On this Day in History ... 19 December

19 Dec is in December.

1154 Coronation of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine

1562 Battle of Dreux

1981 Penlee Lifeboat Disaster

On 19 Dec 966 Sancho "Fat" I King Leon (age 34) died from poisoning. His son Ramiro III King Leon (age 5) succeeded III King Leon.

Coronation of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine

Chronica Majora. 19 Dec 1235. In the same year, at the advent of our Lord, Robert Clare Fitzwalter, a baron of illustrious race, and renowned in feats of arms, went the way of all flesh; and in the same year, too, in the flower of his youth, Roger de Sumeric was taken away from amongst men, a man of singular elegance, respectable race, and of remarkable prowess. In this year, too, as a token of the continuation of his regard, the emperor (age 40) sent a camel to the king.

On 19 Dec 1496 Rowland Fitzeustace 1st Baron Portlester (age 66) died.

On 19 Dec 1507 William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 69) died at Wivenhoe [Map] where he was buried. Viscount Beaumont 2C 1440 extinct. Baron Beaumont abeyant between his two nieces Joanne Lovell and Frideswell Lovell. The issue of Frideswell Lovell were disbarred from succeededing when her son Henry Norreys (age 25) was attainted. Baron Bardolf of Wormegay in Norfolk abeyant between his great nephews including Henry Norreys (age 25), George Stapleton (age 28) and great-great nephew Brian Stapleton (age 30).

1562 Battle of Dreux

On 19 Dec 1562 the Battle of Dreux was fought between Catholics, who were victorious, and Huguenots commanded by Anne I Duke of Montmorency (age 69) and Louis Bourbon Prince Condé (age 32) respectively.


On 19 Dec 1562 Jean d'Annebault was killed at the 1562 Battle of Dreux.

On 19 Dec 1566 George Talbot 9th Earl of Shrewsbury was born to John Talbot (age 21) and Katherine Petre (age 21).


On 19 Dec 1594 John Danvers (age 54) died said to have been of a broken heart following the disgrace of his sons Charles Danvers (age 26) and Henry Danvers 1st Earl Danby (age 21).


On 19 Dec 1635 Mary Witham Baronetess Bolles (age 56) was created 1st Baronet Bolles then Jobson of Osberton by King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 35). Possibly the only time a woman has been created a Baronet. There are examples of the widows of Baronets being given the rank of Baronet.


On 19 Dec 1636 William Spencer 2nd Baron Spencer (age 45) died. His son Henry Spencer 1st Earl of Sunderland (age 16) succeeded 3rd Baron Spencer Wormleighton.

On 19 Dec 1726 Henry Fane of Brympton (age 57) died. He was buried at Westbury-on-Trym, Gloucestershire. Thomas Fane 8th Earl of Westmoreland (age 25) inherited Fulbeck Hall.

On 19 Dec 1726 Henry Willoughby 5th Baron Middleton was born to Thomas Willoughby (age 32) and Elizabeth Southby at York [Map].

On 19 Dec 1728 Thomas Willoughby 4th Baron Middleton was born to Francis Willoughby 2nd Baron Middleton (age 36) and Mary Edwards Baroness Middleton.

On 19 Dec 1751 James Barry 5th Earl Barrymore (age 34) died. His son Richard Barry 6th Earl Barrymore (age 6) succeeded 6th Earl Barrymore.

On 19 Dec 1771 Charles Ellis 1st Baron Seaford was born.

On 19 Dec 1774 Charles Stanhope 3rd Earl Stanhope (age 21) and Hester Pitt (age 19) were married. She the daughter of William "The Elder" Pitt 1st Earl Chatham (age 66) and Hester Granville Countess Chatham (age 54). He the son of Philip Stanhope 2nd Earl Stanhope (age 60) and Grizel Hamilton Countess Stanhope. They were half second cousins.

After 19 Dec 1787. Monument at St Mary the Virgin Church, Overton to Francis Parry Price (deceased) commissioned by his widow Francisca Wright sculpted by Charles Bromfield (age 48).

Francis Parry Price: Around 1761 he was born. Before 1785 Francis Parry Price (age 24) and Francisca Wright were married. They had one son Francis Richard and one daughter Francisca Dorothea. On 19 Dec 1787 Francis Parry Price (age 26) died.

Francisca Wright: She was born to Reverend Henry Mottram Wright of Mottram St Andrew, Cheshire.

Around 19 Dec 1810, three weeks after her divorce, George William Campbell 6th Duke Argyll (age 42) and Caroline Elizabeth Villiers Duchess Argyll (age 36) were married at Canongate Kirk. She by marriage Duchess Argyll. She the daughter of George Bussy Villiers 4th Earl Jersey and Frances Twysden (age 57). He the son of John Campbell 5th Duke Argyll and Elizabeth Gunning Duchess Hamilton and Argyll.


After 19 Dec 1810 Henry William Paget 1st Marquess Anglesey (age 42) and Charlotte Cadogan Marchioness Anglesey (age 29) were married. She the daughter of Charles Sloane Cadogan 1st Earl Cadogan and Mary Churchill Countess Cadogan (age 52). He the son of Henry Bayly-Paget 1st Earl Uxbridge (age 66) and Jane Champagné Countess Uxbridge (age 68).

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On 19 Dec 1858 George Warwick Bamlfylde 1st Baron Poltimore (age 72) died. His son Augustus Frederick Bampfylde 2nd Baron Poltimore (age 21) succeeded 2nd Baron Politmore, 7th Baronet Bampfylde of Poltimore in Devon. Florence Sarah Wilhelmine Sheridan Baroness Poltimore by marriage Baroness Politmore.

On 19 Dec 1864 William Plunket 5th Baron Plunket was born to Archbishop William Plunket 4th Baron Plunket (age 36).

Before 19 Dec 1870 Henry John Peachey 3rd Baron Selsey and Anne Maria Louisa Irby (age 78) were married. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 19 Dec 1895 Rainald Knightley 1st Baron Knightley (age 76) died without issue. Baron Knightley extinct. His half first cousin Valentine Knightley 4th Baronet (age 83) succeeded 4th Baronet Knightley of Fawsley.

On 19 Dec 1896 James Charles Agar 3rd Earl Normanton (age 78) died. His son Sidney James Agar 4th Earl Normanton (age 31) succeeded 4th Earl Normanton.

On 19 Dec 1902 Henry Verney 26th Baron Latimer 18th Baron Willoughby de Broke (age 58) died on board the steamship Australia. He was buried at sea near Colombo.His son Richard Verney 27th Baron Latimer 19th Baron Willoughby de Broke (age 33) succeeded 27th Baron Latimer of Corby 1C 1299, 19th Baron Willoughby Broke.

On 19 Dec 1906 Antony Head 1st Viscount Head was born.

After 19 Dec 1916. St Saeran's Church, Llanynys [Map]. Grave in the churchyard to Tom Jones Railway Guard who was killed in a Railway Accident at Wigan Railway Station:

"In this case the 10 p.m. passenger train from Euston after arrival at the down fast platform line was drawn forward past No. 4 signal-box to be backed into No 5 bay line, and just as it was being set back it was run into in the rear by the 11.15 p.m. express passenger train from Euston to Edinburgh. The guard of the 10 p.m. train was killed as was also a sorter in a postal van of the 11.15 pm. train. Five post office officials and two passengers were injured, also the fireman of the 10 p.m. train, the driver of the assisting engine, the driver and fireman of the train engine, and the assistant guard of the 11.15 p.m. train."

On 19 Dec 1941 John Dudley North 13th Baron North (age 24) was killed in action when HMS Neptune was sunk by enemy mines in the Mediterranean. Baron North abeyant between his two sisters.

On 19 Dec 1942 Lieutenant Andrew Jervis Hawkins (age 21) was killed while flying in the service of his country. Memorial in Church of St George, South Acre [Map].

Lieutenant Andrew Jervis Hawkins: On 23 Mar 1921 he was born at South Acre.

On 19 Dec 1958 Arthur Gore 6th Earl of Arran (age 90) died. His son Arthur Gore 7th Earl of Arran (age 55) succeeded 7th Earl Arran 3C 1762. He committed suicide nine days later.

On 19 Dec 1961 David Armstrong-Jones 2nd Earl of Snowdon was baptised in the Music Room, Buckingham Palace. His godparents were Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (age 35), Elizabeth Cavendish (age 35), Patrick Plunket 7th Baron Plunket (age 38), Rupert Charles Montacute Neville (age 38) and Bishop Simon Phipps.

Penlee Lifeboat Disaster

19 Dec 1981. The Penlee lifeboat disaster occurred off the coast of Cornwall, England when RNLI lifeboat Solomon Browne, from Penlee Lifeboat Station near Mousehole, went to the aid of the vessel Union Star after its engines failed in heavy seas. After the lifeboat had rescued four people, both vessels were lost with all hands. Sixteen people died, including eight volunteer lifeboatmen.

Before 19 Dec 1995 Bishop Gerald Fitzmaurice Colin (age 82) and Iris Susan Stuart Colin (age 74) were married.

On 19 Dec 1995 Bishop Gerald Fitzmaurice Colin (age 82) died. He was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].