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Biography of Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475

CONTENT

1460 Battle of Wakefield

1461 Battle of Towton

1461 Second Battle of St Albans

1467 Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

1471 Battle of Barnet


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

On 27 Jun 1430 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 was born to John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (35) and Anne Stafford Duchess Exeter -1432

On 20 Sep 1432 Anne Stafford Duchess Exeter -1432 died .

Before 30 Jul 1447 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (17) and Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (7) were married (he was her half second-cousin)

On 05 Aug 1447 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (52) died at Stepney, Middlesex . He was buried at the Church of St Katharine's by the Tower, Tower Hill, City of London . His son Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (17) succeeded as 3rd Duke Exeter (1C 1397) , 3rd Earl Huntingdon (4C 1388) . Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (7) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397) .

In 1455 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (24) was imprisoned at Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Oxfordshire

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle, Wakefield, Yorkshire . The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) , and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne 1430-1463 (30) , both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) , John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25) , John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (50) , Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20) .
The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.
Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (49) was killed . His son Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) succeeded as 4th Duke York (1C 1385) , 9th Earl Ulster , 3rd Earl Cambridge (3C 1414) .
Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (29) , Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60) , William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed .Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460 . William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed . Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.
Following the battle Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed by John "Butcher" Clifford (25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

In 1461 Anne Holland 1461-1474 was born to Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (21) .

Second Battle of St Albans

On 18 Feb 1461 the Lancastrian army defeated the Yorkist army at Second Battle of St Albans and rescued Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (39) .The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) and included Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) , John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (26) and Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) . Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33) , William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) were knighted.
The Yorkist army included Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (33) , William Fitzalan 16th Earl Arundel 1417-1487 (43) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) and Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) . John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (30) was captured. Robert Poynings 1419-1461 (42) and James Luttrell Baron Dunster 1427-1461 (34) were killed .
John Grey 1432-1461 (29) was killed fighting for Lancaster.A death that was to have far reaching consequences; his widow Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (24) subsequently married Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) .
During the battle William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 and Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) were assigned to the protection of the King Henry VI (39) . After the battle both were beheaded against all decent laws of battle.
William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville 1392-1461 . Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset 1460-1529 succeeded as 7th Baron Harington , 2nd Baron Bonville
Thomas Kyriell 1396-1461 (65) was beheaded .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Battle of Towton

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses.Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.
The Yorkist army was commanded by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke Norfolk 1415-1461 (45) , Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30) , William Neville 1st Earl Kent 1405-1463 (56) , William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy 1416-1474 (45) , Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu, 1st Earl Essex 1404-1483 (57) , John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) .
The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy 1426-1461 (35) , Ralph Bigod 1410-1461 (50) , John Bigod -1461 , Robert Cromwell 1390-1461 (71) , Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1412-1461 (49) , Ralph Eure 1412-1461 (49) , John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (51) , John Beaumont 1428-1461 (33) , Thomas Dethick 1400-1461 (61) , Everard Simon Digby -1461 , William Plumpton -1461 and William Welles 1410-1461 (51) who were killed .
Henry Percy 3rd Earl Northumberland 1421-1461 (39) was killed . His son Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 (12) succeeded as 4th Earl Northumberland (1C 1377) . Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland 1458-1485 (3) by marriage Countess Northumberland (1C 1377) .
Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles 1406-1461 (55) was killed . His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) succeeded as 7th Baron Welles .
Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme 1415-1464 (46) , John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (60) , William Norreys 1441-1507 (20) , Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) , Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1431-1464 (30) , John Talbot 3rd Earl Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl Waterford 1448-1473 (12) , Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby Eresby, 7th Baron Welles 1428-1470 (33) , Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 (56) , James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) , John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde 1422-1476 (39) , William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (22) and Thomas Tresham 1420-1471 (41) . Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (41) were captured.
On 03 Apr 1461 Thomas Courtenay 14th Earl Devon 1432-1461 (29) was beheaded at York, Yorkshire . His brother John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (26) succeeded as 15th Earl Devon (2C Courtenay) . Laura Bourchier Countess Devon 1440- by marriage as Earl Devon (2C Courtenay) .
Robert Dethick 1375-1461 (86) was killed .
John Heron of Ford Castle Northumberland 1416-1461 (45) was killed .
Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey Richemont 1418-1461 (43) was executed

Around 1574 George Gower 1540-1596 (34) . Portrait of Charles Somerset 1587-1665 (-13) . Armorial top left quarterly 1&4 with a yellow band top and bottom 2 Unknown Arms 3 his great x 4 grandfather Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers 1405-1469 .

Tournament Bastard of Burgundy

On 16 Jun 1467 a great banquet was hosted by the King's older sister Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (27) and, in the absence of her husband Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (36) who remained, her future husband Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (27) . Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (30) attended as did Antoine "Bastard of Burgundy" 1421-1504 (46) .

Battle of Barnet

On 14 Apr 1471 Edward IV (28) commanded at the Battle of Barnet supported by hos brothers George (21) and Richard (18) , John Babington 1423-1485 (48) , Wiliam Hastings (40) (commanded), Ralph Hastings -1495 , William Norreys 1441-1507 (30) , William Parr KG 1434-1483 (37) , John Savage 1422-1495 (49) , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (31) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (45) , Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh 1431-1496 (40) and Thomas Strickland -1494 .
The Yorkists William Blount -1471 , Humphrey Bourchier 1431-1471 (40) , Humphrey Bourchier 1435-1471 (36) and Thomas Parr -1471 were killed . Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) was killed making his wife Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (27) a widow for the second time.
The Lancastrians Warwick the Kingmaker (43) , John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (40) and William Tyrrell -1471 were killed .
William Fiennes 2nd Baron Saye and Sele 1428-1471 (43) was killed . His son Henry Fiennes 3rd Baron Saye and Sele 1446-1476 (25) succeeded as 3rd Baron Saye and Sele . Anne Harcourt Baroness Saye and Sele by marriage Baroness Saye and Sele .
Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (40) commanded the left flank, was badly wounded and left for dead, Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (46) and John Paston 1444-1504 (27) were wounded, John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (28) commanded, and John Paston 1442-1479 (29) and William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (33) fought..
Robert Harleston 1435-1471 (36) was killed .
Thomas Hen Salusbury 1409-1471 (62) was killed .

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck 1499-1525 (10) . Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire .Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40) . Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window.She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets . On 29 Mar 2019 , St John's College, Cambridge , which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

In Sep 1475 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (45) drowned on his return from France having probably been thrown over-board on the orders of Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (33) .

On 14 Jan 1476 Anne St Leger Baroness Ros Helmsley 1476-1526 was born to Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (36) and Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (36) . Her mother (36) died in childbirth . She (36) was buried at St Leger Chantry, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire .

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Holland

Maternal Family Tree: Aoife NI Diarmait Macmurrough Countess Pembroke Countess Buckingham 1145-1188

Descendants Family Trees:

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Edward III King England 1312-1377

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 8 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 14 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 9 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 2 Grand Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377

Kings Scotland: Great x 9 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 4 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

Ancestry

Father: John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 Great Grandson of Edward III King England 1312-1377


GrandFather: John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandFather: Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert Holland 1st Baron Holand 1283-1328


Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert de Holand of Upholland


Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Zouche Baroness Holand Great x 3 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby 1267-1314 Great x 2 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Segrave


Great GrandMother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Plantagenet Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Blois 1279-1318 Great x 3 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 Great x 3 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 Great x 2 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Fiennes Baroness Wake Liddell -1309 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


GrandMother: Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandFather: John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son of Edward II King England 1284-1327


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154


Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great GrandMother: Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster 1310-1361 Great Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322


Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabel Beaumont Duchess Lancaster 1320-1361 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Beaumont 4th Earl Buchan 1279-1340 Great x 3 Grandson of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Comyn Baroness Beaumont Great x 7 Granddaughter of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Mother: Anne Stafford Duchess Exeter -1432 Great Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


GrandFather: Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 Great x 3 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandFather: Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 Great x 2 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 Great x 7 Grandson of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford 1272-1308


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Basset 1280-1337 Great x 6 Granddaughter of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349 Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 Great x 3 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester -1342 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandMother: Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford 1334- Great x 5 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 Great x 6 Grandson of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 3 GrandFather: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315


Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Tosny Countess Warwick 1284-1325 Great x 5 Granddaughter of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick 1314-1369 Great x 4 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 Great x 3 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 Great x 7 Granddaughter of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


GrandMother: Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Count Eu, Countess Stafford 1383-1438 Granddaughter of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great GrandFather: Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 Son of Edward III King England 1312-1377


Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward III King England 1312-1377 Son of Edward II King England 1284-1327


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edward II King England 1284-1327 Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 Great x 5 Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154


Great x 3 GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 Great x 4 Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great GrandMother: Eleanor Bohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess Gloucester 1366-1399 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford, 6th Earl Essex, 2nd Earl Northampton 1341-1373 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Countess Northampton 1347-1419 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 Great x 5 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272