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Biography of Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558

CONTENT

1521 Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

1532 Anne Boleyn's Investiture as Marchioness of Pembroke

1533 Birth and Christening of Elizabeth I

1553 Arrival of Queen Mary I in London


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

Around 1497 Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 was born to Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (18) and Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530

In 1513 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40) and Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (16) were married .

In 1516 Henry Howard 1516-1547 was born to Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (43) and Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (19) at Hunsdon, Hertfordshire .

In 1519 Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 was born to Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (46) and Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (22) .

Around 1520 Thomas Howard 1st Viscount Howard Bindon 1520-1582 was born to Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (47) and Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (23)

Trial and Execution of the Duke of Buckingham

On 17 May 1521 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (43) was executed at Tower Hill for no specific reason other than his having a significant amount of Plantagenet blood and was, therefore, considered a threat by Henry VIII (29) . He was posthumously attainted by Act of Parliament on 31 July 1523, disinheriting his children.
He was buried at St Peter's Church, Britford, Wiltshire .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

On 21 May 1524 Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (27) by marriage 3rd Duke Norfolk (3C 1483)

On 21 May 1524 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (81) died at Framlingham Castle, Framlingham, Suffolk . He was buried at Thetford Priory, Thetford, Norfolk and subsequently reburied at the Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham, Suffolk . His son Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (51) succeeded as 3rd Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) , 2nd Earl Surrey (3C 1483) , 14th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 15th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) . Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (27) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (3C 1483) .

In 1530 Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530 died

Anne Boleyn's Investiture as Marchioness of Pembroke

On 01 Sep 1532 Anne Boleyn Queen Consort England 1501-1536 (31) was created 1st Marquess Pembroke with Henry VIII (41) performing the investiture at Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire .
Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (55) , Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (48) , Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (59) , Eleanor Paston Baroness Ros Helmsley 1495-1551 (37) , Jean Dinteville , Edward Lee Archbishop York 1482-1544 (50) , John Stokesley Bishop London 1475-1539 (57) were present.
Stephen Gardiner Bishop Winchester 1483-1555 (49) read the Patent of Creation.
Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset 1519-1557 (13) carried Anne's (31) train replacing her mother Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (35) who had been banished from Court. Anne (31) she were cousins.

Birth and Christening of Elizabeth I

On 10 Sep 1533 the future Elizabeth I was christened at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent .
Gertrude Blount Marchioness Exeter 1503-1558 (29) , Walter Blount , Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (44) and Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset 1487-1535 (46) were Godparents.
Henry Bourchier 2nd Earl Essex, 3rd Count Eu -1540 carried the covered gilt basin. Charles Brandon 1st Duke Suffolk 1484-1545 (49) escorted the Dowager Duchess of Norfolk. Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (16) carried the Salt. Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (36) carried the Chrisom. Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 (56) carried Elizabeth Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1533-1603 . Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter 1496-1539 (37) carried a taper of virgin wax.
Edward Stanley 3rd Earl Derby 1509-1572 (24) , Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (56) , Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent 1495-1562 (38) and George Boleyn 2nd Viscount Rochford 1503-1536 (30) supported the train of the mantle.
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (60) , William Howard 1st Baron Howard 1510-1573 (23) and John Hussey 1st Baron Hussey Sleaford 1465-1537 (68) carried the canopy.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Pelican Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
The Pelican being the pendant hung from her necklace of pearls; pearls a symbol of virginity.Pelicans traditionally used as sign of self-sacrifice since the Pelican was believed to peck at her own breast to feed her young; the symbolism meaning Elizabeth had sacrificed herself for England.
Other details include the highly decorated armlet above her elbow and many jewels over her red velvet gown and headress.The two cherries tucked into her right ear possibly refer to her virginity; possibly an over-interpretation of the modern use of cherry.
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Phoenix Portrait.

In 1572 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (25) painted the "Phoenix Portrait" of Elizabeth I (38) .
Research in 2010 found the painting used wood from the same tree used for the Pelican Portrait.

1533 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (36) . Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (43) .

In 1544 Gerlach Flicke 1520-1558 (24) . Portrait of Thomas Cranmer Archbishop Canterbury 1489-1556 (54) .

Arrival of Queen Mary I in London

On 03 Aug 1553 Mary Tudor I Queen England and Ireland 1516-1558 (37) made her formal entrance into London.
The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant-Taylor of London, 1550-1563, describes the event:
The third day of August, the Queen came riding to London and so to the Tower. She made her entrance at Aldgate , which was hanged with a great number of streamers hanging about the said gate; and all the streets into Leadenhall and unto the Tower were laid with gravel, and all the crafts of London stood in a row, with their banners and streamers hanging over their heads. Her Grace came, preceded by the Mayor of London carrying the mace and the Earl of Arundel carrying the sword, and all the trumpets blowing. After the Queen came the Lady Elizabeth (19) , and after her the Duchess of Norfolk (56) , and after her the Marchioness of Exeter and other ladies. And after them the aldermen, and then the guard with bows and javelins, and all the rest who departed from Aldgate in green and white, and red and white, and blue and green, to the number of three thousand horses and spears and javelins.
Strype’s Complete History of England describes Mary's entrance to the Tower:
There met her as humble supplicants the Duke of Norfolk (80) , who had been a prisoner ever since his son the Earl of Surrey (80) was put to death by King Henry the ; Edward Courtenay (26) , son of the Marquis of Exeter who was executed in the year 1538; Gardiner (70) , deprived of his Bishopric of Winchester about two years before; and the Dowager Duchess of Somerset (56) . They presented themselves on their knees, and Gardiner in the name of them all, made a congratulatory speech to the Queen, who kindly raised them one after another, saluted them, saying they were her own proper prisoners and ordered their immediate discharge. The next day she restored Courtenay (26) to the honor of his family. Gardiner (70) not only obtained his bishopric again but on the 23rd of August following was made Lord Chancellor, even though he had formerly subscribed to the Sentence of Divorce against the Queen’s mother and had written in defense of King Henry’s proceedings.

On 25 Aug 1554 Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (81) died at Kenninghall, Norfolk . He was buried at Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham, Suffolk . His grandson Thomas Howard 4th Duke Norfolk 1536-1572 (18) succeeded as 4th Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) , 3rd Earl Surrey (3C 1483) .

On Nov 1558 Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (61) died

Katherine Howard Countess Derby was born to Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 and Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Stafford

Descendants Family Trees:

Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 20 Grand Daughter of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 12 Grand Daughter of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 18 Grand Daughter of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 13 Grand Daughter of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 5 Grand Daughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 11 Grand Daughter of William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214

Kings Franks: Great x 11 Grand Daughter of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 7 Grand Daughter of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 Great x 4 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


GrandFather: Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 Great x 3 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandFather: Humphrey Stafford 1425-1458 Great x 2 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 Great x 3 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford 1383-1438 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandMother: Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham Great Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandMother: Margaret Beaufort 1437-1474 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 Great x 4 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick 1386-1422 Great x 3 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


GrandMother: Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 Great x 6 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469


Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Woodville 1385-1441


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Woodville 1341-1403


Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Bittelsgate 1390-1448


Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Bittelsgate 1350-


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp 1370-


Great GrandMother: Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 Great x 5 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter Luxembourg I Count Saint-Pol 1390-1433 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Luxembourg 1370-1397 Great x 3 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Brienne 1365-


Great x 2 GrandMother: Margherita Baux 1394-1469 Great x 5 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria 1330-1422


Great x 3 GrandMother: Sueva Orsini 1360-1430 Great x 4 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Mother: Eleanor Percy Duchess Buckingham -1530 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


GrandFather: Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 Great x 3 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandFather: Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 Great x 2 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry Percy 2nd Earl Northumberland 1393-1455 Great x 2 Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 Great x 3 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys 1371-1417 Great Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland 1397-1472 Great Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 3 GrandFather: Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandMother: Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland 1422-1480 Great x 6 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Poynings 1400-1429 Great x 5 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Poynings 5th Baron Poynings 1382-1446 Great x 9 Grandson of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Grey Baroness Poynings 1393- Great x 4 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Berkeley Countess Arundel 1382-1455 Great x 5 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Berkeley 1352-1428 Great x 4 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Bettershorne


GrandMother: Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 Great x 9 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great GrandFather: William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469


Great x 2 GrandFather: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445


Great x 2 GrandMother: Gwladys ferch Dafydd Gam "Star of Abergavenny" Brecon


Great x 3 GrandFather: Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415


Great GrandMother: Anne Devereux 1430-1486 Great x 8 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 2 GrandFather: Walter Devereux 1387-1459 Great x 7 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: Walter Devereux 1361-1402


Great x 3 GrandMother: Agnes Crophull 1371-1436 Great x 6 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Merbury