Biography of Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503

1415 Southampton Plot

1450 Murder of William de la Pole

1460 Act of Accord 39 Hen VI

1460 Battle of Wakefield

1461 Coronation of Edward IV

1464 Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

1469 Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville

1471 Edward V created Prince of Wales

1472 Marriage of Richard Duke of Gloucester and Anne Neville

1477 Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

1478 Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

1478 Execution of George Duke of Clarence

1483 Death of Edward IV

1483 Coronation of Richard III

1483 Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower

1483 Edward of Middleham created Prince of Wales

1484 Death of King Richard III's Heir

1485 Battle of Bosworth

1486 Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

1487 Battle of Stoke Field

1495 Edward IV's Daughter's Marriages

1499 Trial and Execution of Perkin Warbreck and Edward Earl of Warwick

After 21 Sep 1411 [her grandmother] Anne Mortimer 1390-1411 died from childbirth. Her son Richard 3rd Duke York succeeded Heir to the Throne of England, 8th Earl Ulster.

Southampton Plot

On 05 Aug 1415 two executions of those involved in the Southampton Plot took place at the North Gate aka Bargate:

[her grandfather] Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) was beheaded. His son Richard 3rd Duke York (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.

Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42) was beheaded. His brother John Scrope 4th Baron Scrope Masham 1388-1455 (27) succeeded 4th Baron Scrope Masham.

In Oct 1429 [her father] Richard 3rd Duke York (18) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (14) were married. They were second cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward III England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Cambridge Earl Ulster. She was the youngest sister of Richard's brother-in-arms Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (29).

On 22 Apr 1444 Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 was born to [her father] Richard 3rd Duke York (32) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (28) at Rouen. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

In 1446 [her brother] Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (2) was created 1st Earl Rutland 2C 1446 by King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (24).

In 1447 Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (16) and [her sister] Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (7) were married. They were half second cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Around Jan 1450 [her future husband] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (7) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (6) were married. They were half third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England. The date subject to debate. Papal dispensation was granted on 18 August 1450. Margaret never recognised this marriage, and considered her next husband her first; as confirmed by her 1472 will.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

Murder of William de la Pole

On 01 May 1450 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (53) was beheaded at sea whilst travelling into exile his ship having been intercepted by the Nicholas of the Tower, or by Admiral Nicholas of the Tower. His son John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (7) succeeded 2nd Marquess Suffolk 1C, 5th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (6) by marriage Marchioness Suffolk 1C.

In Feb 1453 [her future husband] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (10) and Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (9) marriage annulled.

Before Feb 1458 [her husband] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 were married. They were half third cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Marchioness Suffolk 1C.

Act of Accord 39 Hen VI

On 25 Oct 1460 Parliament enacted the Act of Accord 39 Hen VI by which [her father] Richard 3rd Duke York (49) was declared heir to King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (38) disinheriting Edward of Westminster (7). At the same Parliament on 31 Oct 1460 [her father] Richard 3rd Duke York (49) was created Prince of Wales, Earl Chester, Duke Cornwall and Lord Protector.

Battle of Wakefield

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter 1430-1475 (30), Henry Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1436-1464 (24) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland 1421-1461 (39), and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon 1435-1471 (25) and William Gascoigne XIII 1430-1463 (30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford 1435-1461 (25), John Neville 1st Baron Neville Raby 1410-1461 (50), Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley 1427-1464 (33), Henry Roos -1504 and Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (20).

The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.

[her father] Richard 3rd Duke York (49) was killed. His son King Edward IV (18) succeeded 4th Duke York 1C 1385, 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.

Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (30), Thomas Harrington 1400-1460 (60), William Bonville 6th Baron Harington 1442-1460 (18) and Edward Bourchier -1460 were killed.

Thomas Parr 1407-1464 (53) fought in the Yorkist army.

Following the battle [her uncle] Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland -1460. William Bonville 1420-1460 (40) was executed.

[her brother] Edmund York 1st Earl Rutland 1443-1460 (17) was executed on Wakefield Bridge by John "Butcher" Clifford (25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher".

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Coronation of Edward IV

Around Jun 1461, the time of his coronation, [her brother] King Edward IV (19) created his two brothers as Dukes ...

[her brother] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (11) was created 1st Duke Clarence 3C 1461.

[her brother] Richard III King England 1452-1485 (8) was created 1st Duke Gloucester 3C 1461.

Around 1462 [her son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (19) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (17). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England.

In or before 1463 [her son] Geoffrey Pole 1463-1464 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (20) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (18). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England.

On 23 Mar 1463 [her husband] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (20) was restored 2nd Duke Suffolk 1C 1448. Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (18) by marriage Duchess Suffolk.

Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

On 01 May 1464 [her brother] King Edward IV (22) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (27) were married at Grafton Regis. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England. Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472 (49), Elizabeth's mother, being the only witness. The date not certain.

In 1466 [her son] Edward Pole Archdeacon Richmond 1466-1485 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (23) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (21). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England.

On 13 May 1467 [her son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (5) was created 1st Earl Lincoln 6C 1467 by King Edward IV (25).

Around 1468 [her daughter] Elizabeth Pole Baroness Marshal Baroness Morley 1468-1489 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (25) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (23) in Wingfield. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Marriage of George Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville

On 11 Jul 1469 [her brother] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (19) and Isabel Neville Duchess Clarence 1451-1476 (17) were married by George Neville Archbishop of York 1432-1476 (37) at the Église Notre-Dame de Calais witnessed by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville 16th Earl Warwick 6th Earl Salisbury 1428-1471 (40). They were first cousins once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Clarence.

In 1471 [her son] Edmund Pole 3rd Duke Suffolk 1471-1513 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (28) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (26). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England.

In 1471 the wardship of Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (15) was awarded by [her brother] King Edward IV (28) to his sister Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (26).

Edward V created Prince of Wales

On 26 Jun 1471 [her nephew] Edward, the future Edward V was created Prince of Wales. Thomas Vaughan 1410-1483 (61) was knighted.

1876. John Everett Millais Painter Baronet 1829-1896.

In 1472 [her brother] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (22) was created 1st Earl Salisbury 3C 1472.

In 1472 [her daughter] Dorothy Pole 1472-1472 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (29) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (27). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Marriage of Richard Duke of Gloucester and Anne Neville

On 12 Jul 1472 [her brother] Richard Duke of Gloucester (19) and Anne Neville (16) were married at St Stephen's Chapel. They were first cousins once removed. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Gloucester.

On 17 Aug 1473 [her nephew] Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473- was born to King Edward IV (31) and Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (36) at Westminster Palace. [her nephew] He was created 1st Duke York 2C 1474 by his father on the same day.

1876. John Everett Millais Painter Baronet 1829-1896.

In 1474 Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (34) and [her sister] Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (34) were married. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

In 1474 [her son] Humphrey Pole 1474-1513 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (31) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (29). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England.

After 20 May 1475. St Mary's Church Ewelme. Monument to [her mother-in-law] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475. Wrist Garter. The effigy was, apparently, viewed to determine how a lady should wear the garter at the re-commencement of Lady of the Garter appointments in 1901 after a gap of several hundred years. A particularly fine Cadaver Underneath the chest on which Alice's effigy lies. Full-length in a shroud. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.

Detail of the South Side of the Monument to [her mother-in-law] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). From left to right ...

1 Roet impaled Chaucer Modern. Alice's paternal grandparents.

2 De La Pole impaled Stafford. Her third husbands parents Michael Pole 2nd Earl Suffolk 1361-1415 and Katherine Stafford Countess Suffolk 1376-1419 (99).

3 Montacute and Monthermer impaled Francis? Possibly Alice's second husband's parents John Montagu 3rd Earl Salisbury 1350-1400 and Maud Francis Countess Salisbury 1364-1424.

4 De La Pole quartered Chaucer Modern.

5 Roet impaled Chaucer Modern.

6 Chaucer Modern.

7 De La Pole.

8 De La Pole impaled England Henry IV signifying Alice's son [her husband] John's (32) marriage to Elizabeth of York (31) sister of King Edward IV (33).

Detail of the North Side of the monument to [her mother-in-law] Alice Chaucer Duchess Suffolk 1404-1475 (71). Arms from left to right ...

1 De La Pole quartered Chaucer Modern impaled Unknown.

2 De La Pole. Her third husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (78).

3 De La Pole quarted Chaucer Modern. Alice's son [her husband] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (32) by her second husband William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (78).

4 Chaucer. Alice's father Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434.

5 Montacute and Monthermer quartering impaled Chaucer. Alice's second husband Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (86).

6 Roet. Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387.

7 Roet impaling England Henry IV probably signifying John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403, Katherine being the sister of Alice's paternal grandmother Philippa Roet 1346-1387 who married Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400.

8 Roet impaling Chaucer Modern. Her paternal grandparents Geoffrey Chaucer Poet Author 1343-1400 and Philippa Roet 1346-1387.

In 1476 [her daughter] Anne Pole Prioress Syon Abbey 1476-1495 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (33) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (31). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 14 Jan 1476 [her niece] Anne St Leger Baroness Ros Helmsley 1476-1526 was born to Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (36) and Anne York Duchess Exeter 1439-1476 (36). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England. Her mother (36) died in childbirth. She was buried at St Leger Chantry, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.

On 12 Jun 1476 [her nephew] Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473- (2) was created 1st Earl Nottingham 3C 1476 by King Edward IV (34).

Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho

On 22 Dec 1476 Isabel Neville Duchess Clarence 1451-1476 (25) died in childbirth. She was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey. [her brother] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (27) believed she had been murdered by Ankarette Twynyho -1477. Her son Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (1) succeeded 17th Earl Warwick 1C 1088. See Trial and Execution of Ankarette Twynyho.

In 1477 [her daughter] Catherine Pole 1477-1513 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (34) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (32). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

On 07 Feb 1477 [her nephew] Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473- (3) was created 1st Duke Norfolk 2C 1481 by King Edward IV (34).

In 1478 [her son] William Pole 1478-1539 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (35) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (33). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England.

In 1478 [her nephew] George York 1st Duke Bedford 1477-1479 was created 1st Duke Bedford 4C 1478 by King Edward IV (35).

Marriage of Richard Duke of York and Anne Mowbray

On 15 Jan 1478 Edward IV's youngest son [her nephew] Richard of Shrewsbury (4) and Anne Mowbray (5) were married at St Stephen's Chapel in Westminster. They were second cousins once removed. He a son of King Edward IV of England 1442-1483. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She had recently inherited the vast Mowbray inheritance when her father John Mowbray 4th Duke Norfolk 1444-1476 (33) died in 1476. The ceremony was attended by Edward's daughters Elizabeth (11), Mary (10) and Cecily (8). The day before Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (35) was knighted. In 1483 Parliament changed the succession so [her nephew] Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473- (4) would continue to enjoy her inheritance (she died in 1481) effectively dis-inheriting William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (52) (who was subsequently created Earl and Marquess) and John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (53) (who would become an ardent supporter of Richard III following Edward's death).

Around 1675 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Elizabeth York Queen Consort England 1466-1503. From a work of 1500.

On 15 Feb 1478 [her nephew] Edward York Prince of Wales 1473-1484 (4) was created 1st Earl Salisbury 4C 1478.

Execution of George Duke of Clarence

On 18 Feb 1478 [her brother] George York 1st Duke Clarence 1449-1478 (28) was drowned in a butt of wine (Malmsey) wine in the Bowyer Tower in the Tower of London. Duke Clarence 3C 1461 extinct. "in a butt of Malmsey wine" may refer to 1 a butt full of Malmsey wine or 2 a butt that once contained Malmsey wine that was subsequently re-used for another purpose such as washing or bathing.

William Hussey 1443-1495 (35) conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason.

The only other person known to have been executed, or ritually killed, by drowning in a butt of wine is Muirchertach mac Muiredaig High King of Ireland -534 (as reported by the Annals of Ulster) in his case at Newgrange Passage Tomb.

In Mar 1479 [her nephew] George York 1st Duke Bedford 1477-1479 (2) died of plague at Windsor Castle. Duke Bedford 4C 1478 extinct.

Before 1480 [her son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 and Margaret Fitzalan Countess Lincoln were married. They were second cousins once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III England. She by marriage Countess Lincoln.

In 1480 [her son] Richard Pole "White Rose" 5th Earl of Suffolk 1480-1525 was born to John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (37) and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (35). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England.

Death of Edward IV

On 09 Apr 1483 [her brother] King Edward IV (40) died at Westminster. His son Edward V King England 1470- (12) succeeded V King England. Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset 1455-1501 (28).

On 26 Jun 1483 [her nephew] Edward York Prince of Wales 1473-1484 (9) was created as Duke Cornwall.

Coronation of Richard III

On 06 Jul 1483 [her brother] Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) was crowned III King England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier 1418-1486 (65) at Westminster Abbey. Anne Neville Queen Consort England 1456-1485 (27) by marriage Queen Consort England. See Coronation of Richard III.

John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (58) was appointed Lord High Steward. William Brandon 1425-1491 (58), Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl Arundel 1450-1524 (33), Thomas St Leger 1440-1483 (43), Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1433-1503 (50), Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England 1437-1492 (46), Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (39), Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (32) and Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.

Robert Dymoke 1461-1544 (22) attended as the Kings' Champion.

Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (66) carried The Pointed Sword of Justice. Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (40) carried the Crown. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (27) carried the Third Sword of State. [her husband] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (40) carried the Sceptre. John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (21) carried the Cross and Ball. Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1454-1483 (28) carried the king's train. Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13) bore the Queen's Crown.

Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (48) carried the Lord High Constable's Mace. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 (40) held Queen Anne's train. Henry Percy 5th Earl of Northumberland 1478-1527 (5) carried The Blunt Sword of Mercy. Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1453-1499 (30) was appointed Knight of the Bath.

Humphrey Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland 1424-1485 (59) attended.

[her mother] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (68) refused to attend the Coronation of Richard III. History doesn't record her reason.

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Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower

Around Aug 1483 [her nephew] Edward V King England 1470- (12) and his brother Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York 1473- (9) disappeared, presumably killed, from the Tower of London. Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 (5) reports, sometime after the event, that Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) requested Robert Brackenbury -1485 undertake the murder of the children. Upon Brackenbury's refusal Richard III King England 1452-1485 (30) instructed Robert Brackenbury -1485 give the keys to the Tower to James Tyrrell 1455-1502 (28) who would then undertake the task.

1527 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of Thomas More Chancellor Speaker 1478-1535 wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with Beaufort Portcullis and Tudor Rose Pendant.

Edward of Middleham created Prince of Wales

On 08 Sep 1483 [her nephew] Edward York Prince of Wales 1473-1484 (9) was created Prince of Wales, Earl Chester 6C 1483 at York Minster. His parents Richard III (30) and Anne Neville (27) attended as did Edward Stafford 2nd Earl Wiltshire 1470-1499 (13). Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (8) and John York 1471-1499 (12) were knighted.

In 1484 William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1451-1491 (32) and [her niece] Katherine York Countess Pembroke 1471-1487 (13) were married. She a daughter of Richard III King England 1452-1485. [her niece] She by marriage Countess Pembroke.

Death of King Richard III's Heir

On 09 Apr 1484 [her nephew] Edward York Prince of Wales 1473-1484 (10) died at Middleham Castle leaving his father Richard III King England 1452-1485 (31) without an heir.

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 [her brother] Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth. His second cousin once removed Henry Tudor (28) succeeded VII King England.

Those supporting Henry Tudor included:

John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35).

John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43).

Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35).

Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (21).

Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50).

John Wingfield -1525.

Edward Woodville Lord Scales 1456-1488 (29).

Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1459-1509 (26).

Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36).

Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53).

William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47).

Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34).

William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50).

Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52).

Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38).

William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed.

James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed.

John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed. He was buried firstly at Thetford Priory and therafter at Church of St Michael the Archangel Framlingham. His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded 13th Baron Mowbray 1C 1283, 14th Baron Segrave 1C 1283. Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (41) by marriage Baroness Mowbray, Baron Segrave 1C 1283.

John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed.

Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486,.

William Norreys 1441-1507 (44), Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33), John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 (41) commanded,.

Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.

Those who fought for Richard III included:

John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47).

John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74).

Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17).

William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59).

Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28).

John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton 1437-1498 (48).

Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26).

Henry Grey 4th or 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50).

Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68).

Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29).

[her son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23).

Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59).

George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17).

Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.

Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.

John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.

John Babington 1423-1485 (62), William Alington 1420-1485 (65), Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43), Robert Brackenbury -1485, Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 (73) were killed.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

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Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

On 18 Jan 1486 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) and [her niece] Elizabeth, Edward IV's eldest daughter (19) were married at Westminster Abbey. They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England. She a daughter of King Edward IV of England 1442-1483. [her niece] She by marriage Queen Consort England.

Battle of Stoke Field

On 16 Jun 1487 a Lancastrian army defeated a Yorkist army at the Battle of Stoke Field; considered by many to be the last battle of the Wars of the Roses.

The Lancastrian army of Henry Tudor comprised:

John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (44).

Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (55).

George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (19).

Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (36).

John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (45).

John Mordaunt 1455-1504 (31).

Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer of Snape 1468-1530 (19).

William Norreys 1441-1507 (46).

Edward Norreys 1464-1487 (23) wounded.

John Paston 1444-1504 (43).

George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 (27).

Edward Woodville Lord Scales 1456-1488 (31).

Thomas Lovell 1478-1524 (9), knighted.

Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (40).

Edward Belknapp of Blackfriars in London -1521

William Lyttelton 1450-1507 (37) who was knighted after the battle.

The Yorksists:

[her son] John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (25) was killed. Earl Lincoln 6C 1467 extinct.

Thomas Fitzgerald 1458-1487 (29) and Martin Schwartz -1487 were killed.

Lambert Simnel 1477- (10) fought and was captured. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (31) fought and escaped.

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Before Nov 1487 [her niece] Katherine York Countess Pembroke 1471-1487 died.

Before 1489 [her son-in-law] Henry Lovell 9th Baron Marshal 8th Baron Morley 1476-1489 and Elizabeth Pole Baroness Marshal Baroness Morley 1468-1489 were married. They were second cousins once removed. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Around 1491 Richard Pole 1462-1504 (29) and [her niece] Margaret York Countess Salisbury 1473-1541 (17) were married. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III England.

Around 1535 Unknown Painter. Portrait of unknown woman thought to be Margaret York Countess Salisbury 1473-1541. She holding a wine butt on a thread between her fingers which may refer to her father's death.

Before 27 Oct 1492 [her husband] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 died. He was buried at Wingfield. Before 27 Oct 1492 His son Edmund Pole 3rd Duke Suffolk 1471-1513 succeeded 3rd Duke Suffolk 1C 1448, 3rd Marquess Suffolk 1C, 6th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.

On 01 Apr 1495 [her mother] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (79) made her last will. It was proved 27 Aug 1495.

Source: A Selection From the Wills of Eminent Persons by Camden Society (Great Britain). Published 1838. Transcribed by John Gough Nichols and John Bruce.

IN the name of allmyghty God, the blessed Trinite, fader and son and the holigost, trusting in the meanes and mediacions of oure blessed Lady Moder, of oure most blessed Saviour Jh'u Crist, and by the intercession of holy Saint John Baptist, and all the saintes of heven: I, CECILLE, wife unto the right noble prince [her father] Richard late Duke of Yorke (83), fader unto the most cristen prince my Lord and son King Edward the iiij th (52), the first day of Aprill the yere of our Lord M.CCCC.lxxxxv. after the computacion of the Church of Englond, of hole mynde and body, loving therfore be it to Jh'u, make and ordeigne my testament in fourme and maner ensuyng.

Furst, I bequeath and surrendour my soule in to the mercifull handes of allmyghty God my maker, and in to protecion of the blessed yrgin our lady Saint Mary, and suffrage of Saint John Baptist, and of all other saintes of heven. Also my body to be buried beside the body of my moost entierly best beloved Lord and housbond, fader unto my said lorde and son, and in his tumbe within the collegiate church of Fodringhay, a if myn executours by the sufferaunce of the King (38) finde goode sufficient therto; and elles at the Kinges (38) pleasure. And I will that after my deceasse all my dettes sufficiently appering and proved be paid, thanking oure Lord at this tyme of making of this my testament to the knolege of my conscience I am not muche in dett; and if it happen, as I trust to God it shalnot, that there be not found sufficient money aswell to pay my dettes as to enture my body, than in advoiding such charges as myght growe for the same, the whiche God defende, I lymytte and assigne all such parcelles of plate as belongith to my chapell, pantry, cellour, ewry, and squillery, to the perfourmyng of the same, as apperith in the inventary, except such plate as I have bequeithed. Also I geve and bequeith to the Kinges noble grace all such money as is owing to me of the customes, and two cuppes of gold.

Also I geve and bequeith to the [her niece] Quene (29) a crosse croslette of diamantes, a sawter with claspes of silver and guilte enameled covered with grene clothe of golde, and a pix with the fleshe of Saint Cristofer.

Also I bequeith to my lady the Kinges moder (51) a portuos with claspes of gold covered with blacke cloth of golde.

Also I geve to my lord Prince (8) a bedde of arres of the Whele of Fortune and testour of the same, a counterpoint of arras and a tappett of arres with the pope.

Also I geve to my lord Henry Duke of Yorke (3) b three tappettes of arres, oon of them of the life of Saint John Baptist, another of Mary Maudeleyn, and the thirde of the passion of our Lord and Saint George.

And if my body be buried at Fodringhay in the colege there with my most entierly best beloved [her father] lord and housbond (83), than I geve to the said colege a square canapie of crymeson clothe of gold with iiij. staves, twoo auter clothes of crymeson clothe of gold, twoo copes of crymeson cloth of gold, a chesibull and twoo tenucles of cryinyson clothe of golcrvith iij. abes, c twoo auter clothes of crymeson damaske browdered, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, and iij. copes of blewe velwett brodered, with iij. abes, thre masse bokes, thre grayles, and vij. processioners.

Also I geve to the colege of Stoke Clare a chesibull and twoo tenucles of playn crymyson cloth of gold with iij. abes, twoo auter clothes, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, and fyve coopes of white damaske browdered, with iij. abes, twoo awter clothes of crymeson velwett upon the velwete (sic), a vestement of crymeson playne velvet, iiij. antiphoners, iiij. grayles, and sixe processioners.

Also I geve to the house of Sion two of the best coopes of crymyson clothe of gold.

Note. These next four people refer to her grand-daughters, children of Edward IV.

Also I geve to my doughter [her niece] Brigitte (14) the boke of Legenda Aurea in velem, a boke of the life of Saint Kateryn of Sene, a boke of Saint Matilde.

Also I geve to my doughter [her niece] Cecill (26) a portuous with claspes silver and gilte covered with purple velvet, and a grete portuous without note.

Also I geve to my doughter [her niece] Anne (19) the largest bedde of bawdekyn, withe countrepoint of the same, the barge with bailies, tilde, and ores belonging to the same.

Also I geve to my doughter [her niece] Kateryn (15) a traves of blewe satten.

Also I geve to my doughter of Suffolke (50) a the chare with the coveryng, all the quoshons, horses, and harneys belonging to the same, and all my palfreys.

Note. The next people are her grand-children, children of her daughter Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 (50).

Also I geve to my son of [her son] Suffolke (24) b a clothe of estate and iij. quoschons of purpull damaske cloth of gold.

Also I geve to my son [her son] Humfrey (21) c two awter clothes of blewe damaske brawdered and a vestyment of crymeson satten for Jh'us masse.

Also I geve to my son [her son] William (17) d a traves of white sarcenet, twoo beddes of downe, and twoo bolsters to the same.

Also I geve to my doughter [her daughter] Anne priores of Sion (19), a boke of Bonaventure and Hilton in the same in Englishe, and a boke of the Revelacions of Saint Burgitte.

Also I woll that all my plate not bequeithed be sold, and the money thereof be putte to the use of my burying, that is to sey, in discharging of suche costes and expensis as shalbe for carying of my body from the castell of Barkehampstede unto the colege of Fodringhey. And if any of the said plate be lefte unexpended I woll the said colege have it.

Also I geve to the colege of saint Antonies in London an antiphoner with the ruelles of musik in the later ynd.

Also I geve unto Master Richard Lessy all suche money as is owing unto me by obligations what soever they be, and also all such money as is owing unto me by the Shirfe of Yorkeshire, to helpe to bere his charges which he has to pay to the Kinges grace, trusting he shall the rather nyghe the said dettes by the help and socour of his said grace.

Also I geve to Master William Croxston a chesibull, stoles, and fanons of blake velwett, with an abe.

Also I geve to Master Eichard Henmershe a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of crymyson damaske, with an abe; and a chesibill, stoles and fanons of crymeson saten, with an abe.

Also I geve to Sir John More a frontell of purpull cloth of gold, a legend boke, and a colett boke.

Also I give to Sir Kandall Brantingham a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of white damaske, orfreys of crymson velvet, with an abe, the better of bothe.

Also I geve to Sir William Grave a chesibill, stoles, and fanons of white damaske, orfreys of crymeson velvett, with an abe; a masse-boke that servith for the closett, a prymour with claspes silver and gilt, covered with blewe velvett, and a sawter that servith for the closett covered with white ledder.

Also I geve to Sir John Blotte a gospell boke, a pistill covered with ledder, and a case for a corporax of grene playne velvett. Also I geve to Sir Thomas Clerk a chesibill, twoo tenucles, stoles, fanons, of rede bawdeken, with iij. abes.

Also I geve to Sir William Tiler twoo coopes of rede bawdekyn.

Also I geve to Robert Claver iij. copes of white damaske brawdered, and a gowne of the Duchie b facion of playne blake velvett furred with ermyns.

Also I geve to John Bury twoo old copes of crymysyn satten cloth of gold, a frontell of white bawdekyn, twoo curteyns of rede sarcenett fringed, twoo curteyns of whit sarcenet fringed, a feder bed, a bolstour to the same, the best of feders, and two whit spervers of lynyn.

Also I geve to John Poule twoo auter clothes, a chesibull, twoo tenucles, stoles, and fanons of white bawdekyn, with iij. abes; a short gowne of purple playne velvett furred with ermyns, the better of ij. and a kirtill of damaske with andelettes of silver and gilt furred.

Also I geve to John Smyth twoo auter clothes, a chesibill, twoo tenucles, stoles, and fanons of blew bawdekyn, with iij. abes. Also I geve to John Bury twoo copes of crymysyn clothe of gold that servith for Sondays.

Also I geve to John Walter a case for corporax of purple playne velvett, twoo cases for corporax of blewe bawdekyn, twoo auter clothes, a chesibill of rede and grene bawdekyn, a canapie of white sarcenett, iij. abes for children, and iiij. pair of parrours of white bawdekyn, twoo pair parrours of crymsyn velvett, twoo pair parrours of rede bawdekyn, a housling towell that servith for my selfe, twoo corteyns of blewe sarcenett fringed, a sudory of crymy-syn and white, the egges blak, a crose cloth and a cloth of Saint John Baptist of sarcenett painted, a long lantorn, a dext standing doble, twoo grete stondardes and ij. litill cofers.

Also I geve to John Peit-wynne twoo vestimentes of white damaske, a white bedde of lynnyn, a federbedde and a bolstour, and a short gowne of purple playne velvet furred with sabilles. Also I geve to Thomas Lentall six auter clothes of white sarcenett, with crosses of crymsyn velvet.

Also I geve to John Long iij. peces of bawdekyn of the lengur sorte. Also I geve to Sir [John] Verney knighte and Margarett his wiffe a a crosse [of] silver and guilte and berall, and in the same a pece of the holy crosse and other diverse reliques.

Also I geve to Dame Jane Pesemershe, widue, myne Inne that is called the George in Grauntham, during terme of her life; and after her decesse I woll that the reversion therof be unto the college of Fodringhay for evermore, to find a prest to pray for [her father] my Lord my housbond (83) and me.

Also I geve to Nicholas Talbott and Jane his wife a spone of gold with a sharp diamount in the ende, a dymy-sent of gold with a collumbine and a diamont in the same, a guirdill of blewe tissue harnessed with gold, a guirdill of gold with a bokull and a pendaunt and iiij. barres of gold, a hoke of gold with iij. roses, a pomeamber of gold garnesshed with a diamont, sex rubies and sex perles, and the surnap and towell to the same.

Also I geve to Richard Boyvile and Gresild his wife my charrett and the horses with the harnes that belongith therunto, a gowne with a dymy trayn of purpull saten furred with ermyns, a shorte gowne of purple saten furred with jennetes, a kirtill of white damaske with aunde lettes silver and gilte, a spone of gold, a dymysynt of gold with a columbyne garnesshed with a diainant, a saphour, an amatist, and viij. perles, a pomeamber of gold enameled, a litell boxe with a cover of gold and a diamant in the toppe.

Also I geve to Richard Brocas and Jane his wife a long gown of purpull velvett upon velvet furred with ermyns, a greate Agnus of gold with the Trinite, Saint Erasmus, and the Salutacion of our Lady; an Agnus of gold with our Lady and Saint Barbara; a litell goblett with a cover silver and part guild; a pair of bedes of white amber gauded with vj. grete stones of gold, part aneled, with a pair of bedes of x. stones of gold and v. of corall; a cofor with a rounde lidde bonde with iron, which the said Jane hath in her keping, and all other thinges that she hath in charge of keping.

Also I geve to Anne Pinchbeke all other myne Agnus unbequeithed, that is to sey, ten of the Trinite, a litell malmesey pott with a cover silver and parte guilte, a possenett with a cover of silver, a short gowne of playne russett velvett furred with sabilles, a short gowne of playne blewe velvett furred with sabilles, a short gowne of purple playn velvet furred with grey, a tester, a siler, and a countrepoint of bawdekyn, the lesser of ij.

Also I geve to Jane Lessy a dymysent of gold with a roos, garnisshed with twoo rubies, a guirdell of purple tissue with a broken bokull, and a broken pendaunt silver and guilte, a guirdill of white riband with twoo claspes of gold with a columbyne, a guirdell of blewe riband with a bokell and a pendaunt of gold, a litell pair of bedes of white amber gaudied with vij. stones of gold, an haliwater stope with a strynkkill silver and gilte, and a laier silver and part guilte.

Also I geve to John Metcalfe and Alice his wife all the ringes that I have, except such as hang by my bedes and Agnus, and also except my signet, a litell boxe of golde with a cover of golde, a pair of bedes of Ixj. rounde stones of golde gaudied with sex square stones of golde enemeled, with a crosse of golde, twoo other stones, and a scalop shele of geete honging by.

Also I geve to Anne Lownde a litell bokull and a litell pendaunt of golde for a guirdill, a litell guirdell of golde and silke with a bokill and a pendaunt of golde, a guirdell of white riband with aggelettes of golde enameled, a hoke of golde playne, a broken hoke of golde enameled, and a litell rounde bottumed basyn of silver.

Also I geve to the house of Asshe-rugge a chesibull and ij. tenucles of crymysyn damaske embrawdered, with thre abes.

Also I geve to the house of Saint Margaretes twoo auter clothes with a crucifix and a vestiment of grete velvet.

Also I geve to the parish church of Stoundon a coope of blewe bawdekyn, the orffreys embrawdered.

Also I geve to the parishe church of Much Barkehampstede a coope of blewe bawdekyn, the orffreys embrawdered.

Also I geve to the parish church of Compton by sides Guilford a eorporax case of blake cloth of gold and iiij. auter clothes of white sarcenett embrawdered with garters.

Also I geve to Alisaunder Cressener my best bedde of downe and a bolster to the same.

Also I geve to Sir Henry Haidon knyght a tablett and a cristall garnesshed with ix. stones and xxvij. perles, lacking a stone and iij. perles.

Also I geve to Gervase Cressy a long gown of playn blewe velvet furred with sabilles.

Also I geve to Edward Delahay twoo gownes of musterdevilers furred with mynckes, and iiij u of money.

Also I geve to Thomas Manory a short gowne of crymesyn playn velvet lyned, purfilled with blake velvet, and iiij ll in money.

Also I geve to John Broune all such stuf as belongith to the kechyn in his keping at my place at Baynardcastell in London, and iiij u in money.

Also I geve to William Whitington a short gown of russett cloth furred with matrons and calabour wombes, a kirtill of purpull silke chamblett with awndelettes silver and gilte, all such floures of brawdery werke and the cofer that they be kept in, and xls. in money.

Also I geve to all other gentilmen that be daily a waiting in my houshold with Mr. Richard Cressy and Robert Lichingham everich of theime iiij u in money.

Also I geve to every yoman that be daily ad waiting in my houshold with John Otley xls. in money.

Also I geve to every grome of myne xxvj s. viij d. in money. And to every page of myne xiij s. iiij d. in money.

Also I geve to Robert Harison xls. in money and all the gootes.

And if ther be no money founde in my cofers to perfourme this my will and bequest, than I will that myne executours, that is to sey the reverend fader in God Master Olyver King bisshop of Bath (63), Sir Reignolde Bray (55) knight, Sir Thomas Lovell, councellours to the Kinges grace, Master William Pikinham doctour in degrees dean of the colege of Stoke Clare, Master William Felde master of the colege of Fodringhey, and Master Richard Lessy dean of my chapell, havyng God in reverence and drede, unto whome I geve full power and auctorite to execute this my will and testament, make money of such goodes as I have not geven and bequeithed, and with the same to content my dettes and perfourme this my will and testament.

And the foresaid reverend fader in God, Sir Rignold Bray knyght, Sir Thomas Lovell knyght, Master William Pikenham, and Master William Felde, to be rewarded of suche thinges as shalbe delivered unto theme by my commaundement by the hondes of Sir Henry Haidon knyght stieward of my houshold and Master Richard Lessy, humbly beseching the Kinges habundant grace in whome is my singuler trust to name such supervisour as shalbe willing and favorabull diligently to se that this my present testament and will be perfittely executed and perfourmyd, gevyng full power also to my said executours to levey and receyve all my dettes due and owing unto me at the day of my dethe, as well of my receyvours as of all other officers, except such dettes as I have geven and bequeathed unto Master Richard Lessy aforesaid, as is above specified in this present will and testament.

And if that Master Richard Lessy cannot recover such money as I have geven to hym of the Shirffes of Yorkeshire and of my obligacions, than I will he be recompensed of the revenues of my landes to the sume of v c. marcs at the leest.

IN WITTENESSE HEROF I have setto my signet and signemanuell at my castell of Berkehamstede the last day of May the yere of our Lord abovesaid, being present Master Richard Lessy, Sir William Grant my confessour, Richard Brocas clerc of my kechyn, and Gervays Cressy. Proved at "Lamehithe" the 27 th day of August, A.D. 1495, and commission granted to Master Richard Lessy the executor in the said will mentioned to administer, &c. &c.

Around 1500. Unknown Painter. Portrait of Arthur Tudor Prince of Wales 1486-1502. 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547.

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On 31 May 1495 [her mother] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York 1415-1495 (80) died. She was buried at St Mary and All Saints Fotheringhay.

Edward IV's Daughter's Marriages

In Oct 1495 William Courtenay 1st Earl Devon 1475-1511 (20) and [her niece] Catherine York Countess Devon 1479-1527 (16) were married. He a great x 5 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a daughter of King Edward IV of England 1442-1483.

Before 10 Oct 1496 [her son] Edmund Pole 3rd Duke Suffolk 1471-1513 and Margaret Scrope Duchess Suffolk -1515 were married. They were half second cousins once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England. She by marriage Duchess Suffolk.

Around 1497 [her son] William Pole 1478-1539 (19) and Katherine Stourton Baroness Grey Codnor 1455-1521 (42) were married. They were third cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III England.

Trial and Execution of Perkin Warbreck and Edward Earl of Warwick

On 28 Nov 1499 [her nephew] Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was executed at Tower Hill.

Documentation held in Spain apparently describes Catherine of Aragon's (13) parents Ferdinand II King Aragon 1452-1516 (47) and Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504 (48) expressing concern that [her nephew] Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) was a potential claimant to throne, and being reluctant for their daughter to marry Arthur Prince of Wales (13) whilst there was a threat to his (13) accession causing Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (42) to use Perkin Warbreck's (25) attempted escape with [her nephew] Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick 1475-1499 (24) as a means to an end.

Around 1497. Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon or Joanna Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Portrait of Catherine of Aragon. Around 1490. Possibly Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504. Around 1502. Possibly Juan de Flandes Painter 1440-1519. Portrait of Isabella Queen Castile 1451-1504.

After 1503. Monument to [her former husband] John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 and Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 in St Andrew's Church Wingfield. Finely made Fluted Period alabaster monument. Both wearing their ducal coronets. He wearing a Leg Garter. His head resting on a great helm with Saracen's Head Crest, feet resting on a Lion. Chunky Lions Mane.

After Jan 1503 Elizabeth York Duchess Suffolk 1444-1503 died at Wingfield.