Biography of John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492

1450 Murder of William de la Pole

1458 Margaret Beaufort marries Henry Stafford

1483 Coronation of Richard III

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1486 Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

1487 Battle of Stoke Field


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

After 1421 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 and [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 were married. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 by marriage Countess Perche.

On 11 Nov 1430 [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (34) and [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (26) were married. Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (26) by marriage Countess Suffolk (3C 1385).

On 27 Sep 1442 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 was born to [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (45) and [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (38).

In 1444 [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (47) was created 1st Marquess Suffolk (1C). [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (40) by marriage Marchioness Suffolk (1C).

Around 07 Feb 1444 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (1) and [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 were married (he was her half third-cousin). The date somewhat suspect; possibly Jan 1450. Papal dispensation was granted on 18 August 1450 which supports the later date. Margaret never recognised this marriage, and considered her next husband her first;as confirmed by her 1472 will.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

In 1447 [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (50) was created 1st Earl Pembroke (6C 1447). [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (43) by marriage Countess Pembroke (6C 1447).

In 1448 [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (51) was created 1st Duke Suffolk (1C 1448). [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (44) by marriage Duchess Suffolk (1C 1448).

Murder of William de la Pole

On 01 May 1450 [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (53) was beheaded at sea whilst travelling into exile his ship having been intercepted by the Nicholas of the Tower. On 01 May 1450 His son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (7) succeeded 2nd Marquess Suffolk (1C), 5th Earl Suffolk (3C 1385). [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (6) by marriage Marchioness Suffolk (1C).

On Feb 1453 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (10) and [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (9) were divorced.

On 01 Nov 1455 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (25) and [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) were married at Bletsoe Castle, Bletsoe. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (12) by marriage 1st Earl Richmond (7C 1452).

Margaret Beaufort marries Henry Stafford

On 03 Jan 1458 Henry Stafford 1425-1471 (33) and [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (14) were married (he was her second-cousin) (probably) at Maxstoke Castle. Her third marriage (second if you don't include the one annulled) aged fourteen and already the mother of the future [his step-son] King Henry VII. She had no further issue.

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Before Feb 1458 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 were married (he was her half third-cousin). Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 by marriage Marchioness Suffolk (1C).

Around 1462 [his son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (19) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (17).

On 23 Mar 1463 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (20) was restored as 2nd Duke Suffolk (1C 1448). [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (18) by marriage Duchess Suffolk (1C 1448).

Before 1464 [his son] Geoffrey Pole 1463-1464 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503.

In 1464 [his son] Geoffrey Pole 1463-1464 died.

Around 1465 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (22) was appointed Constable Wallingford Castle.

In 1466 [his son] Edward Pole Archdeacon Richmond 1466-1485 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (23) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (21).

On 13 May 1467 [his son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (5) was created 1st Earl Lincoln (6C 1467) by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (25), his uncle. Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln by marriage Countess Lincoln (6C 1467).

Around 1468 [his daughter] Elizabeth Pole Baroness Marshal, Baroness Morley 1468-1489 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (25) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (23) in Wingfield.

In 1471 [his son] Edmund Pole 3rd Duke Suffolk 1471-1513 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (28) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (26).

In 1472 [his daughter] Dorothy Pole 1472-1472 died.

In 1472 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (29) was appointed 208th Knight of the Garter by Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (29).

In 1472 [his daughter] Dorothy Pole 1472-1472 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (29) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (27).

Around 12 Jun 1472 Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (37) and [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (29) were married (he was her third-cousin). Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (29) by marriage King Mann, Baron Stanley.

In 1474 [his son] Humphrey Pole 1474-1513 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (31) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (29).

Detail of the South Side of the. Monument to [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. From left to right ...
1 impaled . Alice's paternal grandparents
2 impaled . Her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419
3 impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424
4 quartered
5 impaled
6
7
8 impaled signifying Alice's son John's marriage to [his wife] Elizabeth of York sister of Edward IV King England 1442-1483.

Detail of the North Side of the. Monument to [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Arms from left to right ...
1 quarterd impaled Unknown
2 . Her third husband [his father] William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
3 quarted . Alice's son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450
4 . Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434
5 quartering impaled Chaucer. Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche, 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428
6 . Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387
7 impaling probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400
8 impaling . Her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387.

On 20 May 1475 [his mother] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church, Ewelme. Wrist Garter. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to detErmine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud.

In 1476 [his daughter] Anne Pole Prioress Syon Abbey 1476-1495 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (33) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (31).

In 1477 [his daughter] Catherine Pole 1477-1513 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (34) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (32).

In 1478 [his son] William Pole 1478-1539 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (35) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (33).

Before 1480 [his son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 and Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed).

In 1480 [his son] Richard Pole White Rose 1480-1525 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (37) and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (35).

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England: Plantagenet York by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491 (58), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby Eresby 1433-1503 (50), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. [his son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

In 1485 [his son] Edward Pole Archdeacon Richmond 1466-1485 (19) died.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 29 Oct 1485 [his step-son] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) processed from Tower of London to Westminster Abbey. Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox (37), almoner Christopher Urswick (37), the mayor of London and the . Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50), [his son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59). Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53), created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (43).

On 30 Oct 1485 [his step-son] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) was crowned VII King England and Ireland: Tudor by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (67) at Westminster Abbey. [his wife] Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (42), his mother, attended.
Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (24) attended as the Kings' Champion.
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) carried the King's train.

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

On 18 Jan 1486 [his step-son] Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) and Elizabeth, Edward IV's eldest daughter (19) were married (he was her third-cousin) at Westminster Abbey.

Around 1675 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Battle of Stoke Field

On 16 Jun 1487 a Lancastrian army defeated a Yorkist army at the Battle of Stoke Field; considered by many to be the last battle of the Wars of the Roses.
The Lancastrian army of Henry Tudor comprised:
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (44)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (55)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (19)
Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (36)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (45)
John Mordaunt 1455-1504 (31)
Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (19)
William Norreys 1441-1507 (46)
Edward Norreys 1464-1487 (23) wounded
John Paston 1444-1504 (43)
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 (27)
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Thomas Lovell 1478-1524 (8), knighted.
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (40).
The Yorksists [his son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (25),Thomas Fitzgerald 1458-1487 and Martin Schwartz -1487 were killed. Lambert Simnel 1477- fought and was captured. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (31) fought and escaped.

On 24 Dec 1489 [his daughter] Elizabeth Pole Baroness Marshal, Baroness Morley 1468-1489 (21) died in Hallingbury, Morley.

Before 27 Oct 1492 John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 died. He was buried at Wingfield. Before 27 Oct 1492 His son [his son] Edmund Pole 3rd Duke Suffolk 1471-1513 succeeded 3rd Duke Suffolk (1C 1448), 3rd Marquess Suffolk (1C), 6th Earl Suffolk (3C 1385).

After 1503. Monument to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and [his wife] Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 in St Andrew's Church, Wingfield. Finely made Fluted Period alabaster. Monument. Both wearing their ducal coronets. He wearing a Leg Garter. His head resting on a great helm with Saracen's Head Crest, feet resting on a Lion.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: De La Pole

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 19 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 9 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 15 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 10 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 5 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of David I King Scotland 1084-1153

Kings Franks: Great x 9 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 10 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France 1081-1137

Ancestry

Father: William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 4 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandFather: Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415

Great GrandFather: Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Pole 1302-1366

Great x 3 GrandFather: William Pole 1274-1328

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Norwich 1306-1381

Great x 3 GrandFather: Walter Norwich 1274-1329

Great GrandMother: Katherine Wingfield Countess Suffolk

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Wingfield 1320-1361

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Wingfield 1275-1327

GrandMother: Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 3 x Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford 1336-1386 2 x Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Ralph Stafford 1st Earl Stafford 1301-1372 7 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Edmund Stafford 1st Baron Stafford 1272-1308

Great x 4 GrandFather: Nicholas Stafford 1246-1287

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor Clinton 1250-1302

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Basset 1280-1337 6 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandFather: Ralph Basset 1st Baron Basset Drayton 1264-1299 5 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Audley Countess Stafford 1318-1349 Great Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 3 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Earl Gloucester 1291-1347 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandFather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley Stratton Audley 1267-1347 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isolde le Rous 1269-1328

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Clare Countess Gloucester -1342 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 4 GrandFather: Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester, 6th Earl Hertford 1243-1295 4 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandMother: Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford 1272-1307 Daughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandMother: Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford 1334- 5 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas Beauchamp 11th Earl Warwick 1313-1386 6 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 GrandFather: Guy Beauchamp 10th Earl Warwick 1272-1315

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick 1237-1298

Great x 4 GrandMother: Maud Fitzjohn Countess Warwick 1238-1301

Great x 3 GrandMother: Alice Tosny Countess Warwick 1284-1325 5 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandFather: Ralph Tosny 1255-1295 4 x Great Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 GrandMother: Katherine Mortimer Countess Warwick 1314-1369 4 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March 1287-1330 3 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandFather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer Wigmore 1251-1304 2 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Fiennes 1269- 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer Wigmore, 2nd Baroness Geneville 1286-1356 7 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandFather: Piers Geneville

Great x 4 GrandMother: Jeanne Lusignan 1260-1323 6 x Great Granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Mother: Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 8 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

GrandFather: Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434

Great GrandFather: Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400

Great GrandMother: Philippa Roet 1346-1387

Great x 2 GrandFather: Giles "Payne" Roet 1310-1380

GrandMother: Maud Burghesh 1379-1437 7 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandFather: John Burghesh 1343-1391 6 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Burghesh 1322-1349 5 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Bartholomew "The Elder" Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1287-1355

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Burghesh 1st Baron Burghesh 1254-1306

Great x 4 GrandMother: Maud Badlesmere Baroness Burghesh 1265-1306

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Verdun Baroness Burghesh 1306-1360 4 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandFather: Theobald Verdun 2nd Lord Verdun 1278-1316

Great x 4 GrandMother: Maud Mortimer Lady Verdun 1286-1312 3 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maud Kerdeston 1326-1349

Great GrandMother: Ismania Hanham

Great x 2 GrandFather: Simon Hanham