On this Day in History ... 08 March

08 Mar is in March.

1122 Burning of Gloucester

1429 Joan of Arc meets Charles VII at Chinon

1660 Charles X King Sweden Dies Charles XI Succeeds

1665 Sinking of The London

1695 Death and Funeral of Queen Mary II

1696 Plot to Assassinate King William III

1702 Death of King William III

1712 French Royal Family Deaths from Measles

1748 Attack on Port Louis

1122 Burning of Gloucester

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 08 Mar 1122. And in the Lent-tide before that, the town of Glocester [Map] was on fire: the while that the monks were singing their mass, and the deacon had begun the gospel, "Praeteriens Jesus", at that very moment came the fire from the upper part of the steeple, and burned all the minster, and all the treasures that were there within; except a few books, and three mass-hackles. That was on the eighth day before the ides of Marcia.

On 08 Mar 1129 Gerald I Count Guelders (age 69) died. His son Gerard II Count Guelders (age 24) succeeded II Count Guelders. Ermgard Zutphen Countess Guelders by marriage Countess Guelders.

On 08 Mar 1279 Adelaide Andechs died. Her son Otto Ivrea IV Count Burgundy (age 31) succeeded IV Count Burgundy.

On 08 Mar 1286 John Capet III Duke Brittany was born to Arthur Capet Duke Brittany (age 24) and Marie Limoges Duchess Brittany. He a great grandson of King Henry III of England.

1429 Joan of Arc meets Charles VII at Chinon

On 08 Mar 1429 Joan of Arc (age 17) met with Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 26) at Chinon Castle [Map]. Their first meeting.


Wriothesley's Chronicle. 08 Mar 1503... and on Passion Sundaye a peace made betwene the Emperoure and the Kinge (age 46) duringe their lyves, solemnized upon a great oathe at the highe aulter in Paules queere [Map].

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Henry Machyn's Diary. 08 Mar 1562. The viij day of Marche dyd pryche a-for the quen('s) (age 28) grace, the iiij sonday in Lentt, called Mydlent sonday, master Horne (age 52), the byshope of Wynchaster.

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Around 08 Mar 1636 Walter Vavasour 2nd Baronet and Ursula Belasyse (age 19) were married. They were fourth cousins.

On 08 Mar 1637 John Belasyse 1st Baron Belasyse (age 22) and Jane Boteler were married. The marriage had been clandestine for which he was fined £150 by the Court of High Commission.

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After 08 Mar 1643. Monument to Edward Noel 2nd Viscount Campden (deceased) and Juliana Hicks Viscountess Campden (age 56) at St James' Church, Chipping Campden [Map]. Sculpted by Joshua Marshall (age 14) in 1664. A striking and macabre work with standing effigies at the doors of Heaven.

Edward Noel 2nd Viscount Campden: In 1582 he was born to Andrew Noel (age 24) and Mabel Harrington at Brooke, Leicestershire. On 20 Dec 1605 Edward Noel 2nd Viscount Campden (age 23) and Juliana Hicks Viscountess Campden (age 19) were married. On 05 May 1628 Baptist Hicks 1st Viscount Campden (age 71) was created 1st Viscount Campden, 1st Baron Hicks of Ilmington in Warwickshire with a special remainder, failing his issue male, to his daughter Juliana's (age 41) husband Edward Noel 2nd Viscount Campden (age 46). Elizabeth May Viscountess Campden (age 66) by marriage Viscountess Campden. On 18 Oct 1629 Baptist Hicks 1st Viscount Campden (age 72) died. His son-in-law Edward Noel 2nd Viscount Campden (age 47) succeeded 2nd Viscount Campden, 2nd Baron Hicks of Ilmington in Warwickshire. Baronet Hicks of Campden in Gloucestershire extinct. Juliana Hicks Viscountess Campden (age 43) by marriage Viscountess Campden. On 08 Mar 1643 Edward Noel 2nd Viscount Campden (age 61) died. His son Baptist Noel 3rd Viscount Campden (age 32) succeeded 3rd Viscount Campden, 3rd Baron Hicks of Ilmington in Warwickshire. Hester Wotton Viscountess Campden (age 28) by marriage Viscountess Campden.

Juliana Hicks Viscountess Campden: In Jul 1586 she was born to Baptist Hicks 1st Viscount Campden (age 29) and Elizabeth May Viscountess Campden (age 24). On 26 Nov 1680 Juliana Hicks Viscountess Campden (age 94) died.

Charles X King Sweden Dies Charles XI Succeeds

Pepy's Diary. 08 Mar 1660. At the same time in comes Mr. Wade and Mr. Sterry, secretary to the plenipotentiary in Denmark, who brought the news of the death of the King of Sweden (deceased) at Gottenburgh the 3rd of the last month, and he told me what a great change he found when he came here, the secluded members being restored. He also spoke very freely of Mr. Wades profit, which he made while he was in Zeeland, how he did believe that he cheated Mr. Powell, and that he made above £500 on the voyage, which Mr. Wade did very angrily deny, though I believe he was guilty enough.Charles X King Sweden Dies Charles XI Succeeds

Sinking of The London

Pepy's Diary. 08 Mar 1665. Though a bitter cold day, yet I rose, and though my pain and tenderness in my testicle remains a little, yet I do verily think that my pain yesterday was nothing else, and therefore I hope my disease of the stone may not return to me, but void itself in pissing, which God grant, but I will consult my physitian. This morning is brought me to the office the sad newes of "The London", in which Sir J. Lawson's (age 50) men were all bringing her from Chatham [Map] to the Hope, and thence he was to go to sea in her; but a little a'this side the buoy of the Nower, she suddenly blew up. About 24 [men] and a woman that were in the round-house and coach saved; the rest, being above 300, drowned: the ship breaking all in pieces, with 80 pieces of brass ordnance. She lies sunk, with her round-house above water. Sir J. Lawson (age 50) hath a great loss in this of so many good chosen men, and many relations among them. I went to the 'Change [Map], where the news taken very much to heart.


PAINTINGS/HUYSMANS/Elizabeth_Pope.jpgBefore 08 Mar 1685 Jacob Huysmans (age 52). Portrait of Elizabeth Pope Countess Lindsey as Diana.

Elizabeth Pope Countess Lindsey: She was born to Thomas Pope 2nd Earl Downe and Lucy Dutton Countess Downe in Cogges Witney. Evelyn's Diary. 20 Oct 1664. Hence, to see the famous wells, natural and artificial grots and fountains, called Bushell's Wells, at Enstone. This Bushell had been Secretary to my Lord Verulam. It is an extraordinary solitude. There he had two mummies; a grot where he lay in a hammock, like an Indian. Hence, we went to Dichley, an ancient seat of the Lees, now Sir Henry Lee's (age 25); it is a low ancient timber-house, with a pretty bowling-green. My Lady gave us an extraordinary dinner. This gentleman's mother (age 49) was Countess of Rochester, who was also there, and Sir Walter St. John (age 42). There were some pictures of their ancestors, not ill painted; the great-grandfather had been Knight of the Garter [Note. Reference to Henry Lee of Ditchley Champion who was not great-grandfather; he was second-cousin once-removed]; there was a picture of a Pope, and our Savior's head. So we returned to Cornbury. Before 04 Dec 1667 Francis Lee 4th Baronet (age 28) and she were married. She by marriage Lady Lee of Quarrendon in Buckinghamshire. She the daughter of Thomas Pope 2nd Earl Downe and Lucy Dutton Countess Downe. Around 1700 Robert Bertie 3rd Earl Lindsey (age 69) and she were married. She by marriage Countess Lindsey. She the daughter of Thomas Pope 2nd Earl Downe and Lucy Dutton Countess Downe. He the son of Montagu Bertie 2nd Earl Lindsey and Martha Cockayne Countess Lindsey and Holderness. In 1719 she died.

PAINTINGS/HUYSMANS/Richard_Mason2.jpgBefore 08 Mar 1685 Jacob Huysmans (age 52). Portrait of Richard Mason (age 52).

Evelyn's Diary. 08 Mar 1689. The King (age 55) abroad was now furnished by the French King (age 50) with money and officers for an expedition to Ireland. The great neglect in not more timely preventing that from hence, and the disturbances in Scotland, give apprehensions of great difficulties, before any settlement can be perfected here, while the Parliament dispose of the great offices among themselves. The Great Seal, Treasury and Admiralty put into commission of many unexpected persons, to gratify the more; so that by the present appearance of things (unless God Almighty graciously interpose and give success in Ireland and settle Scotland) more trouble seems to threaten the nation than could be expected. In the interim, the new King refers all to the Parliament in the most popular manner, but is very slow in providing against all these menaces, besides finding difficulties in raising men to send abroad; the former army, which had never seen any service hitherto, receiving their pay and passing their summer in an idle scene of a camp at Hounslow, unwilling to engage, and many disaffected, and scarce to be trusted.


Roger Whitley's Diary. 08 Mar 1690. Satorday, Booth that informed against Grosvenor,came to complaine that he was threatened that they would have eares, &c. I told him, whilest he swore truth for the King he need not feare; I bid the Butler stand by,&c took notice what I sayd; I left him; at his going away he met me againe, neare the Dyatts; I still advised to speake truth & that would protect him; he told me that G;Harvey, though he appeared against: him; yet had given him up his bonds & discharged him, many yeares agoe; that when he went from him he went into the King Charles his service; that after Harvey had delivered his bonds & received 2 li to be frinds he had imployed him severall times to work under him; at last he would not pay him his wages; Booth sued him & recovered it; which had incensed Harvey against: him, &c. I still charged him to speake nothing but truth; soe he went presently back to Chester; I dined at home; in the evening came Bidolph & 3 servants: then Conen & 2 other men that came from London & had bin at Dysert;,&c. stayd all night.

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Death and Funeral of Queen Mary II

Evelyn's Diary. 08 Mar 1695. I supped at the Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry's (age 67), who related to me the pious behavior of the Queen in all her sickness, which was admirable. She never inquired of what opinion persons were, who were objects of charity; that, on opening a cabinet, a paper was found wherein she had desired that her body might not be opened, or any extraordinary expense at her funeral, whenever she should die. This paper was not found in time to be observed. There were other excellent things under her own hand, to the very least of her debts, which were very small, and everything in that exact method, as seldom is found in any private person. In sum, she was such an admirable woman, abating for taking the Crown without a more due apology, as does, if possible, outdo the renowned Queen Elizabeth.


1696 Plot to Assassinate King William III

Evelyn's Diary. 08 Mar 1696. Divers of the conspirators tried and condemned. Vesuvius breaking out, terrified Naples. Three [Note. Robert Charnock, Edward King, and Thomas Keys] of the unhappy wretches, whereof one was a priest, were executed for intending to assassinate the King; they acknowledged their intention, but acquitted King James of inciting them to it, and died very penitent. Divers more in danger, and some very considerable persons.

1702 Death of King William III

Evelyn's Diary. 08 Mar 1702. The King (age 51) had a fall from his horse, and broke his collar bone, and having been much indisposed before, and aguish, with a long cough and other weakness, died this Sunday morning, about four o'clock.


On 08 Mar 1707 William Irby 1st Baron Boston was born to Edward Irby 1st Baronet (age 30).


French Royal Family Deaths from Measles

On 12 Feb 1712 Maria Adelaide Savoy (age 26) died of measles at Versailles.

On 18 Feb 1712 Louis Bourbon Duke Burgundy (age 29) died of measles contracted when nursing his wife Maria Adelaide Savoy (age 26) who had died six days previously.

On 08 Mar 1712, their eldest son, heir to the throne, Louis Bourbon Duke Brittany (age 5) died of measles.

The heir to the French throne their only remaining son Louis (age 1), aged two, great-grandson of the reigning monarch Louis "Sun King" XIV King France (age 73) succeeded his great-grandfather three years later in 1715.

On 08 Mar 1716 Edward Seymour 8th Duke Somerset (age 21) and Mary Webb Duchess Somerset (age 19) were married at Monkton Farleigh, Wiltshire.

On 08 Mar 1723 James Peachey 1st Baron Selsey was born.

On 08 Mar 1724 Ernest Frederick Saxe Coburg Saalfeld Duke Saxe Coburg Saalfeld was born to Francis Josias Saxe Coburg Saalfeld Duke Saxe Coburg Saalfeld (age 26) and Duchess Anna Sophie Of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (age 23) at Saalfield. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.34%.

On 08 Mar 1743 John Hough Bishop (age 91) died.

Attack on Port Louis

On 08 Mar 1748 William Cust (age 28) was killed by a cannon-ball whilst leading the attack on Port Louis on HMS Elizabeth.


After 08 Mar 1748. Monument to William Cust (deceased) at St Wulfram's Church Grantham [Map].

William Cust: In 1720 he was born to Richard Cust 2nd Baronet (age 39) and Anne Brownlow Lady Cust (age 26). On 08 Mar 1748 William Cust (age 28) was killed by a cannon-ball whilst leading the attack on Port Louis on HMS Elizabeth.

After 08 Mar 1751. St Giles' Church, Wrexham [Map]. Monument to Mary Fitzhugh.

On 08 Mar 1753 Charles Talbot 15th Earl of Shrewsbury was born to Charles Talbot (age 31).

On 08 Mar 1769 Evelyn Pierrepont 2nd Duke Kingston upon Hull (age 58) and Elizabeth Chudleigh Duchess Kingston upon Hull (age 48) were married. Allegedly bigamously since her first husband Augustus John Hervey 3rd Earl Bristol (age 44) was still living, at Keith's Chapel, Mayfair. She by marriage Duchess Kingston upon Hull.

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On 08 Mar 1789 George Byron 7th Baron Byron was born to George Anson Byron (age 33).

On 08 Mar 1794 Robert Brudenell 6th Earl Cardigan (age 24) and Penelope Cooke Countess Cardigan (age 24) were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square.


On 08 Mar 1813 Henry Hall Gage 4th Viscount Gage (age 21) and Elizabeth Maria Foley (age 20) were married.

On 08 Mar 1842 Henry Francis Roper-Curzon 14th Baronet (age 74) died. His son Henry Roper-Curzon 15th Baron Teynham (age 52) succeeded 15th Baron Teynham of Teynham in Kent. Sarah Rudd Baronss Teynham by marriage Baroness Teynham of Teynham in Kent.

After 08 Mar 1842 Monument to Thomas Claughton.

On 08 Mar 1883 James Henry Legge Dutton 3rd Baron Sherborne (age 78) died. His son Edward Lenox Dutton 4th Baron Sherborne (age 51) succeeded 4th Baron Sherborne. Emily Theresa Stern Baroness Sherborne (age 36) by marriage Baroness Sherborne.

On 08 Mar 1887 James Arthur Wellington Foley Butler 4th Marquess Ormonde (age 37) and Ellen Stager Marchioness Ormonde were married. She brought a fortune of £200,000 to the marriage. He the son of John Butler 2nd Marquess Ormonde and Frances Paget Marchioness Ormonde (age 70).

On 08 Mar 1905 Edward Dolman Scott 6th and 5th Baronet (age 79) died. Baronet Scott of Great Barr in Staffordshire extinct. His half first cousin once removed Alexander Fuller-Acland-Hood 1st Baron St Audries (age 51) succeeded 6th Baronet Bateman of Hartington Hall in Derbyshire.

On 08 Mar 1976 Edward Fitzgerald 7th Duke Leinster (age 83) committed suicide by taking an overdose of pentobarbital.

On 08 Mar 2021 Iris Susan Stuart Colin died. She was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Iris Susan Stuart Colin: On 12 Jan 1921 she was born. Before 19 Dec 1995 Bishop Gerald Fitzmaurice Colin (age 82) and Iris Susan Stuart Colin (age 74) were married.