Biography of Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis 1515-1558

Paternal Family Tree: Kennedy

1513 Battle of Flodden

1542 Battle of Solway Moss

1547 Battle of Pinkie Cleugh

Battle of Flodden

On 09 Sep 1513 at the Battle of Flodden was fought at the Branxton, Northumberland [Map]. the English army was commanded by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 70), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 40), Edmund Howard (age 35), Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 45), Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle (age 51) and Marmaduke Constable (age 56).

The English army included: Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford (age 59), William Conyers 1st Baron Conyers (age 44), Thomas Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley (age 41) and Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape (age 45).

Randall Babington, John Bigod (age 38) and Thomas Fitzwilliam (age 39) were killed.

Marmaduke Constable (age 33), William Constable (age 38), George Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Aston (age 16), Edmund Walsingham (age 33), Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham 5th Baron Strabolgi 1st Baron Burgh (age 25) and Walter Stonor (age 36) were knighted by Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 40).

Christopher Savage, Thomas Venables (age 44) and Brian Tunstall (age 33) were killed.

Bryan Stapleton of Wighill (age 55) was killed. (Some reports have him dying in 1518).

John Booth (age 78) was killed.

Father and son Ralph ellerker of risby in yorkshire and Ralph Ellerker were knighted by Thomas Howard Earl of Surrey (age 70).

The Scottish army suffered heavy casualties:

King James IV of Scotland (age 40) was killed. His body ws taken to London, then to Sheen Priory, Richmond; thereafter it disappeared. His son King James V of Scotland (age 1) succeeded V King Scotland.

Alexander Stewart ArchBishop of St Andrews (age 20) was killed.

[his grandfather] David Kennedy 1st Earl Cassilis (age 43) was killed. His son [his father] Gilbert Kennedy 2nd Earl Cassilis (age 18) succeeded 2nd Earl Cassilis. Isabel Campbell Countess Cassilis by marriage Countess Cassilis.

William Sinclair 2nd Earl Caithness (age 54) was killed. His son John Sinclair 3rd Earl Caithness succeeded 3rd Earl Caithness.

Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox was killed. His son John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox (age 23) succeeded 3rd Earl Lennox.

William Hay 4th Earl Erroll was killed. His son William Hay 5th Earl Erroll (age 18) succeeded 5th Earl Erroll.

John Douglas 2nd Earl Morton was killed. His son James Douglas 3rd Earl Morton succeeded 3rd Earl Morton, 6th Lord Dalkeith.

Adam Hepburn 2nd Earl Bothwell was killed. His son Patrick Hepburn 3rd Earl Bothwell (age 1) succeeded 3rd Earl Bothwell.

Alexander Stewart 4th of Garlies (age 32) was killed. His son Alexander Stewart 5th of Garlies (age 6) succeeded 5th Lord Garlies.

Alexander Elphinstone 1st Lord Elphinstone was killed. His son Alexander Elphinstone 2nd Lord Elphinstone (age 3) succeeded 2nd Lord Elphinstone.

Thomas Hay, George Hepburn Bishop Isles (age 59), Adam Hepburn Master (age 56), Thomas "Younger of Cushnie" Lumsden

William Douglas 6th Lord Drumlanrig was killed. William "Younger" Douglas 7th Lord Drumlanrig succeeded 7th Lord Drumlanrig.

George Seton 5th Lord Seton was killed. His son George Seton 6th Lord Seton succeeded 6th Lord Seton.

John Hay 2nd Lord Hay of Yester was killed. His son John Hay 3rd Lord Hay (age 23) succeeded 3rd Lord Hay of Yester. Elizabeth Douglas Lady Hay by marriage Lord Hay of Yester.

Robert Keith Master of Marischal (age 30), Guiscard Harbottle (age 28), John Erskine, David Home (age 22), Andrew Stewart 1st Lord Avondale (age 43), Archibald Campbell 2nd Earl Argyll (age 64), Robert Douglas of Lochleven (age 89) were killed.

Henry Sinclair 3rd Lord Sinclair (age 48) was killed. His son William Sinclair 4th Lord Sinclair succeeded 4th Lord Sinclair.

James Stewart 1st Lord of Traquair (age 33) was killed. His son William Stewart 2nd Lord Traquair (age 7) succeeded 2nd Lord Traquair.

John Maxwell 4th Lord Maxwell (age 57) was killed. His son Robert Maxwell 5th Lord Maxwell (age 20) succeeded 5th Lord Maxwell.

William Murray (age 43), Colin Oliphant (age 26), William Ruthven (age 33), George Douglas (age 44) and William Douglas (age 42) were killed.

George Home 4th Lord Home and John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl (age 38) fought.

Brothers David Lyon of Cossins, William Lyon and George Lyon were killed.

William Graham 1st Earl Montrose (age 49) was killed. His son William Graham 2nd Earl Montrose (age 21) succeeded 2nd Earl Montrose.

Robert Erskine 4th Lord Erskine 16th Earl Mar was killed. His son John Erskine 17th Earl Mar (age 26) de jure 17th Earl Mar, Lord Erskine.

Thomas Stewart 2nd Lord Innermeath (age 52) was killed. His son Richard Stewart 3rd Lord Innermeath succeeded 3rd Lord Innermeath.

Walter Lindsay of Arden and Walter Lindsay (age 33) were killed.

William Keith of Inverugie (age 43) was killed.

David Wemyss of Wemyss (age 40) was killed.

John Somerville 1st of Cambusnethan (age 55) was killed.

Robert Crichton 2nd Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (age 41) was killed. His son Robert Crichton 3rd Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (age 22) succeeded 3rd Lord Crichton of Sanquhar

Father and son William Rollo (age 59) and Robert Rollo 5th of Duncrub (age 34) were killed.

On 12 May 1515 Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis was born to Gilbert Kennedy 2nd Earl Cassilis (age 20).

On 27 Aug 1527 [his father] Gilbert Kennedy 2nd Earl Cassilis (age 32) died. His son Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis (age 12) succeeded 3rd Earl Cassilis.

In 1540 Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis (age 24) and Margaret Kennedy Countess Cassilis (age 26) were married. She by marriage Countess Cassilis. He the son of Gilbert Kennedy 2nd Earl Cassilis. They were second cousins.

Around 1541 [his son] Gilbert Kennedy 4th Earl Cassilis was born to Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis (age 25) and [his wife] Margaret Kennedy Countess Cassilis (age 27). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.95%.

On 24 Jul 1542 [his daughter] Isobel Kennedy was born to Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis (age 27) and [his wife] Margaret Kennedy Countess Cassilis (age 28). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.95%.

Battle of Solway Moss

On 25 Nov 1542 Thomas Wharton 1st Baron Wharton (age 47) commanded the English forces at Battle of Solway Moss at Solway Moss, Cumberland [Map]. John Thynne (age 27) fought. Of the Scottish army Malcolm Fleming 3rd Lord Fleming (age 48), Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis (age 27) and Laurence Oliphant 3rd Lord Oliphant fought.

William Graham 3rd Earl Menteith (age 42) was captured. He was ransomed in 1453.

William Cunningham 4th Earl Glencairn (age 49) was captured and committed to the custody of Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 69). He was released on payment of a ransom of a thousand pounds and subscribing by his own hand to support Henry VIII's (age 51) project of a marriage between the young King Edward VI of England and Ireland (age 5) and the Mary Queen of Scots.

Malcolm Fleming 3rd Lord Fleming (age 48) was captured.

Around 1545 [his son] Thomas Kennedy of Culzean was born to Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis (age 29) and [his wife] Margaret Kennedy Countess Cassilis (age 31). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.95%.

Battle of Pinkie Cleugh

On 10 Sep 1547 an English army commanded by Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 47) defeated a Scottish army commanded by James Hamilton 2nd Earl Arran (age 31) and Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus (age 58) at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh at Musselburgh.

The English army included John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland (age 43), Francis Talbot 5th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 47), Miles Partridge and Thomas Wentworth 2nd Baron Wentworth (age 22). John Thynne (age 32) and Edmund Brydges 2nd Baron Chandos (age 25) were knighted.

William Cecil 1st Baron Burghley (age 26) accompanied Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 47).

John Forbes 6th Lord Forbes (age 82), Christopher Coningsby (age 31) and Edward Clere were killed.

John Thynne (age 32) was knighted after the battle.

The Scottish army included John Gordon 11th Earl Sutherland (age 22) who commanded the Rearguard and Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis (age 32). John Stewart, Robert Douglas (age 41), John Livingston, Thomas Hamilton of Priestfield and Hugh Montgomerie were killed. John Hay 4th Lord Hay was captured but soon released.

Malcolm Fleming 3rd Lord Fleming (age 53) was killed. His son James Fleming 4th Lord Fleming (age 13) succeeded 4th Lord Fleming. Barbara Hamilton Lady Fleming by marriage Lord Fleming.

Robert Graham Master of Montrose was killed.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1547. This yeare also the Lord Protectors Grace (age 47) went into Scotlande with an armie riall in the beginning of September, and the 20th daie of September [Note. Mistake for 20 Sep 1547] he had battell with the Scottes within fower miles of Edenboroughe, where, by the power of God, he had the victorie, and there was slaine of the Scottes fiftene thousande, and tow thousand taken prisoners. The Erle of Huntley (age 33), Chauncelor of the Scottes, was one, the Earl of Cassells slaine [Note. Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis (age 32) was captured.], and the Lord Fleeming (deceased). And of Englishemen their were not slaine above an hundred persons in all. The Scottes were numbred above fortie thousande, and the Englishmen not above sixteene thousande; and also they tooke there shipps and all their ordinance, with all the spoile of the fielde, and certeyne castells were yelded to him.

On 15 Nov 1558 Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis (age 43) died at Dieppe, Seine Maritime, Haute Normandie. His son [his son] Gilbert Kennedy 4th Earl Cassilis (age 17) succeeded 4th Earl Cassilis.

Between 28 Nov 1580 and 31 Dec 1580 [his former wife] Margaret Kennedy Countess Cassilis (age 66) died.

[his daughter] Katherine Kennedy was born to Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis and Margaret Kennedy Countess Cassilis. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.95%.

[his daughter] Jean Kennedy Countess Orkney was born to Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis and Margaret Kennedy Countess Cassilis. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.95%.

Royal Ancestors of Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis 1515-1558

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 11 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 17 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 12 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 10 Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 22 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks

Kings France: Great x 15 Grand Son of Robert "Pious" II King France

Ancestors of Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis 1515-1558

Great x 3 Grandfather: James Kennedy of Dunure The Younger

Great x 2 Grandfather: Gilbert Kennedy 1st Lord Kennedy 6 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: King Robert III of Scotland 4 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Mary Stewart Countess Angus 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Anabella Drummond Queen Consort Scotland

Great x 1 Grandfather: John Kennedy 2nd Lord Kennedy 7 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Herbert Maxwell

Great x 3 Grandfather: Herbert Maxwell 1st Lord Maxwell

Great x 4 Grandmother: Katherine Stewart Lady Maxwell

Great x 2 Grandmother: Catherine Maxwell Lady Kennedy

Great x 4 Grandfather: Herbert Herries 3rd Lord of Terregles and Lord of Carlaverock

Great x 3 Grandmother: Janet Herries

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Douglas Lady Terregles

GrandFather: David Kennedy 1st Earl Cassilis 8 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Elizabeth Montgomerie

Great x 3 Grandfather: Thomas Boyd 5th of Kilmarnock

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Boyd

Father: Gilbert Kennedy 2nd Earl Cassilis 9 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis 10 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England