Biography of Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524
On 03 Nov 1465 Katherine Moleyns -1465 died
On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray (5) were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed) at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster .She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 died in 1476. The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth (11) , Mary (10) and Cecily (8) .The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (35) was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (52) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (53) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.
06 Jul 1483
Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30)
King England: Plantagenet York
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65)
Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27)
Queen Consort England
Coronation of Richard III
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed as Lord High Steward . William Brandon 1425-1491 (58) , Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33) , Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) , Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50) , Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46) , Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39) , Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed as Knight of the Bath .
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III . History doesn't record her reason.
22 Aug 1485
Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32)
Battle of Bosworth
. His second-cousin once-removed
Henry Tudor (28)
King England and Ireland: Tudor
Those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43)
Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35)
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (20)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50)
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53)
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47)
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34)
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50)
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52)
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38)
William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed
James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed . His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded as 13th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 14th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) . Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (40) by marriage Baroness Mowbray (1C 1283) , Baron Segrave (1C 1295) .
John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486 ,
William Norreys 1441-1507 (44) , Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33) , John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 commanded,
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.
Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47)
John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74)
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59)
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28)
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48)
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26)
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50)
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68)
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29)
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23)
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17)
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485 (62) , William Alington 1420-1485 (65) , Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43) , Robert Brackenbury -1485 , Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 (73) were killed .
28 Apr 1489
Henry Percy 4th Earl Northumberland 1449-1489 (40)
by the rebels when attempting to collect the tax. On
28 Apr 1489
Henry Percy 5th Earl Northumberland 1478-1527 (11)
Earl Northumberland (1C 1377)
The King then sent an army of 8000 north led by Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (46) .The rebels dispersed; their leader John à Chambre was hanged for treason. The rebels then chose John Percy 1459- as their leader. His leadership proved less than reliable; he eventually fled to the court of Margaret Duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 (42) (sister of Edward IV and Richard III) who remained sympathetic to the Yorkist cause.
On 17 Aug 1497 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (54) and Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 (20) were married . Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 (20) by marriage Countess Surrey (3C 1483) .
On 23 Apr 1502 Prince Arthur's funeral was held at St Laurence's Church, Ludlow, Shropshire presided over by William Smyth Bishop Lincoln 1460-1514 (42) . George Grey 2nd Earl Kent 1454-1505 (48) , George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (34) , Richard Grey 3rd Earl Kent 1481-1524 (21) , John Grey 2nd Baron Grey Powis 1485-1504 (17) and Richard Pole 1462-1504 (40) attended. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (59) was Chief Mourner. Edward Howard 1476-1513 (26) and Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (19) carried The Canopy.
On 08 Aug 1503 James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (30) and Margaret Tudor (13) were married (he was her third-cousin) at Holyrood Abbey, Holyrood. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (60) and James Hamilton 1st Earl Arran 1475-1529 (28) were present.
Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII Volume 1 1509-1514
Henry VII (52)
At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.
Desires to be buried at Westminster , where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France , and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.
His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated _ (blank) day of _ (blank) in the _ (blank) year of his reign.
His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59) , Richard bp of Winchester (61) , the bps of London and Rochester (39) , Thomas Earl of Surrey (66) , Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41) , Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49) , Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44) , Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (30) , Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59) , Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47) , the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.
His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.
Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.
For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated _ (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.
Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark , and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.
To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17) , and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.
Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.
Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9) , as contracted at Richmond _ (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17) , his Council and our said executors."
24 Jun 1509
Henry VIII (17)
King England and Ireland: Tudor
. Catherine of Aragon (23)
Queen Consort England
Edward Stafford 3rd Duke Buckingham 1478-1521 (31) , Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 (32) and Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (66) attended. Henry Clifford 1st Earl Cumberland 1493-1542 (16) was knighted. Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (48) attended as the Kings's Champion. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl Sussex 1483-1542 (26) was created Knight of the Bath and served as Lord Sewer.
09 Sep 1513
Battle of Flodden
the English army was commanded by
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (70)
Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40)
Edmund Howard 1478-1539 (35)
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (45)
Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (51)
Marmaduke Constable 1457-1518 (56)
The English army included: Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford 1454-1523 (59) , William Conyers 1st Baron Conyers 1468-1524 (44) , Thomas Berkeley 5th Baron Berkeley 1472-1533 (41) and Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (45) .
Randall Babington -1513 , John Bigod 1475-1513 (38) and Thomas Fitzwilliam 1474-1513 (39) were killed .
Marmaduke Constable 1480-1545 (33) , William Constable 1475-1551 (38) , George Darcy 1st Baron Darcy Aston -1558 , Edmund Walsingham 1480-1550 (33) , Thomas Burgh 7th Baron Cobham Sternborough, 5th Baron Strabolgi, 1st Baron Burgh 1488-1550 (25) and Walter Stonor 1477-1551 were knighted by Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (40) .
Christopher Savage -1513 , Thomas Venables 1469-1513 (44) and Brian Tunstall -1513 were killed .
Bryan Stapleton of Wighill 1458-1513 (55) was killed .(Some reports have him dying in 1518)
The Scottish army suffered heavy casualties.
James IV King Scotland 1473-1513 (40) was killed . His son James V King Scotland 1512-1542 (1) succeeded as V King Scotland: Stewart .
Alexander Stewart Archbishop St Andrews 1493-1513 (20) was killed .
William Keith 3rd Earl Marischal -1513 was killed . His nephew William Keith 4th Earl Marischal 1506-1581 (7) succeeded as 4th Earl Marischal .
David Kennedy 1st Earl Cassilis 1470-1513 (43) was killed . His son Gilbert Kennedy 2nd Earl Cassilis 1494-1527 (18) succeeded as 2nd Earl Cassilis . Isabel Campbell Countess Cassilis by marriage Countess Cassilis .
William Sinclair 2nd Earl Caithness 1459-1513 (54) was killed . His son John Sinclair 3rd Earl Caithness -1529 succeeded as 3rd Earl Caithness .
Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox -1513 was killed . His son John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox 1490-1526 (23) succeeded as 3rd Earl Lennox (2C 1488) .
William Hay 4th Earl Erroll -1513 was killed . His son William Hay 5th Earl Erroll 1495-1522 (18) succeeded as 5th Earl Erroll .
John Douglas 2nd Earl Morton -1513 was killed . His son James Douglas 3rd Earl Morton -1553 succeeded as 3rd Earl Morton , 6th Lord Dalkeith .
Adam Hepburn 2nd Earl Bothwell -1513 was killed . His son Patrick Hepburn 3rd Earl Bothwell 1512-1556 (1) succeeded as 3rd Earl Bothwell .
Alexander Stewart 4th of Garlies 1481-1513 (32) was killed . His son Alexander Stewart 5th of Garlies 1507-1581 (6) succeeded as 5th Master Garlies .
Alexander Elphinstone 1st Lord Elphinstone -1513 was killed . His son Alexander Elphinstone 2nd Lord Elphinstone 1510-1547 (3) succeeded as 2nd Lord Elphinstone .
Thomas Hay -1513 , George Hepburn Bishop Isles 1454-1513 , Adam Hepburn Master 1457-1513 , Thomas "Younger of Cushnie" Lumsden -1513 ,
William Douglas 6th Lord Drumlanrig -1513 was killed. William "Younger" Douglas 7th Lord Drumlanrig -1572 succeeded as 7th Lord Drumlanrig .
George Seton 5th Lord Seton -1513 was killed . His son George Seton 6th Lord Seton -1549 succeeded as 6th Lord Seton .
John Hay 2nd Lord Hay -1513 was killed . His son John Hay 3rd Lord Hay -1543 succeeded as 3rd Lord Hay of Yester . Elizabeth Douglas Lady Hay by marriage as Lord Hay of Yester .
Robert Keith 1483-1525 , Guiscard Harbottle 1485-1513 , John Erskine -1513 , David Home 1491-1513 . Henry 03 Lord Sinclair 1465-1513, Andrew Stewart 1st Lord Avondale 1470-1513 (43) , James Traquair 1480-1513 (33) , Archibald Campbell 2nd Earl Argyll 1449-1513 (64) , Robert Douglas 1424-1513 (89) , John Maxwell 4th Lord Maxwell -1513 was killed . Robert Maxwell 5th Lord Maxwell 1493-1552 (20) succeeded as 5th Lord Maxwell .
William Murray 1470-1513 (43) , Colin Oliphant 1487-1513 (26) , William Ruthven -1513 , George Douglas 1469-1513 (44) and William Douglas 1471-1513 (42) were killed .
George Home 4th Lord Home -1549 and John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl 1475-1522 (38) fought.
Brothers David Lyon of Cossins -1513 , William Lyon -1513 and George Lyon -1513 were killed .
On 01 Feb 1514 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (71) was restored 2nd Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) .Some documentation describes this as a creation rather than restoration although he is always referred to as 2nd. Agnes Tilney Duchess Norfolk 1477-1545 (37) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (3C 1483) .
On 21 May 1524 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (81) died at Framlingham Castle, Framlingham, Suffolk . He was buried at Thetford Priory, Thetford, Norfolk and subsequently reburied at the Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham, Suffolk . His son Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (51) succeeded as 3rd Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) , 2nd Earl Surrey (3C 1483) , 14th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 15th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) . Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (27) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (3C 1483) .
Paternal Family Tree: Howard
Maternal Family Tree: Katherine Moleyns -1465
Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858
Kings Gwynedd: Great x 10 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170
Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 16 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950
Kings Powys: Great x 11 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132
Kings England: Great x 5 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093
Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180
Kings France: Great x 6 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285
Father: John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 Great x 4 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
GrandFather: Robert Howard 1385-1437 Great x 4 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great GrandFather: John Howard 1366-1437 Great x 3 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert Howard 1331-1389 Great x 2 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great x 3 GrandFather: John Howard 1276-1331
Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Cornwall Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216
Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Scales Great x 7 Granddaughter of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135
Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Scales 3rd Baron Scales -1369 Great x 6 Grandson of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135
Great x 3 GrandMother: Catherine Ufford Baroness Scales 1317-
Great GrandMother: Alice Tendring 1365-1426
Great x 2 GrandFather: William Tendring 1339-1421
Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet Baroness Mowbray 1312-1349 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Plantagenet 2nd Countess Norfolk -1399 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272
Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1350-1385 Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 3 GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307
Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189
Mother: Katherine Moleyns -1465
GrandFather: William Moleyns 1378-1425