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Biography of Owen Tudor 1400-1461

1415 Battle of Agincourt

1420 Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois

1429 English Coronation of Henry VI

1430 Birth of Edmund Tudor

1437 Death of Dowager Queen Consort Catherine of Valois

1445 Marriage of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou

1461 Battle of Mortimer's Cross

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1495 Death of Jasper Tudor Duke Bedford


Family Trees

Royal Ancestry

Royal Descendants

Ancestry

Around 1400 Owen Tudor 1400-1461 was born to [his father] Maredudd Tudor 1360-1406 (40).

Around 1406 [his father] Maredudd Tudor 1360-1406 (46) died.

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard.
Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother Henry V King England 1386-1422 (29). Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty.
John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35), Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 and Edward Burnell -1415, were killed.
Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) was killed. His brother William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk (3C 1385).
The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope, 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (51), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (12), Thomas Dutton 1396-1431 (19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435 (29), Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (57), John Grey 1387-1439 (28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31), William Harrington 1373-1440 (42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (37), Piers Legh 1389-1422 (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal, 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22), John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Bolton 1393-1420 (22), Robert Strelley 1397-1430 (18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley Heighley 1398-1459 (17), Robert Umfraville 1363-1437 (52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1380-1416 (35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (30). Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.
The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 (35), Walter Sais, Roger Vaughan and his son Roger Vaughan -1471. Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.
The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415 (46), , Philip Valois-Burgundy II Count Nevers 1389-1415, John Bar 1380-1415, Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415, David Rambures 1364-1415 and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415 and Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxemburg 1355-1415 were killed. Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20), John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.
Robert Bar Count Soissons, Count Marle 1390-1415 was killed. Jeanne Bar Countess Soissons 1415-1462 succeeded Count Soissons (1367).
Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed.
Edward Bar III Duke Bar 1377-1415 (38) was killed. His brother Cardinal Louis Bar 1377-1430 (38) succeeded I Duke Bar.
John Valois-Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was killed. His son Jean Valois-Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.
Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47) was killed. His son Antoine Metz Count Vaudémont 1400-1458 (15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.
Anthony Valois-Burgundy Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31) was killed. His son John Valois-Burgundy IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant 1401-1436 (14) by marriage Duchess Brabant.

Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois

On 02 Jun 1420 Henry V (33) and Catherine of Valois (18) were married (he was her half third-cousin once-removed) at Troyes Cathedral.

English Coronation of Henry VI

On 06 Nov 1429 [his step-son] Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (7) was crowned VI King England: Plantagenet Lancaster by Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (54) at Westminster Abbey. Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick 1425-1446 (4) carried the child King. John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (14) attended. John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (20) was knighted.

Around 1430 Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (30) and [his wife] Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (28) were married.

Birth of Edmund Tudor

On 11 Jun 1430 [his son] Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 was born to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (30) and [his wife] Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (28) at Much Hadham Palace, Much Hadham (which belonged to the Bishops of London). There is speculation that the biological father was Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (24) with whom Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (28) was rumoured to have had an affair. Interesting, perhaps, that he was named Edmund rather than Owen. Interesting that he took the Royal Arms of England differenced. Also interesting that his younger brother was named Jasper; a Persian name meaning 'Keeper of the Treasure'.

Around Nov 1431 [his son] Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 was born to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (31) and [his wife] Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (30) at Bishop's Hatfield.

Death of Dowager Queen Consort Catherine of Valois

On 03 Jan 1437 [his wife] Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (35) died. She had been married aged eighteen to Henry V King England 1386-1422 for two years three months. Their son was [his step-son] Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (15).
After Henry V died she disappears somewhat from the records other than for Parliament to legislate against her marrying without permission, which she then duly did, to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (37), and had two sons, the elder of which was father to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Marriage of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou

On 23 Apr 1445 [his step-son] Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (23) and Margaret of Anjou Queen Consort England 1430-1482 (15) were married (he was her third-cousin) at Titchfield Abbey, Fareham.

On 15 Dec 1449 [his son] Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (19) was created 1st Earl Richmond (7C 1452) by his half-brother [his step-son] Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (28).

On 25 Nov 1452 [his son] Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (21) was created 1st Earl Pembroke (7C 1452).

On 01 Nov 1455 [his son] Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (25) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) were married at Bletsoe Castle, Bletsoe. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) by marriage 1st Earl Richmond (7C 1452).

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 03 Nov 1456 [his son] Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (26) died of plague at Carmarthen Castle, Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire, South West Wales leaving his twelve year old wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (13) pregnant with their child Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Around 1459 [his illegitimate son] David Owen 1459-1535 was born illegitimately to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (59) at Pembroke Castle.

Battle of Mortimer's Cross

On 02 Feb 1461 at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross at Wigmore the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) commanded the Yorkist forces including William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30), John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471, John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (35), John Savage 1444-1492 and Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51). In the Lancastrian army Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) (captured by Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51) ) and his son [his son] Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (29) fought as well as James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40). Gruffydd ap Nicholas Deheubarth 1393-1461 (68) was killed.
Following the battle Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) was beheaded in the Market Place, Hereford. He was buried thereafter in Greyfriars Church, Hereford in a tomb paid for by his son [his illegitimate son] David Owen 1459-1535 (2).

02 Feb 1461. Memorial to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) in the Market Place, Hereford. Somewhat icongruously between a toddlers merry-go-round and a baked potato stall on the day of our visit.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 28 Oct 1485 [his son] Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53) was created 1st Duke Bedford (5C 1485) by his nephew Henry VII (28) for having supported Henry's claim to the throne. Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (27) by marriage Duchess Bedford (5C 1485).
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50) was created 1st Earl Derby (3C 1485).
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1459-1509 (26) was created 1st Earl Devon (3C 1485).
Reginald Bray 1440-1503 (45), John Fitzwalter, Thomas Cokesge, Roger Lewkenor, Henry Haydon and John Verney were appointed Knight of the Bath.

On 07 Nov 1485 [his son] Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (54) and Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (27) were married. Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (27) by marriage Countess Pembroke (7C 1452).

Before 1493 [his illegitimate son] David Owen 1459-1535 and Mary Bohun 1468-1500 were married by which Owen came into possession of Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst when Mary inherited it from her father John Bohun 1446-1492.

Death of Jasper Tudor Duke Bedford

On 21 Dec 1495 [his son] Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (64) died at Thornbury Manor without legitimate issue. He had been half-brother to [his step-son] Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 and uncle to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (38) for whom he fought at the Battle of Bosworth and Battle of Stoke Field. He had lived in Brittany and France during the years when the House of York occupied the throne. He enjoyed the last ten years of his life as Duke Bedford. He had married Catherine Woodville (37) in November 1485, after the Battle of Bosworth. A somewhat curious choice she being the sister of the former queen Elizabeth Woodville. His name, Jasper, an enigma. It apparently means "Keeper of the Treasure" - it isn't clear what treasure is being referred to although there is speculation as to whether his and his brother [his son] Edmund's father was Owen Tudor 1400-1461.

[his illegitimate son] Edward or Owen Tudor was born illegitimately to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 at Pembroke Castle.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Tudor

Royal Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Æthelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 7 Grand Son of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd 1055-1137

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 12 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 7 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 4 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Royal Descendants

Ancestry

Father: Maredudd Tudor 1360-1406 3 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandFather: Tudur ap Goronwy Tudor -1367

Great GrandFather: Goronwy ap Tudur Hen Tudor -1331

Great x 2 GrandFather: Tudur "Hen aka Elder" Tudor 1268-1311

Great x 3 GrandFather: Goronwy ab Ednyfed Tudor 1205-1268

Great x 4 GrandFather: Ednyfed "Fychan aka Younger" Tudor 1170-1246

Great x 4 GrandMother: Gwenllian ferch Rhys Dinefwr -1236

Great GrandMother: Gwerfyl verch Madog Hendwr 1285-

Great x 2 GrandFather: Madog ab Iorwerth Hendwr 1260-1321

Great x 3 GrandFather: Iorwerth ap Madog Hendwr

GrandMother: Marged verch Thomas -1340 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Thomas ap Llywelyn 1299-1343 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Llewelyn ap Owen 1270-1309

Great x 3 GrandFather: Owain ap Meredudd 1243-

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Bar -1332 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Bar III Count Bar 1259- 5 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Theobald Bar II Count Bar 1221-1291 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Jeanne Toucy Count Bar

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet 1269-1298 Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 4 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189