baldwin "The Good" V Count Flanders (age 38)], and his son Grith (age 19). Earl Harold (age 29) with Leofwine (age 16) went to Bristol, Gloucestershire [Map] in the ship that Earl Sweyne (age 30) had before prepared and provisioned for himself; and the king (age 48) sent Bishop Aldred from London with his retinue, with orders to overtake him ere he came to ship. But they either could not or would not: and he then went out from the mouth of the Avon; but he encountered such adverse weather, that he got off with difficulty, and suffered great loss. He then went forth to Ireland, as soon as the weather permitted. In the meantime the Welshmen had wrought a castle in Herefordshire, in the territory of Earl Sweyne (age 30), and brought as much injury and disgrace on the king's (age 48) men thereabout as they could. Then came Earl Godwin (age 50), and Earl Sweyne (age 30), and Earl Harold (age 29), together at Beverstone [Map], and many men with them; to the intent that they might go to their natural lord, and to all the peers that were assembled with him; to have the king's (age 48) counsel and assistance, and that of all the peers, how they might avenge the insult offered to the king (age 48), and to all the nation. But the Welshmen were before with the king (age 48), and betrayed the earls, so that they were not permitted to come within the sight of his eyes; for they declared that they intended to come thither to betray the king (age 48). There was now assembled before the king (age 48)68 Earl Siward (age 41), and Earl Leofric, and much people with them from the north: and it was told Earl Godwin (age 50) and his sons, that the king (age 48) and the men who were with him would take counsel against them; but they prepared themselves firmly to resist, though they were loth to proceed against their natural lord. Then advised the peers on either side, that they should abstain from all hostility: and the king (age 48) gave God's peace and his full friendship to each party. Then advised the king (age 48) and his council, that there should be a second time a general assembly of all the nobles in London, at the autumnal equinox: and the king (age 48) ordered out an army both south and north of the Thames, the best that ever was. Then was Earl Sweyne (age 30) proclaimed an outlaw; and Earl Godwin (age 50) and Earl Harold (age 29) were summoned to the council as early as they could come. When they came thither and were cited to the council, then required they security and hostages, that they might come into the council and go out without treachery. The king (age 48) then demanded all the thanes that the earls had; and they put them all into his hands. Then sent the king (age 48) again to them, and commanded them to come with twelve men to the king's (age 48) council. Then desired the earl again security and hostages, that he might answer singly to each of the things that were laid to his charge. But the hostages were refused; and a truce of five nights was allowed him to depart from the land. Then went Earl Godwin (age 50) and Earl Sweyne (age 30) to Bosham [Map], and drew out their ships, and went beyond sea, seeking the protection of Baldwin (age 38); and there they abode all the winter. Earl Harold (age 29) went westward to Ireland, and was there all the winter on the king's (age 48) security.

It was from Thorney69 that Godwin (age 50) and those that were with him went to Bruges [Map], to Baldwin's (age 38) land, in one ship, with as much treasure as they could lodge therein for each man. Wonderful would it have been thought by every man that was then in England, if any person had said before this that it would end thus! For he was before raised to such a height, that he ruled the king (age 48) and all England; his sons were earls, and the king's (age 48) darlings; and his daughter (age 25) wedded and united to the king (age 48). Soon after this took place, the king (age 48) dismissed the lady (age 25) who had been consecrated his queen, and ordered to be taken from her all that she had in land, and in gold, and in silver, and in all things; and committed her to the care of his sister at Wherwell [Map]. Soon after came Earl William (age 23) from beyond sea with a large retinue of Frenchmen; and the king (age 48) entertained him and as many of his companions as were convenient to him, and let him depart again. Then was Abbot Sparhawk driven from his bishopric at London; and William (age 23) the king's priest was invested therewith. Then was Oddy appointed earl over Devonshire, and over Somerset, and over Dorset, and over Wales; and Algar, the son of Earl Leofric, was promoted to the earldom which Harold (age 29) before possessed.

Note 67. The ancient name of Westminster; which came into disuse because there was another Thorney in Cambridgeshire.

Note 68. i.e. at Gloucester, according to the printed Chronicle; which omits all that took place in the meantime at London and Southwark.

Note 69. Now Westminster.

John of Worcester. 08 Sep 1051. Meanwhile, Godwin (age 50) and his sons [Note. Sweyn (age 30), Harold (age 29), Tostig (age 25), Gyrth (age 19), Leofwine (age 16) and Wulfnoth (age 11); it isn't clear whether all were present?], with their respective armies, entered Gloucestershire after the feast of the nativity of St. Mary [8th September], and encamping at a place called Langtreo, sent envoys to the king at Gloucester, demanding the surrender of count Eustace (age 36) and his followers, as well as of the Normans and men of Boulogne, who were in possession of the castle on the cliff at Dover, Kent [Map], on pain of hostilities. The king, alarmed for a time at this message, was in great distress, and in the utmost perplexity what to do. But when he found that the troops of the earls Leofric, Siward (age 41), and Ralph were on their march, he replied with firmness that he would by no means consent to give up Eustace (age 36) and the rest who were demanded. On hearing this, the envoys returned from their bootless errand. As they were departing, the army entered Gloucester, so exasperated, and unanimously ready to fight, that, if the king had given permission, they would have instantly engaged earl Godwin's (age 50) army. But earl Leofric considering that all the men of greatest note in England were assembled either on his side or the other, it appeared to him and some others a great folly to fight with their own countrymen, and he proposed that, hostages having been given by both parties, the king and Godwin (age 50) should meet at London on a day appointed, and settle their controversy in a legal way. This advice being approved, and after the exchange of messages, hostages having been given and received, the earl (age 50) returned into Wessex; and the king assembled a more powerful army from the whole of Mercia and Northumbria, and led it to London. Meanwhile, Godwin (age 50) and his sons came to Southwark with a vast multitude of the people of Wessex; but his army gradually dwindling away and deserting him, he did not venture to abide the judgment of the king's court, but fled, under cover of night. When, therefore, the morning came, the king, in his witan, with the unanimous consent of the whole army, made a decree that Godwin (age 50) and his five sons should be banished. Thereupon he and his wife Githa, and Tosti (age 25) and his wife Judith (age 18), the daughter of Baldwin, count of Flanders, and two of his. other sons, namely, Sweyn (age 30) and Gurth (age 19), went, without loss of time, to Thorney, where a ship had been got ready for them. They quickly laded her with as much gold, silver, and other valuable articles as she could hold, and, embarking in great haste, directed her course towards Flanders and Baldwin (age 39) the count. His sons Harold (age 29) and Leofwine (age 16), making their way to Brycgstowe [Map], went on board a ship which their brother Sweyn (age 30) had prepared for them, and crossed over to Ireland. The [his former brother-in-law] king (age 48) repudiated the queen Edgitha (age 25), on account of his wrath against her father Godwin (age 50), and sent her in disgrace, with only a single handmaid, to Wherwell [Map], where she was committed to the custody of the abbess.67

Note 67. She was a sister of the king.

John of Worcester. 1051. Ælfric, archbishop of York, died at Southwell, and was buried at Peterborough [Map]; Kinsige, the king's chaplain, succeeded him. King [his former brother-in-law] Edward (age 48) released the English from the heavy tax payable to the Danish troops, in the thirty-eighth year after his father Ethelred had first imposed it. After this, in the month of September, Eustace (age 36) the elder, count of Boulogne, who had married a sister of king Edward, named [his former wife] Goda, sailed to Dover, Kent [Map] with a small fleet.66 His soldiers, while they were bluntly and indiscreetly inquiring for lodgings, killed one of the townsmen. A neighbour of his witnessing this, slew one of the soldiers in revenge. At this the count and his followers were much enraged, and put many men and women to the sword, trampling their babes and children under their horses' hoofs. But seeing the townsmen flocking together to resist them, they made their escape, like cowards, with some difficulty, and leaving seven of their number slain, they fled to king Edward (age 48), who was then at Gloucester. Earl Godwin (age 50), being indignant that such things should be done within his jurisdiction, in great wrath raised an immense army from the whole of his earldom, that is, from Kent, Sussex, and Wessex; his eldest son, Sweyn, also assembled the men of his earldom, that is, of the counties of Oxford, Gloucester, Hereford, Somerset, and Berks; and his other son, Harold (age 29), assembled the men of his earldom, namely, Essex, East-Anglia, Huntingdon, and Cambridge. This did not escape the notice of king Edward (age 48), and he therefore sent messages to Leofric, earl of Mercia, and Siward (age 41), earl of Northumbria, begging them to hasten to him with all the men they could muster, as he was in great peril. They came at first with only a few followers but when they learnt the real state of affairs, they sent swift messengers throughout their earldoms and gathered a large army. Likewise earl Ralph, son of Goda, king Edward's sister, assembled as many as he could from his county.

Note 66. Cf. Saxon Chronicle under the years 1048 and 1052.

In 1058 [his son] Baldwin I King Jerusalem was born to Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne (age 43) and [his future wife] Ida Ardennes Countess Boulogne.

On 18 Sep 1060 [his son] Godfrey Flanders Lord Bouillon was born to Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne (age 45) and [his future wife] Ida Ardennes Countess Boulogne at Boulogne sur Mer [Map].

Battle of Hastings

On 14 Oct 1066 the Norman army led by King William "Conqueror" I of England (age 38) defeated the English army of King Harold II of England (age 44) at the Battle of Hastings fought at Senlac Hill Hastings. Aimery Thouars (age 42), Ralph de Gael 2nd Earl East Anglia (age 24), Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne (age 51), William Fitzosbern 1st Earl Hereford (age 46), Geoffrey Chateaudun II Count Mortain III Count Perche, William Warenne 1st Earl of Surrey, Raoul Tosny, Robert Beaumont 1st Earl of Leicester Count Meulan (age 26), Hugh Grandesmil (age 34), Roger "The Great" Montgomery 1st Earl of Shrewsbury (possibly), Robert Mortain Count Mortain 1st Earl Cornwall (age 35) and Bishop Odo of Bayeux fought for William.

The brothers King Harold II of England (age 44) was killed. Earl Hereford extinct.

His borthers Gyrth Godwinson Earl East Anglia (age 34) and Leofwine Godwinson 2nd Earl Kent (age 31), and Engenulphe Aigle (age 56) were killed. Earl Kent extinct.

Battle of Cassel

On 22 Feb 1071 Battle of Cassel was fought between uncle Robert "The Frisian" I Count Flanders (age 38) and nephew Arnulf III Count Flanders (age 16), supported by his mother Richilde Countess Flanders and Hainault and Philip "Amorous" I King France (age 18), over the succession of Flanders.

Arnulf III Count Flanders (age 16) was killed. His brother Baldwin Flanders II Count Hainault (age 15) succeeded II Count Hainault. Robert "The Frisian" I Count Flanders (age 38) was appointed I Count Flanders.

William Fitzosbern 1st Earl Hereford (age 51) was killed. His son Roger de Breteuil Fitzosbern 2nd Earl Hereford succeeded 2nd Earl Hereford.

Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne (age 56) and his son [his son] Eustace Flanders III Count Boulogne fought for Robert. During the battle Robert "The Frisian" I Count Flanders (age 38) and Richilde Countess Flanders and Hainault were captured, and subsequently exchanged for each other.

Before 1087 Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne (age 72) and Ida Ardennes Countess Boulogne were married. She by marriage Countess Boulogne. She the daughter of Godfrey "Bearded" Ardennes III Duke Lower Lorraine. He the son of Eustace Flanders I Count Boulogne and Matilda Reginar Countess Boulogne.

Around 1087 Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne (age 72) died. His son [his son] Eustace Flanders III Count Boulogne succeeded III Count Boulogne. [his daughter-in-law] Mary Dunkeld Countess Boulogne (age 5) by marriage Countess Boulogne.

Around 1087 [his son] Eustace Flanders III Count Boulogne and [his daughter-in-law] Mary Dunkeld Countess Boulogne (age 5) were married. She the daughter of Malcolm III King Scotland (age 55) and Margaret Wessex Queen Consort Scotland (age 42). He the son of Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne (age 72) and Ida Ardennes Countess Boulogne.

[his son] Geoffrey Fitzeustace was born to Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne.

[his son] Godfrey Flanders Lord Bouillon and Beatrice Mandeville Lady Bouillon were married. She by marriage Lord Bouillon. He the son of Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne and Ida Ardennes Countess Boulogne.

[his son] Eustace Flanders III Count Boulogne was born to Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne and Ida Ardennes Countess Boulogne.

Royal Ancestors of Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne 1015-1087

Kings Wessex: Great x 4 Grand Son of King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks

Royal Descendants of Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne 1015-1087

Agnes La Marck Queen Consort Navarre x 4

Baldwin I King Jerusalem x 1

Matilda Dammartin Queen Consort Portugal x 1

Blanche Capet Queen Navarre x 1

Maria Reginar Queen Consort France x 1

Joan of Burgundy Queen Consort France x 1

Blanche of Burgundy Queen Consort France x 1

Philip "Noble" III King Navarre x 1

Joan Évreux Queen Consort France x 1

Margaret Hainault Holy Roman Empress x 1

Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England x 1

Blanche Valois Holy Roman Empress Luxemburg x 1

Blanche Dampierre Queen Consort Norway and Sweden x 1

Joan Auvergne Queen Consort France x 1

Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France x 2

Blanche Bourbon Queen Consort Castile x 2

King Richard II of England x 1

King Louis of Naples x 1

King Henry V of England x 1

Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark x 1

Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland x 1

Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford x 2

Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England x 1

Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland x 4

Charlotte Savoy Queen Consort France x 2

King Edward IV of England x 3

King Richard III of England x 3

Anne Neville Queen Consort England x 4

King Henry VII of England and Ireland x 1

Christina Queen Consort Denmark Norway and Sweden x 1

Louis XII King France x 4

Jean III King Navarre x 1

Bianca Maria Sforza Holy Roman Empress x 2

Philip "Handsome Fair" King Castile x 6

Germaine Foix Queen Consort Aragon x 4

Marguerite Valois Orléans Queen Consort Navarre x 6

King Francis I of France x 6

Queen Anne Boleyn of England x 6

Anne Jagiellon Holy Roman Empress x 3

Queen Jane Seymour x 9

Catherine Parr Queen Consort England x 11

Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England x 7

Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland x 16

Antoine King Navarre x 8

Queen Catherine Howard of England x 3

Jane "Nine Days Queen" Grey I Queen England and Ireland x 9

Louis VI Elector Palatine x 4

Louise Lorraine Queen Consort France x 12

Maximilian "The Great" Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria I Elector Bavaria x 17

Maria Anna Wittelsbach Holy Roman Empress x 17

Electress Louise Juliana of the Palatine Rhine x 4

Ferdinand of Spain II Holy Roman Emperor x 4

Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain x 4

Anna of Austria Holy Roman Empress x 1

Eleonora Gonzaga Queen Consort Bohemia x 5

Maria Leopoldine Habsburg Spain Queen Consort Bohemia x 4

Marie Françoise Élisabeth of Savoy Queen Consort of Portugal x 18

Victor Amadeus King Sardinia x 21

Maria Anna Neuburg Queen Consort Spain x 7

Joseph I Holy Roman Emperor x 7

Charles Habsburg Spain VI Holy Roman Emperor x 7

Francis I Holy Roman Emperor x 13

Elisabeth Therese Lorraine Queen Consort Sardinia x 13

President George Washington x 3

King George III of Great Britain and Ireland x 9

Caroline Matilda Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway x 9

Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England x 9

King Christian I of Norway and VIII of Denmark x 18

Caroline Amalie Oldenburg Queen Norway x 2

Frederick VII King Denmark x 27

Queen Louise Hesse-Kassel of Denmark x 18

King Christian IX of Denmark x 3

Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom x 18

Queen Sophia of Sweden and Norway x 10

Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia x 54

King Edward VII of the United Kingdom x 54

Frederick Charles I King Finland x 18

Constantine I King Greece x 1

Alexandrine Mecklenburg-Schwerin Queen Consort Denmark x 28

Victoria Eugénie Mountbatten Queen Consort Spain x 54

Louise Mountbatten Queen Consort Sweden x 54

Ingrid Bernadotte Queen Consort Denmark x 54

Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh x 55

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 997

Sophia Glücksburg Queen Consort Spain x 2

Constantine II King Hellenes x 2

Carl XVI King Sweden x 113

Queen Consort Camilla Shand x 378

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 3142

Catherine Middleton Princess of Wales x 10

Ancestors of Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne 1015-1087

Father: Eustace Flanders I Count Boulogne

GrandMother: Adelina Gerulfing Countess Boulogne and Ponthieu

Great x 1 Grandmother: Luitgarde Luxemburg Countess Holland

Great x 3 Grandfather: Eberhard IV Nordgau

Great x 2 Grandmother: Hedwig Nordgau

Eustace Flanders II Count Boulogne

GrandFather: Lambert "Bearded" Reginar I Count Louvain

Great x 2 Grandfather: Hugh V Count Equisheim

Great x 1 Grandmother: Adela Equisheim Countess Hainault

Mother: Matilda Reginar Countess Boulogne

Great x 3 Grandfather: Charles "Simple" III King West Francia

Great x 4 Grandmother: Adelaide Paris Queen Consort Aquitaine and West Francia

Great x 2 Grandfather: Louis "Overseas" IV King West Francia

Great x 3 Grandmother: Eadgifu Wessex Queen Consort West Francia

Great x 4 Grandmother: Aelfflaed Wiltshire Queen Anglo Saxons

Great x 1 Grandfather: Charles Carolingian Duke Lower Lorraine

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry "Fowler" I King East Francia

Great x 2 Grandmother: Gerberga Saxon Ottonian Queen Consort West Francia

Great x 3 Grandmother: Matilda Ringelheim Queen Consort East Francia

GrandMother: Gerberga Carolingian Duchess Lower Lorraine

Great x 1 Grandmother: Adelaide Troyes Duchess Lower Lorraine