Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France

Dukes of France is in France Nobilty.

1396 Battle of Nicopolis

1415 Battle of Agincourt

1745 Battle of Fontenoy

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Alençon

On 25 Oct 1415 King Henry V of England (age 29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. King Henry V of England (age 29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys (age 64) commanded the Rearguard.

Richard de Vere 11th Earl of Oxford (age 30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester (age 25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother King Henry V of England (age 29).

Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, Earl of Rutland and Earl Cork extinct. Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke York (age 4) inherited his estates including Conisbrough Castle [Map].

John Fortescue (age 35), Dafydd Gam Brecon (age 35) and Edward Burnell (age 44) and Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine (age 38) were killed.

Michael de la Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk (age 21) was killed. His brother William "Jackanapes" de la Pole 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk.

The English included: Louis Robbessart (age 25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux (age 26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu (age 41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke (age 51), Edward Courtenay (age 30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell (age 12), Thomas Dutton (age 19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers of Chartley (age 29), Roger Fiennes (age 31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh (age 57), John Grey (age 28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville (age 31), William Harrington (age 42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford (age 37), Piers Legh (age 26) (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury (age 27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal 5th Baron Morley (age 22), John Rodney, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope of Bolton (age 22), Robert Strelley (age 18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley, 2nd Baron Tuchet (age 17), Robert Umfraville (age 52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West (age 35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby (age 30). Thomas Erpingham (age 60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston (age 26) was present. Thomas Strickland (age 48) carried the Banner of St George.

Thomas Tunstall (age 57) was killed.


The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert (age 35), Walter Sais (age 95), Roger Vaughan (age 70) and his son Roger Vaughan (age 5). Owen Tudor (age 15) is believed to have been present as a squire.


The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret (age 46), Philip Valois II Count Nevers (age 26), John of Bar (age 35), Jacques Chatillon (age 48), David Rambures (age 51) and his three sons: Jean Rambures, Hugues Rambures, Philippe Rambures, Waleran Luxemburg (age 60) and Hector de Chartres were killed.

Charles Valois Duke Orléans (age 20) was captured by Richard Waller (age 20) for which he was knighted on the battlefield by King Henry V of England (age 29).

John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon (age 34) and Charles Artois Count Eu (age 21) were captured.

Robert of Bar Count Soissons Count Marle (age 25) was killed. His daughter Jeanne of Bar Countess Soissons succeeded Countess Soissons 1367.

Edward of Bar III Duke of Bar (age 38) was killed. His brother Cardinal Louis of Bar (age 38) succeeded I Duke Bar.

John Valois I Duke Alençon was killed. His son John Valois II Duke Alençon (age 6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.

Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont (age 47) was killed. His son Antoine Count of Vaudémont (age 15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.

Anthony Valois Duke Brabant (age 31) was killed. His son John Valois IV Duke Brabant (age 12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant and Gloucester (age 14) by marriage Duchess Brabant.

Jean II Le Maingre "Boucicaut" (age 49) was captured.

Georges de La Trémoille (age 33) was captured.

In 1437 John Valois II Duke Alençon (age 27) and Marie Armagnac Duchess Alençon (age 17) were married. She by marriage Duchess Alençon. She the daughter of John IV Count Armagnac (age 40) and Isabella Évreux Countess Armagnac. He the son of John Valois I Duke Alençon and Marie Montfort Duchess Alençon (age 45). They were second cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 08 Sep 1476 John Valois II Duke Alençon (age 67) died. His son Rene Valois Duke Alençon (age 22) succeeded Duke Alençon.

On 14 May 1488 Rene Valois Duke Alençon (age 34) and Margaret Lorraine Duchess Alençon (age 25) were married. She by marriage Duchess Alençon. She the daughter of Frederick Lorraine Count Vaudémont and Yolande Valois Anjou. He the son of John Valois II Duke Alençon and Marie Armagnac Duchess Alençon. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 01 Nov 1492 Rene Valois Duke Alençon (age 38) died. His son Charles Valois IV Duke Alençon (age 3) succeeded IV Duke Alençon.

John Valois I Duke Alençon was created I Duke Alençon.

John Valois I Duke Alençon and Marie Montfort Duchess Alençon were married. She by marriage Duchess Alençon. She the daughter of John Montfort V Duke Brittany and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England. He the son of Peter Valois II Count Alençon and Marie Chamaillart Countess Alençon. They were second cousin twice removed. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Angoulême

In 1619 Charles Valois Duke Angoulême (age 45) was created Duke Angoulême.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Auvergne

In 1360 John Valois 1st Duke Berry (age 19) was created 1st Duke Berry and 1st Duke Auvergne.

On 15 Jun 1416 John Valois 1st Duke Berry (age 75) died. Duke Berry extinct. His daughter Marie Valois I Duchess Auverge (age 41) succeeded I Duchess Auvergne.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Bar

In 1354 Robert of Bar 1st Duke of Bar (age 9) was created 1st Duke Bar. Marie Valois Duchess Bar (age 9) by marriage Duchess Bar.

On 25 Sep 1396 at the Battle of Nicopolis ...

Henry of Bar (age 32) was captured.

Philippe of Bar (age 24) was killed. His brother Edward of Bar III Duke of Bar (age 19) succeeded III Duke Bar.

Philip Artois Count Eu (age 39) was captured.

On 25 Oct 1415 King Henry V of England (age 29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. King Henry V of England (age 29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys (age 64) commanded the Rearguard.

Richard de Vere 11th Earl of Oxford (age 30) commanded. Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester (age 25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother King Henry V of England (age 29).

Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. Duke Albemarle aka Aumale, Earl of Rutland and Earl Cork extinct. Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke York (age 4) inherited his estates including Conisbrough Castle [Map].

John Fortescue (age 35), Dafydd Gam Brecon (age 35) and Edward Burnell (age 44) and Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine (age 38) were killed.

Michael de la Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk (age 21) was killed. His brother William "Jackanapes" de la Pole 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk.

The English included: Louis Robbessart (age 25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick (age 33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux (age 26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu (age 41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke (age 51), Edward Courtenay (age 30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell (age 12), Thomas Dutton (age 19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers of Chartley (age 29), Roger Fiennes (age 31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh (age 57), John Grey (age 28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville (age 31), William Harrington (age 42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford (age 37), Piers Legh (age 26) (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury (age 27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal 5th Baron Morley (age 22), John Rodney, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope of Bolton (age 22), Robert Strelley (age 18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley, 2nd Baron Tuchet (age 17), Robert Umfraville (age 52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West (age 35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby (age 30). Thomas Erpingham (age 60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston (age 26) was present. Thomas Strickland (age 48) carried the Banner of St George.

Thomas Tunstall (age 57) was killed.


The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert (age 35), Walter Sais (age 95), Roger Vaughan (age 70) and his son Roger Vaughan (age 5). Owen Tudor (age 15) is believed to have been present as a squire.


The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret (age 46), Philip Valois II Count Nevers (age 26), John of Bar (age 35), Jacques Chatillon (age 48), David Rambures (age 51) and his three sons: Jean Rambures, Hugues Rambures, Philippe Rambures, Waleran Luxemburg (age 60) and Hector de Chartres were killed.

Charles Valois Duke Orléans (age 20) was captured by Richard Waller (age 20) for which he was knighted on the battlefield by King Henry V of England (age 29).

John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon (age 34) and Charles Artois Count Eu (age 21) were captured.

Robert of Bar Count Soissons Count Marle (age 25) was killed. His daughter Jeanne of Bar Countess Soissons succeeded Countess Soissons 1367.

Edward of Bar III Duke of Bar (age 38) was killed. His brother Cardinal Louis of Bar (age 38) succeeded I Duke Bar.

John Valois I Duke Alençon was killed. His son John Valois II Duke Alençon (age 6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.

Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont (age 47) was killed. His son Antoine Count of Vaudémont (age 15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.

Anthony Valois Duke Brabant (age 31) was killed. His son John Valois IV Duke Brabant (age 12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant and Gloucester (age 14) by marriage Duchess Brabant.

Jean II Le Maingre "Boucicaut" (age 49) was captured.

Georges de La Trémoille (age 33) was captured.

In 1483 René Lorraine II Duke Lorraine Duke of Bar (age 31) succeeded Duke Bar.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Beaufort

François Bourbon Vendôme 2nd Duke Beaufort succeeded 2nd Duke Beaufort.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Berry

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Berry

On 29 Apr 1550 Margaret Valois Duchess Berry and Savoy (age 26) was created Duke Berry.

In 1559 Emmanuel Philibert Duke of Savoy (age 30) and Margaret Valois Duchess Berry and Savoy (age 35) were married. She by marriage Duchess Savoy. He by marriage Duke Berry. She the daughter of King Francis I of France and Claude Valois Orléans Queen Consort France. He the son of Charles 3rd Duke Savoy and Beatrice Aviz Duchess Savoy. They were half first cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Berry

In 1360 John Valois 1st Duke Berry (age 19) was created 1st Duke Berry and 1st Duke Auvergne.

Before 1362 John Valois 1st Duke Berry (age 21) and Joanne Armagnac Duchess Berry (age 15) were married. She by marriage Duchess Berry. She the daughter of John I Count Armagnac (age 50) and Beatrice Clermont Countess Armagnac (age 33). He the son of King John "The Good" II of France (age 42) and Bonne Luxemburg Queen Consort France. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

In 1389 John Valois 1st Duke Berry (age 48) and Joan II Countess of Auvergne Duchess Berry (age 11) were married. She by marriage Duchess Berry. The difference in their ages was 37 years. She the daughter of John II Count Auvergne and Aliénor de Comminges. He the son of King John "The Good" II of France and Bonne Luxemburg Queen Consort France. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 15 Jun 1416 John Valois 1st Duke Berry (age 75) died. Duke Berry extinct. His daughter Marie Valois I Duchess Auverge (age 41) succeeded I Duchess Auvergne.

Charles Bourbon Duke Berry Duke Alençon Duke Angoulême and Marie Louise Élisabeth Bourbon Duchess Berry were married. She by marriage Duchess Berry. She the daughter of Philippe Bourbon II Duke Orléans and Françoise Marie Bourbon Duchess Orléans. He the son of Louis "Le Grand Dauphin" Bourbon Duke Burgundy and Maria Anna Victoria Wittelsbach Duchess Burgundy. They were half first cousins. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Enghien

Henri Jules Bourbon Condé Prince Condé was appointed Duke Enghien.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Estouteville

On 09 Feb 1534 Francis Bourbon Duke Estouteville (age 42) and Adrienne Estouteville Duchess Estouteville (age 21) were married. She by marriage Countess Saint Pol. He by marriage Duke Estouteville. The difference in their ages was 21 years. He the son of Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme and Soissons and Marie Luxemburg Countess Vendôme and Soissons. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Adrienne Estouteville Duchess Estouteville was appointed Duke Estouteville.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Gramont

In 1741 Antoine 5th Duke of Gramont (age 53) died. His brother Louis 6th Duke of Gramont (age 51) succeeded 6th Duke Gramont.

On 11 May 1745 the allied army commanded by William Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland (age 24) was defeated by a French army at the Battle of Fontenay.

George Cholmondeley (age 20), George Keppel 3rd Earl Albermarle (age 21), Joseph Yorke 1st Baron Dover (age 20) and John Waldegrave 3rd Earl Waldegrave (age 27) fought.

Henry Ponsonby (age 60), James Dillon and Robert Douglas were killed.

George Sackville aka Germain 1st Viscount Sackville (age 29) led the charge of the Duke of Cumberland's infantry leading his regiment so deep into the French lines that when he was wounded and captured he was taken to the tent of Louis XV.

Louis 6th Duke of Gramont (age 55) was killed. His son Antoine 7th Duke Gramont (age 23) succeeded 7th Duke Gramont.

In 1801 Antoine 8th Duke Gramont (age 45) succeeded 8th Duke Gramont.

In 1801 Antoine 7th Duke Gramont (age 79) died. His son Antoine 8th Duke Gramont (age 45) succeeded 8th Duke Gramont. Aglae de Polignac "Guichette" Duchess Gramont (age 32) by marriage Duchess Gramont.

On 28 Aug 1836 Antoine 8th Duke Gramont (age 81) died. His son Antoine Héraclius Agénor 9th Duc de Gramont (age 47) succeeded 9th Duke Gramont.

On 04 Mar 1855 Antoine Héraclius Agénor 9th Duc de Gramont (age 65) died. His son Agénor 10th Duc de Gramont (age 35) succeeded 10th Duke Gramont.

On 17 Jan 1880 Agénor 10th Duc de Gramont (age 60) died. His son Antoine Alfred Agénor de Gramont 11th Duc de Gramont (age 28) succeeded 11th Duke Gramont. Marguerite de Rothschild Duchess Gramont (age 24) by marriage Duchess Gramont.

On 03 Aug 1907 Antoine Alfred Agénor de Gramont 11th Duc de Gramont (age 55) and Princess Maria Ruspoli (age 19) were married. She by marriage Duchess Gramont. The difference in their ages was 36 years. He the son of Agénor 10th Duc de Gramont.

On 30 Jan 1925 Antoine Alfred Agénor de Gramont 11th Duc de Gramont (age 73) died. His son Armand de Gramont 12th Duc de Gramont (age 45) succeeded 12th Duke Gramont. Élaine Greffulhe Duchess Gramont (age 42) by marriage Duchess Gramont.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Maine

Louis Auguste Bourbon Duke Maine was created 1st Duke Maine.

Charles "Younger" King Franks was appointed Duke Maine.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Monpensier

In Feb 1538 Louise Bourbon Duchess of Monpensier (age 56) was created Duke Monpensier.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Narbonne

In 1061 William Rouerge Duke Narbonne (age 21) was appointed Duke Narbonne.

William Rouerge Duke Narbonne and Emma Mortain Duchess Narbonne were married. She by marriage Duchess Narbonne. She the daughter of Robert Mortain Count Mortain 1st Earl Cornwall and Matilda or Maud Montgomery. He the son of Pons Rouerge Margrave Provence and Almodis La Marche Margrave Provence.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Poligac

On 20 Sep 1780 Jules 1st Duke of Polignac (age 34) was created 1st Duke Poligac.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Septimania

Bernard Poitiers Duke Septimania was appointed Duke Septimania.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Thouars

In Jul 1563 Louis III de La Tremoille 1st Duke Thouars (age 42) was created 1st Duke Thouars. Jeanne Montmorency (age 35) by marriage Duchess Thouars.

On 25 Mar 1577 Louis III de La Tremoille 1st Duke Thouars (age 56) died. His son Claude de La Tremoille 2nd Duke Thouars (age 11) succeeded 2nd Duke Thouars.

After 1597 Claude de La Tremoille 2nd Duke Thouars (age 31) and Charlotte Flandrina Orange Nassau (age 17) were married. She by marriage Duchess Thouars. He the son of Louis III de La Tremoille 1st Duke Thouars and Jeanne Montmorency.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Toulose

In 790 William Poitiers Duke Toulose (age 35) was appointed Duke Toulose.

Culture, France Nobilty, Dukes of France, Duke Touraine

In 1386 Louis Valois Duke Touraine I Duke Orléans (age 13) was appointed Duke Touraine.

Around 1424 Archibald Douglas 2nd Duke Touraine (age 34) and Euphemia Graham Lady Hamilton (age 16) were married. She by marriage Duchess Touraine, Countess Wigtown. She the daughter of Patrick Graham and Eupheme Stewart 2nd Countess of Strathearn and Caithness. He the son of Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine (age 52) and Margaret Stewart Duchess Touraine. They were half second cousins.

On 29 Apr 1424 Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine (age 52) was created 1st Duke Touraine by Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 21); he was the first non-Frenchman to be appiinted Duke in France. Charles had also appointed him Lieutenant General in the waging of war in the Kingdom of France. Margaret Stewart Duchess Touraine by marriage Duchess Touraine.

On 17 Aug 1424 Archibald Douglas 2nd Duke Touraine (age 34) succeeded 2nd Duke Touraine, 2nd Earl Wigtown, 5th Lord Douglas, 2nd Lord Annandale, 2nd Lord Galloway, 2nd Lord Bothwell.

On 26 Jun 1439 Archibald Douglas 2nd Duke Touraine (age 49) died. His son William Douglas 3rd Duke Touraine (age 15) succeeded 3rd Duke Touraine, 3rd Earl Wigtown, 6th Lord Douglas, 3rd Lord Annandale, 3rd Lord Galloway, 3rd Lord Bothwell. Janet Lindsay Countess Wigtown (age 12) by marriage Countess Wigtown.