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Biography of William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492

CONTENT

1470 Battle of Nibley Green

1478 Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

1483 Funeral of Edward IV

1483 Richard III Rewards his Supporters

1483 Mowbray Succession Changed

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1485 Battle of Bosworth


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

In 1426 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 was born to James Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1394-1463 (32) and Isabel Mowbray Baroness Berkeley 1400- at Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire .

On 22 Oct 1463 James Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1394-1463 (69) died at Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire . He was buried at St Augustine's Abbey, Bristol . His son William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (37) succeeded as 2nd Baron Berkeley (2C 1421) .

In 1466 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (40) and Elizabeth West 3rd Baroness Berkeley were married . Elizabeth West 3rd Baroness Berkeley by marriage 3rd Baroness Berkeley (2C 1421) .

On Nov 1468 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (42) and Joan Strangeways 3rd Viscountess Berkeley were married . Joan Strangeways 3rd Viscountess Berkeley by marriage 3rd Baroness Berkeley (2C 1421) .

Battle of Nibley Green

On 20 Mar 1470 the army of William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (44) including Maurice Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley 1435-1506 (35) defeated the army of Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle 1449-1470 (21) at Nibley Green, Berkeley, Gloucestershire .
Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle 1449-1470 (21) was killed . His sister Elizabeth Talbot Viscountess Lisle -1487 succeeded as 3rd Baron Lisle (4C 1444) .

Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray (5) were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed) at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster .She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 died in 1476. The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth (11) , Mary (10) and Cecily (8) .The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (35) was knighted In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (52) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (53) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

On 21 Apr 1481 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (55) was created 1st Viscount Berkeley . Joan Strangeways 3rd Viscountess Berkeley by marriage 3rd Viscountess Berkeley .

Mowbray Succession Changed

In Jan 1483 Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (40) had Parliament re-enact earlier legislation regarding the Mowbray succession so that his son, Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- , who had married Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 (who had died in 1481), would continue to benefit from them effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death.

Funeral of Edward IV

On 17 Apr 1483 the coffin of Edward IV was carried to Westminster Abbey by Edward Stanley 1st Baron Monteagle 1462-1524 (21) , John Savage 1444-1492 , Thomas Wortley 1433-1514 (50) , Thomas Molyneux 1445-1483 (38) , probably John Welles 1st Viscount Welles 1450-1498 (33) who had married Edward's daughter Cecily), John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (41) , Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (18) , Guy Wolston 1433-1490 (50) , John Sapcote 1448-1501 (35) , Thomas Tyrrell 1453-1512 (30) , John Risley, Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (15) , John Norreys, Louis de Bretelles and John Comyn 4th Lord Baddenoch 1294-1314 .
Those in the procession included:
Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43) , widow of Edward's sister Anne
William Parr KG 1434-1483
John Astley 1373-1488
William Stonor 1450-1494 (33)
Henry Ferrers 1443-1500 (40)
James Radclyffe 1440-1484 (43)
George Browne 1440-1483 (43)
Gilbert Debenham
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) walked in front of the coffin with Edward's personal arms.
John Marlow Abbot Bermondsey followed by:
Thomas Kempe Bishop London 1390-1489 (93)
John Hales Bishop Coventry and Lichfield 1400- (83) (Bishop of Chester?)
Robert Stillington Bishop Bath and Wells 1420-1491 (63)
Edward Story Bishop Chichester -1503
Richard Bell Bishop Carlisle -1496
James Goldwell Bishop Norwich -1499
William Dudley Bishop of Durham 1425-1483 (58)
John Russell Bishop of Rochester, Bishop Lincoln -1494
Cardinal John Morton 1420-1500 (63) (as Bishop Ely)
Edmund Tuchet Bishop of Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury 1443-1524 (40) (as Bishop of Rochester)
Peter Courtenay Bishop Exeter, Bishop Winchester -1492 , and
Lionel Woodville Bishop Salisbury 1447-1484 (36)
Thomas Rotherham Archbishop York 1423-1500 (59) brought up the rear.
Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) , then Archbishop of Canterbury, took no part due to infirmity.
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) ; the King's nephew,
William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52)
Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28)
William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (32) (some sources say Earl of Huntingindon?)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48)
Richard Fiennes 7th Baron Dacre Gilsland 1415-1483 (68)
John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (82)
George Neville 4th Baron Bergavenny 1440-1492 (43)
John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (57)
Walter Devereux 7th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1432-1485
Edward Grey 1st Viscount Lisle 1432-1492 (51)
Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal, 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489 (7)
Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers 1453-1491 (30)
John Brooke 7th Baron Cobham 1447-1512 (35)
Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50)
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (45)
Thomas Bourchier -1492
Thomas Bourchier -1533 .

Richard III Rewards his Supporters

On 28 Jun 1483 John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (3C 1483) by Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) . William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (4C 1483) .Significant insofar as both men were heirs to the vast Mowbray estates that had been inherited by Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk 1472-1481 who had then been married to Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- . Richard York 1st Duke York, 1st Duke Norfolk 1473- 's father Edward IV King England 1442-1483 had attempted by very flawed legal process to legislate so that even in the event of Anne's death his son Richard would continue to benefit from the inheritance. Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was restoring John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (57) to their rightful inheritance.

On 19 Feb 1485 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59) was appointed as Earl Marshal .

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth . His second-cousin once-removed Henry Tudor (28) succeeded as VII King England and Ireland: Tudor .
Those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43)
Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35)
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (20)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50)
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53)
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47)
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34)
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50)
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52)
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38)
William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed
James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed . His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded as 13th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 14th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) . Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (40) by marriage Baroness Mowbray (1C 1283) , Baron Segrave (1C 1295) .
John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486 ,
William Norreys 1441-1507 (44) , Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33) , John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 commanded,
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.
Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47)
John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74)
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59)
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28)
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48)
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26)
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50)
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68)
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29)
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23)
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17)
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485 (62) , William Alington 1420-1485 (65) , Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43) , Robert Brackenbury -1485 , Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 (73) were killed .

Coronation of Henry VII

On 29 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) processed from Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London to Westminster Abbey . Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox (37) , almoner Christopher Urswick (37) , the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms (-2) . Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50) , John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23) , John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59) . Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53) , created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (43) .

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Around 1486 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (60) and Anne Fiennes Marchioness Berkeley -1497 were married .

On 28 Jan 1489 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (63) was created 1st Marquess Berkeley . Anne Fiennes Marchioness Berkeley -1497 by marriage Marchioness Berkeley .

On 14 Feb 1492 William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (66) died . His brother Maurice Berkeley 3rd Baron Berkeley 1435-1506 (57) succeeded as 3rd Baron Berkeley (2C 1421) . Isabel Meade 3rd Baroness Berkeley by marriage 3rd Baroness Berkeley (2C 1421) .

On 10 Sep 1497 Anne Fiennes Marchioness Berkeley -1497 died . She was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire .

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Berkeley

Maternal Family Tree: Emmeline Riddlesford 1223-1276

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 18 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 4 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 5 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

Ancestry

Father: James Berkeley 1st Baron Berkeley 1394-1463 Great x 3 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


GrandFather: James Berkeley 1355-1405 Great x 2 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandFather: Maurice Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1320-1368 Great x 4 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Rich Berkeley 8th Baron Berkeley 1296-1361 Great x 3 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: Maurice Berkeley 7th Baron Berkeley 1271-1326 Great x 2 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eva Zouche 1281-1314


Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Mortimer Baroness Berkeley 1304-1337 Great x 4 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 Great x 3 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 Great x 7 Granddaughter of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Despencer Baroness Berkeley 1325-1389 Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1286-1326 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh "Elder" Despencer 1st Earl Winchester 1261-1326 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Beauchamp Baroness Monthermer 1263-1306


Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Clare Baroness Zouche Mortimer 1292- Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Beauclearc" I King England 1068-1135


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford 1272-1307 Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


GrandMother: Elizabeth Bluet 1358-1420


Mother: Isabel Mowbray Baroness Berkeley 1400- Great x 3 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


GrandFather: Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 Great x 2 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandFather: John Mowbray 4th Baron Mowbray, 5th Baron Segrave 1340-1368 Great x 2 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray 1310-1361 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: John Mowbray 2nd Baron Mowbray 1286-1322 Great x 3 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Aline Braose Baroness Mowbray Great x 3 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet Baroness Mowbray 1312-1349 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322


Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Segrave 5th Baroness Segrave, Baroness Mowbray Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: John Segrave 4th Baron Segrave 1315-1353


Great x 3 GrandFather: Stephen Segrave 3rd Baron Segrave 1285-1325


Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Plantagenet 2nd Countess Norfolk -1399 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Hales Countess Norfolk -1330


GrandMother: Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 Great x 2 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel, 8th Earl Surrey 1306-1376 Great x 5 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Fitzalan 9th Earl Arundel 1285-1326 Great x 4 Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216


Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Warenne Countess Arundel


Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1318-1372 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster 1281-1345 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandMother: Maud Chaworth 1282-1322


Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Bohun Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1350-1385 Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: William Bohun 1st Earl Northampton 1309-1361 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322


Great x 3 GrandMother: Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan Plantagenet Countess Essex, Countess Hereford, Countess Holland 1282-1316 Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Badlesmere Countess Northampton 1313-1356 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322


Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Clare Baroness Badlesmere 1287-1333 Great x 3 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189