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Biography of Richard II King England 1367-1400

Legitimation of the Beauforts

John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

1361 Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

1376 Death of the Black Prince

1376 1377 Creation of Garter Knights

1377 Death of Edward III

1377 Coronation of Richard II

1381 Peasant's Revolt

1382 Coronation of Anne of Bohemia

1382 Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

1386 Wonderful Parliament

1388 Merciless Parliament

1389 Christmas Court

1394 Death and Funeral of Anne of Bohemia

1394 Richard II Travels to Ireland

1396 Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois

1397 Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1397 Thomas Haxey's Case - Free Speech in Parliament

1398 Thomas Mowbray Duel

1398 Richard II's Second Trip to Ireland

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1399 Richard II's Last Will

1399 Richard II's Third Trip to Ireland

1399 Richard II Abdication

1399 Epiphany Rising

1400 Death of Richard II

1654 Battle of Marston Moor


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John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 31. Whereupon the said Sir John was brought before the king in parliament between two earls, namely [his half-brother] Huntingdon and the marshal, dressed in a cloth as a dress of honour, and his sword carried before him, the hilt uppermost. And then the king's charter of the said creation was read aloud before the king, lords, and commons in parliament. And afterwards the king himself girded the said earl with his sword and took his homage, and caused him to sit in his place in parliament, that is to say, between the earls marshal and Warwick. The tenor of which charter follows:
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Legitimation of the Beauforts

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 29. Which charter was read in full parliament, and delivered to the said duke, father of the said John, and his said brothers and sister; the tenor of which charter follows:
Richard, by the grace of God, king of England and France and lord of Ireland, to our most beloved kinsmen the noble John, knight, Henry, cleric, Thomas, donzel, and our beloved noblewoman Joan Beaufort, lady-in-waiting, our most beloved cousins born of our uncle that noble man John duke of Lancaster, our lieges, greeting and the goodwill of our royal majesty. While inwardly considering how endlessly and with how many honours of parental and sincere affection of our aforementioned uncle and of his mature counsel we are on all sides blessed, we have judged it appropriate and worthy that in consideration of his merits, and in contemplation of the grace of persons, we should endow you, who are resplendent with probity and virtuous life and conduct, and are born of royal stock and divinely marked with many virtues and gifts, with the protection of grace and favour by special prerogative. Thus it is that, yielding to the prayers of our said uncle, your father, we grant to you who, so it is claimed, have suffered such defect of birth, that, notwithstanding this defect, which, together with its various consequences, we wish to be fully included in these presents, you may nevertheless receive all honours, dignities, preferments, estates, degrees, and public and private offices, both perpetual and temporal, and feudal and noble rights, by whatsoever name they are called, such as duchies, lordships, earldoms, baronies, or whatsoever other fiefs they be, whether they be dependent upon or held of us mediately or intermediately, which may be preferred, promoted, elected, taken up and allowed, and received, retained, performed and exercised prudently, freely and lawfully, as if you were born in wedlock, notwithstanding any statutes or customs of our kingdom of England decreed or observed to the contrary; and we dispense you [from this defect] by the tenor of these presents, by the plenitude of our royal power and with the assent of our parliament; and we restore you and each of you to legitimacy.
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Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: How the king graciously held them to be excused. 17. Whereupon the chancellor, by the king's command, said to the commons that the king of his royal kindness and gracious lordship considered the aforesaid commons wholly excused, and promised them good lordship, as had always been his will, charging them that on the following Monday they should proceed with the business of parliament as best they could. And further, the king himself said to the commons that they were bound to him in many ways, and now especially, inasmuch as he, for their ease and tranquillity, would abstain from making or demanding a charge from them in tenths or fifteenths, nor did he think to charge them in future for any such charge concerning his own body or person.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: On behalf of the bishop of Llandaff, touching his temporalities in the vacancy. 24. The bishop of Llandaff submitted a petition in parliament, the tenor of which follows:
John bishop of Llandaff shows, as well for our lord the king as for himself, in the present parliament that whereas the keeping of the temporalities of all the archbishoprics and bishoprics within the kingdom of England and land of Wales, in whichsoever lordships or franchises they may be, pertain during the vacancy of the same archbishoprics and bishoprics to our said lord the king and to none other, as by right of his crown and dignity. And whereas the bishopric of Llandaff, through the death of Andrew lately bishop there, by whose death the keeping of all the temporalities of the said bishopric ought by right to pertain to our said lord the king during the same vacancy - Thomas Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, after the death of the said bishop, entered the manor of Bishopston, part of the temporalities of the said bishopric in the lordship and land of Gower in Wales, and continues his possession still, and has taken the profits thereof, claiming to have the keeping of the said manor in times of vacancy by reason of the said lordship and land of Gower, wrongfully and in contempt of our said lord the king and in derogation of his crown. Wherefor the said bishop prays, as well for our lord the king as for himself, that the said manor with its appurtenances be seized into the hands of our lord the king and delivered to the said bishop.
Which petition having been read aloud in parliament and heard by the king and lords, the said matter was announced to the said earl of Warwick being then present in parliament, which earl having deliberated upon it could not deny the entry or occupation of the said manor and the taking of the issues and profits of the same, and had no excuse to make, but that he and his ancestors had acted in the same manner. And because he could not justify his deed, he submitted himself to the king's grace. Wherefor it was adjudged by the king and lords in parliament that the said manor of Bishopston with all its appurtenances should be taken into the king's hands, and the king answered for the issues of the said manor taken by the said earl; and writs made thereon as appropriate; and that the said earl makes fine to the king for the contempt.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Ordinance on bullion. 19. Be it remembered that it was ordained in this parliament, with the assent of the same parliament, that each and every merchant, as well denizens as aliens, who should wish to take out of England wool, hides or woolfells, should pay one ounce of gold in foreign coin for every sack of wool, and one such ounce for every half last of hides, and one such ounce for every two hundred and forty woolfells, to the king's bullion in the Tower of London, within half a year from the time of the custom and cocketing of the same wool, hides and woolfells, and in and under the name of him from whom they shall thus be customed and cocketed. And that the said merchants, if they do not pay one such ounce of foreign coin for every sack of wool and for every half last of hides, and for every two hundred and forty woolfells to the said bullion, in the aforesaid form, should pay the king for every sack of wool thirteen shillings and four pence, and on every last of hides thirteen shillings and four pence, and on every four hundred and eighty woolfells thirteen shillings and four pence, in addition to the customs and subsidies and other dues owed thereon. And that each and every such merchant, before they take the said wool, hides, and woolfells out of any ports of the kingdom of England, should find sufficient surety to the king's customs officers in the same ports to pay the said ounces of gold to the said bullion in the aforesaid form.
Whereupon writs of proclamation were directed to the mayors and bailiffs of the cities and towns where the staples are. Also, writs to the collectors of customs and subsidies in the ports where the staples are, to take surety from the said merchants, and to notify thereof the keeper and master of the mint in the said Tower of London, as appears from the tenor of the said writs transcribed below:
Writs made thereon.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The disclaimer of the commons touching the promise of the expedition of Lombardy. 9. Also, on the following Thursday, the commons came before the king and lords in parliament and explained to the king that although the archbishop of Canterbury and the earl of Rutland and the earl marshal had told them that the king had heard that there were some who intended to oppose the expedition of the said earls promised to his honourable compeer of France towards the parts of Lombardy, and had incited and procured the commons to request of the king our lord that the said expedition be prevented, and that he break the promise thereon made by him to his said compeer of France, the same commons excused themselves, for that neither they nor any one of them had ever had such purpose nor intent, nor had they spoken amongst themselves, nor had any others instructed them to make a request about nor to influence our lord the king contrary to the honourable promise aforesaid; but that they thanked him most wholeheartedly for the his honourable bearing, for the honour of himself and his kingdom, both in that matter and in others with his said compeer on his last expedition to France, as is well known to a great part of Christendom. And although the said lords in relating it explained to the said commons the gracious intent of our lord the king, that neither the commons nor the realm would be bound nor charged by virtue of that expedition; nevertheless the said commons prayed and protested that although the king of his own authority and will had granted such an expedition, that neither in this expedition nor in anything else which might arise in future, would they be a party, nor suffer loss, but be wholly excused. To which the king replied in his own words in full parliament, and said to the commons that they should not marvel at the said promise; and he kindly explained to them certain reasons which encouraged him to make the promise of the said expedition.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The assent of the commons touching the statute of provisors. 21. Be it remembered, touching the statute previously made on provisors of the court of Rome, that the commons of the kingdom of England now in parliament, for the great trust that they have in the person of our lord the king, and in his very excellent sense and discretion, and in the great affection and charity he has above all others for his crown and the rights thereof and the salvation of his royal estate, for their part agree in good will, in full parliament, that our said lord the king, by the assent and advice of such wise and worthy persons as it shall please him to summon for counsel in the matter, may make such allowance, ordinance, and moderation touching the said statute as shall seem most reasonable and profitable to him, to the pleasure of God and the salvation of holy church, at his high discretion, saving the rights of his crown and his royal estate, so that at the next parliament the same allowance, ordinance, and moderation may be heard and examined, and thereupon affirmed or corrected and amended or changed, according to that which shall seem best to the king by the advice of his council in the same parliament, for the honour of God and in salvation of holy church, and for the profit of his kingdom and his people.

Peter Courtenay 1346-1405 was appointed 79th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400..

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The king's will thereon announced to the lords. 15. Also, as to the fourth article, touching the expenses of the king's household and the presence of bishops and ladies in his company, the king took great offence and affront in that the commons who were his lieges should wrongly take upon themselves or presume any ordinance or governance of the kingking's person, or his household, or other persons of standing whom it should please him to have in his company. And it seemed to the king that the commons committed a great offence therein against his regality and his royal majesty, and the liberty of himself and his honourable progenitors, which he was bound and willed to maintain and sustain by the aid of God. Wherefor the king ordered the said lords spiritual and temporal that on the following Saturday morning [3 February 1397] they should explain and declare in full to the said commons the king's will in the matter. And further, the king understanding that the said commons had been influenced and informed by a bill delivered to them to present and explain the said last article, so he ordered the duke of Guyenne and of Lancaster to charge Sir John Bushy, speaker for the commons, on his allegiance to recount and tell him the name of whomsoever submitted the said bill to the said commons.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Ordinances for the mendicant orders. 25. The brethren of the mendicant orders submitted their petition to parliament, the tenor of which follows:
To the most excellent prince our lord the king, the prelates and lords and also the commons present in parliament, the brethren of the mendicant orders humbly pray: that whereas by a certain custom laudably observed amongst them since ancient times, no brother of the same orders shall receive the degree of master in the theology faculty unless he be sufficient in knowledge and conduct in the opinion of his superiors in this kingdom, and so is placed and assigned to receive such a degree in his provincial chapter according to the custom of his order. And nevertheless some brethren of the said orders who are wholly unworthy and untaught procure for themselves the aforesaid degree with money which they take with them overseas; and other unreasonable exemptions, and also inhibitions to their superiors in this kingdom; so that on the return of the same they cannot be punished for their delicts, and neither can their superiors prevent them in any way from obtaining such procurations, exemptions or inhibitions, to the great prejudice of the said orders, and to the shame and disparagement of the said degree, and expressly contrary to the force and effect of the custom of laudable memory. May your excellent and most revered discretion deign to provide such remedy against the insolence of those who wickedly and fraudulently acquire for themselves the degree mentioned above, that the said custom be inviolably observed amongst them hereafter on pain of a great penalty, so that henceforth no brother of the aforesaid orders shall cross the sea without the permission of the superior of his order in this kingdom; nor that such exemption nor assignation shall be allowed, nor the master's degree in any way received, unless it be previously presented in his provincial chapter in the manner mentioned above. And if those brethren, of whatsoever order they be, who are now outside the kingdom and have procured such exemptions or assignations, or the aforesaid degree in the theology faculty against the custom described above, will not, on their return, resign all such exemptions, assignations, and aforesaid scholastic degrees and submit themselves to the discipline and correction of their superiors in this kingdom, then each and every one of them shall incur that penalty which your discretion chooses and appoints for such excesses.
Whereupon, the said petition having been read openly in parliament and heard by the king and lords, the king, by the advice and assent of the lords spiritual and temporal, wills and has ordained in this parliament that none of the brethren of the mendicant orders should cross the sea without the permission of the head of his order in this kingdom; nor that he should be allowed any exemption, assignation, nor receive the degree of master of divinity in any way, unless he be first presented in his provincial chapter; on pain of being placed outside the king's protection. And if such brethren, of whatsoever order they be, who are now outside the kingdom, or within, and have procured such exemptions, assignations, or the degree of master of divinity contrary to the custom described above, will not on their return to England resign and renounce all such exemptions, assignations, and the aforesaid scholastic degree and submit themselves to the discipline and correction of their heads in this kingdom, they shall be placed outside the king's protection.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The reason for the said promise expounded by the king himself. 10. Firstly, the king, considering how in the past there had been very great trouble and unbearable destruction by war between the two realms of England and France, thought that the greatest good anyone could do for another to oblige him and be the more bound to him, was to aid and relieve him in his trouble and need. Wherefore, with the good intention of pacifying and ending the wars of the kingdom, and to save the troubles which arose through war for his kingdom and his people, and also so that such great benefit and promise might provide a powerful reason for the peace, quiet, and salvation of his kingdom and his lieges of England, and to move his said compeer of France to greater affection for himself and his kingdom and his people in time to come, he made the said promise. The second reason is because his said compeer is cousin to our lord the king, and now his compeer by virtue of this alliance is the more bound to please and relieve him in his need. The third reason is because his said compeer of France, and he himself, are considered two of the most worthy and valiant Christian princes; and for this reason if they happen to know of any king, prince, or other person, whosoever it may be, who by tyranny would conquer and destroy the Christian people in whatsoever parts, they are bound by right, to the reverence of God, to destroy such a tyrant and destroyer, and restore and recover those oppressed and deprived of their estate. And further our lord the king said that he wished to be at large and at liberty to command his people, to send them to aid his friends, and to dispose of his own goods at his will, where and whensoever he chose.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Touching the king's household and other articles. 14. Also, the fourth article was that the great and excessive charge of the king's household should be amended and reduced; namely, concerning the multitude of bishops who had lordships and were promoted by the king, and their followers; and also concerning the many ladies and their attendants who dwelt in the king's household and at his expense.
Upon which relation the king himself declared and imparted his will to the said lords: that by gift of God it was the king's right by descent and inheritance to inherit the kingdom of England, and he wished to have the regality and royal liberty of his crown. And he replied to the aforesaid articles by saying that some of the same were greatly against his regality and royal estate and liberty. And to the first article, touching the sheriffs and escheators, the king said that it pleased him well that those who were to be sheriffs and escheators should be persons of adequate means and of loyalty, as reason demanded: but it seemed that it would be more to his advantage, and for the good execution of the said offices, that sufficient persons should stay in the said offices for longer than one year, if they bore themselves well, than that they be removed at the end of the year. And this for various reasons expressed by the king: one of which was that a layman placed in office would not be able to learn how to perform his duties in so short a time; and that he should be removed once he had acquired experience of his office seemed to the king greatly damaging and of no benefit. Another reason was that whosoever should be made such an officer, although he would only be one year in office, would not dare in such a brief time to displease the lords of the land or his neighbours, nor duly serve the king, nor do right in his time. Also, concerning the march of Scotland, it well pleased the king that the lords should suggest a remedy, and if it should provide the means of supporting the charge, it well pleased the king, and he would be ready to do his duty as it reasonably pertained to him.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The Opening of Parliament. 2. Furthermore, the chancellor explained and declared in general to the lords and commons the burden and peril of the enemies of Scotland, and of the land of Ireland, and of the duchy of Guyenne, and of the marches of Calais, so that provision might be made by their good advice for the better governance and salvation of the said parts, and against the enemies without, to the great honour and profit of the king and salvation of the kingdom, and with the least burden and expense for the people. And then he said that the king had ordained and assigned certain clerks to receive particular petitions on causes and matters pertaining to parliament, and certain lords to try and to answer the same petitions in the customary manner, the names of which clerks and lords follow:.

Lewis Clifford 1364-1404 was appointed 64th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400.

Around Mar 1340 Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26) and [his mother] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (11) were married in secret. It isn't clear whether the marriage was canonical given the secrecy; there were no witnesses. She twelve years old. A subsequent investigation by papal commissioners confirmed it as valid.

Around Nov 1340 William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (12) and [his mother] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (12) were married. She was already married albeit secretly to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26). The subsequent investigation found her marriage to Thomas Holland 1st Earl Kent 1314-1360 (26) to be valid.

On 12 May 1343 [his father] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (12) was created Prince Wales.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: On behalf of the earl of Salisbury. 26. William Montague, earl of Salisbury (25), submitted a petition in parliament, the tenor of which follows:
To our lord the king his liege William Montague, earl of Salisbury (25), prays: whereas the most noble King Edward [III], your grandfather, by his letters patent gave and granted to William Montague, earl of Salisbury and father of the said supplicant, whose heir he is, and to the heirs issuing from his body, with the clause of warranty of the said very noble King Edward [III] and his heirs, the castle, town and honour of Denbigh, and the cantreds of Rhos, Rhufiniog, and Cymeirch and the commote of Dinmael with their appurtenances in Wales, as plainly appears from the said letters patent: which castle, town, and honour, cantreds and commote, with their appurtenances, Roger Mortimer, late earl of March (25), by the name of the land of Denbigh, in Trinity term, in the twenty-eighth year of the reign of the said most noble King Edward [III] [18 June 1354-9 July 1354], before William Shareshull and his fellow justices assigned to hold the pleas before the said very noble King Edward [III], against the aforesaid supplicant, by erroneous judgment, recovered by a writ of scire facias, founded on a judgment given in the parliament held at Westminster on the Monday after the feast of St Mark the Evangelist in the twenty-eighth year of the reign of the said very noble King Edward [III], for the aforesaid Roger, on a petition showed by him to the said very noble King Edward [III] then, in the name of Roger Mortimer of Wigmore, son and heir of Edmund Mortimer, son and heir of Roger Mortimer; in which record and judgment on the said writ of scire facias there are patent errors.
May it please you of your gracious lordship to cause the full record to be brought before you, with all attachments to the same concerning the said writ of scire facias, in the present parliament, that they may be inspected and examined for error, and to forewarn Roger Mortimer, earl of March, cousin and heir of the aforesaid Roger son of Edmund, and others who are to be forewarned in the matter, to be before you at the next parliament to hear the said errors; and if they know of anything to say wherefor the aforesaid judgment on the said writ of scire facias should not be reversed, and the aforesaid supplicant restored to his said possession with the issues and profits in the meantime since the said loss, and also to do right and justice to the parties in the aforesaid manner. Whereupon, the said petition having been read before the king and lords of parliament, the king ordered Sir Walter Clopton, his chief justice, to bring before the king and lords in parliament the record of which the said petition made mention above. Which record, on the king's command, was later brought to parliament before the king and lords, and there it was read in part, and certain errors therein were pointed out and alleged by the said earl of Salisbury. Whereupon the king, by the assent and advice of the lords of parliament, the justices of the king there present, granted and ordered that the said earl have a writ of scire facias on the matter of the said petition, returnable at the next parliament, as the same petition mentions.

Marriage of Edward "The Black Prince" and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent"

On 10 Oct 1361 [his father] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (31) and [his mother] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) were married (he was her half first-cousin once-removed) at Windsor Castle. Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (33) by marriage Prince Wales. His first wife, her second (or third depending on how you count them) husband. She had four children already. They had known each other since childhood. Thirty-one and thirty-three respectively. A curious choice for the heir to the throne; foreign princesses were usual. They were married nearly fifteen years and had two children.

On May 1366 John Montfort V Duke Brittany 1339-1399 (27) and [his half-sister] Joan Holland Duchess Brittany 1350-1384 (16) were married (he was her third-cousin). Joan Holland Duchess Brittany 1350-1384 (16) by marriage Duchess Brittany (1221 Dreux).

On 06 Jan 1367 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was born to [his father] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (36) and [his mother] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (38) at Bordeaux.

Before 13 Oct 1370 [his half-brother] Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 and Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 were married (he was her third-cousin). Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent 1350-1416 by marriage Countess Kent (6C 1360).

1377 Creation of Garter Knights

On 23 Apr 1376 King Edward III England (63) created a number of new Garter Knights ... Note the date speculative since it is not known whether this took place before or after the death of [his father] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (45).
the future Richard III (9) was appointed 61st Knight of the Garter Grandson of King Edward III England (63).
Henry Bolingbroke (9) (future Henry IV) was appointed 62nd Knight of the Garter. Grandson of King Edward III England (63).

Death of the Black Prince

On 08 Jun 1376 [his father] Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 (45) died of dysentery at Westminster Palace. He was buried in Canterbury Cathedral. His son Richard (9) became heir to the English throne.

From 1377 to 1381 Thomas de Brantingham Lord Treasurer Bishop Exeter -1394 was appointed Lord Treasurer to Richard II King England 1367-1400 (9).

In 1377 Simon Burley 1340-1388 (37) was confirmed an annual grant of £100 by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (9).

In 1377 John Burley -1416 was appointed 63rd Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (9)..

Death of Edward III

On 21 Jun 1377 King Edward III England (64) died of a stroke at Sheen Palace. He was buried in the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey. His grandson Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) succeeded II King England: Plantagenet Angevin.

Coronation of Richard II

On 16 Jul 1377 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (10) was crowned II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Westminster Abbey by Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (61).
On 16 Jul 1377 at the Coronation of Richard II Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (31) carried the Crown.
Guichard Angle 1st Earl Huntingdon -1380 was appointed 1st Earl Huntingdon (3C 1377).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (4) and Robert Harrington 3rd Baron Harington 1356-1406 (21) were knighted.
Roger Scales 4th Baron Scales 1354-1386 (23) attended.
John Mowbray 1st Earl Nottingham 1365-1383 (11) was created 1st Earl Nottingham (1C 1377).

In 1380 Bermond Arnaud -1385 was appointed 65th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (12).

In 1381 Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397 (25) was appointed 66th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (13).

In 1381 Simon Burley 1340-1388 (41) was appointed 69th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (13)..

In Jan 1381 Thomas Felton 1330-1381 (51) was appointed 67th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (13).

On 23 Apr 1381 [his half-brother] John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (29) was appointed 68th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14)..

Peasant's Revolt

On 11 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) held council with his mother [his mother] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (52), Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (43), William Montagu 2nd Earl Salisbury 1328-1397 (52), Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (35), Simon Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury 1316-1381 (65) and Robert Hales 1325-1390 (56) at the Tower of London.

On 15 Jun 1381 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14) met with Wat Tyler -1381 at Smithfield. During the course of the meeting Wat Tyler -1381 was wounded by William Walworth Lord Mayor -1385. Wat Tyler -1381 was then killed by John Cavendish 1374-1417 (7).

On 15 Jul 1381 John Ball 1338-1381 was hanged, drawn and quartered in St Albans in the presence of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14).

In 1382 Bryan Stapleton 1322-1394 (60) was appointed 70th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14).

In 1382 Richard Burley -1387 was appointed 71st Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14)..

Marriage of Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

On 20 Jan 1382 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (15) and [his wife] Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) were married (he was her fourth-cousin) at Westminster Abbey. Arranged by Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (52) the marriage not popular since it brought no dowry and little prospect of increased trade since Bohemia not a primary English trade partner.

Coronation of Anne of Bohemia

On 22 Jan 1382 [his wife] Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (15) was crowned Queen Consort England.

In 1383 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (14) was appointed 72nd Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (15)..

In 1384 [his half-sister] Joan Holland Duchess Brittany 1350-1384 (34) died.

In 1385 Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (22) was appointed 73rd Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (17).

On 07 Aug 1385 [his mother] Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 (56) died at Wallingford Castle. She was buried at Stamford.

In 1386 Richard Adderbury of Donnington Casatle 1331-1399 (55) was given permission by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (18) to fortify Donnington Castle, Donnington.

On 24 Jun 1386 [his half-brother] John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (34) and Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (23) were married (he was her half second-cousin once-removed) at Plymouth.

Wonderful Parliament

Around Sep 1386 the Wonderful Parliament sought to reform the administration of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (19). Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (56) was impeached for his failures in France.

In 1387 David Hamner 1332-1387 (55) was knighted by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (19).

In 1387 Nocholas Sarnesfeld 1348-1397 (39) was appointed 75th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (19).

In 1387 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (41) was appointed 74th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (19).

On May 1387 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (14) was appointed 76th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (20).

In 1388 Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (23) was appointed 77th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (20)..

Around 1388 Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester 1373-1400 (14) was appointed 80th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (20).

In 1388 [his half-brother] John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (36) was created 1st Earl Huntingdon (4C 1388). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (24) by marriage Countess Huntingdon (4C 1388).

Merciless Parliament

In Feb 1388 Merciless Parliament sought to cleanse Richard II King England 1367-1400 (21) 's administration. Simon Burley 1340-1388 (48) was executed. Michael Pole 1st Earl Suffolk 1330-1389 (58) was sentenced to be hung, drawn and quartered. Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 (26) was attainted. Nicholas Brembre -1399 was tried. Walter Clopton Chief Justice -1400 pronounced the death sentences.

In 1389 Thomas de Brantingham Lord Treasurer Bishop Exeter -1394 was appointed Lord Treasurer to Richard II King England 1367-1400 (21).

In 1389 John Devereux 1st Baron Devereux 1337-1393 (52) was appointed 78th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (21).

Christmas Court

On 30 Dec 1389 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (22) held his Christmas Court at Woodstock Palace, Woodstock.
John Hastings 3rd Earl Pembroke 1372-1389 (17) was killed in a tournament. His half first-cousin twice-removed Hugh Hastings 6th Baron Hastings 1336-1369 succeeded 6th Baron Hastings (1C 1295). Margaret Everingham Baroness Hastings 1331-1375 by marriage Baroness Hastings (1C 1295).

Around 1394 John Beaumont 4th Baron Beaumont 1361-1396 (33) was appointed 84th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (26).

In 1394 William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (44) was appointed 85th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (26).

Death and Funeral of Anne of Bohemia

On 07 Jun 1394 [his wife] Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 (28) died of plague (probably) at Sheen Palace. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) was so distraught at her death he ordered the destruction of Sheen Palace.

01 Aug 1394. Letter XXVI. Annabella Queen of Scotland to King Richard II. 01 Aug 1394. Letter XXVI. Annabella Queen of Scotland (44) to King Richard II (27).
To the most high and mighty prince Richard, by the grace of God king of England, our very dear cousin, Annabella, by the selfsame grace queen of Scotland sends health and greeting.
We give you hearty and entire thanks for your loving letters presented to as by oar well-beloved Donglas, herald-at-arms, from which we have learned to our great pleasure and comfort your good health and estate. And, dearest cousin, as touching the marriage-treaty to be made between some nearly allied to you by blood and some children of the king my lord and of us, be pleased to know that it is agreeable to the king (57) my said lord and to us, as he has signified to you by these letters. And in especial, that, although the said treaty could not be held on the third day of July last past for certain and reasonable causes contained in your letters sent to the king my aforesaid lord, you consented that the treaty should in like manner take place another day, namely, the first day of October next coming, which is agreeable to the king my aforesaid lord and to us; and we thank you heartily aud with good will, and affectionately pray you that you will continue the said treaty, and have the said day kept, for it is the will of my said lord the king and of us that as far as in us lies the said day should be kept without fail. And, dearest cousin, we affectionately require and entreat you that your highness will not be displeased that we have not sooner written to you; for we were lying in childbed of a male infant named James, of whom we are now well and graciously delivered, thanks to God and our Lady. And also, because, at the coming of your letters, the king my said lord was far away in the isles of his kingdom, we did not receive these letters sent to us on this matter till the last day of July last past. Most high and puissant prince, may the Holy Ghost ever keep you ! Given under our signet, at the abbey of Dumfermline, the first day of August.

Death and Funeral of Anne of Bohemia

On 03 Aug 1394 [his wife] Anne of Bohemia Queen Consort England 1366-1394 was buried at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey with Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 (41) presiding. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) attended. Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (48), brother of the presiding Archbishop, and his wife Philippa Mortimer Countess Pembroke, Countess Arundel, Countess Surrey 1375-1400 (18), arrived late causing Richard, in a rage, to snatch a wand and strike FitzAlan in the face drawing blood.

Richard II Travels to Ireland

In Oct 1394 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27) travelled to Ireland with William Hankford 1350-1423 (44).

Around 1395 William Fitzalan 1369-1400 (26) was appointed 86th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (27)..

After 22 Nov 1395 Robert Vere 1st Duke Ireland 1362-1392 was buried when Richard II King England 1367-1400 had the coffin opened to kiss his lost friend's hand and to gaze on his face one last time.

Marriage of Richard II and Isabella of Valois

On 31 Oct 1396 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) and [his wife] Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 (6) were married (he was her half third-cousin). The marriage being one of the terms of a twenty-eight year peace treaty with France. He twenty-nine, she six. The marriage sowed the seeds subsequent rebellion since there was no prospect of an heir to secure the Crown.

On 01 Nov 1396 [his wife] Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 (6) was crowned Queen Consort England.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The grant of the subsidy. 18. The commons of the realm, by the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal, have granted to our very redoubtable and very powerful lord the king (29) twelve pence in the pound on every kind of merchandise, and three shillings per tun of wine, coming into the kingdom and leaving the same, from the feast of St Andrew, in the twentieth year of the reign of our said lord the king [30 November 1396], for three years next following [29 November 1399]. And also the subsidy on wool, hides and woolfells from the said feast of St Andrew in the said twentieth year for five years then next following [29 November 1401], to be levied as it was levied by virtue of the last grant, so that no levy, nor coercion to make payment, nor surety of payment, shall be made of the aforesaid subsidies after the terms appointed above without the authority of parliament.

In 1397 Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 served Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) as Ambassador to various German Princes.

In 1397 Richard Redman Master of the Horse 1350-1426 (47) campaigned with Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) at Ireland.

Thomas Haxey's Case - Free Speech in Parliament

In Jan 1397 Thomas Haxey presented a bill to Parliament criticising the costs of King Richard II of England's household. Richard II King England 1367-1400 (29) took offence and had Haxby charged with treason and sentenced to be executed. On appeal by the Archbishop of Canterbury (44) Haxey was released into the Archbishop's care.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The Opening of Parliament. 1 Be it remembered that on Monday the feast of St Vincent, in the twentieth year of the reign of our lord the king Richard the second (30) since the conquest [22 January 1397], the king being in parliament, the bishop of Exeter, chancellor of England (53), by the king's command explained and announced the reason for the summoning of this parliament; claiming by the great authority of holy scripture that it pertains to every Christian king to do four things in his parliament, to the pleasure of God and for the good governance of his kingdom. First, that holy church be governed and defended in peace and tranquillity, with its rights and liberties. Second, that all the subjects and people of his kingdom be governed in justice and peace without oppression, and that malefactors be punished and chastised as they deserve. Third, that the good laws of his kingdom be maintained and governed, and if any laws or customs be not good or profitable, then to amend them, or ordain and establish other laws and ordinances necessary for the peace and quiet of the people of his kingdom. Also, fourth, that the people in his kingdom be defended from enemies without. All of which four points thus explained, the king willed and granted that they would be done and upheld as best they might be, with God's aid and by the good counsel of the estates of his kingdom. And he willed that holy church principally, and the lords spiritual and temporal, cities and boroughs, should have and enjoy their liberties and franchises as they reasonably had them in the time of his noble progenitors the kings of England and in his own time.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The reason for the said promise expounded by the king himself. 11. And further, on the other hand, the king (30), recalling that on the second day of parliament [23 January 1397], his uncle of Lancaster (56) made him a request regarding certain grievances inflicted on him by Sir Thomas Talbot, whereof it was his wish that justice be done as an example to such lawlessness, and saying that had he been greater or lesser, of whatever condition he had been within his realm, who committed wrong, excess, or oppression against any of his lieges contrary to the law, of which he had knowledge of the truth, that he would deliver full justice and punishment thereon according to the law, whether he be of his blood of otherwise, showing no favour to anyone.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The Protestation of the Commons. 7. Also, the following Tuesday [23 January 1397], the commons presented Sir John Bushy as their common speaker, with whom the king (30) was well pleased. And then the said Sir John prayed of the king that he might make a protestation that if he should say anything through ignorance or otherwise which had not been agreed by his companions, etc., that he might be corrected by his said companions; to which the king agreed, as he should by right and reason. And on the same day the duke of Lancaster (56) asked the king to do justice to Sir Thomas Talbot, etc.. And then the chancellor (53) explained to the commons that although he had explained in general the reason for summoning the parliament, on the morrow following, at eight o'clock [24 January 1397], the officers would explain it more particularly, that the commons might be better informed; and they were ordered to make haste in the business of parliament. And later the chancellor (53), at the king's command, charged all the lords spiritual and temporal to be at parliament each day at nine o'clock at the latest, and that no lord should absent himself in any way without the special permission of the king himself.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The Reason for Summoning Parliament. 8. Also, on the following Wednesday [24 January 1397], the chancellor (53), treasurer, and clerk of the privy seal, the bishop of Chester and others of the king's council explained and declared in the refectory of Westminster to the commons the particular intent of the king (30) and the reason for summoning the parliament. On the same day, the commons came before the king (30) and lords in parliament and prayed that all the lords spiritual and temporal who were absent be sent for to come to parliament. To which they were given answer by the chancellor (53), on the king's orders, that it would cause too long a delay in parliament. Nevertheless it pleased the king that during the course of parliament he would send again for the lords who were nearby.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The reason for the said promise expounded by the king himself. 12. And later, the chancellor (53) at the king's (30) command said to the commons that on the following Friday [26 January 1397] the king's officers would come to the commons to explain to them in greater detail and discuss with them certain charges, the reasons for which they explained to them on the third day of the parliament [23 January 1397] last past.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The excuse and submission of the commons to the king. 16. Item, on Saturday, the morrow of the said feast of Candlemas [3 February 1397], the lords spiritual and temporal were with the commons and showed them the king's (30) will and command, and the said commons delivered the said bill to the lords, with the name of the person who submitted it to them, namely Sir Thomas Haxey. Which bill was later delivered to the clerk of the crown by the clerk of parliament by the king's (30) command, and immediately afterwards the commons came before the king in parliament by his command. And there with all the humility and obedience that they could, they lamented, as was apparent from their mien, that the king had formed such an impression of them, praying most humbly of the king to hear and accept their excuse that it had never been their intent nor will to speak, show nor do anything which would give offence or displeasure to the king's (30) royal majesty, nor against his royal estate or liberty; and especially in the matter concerning his own royal person and the governance of his household, or of the lords and ladies in his company, nor in any other matter which touched himself: knowing and understanding well that such things did not pertain to them, but only to the king himself and to his ordinance. For that their intent was, and is, because of the great affection they bear for the king as faithful lieges, that the lords should ask the king to consider his honourable estate and do thereon whatsoever pleased him, and even though the king perceived differently, that it was not their intent which weighed heavily upon them. And thereupon the said commons humbly submitted themselves to the grace and will of the king, imploring his royal majesty graciously to hold them excused: saying also that they were always ready to do their utmost to save his royal estate and liberty, and to do in body and goods, as loyal lieges were bound to do, that which might be to the honour and salvation of his royal majesty.

Legitimation of the Beauforts

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 28. Be it remembered that on Tuesday, the fifteenth day of the parliament [4 February 1397], the chancellor (53), by order of the king (30), declared that our holy father the pope, in reverence of the most excellent person of the king (30) and his honourable uncle the duke of Guyenne and of Lancaster (56), and of his blood, has enabled and legitimized my lord John Beaufort (24), his brothers [Note. Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (22) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (20)], and his sister (18). And therefore our lord the king, as sole ruler of his kingdom of England, for the honour of his blood, willed and enabled of his abundant royal power, and legitimized, of his own authority, the said John, his said brothers, and sister. And he also pronounced and published the ability and legitimation, according to the form of the charter of the king made thereon.
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Thomas Haxey's Case - Free Speech in Parliament

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: The protestation of the prelates after the judgment upon Sir Thomas Haxey. 23. Be it remembered that on the Wednesday after Candlemas [7 February 1397], immediately after the judgment rendered against Thomas Haxey, clerk, who was adjudged to death in parliament as a traitor, there came before the king in parliament with great humility the archbishop of Canterbury (44) and all the other prelates, and made full protestation that their whole and full intent was, and always would be, that the royal estate and regality of the king should be be forever saved and kept from blemish; and they humbly prayed of the king that it might please him of his grace to have pity and mercy for the said Thomas, and of his high and royal benignity to remit and release the execution of the said Thomas's death and grant and give him his life.
And the king (30) thereupon, at the prayer of the said prelates, of his royal pity and of his special grace, remitted and released the execution of the said Thomas's death and granted him his life. Whereupon the said prelates, thanking the king for his great kindness and mercy he had shown, prayed humbly of the king that it might please him of his most abundant grace, to the reverence of God and for the honour of holy church, to grant them the keeping of the body of the said Thomas, the said prelates protesting thereon that they did not make that request nor prayer, nor demand such great grace of the keeping of his said body, for any right or due which pertained or might pertain to them in the cause, but only of the special grace and will of the king himself. Whereupon the king, only of his special grace and for the honour of holy church, and not as any due or right of the said prelates in this matter, granted and released to them the keeping of the body of the said Thomas: and thereupon he ordered Sir Thomas Percy (54), steward of the king's household, to deliver the body of the said Thomas Haxey to the said archbishop (44), to keep safely, of the king's grace, as was said above.

John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Of the appointment of the earl of Somerset. 32. The king (30) to his archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, dukes, earls, barons, justices, sheriffs, reeves, ministers, and other his bailiffs and faithful men, greeting. Know that we, considering the strenuous probity and prudent mind, distinguished conduct and nobility of birth of our beloved and faithful kinsman John Beaufort (24), knight, son of our beloved uncle John duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster (56), and willing therefore deservedly to exalt the same John Beaufort with the prerogative of honour, we do appoint and create John Beaufort earl of Somerset in our present parliament, and invest him with the style and name and honour of the aforesaid earl by girding him with the sword, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body in perpetuity. And that the same earl and his aforesaid heirs, given such name and honour, may the better and more honourably support the burdens incumbent upon the same, of our special grace in our present parliament we have given and granted, and by this our charter confirmed, to the same earl and his aforesaid heirs twenty pounds to be received each year from the issues of the aforesaid county by the hand of the sheriff of that county for the time being, at the terms of Easter and Michaelmas [29 September] in equal portions, in perpetuity. Witnessed by these, the venerable father Thomas archbishop of Canterbury (44) primate of all England, John of Aquitaine and Lancaster, and Edmund of York (55), dukes; Robert of London, William of Winchester (77), John of Ely, Edmund of Exeter, our chancellor (53), bishops; Henry of Derby (29), Edward of Rutland (24), Thomas of Nottingham and marshal of England (28), earls; Reginald Grey (35), Ralph Neville (33), John Lovell, knights; Roger Walden dean of York, our treasurer, Thomas Percy (54), steward of our household, Guy Mone, keeper of our privy seal, and others. Given by our hand at Westminster on 10 February in the twentieth year of our reign [10 Feb 1397].
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Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Legitimation of Beaufort. 30. Also, on the Saturday [10 February 1397], the chancellor (53) announced by the king's (30) command that reason willed that one should honour and enhance the estate of worthy and virtuous persons. Wherefore the king (30) - considering the nobility and virtue of his cousin Sir John Beaufort (24), son of his uncle of Guyenne and Lancaster (56), and the great honour he had done his person on various expeditions and labours in many kingdoms and lands overseas, to the great honour of the king and kingdom; and also to encourage him and others to do such honour; and also to strengthen the royal sceptre which could best be supported in honour by worthy and valiant persons - had, of his royal dignity and special grace, made and created the said John an earl, and given him the name and honour of the earl of Somerset, to have to him and his male heirs lawfully engendered of his body, with twenty pounds a year to be taken from the issues and profits of the county of Somerset for his title and the name of earl.
Note. On 10 Feb 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Earl Somerset (2C 1397).
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Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: By the king in parliament. 33. Also, on the same Saturday [10 February 1397], a charter of the king (30) made to the earl marshal (28) touching his office of marshal of England, and the gold staff adorned with the emblem of the king's arms which he will carry in his office, was read and delivered to the said earl. The tenor of which charter follows:
The king to the same, greeting. Know that whereas recently by our letters patent of our special grace we granted to our beloved kinsman Thomas, earl of Nottingham, the office of marshal of England, together with the name and honour of earl marshal, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body, with all the fees, profits, and appurtenances whatsoever pertaining in any way to the said office, in perpetuity; as is fully contained in the same letters. We, mindful of the gracious and laudable services often performed by the aforementioned earl, on either side of the sea, for the benefit and honour of us and our kingdom, at no small effort, cost, and charge to him; and wishing therefore to provide for the estate and honour of that earl, of our special grace have granted in our present parliament for us and our heirs to the same earl the said office, and the name, title, and honour of earl marshal of England, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body, together with all offices, commodities, profits and other appurtenances whatsoever, both in our courts and elsewhere, relating or pertaining in any way to the same office, in the same manner and as fully, freely, wholly, and peacefully as Thomas Brotherton, lately earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, father of our beloved kinswoman Margaret countess of Norfolk, [widow] of the aforesaid late earl, or Roger Bigod sometime earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, or any other after the death of the same former earl, or the same present earl, had or held the said office of marshal of England in their time.
Willing further and granting for us and our heirs, that the office of marshal of our Bench before us, which John Wicks holds for the term of his life by our grant, and the office of marshal in our treasury which Richard Gascoigne holds for his life by grant of our beloved brother [his half-brother] Thomas earl of Kent (47), lately marshal of England, by our confirmation; and also the office of herald of the marshal before the steward and marshal of our household, which Guy Allesley holds for his life by grant of the lord Edward [III], late king of England, our grandfather, and by our confirmation; which offices after the death of the aforesaid John, Richard and Guy should revert to us and our heirs, after the death of the same John, Richard, and Guy shall remain to the aforementioned earl marshal, to have to him and his male heirs in perpetuity. And that the same offices, and all other offices in any of our courts and elsewhere, which pertained, and used to pertain to the said office of marshal of England in times past, shall be fully restored, annexed, and reunited to the said office of marshal of England in perpetuity. And that the same earl and his male heirs may give, grant, or confer those offices on any suitable persons freely and without hindrance as soon as they shall have fallen vacant by death, demise, resignation, surrender, or in any other way, notwithstanding any of our letters patent made to the contrary.
Considering also the vigour and nobility of that earl, and that he may in future the more fittingly and honourably perform and exercise the aforesaid office, we have granted for us and our heirs to the same present earl that he and his said male heirs, marshals of England, by virtue of their aforesaid office should have, carry, and bear, as well in the presence as in the absence of us and our heirs, a certain gold staff, with both ends enamelled in black, and with the emblem of our arms decorating the top of the said staff, and with the emblem of the arms of that earl decorating the bottom of the said staff; notwithstanding that the same present earl in his time, or the aforementioned former earls, or any other who had the said office of marshal of England before this time, used to carry or bear a wooden staff. Witnessed by these, the venerable fathers Thomas archbishop of Canterbury (44), primate of all England, Robert of London, William of Winchester (77), John of Ely, Edmund of Exeter (53), our chancellor, bishops; John of Aquitaine and Lancaster (56), Edmund of York (55), dukes, our beloved uncles; Henry of Derby (29), Edward of Rutland (24), Henry of Northumberland (55), earls; Reginald Grey of Ruthin (35), Ralph Neville (33), John Lovell, knights; Roger Walden, dean of York, our treasurer, Thomas Percy (54), steward of our household, and others. Given by our hand at Westminster on 10 February 1397.

Parliament Rolls Richard II Jan 1397: Ordinance on bullion. 20. The king (30) to the mayor and sheriffs of London, greeting. Whereas in our last parliament it was ordained, with the assent of the same parliament, that each and every merchant, as well denizen as alien, who shall wish to take any wool, hides, or woolfells out of our kingdom of England, should deliver and bring one ounce of gold in foreign coinage for each sack of wool, and a similar ounce for every last of hides, and a similar ounce for every two hundred and forty woolfells, to our bullion in our Tower of London, within half a year from the time of customing and cocketing the wool, hides and woolfells, in and under the name of him by whom they were thus customed and cocketed; and that the said merchants, if they did not pay one ounce of this kind of foreign coinage for each sack of wool and each half last of hides and every two hundred and forty woolfells to our aforesaid bullion in the above manner, should pay us for every sack of wool thirteen shillings and four pence; and for every last of hides thirteen shillings and four pence; and for every four hundred and eighty woolfells thirteen shillings and four pence; in addition to the customs and subsidies and other dues owed thereon. And that all and singular such merchants before exporting the aforesaid wool, hides, and woolfells from any port of the kingdom of England should find surety to our customs officers in the same ports to pay and deliver the ounces of gold to our aforesaid bullion in the aforesaid form. We order you publicly to proclaim all and singular the aforesaid things in the said city and suburbs of the same wheresoever shall seem best to you, and cause them to be firmly kept as best you can. Witnessed by the king (30) at Westminster on 20 February 1397.
Similar writs were sent to all the mayors and bailiffs of the cities and towns where the staples are.
Writs for taking surety
The king (30) to the collectors of customs and subsidies on wool, hides, and woolfells in the port of our city of London, greeting. Whereas in our last parliament, etc., as above, as far as to deliver and bring, and then thus - We order you that from every such merchant, before they take the aforesaid wool, hides, and woolfells from the said port of London, you take sufficient surety, for which you will answer to us at your peril, that they will deliver such ounces of gold to our aforesaid bullion in the aforesaid form, from time to time under your seal clearly and distinctly notifying the keeper and master of our mint in the aforesaid Tower of the surety thus taken, and of the names of the aforesaid merchants, and of the number of sacks of wool and hides and woolfells which are taken out of the said port. Witnessed as above.
Similar writs are sent to the king's collectors of customs and subsidies in the ports where the staples are under the same date.

On 25 Apr 1397 [his half-brother] Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent 1350-1397 (47) died. He was buried in Bourne Abbey aka Church of St Peter and St Paul, Bourne. His son Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (23) succeeded 3rd Earl Kent (6C 1360), 4th Baron Holland. Joan Stafford Countess Kent 1378-1442 (19) by marriage Countess Kent (6C 1360).

Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel

On 12 Jul 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 (51) was arrested for his opposition to Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30).

After Sep 1397 John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, Dorset 1373-1410 was appointed 87th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400.

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (30) awarded his older maternal half-brothers Dukedoms for their part in the arrest, trial and execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397.
[his half-brother] John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (45) was created 1st Duke Exeter (1C 1397). Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter 1363-1426 (34) by marriage Duchess Exeter (1C 1397).
Thomas Holland (23) was created 1st Duke Surrey. .
Richard also rewarded his key supporters:
Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk (1C 1397) probably for arranging the murder of Thomas of Woodstock Plantagenet 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 1st Duke Gloucester 1355-1397. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk 1366-1425 (31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk (1C 1397).
John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset, Dorset 1373-1410 (24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset (2C 1397), 1st Marquess Dorset (1C 1397). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset (2C 1397).
Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397). Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland, Countess Cork 1373-1408 (24) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397)
Ralph Neville 1st Earl Westmoreland 1364-1425 (33) was created 1st Earl Westmoreland (1C 1397). Joan Beaufort Countess Westmoreland 1379-1440 (18) by marriage Countess Westmoreland (1C 1397).

Richard II's Second Trip to Ireland

In 1398 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30) travelled to Ireland with Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor.

In 1398 Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (24) was appointed 88th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30)..

In 1398 Albert Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria 1336-1404 (61) was appointed 90th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30)..

In 1398 Simon Felbrigge -1442 was appointed 91st Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30).

In 1398 John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 (48) was appointed 89th Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (30).

Thomas Mowbray Duel

Before 16 Sep 1398 the future Henry IV reported to King Richard II that Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 had made a treasonous remark regarding Richard's rule. Richard II proposed a duel of honour at Gosford Green, Caludon, Coventry, neat Mowbray's home Caludon Castle.

On 17 Sep 1398 King Richard II (31), the nobility and thousands of spectators assembled at Gosford Green to witness the duel between the future Henry IV (31) and Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30). the future Henry IV (31) had had new armour constructed. Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (25) and Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (24) managed the proceedings. Just as the duel was to commence King Richard II (31) stopped it. After two hours of deliberation King Richard II (31) had his decision announced; both men were to be exiled. the future Henry IV (31) for ten years,Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) forever.
On 19 Oct 1398 Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke Norfolk 1368-1399 (30) left England never to return.

Around 1399 William Wittelsbach IV Count Holland, VI Count Hainault, V Count Zeeland 1365-1417 (33) was appointed 82nd Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (31).

Around 1399 William Jülich 3rd Duke Guelders, 3rd Duke Jülich 1364-1402 (34) was appointed 81st Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (31).

Around 1399 John Bourchier 2nd Baron Bourchier 1329-1400 (70) was appointed 83rd Knight of the Garter by Richard II King England 1367-1400 (31)..

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle, Leicester. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at Old St Paul's Cathedral.
He was buried in the Choir, Old St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368.
Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster (2C 1362), 7th Earl of Leicester (2C 1265). Mary Bohun Duchess Lancaster 1368-1394 by marriage Duchess Lancaster (2C 1362).
Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) witheld the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

15 Mar 1399. Letter XXVII. Joanna of Navarre afterwards Queen of Henry IV to King Richard II. 15 Mar 1399. Letter XXVII. Joanna of Navarre (29) afterwards Queen of Henry IV to King Richard II (32).
My most dear and redoubted lord,
I desire every day to be certified of your good estate, which our Lord grant that it may ever be as good as your heart desires and as I should wish it for myself. If it would please you to let me know of it, you would give me great rejoicings in my heart, for every time that I hear good news of you I am most perfectly glad at heart. And if to know tidings from this side would give you pleasure, when this was written my lord (31), I, and our children were together in good health of our persons, thanks to our Lord, who by his grace ever grant you the same. I pray you, my dearest and most redoubted lord, that it would ever please you to have the affairs of my said lord well recommended, as well in reference to the deliverance of his lands as other things, which lands in your hands are the cause why he sends his people promptly towards you. So may it please you hereupon to provide him with your gracious remedy, in such manner that he may enjoy his said lands peaceably; even as he and I have our perfect surety and trust in you more than in any other. And let me know your good pleasure, and I will accomplish it willingly and with a good heart to my power.
My dearest and most redoubted lord, I pray the Holy Spirit that he will have you in his holy keeping.
Written at Vannes, the 15th day of March. The Duchess of Bretagne.

Richard II's Last Will

On 16 Apr 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) wrote his Last Will from which the following extracts are taken … Also we bequeath to our beloved nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25) ten thousand marks and to our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) two thousand marks and to our beloved brother [his half-brother] John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) three thousand marks and to our faithful and beloved William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) two thousand marks ... we ordain and set aside for the fulfilment of all and singular the premises the sum of ninety-one thousand marks, of which sixty-five thousand marks are in the keeping of Sir John Ikelyngton and twenty-four thousand marks in the hands and keeping of our dear nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25).
Of this our royal testament we nominate make and depute executors the venerable fathers in Christ Richard Mitford Bishop -1407, Edmund Stafford Bishop of Exeter 1344-1419 (55), Robert Tideman of Winchcombe Bishop -1401, Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409 and Guy Mone Aka Mohun Bishop of St David's -1407 ; our beloved brother Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26), our nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey 1374-1400 (25), our brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (47) and William Scrope 1st Earl Wiltshire 1350-1399 (49) to each of whom we bequeath a gold cup of the value of twenty pounds and our beloved and faithful clerks Master Richard Boteville Bishop of Bath and Wells, Bishop of Worcester, Bishop of London -1421 Keeper of our Privy Seal, Master Richard Maudeleyn, Master William Fereby and Master John Painter Ikelyngton clerks and John Lufwyk and William Serle laymen, to each of whom we will shall be paid their expenses and necessary costs while it shall happen that they or any of them are employed about the execution of our present last will, but according to the discretion of their said co-executors ...
Whom all and singular we have charged and charge that they shall do as much as in them is for the due execution and fulfilment of this our last will as they shall wish to answer before God. We create ordain depute and make overseers of this our will the reverend fathers in Christ Roger Walden Archbishop of Canterbury -1406 and Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (49), William bishop of Winchester and William abbot of the monastery of Westminster Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (26) our uncle and Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) our cousin.

Richard II's Third Trip to Ireland

In May 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) travelled to Ireland with Thomas Merke Bishop Carlisle -1409, Rhys ap Tudor Tudor -1412 and Gwilym ap Tudor Tudor.

On 24 Jul 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) landed in Wales.

Richard II Abdication

On 12 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) negotiated with Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) at Conwy Castle.

On 19 Aug 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) surrendered to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) at Flint Castle.

On 29 Sep 1399 Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) abdicated II King England: Plantagenet Angevin at Tower of London. Thomas Grey 1359-1400 (40), William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1370-1409 (29), Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell 1347-1420 (52) and Thomas Rempston -1406 were present.

On 30 Sep 1399 Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) became IV King England: Plantagenet Lancaster. He had usurped his cousin Richard II (32) and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March (7) who was descended from Edward III's second son Lionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.

Epiphany Rising

In Dec 1399 the Epiphany Rising was an attempt to restore Richard II King England 1367-1400 (32) to the throne replacing Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).

On 16 Jan 1400 [his half-brother] John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) was executed at Pleshy Castle. His son John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (4) succeeded 2nd Earl Huntingdon (4C 1388). He (48) was captured by Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex, Hereford and Northampton 1347-1419 (53) whose brother Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey, 11th Earl Arundel 1346-1397 John Holland had had executed three years before. She arranged for the children of her dead brother to witness the execution of John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (48) at Pleshy Castle; her primary seat.

Death of Richard II

On 14 Feb 1400 (exact date not known) King Richard II (33) died at Pontefract Castle, possibly murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.
On 17 Feb 1400 Richard's (33) corpse was displayed at Old St Paul's Cathedral
On 06 Mar 1400 Richard's (33) remains were buried at King's Langley Priory.

In 1406 Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (11) and [his former wife] Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 (16) were married (he was her first-cousin) at Compiègne, Oise. Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 (16) by marriage Duchess Orléans.

On 13 Sep 1409 [his former wife] Isabella Valois Queen Consort England 1389-1409 (19) died in childbirth.

In 1413 Richard II King England 1367-1400 was reburied at Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Chapels, Westminster Abbey.

Battle of Marston Moor

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 August. 17 Aug 1654. Passed through Pontefract; therichard castle famous for many sieges both of late and ancient times, and the death of that unhappy King murdered in it, was now demolishing by the Rebels; it stands on a mount, and makes a goodly show at a distance. The Queen (44) has a house here, and there are many fair seats near it, especially Mr. Pierrepont's (48), built at the foot of a hill out of the castle ruins. We all alighted in the highway to drink at a crystal spring, which they call Robin Hood's Well; near it, is a stone chair, and an iron ladle to drink out of, chained to the seat. We rode to Tadcaster, at the side of which we have prospect of the Archbishop's Palace (which is a noble seat), and in sight of divers other gentlemen's fair houses. This tract is a goodly, fertile, well-watered, and wooded country, abounding with pasture and plenty of provisions.
To York, the second city of England, fairly walled, of a circular form, watered by the brave River Ouse, bearing vessels of considerable burden on it; over it is a stone bridge emulating that of London, and built on; the middle arch is larger than any I have seen in England, with a wharf of hewn stone, which makes the river appear very neat. But most remarkable and worth seeing is St. Peter's Cathedral, which of all the great churches in England had been best preserved from the fury of the sacrilegious, by composition with the Rebels when they took the city, during the many incursions of Scotch and others. It is a most entire magnificent piece of Gothic architecture. The screen before the choir is of stone carved with flowers, running work and statues of the old kings. Many of the. Monuments are very ancient. Here, as a great rarity in these days and at this time, they showed me a Bible and Common Prayer Book covered with crimson velvet, and richly embossed with silver gilt; also a service for the altar of gilt wrought plate, flagons, basin, ewer, plates, chalices, patins, etc., with a gorgeous covering for the altar and pulpit, carefully preserved in the vestry, in the hollow wall whereof rises a plentiful spring of excellent water. I got up to the tower, whence we had a prospect toward Durham, and could see Ripon, part of Lancashire, the famous and fatal Marston Moor, the Spas of Knaresborough, and all the environs of that admirable country. Sir —— Ingoldsby has here a large house, gardens, and tennis court; also the King (24)'s house and church near the castle, which was modernly fortified with a palisade and bastions. The streets are narrow and ill-paved, the shops like London.

Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664 (35). Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (15).

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629.

Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Plantagenet

Descendants Family Trees:

John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Henry III King England 1207-1272

Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

King Edward III England

Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369

Royal Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 15 Grand Son of Æthelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 6 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd 1100-1170

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 12 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 7 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Grand Son of King Edward III England

Kings Scotland: Great x 7 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland 1031-1093

Kings Franks: Great x 6 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Great x 2 Grand Son of Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285

Royal Descendants

Ancestry

Father: Edward "Black Prince" Plantagenet Prince Wales 1330-1376 Son of King Edward III England

GrandFather: King Edward III England Son of King Edward II of England

Great GrandFather: King Edward II of England Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great x 2 GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandMother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246

Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

Great x 4 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon 1199-1252 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso IX King Leon 1171-1230

Great x 4 GrandMother: Berengaria Ivrea I Queen Castile 1179-1246 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan Dammartin Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon 1220-1279

Great x 4 GrandFather: Simon Dammartin 1180-1239

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Montgomery Count Ponthieu 1199-1250

Great GrandMother: Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Fair" IV King France 1268-1314 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 4 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 4 GrandMother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon 1215-1251

Great x 2 GrandMother: Joan Blois I Queen Navarre 1273-1305 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry I King Navarre 1244-1274 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Theobald IV King Navarre 1201-1253 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre

Great x 3 GrandMother: Blanche Capet Queen Navarre 1248-1302 2 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandFather: Robert Capet 1216- Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandMother: Matilda Reginar Count Saint-Pol 1224-1288 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

GrandMother: Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 5 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great GrandFather: William Hainault I Count Hainault, III Count Avesnes, III Count Holland, II Count Zeeland 1286-1337 4 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandFather: John Hainault II Count Hainault, II Count Holland 1247-1304 3 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Hainault I Count Hainault 1218-1257 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Bouchard Avesnes 1182-1244

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret II Countess Flanders 1202-1280 3 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Gerulfing Count Hainault 1230-1284 2 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: Floris Gerulfing IV Count Holland 1210-1234

Great x 4 GrandMother: Mathilde Reginar Count Holland, Count Palatine 1200-1267 Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 2 GrandMother: Philippa Luxemburg Count Hainault, Count Holland 1252-1311 5 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry "Great" Luxemburg V Count Luxemburg, III Count Namur 1216-1281

Great x 4 GrandFather: Waleran Luxemburg III Duke Limburg 1165-1226

Great x 4 GrandMother: Erminsende Namur Count Bar 1186-1247

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Bar Count Luxemburg, Count Namur 1220-1275 4 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Bar II Count Bar -1239 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Philippa Capet Count Bar 1192-1242

Great GrandMother: Joan Valois Count Zeeland, Count Holland, Count Avesnes, Count Hainault 1294-1342 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France 1248-1271

Great x 4 GrandFather: James I King Aragon 1208-1276

Great x 4 GrandMother: Violant Árpád Queen Consort Aragon 1215-1251

Great x 2 GrandMother: Margaret Capet Count Valois 1273-1299 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles II King Naples 1254-1309 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandFather: Charles King Sicily 1227-1285 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily 1231-1267

Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary of Hungary Queen Consort Naples 1257-1323

Great x 4 GrandFather: Stephen V of Hungary 1239-1272

Great x 4 GrandMother: Elizabeth Cuman

Mother: Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" Princess Wales 1328-1385 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

GrandFather: Edmund Plantagenet 1st Earl Kent 1301-1330 Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Great GrandFather: Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307 Son of Henry III King England 1207-1272

Great x 2 GrandFather: Henry III King England 1207-1272 Son of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216 Son of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189 Grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 GrandMother: Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England 1122-1204

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabella Angoulême Queen Consort England 1188-1246

Great x 4 GrandFather: Aymer Angoulême I Count Angoulême 1160-1202

Great x 4 GrandMother: Alice Courtenay Count Angoulême -1218

Great x 2 GrandMother: Eleanor Provence Queen Consort England 1223-1291

Great x 3 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

Great x 4 GrandFather: Alfonso Barcelona II Count Provence 1174-1209

Great x 4 GrandMother: Gersenda II Sabran Count Provence

Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 4 GrandFather: Thomas Savoy I Count Savoy 1178-1233

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Geneva Countess Savoy

Great GrandMother: Margaret of France Queen Consort England 1279-1318 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: Philip "Bold" III King France 1245-1285 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis IX King France 1214-1270 Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandFather: Louis "Lion" VIII King France 1187-1226 3 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France 1188-1252 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Margaret Provence Queen Consort France 1221-1295

Great x 4 GrandFather: Raymond Berenguer Provence IV Count Provence 1198-1245

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beatrice Savoy Count Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Maria Reginar Queen Consort France 1256-1321 3 x Great Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 3 GrandFather: Henry Reginar III Duke Brabant 1230-1261 2 x Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandFather: Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant 1207-1248 Great Grandson of Stephen I King England 1094-1154

Great x 4 GrandMother: Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant

Great x 3 GrandMother: Adelaide Burgundy Duchess Brabant 1233-1273 5 x Great Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandFather: Hugh Burgundy IV Duke Burgundy 1213-1272 4 x Great Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087

Great x 4 GrandMother: Yolande Capet Duchess Burgundy 1212-1248

GrandMother: Margaret Wake Countess Kent 1297-1349 3 x Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandFather: John Wake 1st Baron Wake Liddell 1268-1300 2 x Great Grandson of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 2 GrandFather: Baldwin Wake

Great x 2 GrandMother: Hawise Quincy Great Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 3 GrandFather: Robert Quincy -1257

Great x 4 GrandFather: Saer Quincy 1st Earl Winchester 1170-1219

Great x 4 GrandMother: Margaret Beaumont Countess Winchester

Great x 3 GrandMother: Elen ferch Llewellyn Aberffraw Countess Huntingdon, Countess Mar 1218-1253 Granddaughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great x 4 GrandFather: Llewellyn "The Great" Aberffraw 1172-1240

Great x 4 GrandMother: Joan Plantagenet 1191-1237 Daughter of John "Lackland" I King England 1166-1216

Great GrandMother: Joan Fiennes Baroness Wake Liddell -1309 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 2 GrandFather: William Fiennes 1245-1302

Great x 3 GrandFather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes 1210-1265

Great x 4 GrandFather: William Fiennes 1160-1240

Great x 4 GrandMother: Agnes Dammartin

Great x 3 GrandMother: Isabel Provence

Great x 2 GrandMother: Blanche Beaumont 1252-1302 3 x Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandFather: John Beaumont 1232- 2 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 4 GrandFather: John de Brienne I King Jerusalem 1170-1237

Great x 4 GrandMother: Beregaria Ivrea 1204-1237 Great Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189

Great x 3 GrandMother: Jeanne Chateaudun 1227-1252

Great x 4 GrandFather: Geoffrey Chateaudun VI Viscount Châteaudun -1250

Great x 4 GrandMother: Clemence Roches Count Blois