Henry Machyn's Diary 1552

Henry Machyn's Diary 1552 is in Henry Machyn's Diary.

1552 Trial and Execution of Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

1552 Creation of Knights of the Garter

Tudor Books, Henry Machyn's Diary 1552 January

04 Jan 1552. The iiij day of Januarii was mad a grett skaffold [in Ch]epe hard by the crosse [Map], agaynst the kynges lord of myss[rule] cumyng from Grenwyche; and landyd at Towre warff [Map], [and with] hym yonge knyghts and gentyllmen a gret nombur on [horseb] ake sum in gownes and cotes and chynes [Note. chains] abowt ther nekes, every man havyng a balderyke of yelow and grene abowt ther nekes, and on the Towre hyll ther they [went in] order, furst a standard of yelow and grene sylke with Sant Gorge, and then gonnes and skuybes [Note. squibs], and trompets and bagespypes, and drousselars and flutes, and then a gret compeny all in yelow and gren, and docturs declaryng my lord grett, and then the mores danse dansyng with a tabret, and afor xx of ys consell on horsbake in gownes of chanabulle lynyd with blue taffata and capes of the sam, lyke sage (men); then cam my lord with a gowne of gold furyd with fur of the goodlyest collers [Note. colours] as ever youe saw, and then ys ... and after cam alff a hundred in red and wyht, tallmen [of] the gard, with hods of the sam coler, and cam in to the cete; and after cam a carte, the whyche cared the pelere [pillory], the a ., [the] jubett, [Note. gibbet] the stokes, and at the crose in Chepe a gret brod s[kaffold] for to go up; then cam up the trumpeter, the harold, [and the] doctur of the law, and ther was a proclamasyon mad of my lord('s) progeny, [Note. ie genealogy] and of ys gret howshold that he [kept,] and of ys dyngnyte; and there was a hoghed of wyne [at] the skaffold, and ther my lord dranke, and ys consell, and [had] the hed smyttyn owt that every body mytht drynke, and [money?] cast abowt them, and after my lord('s) grase rod unto my lord mer [Note. mayor] and alle ys men to dener, for ther was dener as youe have sene [Note. ie as great a dinner as you have ever seen]; and after he toke his hers [Note. horse], and rod to my lord Tresorer at Frer Austens, and so to Bysshopgate [Map], and so to Towre warff, and toke barge to Grenwyche.

22 Jan 1552. The xxij of January, soon after eight of the clock in the morning, the duke of Somerset (age 52) was beheaded on Tower hill [Map]. There was as] grett compeny as have bene syne .. the kynges gard behynge there with ther ha[lbards, and a] M [Note. 1000]. mo with halbards of the prevelege of the Towre, [Ratcliffe,] Lymhowsse, Whytchapell, Sant Kateryn, and Strettford [Bow], as Hogston, Sordyche; and ther the ij shreyfs behyng th[ere present] seyng the execusyon of my lord, and ys hed to be [smitten] of, and after shortely ys body was putt in to a coffin, [and carried] in to the Towre, and ther bered in the chyrche, of [the north] syd of the qwyre of sant Peters [Map], the wyche I beseeche [God] have mercy on ys sowlle, amen! And ther was [a sudden] rumbelyng a lytyll a-for he ded, as yt had byn [guns] shuttyng [Note. shooting] and grett horsys commyng, that a M [Note. 1000]. fell [to the] grond for fere, for thay that wher at the on syd [thought] no nodur butt that one was kyllyng odur, that [they fell] down to the grond on apon anodur with ther halb[ards], they thought no nodur butt that thay shuld .... sum fell in to [the] dyche of the Towre and odur plasys, ... and a C. [Note. 100] in to the Towre-dyche, and sum ran a way for [fear.]

Note. The duke of Somerset's execution. A narrative of this, with the last speech delivered by the duke, somewhat different from that in Stowe, has been printed from the Cottonian charters, by Sir Henry Ellis, in his Second Series of Original Letters, vol. ii. p. 215.

25 Jan 1552. The xxv day of January begane the parlement [at] Westmynster agayne,-the v yer of K. E. vjth.

27 Jan 1552. The xxvijth day of January was reynyd at Westmynster Hall ser Raff a Vane knyght of tresun, and qwyt of hytt, and cast of felony to be hangyd,-the v yer K. E. vjth.

28 Jan 1552. The xxviij day of January was reynyd sir Thomas Arundell (age 50) knyght, and so the qwest cold nott fynd ym tyll the morow after, and so he whent to the Towre agayn, and then the qwest wher shutt up tyll the morow with-owt mett or drynke, or candylle or fyre, and on the morow he cam a-gayne, and the qwest qwytt ym of tresun, and cast hym of felony to be hangyd,-the v king Edward vjth.

Tudor Books, Henry Machyn's Diary 1552 February

05 Feb 1552. The v day of Feybruarii was reynyd sir Mylles Parterege knyght of tresun, and qwytt of yt, and cast of felony to be hangyd, the vjth yer of king Edward vjth.

05 Feb 1552. ....[sir Michael Stanhope (age 45) was] cast of felony to be hangyd-the vj[th K. E. vjth.]

26 Feb 1552. The xxvjth day of Feybruarii, the wyche was [the morrow aft]er saynt Mathuwe day, was heddyd on the Tower [hill sir] Myghell Stanhope (age 45) knyght, and ser Thomas Arundell (age 50); [and in]-contenent was hangyd the seylff sam tyme sir Raff [a Vane] knyght, and ser Mylles Parterege knyght, of the galowse besyd the .... and after ther bodys wher putt in to dyvers nuw coffens [to be be-] red and heds in to the Towre in cases and ther bered .. cent.

Note. Execution of sir Thomas Arundell. One of the "metrical visions" of George Cavendish, the gentleman usher of Cardinal Wolsey, furnishes some biographical particulars of sir Thomas Arundell: viz. that he was educated with Cardinal Wolsey, and was chancellor to queen Katharine Howard. He is also made to confess that "I was cheaf councellor in the first overthrowe of the duke of Somerset, which few men did know." (See Singer's edition of Cavendish's Life of Wolsey, 1825, vol. ii. p. 125.) A letter of the earl of Northumberland in 1527, directed "To his beloved cosyn Thomas Arundel, one of the gentleman of my lord legates prevy chambre," and at its foot "To my bedfellow Arundel," with which term he also commences, is printed from the duke of Northumberland's archives, ibid. p. 246. With regard to his fate there is a curious passage in a very rare book, bishop Ponet's "Short Treatise of Politic Power," which Strype has quoted in his Memorials, vol. ii. 306: but with an interpolation which, as it is made silently, is perfectly inexcusable. Writing of the earl of Warwick, Ponet states,—"at th'erles sute Arundel hathe his head with the axe divided from the shoulders."

But Strype, imagining that the earl of Arundel (who was also involved in trouble at this period, having been fined 12,000l. in Jan. 1549–50,) was the suffering party named by the bishop, altered this passage thus:——"at the earl's suit, Arundel escaped, otherwise had his head with the axe been divided from his shoulders."

See the "Life of Henry Earl of Arundel, K.G." edited by J. G. Nichols, 1834, p. 7; or the Gentleman's Magazine for July 1833, p. 16, and for Feb. 1848.

Note. Sir Michael Stanhope also makes a poetical lament in Cavendish's Metrical Visions. He states that he had been dubbed knight by king Edward, and had been of his privy chamber. He was half-brother of the duchess of Somerset (as sir Thomas Arundell was half-brother of the countess of Arundel), and was great-grandfather of the first earl of Chesterfield. See a curious letter regarding his widow's funeral written by their son sir Thomas Stanhope in 1588, in the Archæologia, vol. xxxi. p. 212.

28 Feb 1552. The xxviijth day of Feybruarii was mared M. James .... clarke of the gren cloth in (the) kyng('s) howsse, unto Annes .. late wyffe of John Heth, serjant of the kyng('s) bakhowsse, [at the] parryche of saynt Botoulffe with-owt Bysshopgate, and ..

28 Feb 1552. The xxviij day of Feybruarii was bered the nobull [lady the] contes of Penbroke (deceased), and syster to the late qwyne and wyffe [to the] nobull Kyng Henry the viij. late kyng, and the good lade [the] contes of Penbroke the wyche she ded at Benard Castle [Map], and so cared unto Powlls. Ther was a C. [Note. 100] powre men and women had mantylle fryse gownes, then cam the haroldes, [then] the corse, and a-bowt her viij baners rolls of armes, and then cam the mornars boyth lordes and knyghts and gentyll men, and then cam the lades mornars and gentyll women mornars ij C. [then the] gentyll men and gentyll women, and after cam in cotts ij C. servandes and odur servandes, and she was bered by the tombe of [the duke] of Lankaster [Note. At St Paul's Cathedral [Map]], and after her banars wher sett up over her [and her] armes sett on dyvers pelers,-the vj King Edward vjth.

Note. Funeral of the countess of Pembroke. King Edward in his Diary records the death of the countess of Pembroke on the 20th Feb. 1551–2. As sister to queen Katharine Parr, she was a person of high consideration. A magnificent canopied monument to William Herbert, earl of Pembroke, and his countess Anne, with their recumbent effigies, and kneeling effigies of their three children, Henry earl of Pembroke, sir Edward Herbert knt. and Anne lady Talbot, was erected in St. Paul's cathedral, next the monument of John of Ghent, duke of Lancaster, and is represented in a plate of Dugdale's History of St. Paul's.

Tudor Books, Henry Machyn's Diary 1552 March

17 Mar 1552. The xvij day of Marche rod thrugh London unto [St.] James in the feld, the kyng('s) plase [Note. palace], the kynges syster my [lady] Elsabeth (age 18), with a grett compeny of lordes and knyghtes and gentyll men, and after her a grett nombur of lades and gentyllwomen to the nombur of ij C. on horsse-bake, and yomen.

19 Mar 1522. The xix day of Marche cam from Saynt James thrught the parke to the court, and from Parke gate unto the courtt was struys [Note. strewn] with sand fyne, and afor her came dukes, lordes, and knyghtes, and after lades and gentyllwomen a gret compeny, and so she was reseyuyd in to the courte goodly.

19 Mar 1522. ... cared thrugh Nuwgatt and Smyth ... s strett, and so a-ways,-the vj yer king Edward the vjth.

21 Mar 1552. The xxj day of Marche dyd ryd thrugh Lo[ndon on horseb]ake ij yonge feylles boyth of on horse, and on [of them] carehyng a spytt up ryght and a duke [Note. duck] rostyd, and ... Nugatt, and ther they alyth of ther horse and ... and the duke at Nugatt, and so was led with the ... begers thrugh Flett lane with many pepull won ... to the Rose at the Flet bryge, the taverne wher ... to have hetten [Note. eaten] yt there, and I left them ther, and [came to] the court to dener; one of them dweltt at the Sun ...

22 Mar 1552. The xxij of Marche was bered John Welle ... myllner, dwellyng at the iiij mylls at Stratford, and ...

Tudor Books, Henry Machyn's Diary 1552 April

09 Apr 1552. The ix day of Aprell was bered M. Morgayne, gold-smyth, in the parryche of Saynt Foster, in Foster ...

12 Apr 1552. The xij day of Aprell was bered ser Umffrey (deceased) ... knyght , with a standard and a penon, and a cott armur .. and sword, elmett, and mantylles, and vj dosen of skoychyons, meny gownes gyffyn to the powre and the ryche, and a [great] dolle, and with a harold, and bered at the towne, and the [company] of the Clarkes wher ther syngyng, and ther was [a great] dener boyth to ryche and the powre.

Funeral of sir Humphrey Style. The name deficient in our MS. from the fire is supplied by the valuable MS. Harl. 897, f. 16: "Sir Humfrey Style dysseased the 7th of Apryll 1552 in A°. R. E. vjti. vjto. and beryed in the parish churche of Bekenham in the county of Kent." His monument with effigies on brass plate is remaining in that church: see Lysons's Environs of London, 1811, i. 412, and the epitaph printed in Thorpe's Registrum Roffense, p. 816.

16 Apr 1552. The xvj day of Aprell rod thrugh London in a c[ar], a woman with a bannor pentyd with (a) yong damsell and a woman, with a carde in the woman('s) hand cardyng her mayd nakyd pentyd, the wyche she left butt lytyll skyn of her, and a-bowt her masters neke a card hangyng downe; for thys ponyssment her masters had for her; and she was cared unto her owne dore in a care, and the (re) was a proclamasyon by on of the bedylles of her shamful ded-dohyng, [of] the wyche the damsell ys lyke to dee.

23 Apr 1552. The xxiij day of Aprell, the wyche was sant Jorge day, the Kyng('s) grace, behyng at Westmynster at ys plase, dyd where ys robes of the garter, and the yong yerle of Warwyke beyryng of the kynges sword afor hym thrugh the halle unto the chapell; and ys grase dyd offer, and the resyduw .... evyngsong, and w ... Kynges grace dyd chuysse in the sted of the [earl [Note. Duke!] of Som]ersett the yerle of Westmorland (age 27), and sir Andrew [Dudley,] (age 45) captayne of Gynes, was chosen of the garter the ...

Note. Election of the earl of Westmerland of the garter. In the privy council 10 May 1552. A warrante to the Exchequer to paye unto sir Gilberte Dethicke (age 42) knighte, alias Garter principall kinge at armes, beinge presently to be sente by the kinges majestie to the earle of Westemerlande with the order of the Garter, the some of twentye poundes.

"A comissyon for the said sir Gylberte Dethicke to take upe v. poste horses for himselfe, his servantes, and guide." (MS. Harl. 352, f. 228 b.)

The following entry may here also be added:

"22 Apr 1553. A warrante to sir John Williames to pay unto sir Gilberte Dethicke knight, alias Garter principall kinge at armes, the some of xxj. poundes for schucheones by him sett upp in an°. 4° et 5° of the kinges [and queenes] majesties raigne at Grenewich, at the feaste of the order of the Garter, accordinge to a bill therof included in the same letter." (f. 250.)

30 Apr 1552. The XXX day of Aprell was proclamyd un . . parlementt that no man shuld nott in-gratt or in-g[ross] any maner of re- tail commynge to the feyre after the furst day of May; and that no man shuld [put] ther money unto usery for gaynes nor pr[ivy] exchangyng of gold or sylver; and that no yn, [tavarn,] nor bere- howse, but they must be bune in a coynys[ance<^ to] kepe good ruUe and honeste; and the sam maner and that ... ay that no man shuld feythe*^ in any chyrche or chyr[chyards] apon the payne ther-of; the acts be in fulle sthrenght — the morow after May-day, the vj king Edward vjth.

Note. Proclamations. The two remaining blanks may perhaps be filled up, "un[der act of] parlementt," and "that [same d]ay."

Proclamation against fighting in churches or churchyards. An undated proclamation to this purpose is transcribed in the Society of Antiquaries' collection, vol. ii. p. 104. It prohibits all persons from "henceforth to quarrell, fray or fight, shoote any hande-gonne, bring any horse or mule, into or through any cathedrall or other church, or by any other waies or meanes irreverently use the said churches or any of them."

30 Apr 1552. The sam day the Kynges (age 14) grase removyd from Westmynster unto Grenwyche [Map] at viij a-cloke in the mornyng.

26 Apr 1552. The sam day was sessyons at Nugatt [Map] for theyfes, and a cott-purs spessyally was for one James [Ellys] the grett pykpurs and cuttpurs that ever [was ar-]raynyd, for ther was never a presun and the Towr but he had byne in them, -the vj king Edward vjth.

26 Apr 1552. The sam day was bornyd at the Towre-hylle [Map] at after[noon] vij mon and viij maymed and lyke to dee, and alle was by takyng [ill] heyde and by beytyng of gunpowder in a morter, and by stryk[ing] of fyre, that a sparke of fyre fell in-tho the powder, and so alle f[ired] ...

Tudor Books, Henry Machyn's Diary 1552 May

02 May 1552. The ij day of May was a proclamasyon for haledaye[s and] fastyng days to be observyd and kept, and alle othur fe[asts;] and for korears and lethers sellers and tynkares, and pe[dlars.]

02 May 1552. The sam day was hangyd at Tyborne [Map] ix fello[ns.]

03 May 1552. The iij day of May was a proclamasyon how Gaskyn wyne shuld be sold at viijd. the galon; a barelle of alle at iijs. viijd.: a barelle of dobulle bere at iijs. viijd.; thre-holpeny bere the barelle iijs.; syngyll bere the barelle ijs.; and no no dobulle dobulle alle, nor dobulle dobulle no more be callyd no more dobulle dobulle.

03 May 1552. .... tyme callyd Jehesus ... a penon of armes and a cote ... blake, and with ij dosen of skochyons ...

12 May 1552. The xij day of May the Kynges (age 14) grace [rode through] Grenwyche Parke [Map] unto Blake-heth [Map], with ys ga[rd with bows] and arowes, and in ther jerkenes and dobeletes. [The King's] grase ran at the ryng, and odur lordes and kn [yghts.]

14 May 1552. The xiiij day of May my lord marqwes [of Northampton's] (age 40) men of armes did muster in More felds [Map] ... compeny and grett horssys, and a trompett blow ... nombur of a C. men of armes and welle h[arnessed.]

16 May 1552. The xvj day of May the Kyngs (age 14) grace [rode into the said] parke [Map] for to se the goodly muster of ys [men] of armes, and every lord('s) men; severall [trumpets] bloghyng a-for ther men, and ther standards, and ther cottes in brodery of yche lords colers, and ther speyres coloryd lyke, and ther fott-men.

16 May 1552. The furst the kynges pensyonars, the lord Bray ther captayn, and the kyng's grett baner [of arms] borne of-fore of damaske, blue and red, and the trumpeters blohyng, and the pensyonars in goodly a[rray, and] in harnes from tope to the to, and goodly basses of cotes, and ther men in lyke colers of cloth.

16 May 1552. The ij my lord Tresorer's men of armes, a whytt standard with faucon of gold, cotes whyt and red.

16 May 1552. The iij my lord Grant Master, with men of armes, ys standard of red damaske, a whyt lyon sylver, crounyd gold, and with ragyd stayffes; cotes alle blake wellevet in-brodery the alff, and th'odur cloth blake in-brodery whyt and red.

16 May 1552. The Duke of Soffoke (age 35), with ys men of armes, and ys standard a unycorne sylver armyn in a sune-beme gold, whyt and morrey, and ys penselles.

16 May 1552. [The vth, the lord Privy Seal his men of arms; his standard of three colours, a whyt goat, the standard powdered with escallop shells; his coat white and red in-brodery, and pensils of the same.]

16 May 1552. [The vj, the lord] Grett Chamburlayn, [marqwes of Northampton (age 40); his] standard yelow and blakke, a mayden hed [crowned gold; his coats] yelow welvet the alffe ys men, and th'odur [half cloth] and fott men in yelow welvet, and pensels.

16 May 1552. The vii, Master of the Horse, Warwyke (age 25), ys men of [arms; his] gyttun a red damask, whyt lyon, crounyd gold, [and pow] deryd with rag(ged) stayffes of sylver, and pensells.

16 May 1552. The viij, the yerlle of Rottland (age 25) with ysmen of armes; [his] standard of yelow and bluw with pekoke in [pride] gold, and pensells with a pecoke; cottes bluw in-brod [ery].

16 May 1552. The ix, the yerlle of Huntyngtun (age 38), with ys men; hys standard a babyon [baboon], cottes bluw brodered [velvet;] the penselles with bulles hed, crone a-bowt ys neke.

16 May 1552. The x, the yerle of Penbroke (age 51) ys men of armes; ys coler of hys standard of iij collers, red, whyt, and bluw, and a gren dragon with a arme in ys mowth; and penselles.

16 May 1552. The xj, the lord Admerall (age 40) with ys men of armes; hys gytton the crosse of sant Gorge blake, with a ankur of sylver, cottes blake, and brodered with whyt.

16 May 1552. The xij, the lord chamburlayn Darcy (age 45) ys men of armes; ys standard a mayden with a flowre in her hand; cotes red broderd with whytt; and penselles.

16 May 1552. The xiij, the lord Cobham (age 55) with ys men of armes, and ys standard whyt and blake, and a Sarsunhed in [it;] ys cotes blake gardyd with whytt; and penselles.

16 May 1552. The xiiij, master treasurer Cheny (age 67), lord warden of the cinque ports; his guydon a red cross, and half a rose in a sun-beam black; spers and pensells and alle companys.

21 May 1552. The xxj day of May was a cart-lode [of befe] forfett be cause he wold nott selle ytt [according to the] proclamasyon was proclamyd,-the vj king [Edward the vjth.]

26 May 1552. The xxvj day of May came in to Fa[nchurch] parryche a goodly May-polle as youe h [ave seen. It was] pentyd whyt and gren, and ther the men and [women did] wher a-bowt ther neke baldrykes [of white and] gren, the gyant, the mores-danse, and the ... had a castylle in the myd with pensels, and .. plasys of sylke and gylded; and the sam [day the] lord mayre by conselle causyd yt to be [taken] done and broken, for I have not sene ...

Tudor Books, Henry Machyn's Diary 1552 June

07 Jun 1552. The vij day of Juin the duke of Northumberland (age 48) and dyvers of the kynges consell sat at yeld-hall [to hear] serten causys, and toke up my lord mayre and [his] brodurne for vetell, because he lokyd not to yt, and for sellyng of the sam, and odur causys.

11 Jun 1552. The xj day of Juin cam rydyng to London my lade Mare (age 36) grase through London unto Saynt Johns with a goodly compeny of gentyll men and gentyll women.

13 Jun 1552. The xiij day of Juin rod thrugh London unto the Towre warffe [Map] my lade Mare (age 36) grase, the kynges syster, and toke her barge to Grenwyche [Map] the kynges courte, and so cam agayn at vj a-cloke at nyght, and so landyd at the Towre, and so unto Saynt Johns beyond Smyth-feld.

15 Jun 1552. The xv day of Juin was bered Baptyst Borow the melener with-owt Crepull-gatte in saynt Gylles' parryche, with a penon, a cote armur, and a harold, and with xxiij stayffes-torches, and so xxiij pore men bere them, and many mornars in blake; and the compeny of the Clarkes wher ther, and ys plase was hangyd with blake, and armes vj dosen.

16 Jun 1552. [The xvj of June the duke of Northumberland (age 48) took horse at five of the clock in the morning, to look after the Marches towards Scotland, of which he was constituted lord Warden, with a] compeny of lords and knyghts [to bring him on his] way of his jornay,-the vj kyng Edward the vjth.

Note. Duke of Northumberland took horse towards Scotland. He had been appointed lord warden of the Scotish Marches some months before: "11th Oct. 1551. A letter to the lord chauncelor to make out for the duke of Northumberlande a pattente of the lord wardenshippe generall in the north partes foranempste Scotland, with asmuch fee, preheminence, and authoritie as any his predecessores in that offyce have had heretofore, with power also to substytute and make deputy wardenes under him, with such fees as any in that rowme heretofore have had, and further the allowance of C. lighte horsemen at xd. by the daye." (Privy Council Book, MS. Harl. 352, f. 191.)

17 Jun 1552. The xvij of Juin ther wher sett on the pelore [a man and] a woman; the woman boythe a pesse of mottun [and when she] had ytt, she toke a pesse of a tylle and frust yt [into the] myds of the mottun, and she sayd that she had ytt of b[utcher, and would ha]ve ym punnyssyd; for ytt was hangyd over [her head in?] the pelore, and so there wher they sett boythe ...

25 Jun 1552. The xxv day of Juin was drownyd vj men from Grenwyche by a grett botte of bere in the ... of sayntt Kateryns, and thay wher take up on the .. after, and was cared by the serjant of the amr .. and bered in saynt Towllys ender chyrche yerd in S[outhwark.]

27 Jun 1552. The xxvij day of Juin the Kyng's (age 14) mageste removed from Grenwyche [Map] by water unto Pottney [Map], and ther [he] toke ys horsse unto Hamtun [Map] cowrte one ys progres, and ther lyvyng ther x days, and so to Ottland [Map], and to Gy[lford] [Map].

Note. The king took horse on his progress. King Edward's Diary, (May 23, 1551) gives the following enumeration of the bands of men of arms appointed at this time to accompany him on his progress:

Lord Treasure 30 Earl of Rutland 15 Lord Cobham 20

Lord Great Master 25 Earl of Huntingdon 25 Lord Warden 20

Lord Privy Seal 30 Earl of Pembroke 50 Mr. Vice-chamberlain 15

Duke of Suffolk 25 Lord Admiral 15 Mr. Sadler 15

Earl of Warwick 25 Lord Darcy 30 Mr. Sydney 15

Afterwards, on the 22d of June, it was agreed that the bands appointed to Mr. Sidney, Mr. Vice-chamberlain, Mr. Hobby, and Mr. Sadler, should not be furnished, but left off. Again, when the king was in Sussex, on the 24th July, "because the number of bands that went with me this progress made the train great, it was thought good they should be sent home, save only 150 which were picked out of all the bands. This was because the train was thought to be near 4000 horse, which were enough to eat up the country, for there was little meadow or hay all the way as I went."

Tudor Books, Henry Machyn's Diary 1552 July

01 Jul 1552. The furst day of July ther was a man and a woman on the pelere [pillory] in Chepe-syd; the man sold potts of straberries, the whyche the pott was nott alff fulle, but fyllyd with forne; the man nam ys Grege; sum-tyme he con[terfeited] ym selffe a profett, for he was taken for [it, and] sett by the pelere [pillory] in Sowthwarke.

11 Jul 1552. The xj day of July hangyd one James Ellys, the grett pykke purs that ever was, and cutt-purs, and vij more for theyfft, at Tyburne [Map].

12 Jul 1552. The xij day of July was bered ser Robartt Do[rmer] knyght, a grett shepe-master in Oxford-shyre, with standard and a penon of armes, and ys cot and target, and crest, and elmett, and mantylls, and vj dossen of skochyons.

Note. Funeral of sir Robert Dormer. Sir Robert Dormer, knighted in 1537, was grandfather of Robert first lord Dormer. His will is dated June 20, 1552, a few days before his death. "A° Dui 1552 the ixth of July sir Robert Dormer knight of Bokyngamshire dysseased at his manner howsse of Aston in the lordship of Wynge, and was buryed the xvth of the same mounth." (MS. Harl. 897. f. 12b.) He is termed in our Diary "a great sheep-master in Oxfordshire;" the will of sir Edward Unton (age 18), in 1581, printed in the "Unton Inventories" (a publication of the Berkshire Ashmolean Society), is a remarkable illustration of that description of property in the same county.

12 Jul 1552. .... the mornyng with-owt syngyng butt .. the clarke, and with-owtt any more serves done.

15 Jul 1552. The xv day of July was wypyd a yong man and ij women for vyssyones and synes; and the [woman] she was putt on the pelorie, for she wold [have] poysenyd her husband, for the same woman [permitted] her servand to com in to here.

16 Jul 1552. The xvj day of July was bered master [Cowper's] wyff, behyng the shreyffe of London, with [as great funeral] as ever was on a shreyff('s) wyff; doyctur Kyrkman dyd pryche there for her.

Note. P. 22. Funeral of mistress Cowper, wife of the sheriff of London. John Cowper, fishmonger, sheriff 1552, buried at St. Magnus. Arms, Azure, a saltire engrailed between four trefoils slipped or, on a chief of the second three dolphins embowed of the first. (List by Wm. Smith, Rouge-dragon.) "John Cooper, fishmonger, alderman, who was put by his turne of maioralty, [died] 1584." (Stowe.)

22 Jul 1552. The xxij day of Julij was bered master .. porvear of wyne for the kyng, the wych was warden of the Fysmongers, and he fell in a .. at the berehyng of master Cowper('s) wyff, and cared unto hys brodur('s) howse hard by, and was cared [to the] paryche of saynt Marten organes, wher he ...

Tudor Books, Henry Machyn's Diary 1552 August

01 Aug 1552. The furst day of August was chossen the shreyffe of London, master (blank) Grymes, clothworker, dwellyng in saynt Laurans lane; and the vj day of August he was dysmyssyd of the shreyffshyp; and in ys sted was chossen Thomas Clayton, baker, the wyche master Grymes gayff for ys fyne ij C lb.

10 Aug 1552. The x day of August was bered masters Basseley Cowper, late the wyff of master Hontley, haburdassher, late shreyff of London, and after the wyff of master Towllys, lat alderman and shreyffe of thys nobull cete of London,-the vj kyng Edward the vjth.

Note. P. 22. Funeral of mistress Basilia Cowper, late wife of master Huntley haberdasher, and after wife of master Towllys, alderman and sheriff. This lady's first husband, Thomas Huntley, haberdasher, was sheriff 1540. His arms, Argent, on a chevron between three buck's heads erased sable three hunting-horns of the first. Her second husband was John Towles, sheriff 1554; buried at St. Michael's in Cornhill 1548. Arms, Party per pale and chevron ermine and sable, four cinquefoils counterchanged. (List by Wm. Smith, Rouge-dragon.) Stowe in his Survay calls him Tolus, and relates a story of a bequest he made to St. Michael's parish, which was "not performed but concealed." The name, it may be remarked, was derived from one of the churches dedicated to St. Olave; John atte Olave's would become John Toolys, and from the same abbreviation we have still Tooley Street in Southwark. The lady's third husband was probably John Cowper who occurs in the list of freemen of the mystery of the Fyshemongers in 1537 (Herbert's Twelve City Companies, ii. 7,) and who may have been father of the alderman mentioned in the preceding note.

10 Aug 1552. [The same day were three dolphins taken up between Woolwich and Greenwich. One was sent] to the courte to the kynge, and the [others were sold in Fish] strette to them that wold by them.

12 Aug 1552. The iij day of August was ther born [in Oxford] shyre, at a towne callyd Myddylltun Stonny [eleven miles] from Oxford, dwellynge at the syne of the Egyll, was the good wyff of the howsse deleverd of a chyld be-gotten of her late hosband of John [Kenner] of the towne of Myddylltun Stonny late dyssessed, ... forme and shape as youe have sene and hard, and boyth the for parts and the hynder partes of the said ... sam chylderyn havyng ij heds, ij bodys, iiij armes, [iiij] hands, with one bely, on navyll, one fondamentt at [which] they voyd both uryne and ordure; and then thay have [ij] leges with ij fett, one syd, and on the odur syd, on leg [with] ij fette havyng butt ix tooys-monstrus!

15 Aug 1552. The xv day of August was dysmyssed of the shreyfshype master Thomas Clayton, baker, and for hym was chosen master John Browne, mercer, the wyche was the [son?] of sir Wylliam Browne, and late mere of London, the wych [sir] Wylliam Browne ded mer, and for hym was chosen [to serve] owt ys tyme sir John Tate, behyng mayre by the tyme of kyng Henry the vij, and bered at saynt Antonys; he dyd byld be-syd Freres Augustynns; and for fyne master Clayton payd ij C lb.,-the vj king Edward vjth.

15 Aug 1552. The xv day of August ded the nobull knyght ser [Anthony] Wynckfeld (age 65), comtroller of the kynges honorabull howsse, [and of] ys preve consell, and knyght of the honorabull order of the garter; the wyche he ded at Bednoll Grene, at yong sir John G[ates] plasse,-the vj king Edward vjth. And (in) ys sted master Cottun comtroller.

16 Aug 1552. The xvj day of August was taken up a' Broke Warff iij grett fysses, and in odur plasys ij more, and sold in Fysh [strete] to them that wold by them.

Three great fishes. "The viij. daye of August, there were taken about Quynborough three great fyshes called dolphins, or by some called rygges: and the weke folowyng, at Blackwall, were syxe more taken and brought to London, and there sold; the least of them was greater then any horse." Stowe's Summarie, 1566.

16 Aug 1552. .... clothes or carsseys and wollencloythe .. butt onlly Blakewell-hall, a-pon forffett of all ther cloyth, but only Blakewell....

18 Aug 1552. The xviij day of August ded the dobull chelderyn (see 12 Aug 1552), one, and the th'odur ded the xix day; I pray God have mersy!

19 Aug 1552. The xix day of August ther was a mon on the [pillory] in Chepe for spykyng agaynst the mayre and ys br[ethren.]

19 Aug 1552. The sam day was dysmyssed of the shreyffe[ship] master Browne, and in ys sted was choyssen master .. Maynard (age 43), marser, the wyche master Browne payd for ys ...

Note. Master Maynard chosen sheriff. John Maynard. Stowe relates this anecdote of his provision for serving the office: "whiche, about .ix. or .x. yeares before had geven out wares and jewelles, as it was thought, to the summe of .2000. markes, to be payde hym when he were sherife of London." Summarie, 1566.

21 Aug 1552. The xxj day of August was the monumentt of ser Anthony Wynckfeld (deceased) knyght, and controller of the kynges h[owsse], bered at Stepnay [Map] with a grett compeny of mornars, [with] prestes and clarkes syngyng, and a harold ys ys M.... and so cared from Bednoll Gren over Mylle End [Map]; with ys standdard and a grett baner of armes, and [his helmet] and ys targett of the garter, and ys sword, crest a [bull] gold and sabull; and at the communyon dyd pryche [the vicar] of Sordyche, a Skott; and after a grett dener for all that cam; and alle ys gayre was offered, the elmett, and then the targett, and then the sword, and the standard, and then ys baner of armes; and after dener yt was sett up over hym, the wyche a goodly shyth to, and alle was offered to the prest,-the vj king Edward the vjth.

Note. Funeral of sir Anthony Wingfield, knight of the garter. Biographical particulars of this distinguished person will be found in Lodge's Peerage of Ireland, 1789, vol. v. p. 262. The place of his burial is not there recorded; and if his body was left to rest at Stepney, the fact is now forgotten there, as no monument exists, and the register does not commence until 1568.

Note. The vicar of Shoreditch, a Scot. John Macbray, presented to the vicarage on the 15th May preceding (Ellis's Shoreditch, p. 21); deprived in 1554, and afterwards an exile. (Strype, Mem. ii. 341.)

26 Aug 1552. The xxvjth day of August ded ser Clementt Smyth (age 45) knyght, and unkull unto owre soverayn lord and kyng Edward the vjth, the wyche ser Clement mared qwyne Jane('s) syster (age 36); and he ded in Essex, at a plasse callyd Badow.

Note. Death of sir Clement Smith. Sir Clement married Dorothy Seymour, sister of queen Jane, and of Edward duke of Somerset. King Edward, in his Diary, under the 24th March 1550–1, records his being "chidden" for having a year before heard mass.

Tudor Books, Henry Machyn's Diary 1552 September

05 Sep 1552. The v day of September was a proclamasyon that the bochers of London shuld selle beyffe and motun and velle, the best for 1 fardyng the lb., and nekes and legs at iij fardynges the lb., and the best lam the [quarter] viijd. and yff thay wyll nott thay to loysse ther fredom for ever and ever.

Note. Proclamation on the price of meat. This was apparently a proclamation of the lord mayor, applicable to the city of London only: but similar regulations were made by the privy council, for the control of the markets in the country at large, or in such places as they chose to extend them to. A proclamation "set furthe by the kinges majestie, in the v. yere of his reigne," and referring to resolutions of the council made at Windsor on the 30th Aug. preceding, was printed by Grafton in the year 1551, (which would therefore be one year earlier than that noticed in the Diary,) and will be found in the collection in the possession of the Society of Antiquaries. It seems difficult to conceive how such regulations could be generally enforced: but no limitation of place is mentioned in the proclamation.

07 Sep 1552. The vij day of September ded ser John Jas ... by-syd Hunsdon, in Essex, and bered (blank)

Note. Sir John Jocelyn is probably the person whose name is imperfect, of the family seated at Sawbridgeworth, near Hunsdon, in Hertfordshire (not Essex). See a John, stated to have died in 1553, in the pedigree in Clutterbuck, iii. 204.

08 Sep 1552. The viij day of Seytember was bered master Pagm .. of the grencloth onto owre soverayne lord kyng Edw [ard, the] wyche he gayff to evere clarke of ys xl shepe and odur ... ij lb. and a good geldyng, and to ys maydes xx shepe a-pesse.

10 Sep 1552. The x day of September ther wher iij grett [fishes] dryffyn up to London bryge with a grett nom[ber of] botts, sum with netts, sum with bylls, and sum with m ..; and then they retornyd downe a-gayne, and botts [after] them, be-tweyn iiij and v of the cloke at after-none; for that same day was thurnderyng, and after grett [rain?] and after that they wher sene.

Note. Three great fishes. Strype calls these "porpus's." In the third line of the passage read "m[orice-pikes.]"

12 Sep 1552. Ther wher hangyd ix women and ij men for the ... the xij day of September.

19 Sep 1552. The xix day of September was had to the Towre master Wallay, authetur [auditor] and reseyver of Yorke-shyre.

Note. Whalley the receiver of Yorkshire. Richard Whalley of Screaton, co. Notts, esquire. The charges preferred against him are stated in the king's diary, under the 7th of June, and thence in Strype, Mem. ii. 381. Strype, p. (249), states that he had been politically active in endeavouring to procure the restoration of the duke of Somerset; he was, therefore, the same person who has been mentioned in p. 10 as among the protector's adherents then sent to the Tower. He died Nov. 23, 1583, aged 84; and further particulars respecting him will be found in Thoroton's Nottinghamshire, p. 130, together with an engraving of his monument and effigy.

22 Sep 1552. The xxij day of September was bered in saynt Dennys parryche in Fanchyrche strett my lade Ley.

20 Sep 1552. The xx day of September was browth to the Towre of London one of the north contrey.

26 Sep 1552. The xxvj day of September was the lyttyll barke ager goyng in too Spayne, and as sche was goyng ther mette with her ij great schypes of the Frensche kynges, and bere her down sore, and stroke her great mast a-sunder as sche was in fyght; the great barke ager followed her and rescwed her, and so over-came them bothe, and browght them in-too the havne of Portysmouthe, and ther they doo lye.

30 Sep 1552. The xxx day of September the mayre and the aldermen, and the new shreyffes, took barges at iij Cranes in the Vyntre [Map], and so to Westmynster hall, and ther they toke [their] hoyth in the escheker, and then thay came to de[ner]. Ther was a grett dener as youe have sene; for ther wher mony gentyll men and women.

Tudor Books, Henry Machyn's Diary 1552 October

02 Oct 1552. The ij day of October cam to London owte of Skottland ij (blank) sunnes, late of the kyng of [Scots?] and dyd lye at the iiij Swanes with-in Bysshope-gate, and ther they have ther coke and ther cater, and dress ... seylff.

Note. Two sons of the king of Scots. King James the Fifth had several natural sons, who are enumerated in Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, by Wood, i. 52. It does not appear which were the two who visited London in 1552; but James, afterwards the regent Murray, was at Paris in that year. (Ibid. ii. 255.) Another notice of their visit occurs in the form of "a passport for two of the late Scotch king's bastard sons, to transport out of the realm four dozen of bows, twenty dozen of arrows, and four gross of strings, and two geldings. Dated Oct. 1552." Strype, Mem. vol. ii. p. 517.

04 Sep 1552 and 05 Sep 1552. The iiij and v day of October was the good bysshope of Dorham (age 78) whent unto Towre-hylle [Map] [to the] late monestery of whyt monkes, the wyche place ys gyffyn unto ser Arthur Darcy (age 57) knyght, and a-ffor the chyff justes of England, Chamley, and master Gudderyke, and master Gosnolle and odur, master Coke and master Chydley.

08 Oct 1552. The viij day of October was a proclamasyon that no man shuld not selle ther grett horssys.

09 Oct 1552. The ix day of October was taken and brought thrugh and undur London bryge and so to Parys garden, and the next day up to Westmynster thes ij grett fysshes, the one the malle and the feymalle.

Note. ij. great fishes. These are also mentioned by Stowe, and with a very strange name: "The vii. daye of October were two great fishes taken at Gravesend, which were called whirlepooles. They wer afterward drawen up above the bridge." Summarie, 1566.

14 Oct 1552. The xiiij day of October was depossyd of ys bysshope-pryke the good bysshope of Duram (age 78), and whent unto the Towre agayn, and so remanyth stylle.

14 Oct 1552. .... hangman ... styll and .... owtt the mydylle of them bowth with ... from one syd to the th'odur syd of the ...

17 Oct 1552. The xvij day of October was made vii serjants of the coyffe; at ix of the cloke they whent to Westmynster halle in ther gownes and hodes of morrey and russet, and ther servants in the sam colers, and ther was gyffyn a charge and othe by the kynges juges, and the old serjants. This done, they retornyd with the juges and the old serjants, and men of law, unto Gray-yn to dener, and mony of the ... for ther was a grett fest, and my lord mayre and the [aldermen], and many a nobull man; and the new serjants gayf to [the judges], and the old serjants and men of the law, rynges of gold, every serjant gayff lyke ryngs; and after dener they whent unto Powlls, and so whent up the stepes, and so round the qwere and ther dyd they ther homage, and so [came unto] the north-syd of Powlles and stod a-pone the stepes ontil iiij old serjantes came to-gether and feythchyd iiij [new], and broght them unto serten pelers, and left them, and then dyd feyched the resedue unto the pelers; and ther was an oration red unto them by the old sergants, and so done they whent unto Gray('s) in; and her be ther names, master [Brook] recorder, master Gaude, master Stamford, master Dyer, master Carrell.

Note. Seven serjeants of the coif. The king's warrant to the lord chancellor to make out writs to these new serjeants, was dated in June preceding. Their names were, Robert Brook, James Dyer, John Caryll, Thomas Gawdy, Richard Catlyn, Ralph Rokeby, William Stamford, and William Dallison.—In line 6 of this paragraph fill up the blank with the word [council], that is, privy councillors.

21 Oct 1552. The xxj day of October was the feneralle of a gentyll knyght, ser Thomas Jarmyn (deceased), the best housekeper in the contey of Suffoke, with ys standard and ys penone of armes, cot-armur, target, and sword, and skochyons; and he kept a godly chapel of syngyng men, for the contray have a gret loss of ys deth, as any contrey in England.

Note. P. 27. Funeral of sir Thomas Jermyn. Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk in 33 Hen. VIII. 1541. His brave housekeeping and goodly chapel of singing-men were kept at Rushbrooke hall, near Bury St. Edmund's, where his family had been seated from a very early period. He was the lineal ancestor of Henry Jermyn, created lord Jermyn of Edmundsbury by king Charles I. and earl of St. Alban's by Charles II.

21 Oct 1552. .... a grett bage off ... and so ys here was naylyd to the pelory .. by-syd syd of ym hangyd a bage of contu .. ys neke hangyd a-pone strynges a gret nombur ..

Tudor Books, Henry Machyn's Diary 1552 December

16 Dec 1552. The xvj day of Dessember was stallyd at Wy[ndsor] [Map] the erle of Westmerland (age 27) and ser Andrew Dodley (age 45) off the nobull order of the garter.

15 Dec 1552. The xv day of Desember was (buried) good master Deyffenett, marchand-tayller of London, and .. warden of the Marchandtayllers, and he gayff ... gowne for men and women of rat coller of ... yerde, and he gayffe as mony blake gownes ... and he gayff iij prest gownes of blake, master (blank), master Samsum, and ys curett; and ther was the master and ys compeny in ther leverer, and the compeny of Clarkes a xxx, and Samsum dyd pryche at (the) berehyng .. on the morowe affter dyd (unfinished.)

Note. Funeral of master Davenet. This name was not Davenant, as might be imagined from our author's usual cacography. A later member of the family, John Davennet, was warden of the Merchant-taylors in 1592–3. Wilson's Merchant-taylors' School, p. 1151.

19 Dec 1552. The xix day of Desember was bered master John Semer (age 25), the eldest sune unto the duke of Somersett latt dyssesyd, and bered at the hospetall of Savoy, and ther was a dolle.

Note. Funeral of master John Seymour. His will, dated Dec. 7, 1552, and proved April 26, 1553, is recorded in the prerogative court of Canterbury, and briefly quoted in Collins's Peerage. He died unmarried, making his whole brother sir Edward Seymour, the ancestor of the present duke of Somerset, his heir.

21 Dec 1552. The xxj day of Desember rod to Tyborne [Map] to be hangyd for a robery done on Honsley heth, iij talmen and a lake.

23 Dec 1552. The xxiij day of Desember the Kynges (age 15) grace removyd from Westmynster unto Grenwyche [Map] to kepe ys Crystymas, and so he begane to kepe Halle, and ys grasse had a lord of myss-rulle, keepyng goodly pastyme, for ys grace('s) plesur, and with alle passtyme as have bene sene.

Note. The king's lord of misrule. This important officer was "a gentleman, wise and learned, named George Ferrers." (Holinshed, 1st edit. p. 1709.) He was a member of Lincoln's Inn. (Stowe's Chronicle, p. 608.) Many curious documents respecting his revels in this and subsequent years are printed in Kempe's Loseley Manuscripts, 8vo. 1835, pp. 24, et seq. George Ferrers was probably the same person who, being member of Parliament for Plymouth in 1542, was arrested for debt in the city of London, and committed to the counter: whereupon he was reclaimed by the house of commons, and the sheriffs committed to the Tower: see a long narrative in the histories of London.

The procession of the lord of misrule, or "lord of merry disports" (as he was also called), into London, which occurs subsequently in this page, is also described in Stowe's Chronicle, p. 608: "hee was received by sergeant Vawce, lord of misrule to John Mainard one of the sheriffes of London."

23 Dec 1552. .... chylderyn of hospetalle to ... chylderyn men-kyns and women in fry[se, and the] boysse red cape skotys, and every boy a pe ..; and master Maynard (age 43) the shreyff had a lord of [misrule, and] the mores dansse, with a good compeny.

Note. Children of hospital. This passage, when perfect, seems to have described the Christmas treatment of the children of Christ's Hospital, which, together with the two sister hospitals of St. Thomas and Bridewell, had just been founded by the city with the assistance of the crown. Its original object was to serve for all the fatherless children of London,—"to take the childe out of the strete, which was the seede and increase of beggary, by reason of ydle bringing-up, and to noryshe the same chylde in some good learning and exercise profitable to the common weale."—It was only on the 21st of the preceding month (Nov. 1552) that the children had been first taken into the hospital, "to the numbre of fower hundred." Stowe's Summarie, 1566.