Biography of Peter Lely 1618-1680

Peter Lely 1618-1680 is in Painters.

On 14 Sep 1618 Peter Lely was born Pieter van der Faes to Dutch parents in Soest.

Around 1641 Peter Lely (age 22). Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale (age 14).

After 28 Apr 1642 Peter Lely (age 23). Portrait of Diana Russell Countess Bradford.

Around 1643 Peter Lely (age 24) arrived in London.

Around 1645. Peter Lely (age 26). Portrait of Philip Sidney 3rd Earl of Leicester (age 25).

1645 Peter Lely (age 26). Portrait of Samuel Morland 1st Baronet (age 20).

Around 1647 Peter Lely (age 28). Portrait of James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde (age 36).

Around 1647. Studio of Peter Lely (age 28). Portrait of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire (age 29) although the painting says somewhat curiously 2nd Earl Devonshire.

Around 1648 Peter Lely (age 29). Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale (age 21).

Around 1650. Studio of Peter Lely (age 31). Portrait of Mary Sackville Countess Orrery (age 1).

Mary Sackville Countess Orrery: Roger Boyle 2nd Earl Orrery and she were married. She the daughter of Richard Sackville 5th Earl Dorset and Frances Cranfield Countess Dorset. He the son of Roger Boyle 1st Earl Orrery and Margaret Howard Countess Orrery. They were third cousins. On 04 Feb 1648 she was born to Richard Sackville 5th Earl Dorset and Frances Cranfield Countess Dorset. On 16 Oct 1679 Roger Boyle 1st Earl Orrery died. His son Roger Boyle 2nd Earl Orrery succeeded 2nd Earl Orrery. She by marriage Countess Orrery. On 04 Nov 1710 Mary Sackville Countess Orrery died.

Around 1650. Peter Lely (age 31). Portrait of Elizabeth Mytton Lady Wilbrahim (age 19).

Elizabeth Mytton Lady Wilbrahim: In 1631 she was born. In or before 1653 Thomas Wilbraham 3rd Baronet and she were married. On 31 Oct 1660 Thomas Wilbraham 2nd Baronet died. His son Thomas Wilbraham 3rd Baronet succeeded 3rd Baronet Wilbraham of Woodhey in Cheshire. She by marriage Lady Wilbraham of Woodhey in Cheshire. In 1703 she died.

Around 1650 Peter Lely (age 31). Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich (age 24).

Around 1650. Workshop of Peter Lely (age 31). Portrait of Judith Pelham (age 22).

Judith Pelham: In 1628 she was born to Thomas Pelham 2nd Baronet. On 07 Jun 1647 John Monson and she were married. On 21 Dec 1700 Judith Pelham died.

1650. Peter Lely (age 31). Portrait of Ralph Bankes (age 19).

Ralph Bankes: In 1631 he was born to John Bankes. In 1677 Ralph Bankes died.

Around 1650. Studio of Peter Lely (age 31). Portrait of Gertrude Pierrepont Marchioness Halifax.

From 1651 to 1680 Peter Lely (age 61) lived at 10 11 Great Piazza Covent Garden.

Around 1655 Peter Lely (age 36). Portrait of (probably) Anne Percy 2nd Countess Chesterfield. A three quarter-length portrait of a young woman, seated, looking slightly to the left, her right hand on the head of a sculptured dolphin-fountain and wearing a grey dress, with an old-gold mantle against a foliage background.

Anne Percy 2nd Countess Chesterfield: In or before 1635 she was born to Algernon Percy 10th Earl of Northumberland and Anne Cecil. In 1652 Philip Stanhope 2nd Earl Chesterfield and she were married. She by marriage Countess Chesterfield. She the daughter of Algernon Percy 10th Earl of Northumberland and Anne Cecil. He the son of Henry Stanhope and Katherine Wotton Countess Chesterfield. In 1654 Anne Percy 2nd Countess Chesterfield died.

Around 1655 Peter Lely (age 36). Portrait of Mary "Moll" Davis (age 7).

Around 1655 Peter Lely (age 36). Portrait of Frances Cromwell Baroness Russell (age 17).

Around 1658 Peter Lely (age 39). Portrait of Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland (age 13).

Around 1658 Peter Lely (age 39). Portrait of Anne St John Countess Rochester (age 43).

Evelyn's Diary. 09 Jun 1658. I went to see the Earl of Northumberland's (age 55) pictures, whereof that of the Venetian Senators was one of the best of Titian's and another of Andrea del Sarto, viz, a Madonna, Christ, St. John, and an Old Woman; a St. Catherine of Da Vinci, with divers portraits of Vandyck; a Nativity of Georgioni; the last of our blessed Kings (Charles I.), and the Duke of York, by Lely (age 39), a Rosary by the famous Jesuits of Brussels, and several more. This was in Suffolk House, Suffolk Street: the new front toward the gardens is tolerable, were it not drowned by a too massy and clumsy pair of stairs of stone, without any neat invention.

Around 1659 Peter Lely (age 40). Portrait of Thomas Fanshawe (age 31) and Margaret Heath.

Margaret Heath: She was born to Edward Heath of Cottesmore. Before 1674 Thomas Fanshawe and she were married. In 1674 she died.

1660 to 1665. Peter Lely (age 41). Portrait of Elizabeth Trentham Viscountess Cullen (age 20) as Venus.

1660 to 1665. Peter Lely (age 41). Portrait of Elizabeth Trentham Viscountess Cullen (age 20).

In 1660 Peter Lely (age 41) was appointed Principal In Ordinary with a stipend of £200 per year.

Around 1660 Peter Lely (age 41). Portrait of George Booth 1st Baron Delamer (age 37).

Around 1660 Peter Lely (age 41). Portrait of Thomas Wriothesley 4th Earl of Southampton 2nd Earl Chichester (age 52) holding his Lord Treasurer Staff of Office.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Jul 1660. Up early, the first day that I put on my black camlett coat with silver buttons. To Mr. Spong, whom I found in his night-down writing of my patent, and he had done as far as he could "for that &c". by 8 o'clock. It being done, we carried it to Worcester House to the Chancellor, where Mr. Kipps (a strange providence that he should now be in a condition to do me a kindness, which I never thought him capable of doing for me), got me the Chancellor's receipt to my bill; and so carried it to Mr. Beale (age 28) for a dockett; but he was very angry, and unwilling to do it, because he said it was ill writ (because I had got it writ by another hand, and not by him); but by much importunity I got Mr. Spong to go to his office and make an end of my patent; and in the mean time Mr. Beale (age 28) to be preparing my dockett, which being done, I did give him two pieces, after which it was strange how civil and tractable he was to me. From thence I went to the Navy office, where we despatched much business, and resolved of the houses for the Officers and Commissioners, which I was glad of, and I got leave to have a door made me into the leads. From thence, much troubled in mind about my patent, I went to Mr. Beale (age 28) again, who had now finished my patent and made it ready for the Seal, about an hour after I went to meet him at the Chancellor's. So I went away towards Westminster, and in my way met with Mr. Spong, and went with him to Mr. Lilly (age 41) and ate some bread and cheese, and drank with him, who still would be giving me council of getting my patent out, for fear of another change, and my Lord Montagu's fall. After that to Worcester House, where by Mr. Kipps's means, and my pressing in General Montagu's name to the Chancellor, I did, beyond all expectation, get my seal passed; and while it was doing in one room, I was forced to keep Sir G. Carteret (age 50) (who by chance met me there, ignorant of my business) in talk, while it was a doing. Went home and brought my wife with me into London, and some money, with which I paid Mr. Beale (age 28) £9 in all, and took my patent of him and went to my wife again, whom I had left in a coach at the door of Hinde Court, and presented her with my patent at which she was overjoyed; so to the Navy office, and showed her my house, and were both mightily pleased at all things there, and so to my business. So home with her, leaving her at her mother's door. I to my Lord's, where I dispatched an order for a ship to fetch Sir R. Honywood home, for which I got two pieces of my Lady Honywood by young Mr. Powell. Late writing letters; and great doings of music at the next house, which was Whally's; the King and Dukes there with Madame Palmer (age 19)1, a pretty woman that they have a fancy to, to make her husband a cuckold. Here at the old door that did go into his lodgings, my Lord, I, and W. Howe, did stand listening a great while to the music. After that home to bed. This day I should have been at Guildhall to have borne witness for my brother Hawly against Black Collar, but I could not, at which I was troubled. To bed with the greatest quiet of mind that I have had a great while, having ate nothing but a bit of bread and cheese at Lilly's (age 41) to-day, and a bit of bread and butter after I was a-bed.

Note 1. Barbara Villiers (age 19), only child of William, second Viscount Grandison, born November, 1640, married April 14th, 1659, to Roger Palmer (age 26), created Earl of Castlemaine, 1661. She became the King's (age 30) mistress soon after the Restoration, and was in 1670 made Lady Nonsuch, Countess of Southampton, and Duchess of Cleveland. She had six children by the King, one of them being created Duke of Grafton, and the eldest son succeeding her as Duke of Cleveland. She subsequently married Beau Fielding (age 10), whom she prosecuted for bigamy. She died October 9th, 1709, aged sixty-nine. Her life was written by G. Steinman Steinman, and privately printed 1871, with addenda 1874, and second addenda 1878.

Pepy's Diary. 09 Oct 1660. This morning Sir W. Batten (age 59) with Colonel Birch (age 45) to Deptford, to pay off two ships. Sir W. Pen (age 39) and I staid to do business, and afterwards together to White Hall, where I went to my Lord, and found him in bed not well, and saw in his chamber his picture1, very well done; and am with child2 till I get it copied out, which I hope to do when he is gone to sea.

Note 1. Peter Lely (age 42). Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich (age 35) in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

Note 2. A figurative expression for an eager longing desire, used by Udall and by Spenser. The latest authority given by Dr. Murray in the "New English Dictionary", is Bailey in 1725.

Pepy's Diary. 22 Oct 1660. Note. Peter Lely (age 42), afterwards knighted. He lived in the Piazza, Covent Garden. This portrait was bought by Lord Braybrooke at Mr. Pepys Cockerell's sale in 1848, and is now at Audley End.

Pepy's Diary. 22 Oct 1660. Office day; after that to dinner at home upon some ribs of roast beef from the Cook's (which of late we have been forced to do because of our house being always under the painters' and other people's hands, that we could not dress it ourselves). After dinner to my Lord's, where I found all preparing for my Lord's going to sea to fetch the Queen (age 50) tomorrow. At night my Lord came home, with whom I staid long, and talked of many things. Among others I got leave to have his picture, that was done by Lilly (age 42)1, copied, and talking of religion, I found him to be a perfect Sceptic, and said that all things would not be well while there was so much preaching, and that it would be better if nothing but Homilies were to be read in Churches. This afternoon (he told me) there hath been a meeting before the King and my Lord Chancellor (age 51), of some Episcopalian and Presbyterian Divines; but what had passed he could not tell me. After I had done talk with him, I went to bed with Mr. Sheply in his chamber, but could hardly get any sleep all night, the bed being ill made and he a bad bedfellow.

Pepy's Diary. 24 Oct 1660. From thence to Mr. Lilly's (age 42), where, not finding Mr. Spong, I went to Mr. Greatorex (age 35), where I met him, and so to an alehouse, where I bought of him a drawing-pen; and he did show me the manner of the lamp-glasses, which carry the light a great way, good to read in bed by, and I intend to have one of them.

Pepy's Diary. 24 Oct 1660. So to Mr. Lilly's (age 42) with Mr. Spong, where well received, there being a club to-night among his friends. Among the rest Esquire Ashmole (age 43), who I found was a very ingenious gentleman. With him we two sang afterward in Mr. Lilly's (age 42) study. That done, we all pared; and I home by coach, taking Mr. Booker' with me, who did tell me a great many fooleries, which may be done by nativities, and blaming Mr. Lilly (age 42) for writing to please his friends and to keep in with the times (as he did formerly to his own dishonour), and not according to the rules of art, by which he could not well err, as he had done. I set him down at Lime-street end, and so home, where I found a box of Carpenter's tools sent by my cozen, Thomas Pepys, which I had bespoke of him for to employ myself with sometimes. To bed.

Before 1661. Remigius van Leemput (age 53). Copy of Peter Lely (age 42) portrait of Henry Hyde, Viscount Cornbury and his first wife Theodosia Capell.

Theodosia Capell: She was born to Arthur Capell 1st Baron Capell Hadham and Elizabeth Morrison Baroness Capell Hadham. In 1660 Henry Hyde 2nd Earl Clarendon and she were married. She died a year later. He the son of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon and Frances Aylesbury Countess Clarendon. On or after 28 Nov 1661 Theodosia Capell died.

Around 1661 Peter Lely (age 42). Portrait of Charles Stewart 6th Duke Lennox in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

Around 1661 Peter Lely (age 42). Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England (age 23).

After 22 Apr 1661. Peter Lely (age 42). Portrait of Elizabeth Grey Baroness Delamer (age 39).

Elizabeth Grey Baroness Delamer: In 1622 she was born to Henry Grey 1st Earl Stamford and Anne Cecil Countess Stamford. Before 17 Apr 1648 George Booth 1st Baron Delamer and she were married. She the daughter of Henry Grey 1st Earl Stamford and Anne Cecil Countess Stamford. In 1691 Elizabeth Grey Baroness Delamer died.

Around 1662 Peter Lely (age 43). Portrait of Elizabeth Wriothesley Countess Gainsborough (age 16).

Around 1662 Peter Lely (age 43). Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England (age 24). One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1662 Peter Lely (age 43). Portrait of Frances Teresa Stewart Duchess Lennox and Richmond (age 14). One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1662 Peter Lely (age 43). Portrait of Princess Henrietta Stewart Duchess Orléans (age 17). One of the Windsor Beauties.

Pepy's Diary. 18 Jun 1662.That done he and I walked to Lilly's (age 43), the painter's, where we saw among other rare things, the Duchess of York (age 25), her whole body, sitting instate in a chair, in white sattin, and another of the King (age 32), that is not finished; most rare things. I did give the fellow something that showed them us, and promised to come some other time, and he would show me Baroness Castlemaine's (age 21), which I could not then see, it being locked up!

Pepy's Diary. 20 Oct 1662. Insomuch that after I had done with the Duke, and thence gone with Commissioner Pett (age 52) to Mr. Lilly's (age 44), the great painter, who came forth to us; but believing that I come to bespeak a picture, he prevented us by telling us, that he should not be at leisure these three weeks; which methinks is a rare thing.

Around 1663 Peter Lely (age 44). Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron (age 36) depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza (age 24). Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms.

Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron: Around 1627 she was born to Robert Needham 2nd Viscount Kilmorey and Eleanor Dutton. In 1644 John Byron 1st Baron Byron and she were married. She by marriage Baroness Byron of Rochdale in Lancashire. The difference in their ages was 28 years. On 26 Jan 1664 she died.

Around 1664. Peter Lely (age 45). Portrait of Isabella Lawson.

Around 1664 Peter Lely (age 45). Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland (age 23) and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child.

Around 1664 Peter Lely (age 45). Portrait of Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Manchester (age 62).

Around 1664 Peter Lely (age 45). Portrait of Margaret Brooke Lady Denham (age 24). One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1664 Peter Lely (age 45). Portrait of Jane Needham (age 19). One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1664 Peter Lely (age 45). Portrait of Eizabeth Alington 2nd Baroness Seymour Trowbridge (age 28).

Eizabeth Alington 2nd Baroness Seymour Trowbridge: Before 16 Sep 1635 she was born to William Alington 1st Baron Alington and Elizabeth Tollemache Baroness Alington. On 16 Sep 1635 Eizabeth Alington 2nd Baroness Seymour Trowbridge was baptised at Bottisham Staine. In 1654 Charles Seymour 2nd Baron Seymour Trowbridge and she were married. She by marriage Baroness Seymour Trowbridge. They had five sons and two daughters. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland. In 1691 Eizabeth Alington 2nd Baroness Seymour Trowbridge died.

Pepy's Diary. 29 Mar 1664. By and by to dinner, where good cheere, and Sir G. Carteret (age 54) in his humour a very good man, and the most kind father and pleased father in his children that ever I saw. Here is now hung up a picture of my Baroness Carteret (age 62), drawn by Lilly (age 45), a very fine picture, but yet not so good as I have seen of his doing.

Pepy's Diary. 26 Aug 1664. Thence to the Dockyarde, and there saw the new ship in very great forwardness, and so by water to Deptford, Kent [Map] a little, and so home and shifting myself, to the 'Change [Map], and there did business, and thence down by water to White Hall, by the way, at the Three Cranes, putting into an alehouse and eat a bit of bread and cheese. There I could not get into the Parke, and so was fain to stay in the gallery over the gate to look to the passage into the Parke, into which the King (age 34) hath forbid of late anybody's coming, to watch his coming that had appointed me to come, which he did by and by with his lady and went to Guardener's Lane, and there instead of meeting with one that was handsome and could play well, as they told me, she is the ugliest beast and plays so basely as I never heard anybody, so that I should loathe her being in my house. However, she took us by and by and showed us indeed some pictures at one Hiseman's (age 31), a picture drawer, a Dutchman, which is said to exceed Lilly (age 45), and indeed there is both of the Queenes (age 54) and Mayds of Honour (particularly Mrs. Stewart's (age 17) in a buff doublet like a soldier) as good pictures, I think, as ever I saw. The Queene (age 54) is drawn in one like a shepherdess, in the other like St. Katharin, most like and most admirably. I was mightily pleased with this sight indeed, and so back again to their lodgings, where I left them, but before I went this mare that carried me, whose name I know not but that they call him Sir John, a pitiful fellow, whose face I have long known but upon what score I know not, but he could have the confidence to ask me to lay down money for him to renew the lease of his house, which I did give eare to there because I was there receiving a civility from him, but shall not part with my money.

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of Mary Fane Countess Exeter (age 26).

Mary Fane Countess Exeter: In 1639 she was born to Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl of Westmoreland and Mary Vere Countess of Westmoreland. On 25 Jan 1670 John Cecil 4th Earl Exeter and she were married. She by marriage Countess Exeter. She the daughter of Mildmay Fane 2nd Earl of Westmoreland and Mary Vere Countess of Westmoreland. He the son of David Cecil 3rd Earl Exeter and Elizabeth Egerton Countess Exeter. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland. In 1681 Mary Fane Countess Exeter died. She was buried at St Martin's Church, Stamford.

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of Anne Hyde Queen Consort England (age 27).

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of Frances Brooke Lady Whitmore (age 25). One of the Windsor Beauties.

Frances Brooke Lady Whitmore: Around 1640 she was born to William Brooke and Pembroke Lennard. Before May 1665 Thomas Whitmore and she were married. In 1690 Frances Brooke Lady Whitmore died.

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of Elizabeth Wriothesley Countess Gainsborough (age 19). One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale (age 38).

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England (age 26).

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale (age 48).

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of Elizabeth Butler Countess Chesterfield (age 24).

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of Admiral John Lawson (age 50). One of the Flagmen of Lowestoft.

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of Admiral George Ayscue (age 49). One of the Flagmen of Lowestoft.

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of Thomas Allin 1st Baronet (age 53). One of the Flagmen of Lowestoft.

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46) (circle of). Portrait of Thomas Fanshawe 1st Viscount Fanshawe (age 69).

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of Henrietta Boyle Countess Rochester (age 19). One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of Mary Bagot Countess Falmouth. One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1665 Peter Lely (age 46). Portrait of Vice-Admiral Christopher Myngs (age 39). One of the Flagmen of Lowestoft.

Pepy's Diary. 23 Jul 1665. I followed the King (age 35) to chappell, and there hear a good sermon; and after sermon with my Lord Arlington (age 47), Sir Thomas Ingram (age 51) and others, spoke to the Duke (age 31) about Tangier, but not to much purpose. I was not invited any whither to dinner, though a stranger, which did also trouble me; but yet I must remember it is a Court, and indeed where most are strangers; but, however, Mr. Cutler carried me to Mr. Marriott's the house-keeper, and there we had a very good dinner and good company, among others Lilly (age 46), the painter.

Before 1666 Peter Lely (age 47). Portrait of Anne Digby Countess Sunderland (age 19). One of the Windsor Beauties.

In 1666 Peter Lely (age 47). Portrait of Heneage Finch 1st Earl Nottingham (age 44).

Around 1666 Peter Lely (age 47). Portrait of Lucy Loftus Marchioness Wharton.

Around 1666 Peter Lely (age 47). Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland (age 25). One of the Windsor Beauties.

Around 1666 Peter Lely (age 47). Portrait of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 32) and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England (age 28). See Samuel Pepys' Diary 1666 March 24.

Pepy's Diary. 24 Mar 1666. After dinner I to White Hall to a Committee for Tangier, where the Duke of Yorke (age 32) was, and I acquitted myself well in what I had to do. After the Committee up, I had occasion to follow the Duke into his lodgings, into a chamber where the Duchesse (age 29) was sitting to have her picture drawn by Lilly (age 47), who was there at work. But I was well pleased to see that there was nothing near so much resemblance of her face in his work, which is now the second, if not the third time, as there was of my wife's at the very first time. Nor do I think at last it can be like, the lines not being in proportion to those of her face.

Pepy's Diary. 18 Apr 1666. [Up] and by coach with Sir W. Batten (age 65) and Sir Thos. Allen (age 54) to White Hall, and there after attending the Duke (age 32) as usual and there concluding of many things preparatory to the Prince (age 46) and Generall's going to sea on Monday next, Sir W. Batten (age 65) and Sir T. Allen (age 54) and I to Mr. Lilly's (age 47), the painter's; and there saw the heads, some finished, and all begun, of the Flaggmen in the late great fight with the Duke of Yorke (age 32) against the Dutch. The Duke of Yorke (age 32) hath them done to hang in his chamber, and very finely they are done indeed. Here is the Prince's (age 46), Sir G. Askue's (age 50), Sir Thomas Teddiman's, Sir Christopher Mings (age 40), Sir Joseph Jordan, Sir William Barkeley (age 27), Sir Thomas Allen (age 33), and Captain Harman's (age 41), as also the Duke of Albemarle's (age 57); and will be my Lord Sandwich's (age 40), Sir W. Pen's (age 44), and Sir Jeremy Smith's. Being very well satisfied with this sight, and other good pictures hanging in the house, we parted, and I left them, and [to] pass away a little time went to the printed picture seller's in the way thence to the Exchange [Map], and there did see great plenty of fine prints; but did not buy any, only a print of an old pillar in Rome made for a Navall Triumph1, which for the antiquity of the shape of ships, I buy and keepe.

Note 1. The columna rostrata erected in the Forum to C. Duilius, who obtained a triumph for the first naval victory over the Carthaginians, B.C. 261. Part of the column was discovered in the ruins of the Forum near the Arch of Septimius, and transferred to the Capitol. B.

Battle of Lowestoft

Pepy's Diary. 18 Jul 1666. Thence with Sir W. Pen (age 45) home, calling at Lilly's (age 47), to have a time appointed when to be drawn among the other Commanders of Flags the last year's fight. And so full of work Lilly (age 47) is, that he was faro to take his table-book out to see how his time is appointed, and appointed six days hence for him to come between seven and eight in the morning.

Pepy's Diary. 07 Nov 1666. Thence to Westminster Hall [Map], and, it being fast day, there was no shops open, but meeting with Doll Lane, did go with her to the Rose taverne, and there drank and played with her a good while. She went away, and I staid a good while after, and was seen going out by one of our neighbours near the office and two of the Hall people that I had no mind to have been seen by, but there was no hurt in it nor can be alleged from it. Therefore I am not solicitous in it, but took coach and called at Faythorne's (age 50), to buy some prints for my wife to draw by this winter, and here did see my Baroness Castlemayne's (age 25) picture, done by him from Lilly's (age 48), in red chalke and other colours, by which he hath cut it in copper to be printed. The picture in chalke is the finest thing I ever saw in my life, I think; and did desire to buy it; but he says he must keep it awhile to correct his copper-plate by, and when that is done he will sell it me.

Around 1667 Peter Lely (age 48). Portrait of Abraham Cowley (age 49).

Pepy's Diary. 25 Mar 1667. Ladyday. Up, and with Sir W. Batten (age 66) and Sir W. Pen (age 45) by coach to Exeter House [Map] to our lawyers to have consulted about our trial to-morrow, but missed them, so parted, and Sir W. Pen (age 45) and I to Mr. Povy's (age 53) about a little business of Sir W. Pen's (age 45), where we went over Mr. Povy's (age 53) house, which lies in the same good condition as ever, which is most extraordinary fine, and he was now at work with a cabinet-maker, making of a new inlaid table. Having seen his house, we away, having in our way thither called at Mr. Lilly's (age 48), who was working; and indeed his pictures are without doubt much beyond Mr. Hales's (age 67), I think I may say I am convinced: but a mighty proud man he is, and full of state.

Around 1668 Peter Lely (age 49). Portrait of Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford (age 25).

Around 1668 Peter Lely (age 49). Portrait of Charles Stewart 6th Duke Lennox 3rd Duke Richmond (age 28).

Pepy's Diary. 21 Aug 1668. After dinner I by coach to my bookseller's in Duck Lane [Map], and there did spend a little time and regarder su moher, and so to St. James's, where did a little ordinary business; and by and by comes Monsieur Colbert (age 43), the French Embassador, to make his first visit to the Duke of York (age 34), and then to the Duchess (age 31): and I saw it: a silly piece of ceremony, he saying only a few formal words. A comely man, and in a black suit and cloak of silk, which is a strange fashion, now it hath been so long left off: This day I did first see the Duke of York's (age 34) room of pictures of some Maids of Honour, done by Lilly (age 49): good, but not like1.

Note 1. The set of portraits known as "King Charles's Beauties", formerly in Windsor Castle, but now at Hampton Court [Map]. B.

Pepy's Diary. 26 Apr 1669. Up, having lain long, and then by coach with W. Hewer (age 27) to the Excise Office, and so to Lilly's (age 50), the Varnishes; who is lately dead, and his wife and brother keep up the trade, and there I left my French prints to be put on boards:, and, while I was there, a fire burst out in a chimney of a house over against his house, but it was with a gun quickly put out.

Pepy's Diary. 30 Apr 1669. At noon my wife come to me at my tailor's, and I sent her home and myself and Tom dined at Hercules' Pillars; and so about our business again, and particularly to Lilly's (age 50), the varnisher about my prints, whereof some of them are pasted upon the boards, and to my full content.

Around 1670 Peter Lely (age 51). Portrait of Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford (age 27).

Around 1670 Peter Lely (age 51). Portrait of Horatio Townshend 1st Viscount Townsend (age 39).

Around 1670 Peter Lely (age 51). Portrait of Elizabeth Wriothesley Countess Gainsborough (age 24).

Around 1670 Peter Lely (age 51). Portrait of Elizabeth Finch (age 20).

Elizabeth Finch: In 1650 she was born to Heneage Finch 1st Earl Nottingham and Elizabeth Harvey Baroness Finch. On 14 Feb 1670 Samuel Grimston 3rd Baronet and she were married. She the daughter of Heneage Finch 1st Earl Nottingham and Elizabeth Harvey Baroness Finch. In 1675 Elizabeth Finch died.

Around 1670. Peter Lely (age 51). Portrait of Thomas Cullum 2nd Baronet (age 41).

Thomas Cullum 2nd Baronet: On 26 Dec 1628 he was born to Thomas Cullum 1st Baronet. In 1656 Thomas Cullum 2nd Baronet and Dudleia North were married. On 06 Apr 1664 Thomas Cullum 1st Baronet died. His son Thomas Cullum 2nd Baronet succeeded 2nd Baronet Cullum of Hastede in Suffolk. On 16 Oct 1680 Thomas Cullum 2nd Baronet died. His son Dudley Cullum 3rd Baronet succeeded 3rd Baronet Cullum of Hastede in Suffolk.

Around 1670 Peter Lely (age 51). Portrait of John Banks 1st Baronet (age 43).

Around 1670. Peter Lely (age 51). Portrait of Dudleia North.

Dudleia North: She was born to Henry North 1st Baronet and Sarah Rayney Lady North.

Around 1670 Peter Lely (age 51). Portrait of Freschville Holles (age 27) and Admiral Robert Holmes (age 48).

Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely (age 51). Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle (age 61) in his Garter Robes.

Before 03 Jan 1670 Peter Lely (age 51). Portrait of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle (age 61).

Around 1672 Peter Lely (age 53). Postumous portrait of Princess Henrietta Stewart Duchess Orléans (age 27) commissioned by her brother Charles II King Scotland and presented by him in the Council ChamberWhere it still hangs today, in recognition of her birth in Bedford House, Exeter, the town house of the William Russell 1st Duke Bedford (age 55) who had given her mother refuge during the dangerous years before her father's execution in 1649.

Around 1672 Peter Lely (age 53). Portrait of Thomas Clifford 1st Baron Clifford Chudleigh (age 41).

Around 1672 Peter Lely (age 53). Portrait of Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland.

Around 1673 Peter Lely (age 54). Portrait of Margaret "Peg" Hughes (age 43).

Margaret "Peg" Hughes: Around 1630 she was born. In 1673 Margaret "Peg" Hughes became the mistress of Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland. On 01 Oct 1719 she died at Eltham, Greenwich.

Around 1673 Peter Lely (age 54). Portrait of Charles II King Scotland in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

Around 1673 Peter Lely (age 54). Portrait of Charles Killigrew (age 17).

Charles Killigrew: On 29 Dec 1655 he was born to Thomas Killigrew and Charlotte Hesse in Maastricht. Before 08 Jul 1725 Charles Killigrew died.

Around 1674 Peter Lely (age 55). Portrait of Elizabeth Lennard 3rd Countess Meath (age 29).

Elizabeth Lennard 3rd Countess Meath: In 1632 William Brabazon 3rd Earl Meath and she were married. She by marriage Countess Meath. He the son of Edward Brabazon 2nd Earl Meath and Mary Chambré Countess Meath. Around 15 Mar 1644 she was born to Francis Lennard 14th Baron Dacre Gilsland and Elizabeth Bayning Baroness Dacre Gilsland. In 1686 William Moore and she were married. He the son of Henry Moore 1st Earl Drogheda and Alice Spencer Countess Drogheda. Around 28 Dec 1701 Elizabeth Lennard 3rd Countess Meath died.

After 1674 Peter Lely (age 55). Portrait of Thomas Fanshawe (age 46) and Elizabeth Fanshawe.

Elizabeth Fanshawe: She was born to Thomas Fanshawe 1st Viscount Fanshawe and Elizabeth Cockayne Viscountess Fanshawe. After 1674 Thomas Fanshawe and she were married. They were half second cousins.

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely (age 55). Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon (age 64).

Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely (age 55). Portrait of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 40) wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1675 Peter Lely (age 56). Portrait of George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 46) wearing his Garter Collar.

Around 1675 Peter Lely (age 56). Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale (age 58) and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale (age 48).

Around 1675 Peter Lely (age 56). Portrait of Essex Rich 2nd Countess Nottingham (age 23).

Around 1676 Peter Lely (age 57). Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington (age 58) wearing his Garter Robes.

Around 1676 Peter Lely (age 57). Portrait of Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland (age 13).

In 1676 Willem Wissing (age 20) moved to London where he studied under Peter Lely (age 57).

Around 1678 Peter Lely (age 59). Portrait of Frances Savile (age 20).

Around 1678 Peter Lely (age 59). Portrait of Elizabeth Jones Countess Kildare (age 13).

Elizabeth Jones Countess Kildare: In 1665 she was born to Richard Jones 1st Earl Ranelagh and Elizabeth Willoughby Countess Ranelagh. On 12 Jun 1684 John Fitzgerald 18th Earl of Kildare and she were married. She by marriage Countess Kildare. She the daughter of Richard Jones 1st Earl Ranelagh and Elizabeth Willoughby Countess Ranelagh. He the son of Wentworth Fitzgerald 17th Earl of Kildare and Elizabeth Holles Countess Kildare. They were second cousins. In Apr 1758 Elizabeth Jones Countess Kildare died.

Around 1678 Peter Lely (age 59). Portrait of James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde (age 67) in his Garter Robes.

Around 1678 Peter Lely (age 59). Portrait of Francis Beckford.

Francis Beckford: In 1744 he and Albinia Bertie were married. She the daughter of Peregrine Bertie 2nd Duke Ancaster and Kesteven and Jane Brownlow Duchess Ancaster and Kesteven.

Around 1678 Peter Lely (age 59). Portrait of Charles II King Scotland in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar and Leg Garter.

Before 1680. Peter Lely (age 61). Portrait of Thomas Cookes 2nd Baronet (age 31).

Around 1680. Circle of Peter Lely (age 61). Portrait of Isabella Lawson.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of Diana Kirke Countess of Oxford.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of Richard Jones 1st Earl Ranelagh (age 39).

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of Frances Hales Countess Lichfield.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of Robert Worsley 3rd Baronet.

Robert Worsley 3rd Baronet: In 1643 he was born to Henry Worsley 2nd Baronet. In 1666 Henry Worsley 2nd Baronet died. His son Robert Worsley 3rd Baronet succeeded 3rd Baronet Worsley of Appuldurcombe. Mary Herbert Countess Gainsborough by marriage Lady Worsley of Appuldurcombe. In 1668 Robert Worsley 3rd Baronet and Mary Herbert Countess Gainsborough were married. They were fourth cousins. In 1675 Robert Worsley 3rd Baronet died. His son Robert Worsley 4th Baronet succeeded 4th Baronet Worsley of Appuldurcombe.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland (age 40).

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland (age 40).

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of Lucy Harrington Countess Bedford.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of Henry Bennet 1st Earl Arlington (age 62).

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of Elizabeth Egerton Countess Leicester (age 27).

Elizabeth Egerton Countess Leicester: On 24 Aug 1653 she was born to John Egerton 2nd Earl Bridgewater and Elizabeth Cavendish Countess Bridgewater. In 1672 Robert Sidney 4th Earl of Leicester and she were married. She the daughter of John Egerton 2nd Earl Bridgewater and Elizabeth Cavendish Countess Bridgewater. He the son of Philip Sidney 3rd Earl of Leicester and Catherine Cecil. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland. On 06 Mar 1698 Philip Sidney 3rd Earl of Leicester died. His son Robert Sidney 4th Earl of Leicester succeeded 4th Earl of Leicester, 4th Viscount Lisle. She by marriage Countess of Leicester. In 1709 Elizabeth Egerton Countess Leicester died.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of Elizabeth Malet Countess Rochester (age 29).

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of John Maitland 1st Duke Lauderdale (age 64) wearing his Garter Robes.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of John Wilmot 2nd Earl Rochester.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of Anne Capell Countess Carlisle (age 6).

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of Essex Rich 2nd Countess Nottingham (age 28).

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62). Portrait of Louise Kéroualle 1st Duchess Portsmouth (age 31).

On 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely (age 62) died.

Evelyn's Diary. 09 May 1683. Dined at Sir Gabriel Sylvius's and thence to visit the Duke of Norfolk (age 54), to ask whether he would part with any of his cartoons and other drawings of Raphael, and the great masters; he told me if he might sell them all together he would, but that the late Sir Peter Lely (our famous painter) had gotten some of his best. The person who desired me to treat for them was Vander Douse, grandson to that great scholar, contemporary and friend of Joseph Scaliger.

In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland (age 28).

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Sep 1699. There was in this week an eclipse of the sun, at which many were frightened by the predictions of the astrologers. I remember fifty years ago that many were so terrified by Lilly, that they dared not go out of their houses. A strange earthquake at New Batavia, in the East Indies.

Charge of the Light Brigade

Adeline Horsey Recollections. I believe my husband replaced a great deal of the original furniture at Deene [Map] with more modern examples, but many valuable old pieces still remain. The pictures are very beautiful, including a priceless Vandyke representing Queen Henrietta Maria, in the happy days of her early married life, as a regal, gracious figure arrayed in shimmering satin. There is a lovely portrait of Louise de Keroualle and her son, the Duke of Richmond, who married a Brudenell, and there are many examples of Lely, Sir Joshua Reynolds and other eighteenth- and nineteenth-century artists. One painting by Sant represents the Prince Consort and the Royal children listening to the account of the Charge of the Light Brigade by Lord Cardigan, and there are also some interesting pictures of hunting-field incidents, depicting Cardigan and his friends on their favourite mounts.

The Windsor Beauties are a set of portraits of the ladies of the court of King Charles II painted by Peter Lely.