1603-1610 James I

The Entertainment at Althorp

On 25 Jun 1603 the Ben Johnson Playwright 1572-1637 Masque the The Entertainment at Althorp was performed at Althorp House, Daventry to welcome the new Royal Family on their journey from Edinburgh to London following the death of Queen Elizabeth. The performance was attended by Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (28) and her son Henry Frederick Stewart Prince Wales 1594-1612 (9).

After 07 Feb 1612 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia 1596-1662. Elizabeth's standing collar of reticella is worked with the Royal coat of arms with its lion and unicorn supporters. She wears a gown of Italian silk brocade. The black armband is thought to be a sign of mourning for her brother Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales who died on 07 Feb 1612.

Coronation of James I

James 1st Crowned

On 25 Jul 1603 James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland: Stewart at Westminster Abbey.
Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (67) was appointed Lord High Steward.
Robert Chichester 1578-1627 (25) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Francis Fane 1st Earl Westmoreland 1580-1629 (23) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
William Pope 1st Earl Downe 1573-1631 (29), Gervase Clifton 1st Baronet Clifton 1587-1666 (15), Thomas Berkeley 1575-1611 (28), Edward Montagu 1st Baron Montagu 1563-1644 (40) and William Herbert 1st Baron Powis 1573-1655 (30) were appointed Knight of the Bath. .

On 27 Jul 1603 William Wrey 1st Baronet Wrey -1636 was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

On 30 Jul 1603 Richard Preston 1st Earl Desmond was knighted at Whitehall Palace.

Main and Bye Plot

In Jul 1603 the Main and Bye Plot led by Henry Brooke 11th Baron Cobham 1564-1618 (38) and Thomas Grey 15th Baron Grey Wilton 1576-1614 (27) sought to replace James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (37) with Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (28)
Thomas Grey 15th Baron Grey Wilton 1576-1614 (27) was sentenced to death, attainted, and imprisoned in the Tower of London.

On 19 Jul 1603 Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (49) arrested for his part in the Main and Bye Plot.

In 1585 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (31).

In 1588 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Walter Raleigh 1554-1618 (34).

On 05 Dec 1603 George Brooke 1568-1603 (35) was executed for his part in the Main and Bye Plot.

Treaty of London

Around 1604 John Critz Painter 1551-1642 (53) is believed to have contributed to the Somerset House Conference painting of the negotiation of the Treaty of London in which Thomas Sackville 1st Earl Dorset 1536-1608 (68), Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham 1536-1624 (68), Charles Blount 1st Earl Devonshire 1563-1606 (41), Henry Howard 1st Earl of Northampton 1540-1614 (63) and Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (40) are represented on the right side.

On 18 Aug 1604 the Treaty of London was signed concluding the nineteen-year Anglo-Spanish War. The treaty restored the 'Status quo' between the two nations. The negotiations probably took place at Somerset House in Westminster and are sometimes known as the Somerset House Conference.

New Years Honours

On 04 Jan 1605 Charles I King England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (4) was appointed Knight of the Bath.
Francis Manners 6th Earl Rutland 1578-1632 (27) was appointed Knight of the Bath.

Masque of Blackness

On 06 Jan 1605, Twelfth Night, the Ben Johnson Playwright 1572-1637 Masque of Blackness was performed at the Banqueting House. The performers included:
Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (30)
Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford 1580-1627 (25)
Lady Herbert
Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (29)
Penelope Devereux Countess Devonshire 1563-1607 (42)
Catherine Knyvet Countess Suffolk 1564-1638 (41)
Frances Knyvet 1566-1605 (39)
Katherine Carey Countess Nottingham 1550-1603
Elizabeth Howard Countess Banbury 1583-1658 (22)
Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (17)
Mary Sidney 1587-1653 (18)
Audrey Shelton 1568-1624.

Christening of Princess Mary Stuart

On 02 May 1605 John Stanhope 1st Baron Stanhope 1549-1621 (56) was created 1st Baron Stanhope of Harrington. Margaret Macwilliams Baroness Stanhope by marriage Baroness Stanhope of Harrington.

On 04 May 1605 Thomas Arundell 1st Baron Arundel Wardour 1560-1639 (45) was created 1st Baron Arundel Wardour in Wiltshire. Mary Wriothesley Baroness Arundel Wardour by marriage Baroness Arundel Wardour in Wiltshire.

On 05 May 1605 Princess Mary Stewart 1605-1607 was christened at the Palace of Placentia. Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (29) carried the child. The infant's clothing, a train of purple velvet, embroidered with gold and furred with Ermines, was supported by two countesses, being so long that it fell to the ground. Richard Bancroft Archibishop Canterbury 1544-1610 (60) performed the christening. The Queen's (30) brother Prince Ulrik Oldenburg 1578-1624 (26), the King's (38) first cousin Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (30) and Dorothy Devereux Countess Northumberland 1564-1619 (41) were godparents. The King (38) presented Queen Anne (30) (who was not present) with new jewelry.

Gunpowder Plot

On 19 Oct 1592 Anthony-Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 (18) inherited Cowdray House, Cowdray, Midhurst. During his tenure Guy Fawkes was briefly employed as a footman and, as a consequence, Anthony-Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 (18) was briefly imprisoned for complicity in the Gunpowder Plot.

Around Oct 1605 Edward Stourton 10th Baron Stourton 1555-1633 (50) was imprisoned in the Tower of London for having received a letter from his cousin and brother-in-law Francis Tresham -1605 telling him not to attend Parliament. Nothing was proved against Edward and it emerged that several other Catholic peers had received similar warnings. He was released without charge.

In Oct 1605 the Gunpowder Plot sought to blow up Parliament, with James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (39) and his MPs. The conspirators included Robert Catesby 1572-1605 (33), Anthony-Maria Browne 2nd Viscount Montague 1574-1629 (31) and Edward Stourton 10th Baron Stourton 1555-1633 (50).

On 26 Oct 1605 William Parker 4th Baron Monteagle, 14th Baron Marshal, 13th Baron Morley 1575-1622 (30) received a letter warning of the Gunpowder Plot and showed it to Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury 1563-1612 (42) who then showed it to the King at Hoxton, Hackney. .

On 04 Nov 1605 William Parker 4th Baron Monteagle, 14th Baron Marshal, 13th Baron Morley 1575-1622 (30) searched the basement with Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (44) and discovered the gunpowder and explosives at Westminster Palace. .

In 1598 Unknown Artist. Portrait of Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk 1561-1626 (36).

On 08 Nov 1605 Robert Catesby 1572-1605 (33) was killed at Holbeche House, Kingswinford. .

On 30 Jan 1606 at Old St Paul's Cathedral Churchyard Everard Digby 1578-1606 (28) and Robert Wintour 1568-1606 were hanged, drawn and quartered.

On 31 Jan 1606 at Old St Paul's Cathedral Churchyard Thomas Wintour 1571-1606 (35) and Guy Fawkes 1570-1606 were hanged, drawn and quartered.

On 07 Apr 1606 Humphrey Lyttelton 1562-1606 (44) was hanged, drawn and quartered at Red Hill, Worcester for his involvement in the Gunpowder Plot.

John Evelyn's Diary 1678 November. 5th November, 1678. Dr. Tillotson (48) preached before the Commons at St. Margaret's. He said the Papists were now arrived at that impudence, as to deny that there ever was any such as the gunpowder-conspiracy; but he affirmed that he himself had several letters written by Sir Everard Digby (one of the traitors), in which he gloried that he was to suffer for it; and that it was so contrived, that of the Papists not above two or three should have been blown up, and they, such as were not worth saving..

Bristol Channel Floods

On 30 Jan 1607 around midday the Bristol Channel suffered from unexpectedly high floodings that broke the coastal defences in several places devastings significant areas of South-Wales and Somerset. It is estimated that 2,000 or more people were drowned, houses and villages were swept away, an estimated 200 square miles (51,800 ha) of farmland inundated, and livestock destroyed,[2] wrecking the local economy along the coasts of the Bristol Channel and Severn Estuary. The coast of Devon and the Somerset Levels as far inland as Glastonbury Tor, 14 miles (23 km) from the coast, were also affected. The sea wall at Burnham-on-Sea gave way,[3] and the water flowed over the low-lying levels and moors.

Masque of Beauty

On 10 Jan 1608 the Ben Johnson Playwright 1572-1637 Masque of Beauty was performed at the Banqueting House to celebrate the completion of its refurburbishment. James I King England and Ireland VI King Scotland 1566-1625 (41) attended.
The performers included:
Anne of Denmark Queen Consort Scotland, England and Ireland 1574-1619 (33)
Alethea Talbot Countess Arundel (23)
Catherine Brydges Countess Bedford 1580-1657 (28)
Elizabeth Vere Countess Derby 1575-1627 (32)
Susan Vere Countess Montgomery 1587-1628 (20)
Lettice Perrot Baroness Chichester 1560-1620 (48)
Audrey Shelton 1568-1624
Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor 1575-1654 (33)
Anne Clifford Countess Dorset, Countess Pembroke 1590-1676 (17)
Elizabeth Barkham Baronetess Garrard 1593-1632 (15)
Elizabeth Somerset 1590-1625 (18)
Elizabeth Cecil 1578-1646 (30)
Mary Neville 7th Baroness Bergavenny, 3rd Baroness Despencer 1554-1626 (54)
Catherine Somerset Baroness Windsor 1575-1654 (33)
Arbella Stewart 1575-1615 (33).

Masque of The Hue and Cry After Cupid

On 09 Feb 1608 John Ramsay 1st Earl Holderness 1580-1626 (28) and Elizabeth Radclyffe -1618 were married at Whitehall Palace. James I (41) gave the bride away and sent the bride a gold cup containing a grant of lands worth an income of £600 per year, also paid off Ramsay's debts of £10,000.
The marriage was celebrated with the Masque of The Hue and Cry After Cupid in the evening of 09 Feb 1608 at the Banqueting House written by Ben Johnson Playwright 1572-1637
The principal masquers, nobles and gentlemen of the Court, appeared in the guise of the twelve signs of the Zodiac; the men, five English and seven Scottish courtiers, were:
Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke Lennox, 1st Duke Richmond 1574-1624 (33)
Thomas Howard 21st Earl Arundel, 4th Earl Surrey, 1st Earl Norfolk 1585-1646 (22)
Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke, 1st Earl Montgomery 1584-1650 (23)
William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke 1580-1630 (27)
Esmé Stewart 3rd Duke Lennox 1579-1624 (29)
Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk 1582-1640 (25)
James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle 1580-1636 (28)
Robert Crichton 8th Lord Sanquhar -1612
John Kennedy, Master of Mar
Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick 1587-1658 (20)
Mr Erskine.

1624. Unknown Artist. Portrait of James Hay 1st Earl Carlisle 1580-1636 (44).

Death of Bess of Hardwick

On 13 Feb 1608 Bess of Hardwick Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford 1527-1608 (81) died. She was buried in Derby Cathedral, Derby. Henry Cavendish 1550-1616 (57) inherited Chatsworth House, Chatsworth.

1592. Rowland Lockey Painter 1565-1616 (27). Portrait of Bess of Hardwick Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford 1527-1608 (65).