History of Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst

Elizabeth's Royal Progress 1591

1592 Gunpowder Plot

Before 1493 David Owen 1459-1535 and Mary Bohun 1468-1500 were married by which Owen came into possession of Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst when Mary inherited it from her father John Bohun 1446-1492.

Around 1493 Ann Owen 1493-1555 was born to David Owen 1459-1535 (34) and Mary Bohun 1468-1500 (25) in Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

Around 1500 Henry Owen 1500-1535 was born to David Owen 1459-1535 (41) and Mary Bohun 1468-1500 (32) in Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

Around 1520 David Owen 1459-1535 (61) began construction of Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst on the site of the former manor house that he had inherited from his wife Mary Bohun 1468-1500.

In 1529 Henry Owen 1500-1535 (29) sold Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst to William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (39).

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:

In 1533 Henry VIII (41) granted William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (43) to inpark 600 acres of meadow, pasture and wood and build fortifications at Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (39). Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (44).

1540 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (43). Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (48).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

In Nov 1538 Margaret York Countess Salisbury 1473-1541 (65) was imprisoned in Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst until Sep 1539.

Around 1535 Unknown Artist. Portrait of unknown woman formerly thought to be Margaret York Countess Salisbury 1473-1541 (61).

In Jul 1539 Henry VIII (48) visited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

In Jul 1539 Henry VIII (48) visited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

On 15 Oct 1542 William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (52) died at Newcastle on Tyne. Anthony Browne 1500-1548 (42) inherited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

In Aug 1545 Henry VIII (54) visited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

On 06 May 1548 Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (19) inherited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

In 1559 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (39). Portrait of Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 wearing a Garter Collar and St George Pendant.

In Oct 1551 Mary of Guise Queen Consort Scotland 1515-1560 (35) stayed the night in Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

In Jul 1552 Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (14) visited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

Around 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (43). Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (2)

Around 1546 Unknown Artist. After William Scrots 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (8).

Around 1547 Master John PainterWorkshop. Portrait of Edward VI King England and Ireland 1537-1553 (9).

On 22 Jul 1552 Anthony Browne 1552-1592 was born to Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (23) and Jane Radclyffe -1552 at Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.
On 22 Jul 1552 Jane Radclyffe -1552 died in childbirth.
On 19 Oct 1592 Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (63) died. his grandson Anthony-Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 succeeded 2nd Viscount Montague. Jane Sackville Viscountess Montague 1573-1652 by marriage Viscountess Montague.
On 08 Apr 1608 Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (70) died at Battle Abbey. She was buried at at Midhurst; subsequently moved to St Mary's Church, Easebourne, Midhurst.
Monument to Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 (23), Jane Radclyffe -1552 and Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608 (14) in St Mary's Church, Easebourne, Midhurst. The Monument was originally in Midhurst but was subsequently moved. As there was less room, it was re-arranged, with Lord Montague kneeling behind and above the two recumbent effigies of his wives, instead of having a wife on either side, with Obelisks at the corners.

Around 1590 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Anthony Browne 1552-1592 (37).

On 06 Oct 1573 Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 was born to Henry Wriothesley 2nd Earl Southampton 1545-1581 (28) and Mary Browne Countess Southampton 1552-1607 (21) at Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

In 1618 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (28). Portrait of Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl Southampton 1573-1624 (44).

Elizabeth's Royal Progress 1591

On 15 Aug 1591 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (57) arrived at Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst the home of Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montague 1528-1592 and Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague 1538-1608. She was welcomed by a breakfast for some 300 guests. George Browne -1615 was knighted. Henry Browne organised the hunting. Elizabeth stayed until the 21 Aug 1591. .

Around 1546. William Scrots 1517-1553 (29). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (12) before her accession painted for her father.

Around 1570 Hans Eworth 1520-1574 (50). Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (36).

Around 1592 Marcus Gheeraerts 1562-1636 (30). The Ditchley Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (58).

After 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Around 1563 Steven van der Meulen Painter -1564. Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (29).

Gunpowder Plot

On 19 Oct 1592 Anthony-Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 (18) inherited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst. During his tenure Guy Fawkes was briefly employed as a footman and, as a consequence, Anthony-Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 (18) was briefly imprisoned for complicity in the Gunpowder Plot.

In 1770 Anthony Joseph Browne 7th Viscount Montague 1730-1787 (40) commissioned Capability Brown to landscape Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst.

In 1843 Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst was sold to George Perceval 6th Earl Egmont 1794-1874 (48).

In 1908 Augustus Perceval 8th Earl Egmont 1856-1910 (52) sold Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst to Weetman Dickinson Pearson.

John Bohun 1247-1284 constructed a fortified manor house at Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst naming it Coudreye which means Hazel Woods in Norman French.

On 24 Sep 1793, during restoration work, a fire started in the carpenter's workshop in the North Gallery of Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst resulting in the destruction of the house and its contents bar three paintings.