Hover the mouse over the coloured text for more information, click to go to the Pages. Hover over paintings for larger versions. Click on the Arms to go to the Heraldry pages. Click on Home in the Menu above to go to today's On This Day in History page.

Biography of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

1137 Coronation of Eleanor of Aquitaine as Queen Consort Franks

1152 Marriage of Henry I and Eleanor of Aquitaine

1153 Henry II Sails to England

1153 Henry II Relieves Wallingford Castle

1153 Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster

1153 Henry II visits his mother in Rouen

1154 Henry Holds Easter at Rouen

1154 Death of King Stephen

1154 Henry II Leaves Barfleur

1154 Coronation of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine

1156 Henry II pays homage to Louis VII

1156 Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine Reunited

1156 Henry II travels to Normandy

1161 Henry II and Louis II make Peace

1162 Thomas Becket appointed Archbishop Canterbury

1164 Trial of Thomas a Becket

1164 Becket's Relatives Banished

1164 Constitutions of Clarendon

1165 Henry II meets Rosamund Clifford

1166 Birth of King John

1170 Murder of Thomas a Becket

1174 Treaty of Falaise

1189 Death of Henry II

1199 Death of Richard I

1204 Death of Eleanor of Aquitaine

1216 Death of King John

1538 Thomas Becket Shrine destroyed


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

On 07 Jan 1114 Henry Salian 1081-1125 (32) and Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (11) were married.

After 10 Jun 1128 Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 and Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 were married.

On 05 Mar 1133 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was born to Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 (19) and Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (31) at Le Mans.

On 25 Jul 1137 Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (17) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (15) were married.

Coronation of Eleanor of Aquitaine as Queen Consort Franks

On 25 Dec 1137 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (15) was crowned Queen Consort Franks.

On 13 Nov 1143 Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 (30) was appointed Count Anjou.

On 07 Sep 1151 Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 (38) died at Château-du-Loir. He was buried at St Julien's Cathedral.

Around 1152 Geoffrey Plantagenet Archbishop York 1152-1212 was born illegitimately to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (18) and Ykenai Unknown.

Marriage of Henry I and Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 18 May 1152 Whit Sunday Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (30) were married (he was her Half Third-Cousin) at Poitiers Cathedral, Poitiers. They were more closely related than Eleanor and her previous husband Louis. The marriage brought the Kingdom of England, the Duchies of Normandy and Aquitaine under the control of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19); once conquered.

Around 05 Jun 1152 Eleanor of Aquitaine (30) visited Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon where she met Abbess Matilda (41) (her husband's Henry's (19) 's aunt by marriage - Abbess Matilda (41) had married William Adelin brother of his mother Empress Matilda (50) who had died in the White Ship Disaster).

Henry II visits his mother in Rouen

Before Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 visited his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 in Rouen to seek funds for his impending invasion of England.

Henry II Sails to England

In Jan 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (19) sailed from Barfleur, Basse Normandie to England, arriving the next day, with a fleet of twenty-six ships, and an army, to bring Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) submit to Henry's authority.

Henry II Relieves Wallingford Castle

In Jul 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) arrived at Wallingford Castle to relieve the siege that Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) had commenced in 1152.

Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster

Around Aug 1153 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) and Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59) agreed the Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster by which Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) would inherit the throne on the death of Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (59).The Treaty was ratified by Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (63) at Westminster in Christmas 1153.

On 17 Aug 1153 William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (31) at Poitiers.

Henry Holds Easter at Rouen

Around Mar 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (20) returned to Rouen and met with his mother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (52), and his brothers. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) joined them to celebrate Easter with their first son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 who met his father for the first time aged around eight months.

Death of King Stephen

On 25 Oct 1154 Stephen I King England 1094-1154 (60) died at Priory of St Martin, Dover. His First-Cousin Once-Removed Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin. His Son Eustace Blois IV Count Boulogne 1130-1153 succeeded IV Count Boulogne.

Henry II Leaves Barfleur

On 07 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21), the seven months pregnant Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) and their son William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 (1) left Barfleur, Basse Normandie for England. On 08 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) and his party landed near Southampton.

Coronation of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 19 Dec 1154 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (32) was crowned Queen Consort England. Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (64) presided.

On 28 Feb 1155 Henry the Young King 1155-1183 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (21) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (33) at Bermondsey, Southwark.

In Jul 1155 Roger Fitzmiles 2nd Earl Hereford 1124-1155 (30) and Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) were in Bridgnorth.

In Aug 1155 Roger Fitzmiles 2nd Earl Hereford 1124-1155 (30) and Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) were in Salisbury.

In 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) besieged Chinon Castle, Chinon.

On 06 Jan 1156 Matilda Plantagenet Duchess Saxony 1156-1189 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) at Windsor Castle (probably) and named after her paternal grandmother Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (53).

Henry II travels to Normandy

On 10 Jan 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) crossed from Dover to Wissant. Richard "The Loyal" Lucy 1089-1179 (67) was appointed Regent in Henry's absence. Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) was placed in the care of Theobald of Bec Archbishop Canterbury 1090-1161 (66) and John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres 1118-1180 (38). Her party included her sister Petronilla Poitiers 1125-1193 (31).

Henry II pays homage to Louis VII

On 05 Feb 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (22) paid homage to Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (36) for his lands in Normandy, Anjou and Aquitaine.

In Apr 1156 William Plantagenet IX Count Poitiers 1153-1156 (2) died at Wallingford Castle. He was buried at Reading Abbey, Reading at the feet of his great-grandfather King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine Reunited

Before 29 Aug 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 were reunited in Saumur.

In Dec 1156 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (23) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (34) held Christmas in Bordeaux.

Around 30 May 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (35) spent Whitsun at Bury St Edmunds for a ceremonial crown wearing.

On 08 Sep 1157 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (35) at Beaumont Palace, Oxford.

In Dec 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (35) held Christmas Court at Lincoln.

In Dec 1157 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (35) held Christmas Court at Cherbourg.

On 26 Jul 1158 Geoffrey Plantagenet Count Nantes 1134-1158 (24) died at Nantes.

On 23 Sep 1158 Geoffrey Plantagenet 2nd Duke Brittany 1158-1186 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (25) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (36).

On 02 Nov 1160 Henry the Young King 1155-1183 (5) and Margaret Capet 1157-1197 (3) were betrothed.

Henry II and Louis II make Peace

In Oct 1161 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (28) and Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (41) met at Fréteval and made peace.

On 13 Oct 1161 Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (28) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (39) at Domfront Castle, Domfront named Eleanor after her mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (39). She was baptised by Cardinal Henry of Pisa with Robert of Torigni as godfather.

Thomas Becket appointed Archbishop Canterbury

On 23 May 1162 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (42) was elected Archibishop Canterbury by Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (29).

In 1164 Henry Blois I Count Champagne 1127-1181 (36) and Marie Capet Count Champagne 1145-1198 (19) were married. Marie Capet Count Champagne 1145-1198 (19) by marriage Count Champagne.

Constitutions of Clarendon

On 25 Jan 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (30) attempted to constrain ecclesiastical privileges by the sixteen articles of the Constitutions of Clarendon. Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (44) rejected the articles.

On 30 Jan 1164 William Plantagenet 1136-1164 (27) died at Notre Dame de Paris Cathedral said to have been of a broken heart since he was unable to marry Isabella Warenne Count Boulogne, 4th Countess Surrey 1137-1203 (27) as a result of Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (44) refusing to grant the necessary dispensation.

Trial of Thomas a Becket

In Oct 1164 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (44) was put on trial in Northampton by Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (31) on a charge of contempt. After a week of discussion Becket fled to Flanders with John of Salisbury Bishop Chartres 1118-1180 (46).

In Dec 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (31) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (42) held Christmas Court at Marlborough.

Becket's Relatives Banished

In 26 Dec 1164 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (31) banished all of Thomas Becket's (45) relatives from England.Around 400 people were affected.They were stripped of their possessions and shipped to Flanders.

1165. Letter IV. Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 to Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170. 1165. Letter IV. Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (62) to Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (45).
To Thomas archbishop of Canterbury, Matilda the empress.
My lord pope sent to me, enjoining me, for the remission of my sins, to interfere to renew peace and concord between you and the king, my son (31), and to try to reconcile you to him. You, as you well know, have asked the same thing from me; wherefore, with the more good-will, for the honour of God and the Holy Church, I have begun and carefully treated of that affair. But it seems a very hard thing to the king, as well as to his barons and council, seeing he so loved and honoured you, and appointed you lord of his whole kingdom and of all his lands, and raised you to the highest honours in the land, believing he might trust you rather than any other; and especially so, because he declares that you have, as far as you could, roused his whole kingdom against him; nor was it your fault that you did not disinherit him by main force. Therefore I send you my faithful servant, Archdeacon Laurence, that by him I may know your will in these affairs, and what sort of disposition you entertain towards my son, and how you intend to conduct yourself, if it should happen that he fully grants my petition and prayer on your behalf. One thing I plainly tell you, that you cannot recover the king's favour, except by great humility and most evident moderation. However, what you intend to do in this matter signify to me by my messenger and your letters.

Between 1165 and 1173 Orford Castle, Orford was constructed on behalf of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (31)."One of the most remarkable keeps in England", is of a unique design possibly based on Byzantine architecture.

Henry II meets Rosamund Clifford

Around Aug 1165 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (32) commenced his affair with Rosamund Clifford 1136-1176 (29) who he may have first met when staying at her father Walter Clifford's (52) house in Bredelais (assumed to be in Herefordshire).

On Oct 1165 Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Sicily 1165-1199 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (32) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (43) at Chateau de Angers, Angers.

On 16 Mar 1166 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (33) travelled from St Andrew's Church, Owlesbury to Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie.

Birth of King John

On 24 Dec 1166 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 was born to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (33) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (44). He was given the nickname "Sans Terre", wihout land, or in English "Lackland" as a consequence of his being the youngest son.

On 10 Sep 1167 Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 (65) died. She was buried under the high alter at Bec Abbey during a service performed by Rotrou Newburgh Archbishop Rouen -1183. Her tomb's epitaph reads 'Great by birth, greater by marriage, greatest in her offspring: here lies Matilda, the daughter, wife, and mother of Henry'.

1168. Letter V. Marie Blois I Count Boulogne 1136-1182 to Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180. 1168. Letter V. Marie Blois I Count Boulogne 1136-1182 (32) to Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180 (48).
Let it be known to your highness that Henry, king of England (34) has sent his ambassadors to the emperor. It is certain that he has for the most part, succeeded in obtaining what he wished; for the emperor shews himself kindly disposed to the king, and his (the king's) ambassadors being on their return, he has not hesitated to send his own with them to him, which he thought the best course, lest the aforesaid king should doubt whether he was sincere in his assistance against you. The returning ambassadors passed through my territories, and I spoke with them, and well I perceived from their words that the English king ceases not, day nor night, to devise mischief against you. Wherefore I thought it fitting to send to your grace, and to give you the necessary forewarning, that you may take counsel with your wise men, and act as is most fitting, lest the impetuous presumption of the fraudulent king should inflict violent injury upon you. Fare you well.

On 01 Feb 1168 Henry "Lion" Welf XII Duke Saxony, III Duke Bavaria 1129-1195 (39) and Matilda Plantagenet Duchess Saxony 1156-1189 (12) were married. Matilda Tuscany Duchess Bavaria, Duchess Saxony by marriage Duchess Bavaria, Duke Saxony.

In Jan 1169 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (11) and Alys Capet Count Ponthieu 1160-1220 (8) were engaged to be married as part of a peace treaty. Alys Capet Count Ponthieu 1160-1220 (8) was sent to England to be a ward of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (35).

Before 1170 Geoffrey Plantagenet Archbishop York 1152-1212 was appointed Archdeacon Lincoln.

Murder of Thomas a Becket

On 29 Dec 1170 Thomas Becket Archbishop Canterbury 1119-1170 (51) was murdered at Canterbury Cathedral by four knights on behalf of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (37).

In 1173 Geoffrey Plantagenet Archbishop York 1152-1212 (21) was appointed Bishop Lincoln.

In 1174 Dafydd ab Owain Aberffraw Prince Gwynedd 1145-1203 (29) and Emma Plantagenet were married.

Treaty of Falaise

In Dec 1174 William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214 (31), imprisoned at Falaise Castle, Falaise, Calvados, Basse Normandie, signed the Treaty of Falaise by which he agreed Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (41) was overlord of Scotland.

Around 1176 William "Longsword" Longespee 3rd Earl Salisbury 1176-1226 was born illegitimately to Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (42) and Ida Tosny Countess Norfolk 1156-1226 (20).

In 1177 Cardinal Peter of Saint Chrysogonus, on behalf of the Pope, threatened to place England's continental possessions under an interdict if Henry did not proceed with the marriage. Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (19) was somewhat reluctant given the rumours that Alys Capet Count Ponthieu 1160-1220 (16) had become the mistress of his father Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (43) and, possibly, had a child by him.

Before 17 Sep 1177 Alfonso VIII King Castile 1155-1214 and Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 were married. Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 by marriage Queen Consort Castile.

On 11 May 1183 Walter de Coutances -1207 was elected Bishop Lincoln being selected by Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (50) over three other candidates.

On 11 Jun 1183 Henry the Young King 1155-1183 (28) died at Castle of Martel clasping a ring his father had sent as a token of forgiveness. He was buried at Rouen Cathedral, Rouen.

On 19 Aug 1186 Geoffrey Plantagenet 2nd Duke Brittany 1158-1186 (27) died at Paris.

On 28 Jun 1189 Matilda Plantagenet Duchess Saxony 1156-1189 (33) died at Brunswick. He was buried at Brunswick Cathedral, Brunswick.

Death of Henry II

On 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 (56) died at Chinon Castle, Chinon. Geoffrey Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex, Count Aumale -1189 was present. He was buried at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon. His heart was buried at Rouen Cathedral, Rouen. His Son Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (31) succeeded I King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

After 06 Jul 1189 Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was buried at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon.

In 1197 Alix Capet Count Blois 1150-1197 (46) died.

On 11 Mar 1198 Marie Capet Count Champagne 1145-1198 (53) died.

Death of Richard I

On 06 Apr 1199 Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (41) was besieging Châlus-Chabrol Castle, Domfront.During the course of the evening Richard "Lionheart" I King England 1157-1199 (41) was shot by a crossbow.The wound quickly became gangrenous; Richard died in the arms of his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (77). John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (32) succeeded I King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

On 04 Sep 1199 Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Sicily 1165-1199 (33) died at Rouen. He was buried at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon.

On 07 May 1202 Hamelin Warenne 4th Earl Surrey 1129-1202 (73) died. His Son William Warenne 5th Earl Surrey -1240 succeeded 5th Earl Surrey (1C 1088). Maud Marshal Countess Norfolk, Countess Surrey 1194-1248 (8) by marriage Countess Surrey (1C 1088).

Death of Eleanor of Aquitaine

On 01 Apr 1204 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks Queen Consort England 1122-1204 (82) died at Fontevraud Abbey, Chinon. .

On 12 Dec 1212 Geoffrey Plantagenet Archbishop York 1152-1212 (60) died at Normandy. He was buried at Notre Dame du Parc, Rouen.

On 31 Oct 1214 Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Consort Castile 1161-1214 (53) died at Burgos. He was buried at Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas.

Death of King John

On 19 Oct 1216 John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 (49) died at Newark Castle. His Son Henry III King England 1207-1272 (9) succeeded III King England: Plantagenet Angevin.
John Monmouth 1182-1248 (34) was present.
On his deathbed, John appointed a council of thirteen executors to help Henry reclaim the kingdom and requested that his son be placed into the guardianship of William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (70).
King John’s will is the earliest English royal will to survive in its original form. The document is quite small, roughly the size of a postcard and the seals of those who were present at the time would have been attached to it.Translation of the will taken from an article by ProFessor S.D. Church in the English Historical Review, June 2010:
I, John, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, count of Anjou, hindered by grave infirmity and not being able at this time of my infirmity to itemize all my things so that I may make a testament, commit the arbitration and administration of my testament to the trust and to the legitimate administration of my faithful men whose names are written below, without whose counsel, even in good health, I would have by no means arranged my testament in their presence, so that what they will faithfully arrange and detErmine concerning my things as much as in making satisfaction to God and to holy Church for damages and injuries done to them as in sending succour to the land of Jerusalem and in providing support to my sons towards obtaining and defending their inheritance and in making reward to those who have served us faithfully and in making distribution to the poor and to religious houses for the salvation of my soul, be right and sure. I ask, furthermore, that whoever shall give them counsel and assistance in the arranging of my testament shall receive the grace and favour of God. Whoever shall infringe their arrangement and disposition, may he incur the curse and indignation of almighty God and the blessed Mary and all the saints.
In the first place, therefore, I desire that my body be buried in the church of St Mary and St Wulfstan at Worcester. I appoint, moreover, the following arbiters and administrators: the lord Guala, by the grace of God, cardinal-priest of the title of St Martin and legate of the apostolic see; the lord Peter bishop of Winchester; the lord Richard bishop of Chichester; the lord Silvester bishop of Worcester; Brother Aimery de St-Maur; William Marshal earl of Pembroke; Ranulf earl of Chester; William earl Ferrers; William Brewer; Walter de Lacy and John of Monmouth; Savaric de Mauléon; Falkes de Bréauté”.
The signatories were:
Guala Bicchieri (ca 1150 – 1227) Papal Legate
Peter des Roches (? – 1238), Bishop of Winchester
Richard le Poer (? – 1237), Bishop of Chichester
Sylvester of Worcester (? ����� 1218), Bishop of Worcester
Aimery de St-Maur (? - ?1219), Master of the English Templars
William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke 1146-1219 (70)
Ranulf de Blondeville Gernon 6th Earl Chester, 1st Earl Lincoln 1170-1232 (46)
William Ferrers 4th Earl Derby 1168-1247 (48)
William Brewer (? - 1226), 1st Baron Brewer
Walter de Lacy (ca 1172–1241) Lord of Meath
John: (1182 – 1248) Lord of Monmouth
Savaric de Mauléon (? – 1236) Seneschal of Poitou from 1205
Falkes de Bréauté (? – 1226) Seneschal of Cardiff Castle.

South Aisle, Salisbury Cathedral. On 07 Mar 1226 William "Longsword" Longespee 3rd Earl Salisbury 1176-1226 (50) was fatally poisoned by Hubert Burgh Count Mortain, 1st Earl Kent 1170-1243 (56) at Salisbury Castle, Salisbury.

On 27 May 1240 William Warenne 5th Earl Surrey -1240 died. His Son John Warenne 6th Earl Surrey 1231-1304 (9) succeeded 6th Earl Surrey (1C 1088).

Thomas Becket Shrine destroyed

On 16 Nov 1538 Henry VIII (47)Thomas of Becket's reputation, removing his canonisation at the same time.
Henry enacted legislation as follows:
ITEM, for as moche as it appereth now clerely, that Thomas Becket, sometyme Archbyshop of Canterburie, stubburnly to withstand the holsome lawes establyshed agaynste the enormities of the clergie, by the kynges highness mooste noble progenitour, kynge HENRY the Seconde, for the common welthe, reste, and tranquillitie of this realme, of his frowarde mynde fledde the realme into Fraunce, and to the bishop of Rome, mayntenour of those enormities, to procure the abrogation of the sayd lawes, whereby arose moch trouble in this said realme, and that his dethe, which they untruely called martyrdome, happened upon a reskewe by him made, and that, as it is written, he gave opprobrious wordes to the gentyllmen, whiche than counsayled hym to leave his stubbernesse, and to avoyde the commocion of the people, rysen up for that rescue. And he not only callyd the one of them bawde, but also toke Tracy by the bosome, and violently shoke and plucked hym in suche maner, that he had almoste overthrowen hym to the pavement of the Churche; so that upon this fray one of their company, perceivynge the same, strake hym, and so in the thronge Becket was slayne. And further that his canonization was made onely by the bysshop of Rome, bycause he had ben a champion of maynteyne his usurped auctoritie, and a bearer of the iniquitie of the clergie, for these and for other great and urgent causes, longe to recyte, the Kynge’s Maiestie, by the advyse of his counsayle, hath thought expedient to declare to his lovynge subjectes, that notwithstandynge the sayde canonization, there appereth nothynge in his lyfe and exteriour conversation, wherby he shuld be callyd a sainct, but rather estemed to have ben a rebell and traytour to his prynce. Therefore his Grace strayghtly chargeth and commandeth that from henseforth the sayde Thomas Becket shall not be estemed, named, reputed, nor called a sayncte, but bysshop Becket; and that his ymages and pictures, through the hole realme, shall be putte downe, and avoyded out of all churches, chapelles, and other places; and that from henseforthe, the dayes used to be festivall in his name shall not be observed, nor the service, office, antiphoners, colletes, and prayers, in his name redde, but rased and put out of all the bokes.”.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (39). Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (44).

1540 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (43).Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (48).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist.Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 was created as Duke Normandy.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 9 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings England: Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Kings Scotland: Great Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine, I King Franks 778-840

Kings France: Great x 3 Grand Son of Robert "Pious" II King France 972-1031

Ancestry

Father: Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy 1113-1151 Plantagenet Arms

GrandFather: Fulk "Young" King Jerusalem 1089-1143

Great GrandFather: Fulk "Réchin" Anjou 4th Count Anjou 1043-1109

Great x 2 GrandFather: Geoffrey "Ferréol" Anjou 2nd Count Gâtinais -1043

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh de Perche Count Gâtinais 989-1046

Great x 4 GrandFather: Fulcuich Count Mortagne-au-Perche 965-1031

Great x 4 GrandMother: Melisende Viscountess Châteaudun 974-1035

Great x 3 GrandMother: Béatrice de Mâcon Countess Gâtinais -1040

Great x 4 GrandFather: Albéric II Count Mâcon 953-982

Great x 2 GrandMother: Ermengarde-Blanche Ingelger Queen Consort Jerusalem 1018-1076

Great x 3 GrandFather: Fulk "Black" Ingelger III Count Anjou 970-1040

Great x 4 GrandFather: Geoffrey "Greygown" Ingelger 1st Count Anjou 939-987

Great x 4 GrandMother: Adele Vermandois Count Anjou 934-982

Great x 3 GrandMother: Hildegarde Sundgau Count Anjou

Great GrandMother: Bertrade Montfort Queen Consort France

Great x 2 GrandFather: Simon Montfort 1025-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Aumary Reginarids -1052

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Reginarids 960-

Great x 3 GrandMother: Bertrade Unknown

Great x 2 GrandMother: Agnes Normandy

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Normandy 2nd Count Évreux 1015-1067

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Normandy Archbishop Rouen 988-1037

Great x 4 GrandMother: Herleva Unknown Count Évreux

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide or Godehildis Ramon

Great x 4 GrandFather: Ramon Borrell Count of Barcelona 972-1017

Great x 4 GrandMother: Ermesinde of Carcassonne 975-1058

GrandMother: Ermengarde La Flèche-De Baugency Count Anjou

Great GrandFather: Elias La Flèche-De Baugency I Count Maine -1110

Great x 2 GrandFather: Jean de la Flèche La Flèche-De Baugency

Great x 2 GrandMother: Paula Maine

Great x 3 GrandFather: Herbert "Wakedog" Maine I Count Maine 984-1035

Great x 4 GrandFather: Hugh Maine III Count Maine 960-1015

Great x 4 GrandMother: Unamed Penthièvre Count Maine

Great GrandMother: Matilda Chateau-Du-Loir Count Maine

Great x 2 GrandFather: Gervais II Lord Chateau-Du-Loir

Mother: Empress Matilda Duchess Normandy 1102-1167 Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

GrandFather: King Henry I "Beauclerc" England Son of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great GrandFather: William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087 -2 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert "Magnificent" Normandy I Duke Normandy 1000-1035

Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard "Good" Normandy II Duke Normandy 963-1026

Great x 4 GrandFather: Richard "Fearless" Normandy I Duke Normandy 932-996

Great x 4 GrandMother: Gunnora Unknown Count Ponthieu

Great x 3 GrandMother: Judith Penthièvre Duchess Normandy 982-1017

Great x 4 GrandFather: Conan "Crooked" Penthièvre III Duke Brittany -992

Great x 4 GrandMother: Ermengarde-Gerberga Ingelger Duchess Brittany 956-1024

Great x 2 GrandMother: Herleva Falaise

Great x 3 GrandFather: Father of Beatrix and Herleva

Great GrandMother: Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England 1031-1083

Great x 2 GrandFather: Baldwin "The Good" Flanders V Count Flanders 1012-1067

Great x 3 GrandFather: Baldwin "Bearded" Flanders IV Count Flanders 980-1035

Great x 4 GrandFather: Arnulf Flanders II Count Flanders 960-987

Great x 4 GrandMother: Rozala Lombardy Count Flanders 955-1003

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ogive Luxembourg-Ardennes Count Flanders -1036

Great x 4 GrandFather: Frederick Luxembourg-Ardennes 965-1019

Great x 4 GrandMother: Ermentrude Gleiburg

Great x 2 GrandMother: Adela Capet Duchess Normandy 1009-1079 Capet Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert "Pious" II King France 972-1031 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Hugh I King France 941-996 Capet Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Adelaide Poitiers 945-1004

Great x 3 GrandMother: Constance Arles Queen Consort France 986-1034

Great x 4 GrandFather: William "Liberator" Arles 1st Count Provence, 1st Count Arles 950-993

Great x 4 GrandMother: Adelaide-Blanche Ingelger Queen Consort West Francia 940-1026

GrandMother: Edith aka Matilda Dunkeld Queen Consort England 1080-1118 Dunkeld Arms

Great GrandFather: Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093 Dunkeld Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Duncan "The Sick" I King Scotland 1001-1040 Dunkeld Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Bethóc Unknown Queen Consort Scotland

Great GrandMother: Margaret Wessex Queen Consort Scotland 1045-1093

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward "The Exile" Wessex 1016-1057

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund "Ironside" I King England 1015-1016

Great x 4 GrandFather: Aethelred "Unready" II King England 966-1016

Great x 4 GrandMother: Aelfgifu Northumbria Queen Consort England

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ealdgyth Unknown

Great x 2 GrandMother: Agatha Unknown