05 Jan is in January.
On 05 Jan 1053 the head of Rhys ap Rhydderch was brought before King Edward "Confessor" of England (age 50).
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1066. About midwinter King Edward (age 63) came to Westminster, and had the minster there consecrated, which he had himself built to the honour of God, and St. Peter, and all God's saints. This church-hallowing was on Childermas-day. He died on the eve of twelfth-day; and he was buried on twelfth-day in the same minster; as it is hereafter said. Here Edward king86, of Angles lord, sent his stedfast soul to Christ. In the kingdom of God a holy spirit! He in the world here abode awhile, in the kingly throng of council sage. Four and twenty winters wielding the sceptre freely, wealth he dispensed. In the tide of health, the youthful monarch, offspring of Ethelred! ruled well his subjects; the Welsh and the Scots, and the Britons also, Angles and Saxons relations of old. So apprehend the first in rank, that to Edward all the noble king were firmly held high-seated men. Blithe-minded aye was the harmless king; though he long ere, of land bereft, abode in exile wide on the earth; when Knute o'ercame the kin of Ethelred, and the Danes wielded the dear kingdom of Engle-land. Eight and twenty winters' rounds they wealth dispensed. Then came forth free in his chambers, in royal array, good, pure, and mild, Edward the noble; by his country defended- by land and people. Until suddenly came the bitter Death and this king so dear snatched from the earth. Angels carried his soul sincere into the light of heaven. But the prudent king had settled the realm on high-born men- on Harold (age 44) himself, the noble earl; who in every season faithfully heard and obeyed his lord, in word and deed; nor gave to any what might be wanted by the nation's king. This year also was Earl Harold (age 44) hallowed to king; but he enjoyed little tranquillity therein the while that he wielded the kingdom.
Note 86. This threnodia on the death of Edward the Confessor will be found to correspond, both in metre and expression, with the poetical paraphrase of Genesis ascribed to Caedmon.
After 05 Jan 1066 King William "Conqueror" I of England (age 38) convened the Council of Lillebonne at Lillebonne to raise support for his claim to the English throne. The attendees are not known but likely to have included his companions at the subsequent Battle of Hastings including Roger "The Great" Montgomery 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and Bishop Odo of Bayeux.
Chronica Majora. 05 Jan 1237. In the year of our Lord 1237 which was the twentieth of the reign of King Henry the Third, he held his court at Christmas, at Winchester, whence he forthwith sent royal warrants throughout all the English territories, ordering all nobles belonging to the kingdom of England, namely, archbishops, bishops, abbats, installed priors, earls, and barons, all to assemble without fail in the octaves of the Epiphany at London, to arrange the royal business and matters concerning the whole kingdom. The nobles on hearing this immediately obeyed the king's summons, and accordingly on the day of St. Hilary, a countless multitude of nobles, namely, the whole community of the kingdom, came to London, and proceeded to the royal palace at Westminster to hear the king's pleasure. When they had all taken their seats, there stood up in the midst of them, one William de Kaele, a clerk and familiar of the king's, a discreet man and well skilled in the laws of the land, who, acting as a sort of mediator between the king and the nobles, disclosed to them the king's pleasure and intentions. "My lord the king," he said, "informs you that, whatever he may have done heretofore, he now and henceforth will, without hesitation, submit himself to the advice of all of you, as his faithful and natural subjects. But those men who have till now, in the management of his affairs, been in charge of his treasury, have rendered him an incorrect account of the moneys received by them, and owing to this the king is now destitute of money, without which any king is indeed destitute; he therefore humbly demands assistance from you in money, on the understanding that the money which may be raised by your good will shall be kept to be expended for the necessary uses of the kingdom, at the discretion of any of you elected for the purpose. "When the assembled nobles heard this speech, they each and all, not expecting anything of this sort, murmured greatly, and "Alter in alterius jactantes lumina vultus". [Each hearer lost in dire amaze, Turned on his neighbour's face his gaze.]
And they said to one another, Fuderunt partum montes: en ridiculus mus. [The labouring mountains shook the earth, And to a paltry mouse gave birth. This is a quote from Aesop's Fable "The Mountain in Labour". It refers to speech acts which promise much but deliver little].
They then replied with indignation that they were oppressed on all sides, so often promising and paying now the twentieth, now the thirtieth, and now the fiftieth part of their property, and they declared that it would be unworthy of them, and injurious to them, to allow a king so easily led awav, who had never repelled or even frightened one of the enemies of the kingdom, even the least of them, and who had never increased his territories but rather lessened them, and placed them under foreign yoke, to extort so much money, so often, and by so many arguments, from his natural subjects, as if they were slaves of the lowest condition, to their injury and for the benefit of foreigners. "When the king heard this, he wished to calm the general discontent, and promised on oath that he would never again provoke or annoy the nobles of the kingdom by injuring them in that way, provided that the thirtieth part of all moveable property in England was granted and paid to him for his present use; because the large sum of money which he had a little while before sent to the emperor (age 42) (as he stated) for the marriage of his sister (age 23), and also what he had spent at his own marriage, had in a great degree exhausted his money. To this they openly replied that he, the king, had done all this without the advice of his liege subjects, and they ought not to share the punishment as they were innocent of the crime. They however withdrew to a private place to consult about obeying the king's demand, and supplying his necessities, and to discuss the kind and quantity of assistance which was demanded. As they were withdrawing for this purpose, Gilbert Basset (age 49) said to the king in the hearing of all. and with less circimispection of speech than he ought, - "My lord king, send some one of your friends to be present at the conference of your barons." He was, when he said this, sitting on one side of the king, with only a few persons between them, and in reply to his speech, Richard Percy (age 67), who had been at the conference of the nobles, and was, not without cause, angry at it, said, "What is it, friend Gilbert, that you said? are we too foreigners, and are we not amongst the number of the king's friends? "And Gilbert felt himself rebuked by this unpleasant and sudden speech. And thus by a multipHcity of arguments the conference was protracted for four days.
On 05 Jan 1352 Thomas Berkeley 10th and 5th Baron Berkeley, Baron Lisle was born to Maurice Berkeley 9th and 4th Baron Berkeley (age 32) and Elizabeth Despencer Baroness Berkeley (age 27) at Berkeley Castle [Map]. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.
Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 05 Jan 1415. Ande that same yere, on the Twelfe the nyght, were a-restyd certayne personys, called Lollers, atte the sygne of the Ax, whithe owte Byschoppe ys gate, the whyche Lollers hadde caste to have made a mommynge at Eltham, and undyr coloure of the mommynge to have dystryte the kyng (age 28) and Hooly Chyrche. And they hadde ordaynyde to have hadde the fylde be-syde Syn Gylys. But, thonkyd be God Almyghty, owre kyng (age 28) hadde warnyng thereof, and he come unto London and toke the felde be syde Syn Jonys in Clerkynwelle; and as they come the kyng (age 28) toke them, and many othyr. And there was a knyght take that was namy[d] Syr Roger of Acton, and he was drawe and hanggyd be syde Syn Gyly, for the kynge let to be made iiij payre of galowys, the whiche that were i-callyd the Lollers galowys. Al so a preste that hyght Syr John Bevyrlay, and a squyer that hyght John Browne of Oldecastellys, they were hanggyd; and many moo were hanggyd and brent, to the nomber of xxxviij personys and moo.
On 05 Jan 1441 John Luxemburg II Count Ligny (age 49) died at Guise, Aisne.
Before 05 Jan 1442 John Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby (age 32) and Anne Holland Countess Douglas and Avondale were married. She the daughter of John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter (age 46) and Anne Stafford Duchess Exeter. They were second cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.
On 05 Jan 1453 brothers John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (age 22) and Thomas Neville (age 23), William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke (age 30), brothers Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond (age 22) and Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford (age 21) and Roger Lewknor were knighted by King Henry VI (age 31) at Greenwich [Map]
On 05 Jan 1465 Charles Valois Duke Orléans (age 70) died.
On 05 Jan 1605 King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 4) was created 1st Duke York 4C 1605 and Knight of the Bath by his father King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 38)
On 05 Jan 1617 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham (age 24) was created 1st Earl Buckingham 4C 1617 by King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 50); his favourite.
On or before 05 Jan 1652 Philip "Infamous Earl" Herbert 7th Earl Pembroke 4th Earl Montgomery was born to Philip Herbert 5th Earl Pembroke 2nd Earl Montgomery (age 31) and Catherine Villiers Countess Pembroke and Montgomery (age 31). He was baptised at St Benet's Church, Paul's Wharf [Map] on 05 Jan 1652.
On 05 Jan 1653 Christian Saxe Gotha Duke Saxe Eisenburg was born to Ernest "The Pious" Saxe Gotha I Duke Saxe Gotha (age 51) and Elisabeth Sophie Saxe Altenburg Duchess Saxe Gotha (age 33) at Gotha. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.15%.
On 05 Jan 1653 Lewis Watson 1st Baron Rockingham (age 65) died. His son Edward Watson 2nd Baron Rockingham (age 22) succeeded 2nd Baron Rockingham of Northampton, 2nd Baronet Watson of Rockingham Castle in Northamptonshire. Anne Wentworth Baroness Rockingham (age 23) by marriage Lady Watson of Rockingham Castle in Northamptonshire.
On 05 Jan 1709 David Wemyss 4th Earl Wemyss (age 31) and Mary Robinson were married at St Martin in the Fields [Map]. He the son of James Wemyss 1st Lord Burntisland and Margaret Wemyss Countess Cromartie 3rd Countess Wemyss.
On 05 Jan 1769 Charles Sackville 2nd Duke Dorset (age 57) died. His nephew John Frederick Sackville 3rd Duke Dorset (age 23) succeeded 3rd Duke Dorset 1C 1720, 9th Earl Dorset 4C 1604, 4th Earl Middlesex 2C 1675, 9th Baron Buckhurst 1C 1567, 4th Baron Cranfield of Cranfield in Middlesex.
On 05 Jan 1771 John Russell 4th Duke Bedford (age 60) died at Woburn. He was buried at Bedford Chapel St Michael's Church Chenies. His grandson Francis Russell 5th Duke Bedford (age 5) succeeded 5th Duke Bedford 6C 1694, 5th Marquess Tavistock, 9th Earl Bedford 3C 1551, 9th Baron Russell 1C 1539, 5th Baron Howland of Streatham.
After 05 Jan 1771 William Petty 1st Marquess Lansdowne (age 33) and Louisa Fitzpatrick Marchioness Lansdowne (age 16) were married. She by marriage Countess Shelburne in County Wexford. She the daughter of John Fitzpatrick 1st Earl Upper Ossory and Evelyn Leveson-Gower Countess Upper Ossory. He the son of John Petty-Fitzmaurice 1st Earl Shelburne.
On 05 Jan 1783 Henry Temple 2nd Viscount Palmerston (age 43) and Mary Mee Viscountess Palmerston were married. She by marriage Viscountess Palmerston of Palmerston in County Dublin.
On 05 Jan 1795 Jacobo Fitz James Stuart 11th Duke Veragua 6th Duke Berwick (age 3) died. On 05 Jan 1795 His brother Carlos Miguel Fitz James Stuart 12th Duke Veragua 7th Duke Berwick 14th Duke Alba succeeded 12th Duke Veragua, 7th Duke of Jérica, 7th Duke of Liria, 7th Duke Berwick.
On 05 Jan 1806 Charles Alexander Hohenzollern Margrave Brandenburg Ansbach (age 69) died.
Lieutenant-General Sir George Prévost 1st Baronet: On 19 May 1767 he was born. In 1805 Lieutenant-General Sir George Prévost 1st Baronet (age 37) was created 1st Baronet Prevost of Belmont in Hampshire. On 05 Jan 1816 Lieutenant-General Sir George Prévost 1st Baronet (age 48) died. His son George Prévost 2nd Baronet (age 12) succeeded 2nd Baronet Prevost of Belmont in Hampshire.
On 05 Jan 1854 William Conyngham Plunket 1st Baron Plunket (age 89) died. His son Bishop Thomas Plunket 2nd Baron Plunket (age 62) succeeded 2nd Baron Plunket of Newtown in County Cork.
On 05 Jan 1855 Charles Rawdon-Hastings 11th Earl Loudon was born to Charles Frederick Abney-Hastings 1st Baron Donington (age 32) and Edith Maud Rawdon-Hastings 10th Countess Loudon (age 21).
On 05 Jan 1889 Edward George Villiers Stanley 17th Earl of Derby (age 23) and Alice Maude Olivia Montagu Countess Derby (age 26) were married. She the daughter of William Drogo Montagu 7th Duke Manchester (age 65) and Louisa Vonalten Duchess Devonshire and Manchester (age 56). He the son of Frederick Arthur Stanley 16th Earl of Derby (age 47) and Constance Villiers Countess Derby (age 49).
On 05 Jan 1893 Henry St John 5th Viscount Bolingbroke 6th Viscount St John (age 72) and Mary Emily Elizabeth Howard Viscountess Bolingbroke and St John were married at the Registry Office in Bath [Map]. She by marriage Viscountess St John, Viscountess Bolingbroke. She had been his servant, subsequently housekeeper. The marriage was not revealed until after his death becoming something of a national scandal.
On 05 Jan 1895 Frederic Glyn 4th Baron Wolverton (age 30) and Edith Amelia Ward Baroness Wolverton (age 22) were married. She by marriage Baroness Wolverton. She the daughter of William Ward 1st Earl of Dudley and Georgina Moncrieffe Countess Dudley (age 48).
On 05 Jan 1896 Reginald Windsor Sackville 7th Earl De La Warr (age 78) died. His son Gilbert Sackville 8th Earl De La Warr (age 26) succeeded 8th Earl De La Warr, 8th Viscount Cantalupe, 14th Baron De La Warr 2C 1570 3rd Baron Buckhurst of Buckhurst in Sussex 2C 1864. Muriel Agnes Brassey Countess De La Warr by marriage Countess De La Warr.
On 05 Jan 1904 Alexander Murray 8th Earl of Dunmore (age 32) and Lucinda Dorothea Kemble Countess Dunmore were married. He the son of Charles Adolphus Murray 7th Earl Dunmore (age 62) and Gertrude Coke (age 57).
On 05 Jan 1952 Victor Alexander John Hope 2nd Marquess Linlithgow (age 64) died.
On 05 Jan 1954 George Victor Robert John Innes-Kerr 9th Duke Roxburghe (age 40) and Margaret Elizabeth Mcconnel Duchess Roxburghe (age 35) were married. She by marriage Duchess Roxburghe. He the son of Henry John Innes-Kerr 8th Duke Roxburghe.
On 05 Jan 1962 Casper Ingrams 19th Baron Darcy of Knayth was born to Rupert Ingrams Baron Darcy (age 22) and Davina Darcy 18th Baroness Darcy of Knayth (age 23).