On this Day in History ... 02 March

02 Mar is in March.

1127 Murder of Charles Count of Flanders

1401 Parliament Henry IV 2: 32 Suppression of the Lollards

1667 Poll Bill

Bede. 02 Mar 672. Ceadda died on the 2nd of March, and was first buried by St. Mary's Church [Map], but afterwards, when the church [Map] of the most holy prince of the apostles, Peter, was built, his bones were translated into it. In both which places, as a testimony of his virtue, frequent miraculous cures are wont to be wrought. And of late, a certain distracted person, who had been wandering about everywhere, arrived there in the evening, unknown or unregarded by the keepers of the place, and having rested there all the night, went out in his perfect senses the next morning, to the surprise and delight of all; thus showing that a cure had been performed on him through the goodness of God. The place of the sepulchre is a wooden monument, made like a little house, covered, having a hole in the wall, through which those that go thither for devotion usually put in their hand and take out some of the dust, which they put into water and give to sick cattle or men to drink, upon which they are presently eased of their infirmity, and restored to health. In his place, Theodore (age 70) ordained Winfrid, a good and modest man, to preside, as his predecessors had done, over the bishoprics of the Mercians, the Midland Angles, and the Lindisfarnes, of all which, Wulfhere (age 32), who was still living, was king. Winfrid was one of the clergy of the prelate he had succeeded, and had for a considerable time filled the office of deacon under him.

On 02 Mar 672 Bishop Chad of Mercia died. He was buried at Lichfield Cathedral [Map].

On 02 Mar 968 William Saxon Ottonian Archbishop Mainz (age 39) died.

On 02 Mar 1121 Floris II Gerulfing II Count Holland (age 36) died. His son Dirk Gerulfing VI Count Holland (age 7) succeeded VI Count Holland.

On 02 Mar 1127 Charles Estrigen I Count Flanders (age 43) was murdered at Church of St Donatian. His second cousin William Clito Normandy Count Flanders (age 24) succeeded Count Flanders. Sibylla Anjou Countess Essex and Flanders (age 15) by marriage Countess Flanders.

1127 Murder of Charles Count of Flanders

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 02 Mar 1127. In the Lent-tide of this same year was the Earl Charles of Flanders (age 43) slain in a church, as he lay there and prayed to God, before the altar, in the midst of the mass, by his own men.

On 02 Mar 1316 King Robert II of Scotland was born to Walter Stewart 6th High Steward (age 20) and Marjory Bruce (age 20) at Paisley Abbey. His mother Marjory Bruce (age 20) died in childbirth. He a great x 3 grandson of King John "Lackland" of England.

On 02 Mar 1378 Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford was born to Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford (age 42) and Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford (age 44). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 32 Suppression of the Lollards

In Mar 1401. Henry IV's (age 33) Parliament enacted "De heretico comburendo" by which heretics were to be burned at the stake in reation to the Lollard movement.

The request "... the said church would be injured or gravely oppressed or even perturbed by certain perverse doctrines, or wicked, heretical or erroneous opinions; nevertheless, various perfidious and perverse people of a certain new sect, believing damnable things of the said faith, the sacrament of the church, and its authority, rashly usurping the office of preacher, contrary to divine and ecclesiastical law, perversely and maliciously preach and teach these days, publicly and secretly, under simulation of the colour of sanctity, various new doctrines and wicked, heretical and erroneous opinions, contrary to this same faith and the holy decrees of the sacrosanct church ...".

The answer: "and they shall cause these same persons to be publicly burnt in a high place; and may punishment of this sort strike fear into the minds of others.".

On 02 Mar 1401 William Sawtrey was the first heretic to be burned although his burning pre-dated the statute.


On 02 Mar 1484 Ralph Fitzherbert (age 56) died at Norbury, Derbyshire [Map]. He was buried at Church of St Barlok, Norbury [Map].

On 20 Oct 1490 Elizabeth Marshall (age 53) died. She was buried at Church of St Barlok, Norbury [Map].

Monument to Ralph and Elizabeth. Finely made in Chellaston alabaster of the Fluted Period. Possibly Harpur and Moorecock of Burton on Trent.

Ralph Fitzherbert: Ralph Fitzherbert and Elizabeth Marshall were married. Around 1428 he was born to Nicholas Fitzherbert (age 28) and Alice Booth (age 14) at Norbury, Derbyshire.

Elizabeth Marshall: Around 1437 she was born to John Marshall (age 26).

Bobbed hair with finely detailed ringlets. No facial hair. Suns and Roses Collar and the Fitzherbert Clenched Fist Crest.

His effigy notable for being the only remaining with the Yorkist Boar Pendant (boar of Richard III) on his Suns and Roses Collar.

A finely carved Horned Headdress.

A finely carved collar with Mary and baby Jesus pendant.

Fine Sabatons, the armoured feet, with spurs. Note the Bedesman, looking somewhat bored, under the right foot. Unlikely the sculptor had ever seen a lion. Feet resting on a Lion with Swirling Tail and Chunky Lions Mane.

The chest finely made with weepers on the three extant sides. On one side five single men (a knight, a monk, two merchants and one unknown), and one couple. On the other side women, four single, two duos. Ralph and Elizabeth had twelve children, six male, six female so probable the weepers represent their children, possibly with spouses, possibly with offspring since in the two females duos there is a noticeable difference in height.

Excellent weepers on all sides, probably their issue, possibly with grandchildren, on the longer sides since they had six boys and six girls. Chest with Weepers holding Shields.

On 02 Mar 1543 John Neville 3rd Baron Latimer (age 49) died at London. He was buried at St Paul's Cathedral [Map]. His son John Neville 4th Baron Latimer of Snape (age 23) succeeded 4th Baron Latimer of Snape.

On 02 Mar 1573 Johann Wilhelm Wettin Duke Saxe Weimar (age 42) died. His son Friedrich Wilhelm Wettin I Duke Saxe Weimar (age 10) succeeded I Duke Saxe Weimar.

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On 02 Mar 1637 Edward Bourchier 4th Earl Bath (age 47) died. He was buried at St Peter's Church, Tawstock [Map]. His first cousin once removed Henry Bourchier 5th Earl Bath (age 50) succeeded 5th Earl Bath 2C 1536. Baron Daubeney and Baron Fitzwarin abeyant between his three daughters Elizabeth Bourchier Countess Denbigh (age 11), Dorothy Bourchier (age 10) and Anne Bourchier Countess Middlesex (age 6) and their coheirs.

Between 02 Mar 1662 and 1671 Anthony Grey 1453- 1490-11th Earl Kent (age 26) and Mary Lucas Countess Kent (age 18) were married. She by marriage Countess Kent. He the son of Henry Grey 10th Earl Kent and Amabel Benn Countess Kent (age 54).

Poll Bill

Pepy's Diary. 02 Mar 1667. Up, and to the office, where sitting all the morning, and among other things did agree upon a distribution of £30,000 and odd, which is the only sum we hear of like to come out of all the Poll Bill for the use of this office for buying of goods. I did herein some few courtesies for particular friends I wished well to, and for the King's service also, and was therefore well pleased with what was done.

On 02 Mar 1684 Christopher Wandesford 2nd Viscount Castlecomer was born to Christopher Wandesford 1st Viscount Castlecomer (age 27) and Elizabeth Montagu.


On 02 Mar 1702 Charles Stourton 15th Baron Stourton was born to Charles Stourton (age 32).

On 02 Mar 1705 William Murray 1st Earl Mansfield was born to David Murray 5th Viscount of Stormont (age 40) and Marjory Scott Viscountess Stormont.

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On 02 Mar 1763 William Knollys 8th Earl Banbury was born to Thomas Woods Knollys 7th Earl Banbury (age 35) and Mary Porter (age 20).

On 02 Mar 1767 William Anne Capell 4th Earl Essex (age 34) and Harriet Bladen Countess Essex (age 32) were married. She by marriage Countess Essex. He the son of William Capell 3rd Earl Essex and Elizabeth Russell Countess Essex (age 56).

On 02 Mar 1780 Armar Lowry-Corry 1st Earl Belmore (age 39) and Harriet Hobart Viscountess Belmore (age 17) were married. She by marriage Countess Belmore in the County of Fermanagh. The difference in their ages was 22 years. She the daughter of John Hobart 2nd Earl Buckinghamshire (age 56) and Mary Anne Drury Countess Buckinghamshire.


PAINTINGS/PILO/Self.jpgBefore 02 Mar 1793.Carl Gustaf Pilo (age 81). Self-Portrait.

On 02 Mar 1797 Horace Walpole 4th Earl Orford (age 79) died unmarried. Earl Orford 2C 1742 extinct.


On 02 Mar 1802 John Bateman 2nd Viscount Culmore (age 80) died without issue. Viscount Culmore and Baron Culmore in Londonderry extinct.


On 02 Mar 1809 Charles John Cary 9th Viscount Falkland (age 40) died.

On 02 Mar 1826 Charles Gordon 10th Marquess Huntly (age 34) and Elizabeth Conyngham Marchioness Huntly (age 27) were married. She the daughter of Henry Conyngham 1st Marquess Conyngham (age 59) and Elizabeth Denison Marchioness Conyngham (age 56). He the son of George Gordon 9th Marquess Huntly (age 64) and Catherine Anne Cope Marchioness Huntly (age 55).


On 02 Mar 1835 Francis Lorraine II Holy Roman Emperor (age 67) was appointed 643rd Knight of the Garter by King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland during the Regency. at Vienna.


On 02 Mar 1855 Philip Henry Stanhope 4th Earl Stanhope (age 73) died. His son Philip Stanhope 5th Earl Stanhope (age 50) succeeded 5th Earl Stanhope.


On 02 Mar 1869 Hugh Gough 1st Viscount Gough (age 89) died at his home St Helen's Booterstown. He was buried at Stillorgan. His son George Gough 2nd Viscount Gough (age 54) succeeded 2nd Viscount Gough of Goojerat in the Punjab and of the City of Limerick. Jane Arbuthnot Viscountess Gough (age 52) by marriage Viscountess Gough of Goojerat in the Punjab and of the City of Limerick.

On 02 Mar 1874 Dudley Marjoribanks 3rd Baron Tweedmouth was born to Edward Marjoribanks 2nd Baron Tweedmouth (age 24) and Fanny Octavia Louise Spencer-Churchill (age 21).

After 02 Mar 1917. Monument to Henry John Cockayne-Cust (deceased) in St Peter and St Paul Church, Belton [Map] sculpted by his wife Emmeline "Nina" Welby-Gregory (age 50).

Henry John Cockayne-Cust: On 10 Oct 1861 he was born to Henry Cockayne-Cust (age 42) and Sara Jane Cookson. On 11 Oct 1893 Henry John Cockayne-Cust (age 32) and Emmeline "Nina" Welby-Gregory (age 26) were married. On 02 Mar 1917 Henry John Cockayne-Cust (age 55) died. Monument to Henry John Cockayne-Cust (age 55) in St Peter and St Paul Church, Belton.


On 02 Mar 1947 Bishop Leslie Owen (age 61) died. He was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

On 02 Mar 1964 Osborne De Vere Beauclerk 12th Duke St Albans (age 89) died. His second cousin Charles Beauclerk 13th Duke St Albans (age 48) succeeded 13th Duke St Albans 1C 1684, 13th Earl Burford, 13th Baron Heddington. Suzanne Marie Fesq Duchess St Albans (age 42) by marriage Duchess St Albans.

On 02 Mar 2013 Diana Mary Pelham 15th Baroness Conyers 9th Fauconberg (age 92) died. Baron Conyers 1C 1509 and Baron Fauconberg abeyant between her two daughters.