Twenty Trees

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History of New College

New College is in Oxford University, Oxford

1664 Transit of Mercury

John Francis Arundell 16th Baron Arundel Wardour 1907-1944 educated at New College.

In 1379 William of Wykeham Chancellor Bishop Winchester 1320-1404 (59) founded New College.

In 1449 John Russell Bishop of Rochester, Bishop of Lincoln -1494 educated at New College.

On Jul 1588 Arthur Lake Bishop of Bath and Wells 1569-1626 (18) was educated at New College.

In 1593 Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 (8) educated at New College.

Before 1609 Arthur Lake Bishop of Bath and Wells 1569-1626 was awarded as Doctor of Divinty at New College.

1664 Transit of Mercury

John Evelyn's Diary 1664 October. 24th October, 1664. We dined at Sir Timothy Tyrill's (47) at Shotover. This gentleman married the daughter and heir (45) of Dr. James Usher, Archbishop of Armagh, that learned prelate. There is here in the grove a fountain of the coldest water I ever felt, and very clear. His plantation of oaks and other timber is very commendable. We went in the evening to Oxford, lay at Dr. Hyde's (47), principal of Magdalen-Hall (related to the Lord Chancellor (55)), brother to the Lord Chief Justice (69) and that Sir Henry Hyde, who lost his head for his loyalty. We were handsomely entertained two days. The Vice-Chancellor, who with Dr. Fell, Dean of Christ Church, the learned Dr. Barlow, Warden of Queen's, and several heads of houses, came to visit Lord Cornbury (his father (55) being now Chancellor of the University), and next day invited us all to dinner. I went to visit Mr. Boyle (37) (now here), whom I found with Dr. Wallis and Dr. Christopher Wren, in the tower of the schools, with an inverted tube, or telescope, observing the discus of the sun for the passing of Mercury that day before it; but the latitude was so great that nothing appeared; so we went to see the rarities in the library, where the keepers showed me my name among the benefactors. They have a cabinet of some medals, and pictures of the muscular parts of man's body. Thence, to the new theater, now building at an exceeding and royal expense by the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury [Sheldon (66)], to keep the Acts in for the future, till now being in St. Mary's Church. The foundation had been newly laid, and the whole designed by that incomparable genius my worthy friend, Dr. Christopher Wren, who showed me the model, not disdaining my advice in some particulars. Thence, to see the picture on the wall over the altar of All Souls, being the largest piece of fresco painting (or rather in imitation of it, for it is in oil of turpentine) in England, not ill designed by the hand of one Fuller; yet I fear it will not hold long. It seems too full of nakeds for a chapel.
Thence, to New College, and the painting of Magdalen chapel, which is on blue cloth in chiar oscuro, by one Greenborow, being a Cœna Domini, and a "Last Judgment" on the wall by Fuller, as in the other, but somewhat varied.
Next to Wadham, and the Physic Garden, where were two large locust trees, and as many platani (plane trees), and some rare plants under the culture of old Bobart.

Around 1681 James Brydges 1st Duke Chandos 1673-1744 (7) educated at New College.

Before 1690. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of Mary Lake 1668-1712. Frequently described as 'Mary Lake Duchess of Chandos' Mary died two years before her husband James Brydges 1st Duke Chandos 1673-1744 was created Duke on 19 Oct 1714.

On 24 Apr 1714 Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans 1696-1751 (18) was educated at New College.

In 1742 Walter Shirley 1725-1786 (16) was educated at New College.

In 1746 Walter Shirley 1725-1786 (20) was awarded as Bachelor of Arts at New College.

Around 1880 Walter Shirley 11th Earl Ferrers 1864-1937 (15) educated at New College.

In 1919 Roger Grey 10th Earl Stamford, 6th Earl Warrington 1896-1976 (22) educated at New College.