On this Day in History ... 26th September

26 Sep is in September.

1415 Siege of Harfleur

1517 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1587 Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

Events on the 26th September

On 26 Sep 1087 William "Rufus" II King England (age 31) was crowned II King England.

On 26 Sep 1290 Margaret "Maid of Norway" I Queen Scotland (age 7) died at St Margaret's Hope.

On 26 Sep 1415 William Boteler of Bewsey (age 39) died at the Siege of Harfleur.

Letters and Papers 1517. 26 Sep 1517. Giust. Desp. II. 130. 3697. SEB. GIUSTINIAN to the COUNCIL OF TEN.

Has left London to avoid the plague. Has heard of another conspiracy of the mob to murder the strangers and sack their houses. Thinks it was suggested by the absence of the King, Cardinal and other lords, who have gone in the country. The city is prepared: 3,000 householders are under arms. Three of the ringleaders have been arrested. Desires to return home. The present session will last all October, after which there will be no reason for him to stay. Westminster, 26 Sept. 1517.

The Letter Books of Amias Paulet Keeper of Mary Queen of Scots Published 1874 Marys Execution. Poulet (age 54), as has already been said, was made Chancellor of the Garter in April, 1587, but he did not retain this preferment for a whole year. He continued in the Captaincy of Jersey up to his death, but he appears to have resided in and near London. In the British Museum are two letters from him of small importance. One, addressed to the Lord High Admiral, is dated, "From my poor lodging in Fleet Street [Map], the 14th of January, 1587," about "right of tenths in Jersey, belonging to the Government." The other, "From my little lodge at Twickenham, the 24th of April, 1588," "on behalf of Berry," whose divorce was referred by the Justices of the Common Pleas to four Doctors of the Civil Law, of whom Mr. Doctor Caesar, Judge of the Admiralty, to whom the letter was written, was one.

His name also occurs in a letter, from Walsingham to Burghley, dated May 23, 1587, while Elizabeth still kept up the farce of Burghley's disgrace for despatching Mary Stuart's death-warrant. "Touching the Chancellorship of the Duchy, she told Sir Amias Poulet that in respect of her promise made unto me, she would not dispose of it otherwise. But yet hath he no power to deliver the seals unto me, though for that purpose the Attorney is commanded to attend him, who I suppose will be dismissed hence this day without any resolution." And on the 4th of January following, together with the other lords of the Council, he signed a letter addressed by the Privy Council to the Lord Admiral and to Lord Buckhurst, the Lieutenants of Sussex, against such Catholics as "most obstinately have refused to come to the church to prayers and divine service," requiring them to "cause the most obstinate and noted persons to be committed to such prisons as are fittest for their safe keeping: the rest that are of value, and not so obstinate, are to be referred to the custody of some -ecclesiastical persons and other gentlemen well affected, to remain at the charges of the recusant, to be restrained in such sort as they may be forthcoming, and kept from intelligence with one another." On the 26th of September, in the year in which this letter was written, 1588, Sir Amias Poulet died.

Poulet was buried in St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London. [Map]. When that church was pulled down to be rebuilt, his remains, with the handsome monument erected over them, were removed to the parish church of Hinton St. George. After various panegyrics in Latin, French, and English inscribed on his. Monument, a quatrain, expressive apparently of royal favour, pays the following tribute to the service rendered by him to the State as Keeper of the Queen of Scots: Never shall cease to spread wise Poulet's fame; These will speak, and men shall blush for shame: Without offence to speak what I do know, Great is the debt England to him doth owe.Execution of Mary Queen of Scots.

Pepy's Diary. 26 Sep 1666. Here I met with good Mr. Evelyn (age 45), who cries out against it, and calls it bitchering1, for the Duke of Yorke (age 32) talks a little to her, and then she goes away, and then he follows her again like a dog. He observes that none of the nobility come out of the country at all to help the King (age 36), or comfort him, or prevent commotions at this fire; but do as if the King (age 36) were nobody; nor ne'er a priest comes to give the King (age 36) and Court good council, or to comfort the poor people that suffer; but all is dead, nothing of good in any of their minds: he bemoans it, and says he fears more ruin hangs over our heads.

Note 1. This word was apparently of Evelyn's own making.

On 26 Sep 1725 Robert Clive "Clive of India" was born to Richard Clive (age 31) and Rebecca Gaskell at The Styche, Market Drayton.

After 26 Sep 1811. Monument to Elizabeth Percy (age 46) at the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Ecton [Map].

Elizabeth Percy: Reverend Pierce Meade and she were married. On 11 Jul 1765 she was born to Bishop Thomas Percy and Anne Gutteridge. On 26 Sep 1825 she died at Ecton, Northamptonshire.

On 1864 James Nesfield Forsyth was born to James Forsyth (age 36) and Eliza Hastie (age 30). Baptised on 26 Sep 1869 Abode shown as Palatine Cottage. Two of his siblings were also baptised on the same day.

On 26 Sep 1882 Walter Marsden was born to John Marsden at Church, Lancashire. He was baptised on 18 Jan 1883 at Church, Lancashire. His father's occupation on the 1891 census is Blacksmith.

The London Gazette 30308. 26 Sep 1917. Awarded the Military Cross.

2nd Lt. Walter Marsden (age 35), N. Lan. R.

Births on the 26th September

On 26 Sep 1401 John Hill of Spaxton was born to Robert Hill of Spaxton (age 40).

On 26 Sep 1462 Engelbert La Marck Count Nevers was born to John La Marck I Duke Cleves (age 43) and Elizabeth Valois Duchess Cleves (age 23). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.05%.

On 26 Sep 1547 William Pretyman was born.

On 26 Sep 1565 Charles Habsburg Spain was born to Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor (age 38) and Maria of Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 37). Coefficient of inbreeding 10.03%.

On 26 Sep 1586 Friedrich Wettin was born to Friedrich Wilhelm Wettin I Duke Saxe Weimar (age 24) and Sophie of Württemberg Duchess of Saxe-Weimar (age 22) at Weimar.

On 26 Sep 1641 Nehemiah Grew Plant Anatomist was born.

On 26 Sep 1656 William des Bouverie 1st Baronet was born to Edward des Bouverie (age 34) and Anne de la Foterie.

Before 26 Sep 1662 John Wray was born to John Wray 3rd Baronet (age 43) and Sarah Evelyn Viscountess Fanshawe and Castleton (age 20).

On 26 Sep 1672 Charles Finch 4th Earl Winchilsea was born to William Finch (age 19).

Before 26 Sep 1698 Henrietta Cavendish was born to William Cavendish 2nd Duke Devonshire (age 26) and Mary Heneage.

On or before 26 Sep 1711 Richard Grenville-Temple 2nd Earl Temple was born to Richard Granville (age 33) and Hester Temple 1st Countess Temple (age 21).

On 26 Sep 1720 George Amyand 1st Baronet was born.

On 26 Sep 1725 Robert Clive "Clive of India" was born to Richard Clive (age 31) and Rebecca Gaskell at The Styche, Market Drayton.

On 26 Sep 1728 Deborah Knightley was born to Lucius Knightley (age 44). She died three weeks later on 14 Oct 1728.

On 26 Sep 1748 Vice-Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood was born.

On 26 Sep 1785 Charles Powlett 2nd Baron Bayning was born to Charles Townshend 1st Baron Bayning (age 56) and Annabella Smith-Powlett (age 31). He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge University [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.24%.

On 26 Sep 1803 Charles Lowther 3rd Baronet was born.

On 26 Sep 1823 John Craster of Craster Tower was born to Thomas Wood aka Craster (age 37).

On 26 Sep 1829 Luke White 2nd Baron Annaly was born to Henry White 1st Baron Annaly (age 39).

On 26 Sep 1837 Blanche Pocklington Senhouse Baroness Scarsdale was born to Joseph Pocklington Senhouse (age 33).

On 30 Jul 1852 Henry Oxley was born to John Francis Oxley (age 34) and Isabella Richardson (age 33) at 10 Ellerby Street. He was baptised on 26 Sep 1852 at St Saviour's Church, Leeds.

Isabella Richardson: On or before 30 May 1819 she was born to William Richardson. She was baptised on 30 May 1819 at Beeston, Leeds. On 23 Mar 1840 John Francis Oxley and she were married. He a Cloth-dresser. Both resident at Woodhouse. His father's name Henry Oxley. He a Cloth-dresser. Her father's name William Richardson.

On 26 Sep 1853 Alexander Fuller-Acland-Hood 1st Baron St Audries was born to Alexander Hood 3rd Baronet (age 34) and Isabel Harriet Acland Lady Hood.

On 26 Sep 1854 Henry Arden Adderley 5th Baron Norton was born.

On 26 Sep 1858 Charles George Edmund John Manners was born to George John Manners (age 38) and Adeliza Matilda Fitzalan (age 29). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.64%.

On 1864 James Nesfield Forsyth was born to James Forsyth (age 36) and Eliza Hastie (age 30). Baptised on 26 Sep 1869 Abode shown as Palatine Cottage. Two of his siblings were also baptised on the same day.

In 1866 Agnes Ellen Forsyth was born to James Forsyth (age 38) and Eliza Hastie (age 32). She was baptised on the same day 26 Sep 1869 as her elder brother and younger sister.

On 26 Sep 1867 Ambrose Macdonald Poynter 2nd Baronet was born to Edward Poynter 1st Baronet (age 31) and Agnes Macdonald Lady Poynter (age 24).

Before 02 Apr 1868 Eliza Forsyth was born illegitimately to James Forsyth (age 40) and Annie Hardie (age 29). She was baptised on the same day 26 Sep 1869 as her elder brother and sister. Given that she was three on the date of the 1871 Census 02 Apr 1871 it suggests she was illegitimate since her parents married on 07 Nov 1868.

On 26 Sep 1880 Alice Katherine Sibell Grosvenor was born to Robert Grosvenor 2nd Baron Ebury (age 46) and Emilie Beaujolais White.

On 26 Sep 1882 Walter Marsden was born to John Marsden at Church, Lancashire. He was baptised on 18 Jan 1883 at Church, Lancashire. His father's occupation on the 1891 census is Blacksmith.

On 26 Sep 1904 Ralph Henry Bathurst was born to Seymour Bathurst 7th Earl Bathurst (age 40) and Lilias Margaret Frances Borthwick Countess Bathurst Sussex (age 33).

On 26 Sep 1919 Herbert Oxley was born to Frederick Oxley (age 39) and Sarah Ellen Hyde (age 30) at Hayfield, Derbyshire [Map].

On 26 Sep 1945 Charles Townshend 8th Marquess Townshend was born to George Townshend 7th Marquess Townshend (age 29) and Elizabeth Luby Marchioness Townshend.

Marriages on the 26th September

Before 26 Sep 1558 Richard Pecshall and Eleanor Paulett were married. She the daughter of William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester (age 75) and Elizabeth Capell Marchioness Winchester.

On 26 Sep 1585 Henry Julius Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (age 20) and Dorothea of Saxony (age 21) were married. She the daughter of Augustus Wettin Elector of Saxony (age 59) and Anna Oldenburg (age 52).

Before 26 Sep 1586 Christopher Plunkett 8th Baron Killeen (age 22) and Genet Dillon Baroness Killeen were married. They were third cousins.

Before 26 Sep 1656 Edward des Bouverie (age 34) and Anne de la Foterie were married.

Before 26 Sep 1662 John Wray 3rd Baronet (age 43) and Sarah Evelyn Viscountess Fanshawe and Castleton (age 20) were married. She by marriage Lady Wray of Glentworth in Lincolnshire. The difference in their ages was 22 years.

Before 26 Sep 1725 Richard Clive (age 31) and Rebecca Gaskell were married.

On 26 Sep 1765 George Harcourt 2nd Earl Harcourt (age 29) and Elizabeth Venables-Vernon Countess Harcourt (age 19) were married. He the son of Simon Harcourt 1st Earl Harcourt (age 51) and Rebecca Samborne Le Bass. They were first cousins.

On 26 Sep 1815 George Cornewall 3rd Baronet (age 41) and Jane Naper Lady Cornewall were married.

On 26 Sep 1839 Charles William Frederick Cavendish-Bentinck (age 21) and Sinetta Lambourne (age 19) were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square.

On 26 Sep 1843 William Bernard Petre 12th Baron Petre (age 25) and Mary Theresa Clifford (age 20) were married. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 26 Sep 1851 William Tollemache (age 31) and Katherine Elizabeth Camilla Burke (age 31) were married at the Church of St John, East Horrington. He the son of Lionel Tollemache 8th Earl Dysart (age 56) and Maria Elizabeth Toone Countess Dysart. They were first cousins.

On 26 Sep 1860 Jeremiah Head (age 25) and Rebecca Ingram Wrightson were married.

On 26 Sep 1865 Granville Leveson-Gower 2nd Earl Granville (age 50) and Sophia Castila Rosamund Campbell Countess Granville (age 18) were married. The difference in their ages was 32 years. He the son of Granville Leveson-Gower 1st Earl Granville and Harriet Cavendish Countess Granville.

On 26 Sep 1877 Richard Bingham (age 30) and Mary Elizabeth Cole were married. He the son of George Charles Bingham 3rd Earl Lucan (age 77) and Anne Brudenell Countess Lucan (age 68).

On 26 Sep 1877 Ernest James Seymour (age 27) and Georgiana Seymour Fortescue (age 25) were married. She the daughter of Hugh Fortescue 3rd Earl Fortescue (age 59) and Georgina Augusta Dawson-Damer Countess Fortescue. He the son of Francis George Hugh Seymour-Conway 5th Marquess Hertford (age 65) and Frances Elizabeth Anson Marchioness Hertford (age 67). They were second cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 26 Sep 1928 William Smith 3rd Viscount Hambleden (age 25) and Patricia Herbert Viscountess Hambleden (age 23) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Hambleden of Hambleden in Buckinghamshire. She the daughter of Reginald Herbert 15th Earl Pembroke 12th Earl Montgomery (age 48) and Beatrice Eleanor Paget Countess Pembroke and Montgomery (age 45).

On 26 Sep 1956 Edward Portman 9th Viscount Portman (age 22) and Rosemary Joy Farris were married. They were divorced in 1965.

Deaths on the 26th September

On 26 Sep 1107 Bishop Maurice died.

On 26 Sep 1176 Sophie Salm Countess Holland (age 56) died.

On 26 Sep 1285 Theobald Butler (age 43) died. His son Theobald Butler (age 16) succeeded 5th Chief Butler Ireland.

On 26 Sep 1290 Margaret "Maid of Norway" I Queen Scotland (age 7) died at St Margaret's Hope.

Around 26 Sep 1323 Ralph Gorges 1st Baron Gorges of Wraxall (age 47) died.

On 26 Sep 1365 Marmaduke Lumley (age 51) died.

On 26 Sep 1415 William Boteler of Bewsey (age 39) died at the Siege of Harfleur.

On 26 Sep 1425 Sofia Wittelsbach (age 49) died.

On 26 Sep 1469 Jacquetta Stanlow (age 33) died.

On 26 Sep 1485 Thomas Frowyk (age 62) died. He was buried in St. Anne’s chapel, in Ealing church. In his will dated 22 Sept and proved. 10 Nov. 1485. he mentions his wife, daughter Isabel, sons Henry and Thomas. He had estates in Berkshire, Hertfordshire, Suffolk and London. Amongst these estates was the manor of Durhams in south Mimms. Johanna his wife was to hold his lands for life, with remainder to either Henry or Thomas his two sons. Ipres Inn, his London house, was left to Johanna. He also made mention of Thomas Bledlow, alderman, citizen and grocer and husband of his daughter Elizabeth, for whom he was executor in 1478. Executors: his wife Jane, John Warde, steward of Syon Abbey, and Mr. William Tournor.

On 26 Sep 1497 Bertrand Auvergne VI Count Auvergne (age 80) died. His son Jean III Count Auvergne (age 30) succeeded III Count Auvergne.

On 26 Sep 1543 William Herries 3rd Lord of Terregles (age 35) died. His daughter Agnes Herries 4th Lady of Terregles (age 9) succeeded 4th Lord Herries of Terregles.

On 26 Sep 1557 John Sackville (age 73) died.

On 26 Sep 1558 Eleanor Paulett died.

On 26 Sep 1558 James Foljambe (age 47) died at Chesterfield [Map].

On 26 Sep 1588 Amias Paulett (age 55) died at Hinton St George, Somerset.

On 26 Sep 1592 Thomas Tyrrell (age 52) died.

On 26 Sep 1594 Thomas Knyvet (age 36) died at Charlton, Wiltshire.

On 26 Sep 1610 Francis Hastings (age 60) died.

On 26 Sep 1623 Charles Grey 7th Earl Kent died. His son Henry Grey 8th Earl Kent (age 40) succeeded 8th Earl Kent, 11th Baron Grey of Ruthyn 1324.

On 26 Sep 1639 Catherine Finch Lady Wentworth (age 51) died.

Before 26 Sep 1643 Dorothy Alington Lady Leventhorpe (age 40) died. On 26 Sep 1643 Dorothy Alington Lady Leventhorpe (age 40) was buried at Great St Mary's Church, Sawbridgeworth.

On 26 Sep 1669 Anne Pope (age 33) died at Westmoreland County. She was buried at Bridge Creek.

On 26 Sep 1672 John Fettiplace 1st Baronet (age 46) died. His son Edmund Fettiplace 2nd Baronet (age 18) succeeded 2nd Baronet Fettiplace of Childrey in Berkshire.

On 26 Sep 1689 August Oldenburg (age 37) died at Bonn.

On 26 Sep 1709 Emanual Scrope Howe (age 46) died.

On 26 Sep 1710 Robert Kemp 2nd Baronet (age 82) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Gissing. His son Robert Kemp 3rd Baronet (age 43) succeeded 3rd Baronet Kemp of Gissing in Norfolk.

On 26 Sep 1711 Elizabeth Knightley (age 58) died.

On 26 Sep 1716 Elizabeth Willoughby died.

On 26 Sep 1724 Eleanor Cave died.

On 26 Sep 1736 Louise Diane Bourbon (age 20) died.

On 26 Sep 1744 John Danvers 3rd Baronet (age 71) died. He was buried at St Mary the Virgin Church, Culworth [Map]. His son Henry D'Anvers 4th Baronet (age 13) succeeded 4th Baronet D'Anvers of Culworth in Northamptonshire.

On 26 Sep 1754 Maria Winifreda Francisca Shireburn Duchess Norfolk (age 61) died.

On 26 Sep 1765 George Fitzgerald (age 17) died.

On 26 Sep 1768 Martin Sandys (age 39) died.

On 26 Sep 1777 Juliana Donovan Countess Anglesey died.

On 26 Sep 1799 Willoughby Bertie 4th Earl of Abingdon (age 59) died. His son Montagu Bertie 5th Earl of Abingdon (age 15) succeeded 5th Earl Abingdon.

On 26 Sep 1825 Elizabeth Percy (age 60) died at Ecton, Northamptonshire.

On 26 Sep 1832 FitzWilliam Barrington 10th Baronet (age 77) died.

On 26 Sep 1845 John Loftus 2nd Marquess Ely (age 75) died.

On 26 Sep 1874 Robert Berkeley (age 80) died.

On 26 Sep 1888 Reverend Edgell Wyatt-Edgell Baron Braye (age 87) died.

On 26 Sep 1899 Harriet Charlotte Sophia Ryder died.

On 26 Sep 1923 Aubrey Nigel Henry Molyneux Herbert (age 43) died.

On 26 Sep 1923 Ernest Amherst Villiers (age 59) died.

On 26 Sep 1924 George Medlicott Vereker (age 64) died.

On 26 Sep 1931 Elizabeth Demarest (age 39) died. Her daughter Elizabeth Sutherland 24th Countess of Sutherland (age 10) became a ward of her uncle George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower 5th Duke of Sutherland (age 43).

On 26 Sep 1935 Francis Williams-Drummond (age 72) died.

On 26 Sep 1940 Florence Eleanor Bagot died.

On 26 Sep 1951 Mabel Florence Harriett Wentworth-Fitzwilliam (age 81) died.

On 26 Sep 1966 Lilian Lambton Countess of Home (age 84) died.

On 26 Sep 1977 Randal McDonnell 8th Earl of Antrim (age 66) died. His son Alexander McDonnell 9th Earl of Antrim (age 42) succeeded 9th Earl Antrim 2C, 9th Viscount Dunluce.

On 26 Sep 1994 Louis Ferdinand Hohenzollern (age 86) died.

On 26 Sep 2009 John Dyke Acland 16th Baronet (age 70) died in a car accident, or as a consequence of a car accident. His son Dominic Dyle Acland 17th Baronet (age 47) succeeded 17th Baronet Acland of Columb John in Devon.