Biography of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671

1661 Coronation of Charles II


Family Trees

Ancestry

In 1629 [her father] Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674 (19) and Anne Ayloffe -1629 were married. She died six months later.

After 14 Oct 1633 [her husband] [her husband] James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 was created 1st Duke York (5C 1633).

In 1634 [her father] Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674 (24) and [her mother] Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon 1617-1667 (16) were married.

On 12 Mar 1637 Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 was born to [her father] Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674 (28) and [her mother] Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon 1617-1667 (19).

In 1660 [her brother] Henry Hyde 2nd Earl Clarendon -1709 and Theodosia Capell Countess Clarendon -1661 were married. She died a year later.

On 03 Sep 1660 [her husband] [her husband] James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (26) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (23) were married in secret. Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (23) by marriage Duchess York (5C 1633).

John Evelyn's Diary 1660 October. 7th October, 1660. There dined with me a French count, with Sir George Tuke, who came to take leave of me, being sent over to the Queen-Mother (50), to break the marriage of the [her husband] [her husband] Duke (26) with the daughter (23) of [her father] Chancellor Hyde (51). The Queen (50) would fain have undone it; but it seems matters were reconciled, on great offers of the Chancellor's (51) to befriend the Queen (50), who was much in debt, and was now to have the settlement of her affairs go through his hands.

Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

On 22 Oct 1660 [her son] Charles Stewart 1660-1661 was born to [her husband] [her husband] James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (27) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (23) at Worcester House, Worcester Park, Sutton.

John Evelyn's Diary 1660 December. 22d December, 1660. The marriage of the [her father] Chancellor's (51) daughter (23) being now newly owned, I went to see her, she being Sir Richard Browne's (55) intimate acquaintance when she waited on the Princess of Orange (29); she was now at her father's, at Worcester House, in the Strand. We all kissed her hand, as did also my Lord Chamberlain (58) (Manchester) and Countess of Northumberland (52). This was a strange change—can it succeed well?—I spent the evening at St. James's, whither the Princess Henrietta was retired during the fatal sickness of her sister, the Princess of Orange (29), now come over to salute the King (30) her brother. The Princess gave my wife (25) an extraordinary compliment and gracious acceptance, for the "Character" she had presented her the day before, and which was afterward printed.

Around 1672 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (53). Postumous portrait of Princess Henrietta Stewart Duchess Orléans 1644-1670Commissioned by her brother Charles II King Scotland and presented by him in the Council ChamberWhere it still hangs today, in recognition of her birth in Bedford House, Exeter, the town house of the William Russell 1st Duke Bedford 1616-1700 (55)Who had given her mother refuge during the dangerous years before her father's execution in 1649.

Around 1661 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (42). Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (23).

Coronation of Charles II

On 20 Apr 1661 [her father] Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674 (52) was created 1st Earl Clarendon (1C 1661) at Westminster Abbey on the occasion of the Coronation Charles II. [her mother] Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon 1617-1667 (43) by marriage Countess Clarendon (1C 1661).

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

On 05 May 1661 [her son] Charles Stewart 1660-1661 died of smallpox at Whitehall Palace.

Around 1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Whitehall and the Privy Garden from Richmond House.

Around 1662 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (43). Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (24). One of the Windsor Beauties.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 February. 11th February, 1662. I saw a comedy acted before the Duchess of York (24) at the Cockpit. the King (31) was not at it.

On 30 Apr 1662 [her daughter] Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 was born to [her husband] [her husband] James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (28) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (25) at St James's Palace.

John Evelyn's Diary 1662 September. 1st September, 1662. Being invited by Lord Berkeley (34), I went to Durdans, where dined his Majesty (32), the Queen (23), [her daughter] Duke, Duchess (25), Prince Rupert (42), Prince Edward, and abundance of noblemen. I went, after dinner, to visit my brother (45) of Woodcot, my sister having been delivered of a son a little before, but who had now been two days dead.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 (36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two Putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (26).

Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696 (37). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (31).

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646 (30). Portrait of the Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (22), Colonel John Russell 1620-1687 (22) and Colonel William Murray.

Before 1656 Gerrit van Honthorst Painter 1592-1656. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682.

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Prince Rupert Palatinate-Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland 1619-1682 (60).

On 12 Jul 1663 [her son] James Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1663-1667 was born to [her husband] [her husband] James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (29) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (26) at St James's Palace.

In 1664 [her son] James Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1663-1667 was created 1st Duke Cambridge (1C 1664).

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of [her husband] [her husband] James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (46). Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27).

In 1665 [her brother] Lawrence Hyde 1st Earl Rochester 1642-1711 (22) and Henrietta Boyle Countess Rochester 1646-1687 (19) were married.

On 06 Feb 1665 [her daughter] Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland 1665-1714 was born to [her husband] [her husband] James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (27) at St James's Palace at 11:39pm being their fourth child and second daughter. She was baptised Anglican in the Chapel Royal with her elder sister [her daughter] Mary Stewart II Queen England, Scotland and Ireland 1662-1694 (2) being Godparent as well as Anne Scott Duchess Monmouth and Buccleuch 1651-1732 (13) and Gilbert Sheldon Archbishop of Canterbury 1598-1677 (66).

On 03 Sep 1665 [her husband] [her husband] James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (31) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (28) were married.

On 04 Jul 1666 [her son] Charles Stewart 1st Duke Kendal 1666-1667 was born to [her husband] [her husband] James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (32) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (29) at St James's Palace.

In 1667 [her daughter] Henrietta Fitzjames Countess Newcastle 1667-1730 was born to [her husband] [her husband] James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (33) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (29).

In 1667 [her son] Edgar Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1667-1671 was created 1st Duke Cambridge (2C 1667).

On 06 Jan 1667 Margaret Brooke Lady Denham 1640-1667 (27) died. She was rumoured to have been poisoned by her husband John Denham Poet 1615-1669 (52) by giving her a poisoned cup of chocolate. In any case rumour named several other possible poisoners, including her former lover [her husband] [her husband] James (33), his wife Anne Hyde (29) and his sister-in-law, Lady Rochester (21).

Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (45). Portrait of Margaret Brooke Lady Denham 1640-1667 (24). One of the Windsor Beauties.

On 22 May 1667 [her son] Charles Stewart 1st Duke Kendal 1666-1667 died.

On 20 Jun 1667 [her son] James Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1663-1667 (3) died at Richmond Palace, Richmond. He was buried at Westminster Abbey.

On 08 Aug 1667 [her mother] Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon 1617-1667 (50) died. She was buried in the Hyde Vault, Westminster Abbey.

On 15 Sep 1667 [her son] Edgar Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge 1667-1671 was born to [her husband] [her husband] James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (33) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (30).

On 19 Oct 1670 [her brother] Henry Hyde 2nd Earl Clarendon -1709 and Flower Backhouse Countess Clarendon -1700 were married.

On 09 Feb 1671 [her daughter] Catherine Stewart 1671-1671 was born to [her husband] [her husband] James II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1633-1701 (37) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (33).

On 31 Mar 1671 Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671 (34) died.

John Evelyn's Diary 1677 October. 23d October, 1677. Saw again the Prince of Orange (26); his marriage with the [her daughter] Lady Mary (15), eldest daughter to the [her husband] [her husband] Duke of York (44), by Mrs. Hyde, the late Duchess, was now declared.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

John Evelyn's Diary 1682 May. 29 May 1682. I gave notice to the Bishop Rochester (57) of what Maimburg had published about the motives of the late Duchess of York's perversion, in his "History of Calvinism;" and did myself write to the Bishop of Winchester (84) about it, who being concerned in it, I urged him to set forth his vindication.

Around 1822. George Perfect Harding Painter 1781-1853 (41). Portrait of John Dolben Archbishop 1625-1686. Cleary not contemporary the source of the image unknown.

John Evelyn's Diary 1686 January. 06 Jan 1686. Passed the Privie Seale, amongst others, the creation of Mrs. Sedley J (concubine to) Countesse of Dorchester (28), which the Queene took very grievously (27), so as for two dinners, standing neere her I observed she hardly eate one morsel, nor spake one word to the [her husband] [her husband] King (52), or to any about her, tho' at other times she us'd to be extreamly pleasant, full of discourse and good humour. The Roman Catholics were also very angry, because they had so long valu'd the sanctity of their religion and proselytes. Dryden (54) the famous playwriter, and his two sonns, and Mrs. Nelly (35) (Misse to ye late) were said to go to masse ; such proselytes were no greate losse to the church. This night was burnt to the ground my Lord Mountague's palace in Bloomsbury, than wch for painting and furniture there was nothing more glorious in England. This happen'd by the negligence of a servant, airing, as they call it, some of the goods by the fire in a moist season ; indeede so wet and mild a winter had scarce ben seene in man's memory. At this Seale there also pass'd the creation of Sr H. Walgrave (25) to be a Peere. He had married one of the [her daughter] King's natural daughters (19) by Mrs. Churchill. These two Seales my brother Commissioners pass'd in the morning before I came to towne, at. wch I was not displeas'd. We likewise pass'd Privy Seales for 5.2/6,000 upon severall accounts, pensions, guards, wardrobes, pri vie purse, &c. besides divers pardons, and one more wch I must not forget (and wch by Providence I was not present at) one Mr. Lytcott to be Secretary to the Ambassador to Rome. We being three Commissioners, any two were a quorum.

In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (28).

In 1698. Francois de Troy 1645-1730 (52). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (39).

Around 1685 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (29). Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26).

Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst Painter 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England, Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (21).

John Evelyn's Diary 1686 October. 03 Oct 1686. Went with the Countess of Sunderland (40) to Cranbourne, a lodge and walk of my Lord Godolphin's (41) in Windsor park. There was one room in the house spared in the pulling down the old one, because the late Duchess of York was born in it; the rest was built and added to it by Sir George Carteret, Treasurer of the Navy; and since, the whole was purchased by my Lord Godolphin (41), who spoke to me to go see it, and advise what trees were fit to be cut down to improve the dwelling, being environed with old rotten pollards, which corrupt the air. It stands on a knoll which though insensibly rising, gives it a prospect over the Keep of Windsor, about three miles N. E. of it. The ground is clayey and moist; the water stark naught; the park is pretty; the house tolerable, and gardens convenient. After dinner, we came back to London, having two coaches both going and coming, of six horses apiece, which we changed at Hounslow.

Chapter 6 His Arrival at the English Court - The Various Personages of the Court. It was in the height of the rejoicings they were making for this new queen, in all the splendour of a brilliant court, that the Chevalier de Grammont arrived to contribute to its magnificence and diversions.
Accustomed as he was to the grandeur of the court of France, he was surprised at the politeness and splendour of the court of England. The king was inferior to none, either in shape or air; his wit was pleasant; his disposition easy and affable; his soul, susceptible of opposite impressions, was compassionate to the unhappy, inflexible to the wicked, and tender even to excess; he showed great abilities in urgent affairs, but was incapable of application to any that were not so: his heart was often the dupe, but oftener the slave, of his engagements.
The character of the [her husband] [her husband] Duke of York was entirely different he had the reputation of undaunted courage, an inviolable attachment for his word, great economy in his affairs, hauteur, application, arrogance, each in their turn: a scrupulous observer of the rules of duty and the laws of justice; he was accounted a faithful friend, and an implacable enemy.
His morality and justice, struggling for some time with prejudice, had at last triumphed, by his acknowledging for his wife Miss Hyde, maid of honour to the Princess Royal, whom he had secretly married in Holland. Her [her father] father, from that time prime minister of England, supported by this new interest, soon rose to the head of affairs, and had almost ruined them: not that he wanted capacity, but he was too self-sufficient.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Hyde

Ancestry

Father: Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674

GrandFather: Henry Hyde 1563-1634

Great GrandFather: Lawrence Hyde 1521-1590

Great GrandMother: Anne Sibell

Great x 2 GrandFather: Nicholas Sibell

GrandMother: Mary Langford

Great GrandFather: Edward Langford

Mother: Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon 1617-1667

GrandFather: Thomas Aylesbury 1st Baronet 1576-1657

Great GrandFather: William Aylesbury