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Biography of William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632

1418 Siege of Rouen

1599 Robert Devereux Earl Essex loses the Plot

1601 Essex Rebellion


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

Siege of Rouen

On 29 Jul 1418 the English forces commenced the Siege of Rouen with the city being taken on 19 Jan 1419. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (33) fought. John Blount 1388-1418 (30) died. William Harrington 1373-1440 (45), the King's Standard Bearer, was wounded.
Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (40) fought.
Henry Beaufort 2nd Earl Somerset 1401-1418. John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (15) succeeded 3rd Earl Somerset (2C 1397).
Walter Devereux -1418 were killed.

On 26 Apr 1540 Francis Knollys 1512-1596 (28) and Catherine Carey 1524-1569 (16) were married.

Around 1562 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of (probably) Catherine Carey 1524-1569 (38).

Around 1544 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 was born to Francis Knollys 1512-1596 (32) and Catherine Carey 1524-1569 (20).

In 1546 Edmund Brydges 2nd Baron Chandos -1573 and Dorothy Braye Baroness Chandos, Baroness Knollys 1524-1605 (22) were married.

After 1549 Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 was appointed Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Before 1596 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. Portrait of Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 with the Knollys Arms with Elephant Crest on her right.

Around 1592 Nicholas Hilliard Painter 1547-1619 (45) painted a portrait of Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (48).

Around 1595 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (33). Portrait believed to be of Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (51).

Around 1546. William Scrots 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (12) before her accession painted for her father.

Around 1570 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (50). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (36).

Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (30).The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (58).

Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (29).

Around 1561 Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 1541-1576 (19) and Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (17) were married. Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (17) by marriage Viscountess Hereford.

Around 1575 based on a work of 1572.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 1541-1576 (33).

On Jun 1562 Dudley Knollys 1562-1562 died.

On 15 Jan 1569 Catherine Carey 1524-1569 (45) died at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond.

In 1571 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (27) was elected MP Stafford.

On 19 Nov 1571 Thomas West 2nd Baron De La Warr 1556-1602 (15) and Anne Knollys Baroness De La Warr 1555-1608 (16) were married.

In 1582 Robert "The Elder" Peake 1551-1619 (31). Portrait of Anne Knollys Baroness De La Warr 1555-1608 (26).

In 1572 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (28) was elected MP Tregony.

On 21 Sep 1578 Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (46) and Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (34) were married secretly much to the anguish of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (45) who developed a deep hatred of Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (34). Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (34) by marriage 1st Earl Leicester (3C 1564). Roger North 2nd Baron North 1530-1600 (48) was present.

On Oct 1578 Gerald Fitzgerald Baron Offaly 1559-1580 (18) and Catherine Knollys Baroness Offaly 1559-1620 (18) were married. Catherine Knollys Baroness Offaly 1559-1620 (18) by marriage Baroness Offaly.

In 1580 Edward Knollys 1546-1580 (34) died.

On 10 Jan 1581 Robert Rich 1st Earl Warwick 1559-1619 (21) and Penelope Devereux Countess Devonshire 1563-1607 (18) were married.

On 21 Dec 1582 Henry Knollys 1542-1582 (40) died.

In 1583 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (39) was elected MP Oxfordshire.

In 1586 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (42) was knighted by Robert Dudley 1st Earl Leicester 1532-1588 (53).

On Jun 1587 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (21) was appointed Master of the Horse.

In 1590 William Segar 1554-1663. Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (24).

Around 1596 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (34). Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (30).

Around 1597 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (35). Portrait of Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (31).

In 1588 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (22) was appointed 369th Knight Garter: Elizabeth I.

Around Apr 1589 Christopher Blount 1565-1601 (24) and Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (45) were married.

In 1592 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (48) was elected MP Oxfordshire.

In 1593 Mary Knollys 1541-1593 (52) died.

In 1593 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (27) was appointed Privy Council.

On 23 Apr 1593 Francis Knollys 1512-1596 (81) was appointed 382nd Knight Garter: Elizabeth I.

On 12 Feb 1594 Herbert Pelham 1546-1620 (48) and Elizabeth West 1573-1663 (20) were married at Wherwell.

On 21 Feb 1594 Giles Brydges 3rd Baron Chandos 1548-1594 (46) died. His Brother William Brydges 4th Baron Chandos 1552-1602 (42) succeeded 4th Baron Chandos of Sudeley. Mary Hopton Baroness Chandos by marriage Baroness Chandos (1C 1337).

1589. Hieronimo Custodis Painter -1593. Portrait of Giles Brydges 3rd Baron Chandos 1548-1594 (41).

On 08 Jun 1594 Robert West 1575-1594 (19) died.

Before 1595 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 and Dorothy Braye Baroness Chandos, Baroness Knollys 1524-1605 were married.

In 1596 Thomas Knollys -1596 died.

In 1596 Francis Knollys -1596 died.

In 1596 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (52) was appointed Lord Lieutenant Berkshire.

On 19 Jul 1596 Francis Knollys 1512-1596 (84) died.

On 21 Aug 1596 Richard Knollys 1548-1596 (48) died.

On 19 Apr 1598 Robert Digby 1574-1618 (24) and Lettice Fitzgerald 1580-1658 (18) were married.

Around 1599 Herbert Pelham 1580-1624 (19) and Penelope West 1582-1619 (16) were married.

In 1599 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) was appointed Lord Lieutenant Ireland.

Robert Devereux Earl Essex loses the Plot

On 29 Sep 1599 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (33) was compelled to stand before the Council during a five-hour interrogation. The Council, which included his uncle William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (55), took a quarter of an hour to compile a report, which declared that his truce with O'Neill was indefensible and his flight from Ireland tantamount to a desertion of duty. He was committed to the custody of Sir Richard Berkeley 1531-1605 (68) in his own York House, Strand on 1 October.

In 1601 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (57) was elected MP Oxfordshire.

Essex Rebellion

On 25 Feb 1601 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex 1565-1601 (35) was beheaded at Tower Green, Tower of London during the Essex Rebellion.

In 1602 William Brydges 4th Baron Chandos 1552-1602 (50) died. His Son Grey Brydges 5th Baron Chandos 1580-1621 (22) succeeded 5th Baron Chandos of Sudeley. Anne Stanley Countess Castlehaven 1580-1647 (21) by marriage Baroness Chandos (1C 1337).

Around 1615 William Larkin 1582-1619 (33). Portrait of Grey Brydges 5th Baron Chandos 1580-1621 (35).

Before 19 Jun 1602 William Paget 4th Baron Paget Beaudasert 1572-1629 and Lettice Knollys Baroness Paget Beaudasert 1583-1655 were married. Lettice Knollys Baroness Paget Beaudasert 1583-1655 by marriage Baroness Paget Beaudasert.

In 1603 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (59) was created 1st Baron Knollys. Dorothy Braye Baroness Chandos, Baroness Knollys 1524-1605 (79) by marriage Baroness Knollys.

Around 1605 Elizabeth Knollys 1549-1605 (55) died.

Before 1596 George Gower Painter 1540-1596. Portrait of Elizabeth Knollys 1549-1605 with Elephant Crest the Knollys Arms on her right.

On 31 Oct 1605 Dorothy Braye Baroness Chandos, Baroness Knollys 1524-1605 (81) died.

On 23 Dec 1605 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (61) and Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 (22) were married. Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 (22) by marriage Baroness Knollys.

In 1619 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (29). Portrait of Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 (36).

On 26 Dec 1605 Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (42) and Penelope Devereux Countess Devonshire 1563-1607 (42) were married (he was her Third-Cousin) at Wansted House, Wanstead, Redbridge during a service conducted by William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (32) (future). The marriage was regarded as uncanonical and resulted in the disgrace of both parties, who were banished from King James I's court circles. Penelope Devereux Countess Devonshire 1563-1607 (42) by marriage Countess Devonshire.

Around 1604 John Critz 1551-1642 (53) is believed to have contributed to the Somerset House Conference painting of the negotiation of the Treaty of London in which Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (68), Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (68), Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (41), Henry Howard 1st Earl Northampton 1540-1614 (63) and Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (40) are represented on the right side.

In 1631 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (41). Portrait of William Laud Archbishop Canterbury 1573-1645 (57).

On 07 Jul 1607 Penelope Devereux Countess Devonshire 1563-1607 (44) died.

On 30 Aug 1608 Anne Knollys Baroness De La Warr 1555-1608 (53) died.

On 30 Aug 1608 John Pellatt -1625 and Anne West 1588- were married.

In 1615 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (71) was appointed 411th Knight Garter: James I.

In 1616 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (72) was created 1st Viscount Wallingford. Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 (33) by marriage Viscountess Wallingford.

On 03 Mar 1617 William Seymour 2nd Duke Somerset 1588-1660 (29) and Frances Devereux Duchess Somerset were married at Drayton Bassett, Lichfield.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Frances Devereux Duchess Somerset.

On 07 Jun 1618 Nathaniel West -1618 died.

In 1619 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (29). Portrait of William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (75) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

In 1619 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (29). Portrait of William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (75) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

Around 1619 Penelope West 1582-1619 (36) died.

On Jan 1619 Robert Knollys 1548-1619 (71) died.

On 03 Aug 1619 Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland 1564-1619 (55) died.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck 1599-1641. Portrait of Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland 1564-1619.

On 20 Dec 1620 Catherine Knollys Baroness Offaly 1559-1620 (61) died.

Around Feb 1624 Thomas West 3rd Baron De La Warr 1577-1624 (46) died. His Son Henry West 4th Baron De La Warr 1603-1628 (21) succeeded 4th Baron De La Warr (2C 1570).

In 1626 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (82) was created 1st Earl Banbury. Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 (43) by marriage Countess Banbury.

On 25 May 1632 William Knollys 1st Earl Banbury 1544-1632 (88) died.

Around 1634 Francis West 1586-1634 (47) died.

On 25 Dec 1634 Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (91) died.

In 1637 Helen West 1587-1637 (49) died.

In 1655 Lettice Knollys Baroness Paget Beaudasert 1583-1655 (72) died.

On 17 Apr 1658 Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 (75) died.

On 01 Dec 1658 Lettice Fitzgerald 1580-1658 (78) died.

In 1659 John West 1590-1659 (68) died.

On 15 Jan 1663 Elizabeth West 1573-1663 (89) died.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Knollys

Maternal Family Tree: Ida Odingsells Baroness Clinton 1265-1321

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 21 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 13 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 19 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 14 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 6 Grand Son of King Edward III England

Kings Scotland: Great x 12 Grand Son of William "Lion" I King Scotland 1143-1214

Kings Franks: Great x 12 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 8 Grand Son of Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314

Ancestry

Father: Francis Knollys 1512-1596 Knollys Arms

GrandFather: Robert Knollys -1521 Knollys Arms

Great GrandFather: Robert Knollys Knollys Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Richard Knollys Knollys Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Doyley

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Troutbeck 1452-1485

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Troutbeck 1412-1459

Mother: Catherine Carey 1524-1569 5 x Great Granddaughter of King Edward III England Carey Arms

GrandFather: William Carey 1500-1528 4 x Great Grandson of King Edward III England Carey Arms

Great GrandFather: Thomas Carey 1455-1500 5 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Carey Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Carey 1437-1471 4 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Carey Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip Carey -1437 3 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Carey Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Carey -1431 Carey Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Courtenay 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandMother: Christiana Orchard

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Orchard

Great x 2 GrandMother: Anna Fulford

Great x 3 GrandFather: Baldwin Fulford

Great GrandMother: Margaret Spencer 1472-1536 3 x Great Granddaughter of King Edward III England Spencer Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Robert Spencer of Spencer Combe 1435-1510 Spencer Arms

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Beaufort Countess Ormonde 1432-1501 2 x Great Granddaughter of King Edward III England John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 Great Grandson of King Edward III England John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset 1373-1410 Grandson of King Edward III England John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 2 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Holland Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset 1408-1468 4 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Beauchamp Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 4 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Beauchamp Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Berkeley Countess Warwick 1386-1422 3 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Berkeley Arms

GrandMother: Mary Boleyn 1499-1543 7 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Boleyn Arms

Great GrandFather: Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire, 1st Earl Ormonde 1477-1539 6 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Boleyn Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Boleyn 1451-1505 Boleyn Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Geoffrey Boleyn Lord Mayor 1406-1463 Boleyn Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Geoffrey Boleyn 1380-1440 Boleyn Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Unknown

Great x 3 GrandMother: Ann Hoo 1425-1484

Great x 4 GrandFather: Thomas Hoo 1st Baron Hoo and Hastings 1396-1455

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Wychingham

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Butler 1465-1537 5 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Butler Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Thomas Butler 7th Earl Ormonde 1426-1515 4 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Butler Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: James "White Earl" Butler 4th Earl Ormonde 1393-1452 3 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Butler Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Joan Beauchamp Countess Ormonde 3 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Beauchamp Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Anne Hankford Countess Ormonde 1431-1485 4 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 4 GrandFather: Richard Hankford 1397-1431

Great x 4 GrandMother: Anne Montagu Duchess Exeter -1457 3 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Montagu Arms

Great GrandMother: Elizabeth Howard Countess Wiltshire, Countess Ormonde 1480-1538 6 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Howard Arms

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 5 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Howard Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 4 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Howard Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Howard 1385-1437 4 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Howard Arms

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Mowbray Baroness Grey Ruthyn 1388-1459 3 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Mowbray Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Katherine Moleyns -1465

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Moleyns 1378-1425

Great x 2 GrandMother: Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 8 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Tilney Arms

Great x 3 GrandFather: Frederick Tilney 1416-1445 Tilney Arms

Great x 4 GrandFather: Philip Tilney 1400-1453 Tilney Arms

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Cheney 1422-1473 7 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandFather: Lawrence Cheney 1396-1461

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Cockayne 1394-1422 6 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Cockayne Arms