History of Hertfordshire

Aldenham

Around 1500 William Carey 1500-1528 was born to Thomas Carey 1455-1500 (45) and Margaret Spencer 1472-1536 (28) at Aldenham.

On 13 Jun 1631 Philip Carey 1580-1631 (51) died in Aldenham.

Aspenden

Around 1496 Edward Capell 1496-1577 was born to Giles Capell of Rayne Hall 1480-1556 (16) at Aspenden.

Bayford

On 04 May 1634 Catherine "Wicked Lady" Ferrers 1634-1660 was born to Knighton Ferrers 1607-1640 (27) in Bayford some two-weeks after he had died. Her grandfather died soon after leaving Catherine, less than one years old, as one of the greatest landholders in Herfordshire.

Around 1660 John Greenhill 1644-1676 (16). Portrait of Catherine "Wicked Lady" Ferrers 1634-1660 (25).

Berkhamsted

Around 1252 Richard Cornwall 1252-1296 was born illegitimately to Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (42) and Joan Valletort 1175-1271 (77) at Berkhamsted.

On 06 Jun 1768 Joseph Sydney Yorke 1768-1831 was born to Charles Yorke 1722-1770 (45) at Berkhamsted.

Berkhamsted Castle

On 17 Jan 1240 Nicholas Cornwall 1240-1240 was born to Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (31) and Isabel Marshal Countess Cornwall, Countess Gloucester, Countess Hertford 1200-1240 (39) at Berkhamsted Castle.

On 17 Jan 1240 Nicholas Cornwall 1240-1240 died at Berkhamsted Castle. He was buried with his mother at Beaulieu Abbey, Beaulieu.

On 09 Nov 1261 Sanchia Provence Queen Consort Germany 1228-1261 (33) died at Berkhamsted Castle.

On 02 Apr 1272 Richard Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall 1209-1272 (63) died at Berkhamsted Castle. He was buried at Hailes Abbey, Winchcombe. His son Edmund "Almain" Cornwall 2nd Earl Cornwall 1249-1300 (22) succeeded 2nd Earl Cornwall (4C 1225). Margaret Clare Countess Cornwall by marriage Countess Cornwall (4C 1225).

On 01 Apr 1495 Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (79) made her last will. It was proved 27 Aug 1495.
Source: A Selection From the Wills of Eminent Persons by Camden Society (Great Britain). Published 1838. Transcribed by John Gough Nichols and John Bruce.
IN the name of allmyghty God, the blessed Trinite, fader and son and the holigost, trusting in the meanes and mediacions of oure blessed Lady Moder, of oure most blessed Saviour Jh’u Crist, and by the intercession of holy Saint John Baptist, and all the saintes of heven: I, CECILLE, wife unto the right noble prince Richard late Duke of Yorke, fader unto the most cristen prince my Lord and son King Edward the iiij th , the first day of Aprill the yere of our Lord M.CCCC.lxxxxv. after the computacion of the Church of Englond, of hole mynde and body, loving therfore be it to Jh’u, make and ordeigne my testament in fourme and maner ensuyng.
Furst, I bequeath and surrendour my soule in to the mercifull handes of allmyghty God my maker, and in to protecion of the blessed yrgin our lady Saint Mary, and suffrage of Saint John Baptist, and of all other saintes of heven. Also my body to be buried beside the body of my moost entierly best beloved Lord and housbond, fader unto my said lorde and son, and in his tumbe within the collegiate church of Fodringhay, a if myn executours by the sufferaunce of the King (38) finde goode sufficient therto; and elles at the Kinges (38) pleasure. And I will that after my deceasse all my dettes sufficiently appering and proved be paid, thanking oure Lord at this tyme of making of this my testament to the knolege of my conscience I am not muche in dett; and if it happen, as I trust to God it shalnot, that there be not found sufficient money aswell to pay my dettes as to enture my body, than in advoiding such charges as myght growe for the same, the whiche God defende, I lymytte and assigne all such parcelles of plate as belongith to my chapell, pantry, cellour, ewry, and squillery, to the perfourmyng of the same, as apperith in the inventary, except such plate as I have bequeithed. Also I geve and bequeith to the Kinges noble grace all such money as is owing to me of the customes, and two cuppes of gold.
Also I geve and bequeith to the Quene (29) a crosse croslette of diamantes, a sawter with claspes of silver and guilte enameled covered with grene clothe of golde, and a pix with the fleshe of Saint Cristofer.
Also I bequeith to my lady the Kinges moder (51) a portuos with claspes of gold covered with blacke cloth of golde.
Also I geve to my lord Prince (8) a bedde of arres of the Whele of Fortune and testour of the same, a counterpoint of arras, and a tappett of arres with the pope.
Also I geve to my lord Henry Duke of Yorke (3) b three tappettes of arres, oon of them of the life of Saint John Baptist, another of Mary Maudeleyn, and the thirde of the passion of our Lord and Saint George.
And if my body be buried at Fodringhay in the colege there with my most entierly best beloved lord and housbond, than I geve to the said colege a square canapie of crymeson clothe of gold with iiij. staves, twoo auter clothes of crymeson clothe of gold, twoo copes of crymeson cloth of gold, a chesibull and twoo tenucles of cryinyson clothe of golcrvith iij. abes, c twoo auter clothes of crymeson damaske browdered, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, and iij. copes of blewe velwett brodered, with iij. abes, thre masse bokes, thre grayles, and vij. processioners.
Also I geve to the colege of Stoke Clare a chesibull and twoo tenucles of playn crymyson cloth of gold with iij. abes, twoo auter clothes, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, and fyve coopes of white damaske browdered, with iij. abes, twoo awter clothes of crymeson velwett upon the velwete (sic), a vestement of crymeson playne velvet, iiij. antiphoners, iiij. grayles, and sixe processioners.
Also I geve to the house of Sion two of the best coopes of crymyson clothe of gold.
Note. These next four people refer to her grand-daughters, children of Edward IV.
Also I geve to my doughter Brigitte (14) the boke of Legenda Aurea in velem, a boke of the life of Saint Kateryn of Sene, a boke of Saint Matilde.
Also I geve to my doughter Cecill (26) a portuous with claspes silver and gilte covered with purple velvet, and a grete portuous without note.
Also I geve to my doughter Anne (19) the largest bedde of bawdekyn, withe countrepoint of the same, the barge with bailies, tilde, and ores belonging to the same.
Also I geve to my doughter Kateryn (15) a traves of blewe satten.
Also I geve to my doughter of Suffolke (50) a the chare with the coveryng, all the quoshons, horses, and harneys belonging to the same, and all my palfreys.
Note. The next people are her grand-children, children of her daughter Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (50)
Also I geve to my son of Suffolke (24) b a clothe of estate and iij. quoschons of purpull damaske cloth of gold.
Also I geve to my son Humfrey (21) c two awter clothes of blewe damaske brawdered and a vestyment of crymeson satten for Jh’us masse.
Also I geve to my son William (17) d a traves of white sarcenet, twoo beddes of downe, and twoo bolsters to the same.
Also I geve to my doughter Anne priores of Sion, a boke of Bonaventure and Hilton in the same in Englishe, and a boke of the Revelacions of Saint Burgitte.
Also I woll that all my plate not bequeithed be sold, and the money thereof be putte to the use of my burying, that is to sey, in discharging of suche costes and expensis as shalbe for carying of my body from the castell of Barkehampstede unto the colege of Fodringhey. And if any of the said plate be lefte unexpended I woll the said colege have it.
Also I geve to the colege of saint Antonies in London an antiphoner with the ruelles of musik in the later ynd.
Also I geve unto Master Richard Lessy all suche money as is owing unto me by obligations what soever they be, and also all such money as is owing unto me by the Shirfe of Yorkeshire, to helpe to bere his charges which he has to pay to the Kinges grace, trusting he shall the rather nyghe the said dettes by the help and socour of his said grace.
Also I geve to Master William Croxston a chesibull, stoles, and fanons of blake velwett, with an abe.
Also I geve to Master Eichard Henmershe a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of crymyson damaske, with an abe; and a chesibill, stoles and fanons of crymeson saten, with an abe.
Also I geve to Sir John More a frontell of purpull cloth of gold, a legend boke, and a colett boke.
Also I give to Sir Kandall Brantingham a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of white damaske, orfreys of crymson velvet, with an abe, the better of bothe.
Also I geve to Sir William Grave a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of white damaske, orfreys of crymeson velvett, with an abe; a masse-boke that servith for the closett, a prymour with claspes silver and gilt, covered with blewe velvett, and a sawter that servith for the closett covered with white ledder.
Also I geve to Sir John Blotte a gospell boke, a pistill covered with ledder, and a case for a corporax of grene playne velvett. Also I geve to Sir Thomas Clerk a chesibill, twoo tenucles, stoles, fanons, of rede bawdeken, with iij. abes.
Also I geve to Sir William Tiler twoo coopes of rede bawdekyn.
Also I geve to Robert Claver iij. copes of white damaske brawdered, and a gowne of the Duchie b facion of playne blake velvett furred with ermyns.
Also I geve to John Bury twoo old copes of crymysyn satten cloth of gold, a frontell of white bawdekyn, twoo curteyns of rede sarcenett fringed, twoo curteyns of whit sarcenet fringed, a feder bed, a bolstour to the same, the best of feders, and two whit spervers of lynyn.
Also I geve to John Poule twoo auter clothes, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, stoles, and fanons of white bawdekyn, with iij. abes; a short gowne of purple playne velvett furred with ermyns, the better of ij. and a kirtill of damaske with andelettes of silver and gilt furred.
Also I geve to John Smyth twoo auter clothes, a chesibill, twoo tenucles, stoles, and fanons of blew bawdekyn, with iij. abes. Also I geve to John Bury twoo copes of crymysyn clothe of gold that servith for Sondays.
Also I geve to John Walter a case for corporax of purple playne velvett, twoo cases for corporax of blewe bawdekyn, twoo auter clothes, a chesibill of rede and grene bawdekyn, a canapie of white sarcenett, iij. abes for children, and iiij. pair of parrours of white bawdekyn, twoo pair parrours of crymsyn velvett, twoo pair parrours of rede bawdekyn, a housling towell that servith for my selfe, twoo corteyns of blewe sarcenett fringed, a sudory of crymy-syn and white, the egges blak, a crose cloth and a cloth of Saint John Baptist of sarcenett painted, a long lantorn, a dext standing doble, twoo grete stondardes and ij. litill cofers.
Also I geve to John Peit-wynne twoo vestimentes of white damaske, a white bedde of lynnyn, a federbedde and a bolstour, and a short gowne of purple playne velvet furred with sabilles. Also I geve to Thomas Lentall six auter clothes of white sarcenett, with crosses of crymsyn velvet.
Also I geve to John Long iij. peces of bawdekyn of the lengur sorte. Also I geve to Sir [John] Verney knighte and Margarett his wiffe a a crosse [of] silver and guilte and berall, and in the same a pece of the holy crosse and other diverse reliques.
Also I geve to Dame Jane Pesemershe, widue, myne Inne that is called the George in Grauntham, during terme of her life; and after her decesse I woll that the reversion therof be unto the college of Fodringhay for evermore, to find a prest to pray for my Lord my housbond and me.
Also I geve to Nicholas Talbott and Jane his wife a spone of gold with a sharp diamount in the ende, a dymy-sent of gold with a collumbine and a diamont in the same, a guirdill of blewe tissue harnessed with gold, a guirdill of gold with a bokull and a pendaunt and iiij. barres of gold, a hoke of gold with iij. roses, a pomeamber of gold garnesshed with a diamont, sex rubies and sex perles, and the surnap and towell to the same.
Also I geve to Richard Boyvile and Gresild his wife my charrett and the horses with the harnes that belongith therunto, a gowne with a dymy trayn of purpull saten furred with ermyns, a shorte gowne of purple saten furred with jennetes, a kirtill of white damaske with aunde lettes silver and gilte, a spone of gold, a dymysynt of gold with a columbyne garnesshed with a diainant, a saphour, an amatist, and viij. perles, a pomeamber of gold enameled, a litell boxe with a cover of gold and a diamant in the toppe.
Also I geve to Richard Brocas and Jane his wife a long gown of purpull velvett upon velvet furred with ermyns, a greate Agnus of gold with the Trinite, Saint Erasmus, and the Salutacion of our Lady; an Agnus of gold with our Lady and Saint Barbara; a litell goblett with a cover silver and part guild; a pair of bedes of white amber gauded with vj. grete stones of gold, part aneled, with a pair of bedes of x. stones of gold and v. of corall; a cofor with a rounde lidde bonde with iron, which the said Jane hath in her keping, and all other thinges that she hath in charge of keping.
Also I geve to Anne Pinchbeke all other myne Agnus unbequeithed, that is to sey, ten of the Trinite, a litell malmesey pott with a cover silver and parte guilte, a possenett with a cover of silver, a short gowne of playne russett velvett furred with sabilles, a short gowne of playne blewe velvett furred with sabilles, a short gowne of purple playn velvet furred with grey, a tester, a siler, and a countrepoint of bawdekyn, the lesser of ij.
Also I geve to Jane Lessy a dymysent of gold with a roos, garnisshed with twoo rubies, a guirdell of purple tissue with a broken bokull, and a broken pendaunt silver and guilte, a guirdill of white riband with twoo claspes of gold with a columbyne, a guirdell of blewe riband with a bokell and a pendaunt of gold, a litell pair of bedes of white amber gaudied with vij. stones of gold, an haliwater stope with a strynkkill silver and gilte, and a laier silver and part guilte.
Also I geve to John Metcalfe and Alice his wife all the ringes that I have, except such as hang by my bedes and Agnus, and also except my signet, a litell boxe of golde with a cover of golde, a pair of bedes of Ixj. rounde stones of golde gaudied with sex square stones of golde enemeled, with a crosse of golde, twoo other stones, and a scalop shele of geete honging by.
Also I geve to Anne Lownde a litell bokull and a litell pendaunt of golde for a guirdill, a litell guirdell of golde and silke with a bokill and a pendaunt of golde, a guirdell of white riband with aggelettes of golde enameled, a hoke of golde playne, a broken hoke of golde enameled, and a litell rounde bottumed basyn of silver.
Also I geve to the house of Asshe-rugge a chesibull and ij. tenucles of crymysyn damaske embrawdered, with thre abes.
Also I geve to the house of Saint Margaretes twoo auter clothes with a crucifix and a vestiment of grete velvet.
Also I geve to the parish church of Stoundon a coope of blewe bawdekyn, the orffreys embrawdered.
Also I geve to the parishe church of Much Barkehampstede a coope of blewe bawdekyn, the orffreys embrawdered.
Also I geve to the parish church of Compton by sides Guilford a eorporax case of blake cloth of gold and iiij. auter clothes of white sarcenett embrawdered with garters.
Also I geve to Alisaunder Cressener my best bedde of downe and a bolster to the same.
Also I geve to Sir Henry Haidon knyght a tablett and a cristall garnesshed with ix. stones and xxvij. perles, lacking a stone and iij. perles.
Also I geve to Gervase Cressy a long gown of playn blewe velvet furred with sabilles.
Also I geve to Edward Delahay twoo gownes of musterdevilers furred with mynckes, and iiij u of money.
Also I geve to Thomas Manory a short gowne of crymesyn playn velvet lyned, purfilled with blake velvet, and iiij ll in money.
Also I geve to John Broune all such stuf as belongith to the kechyn in his keping at my place at Baynardcastell in London, and iiij u in money.
Also I geve to William Whitington a short gown of russett cloth furred with matrons and calabour wombes, a kirtill of purpull silke chamblett with awndelettes silver and gilte, all such floures of brawdery werke and the cofer that they be kept in, and xls. in money.
Also I geve to all other gentilmen that be daily a waiting in my houshold with Mr. Richard Cressy and Robert Lichingham everich of theime iiij u in money.
Also I geve to every yoman that be daily ad waiting in my houshold with John Otley xls. in money.
Also I geve to every grome of myne xxvj s. viij d. in money. And to every page of myne xiij s. iiij d. in money.
Also I geve to Robert Harison xls. in money and all the gootes.
And if ther be no money founde in my cofers to perfourme this my will and bequest, than I will that myne executours, that is to sey the reverend fader in God Master Olyver King bisshop of Bath (63), Sir Reignolde Bray (55) knight, Sir Thomas Lovell, councellours to the Kinges grace, Master William Pikinham doctour in degrees dean of the colege of Stoke Clare, Master William Felde master of the colege of Fodringhey, and Master Richard Lessy dean of my chapell, havyng God in reverence and drede, unto whome I geve full power and auctorite to execute this my will and testament, make money of such goodes as I have not geven and bequeithed, and with the same to content my dettes and perfourme this my will and testament.
And the foresaid reverend fader in God, Sir Rignold Bray knyght, Sir Thomas Lovell knyght, Master William Pikenham, and Master William Felde, to be rewarded of suche thinges as shalbe delivered unto theme by my commaundement by the hondes of Sir Henry Haidon knyght stieward of my houshold and Master Richard Lessy, humbly beseching the Kinges habundant grace in whome is my singuler trust to name such supervisour as shalbe willing and favorabull diligently to se that this my present testament and will be perfittely executed and perfourmyd, gevyng full power also to my said executours to levey and receyve all my dettes due and owing unto me at the day of my dethe, as well of my receyvours as of all other officers, except such dettes as I have geven and bequeathed unto Master Richard Lessy aforesaid, as is above specified in this present will and testament.
And if that Master Richard Lessy cannot recover such money as I have geven to hym of the Shirffes of Yorkeshire and of my obligacions, than I will he be recompensed of the revenues of my landes to the sume of v c. marcs at the leest.
IN WITTENESSE HEROF I have setto my signet and signemanuell at my castell of Berkehamstede the last day of May the yere of our Lord abovesaid, being present Master Richard Lessy, Sir William Grant my confessour, Richard Brocas clerc of my kechyn, and Gervays Cressy. Proved at “Lamehithe” the 27 th day of August, A.D. 1495, and commission granted to Master Richard Lessy the executor in the said will mentioned to administer, &c. &c.

Around 1520 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1675 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Around 1500. Unknown Artist. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 (13).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Benington

On 28 Jan 1571 Anne Bourchier 7th Baroness Bourchier 1517-1571 (54) died at Benington. Her second-cousin once-removed Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 1541-1576 (29) succeeded 8th Baron Bourchier. Lettice Knollys Countess Essex 1543-1634 (27) by marriage Baroness Bourchier.

Around 1575 based on a work of 1572.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex 1541-1576 (33).

Bishop's Hatfield

Around Nov 1431 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 was born to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (31) and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (30) at Bishop's Hatfield.

St Elthreda's Church, Bishop's Hatfield

In 1798 Frances Mordaunt 1736-1798 (62) died. She was buried at St Elthreda's Church, Bishop's Hatfield.

Bishop's Stortford

In 1106 William Saye 1106-1144 was born at Bishop's Stortford.

On 17 Dec 1632 Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (54) died at Bishop's Stortford. His daughter Katherine Manners Duchess Buckingham 1602-1649 (30) succeeded 18th Baron Ros Helmsley. His brother George Manners 7th Earl Rutland 1580-1641 (52) succeeded 7th Earl Rutland (3C 1525). Frances Carey Countess Rutland by marriage Countess Rutland (3C 1525).

On 24 Apr 1648 Margaret Edgecombe 1560-1648 (88) died at Bishop's Stortford.

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 October. 3d October, 1654. Having dined here, we passed through Bishop Stortford, a pretty watered town, and so by London, late home to Sayes Court, after a journey of 700 miles, but for the variety an agreeable refreshment after my turmoil and building.

John Evelyn's Diary 1670 July. 23 Jul 1670. We returned from Burrow Green to London, staying some time at Audley End to see that fine palace. It is indeed a cheerful piece of Gothic building, or rather antico moderno, but placed in an obscure bottom. The cellars and galleries are very stately. It has a river by it, a pretty avenue of limes, and in a park.
This is in Saffron Walden parish, famous for that useful plant, with which all the country is covered.
Dining at Bishop Stortford, we came late to London.

Woodcock and Flatfoot Race at Newmarket

09 Oct 1671 - Use of the Term Miss. 09 Oct 1671 and 10 Oct 1671. I went, after evening service, to London, in order to a journey of refreshment with Mr. Treasurer (41), to Newmarket, where the King (41) then was, in his coach with six brave horses, which we changed thrice, first, at Bishop-Stortford, and last, at Chesterford; so, by night, we got to Newmarket, where Mr. Henry Jermain (35) (nephew to the Earl of St. Alban (66)) lodged me very civilly. We proceeded immediately to Court, the King (41) and all the English gallants being there at their autumnal sports. Supped at the Lord Chamberlain's; and, the next day, after dinner, I was on the heath, where I saw the great match run between Woodcock and Flatfoot, belonging to the King (41), and to Mr. Eliot, of the bedchamber, many thousands being spectators; a more signal race had not been run for many years.
This over, I went that night with Mr. Treasurer (41) to Euston, a palace of Lord Arlington's (53), where we found Monsieur Colbert (46) (the French Ambassador), and the famous new French Maid of Honor, Mademoiselle Querouaille (22), now coming to be in great favor with the King (41). Here was also the Countess of Sunderland (25), and several lords and ladies, who lodged in the house.
During my stay here with Lord Arlington (53), near a fortnight, his Majesty (41) came almost every second day with the Duke (37), who commonly returned to Newmarket, but the King (41) often lay here, during which time I had twice the honor to sit at dinner with him (41), with all freedom. It was universally reported that the fair lady —— [Note. Probably Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (22)], was bedded one of these nights, and the stocking flung, after the manner of a married bride; I acknowledge she was for the most part in her undress all day, and that there was fondness and toying with that young wanton; nay, it was said, I was at the former ceremony; but it is utterly false; I neither saw nor heard of any such thing while I was there, though I had been in her chamber, and all over that apartment late enough, and was myself observing all passages with much curiosity. However, it was with confidence believed she was first made a Miss, as they called these unhappy creatures, with solemnity at this time.
On Sunday, a young Cambridge divine preached an excellent sermon in the chapel, the King (41) and the Duke of York (37) being present.

Before 1723 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

In 1670 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (35). Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (20).

In 1673 Henri Gascar 1635-1701 (38). Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734 (23).

Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar 1635-1701. Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth 1649-1734.

John Evelyn's Diary 1677 September. 13th September 1677. My Lord's coach conveyed me to Bury, and thence baiting at Newmarket, stepping in at Audley-End to see that house again, I slept at Bishop-Stortford, and, the next day, home. I was accompanied in my journey by Major Fairfax, of a younger house of the Lord Fairfax, a soldier, a traveler, an excellent musician, a good-natured, well-bred gentleman.

Broxbourne

Around 1468 John Saye 1380-1468 (88) died at Broxbourne.

On 25 Sep 1473 Elizabeth Cheney 1422-1473 (51) died and was buried in Broxbourne.

On 04 Dec 1529 William Saye 1452-1529 (77) died at Broxbourne.

Sawbridge, Broxbourne

Around 1430 John Saye 1430-1478 was born to John Saye 1380-1468 (50) at Sawbridge, Broxbourne.

On 12 Apr 1478 John Saye 1430-1478 (48) died at Sawbridge, Broxbourne.

Cheshunt

In 1526 Honora Denny 1526- was born to Anthony Denny 1501-1549 (24) and Joan Champernowne 1512-1553 (13) at Cheshunt.

In 1528 Anne Denny 1528- was born to Anthony Denny 1501-1549 (26) and Joan Champernowne 1512-1553 (15) at Cheshunt.

In 1530 Mary Denny 1530- was born to Anthony Denny 1501-1549 (28) and Joan Champernowne 1512-1553 (17) at Cheshunt.

Around 1534 Douglas Denny 1534- was born to Anthony Denny 1501-1549 (32) and Joan Champernowne 1512-1553 (21) at Cheshunt.

In 1534 Anthony Denny 1534- was born to Anthony Denny 1501-1549 (32) and Joan Champernowne 1512-1553 (21) at Cheshunt.

In 1536 Charles Denny 1536- was born to Anthony Denny 1501-1549 (34) and Joan Champernowne 1512-1553 (23) at Cheshunt.

Around Nov 1538 John Carey 1491-1552 (47) and Joyce Denny 1506-1560 (32) were married at Cheshunt.

In 1540 Henry Denny 1540-1574 was born to Anthony Denny 1501-1549 (38) and Joan Champernowne 1512-1553 (27) at Cheshunt.

In 1547 Edward Denny 1547-1600 was born to Anthony Denny 1501-1549 (45) and Joan Champernowne 1512-1553 (34) at Cheshunt.

On 10 Sep 1549 Anthony Denny 1501-1549 (48) died at Cheshunt.

On Feb 1594 John Cheney 1550-1594 (44) died at Cheshunt.

On 30 Nov 1725 Edward Henry Calvert 1701-1730 (24) and Margaret Meynell were married at Cheshunt.

Cedars Park, Cheshunt

Theobalds House, Cedars Park, Cheshunt

On 06 Apr 1564 Bridget Vere Baroness Norreys Rycote 1564-1631 was born to Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604 (13) and Anne Cecil Countess Oxford 1556-1588 (7) at Theobalds House, Cedars Park, Cheshunt.

Around 1650 based on a work of 1575.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604.

On 02 Jul 1575 Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 was born to Edward Vere 17th Earl Oxford 1550-1604 (25) and Anne Cecil Countess Oxford 1556-1588 (18) at Theobalds House, Cedars Park, Cheshunt.

In 1615 Richard Newport 1st Baron Newport 1587-1651 (27) was knighted at Theobalds House, Cedars Park, Cheshunt.

On 19 Jul 1619 Richard Lumley 1st Viscount Lumley 1589-1663 (30) was knighted by James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (53) at Theobalds House, Cedars Park, Cheshunt.

On 01 Dec 1623 John Strode of Parnham 1561-1642 (62) was knighted at Theobalds House, Cedars Park, Cheshunt.

Death of James I

On 27 Mar 1625 James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (58) died at Theobalds House, Cedars Park, Cheshunt. His son Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (24) succeeded I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart.

On 09 Dec 1628 George Grimes 1605-1657 (23) was knighted at Theobalds House, Cedars Park, Cheshunt.

John Evelyn's Diary 1643 April. 15th April 1643. To Hatfield, and near the town of Hertford I went to see Sir J. Harrison's (53) house new built. Returning to London, I called to see his Majesty's house and gardens at Theobald's, since demolished by the rebels.

Theobalds Park, Cedars Park, Cheshunt

Temple House, Theobalds Park, Cedars Park, Cheshunt

On 02 Jul 1908 Henry Arthur Cadogan 1868-1908 (40) died of cancer at Temple House, Theobalds Park, Cedars Park, Cheshunt.

Chiltern Langley

Patent Rolls Edward IV 1461. 04 May 1461. Westminster. Grant for life to the king's (19) kinsman George (29), bishop of Exeter, from Easter last of the custody of the king's manor manor or lordship of Chiltern Langley, with mills, rents, vert and other profits, excepting 250 rabbits yearly for the king's hosehold, at a yearly rent of 50 marks 20d as formerly and 6s 8d besides; with acquittance of repairs and alloanc for any annuity granted out of the manor. By K (19).

Cottered

Essendon

Bedwell Park, Essendon

Flamstead

Before 1080 Raoul Tosny 1079-1126 was born to Raoul Tosny -1102 and Isabelle Montfort at Flamstead.

Around 1104 Roger Tosny 1104-1157 was born to Raoul Tosny 1079-1126 (24) and Alice Northumbria at Flamstead.

Around 1132 Ralph Tosny 1132-1162 was born to Roger Tosny 1104-1157 (28) and Ida aka Gertrude Hainault at Flamstead.

Around 1132 Roger Tosny 1132-1185 was born to Roger Tosny 1104-1157 (28) and Ida aka Gertrude Hainault at Flamstead.

On 29 Sep 1157 Roger Tosny 1104-1157 (53) died at Flamstead.

Around 1160 Roger Tosny IV Lord Flamstead 1160-1208 was born to Ralph Tosny 1132-1162 (28) and Margaret Beaumont at Flamstead.

Around 1162 Ralph Tosny 1132-1162 (30) died at Flamstead.

Around 1190 Ralph Tosny VI Lord Flamstead 1190-1239 was born to Roger Tosny IV Lord Flamstead 1160-1208 (30) and Constance Beaumont-Sarthe 1160-1225 (30) at Flamstead.

Around 1193 Joan Tosny 1193- was born to Roger Tosny IV Lord Flamstead 1160-1208 (33) and Constance Beaumont-Sarthe 1160-1225 (33) at Flamstead.

Around 1195 Roger Tosny 1195-1228 was born to Roger Tosny IV Lord Flamstead 1160-1208 (35) and Constance Beaumont-Sarthe 1160-1225 (35) at Flamstead.

Around 1197 Marguerite Tosny 1197-1246 was born to Roger Tosny IV Lord Flamstead 1160-1208 (37) and Constance Beaumont-Sarthe 1160-1225 (37) at Flamstead.

Around 1208 Roger Tosny IV Lord Flamstead 1160-1208 (48) died at Flamstead. His son Ralph Tosny VI Lord Flamstead 1190-1239 (18) succeeded VI Lord Flamstead.

On 29 Sep 1235 Roger Tosny 1235-1264 was born to Ralph Tosny VI Lord Flamstead 1190-1239 (45) and Petronilla Lacy 1201- at Flamstead.

Before 1239 Alice Tosny 1238- was born to Ralph Tosny VI Lord Flamstead 1190-1239 and Petronilla Lacy 1201- at Flamstead.

On 12 May 1264 Roger Tosny 1235-1264 (28) died at Flamstead.

On 26 Apr 1284 Alice Tosny Countess Warwick 1284-1325 was born to Ralph Tosny 1255-1295 (28) at Flamstead.

Furneux Pelham

Gorhambury

Around 1538 Nicholas Bacon 1510-1579 (27) was given the manors of Redgrave, Botesdale and Gislingham in Suffolk, and Gorhambury by Henry VIII (46).

On 08 Dec 1822 Francis Sylvester Grimston 1822-1865 was born to James Walter Grimston 1st Earl Verulam 1775-1845 (47) and Charlotte Jenkinson Countess Verulam -1863 at Gorhambury.

Old Gorhambury House, Gorhambury

From 1563 Nicholas Bacon 1510-1579 (52) had Old Gorhambury House, Gorhambury built in the Prodigy House style.

Great Gaddeston

Around 1580 Philip Carey 1580-1631 was born to Edward Carey 1540-1618 (40) and Catherine Knyvet Baroness Paget Beaudasert 1543-1622 (37) in Great Gaddeston.

Hatfield

In 1538 Henry Boteler 1538-1609 was born to John Boteler 1513-1576 (25) and Griselda Roche 1516-1581 (22) at Hatfield.

Hatfield House

John Evelyn's Diary 1643 March. 11th March 1643. I went to see my Lord of Salisbury's (51) Palace at Hatfield, where the most considerable rarity, besides the house (inferior to few then in England for its architecture), were the garden and vineyard, rarely well watered and planted. They also showed us the picture of Secretary Cecil, in Mosaic work, very well done by some Italian hand.
I must not forget what amazed us exceedingly in the night before, namely, a shining cloud in the air, in shape resembling a sword, the point reaching to the north; it was as bright as the moon, the rest of the sky being very serene. It began about eleven at night, and vanished not till above one, being seen by all the south of England. I made many journeys to and from London.

John Evelyn's Diary 1643 April. 15th April 1643. To Hatfield, and near the town of Hertford I went to see Sir J. Harrison's (53) house new built. Returning to London, I called to see his Majesty's house and gardens at Theobald's, since demolished by the rebels.

Hertford

07 Aug 1372. Letter XXV. Constance, Wife of John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster, to the Chancellor of England. 07 Aug 1372. 1372 the earliest date based on her marriage in 1371. Letter XXV. Constance (18), Wife of John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster, to the Chancellor of England.
From the Queen of Castile and Leon, Duchess of Lancaster.
Honoured sir.
We pray you lovingly that you will grant your letters for Friar Alvare, the bearer of these, to the prior of the friars-preachers of Oxford, that the said friar may be received there to be a student in the university of the said city, for love of me. And may our Lord ever have you, honoured sir, in his holy keeping.
Written at Hertford, the 7th day of August.

Balls Park, Hertford

John Evelyn's Diary 1643 April. 15th April 1643. To Hatfield, and near the town of Hertford I went to see Sir J. Harrison's (53) house new built. Returning to London, I called to see his Majesty's house and gardens at Theobald's, since demolished by the rebels.

On 28 Sep 1669 John Harrison 1590-1669 (79) died in Balls Park, Hertford.

Hertford Castle

Death of Isabella of France Queen Consort

On 22 Aug 1358 Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (63) died at Hertford Castle. She was buried in Christ Church Greyfriars.
The funeral was performed by Simon Islip Archbishop of Canterbury -1366. She was buried in the mantle she had worn at her wedding and at her request, Edward's heart, placed into a casket thirty years before, was interred with her. .

On 07 Sep 1362 Joan of the Tower Queen Consort Scotland 1321-1362 (41) died of plague at Hertford Castle. He was buried at Greyfriars Church, Farringdon Within.

On 31 Mar 1373 Catherine of Lancaster Queen Consort Castile 1373-1418 was born to John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (33) and Constance of Castile Duchess of Lancaster 1354-1394 (19) at Hertford Castle.

In 1554 John Mordaunt 2nd Baron Mordaunt 1508-1571 (46) was appointed Constable Hertford Castle.

Hitchin

Offley, Hitchin

On 18 Sep 1380 Thomas Hoo 1319-1380 (61) died at Offley, Hitchin.

Hoddesdon

Hunsdon

In 1516 Henry Howard 1516-1547 was born to Thomas Howard 3rd Duke Norfolk 1473-1554 (43) and Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk 1497-1558 (19) at Hunsdon.

Around 1575 based on a work of 1546.Unknown Artist. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547.

In 1546 Unknown Artist. Italian. Portrait of Henry Howard 1516-1547 (30) wearing his Garter Collar and Leg Garter. His right , his left .

On 09 Sep 1552 John Carey 1491-1552 (61) died at Hunsdon. He was buried at Hunsdon Church, Hunsdon.

In 1590 Ferdinando Carey 1590-1638 was born to Edmund Carey 1558-1637 (32) and Mary Crocker at Hunsdon.

On 17 Apr 1617 John Carey 3rd Baron Hunsdon 1550-1617 (67) died at Hunsdon. His son Henry Carey 1st Earl Dover 1580-1666 (37) succeeded 4th Baron Hunsdon. Judith Pelham Countess Dover by marriage Baroness Hunsdon.

On 13 Apr 1666 Henry Carey 1st Earl Dover 1580-1666 (86) died at Hunsdon. His son John Carey 2nd Earl Dover 1608-1677 (58) succeeded 2nd Earl Dover.

Hunsdon Church, Hunsdon

On 09 Sep 1552 John Carey 1491-1552 (61) died at Hunsdon. He was buried at Hunsdon Church, Hunsdon.

King's Langley

On 05 Jun 1341 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 was born to King Edward III England (28) and Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England 1314-1369 (26) at King's Langley.

Around 1373 Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 was born to Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (31) and Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 (18) at King's Langley.

On 01 Aug 1402 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke York 1341-1402 (61) died at King's Langley. His son Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (29) succeeded 2nd Duke York (1C 1385), 2nd Earl Cambridge (2C 1362). Philippa Mohun Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale, Duchess York 1367-1431 (35) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale (2C 1397).

In 1802 Captain John Platt Painter 1802- was born in King's Langley.

King's Langley Priory

Funeral of Piers Gaveston

On 02 Jan 1315 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 was buried at King's Langley Priory in a lavish ceremony some two and a half years after his murder. The ceremony was attended by King Edward II of England (30) and his wife Isabella Capet Queen Consort England 1295-1358 (20) as well as Humphrey Bohun 4th Earl Hereford, 3rd Earl Essex 1276-1322 (39), Aymer Valence 2nd Earl Pembroke 1275-1324 (40), Thomas of Brotherton 1st Earl Norfolk 1300-1338 (14), Bartholomew Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere 1275-1322 (39), Hugh Despencer 2nd Baron Despencer 1308-1349 (7) and his son Hugh "Younger" Despencer 1286-1326 (29).

In May 1385 Ralph Stafford 1367-1385 (18) was murdered by John Holland 1st Duke Exeter 1352-1400 (33). He was buried at King's Langley Priory.

On 13 Jan 1393 Isabella of Castile Duchess York 1355-1392 was buried at King's Langley Priory.

Death of Richard II

On 14 Feb 1400 (exact date not known) King Richard II (33) died at Pontefract Castle, possibly murdered, possibly starved to death, as a consequence of the Epiphany Rising.
On 17 Feb 1400 Richard's (33) corpse was displayed at Old St Paul's Cathedral
On 06 Mar 1400 Richard's (33) remains were buried at King's Langley Priory.

Little Gaddesden

On 26 Oct 1686 John Egerton 2nd Earl Bridgewater 1623-1686 (63) died. He was buried at Little Gaddesden. His son John Egerton 3rd Earl Bridgewater 1646-1701 (39) succeeded 3rd Earl Bridgewater (2C 1617). Jane Paulet Countess Bridgewater 1656-1716 (30) by marriage Countess Bridgewater (2C 1617).

On Apr 1687 Thomas Egerton 1679-1687 (7) burned to death in the fire which destroyed Bridgewater House. He was buried at Little Gaddesden.

On Apr 1687 Charles Egerton 1675-1687 (11) burned to death in the fire which destroyed Bridgewater House at Bridgwater House, Barbican. He was buried at Little Gaddesden.

On 19 Mar 1701 John Egerton 3rd Earl Bridgewater 1646-1701 (54) died. He was buried at Little Gaddesden. His son Scroop Egerton 1st Duke Bridgewater 1681-1744 (19) succeeded 4th Earl Bridgewater (2C 1617).

St. Peter and St. Paul Church, Little Gaddesden

Bridgewater Chapel, St. Peter and St Paul Church, Little Gaddesden

On 11 Feb 1829 Francis Henry Egerton 8th Earl Bridgewater 1756-1829 (72) died. He was buried at Bridgewater Chapel, St. Peter and St Paul Church, Little Gaddesden. Earl Bridgewater (2C 1617) extinct.

Little Hadham

On 29 May 1556 Giles Capell of Rayne Hall 1480-1556 (76) died at Little Hadham.

In 1557 Arthur Capell 1557-1632 was born to Henry Capell 1526-1588 (31) and Catherine Manners 1539-1547 (17) at Little Hadham.

On 14 Aug 1604 Margaret Grey 1559-1604 (45) died at Little Hadham.

On or Before 16 Sep 1630 Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715 was born to Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham 1608-1649 and Elizabeth Morrison Baroness Capell Hadham 1611- at Little Hadham.

On 11 Apr 1632 Arthur Capell 1557-1632 (75) died at Little Hadham.

Before 06 Mar 1638 Henry Capell 1st Baron Capell Tewkesbury 1638-1696 was born to Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham 1608-1649 and Elizabeth Morrison Baroness Capell Hadham 1611- at Little Hadham.

On 28 Jun 1648 Henry Seymour 1626-1654 (22) and Mary Capell Duchess Beaufort 1630-1715 (17) were married at Little Hadham.

Moor Park

On 03 May 1627 Edward Russell 3rd Earl Bedford 1572-1627 (54) died at Moor Park. His first-cousin Francis Russell 4th Earl Bedford 1593-1641 (34) succeeded 4th Earl Bedford (3C 1551). Catherine Brydges Countess Bedford 1580-1657 (47) by marriage Countess Bedford (3C 1551).

On 06 Jun 1762 George Anson 1697-1762 (65) died at Moor Park.

Much Hadham

On 06 Jan 1406 Roger Walden Archbishop of Canterbury -1406 died at Much Hadham.

In 1776 Anthony Hamilton Archdeacon 1739-1812 (37) became Rector of Much Hadham.

Much Hadham Palace, Much Hadham

Birth of Edmund Tudor

On 11 Jun 1430 Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 was born to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (30) and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (28) at Much Hadham Palace, Much Hadham (which belonged to the Bishops of London). There is speculation that the biological father was Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (24) with whom Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (28) was rumoured to have had an affair. Interesting, perhaps, that he was named Edmund rather than Owen. Interesting that he took the Royal Arms of England differenced. Also interesting that his younger brother was named Jasper; a Persian name meaning 'Keeper of the Treasure'.

Pelham Furneux

Around 1517 Grace Newport 1517-1549 was born to John Newport at Pelham Furneux.

Potter's Bar

St John's Church, Potter's Bar

Redbourn

On 21 Jul 1824 Claude Bowes-Lyon 13th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1824-1904 was born to Thomas George Lyon-Bowes 1801-1834 (23) and Charlotte Grimstead 1797-1881 (27) at Redbourn.

Rickmansworth

On 12 Jun 1661 Henry Carey 2nd Earl Monmouth 1596-1661 (65) died at Rickmansworth.

Royston

On 23 Oct 1613 Francis Seymour 1st Baron Seymour Trowbridge 1590-1664 (23) was knighted at Royston.

John Evelyn's Diary 1654 August. 31 Aug 1654. Through part of Huntingdonshire, we passed that town, fair and ancient, a river running by it. The country about it so abounds in wheat that, when any King of England passes through it, they have a custom to meet him with a hundred plows.
This evening, to Cambridge; and went first to St. John's College, well built of brick, and library, which I think is the fairest of that University. One Mr. Benlowes has given it all the ornaments of pietra commessa, whereof a table and one piece of perspective is very fine; other trifles there also be of no great value, besides a vast old song-book, or Service, and some fair manuscripts. There hangs in the library the picture of John Williams, Archbishop of York, sometime Lord Keeper, my kinsman, and their great benefactor.
Trinity College is said by some to be the fairest quadrangle of any university in Europe; but in truth is far inferior to that of Christ Church, in Oxford; the hall is ample and of stone, the fountain in the quadrangle is graceful, the chapel and library fair. There they showed us the prophetic manuscript of the famous Grebner, but the passage and emblem which they would apply to our late King, is manifestly relating to the Swedish; in truth, it seems to be a mere fantastic rhapsody, however the title may bespeak strange revelations. There is an office in manuscript with fine miniatures, and some other antiquities, given by the Countess of Richmond, mother of Henry VIII, and the before-mentioned Archbishop Williams, when Bishop of Lincoln. The library is pretty well stored. The Greek Professor had me into another large quadrangle cloistered and well built, and gave us a handsome collation in his own chamber.
Thence to Caius, and afterward to King's College, where I found the chapel altogether answered expectation, especially the roof, all of stone, which for the flatness of its laying and carving may, I conceive, vie with any in Christendom. The contignation of the roof (which I went upon), weight, and artificial joining of the stones is admirable. The lights are also very fair. In one aisle lies the famous Dr. Collins, so celebrated for his fluency in the Latin tongue. From this roof we could descry Ely, and the encampment of Sturbridge fair now beginning to set up their tents and booths; also Royston, Newmarket, etc., houses belonging to the King. The library is too narrow.
Clare-Hall is of a new and noble design, but not finished.
Peter-House, formerly under the government of my worthy friend, Dr. Joseph Cosin (59) [Note. Joseph appears to be a mistake for John?], Dean of Peterborough; a pretty neat college, having a delicate chapel. Next to Sidney, a fine college.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1499-1525 (10). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge, St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535 (40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Rushden

Rushton

St Albans

Around 1192 Joan Nouwell 1192-1236 was born to Geoffrey Nouwell at St Albans.

Eleanor Crosses

On 10 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 body rested at St Albans.

Peasant's Revolt

On 15 Jul 1381 John Ball 1338-1381 was hanged, drawn and quartered in St Albans in the presence of Richard II King England 1367-1400 (14).

Around Sep 1429 Richard Hankford 1397-1431 (32) was knighted at St Albans.

John Evelyn's Diary 1685 December. 16 Dec 1685. I accompanied my Lord Lieutenant as far as St. Alban's, there going out of towne with him neere 200 coaches of all the greate officers and nobilitie. The next morning taking leave, I return'd to London.

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 July. 03 Jul 1688. I went with Dr. Godolphin (39) and his brother Sir William (48) to St. Alban's, to see a library he would have bought of the widow of Dr. Cartwright [NOTE. Assume Cartwright a typo for Carter], late Archdeacon of St. Alban's, a very good collection of books, especially in divinity; he was to give £300 for them. Having seen the GREAT CHURCH, now newly repaired by a public contribution, we returned home.

Castle Inn, St Albans

Old Gorhambury House, St Albans

On 20 Feb 1579 Nicholas Bacon 1510-1579 (68) died at Old Gorhambury House, St Albans.

St Albans Cathedral

Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

On 20 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) was arrested on a charge of treason by John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (37), Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (44), Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (41), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (47) and Ralph Boteler 6th Baron Sudeley 1389-1473 (58).
On 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) died at Bury St Edmunds. He was possibly poisoned although more likely he died from a stroke. He was buried at St Albans Cathedral. His death left England with no heir to the throne in a direct line. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (35) became heir presumptive until the birth of Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 six years later.

After 22 May 1455 Thomas Clifford 8th Baron Clifford 1414-1455 was buried at St Albans Cathedral.

After 22 May 1455 Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland 1393-1455 was buried at St Albans Cathedral.

On 09 Aug 1683 Edward Carter Archdeacon -1688 was appointed Archdeacon St Albans.

John Evelyn's Diary 1688 July. 03 Jul 1688. I went with Dr. Godolphin (39) and his brother Sir William (48) to St. Alban's, to see a library he would have bought of the widow of Dr. Cartwright [NOTE. Assume Cartwright a typo for Carter], late Archdeacon of St. Alban's, a very good collection of books, especially in divinity; he was to give £300 for them. Having seen the GREAT CHURCH, now newly repaired by a public contribution, we returned home.

St Paul's Walden Bury

On 09 Apr 1626 Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St Alban 1561-1626 (65) died of pneumonia. He was buried at St Paul's Walden Bury.

On 22 Sep 1884 Patrick Bowes-Lyon 15th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1884-1949 was born to Claude Bowes-Lyon 14th Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne 1855-1944 (29) and Cecilia Nina Cavendish-Bentinck 1862-1938 (22) at St Paul's Walden Bury.

Sandridge

Around 1647 Frances Jennings 1647-1670 was born to Richard Jennings 1619-1668 (28) and Frances Thornhurst at Sandridge.

Standon

Church of St Mary the Virgin, Standon

On 08 Dec 1538 William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (43) died at Ware. He was buried at Church of St Mary the Virgin, Standon.

Three Rivers

Merchant Taylors School, Three Rivers

In 1571 Thomas Smythe 1558-1625 (13) was educated at the Merchant Taylors School, Three Rivers.

Throckmorton

Hyde Hall, Throckmorton

In 1528 Leonard Hyde 1528-1590 was born in Hyde Hall, Throckmorton.

Around 1554 Mary Hyde Baroness Hunsdon 1554-1627 was born to Leonard Hyde 1528-1590 (26) in Hyde Hall, Throckmorton.

Tring

On Apr 1637 Anne Dickens 1582-1637 (55) died at Tring.

On 19 Jan 1654 Amphilis Twigden 1609-1654 (45) died at Tring.

Waltham Cross

Eleanor Crosses

On 11 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England 1241-1290 body rested at Waltham Cross.

Ware

On 08 Dec 1538 William Coffin MP 1495-1538 (43) died at Ware. He was buried at Church of St Mary the Virgin, Standon.

Watford

In 1585 Richard Anderson 1585-1652 was born to Henry Anderson 1569-1605 (16) in Watford.

On 13 Feb 1585 William Russell 1st Baron Russel Thornhaugh 1560-1613 (25) and Elizabeth Long Baroness Russel Thornhaugh were married at Watford.

In 1598 Sarah Anderson 1598-1615 was born to Henry Anderson 1569-1605 (29) in Watford.

Cassiobury, Watford

On 23 Mar 1631 John Cooper 1st Baronet Cooper -1631 died at Cassiobury, Watford. He was buried in Wimborne St Giles Church, Wimborne St Giles.

Cassiobury House

John Evelyn's Diary 1680 April. 18th April 1680. On the earnest invitation of the Earl of Essex (49), I went with him to his house at Cashiobury, in Hertfordshire. It was on Sunday, but going early from his house in the square of St. James, we arrived by ten o'clock; this he thought too late to go to church, and we had prayers in his chapel. The house is new, a plain fabric, built by my friend, Mr. Hugh May (58). There are divers fair and good rooms, and excellent carving by Gibbons, especially the chimney-piece of the library. There is in the porch, or entrance, a painting by Verrio, of Apollo and the Liberal Arts. One room pargeted with yew, which I liked well. Some of the chimney mantels are of Irish marble, brought by my Lord from Ireland, when he was Lord-Lieutenant, and not much inferior to Italian. The tympanum, or gable, at the front is a bass-relievo of Diana hunting, cut in Portland stone, handsomely enough. I do not approve of the middle doors being round: but, when the hall is finished as designed, it being an oval with a cupola, together with the other wing, it will be a very noble palace. The library is large, and very nobly furnished, and all the books are richly bound and gilded; but there are no MSS., except the Parliament Rolls and Journals, the transcribing and binding of which cost him, as he assured me, £500.
No man has been more industrious than this noble Lord in planting about his seat, adorned with walks, ponds, and other rural elegancies; but the soil is stony, churlish, and uneven, nor is the water near enough to the house, though a very swift and clear stream runs within a flight-shot from it in the valley, which may fitly be called Coldbrook, it being indeed excessively cold, yet producing fair trouts. It is a pity the house was not situated to more advantage: but it seems it was built just where the old one was, which I believe he only meant to repair; this leads men into irremediable errors, and saves but a little.
The land about is exceedingly addicted to wood, but the coldness of the place hinders the growth. Black cherry trees prosper even to considerable timber, some being eighty feet long; they make also very handsome avenues. There is a pretty oval at the end of a fair walk, set about with treble rows of Spanish chestnut trees.
The gardens are very rare, and cannot be otherwise, having so skillful an artist to govern them as Mr. Cooke, who is, as to the mechanic part, not ignorant in mathematics, and pretends to astrology. There is an excellent collection of the choicest fruit.
As for my Lord, he is a sober, wise, judicious, and pondering person, not illiterate beyond the rate of most noblemen in this age, very well versed in English history and affairs, industrious, frugal, methodical, and every way accomplished. His Lady (44) (being sister of the late Earl of Northumberland) is a wise, yet somewhat melancholy woman, setting her heart too much on the little lady, her daughter (6), of whom she is over fond. They have a hopeful son (9) at the Academy.
My Lord was not long since come from his Lord-Lieutenancy of Ireland, where he showed his abilities in administration and government, as well as prudence in considerably augmenting his estate without reproach. He had been Ambassador-extraordinary in Denmark, and, in a word, such a person as became the son of that worthy hero his father to be, the late Lord Capel, who lost his life for King Charles I.
We spent our time in the mornings in walking, or riding, and contriving [alterations], and the afternoons in the library, so as I passed my time for three or four days with much satisfaction. He was pleased in conversation to impart to me divers particulars of state, relating to the present times. He being no great friend to the D—— [Note. Probably Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (39)] was now laid aside, his integrity and abilities being not so suitable in this conjuncture. 21st. I returned to London.

Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 (45). Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (23) and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824-1915 Chapter V: Country House Visits. My last recollection of Cassiobury was in 1849, when I stayed there after the announcement of my engagement to the Count Montemolin (30). The great Lord Brougham (70) was included in the house-party, and one day when he was walking in the gardens, talking about my approaching marriage, he suddenly dropped on one knee, and taking my hand, kissed it, saying as he did so, " Let me be the first to kiss your hand as future Queen of Spain."
This somewhat theatrical behaviour was exactly what Lord Brougham (70) delighted in. He was a very ugly man, and like most ugly people he was very vain. He was a wonderful speaker, and few cared to provoke his powers of sarcasm ; Hazlitt describes him as "a man of inordinate ambition and little heart" ; but he certainly possessed some heart, for he adored his daughter Eleanor, who died at Cannes when she was only nineteen. The poor girl was an invalid all her short life, and her father resided at Cannes solely on her account. He built the Villa Eleanor for her, and until Lord Brougham's death her bedroom was always known as "Eleanor's room," and kept exactly as it had been when she occupied it.
The Villa is now an hotel, and Cannes is very different to what it was when Lord Brougham settled there. He told me that the town had only one hotel and one street when he first saw it.
Eleanor Brougham's body was brought to England, and she was buried in the small graveyard which belongs to Lincoln's Inn Chapel. I do not think any other woman has ever been interred there. The Marquis of Wellesley wrote her epitaph, and I believe it is a very beautiful and touching one.

My Recollections by Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan 1824-1915 Chapter V: Country House Visits. We spent many week-ends at Cassiobury with Lord and Lady Essex [Note. presumed to refer to before 1838 when Lady Essex died?], and as it is only seventeen miles from London, we found it most accessible, and used to go there in the winter as well as the summer.
Cassiobury was the scene of a practical joke which originated with Henry Blackwood, who was staying there one summer. Some very self-important young men had been invited for the week-end, and Henry Blackwood thought it would be great fun to enact the part of highwaymen and stop their travelling-carriage as they were driving through the lonely park. He enlisted two other kindred spirits to help him, and, of course, the whole house-party was in the secret.
We were all full of conjectures as to how these young bloods would face the highway-men. They would naturally be startled, we thought, but as they were (according to themselves) such ultra-superior people, we could not imagine them behaving, even under such conditions, in any other than an ultra-superior way. The eventful evening was fine and dark, and we all went to the place destined for the scene of the robbery, and hid under cover, patiently waiting for the fun to begin. Henry Blackwood and his friends were disguised beyond recognition, and did indeed look desperadoes of the road.
At last the faint noise of wheels in the distance was heard, and as they drew nearer we were breathless with expectation. The travelling-carriage was dimly discernible — it approached — Henry Blackwood rushed forward to the horses' heads, while his friends told the trembling post-boys to drive on at their peril. Needless to say the carriage was at once brought to a standstill, one highwayman stood by the two horses, and Henry Blackwood went to the carriage door and told the occupants to alight, and hand over their valuables.
We thought that the crucial momen had arrived for our superior friends to assert themselves, but we were speedily disillusioned, for the young men, who were giving vent to a series of frightened squeaks, were terrified out of their wits. " Spare our lives," they cried in an imploring chorus, " and you can take everything we have!" "Spare our lives," they kept on repeating as they handed over their money, watches and jewellery to the merciless Henry. At last, half dead with fear, they were allowed to enter the carriage, which was driven away as though pursued by the devil.
When we emerged from our hiding-place and saw the booty, we were highly amused, and, I may say, very disgusted at the cowardice shown by the superior young men. It was a difficult task to enact the part of sympathetic listeners later in the evening, and hear a very much embroidered account of the dozens of highwaymen who infested the Park, armed to the teeth and apparently villains of the deepest dye.
The feelings of the young cowards can be easily imagined when next morning, at breakfast, Henry Blackwood returned them their belongings "with the compliments of the high-waymen," and the suppressed laughter which greeted the announcement made them feel very small indeed. They left later in the day, but the story got about, and they never felt so superior afterwards.

1816. Charles Turner Painter 1774-1857 (41). Mezzotint. Portrait of Sarah Bazett Countess Essex 1759-1838 (56).

The Grove, Watford

Close Rolls Edward II 1307-1313. 16 Jan 1310 King Edward II of England (25). The Grove, Watford. To the Treasurer and the Barons of the Exchequer. Order to discharge the Abbot of Hayles of 100l.yearly, the rent of the manor of Lychelad, as the King granted it to Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (26) and Margaret his wife.
To the same. Order to discharge the men of Wallingford of the ferm of that town from August 5 last, to Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall 1284-1312 (26) and Margaret his wife.

On 02 Oct 1914 Edward Villiers 5th Earl Clarendon 1846-1914 (68) died at The Grove, Watford. His son George Herbert Hyde Villiers 6th Earl Clarendon 1877-1955 (37) succeeded 6th Earl Clarendon (2C 1776).

Whatton on Stone

In 1513 John Boteler 1513-1576 was born to Philip Boteler 1492-1545 (20) and Elizabeth Drury -1574 at Whatton on Stone.

Wheathampstead

Before 1420 John Wheathampstead Abbot St Albans 1419-1465 was born in Wheathampstead.

St Helen's Church, Wheathampstead

On 07 May 1625 John Garrard Lord Mayor 1546-1625 (79) died. He was buried in St Helen's Church, Wheathampstead.

In 1618 Daniel Mijtens Painter 1590-1648 (28). Portrait of John Garrard Lord Mayor 1546-1625 (72).

Wormley

On 21 Jan 1772 Amelia Hume Baroness Farnborough 1772-1837 was born to Abraham Hume 1749-1838 (22) and Amelia Egerton 1751-1809 (20) at Wormley.

Wymondley

In 1292 Lora Vere 1232-1292 (60) died at Wymondley.