Biography of Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

Paternal Family Tree: Barcelona

Maternal Family Tree: Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy 1180-1252

1216 Death of King John

1236 Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

1254 Wedding of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile

1264 Battle of Lewes

1272 Death of Henry III

In 1205 Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw (age 33) and [her illegitimate sister-in-law] Joan Plantagenet (age 14) were married. She the illegitmate daughter of King John "Lackland" of England (age 38) and Adela Plantagenet.

In Feb 1209 [her grandfather] Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence (age 35) died at Palermo whilst accompanying his sister Constance (age 30) to her wedding. His son [her father] Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence (age 11) succeeded IV Count Provence.

Before 11 May 1214 [her illegitimate brother-in-law] Richard Fitzroy (age 24) and Rohese de Dover (age 28) were married. He the illegitmate son of King John "Lackland" of England (age 47) and Adela Plantagenet.

Death of King John

On 19 Oct 1216 King John "Lackland" of England (age 49) died at Newark Castle, Nottinghamshire [Map]. His son [her future husband] King Henry III of England (age 9) succeeded III King England.

John Monmouth (age 34) was present.

On his deathbed, John appointed a council of thirteen executors to help Henry reclaim the kingdom and requested that his son be placed into the guardianship of William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke (age 70).

King John's will is the earliest English royal will to survive in its original form. The document is quite small, roughly the size of a postcard and the seals of those who were present at the time would have been attached to it. Translation of the will taken from an article by Professor S.D. Church in the English Historical Review, June 2010:

I, John, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, count of Anjou, hindered by grave infirmity and not being able at this time of my infirmity to itemize all my things so that I may make a testament, commit the arbitration and administration of my testament to the trust and to the legitimate administration of my faithful men whose names are written below, without whose counsel, even in good health, I would have by no means arranged my testament in their presence, so that what they will faithfully arrange and determine concerning my things as much as in making satisfaction to God and to holy Church for damages and injuries done to them as in sending succour to the land of Jerusalem and in providing support to my sons towards obtaining and defending their inheritance and in making reward to those who have served us faithfully and in making distribution to the poor and to religious houses for the salvation of my soul, be right and sure. I ask, furthermore, that whoever shall give them counsel and assistance in the arranging of my testament shall receive the grace and favour of God. Whoever shall infringe their arrangement and disposition, may he incur the curse and indignation of almighty God and the blessed Mary and all the saints.

In the first place, therefore, I desire that my body be buried in the church of St Mary and St Wulfstan at Worcester. I appoint, moreover, the following arbiters and administrators: the lord Guala, by the grace of God, cardinal-priest of the title of St Martin and legate of the apostolic see; the lord Peter bishop of Winchester; the lord Richard bishop of Chichester; the lord Silvester bishop of Worcester; Brother Aimery de St-Maur; William Marshal earl of Pembroke; Ranulf earl of Chester; William earl Ferrers; William Brewer; Walter de Lacy and John of Monmouth; Savaric de Mauléon; Falkes de Bréauté.

The signatories were:

Guala Bicchieri (ca 1150 - 1227) Papal Legate.

Bishop Peter de Roches, Bishop of Winchester.

Richard le Poer (? - 1237), Bishop of Chichester.

Sylvester of Worcester, Bishop of Worcester.

Aimery de St-Maur (? -?1219), Master of the English Templars.

William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke (age 70).

Ranulf de Blondeville Gernon 6th Earl Chester 1st Earl Lincoln (age 46).

William Ferrers 4th Earl of Derby (age 48).

William Brewer (? - 1226), 1st Baron Brewer.

Walter de Lacy (ca 1172-1241) Lord of Meath.

John: (1182 - 1248) Lord of Monmouth.

Savaric de Mauléon (? - 1236) Seneschal of Poitou from 1205.

Falkes de Bréauté (? - 1226) Seneschal of Cardiff Castle.

On 05 Jun 1219 [her father] Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence (age 21) and [her mother] Beatrice Savoy Countess Provence (age 21) were married. She by marriage Countess Provence. She the daughter of Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy (age 41) and Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy (age 39). He the son of Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence and Gersenda II Sabran Countess Provence (age 39). They were fourth cousins.

Around 1223 Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England was born to Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence (age 25) and Beatrice Savoy Countess Provence (age 25).

Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

On 14 Jan 1236 or 24 Jan 1236 King Henry III of England (age 28) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 13) were married at Canterbury Cathedral [Map] by Archbishop Edmund Rich (age 61). She the daughter of Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence (age 38) and Beatrice Savoy Countess Provence (age 38). He the son of King John "Lackland" of England and Isabella of Angoulême Queen Consort England (age 48). They were fourth cousins.

On 14 Jan 1236 Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 13) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Chronica Majora. 14 Jan 1236. Anno Domini 1236, which was the twentieth year of the reign of King Henry the Third, he held his court at Winchester at Christmas, where he observed that festival with rejoicings. He was at this time anxiously looking for the return of the special messengers, whom he had sent into Provence to [her father] Raymond (age 38), count of that province, with letters containing his own inmost thoughts about contracting a marriage with his daughter Eleanor (age 13). This said count was a man of illustrious race and brave in battle, but, by continual wars, he had wasted almost all the money he possessed. He had married the [her mother] daughter (age 38) of [her grandfather] Thomas, the late count of Savoy, and sister of the present count, [her uncle] Amadeus (age 39), a woman of remarkable beauty, by name Beatrice (age 38). This lady had issue by the aforesaid count, two daughters of great beauty, the elder of whom, named [her sister] Margaret (age 15), was married to Louis (age 21), the French king, as we are told by a clerk named John de Gates; and the king of England had now, by the aforesaid messengers, demanded the younger one, a young lady of handsome appearance, in marriage. In order to obtain this favour, he had secretly sent Richard, prior of Hurle, in advance, who faithfully and with diligence brought the matter to a conclusion. On the prior's returning and telling the king the result, the latter sent him back to the count with some other messengers, namely, the bishops Hugh of Ely, and Robert of Hereford, and the brother of Robert de SANFORD, the master of the Knights Templars. These messengers were received by the count on their arrival in Provence with the greatest honour and respect, and from his hands received his daughter Eleanor, for the purpose of being united to the King of England; she was also attended by her uncle, [her uncle] William, bishop elect of Valentia; a man of distinction, and by the count of Champagne, a relation of the English king. The king of Navarre, on learning that they would travel through his territories, went joyfully to meet them, and accompanied them as a guide through his dominions during a journey of five days and more; he also, from his natural generosity, paid all their expenses, both for horses and attendants. Their retinue consisted of more than three hundred horsemen, not including the people who followed them in great numbers. On reaching the boundaries of France, they obtained not only a safe but honourable passage through that country, under conduct of the French king (age 21) and his queen (age 15), the sister of the lady about to be married to the English king, and also of Blanche (age 47), the French king's mother. They embarked at the port of Sandwich [Note. Should be Wissant], and with full sail made for Dover, Kent [Map], where they arrived, after a quick passage, before they were expected. Having thus safely landed, they set out for Canterbury, Kent [Map], and were met by the [her husband] king, who rushed into the arms of the messengers, and, having seen the lady and received possession of her, he married her at Canterbury; the ceremony being performed on the fourteenth of January, by Edmund, archbishop (age 61) of that place, assisted by the bishops, who had come with the lady, in the presence of the other nobles and prelates of the kingdom. On the 19th of January the king went to Westminster, where an extra-ordinary solemnity took place on the following day, which was Sunday, at which the king wore his crown and Eleanor was crowned queen. Thus was Henry the Third married at Canterbury, and the nuptials were celebrated in London, at Westminster, on the feast of St. Fabian and St. Sebastian.

Chronica Majora. 19 Jan 1236. There were assembled at the [her husband] king's (age 28) nuptial festivities such a host of nobles of both sexes, such numbers of religious men, such crowds of the populace, and such a variety of actors, that London, with its capacious bosom, could scarcely contain them. The whole city was ornamented with flags and banners, chaplets and hangings, candles and lamps, and with wonderful devices and extraordinary representations, and all the roads were cleansed from mud and dirt, sticks, and everything offensive. The citizens, too, went out to meet the king (age 28) and queen (age 13), dressed out in their ornaments, and vied with each other in trying the speed of their horses. On the same day, when they left the city for Westminster, to perform the duties of butler to the king (which office belonged to them by right of old, at the coronation), they proceeded thither dressed in silk garments, with mantles worked in gold, and with costly changes of raiment, mounted on valuable horses, glittering with new bits and saddles, and riding in troops arranged in order. They carried with them three hundred and sixty gold and silver cups, preceded by the king's trumpeters and with horns sounding, so that such a wonderful novelty struck all who beheld it with astonishment. The archbishop of Canterbury (age 61), by the right especially belonging to him, performed the duty of crowning, with the usual solemnities, the bishop of London assisting him as a dean, the other bishops taking their stations according to their rank. In the same way all the abbats, at the head of whom, as was his right, was the abbat of St. Alban's (for as the Protomartyr of England, B. Alban, was the chief of all the martyrs of England, so also was his abbat the chief of all the abbats in rank and dignity), as the authentic privileges of that church set forth. The nobles, too, performed the duties, which, by ancient right and custom, pertained to them at the coronations of kings. In like manner some of the inhabitants of certain cities discharged certain duties which belonged to them by right of their ancestors. The earl of Chester (age 29) carried the sword of St. Edward, which was called "Curtein", before the king, as a sign that he was earl of the palace, and had by right the power of restraining the king if he should commit an error. The earl was attended by the constable of Chester (age 44), and kept the people away with a wand when they pressed forward in a disorderly way. The grand marshal of England, the earl of Pembroke (age 39), carried a wand before the king and cleared the way before him both, in the church and in the banquet-hall, and arranged the banquet and the guests at table. The Wardens of the Cinque Ports carried the pall over the king, supported by four spears, but the claim to this duty was not altogether undisputed. The earl of Leicester (age 28) supplied the king with water in basins to wash before his meal; the Earl Warrenne performed the duty of king's Cupbearer, supplying the place of the earl of Arundel, because the latter was a youth and not as yet made a belted knight. Master Michael Belet was butler ex officio; the earl of Hereford (age 32) performed the duties of marshal of the king's household, and William Beauchamp (age 51) held the station of almoner. The justiciary of the forests arranged the drinking cups on the table at the king's right hand, although he met with some opposition, which however fell to the ground. The citizens of London passed the wine about in all directions, in costly cups, and those of Winchester superintended the cooking of the feast; the rest, according to the ancient statutes, filled their separate stations, or made their claims to do so. And in order that the nuptial festivities might not be clouded by any disputes, saving the right of any one, many things were put up with for the time which they left for decision at a more favourable opportunity. The office of chancellor of England, and all the offices connected with the king, are ordained and assized in the Exchequer. Therefore the chancellor, the chamberlain, the marshal, and the constable, by right of their office, took their seats there, as also did the barons, according to the date of their creation, in the city of London, whereby they each knew his own place. The ceremony was splendid, with the gay dresses of the clergy and knights who were present. The abbat of Westminster sprinkled the holy water, and the treasurer, acting the part of sub-dean, carried the Paten. Why should I describe all those persons who reverently ministered in the church to God as was their duty? Why describe the abundance of meats and dishes on the table & the quantity of venison, the variety of fish, the joyous sounds of the glee-men, and the gaiety of the waiters? Whatever the world could afford to create pleasure and magnificence was there brought together from every quarter.

Chronica Majora. 11 Feb 1236. When the nuptial rejoicings were concluded, the [her husband] king (age 28) left London and went to Merton [Map], where he summoned the nobles to hear a message lately brought from the emperor (age 41), and to discuss the business of the kingdom. For messengers had come direct from the emperor to the king with letters, asking him without delay to send his brother [her brother-in-law] Richard, earl of Cornwall (age 27), whose circumspect skill report had spread far and wide, to make war on the king of the French. He also promised, by way of assistance, to send all the Imperial forces, especially in order to enable the English king (age 28) not only to recover his continental possessions, but also, when they were regained, to extend his former possessions. To this, the king (age 28) and the nobles there assembled, after due deliberation, replied that it would not be safe or prudent to send one so young out of the kingdom and to expose him to the doubtful chances and dangers of war, since he was the only apparent heir of the king and kingdom, and the hopes of all were centred in him next to the king. For the king, although he was married, had no children, and the queen his wife (age 13) was still young, and did not know whether she was fruitful or barren. But if it was agreeable to his excellency the emperor to summon any other brave man he chose, from amongst the nobles of the kingdom, for the purpose, they, the king, and all his friends and subjects, in accordance with his request, would at once render him all the assistance in their power. The messengers, on receiving this reply, returned to inform their lord.

On 02 Feb 1237 [her illegitimate sister-in-law] Joan Plantagenet (age 46) died at Abergwyngregyn Bangor.

Chronica Majora. After 14 Feb 1237. About this time [her uncle] William, bishop elect of Valentia, to whom the [her husband] king (age 29) had entirely intrusted the reins of government, seeing that the nobles had, not without reason, conceived great indignation against him, on that account took his departure for his own country; his lands and rich farms, which the king had given him, he placed in the hands of Aaron, a Jew of York, in the form of a pledge, receiving from him, by way of loan, nine hundred marks of new sterling money in hand. He then directed his steps towards Dover, under the guidance of the king himself, with the packsaddles of his beasts of burden full of gold, silver, and divers royal presents, besides some desirable jennets and valuable saddle horses. And so cunningly had this man managed matters, that the king, abandoning the example set him by the noble emperor and the careful king of France, who did not permit their backs to be trodden upon by their wives and their relatives and countrymen, deprived and drained of all his money, and become a needy man, suffered this bishop to pull his kingdom to pieces, and, being under the influence of his wife (age 14), allowed him, on the least pretence, to consume the produce of his own temtories. He also allowed foreigners, - Poictevins, Germans, Provencals, and Romans, - to fatten themselves on the good things of the country, to the injury of his kingdom. The aforesaid bishop elect of Valentia then went to France, whence, after paying his respects to the king and his sister, he was without delay sent away in peace, and allowed to depart without any presents. He then sent the presents he had brought from England to Provence, and there distributed them, together with some horses loaded with an immense sum of money, and then returned empty lianded to England, where he was received by the king with open arms.

On 17 Jun 1239 [her son] King Edward "Longshanks" I of England was born to [her husband] King Henry III of England (age 31) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 16) at Westminster Palace [Map].

On 29 Sep 1240 [her daughter] Margaret Queen of Scotland was born to [her husband] King Henry III of England (age 32) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 17) at Windsor Castle [Map].

Chronica Majora. The confirmation of Master Nicholas of Farnhamy in the bishopric of Durham

On the 9th of June, in this year. Master Nicholas of Farnham, bishop elect of Durham, was consecrated bishop of that see in St. Oswald's church [Map] at Gloucester, by Walter, archbishop of York (age 61), in the presence of the [her husband] king (age 33) and queen (age 18), with numerous bishops and abbats. But inasmuch as a question had been mooted concerning his profession, amongst some who wished to excite discord, the said Nicholas refused to claim a liberty that was not his due, or to show himself insolent or recalcitrant; he therefore, at his consecration, in public, before all the prelates and nobles, and in the presence of his metropolitan, the said Archbishop Walter, solemnly and distinctly made his profession in a loud voice, according to custom, as follows; "I Nicholas, bishop elect of the church of Durham, acknowledge canonical subjection, reverence, and obedience to the church of York, and to you, father Walter, its archbishop, and this I subscribe with my own hand." He then immediately, in the presence of all assembled, marked the sign of the cross in ink at the head of the charter, and delivered the same to the archbishop to be kept in his possession in his treasury.

On 24 Jun 1242 [her daughter] Beatrice Plantagenet was born to [her husband] King Henry III of England (age 34) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 19) at Bordeaux [Map].

On 16 Jan 1245 [her son] Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster was born to [her husband] King Henry III of England (age 37) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 22) in London.

On 19 Aug 1245 [her father] Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence (age 47) died.

In Jun 1246 [her illegitimate brother-in-law] Richard Fitzroy (age 56) died.

On 25 or 26 Dec 1251 [her son-in-law] Alexander III King Scotland (age 10) and [her daughter] Margaret Queen of Scotland (age 11) were married at York Minster [Map]. She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland. The couple remained in York until Jan 1252 after which they travelled to Edinburgh [Map]. She the daughter of King Henry III of England (age 44) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 28). He the son of Alexander II King Scotland and Marie Coucy (age 33). They were half fourth cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

Letters. 1253. Letter XI. The Nuns of St. Maries of Chester to Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 30).

To the most excellent lady Eleonora, by God's grace queen of England, lady of Ireland, duchess of Normandy and Aquitaine, countess of Anjou, her humble convent of nuns of St. Mary of Chester wishes her, if she pleases, health and happy success to her utmost desires.

When our prioress of happy memory, lady Alicia of Stockport, lately went the way of all flesh, we, having quickly sent a messenger about it to our most excellent lord Henry, by God's grace the illustrious king of England, according to the tenor of his benignant reply/ by a special letter of ratification sent to you on the morrow of St. Lawrence the Martyr's day,** having invoked the aid of the Holy Spirit, without any condition or reclamation^ unanimously and cordially elected the lady Alicia de la Haye our sub-prioress, a woman deserving commendation for her life and conduct, as our prioress, all things thereto appertaining being canonically observed. Therefore it is that, mentally throwing ourselves at the feet of your excellency, since bowels of pity and mercy grow in you, we humbly and devoutly seek that you will deign, by the instinct of Divine compassion, to confirm the said Alicia as our prioress to our miserable convent, amidst its multiplied desolations. For so greatly are we reduced that we are compelled every day to beg abroad our food, slight as it is. The very secret places of our aflSicted hearts cry out therefore to you, expecting the wished-for effect of our pious petition. And we, each one of uS; will, as is fitting, and as we formerly did, now in future much more devoutly, offer prayers to the Lord for you and yours. May your ladyship ever fare well in the Lord!

On 25 Nov 1253 [her daughter] Katherine Plantagenet was born to [her husband] King Henry III of England (age 46) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 30) at Westminster Palace [Map].

Letters. 13 Feb 1254. Letter XII. Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 31) and [her brother-in-law] Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (age 45) to [her husband] King Henry III of England (age 46).

To their most excellent lord, the lord Henry, by God's grace the illustrious king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, and earl of Anjou, his most devoted consort Eleanora, by the same grace queen of England, and his devoted and faithful Richard earl of Cornwall, send health with all reverence and honour.

Be it known to your revered lordship that the lords the earl marshall (age 45) and John de Bailiol (age 46), being hindered at sea by a contrary wind during twelve days, came to us in England on the Wednesday after the Purification of Blessed Mary last past.

We had been treating with your prelates and the magnates of your kingdom of England before the advent of the said Earl and John, on the quinzaines of St. Hilary last past about your subsidy, and after the arrival of the said Earl and John, with certain of the aforesaid prelates and magnates, the archbishops and bishops answered us that if the King of Castile (age 32) should come against you in Gascony each of them would assist you from his own property, so that you would be under perpetual obli gations to them; but with regard to granting you an aid from their clergy, they could do nothing without the assent of the said clergy; nor do they believe that their clergy can be induced to give you any help, unless the tenth of clerical goods granted to you for the first year of the crusade, which should begin in the present year, might be relaxed at once by your letters patent, and the collection of the said tenth for the said crusade, for the two following years, might be put in respite up to the term of two years before your passage to the Holy Land; and they will give diligence and treat with the clergy submitted to them, to induce them to assist you according to that form with a tenth of their benefices, in case the King of Castile should attack you in Gascony; but at the departure of the bearer of these presents no subsidy had as yet been granted by the aforesaid clergy. Moreover, as we have elsewhere signified to you, if the King of Castile should come against you in Gascony, all the earls and barons of your kingdom, who are able to cross the sea, will come to you in Gascony, with all their power; but from the other laymen who do not sail over to you we do not think that we can obtain any help for your use, unless you write to your lieutenants in England firmly to maintain your great charters of liberties, and to let this be distinctly perceived by your letters to each Sheriff of your kingdom, and publicly proclaimed through each county of the said kingdom; since, by this means, they would be more strongly animated cheerfully to grant you aid; for many persons complain that the aforesaid charters are not kept by your sheriffs and other bailiffs as they ought to be kept. Be it known, therefore, to your lordship, that we shall hold a conference with the aforesaid clergy and laity at Westminster, in the quinzaines of Passover next, about the aforesaid aid, and we supplicate your lordship that you will write us your good pleasure concerning these affairs with the utmost possible haste. For you will find us prepared and devoted, according to our power, to solicit the aforesaid aid for your use, and to do and procure all other things ....* which can contribute to your convenience and the increase of your honour. Given at Windsor [Map], the 13th of February, in the thirty-eighth year of your reign.

Wedding of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile

On 01 Nov 1254 [her son] King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 15) and [her daughter-in-law] Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (age 13) were married at Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas. She the daughter of Ferdinand III King Castile III King Leon and Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile and Leon (age 34). He the son of King Henry III of England (age 47) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 31). They were second cousin once removed. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Liber de Antiquis Legibus 1255. 1255. In this year, the Queen (age 32), for a sum of 400 marks, remitted to the citizens of London all claim which she had against them on account of her Gold; which Gold all the other men of the realm were wont to pay upon fine made to his lordship the King.

On 03 May 1257 [her daughter] Katherine Plantagenet (age 3) died at Swallowfield, Berkshire. She was buried in the Ambulatory, Chancel, Westminster Abbey.

On 22 Jan 1260 [her son-in-law] John Capet II Duke Brittany (age 21) and [her daughter] Beatrice Plantagenet (age 17) were married. She the daughter of King Henry III of England (age 52) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 37). He the son of John "The Red" Capet I Duke Brittany (age 42) and Blanche "Navarre" Blois Duchess Brittany (age 34). They were half second cousin twice removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King William "Conqueror" I of England.

Battle of Lewes

On 14 May 1264 the army of Simon de Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Chester (age 56) including Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford (age 20), Henry Hastings (age 29) and Nicholas Segrave 1st Baron Segrave (age 26) defeated the army of [her husband] King Henry III of England (age 56) during the Battle of Lewes at Lewes [Map].

King Henry III of England (age 56), his son, the future, [her son] King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 24), Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford 1st Earl Essex (age 60), [her brother-in-law] Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (age 55), John "Red" Comyn 1st Lord Baddenoch (age 44), Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion (age 30) and John Giffard 1st Baron Giffard Brimpsfield (age 32) were captured. John Warenne 6th Earl of Surrey (age 33), John Balliol (age 56), Robert Bruce 5th Lord Annandale (age 49), Roger Leybourne (age 49) and [her brother-in-law] William de Valence 1st Earl Pembroke fought for the King. [her brother-in-law] Guy Lusignan was killed. Fulk IV Fitzwarin (age 44) drowned. Bishop Walter de Cantelupe (age 73) was present and blessed the Montfort army before the battle.

Around 1267 [her mother] Beatrice Savoy Countess Provence (age 69) died.

On 15 May 1268 [her uncle] Peter of Savoy 1st Earl of Richmond (age 65) died. He left the Honour of Richmond to his niece Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 45) who transferred it to the crown.

After 07 Apr 1269 [her sister-in-law] Agatha Lusignan (age 46) died.

On 08 Apr 1269 [her son] Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 24) and [her daughter-in-law] Aveline Forz 6th Countess Albemarle and Lancaster were married. She by marriage Countess Lancaster. She the daughter of William Forz 4th Earl Albemarle aka Aumale and Isabella Redvers 8th Countess Devon and Albemarle aka Aumale (age 31). He the son of King Henry III of England (age 61) and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 46). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

Death of Henry III

On 16 Nov 1272 [her husband] King Henry III of England (age 65) died at Westminster [Map]. His son [her son] King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 33) succeeded I King England. [her daughter-in-law] Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (age 31) by marriage Queen Consort England.

In 1274 [her former brother-in-law] Geoffrey Lusignan died.

On 24 Mar 1275 [her daughter] Beatrice Plantagenet (age 32) died in London. She was buried at Greyfriars Church Farringdon Within [Map].

On 03 Feb 1276 [her son] Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 31) and [her daughter-in-law] Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 28) were married. She by marriage Countess Lancaster. She the daughter of Robert Capet Count of Artois and Matilda Reginar Countess Saint Pol (age 52). He the son of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 53). They were second cousin once removed. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Letters. 1279. Letter XVII. Eleanora Queen-Dowager of England (age 56) to her son [her son] Edward I (age 39).

Eleanora, by God's grace queen of England, to our dear son Edward, by the same grace king of England, health and our blessing.

Know, sweet son, that we have understood that a marriage is in agitation between the son of the King of Sicily (age 51) and the daughter of the King of Germany (age 60); and, if this alliance is made, we may well be disturbed in the right that we have to the fourth part of Provence, which thing would be great damage to us, and this damage would be both ours and yours. Where fore we pray and require you, that you will specially write to the aforesaid king, that since Provence is held from the empire, and his dignity demands that he should have right done to us about it, he will regard the right that we have, and cause us to hold it. Of this thing we especially require you, and we commend you to God.

Letters. After 1279. Letter XX. Eleanora Queen-Dowager of England (age 56) to her son [her son] Edward I (age 39).

To the most noble prince and our dearest son, Edward, by God's grace king of England, lord of Ireland, and duke of Guienne, Eleanora, hoxnble nun of the order of Fontevraud of the convent of Amesbury, health and our blessing.

Sweetest son, our abbess of Fontevraud has prayed us that we would entreat the King of Sicily to guard and preserve the franchises of her house, which some people wish to damage. And, because we know well that he will do much more for your prayer than for ours, for you have better deserved it, we pray you, good son^ that for love of us you will request and especi-^ ally require this thing from him; and that he would command that the things which the abbess holds in his lordship may be in his protection and guard, and that neither she nor hers may be molested or grieved. Good son, if it please you, command that the billet be hastily delivered. We wish you health in the sweet Jesus, to whom we commend you.

Letters. After 1279. Letter XXI. Eleanora Queen-Dowager of England (age 56) to her son [her son] Edward I (age 39).

To the most noble prince and her very dear son, Edward, by God's grace king of England, lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine, Eleanora, humble nun of the order of Fontevraud [Map], of the convent of Amesbury, wishes health and her blessing.

Sweetest son, we know well how great is the desire that a mother has to see her child when she has been long away from him, and that dame Margaret de Nevile (age 24), companion of Master John Painter Giffard (age 47), has not seen for a long time past her child, who is in the keeping of dame Margaret de Weyland, and has a great desire to see him. We pray you, sweetest son, that you will command and pray the aforesaid Margaret de Weyland, that she will suffer that the mother may have the solace of her child for some time, after her desire. Dearest son, we commend you to God. Given at Amesbury [Map], the 4th day of March.

On 24 Jun 1291 Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 68) died at Amesbury Abbey, Wiltshire [Map] where she was subsequently buried. Her heart was buried at Christ Church Greyfriars [Map].

Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291 appears on the following Descendants Family Trees:

Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

Royal Ancestors of Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

Kings Franks: Great x 14 Grand Daughter of Charles "Charlemagne aka Great" King Franks King Lombardy Holy Roman Emperor

Kings France: Great x 6 Grand Daughter of Robert "Pious" II King France

Royal Descendants of Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

Agnes La Marck Queen Consort Navarre x 1

King Edward "Longshanks" I of England x 1

Margaret Queen of Scotland x 1

Philip "Noble" III King Navarre x 1

Joan Évreux Queen Consort France x 1

Blanche Valois Holy Roman Empress Luxemburg x 1

Blanche Dampierre Queen Consort Norway and Sweden x 1

Joan Auvergne Queen Consort France x 1

Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France x 1

Blanche Bourbon Queen Consort Castile x 1

Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal x 1

Yolande of Bar Queen Consort Aragon x 1

King Henry IV of England x 1

King Louis of Naples x 1

King Henry V of England x 1

Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark x 1

Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland x 1

Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford x 1

Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland x 1

Charlotte Savoy Queen Consort France x 1

King Edward IV of England x 2

King Richard III of England x 2

Anne Neville Queen Consort England x 1

King Henry VII of England and Ireland x 1

Louis XII King France x 1

Jean III King Navarre x 1

Bianca Maria Sforza Holy Roman Empress x 1

Anne of Brittany Queen Consort France x 1

Philip "Handsome Fair" King Castile x 3

Germaine Foix Queen Consort Aragon x 1

Marguerite Valois Orléans Queen Consort Navarre x 3

King Francis I of France x 3

Queen Anne Boleyn of England x 4

Anne Jagiellon Holy Roman Empress x 1

Queen Jane Seymour x 2

Catherine Parr Queen Consort England x 1

Anne of Cleves Queen Consort England x 3

Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland x 7

Antoine King Navarre x 5

Queen Catherine Howard of England x 3

Jane "Nine Days Queen" Grey I Queen England and Ireland x 4

Louis VI Elector Palatine x 1

Louise Lorraine Queen Consort France x 4

Maximilian "The Great" Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria I Elector Bavaria x 5

Maria Anna Wittelsbach Holy Roman Empress x 5

Electress Louise Juliana of the Palatine Rhine x 2

Ferdinand of Spain II Holy Roman Emperor x 1

Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain x 1

Eleonora Gonzaga Queen Consort Bohemia x 2

Maria Leopoldine Habsburg Spain Queen Consort Bohemia x 1

Marie Françoise Élisabeth of Savoy Queen Consort of Portugal x 11

Victor Amadeus King Sardinia x 13

Maria Anna Neuburg Queen Consort Spain x 3

Joseph I Holy Roman Emperor x 3

Charles Habsburg Spain VI Holy Roman Emperor x 3

Francis I Holy Roman Emperor x 4

Elisabeth Therese Lorraine Queen Consort Sardinia x 4

President George Washington x 2

King George III of Great Britain and Ireland x 3

Caroline Matilda Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway x 3

Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England x 3

King Christian I of Norway and VIII of Denmark x 6

Frederick VII King Denmark x 9

Queen Louise Hesse-Kassel of Denmark x 6

Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom x 6

Queen Sophia of Sweden and Norway x 3

Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia x 18

King Edward VII of the United Kingdom x 18

Frederick Charles I King Finland x 6

Alexandrine Mecklenburg-Schwerin Queen Consort Denmark x 9

Victoria Eugénie Mountbatten Queen Consort Spain x 18

Louise Mountbatten Queen Consort Sweden x 18

Ingrid Bernadotte Queen Consort Denmark x 18

Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh x 18

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 321

Carl XVI King Sweden x 36

Queen Consort Camilla Shand x 101

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 1000

Catherine Middleton Princess of Wales x 2

Ancestors of Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

Great x 2 Grandfather: Raymond Berenguer Barcelona V Count Barcelona

Great x 4 Grandfather: Gilbert Gevaudan

Great x 3 Grandmother: Douce Gevaudan Countess Barcelona

Great x 4 Grandmother: Gerberga Arles

Great x 1 Grandfather: Alfonso II King Aragon

Great x 3 Grandfather: Ramiro "Monk" II King Aragon

Great x 4 Grandmother: Felicia Montdidier Queen Consort Aragon and Pamplona

Great x 2 Grandmother: Petronilla Jiménez Queen Aragon

Great x 3 Grandmother: Agnes Poitiers Queen Consort Aragon

Great x 4 Grandmother: Philippa Rouerge Duchess Aquitaine

GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Ivrea I Count Burgundy

Great x 3 Grandfather: Raymond Ivrea

Great x 4 Grandmother: Ettiennette Countess Burgundy

Great x 2 Grandfather: Alfonso VII King Castile VII King Leon

Great x 1 Grandmother: Sancha Ivrea Queen Consort Aragon

Great x 2 Grandmother: Richeza Unknown Queen Consort Castile Queen Consort Leon

Father: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence

Great x 1 Grandfather: Rainou of Sabran

GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran Countess Provence

Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Amadeus Savoy II Count Savoy

Great x 3 Grandfather: Humbert "Fat" Savoy II Count Savoy

Great x 2 Grandfather: Amadeus Savoy III Count Savoy

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Ivrea I Count Burgundy

Great x 3 Grandmother: Gisela Ivrea Countess Savoy

Great x 4 Grandmother: Ettiennette Countess Burgundy

Great x 1 Grandfather: Humbert Savoy III Count Savoy

Great x 2 Grandmother: Mahaut Albon Countess Savoy

GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy

Great x 1 Grandmother: Beatrice Macon Countess Savoy

Mother: Beatrice Savoy Countess Provence

Great x 1 Grandfather: William I-Count Geneva

GrandMother: Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy