On this Day in History ... 28th March

28 Mar is in March.

1193 Capture of Richard I

1306 Coronation of Robert the Bruce

1424 Release of James I of Scotland

1461 Battles of Ferrybridge

1586 Exeter Black Assizes

1727 Death and Funeral of Isaac Newton

1868 Death of Lord Cardigan

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 28th March

On 28 Mar 1193 King Richard "Lionheart" I of England (age 35) was handed over to Henry Hohenstaufen VI Holy Roman Emperor (age 27) who imprisoned him in Trifels Castle.

On 28 Mar 1241 King Valdemar II of Denmark (age 70) died.

On 27 Mar 1306, Palm Sunday, Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland (age 31) was crowned King Scotland at Scone Abbey [Map] by Bishop of St Andrews and Bishop Robert Wishart. Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland (age 22) was crowned Queen Consort Scotland. Christopher Seton (deceased) and Bishop David de Moravia were present. He was wearing royal robes and vestments previously hidden from the English by Bishop Robert Wishart.

The following day, 28 Mar 1306, Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland (age 31) was crowned by Isabella Countess Buchan whose family held the hereditary right to place the crown on the King's head; she had arrived too late for the coronation the day before. The right was held by her brother Duncan Fife 4th Earl Fife (age 18) who was under-age and held by the English so she assumed the right in his place.

On 28 Mar 1424 King James I of Scotland (age 29) signed his release agreement, in which he promised to pay a ransom of 60,000 marks, at Durham, County Durham [Map]. He and his wife Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland (age 20), married for seven weeks, travelled to Melrose Abbey [Map] arriving on 05 Apr 1424

On 27 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 32) fought at Ferrybridge with John Radclyffe Baron Fitzwalter (age 35) capturing the bridge.

On 28 Mar 1461 a further skirmish occurred near Ferrybridge. Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 32) fought. John Radclyffe Baron Fitzwalter (age 35) was killed. For Lancaster John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford (age 25) and John Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby (age 51).

On 28 Mar 1461 John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford (age 25) was killed at Dintingdale during a skirmish. William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 56) fought for York. His son Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford (age 7) succeeded 10th Baron de Clifford, 10th Lord Skipton.

Chronicle of Gregory 1461. And the xxviij day of Marche, that was Palme Sunday evyn, the Lord Fewater (age 35) was slayne at Ferybryge, and many with him was slayne and drownyd. And the Erle of Warwycke (age 32) was hurte yn his legge with an arowe at the same jornaye.

Hall's Chronicle 1461. 28 Mar 1461. The lusty king Edward, perceiving the courage of his trusty friend the earl of Warwick, made proclamation that all men, which were already to fight, should incontinent [ie quickly] depart, and to all me that tarried the battle, he promised great rewards with this addition, that if any soldier, which voluntarily would abide, and in, or before the conflict fly, or turn his back, that then he that could kill him should have a great remuneration and double wages. After this proclamation ended the lord Fauconberg, sir Water Blount, Robert Home with the forward, passed the river at Castleford three miles from Ferrybridge, intending to have environed and enclosed the lord Clifford and his company, but they being thereof advertised, departed in great haste toward king Henry's army, but they meet with some that they looked not for, and were trapped or they were ware [?]. For the lord Clifford, either bridge for heat or pain, putting of his gorget, suddenly with an arrow (as some say) without an head, was struck into the throat, and incontinent rendered his spirit, and the earl of Westmorland's brother and all his company almost were there slain, at a place called Dintingdale, not far from Towton. This end had he, which slew the young earl of Rutland, kneeling on his knees: whose young son Thomas Clifford was brought up with a shepherd, in poor habit, and dissimuled behaviour ever in fear, to publish his lineage or degree, till king Henry the vii obtained the crown, and got the diadem: by whom he was restored to his name and possessions.

Letters 1536. 28 Mar 1536. R. O. 573. T. Warley to Lady Lisle (age 42).

Received her letter today from Buck, Lord Edmund's servant, bidding him send the kirtle and sleeves given by the Queen (age 35), by Goodale. Had already given it to Hussey, with three yards of black satin for Lord Lisle's (age 71) doublet. As to her desiring him to take 20s. from Hussey to reward those in the Queen's wardrobe, Hussey says Mr. Taylour wishes no reward to be given. Has delivered the casket of steel and "flower" to Mrs. Margery Horsman. She was right glad of it, and said it would serve to keep her jewels in. Encloses a gold cramp ring, which she gave him for Lady Lisle (age 42). Has not seen Mr. Receiver since her letter. Since coming to London has received a letter of Lady Lisle (age 42) from Hussey, dated 17 March; another, dated 25 March, by Bucke; and one from Lord Lisle (age 71), dated 18 March. No news but that the abbeys shall down. The King's solicitor, Mr. Riche, is made general surveyor, and Mr. Pope, the Lord Chancellor's servant, the general receiver. Great fees are allowed them. There will be eight other receivers, who will have during their lives, £20 a year, £10 for the carriage of every £1,000, their costs and charges borne. Edward Waters, Mr. Gunston's brother-in-law, is one, and Freman, the King's goldsmith, another. Does not know the rest, nor who will be auditors. It is said the King will ride North to meet the king of Scots. Received from Bucke a packet of letters from Lord Lisle (age 71). Delivered them to Mr. Secretary, who incontinently read them. It is an evil time for suitors, as the King and his Council have so many matters in hand daily. Begs her to ask Lord Lisle (age 71) to write in his behalf to the Lord Chancellor, that he may have expedition in his suit. London, 28 March. Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Calais.

Letters 1536. 28 Mar 1536. In this three things are to be considered:—(1.) That in that case nothing more can be done for her advantage during her father's life, and she can take no action with good conscience against her father even for redress of the injuries done to her late mother, even if her life was "advancée sinestrement," as is suspected; and if the sentence of the divorce were pursued, to make the King give up his concubine (age 35), he might marry another, whereas it is certain he could have no issue from the concubine (age 35) to hinder the succession of the Princess. And as one of the principal points which the King will think of with regard to our said cousin, and also the concubine (age 35) and her adherents, will be to whom they will marry her, and it is important also to treat of it as a principal point in order to with draw our said cousin even for her surety, as well as for the security of further negociations, you will endeavour discreetly to discover to what match the king of England leans; and, as of yourself, and in such wise that no one can presume it is part of your charge, you may suggest Don Loys of Portugal, our brother-in-law, who was lately with us in the Tunis expedition, and do your best to recommend it either to the King or Cromwell. He is, in truth, the person who, among all others, seems best suited both for the Princess herself and for the King and his realm, and the concubine (age 35) and her adherents ought to be less suspicious of him as the Portuguese are good neighbours and not quarrelsome, as you may suggest; but it must be with a suitable dowry. (2.) By this means the Princess might be drawn out of the kingdom, rescued from continual danger of her life, and allied with a person of suitable quality; and, when the time came, might be assisted by her allies in obtaining her right; and if issue came of the marriage, especially male issue, it would be a great occasion to her father to recall her and her children into the kingdom, if he is satisfied with the treaty we shall make together, and the good offices we shall continue to do him. And (3), although it be a good thing to bring back the King to his allegiance to the Church, even though the Church forbear some of her rights and profits, and also to withdraw our cousin out of the realm, yet we cannot do prejudice in the future either to the one or to the other, and means may be found hereafter of putting the said Church in full possession of her rights, especially if our said cousin succeed to the Crown; and she also, before leaving England, cannot make any treaty which can prejudice her, since everyone knows in what fear and danger she is kept. Moreover, although the concubine (age 35) might not agree to either the one or the other of the above means (the declaration or suspension),—which she and all her adherents ought to think a great advantage, to be relieved from the fear and danger they are continually in,—and though she put forth further claims in behalf of her daughter and other children that she might have, yet you should not break off negotiations on this account, but ascertain in this also to what she will agree, and, after making such representations to her as you think fit, say you will refer to us. If you find her demands too exorbitant you may use Cromwell's help, if he can and will do what he has promised, and use all possible dexterity to make the most advantageous terms for her that you can; and if there be anything that requires to be kept secret from the said concubine (age 35) or her adherents "il s'en usera selon ce."

In Mar 1586 a virulent outbreak of gaol fever occurred during the Assizes in Exeter, Devon [Map]. The cause according to modern medical opinion was typhus transmitted by the human body-louse. Among the dead victims were eight judges, eleven of the twelve jurors, several constables, and the surrounding population which was ravaged by the disease for several months.

Edward Flowerdew died of gaol fever.

On 28 Mar 1586 Thomas Carew of Haccombe (age 70) died of gaol fever.

On 31 Mar 1586 John Chichester died of gaol fever.

On 01 Apr 1586 Robert Carey (age 71) died of gaol fever.

On 02 Apr 1586 Arthur Bassett (age 45) died of gaol fever.

On 10 Apr 1586 Bernard Drake (age 58) died of gaol fever.

Pepy's Diary. 28 Mar 1666. So by coach to Hales's (age 66), and there sat again, and it is become mighty like. Hither come my wife and Mercer brought by Mrs. Pierce and Knipp, we were mighty merry and the picture goes on the better for it.

Pepy's Diary. 28 Mar 1666. Thence set them down at Pierces, and we home, where busy and at my chamber till 12 at night, and so to bed. This night, I am told, the Queene of Portugall (deceased), the mother to our Queene (age 27), is lately dead, and newes brought of it hither this day1. 29th. All the morning hard at the office.

Note 1. Donna Luiza (deceased), the Queen Regent of Portugal. She was daughter of the Duke de Medina Sidonia and widow of Juan IV. The Court wore the deepest mourning on this occasion. The ladies were directed to wear their hair plain, and to appear without spots on their faces, the disfiguring fashion of patching having just been introduced.- Strickland's Queens of England, vol. viii., p. 362.

On 28 Mar 1717 Roger Gale (age 44) was elected Fellow of the Royal Society.

On 28 Mar 1727 Isaac Newton (deceased) was buried in Scientist's Corner, Westminster Abbey [Map]; the first scientist to be buried there. The service was performed by the Bishop of Rochester (age 74).

Before the funeral his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His coffin was followed by most of the Fellows of the Royal Society.

The Pall Bearers were the Lord Chancellor Peter King 1st Baron King (age 58), James Graham 1st Duke Montrose (age 44), Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe (age 18), Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery (age 71), Talbot Yelverton 1st Earl of Sussex (age 36) and Thomas Parker 1st Earl Macclesfield (age 60).

The Chief Mourner was Michael Newton 4th Baronet (age 32); his third cousin.

Voltaire observed, "He was buried like a king who had done well by his subjects.".

He was buried at Scientist's Corner, Westminster Abbey [Map]; the first scientist to be buried theren 28 Mar 1727. The inscription on his John Michael Rysbrack (age 32) monument reads "Here is buried Isaac Newton, Knight, who by a strength of mind almost divine, and mathematical principles peculiarly his own, explored the course and figures of the planets, the paths of comets, the tides of the sea, the dissimilarities in rays of light, and, what no other scholar has previously imagined, the properties of the colours thus produced. Diligent, sagacious and faithful, in his expositions of nature, antiquity and the holy Scriptures, he vindicated by his philosophy the majesty of God mighty and good, and expressed the simplicity of the Gospel in his manners. Mortals rejoice that there has existed such and so great an ornament of the human race! He was born on 25th December 1642, and died on 20th March 1726."

On 28 Mar 1809 George Richmond was born in Brompton.

Archaeologia Volume 22 Appendix. March 28, 1822. James Logan, Esq. communicated to the Society two Drawings of Druidical Circles in Aberdeenshire, accompanied by some Remarks.

After 28 Mar 1856. Memorial to Henry Watkin Williams-Wynn (deceased) and Hester Frances Smith. Sculpted by Beford of Oxford Street.

Hester Frances Smith: Around 1790 she was born to Robert Smith 1st Baron Carrington. On 30 Sep 1813 Henry Watkin Williams-Wynn and she were married. On 05 Mar 1854 Hester Frances Smith died.

Adeline Horsey Recollections. One fine March morning he told me that he was going to ride and see a gamekeeper who had accidentally shot himself.

He asked me and Sir Henry Edwards (age 55) to accompany him, but when we reached the keeper's cottage he told us to return to Deene [Map], saying that as he intended to sit an hour with the man he would come on later. We declared our willingness to wait, but Cardigan would not hear of it, and so we somewhat reluctantly rode home without him.

The luncheon hour arrived, but Lord Cardigan did not come; the afternoon dragged on, and still there were no signs of him. I had a horrible presentment that something must have happened, and at once ordered some of the servants to go in search of his Lordship.

My fears were only too well grounded; my husband was found lying insensible on the roadside, nearly lifeless. A roadmender told us afterwards that Lord Cardigan had passed him and spoken a few words and seemed apparently quite well; the horse he was riding shied at a heap of stones and commenced to rear and plunge rather wildly, but my husband kept the animal well under control, for the roadmender saw him ride quietly away. The effort must, however, have afterwards brought on a seizure, for Cardigan fell from his horse, and lay helpless until he was found and brought back to Deene [Map].

For three dreadful days and nights he lay quite unconscious, gasping for breath, and the knowledge that he could not speak to me and did not recognise me intensified my grief a thousandfold. But mercifully his suffering was not prolonged, and on March 28, 1868, my beloved husband passed away.

There are some griefs that are too deep to speak of, even after Time's soothing touch has taken away the first deadly pain of a great sorrow. When I look back and remember the kindness and love which my husband lavished on me, I feel proud to think he often said that the happiest period of his life was after he married me, and that his great possessions and military fame were as nothing compared to the wife he adored.

Lord Cardigan's body lay in state in the ballroom at Deene [Map] for twelve days, during which time six thousand people came to look their last at the remains of the leader of the Charge of the Light Brigade. On April 9 he was buried in Deene Church [Map]; the whole regiment of the 11th Hussars attended the funeral, and he was carried to his last resting-place by eight of his old officers.

When the will was read, it was found that he had left everything to me.

On 28 Mar 1868 James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan (age 70) died from a fall from a horse. Earl Cardigan extinct.

On 25 May 1915 Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan (age 90) died.

Both were buried in St Peter's Church, Deene [Map]; he on 09 Apr 1868. Monument to James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan 1797 1868 sculpted by Joseph Edgar Boehm (age 33). Recumbent effigies on Sarcophagus, bronze sea horses (Brudenell Crest) at the bottom corners.

On 28 Mar 1879 Captain Ronald George Elidor Campbell (age 30) was killed in action in the Zulu Wars at Zlobani Mountain. Monument in St Elidor's Church Stackpole [Map]. His two colleagues took the Zulu position and were both awarded VCs. Colonel Evelyn Wood stated that if he had survived Campbell would also have been recommended for the VC. He died “in the performance of a most gallant act. He was buried where he fell by his comrades under the fire of the enemy” according to the citation. His wife later visited his gravestone which is on the battlefield.

Captain Ronald George Elidor Campbell: In 1867 Ronald Campbell was commissioned in the Coldstream Guards in 1867, promoted Captain in 1871, becoming Adjutant 1st Battalion 1871-78. Before 28 Mar 1879 Captain Ronald George Elidor Campbell applied for special service in South Africa he served in the Anglo-Zulu Wars (1879-96) as Staff Officer to Col. Sir Evelyn Wood.

On 28 Mar 1898 Marie Eugénie Pauline Archer was born to Justice Charles Archer (age 29) at Montreal.

After 28 Mar 1908. St Peter's Church, Edensor [Map]. Reredos in memory of Spencer Cavendish 8th Duke Devonshire (deceased).

On 28 Mar 1910 Ingrid Bernadotte Queen Consort Denmark was born to Gustaf Adolph VI King Sweden (age 27) and Margaret "Daisy" Windsor (age 28). He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Births on the 28th March

On 28 Mar 1483, possibly 06 Apr 1483, Raphael was born. His full name Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino.

On 28 Mar 1527 Isabella Markham was born to John Markham (age 37) and Anne Strelley (age 32).

On 28 Mar 1551 Ferdinand Habsburg Spain was born to Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor (age 23) and Maria of Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 22). Coefficient of inbreeding 10.03%.

On 28 Mar 1578 Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole was born to Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole and Anne Bourne. He was baptised 15 Apr 1578.

On 28 Mar 1591 William Cecil 2nd Earl Salisbury was born to Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury (age 27) and Elizabeth Brooke (age 28).

On 28 Mar 1634 Richard Temple 3rd Baronet was born to Peter Temple 2nd Baronet (age 42) and Christian Leveson (age 22).

On 28 Mar 1666 Frances Mildmay was born to Henry Mildmay of Graces, Little Baddow, Essex (age 16) and Mary Mildmay (age 29).

On 28 Mar 1697 Grace Fitzroy Countess Darlington was born to Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland (age 34) and Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton Duchess of Cleveland (age 33). She a granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 28 Mar 1739 Francis Reynolds-Moreton 3rd Baron Ducie was born to Francis Reynolds and Elizabeth Moreton.

On 28 Mar 1757 Theophilus Biddulph 5th Baronet was born to Theophilus Biddulph 4th Baronet (age 37) and Jane Biddulph Lady Biddulph (age 30). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.12%.

On 28 Mar 1775 Lucy Scott was born to John "Pawky Scott" Scott.

On 28 Mar 1785 Georgiana Maria Fitzroy was born to George Fitzroy 2nd Baron Southampton (age 23) and Laura Keppel Baroness Southampton (age 20). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 28 Mar 1785 Theophilus Biddulph 6th Baronet was born to Theophilus Biddulph 5th Baronet (age 28) and Hannah Prestridge Lady Biddulph (age 30).

On 28 Mar 1785 Ferdinand Georg August Saxe Coburg Gotha was born to Francis Saxe Coburg Gotha I Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 34) and Augusta Reuss Duchess Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 28).

On 28 Mar 1789 Charles Robert Prinsep was born to John Prinsep (age 42) and Sophie Elizabeth Auriol (age 29).

On 28 Mar 1800 Reverend Henry William Buckley was born to Edward Percy Buckley of Woolcombe Hall in Dorset (age 40) and Georgiana West (age 33).

On 28 Mar 1809 George Richmond was born in Brompton.

On 28 Mar 1819 Joseph Bazalgette was born to Joseph William Bazalgette (age 35).

On 28 Mar 1819 William Francis Hotham was born to Reverend Frederick Hotham (age 45) and Anne Elizabeth Hodges (age 37).

On 28 Mar 1837 George William Lowther was born to Charles Lowther 3rd Baronet (age 33).

On 28 Mar 1842 Colonel Edward Chaplin was born to Reverend Henry Chaplin (age 52) and Caroline Horatia Ellice (age 27).

On 28 Mar 1851 Captain Lancelot George Butler-Bowdon of Barlborough House in Chesterfield was born.

On 28 Mar 1851 Murray Finch-Hatton 7th Earl Nottingham 12th Earl Winchilsea was born to George Finch-Hatton 5th Earl Nottingham 10th Earl Winchilsea (age 59) and Fanny Margaretta Rice Countess Nottingham Winchilsea.

On 28 Mar 1854 John Henry Evelyn Manners-Sutton was born to John Manners-Sutton (age 31).

On 28 Mar 1869 Henry Symes Lehr was born.

On 28 Mar 1893 Maud Kathleen Cairnes Plantagenet Hastings was born to Warner Hastings 15th Earl Huntingdon (age 24) and Maud Margaret Wilson Countess Huntingdon (age 25).

On 28 Mar 1896 Nadejda Mikhailovna Torby Marchioness Milford Haven was born to Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia (age 34).

On 28 Mar 1898 Marie Eugénie Pauline Archer was born to Justice Charles Archer (age 29) at Montreal.

On 28 Mar 1910 Ingrid Bernadotte Queen Consort Denmark was born to Gustaf Adolph VI King Sweden (age 27) and Margaret "Daisy" Windsor (age 28). He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Marriages on the 28th March

Before 28 Mar 1287 John Montfort 1st Baron Montfort (age 23) and Alice Plaunche Baroness Montfort were married.

After 28 Mar 1461 Lancelot Threlkeld (age 26) and Margaret Bromflete Baroness Clifford (age 27) were married. She the daughter of Henry Bromflete 1st Baron Vesci (age 54) and Joan Holland Duchess York. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 28 Mar 1482 Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby (age 29) and Margaret Jenney Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 22) were married.

Before 28 Mar 1666 Henry Mildmay of Graces, Little Baddow, Essex (age 16) and Mary Mildmay (age 29) were married.

On 28 Mar 1672 James Wemyss 1st Lord Burntisland (age 15) and Margaret Wemyss Countess Cromartie 3rd Countess Wemyss (age 13) were married. She the daughter of David Wemyss 2nd Earl of Wemyss (age 61) and Margaret Leslie Countess Buccleuch and Wemyss (age 51). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 28 Mar 1740 Thomas Foley 1st Baron Foley (age 23) and Grace Granville Baroness Foley were married.

On 28 Mar 1769 Frederick Campbell (age 39) and Mary Meredith Countess Ferrers were married. He the son of John Campbell 4th Duke Argyll (age 76) and Mary Drummond Bellenden.

On 28 Mar 1772 Charles Edward "Bonnie Prince Charlie" Stewart (age 51) and Louise Stolberg Gedern (age 19) were married. The difference in their ages was 31 years. He a grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 28 Mar 1789 John Prinsep (age 42) and Sophie Elizabeth Auriol (age 29) were married.

On 28 Mar 1837 Edward Strutt 1st Baron Belper (age 35) and Amelia Harriet Otter Baroness Belper (age 20) were married. She the daughter of Bishop William Otter (age 68).

On 28 Mar 1903 Charles Grant (age 25) and Sybil Primrose (age 24) were married. She the daughter of Archibald Philip Primrose 5th Earl Rosebery 1st Earl Midlothian (age 55) and Hannah Rothschild Countess Camden.

On 28 Mar 1921 John James Kenward Shaw aka Best-Shaw 9th Baronet (age 25) and Elizabeth Mary Theodora Hughes Lady Shaw (age 24) were married.

Deaths on the 28th March

On 28 Mar 965 Arnulf "Great" I Count Flanders (age 75) died.

On 28 Mar 1072 Ordulf Duke of Saxony (age 50) died. His son Magnus Billung Duke Saxony (age 27) succeeded Duke Saxony.

On 28 Mar 1183 Elizabeth Capet (age 40) died at Arras.

On 28 Mar 1222 Maud Saye (age 67) died at Westoning Ampthill.

On 28 Mar 1241 King Valdemar II of Denmark (age 70) died.

On 28 Mar 1254 William Ferrers 5th Earl of Derby (age 61) died. He was buried at Merevale Abbey [Map]. His son Robert Ferrers 6th Earl of Derby (age 15) succeeded 6th Earl Derby. Mary or Marie Lusignan Countess Derby (age 12) by marriage Countess Derby.

On 28 Mar 1319 Mechthild Wittelsbach (age 44) died.

On 28 Mar 1421 Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys (age 70) died. He was buried at St George's Church Trotton. His grandson Hugh Camoys 2nd Baron Camoys (age 8) succeeded 2nd Baron Camoys.

On 28 Mar 1422 William Gascoigne (age 56) died at Gawthorpe Hall [Map].

After 28 Mar 1450 Catherine Sinclair Lady Seton died.

On 27 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 32) fought at Ferrybridge with John Radclyffe Baron Fitzwalter (age 35) capturing the bridge.

On 28 Mar 1461 a further skirmish occurred near Ferrybridge. Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 32) fought. John Radclyffe Baron Fitzwalter (age 35) was killed. For Lancaster John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford (age 25) and John Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby (age 51).

On 28 Mar 1461 John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford (age 25) was killed at Dintingdale during a skirmish. William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 56) fought for York. His son Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford (age 7) succeeded 10th Baron de Clifford, 10th Lord Skipton.

On 28 Mar 1477 Thomas Tyrrell (age 66) died at Heron Hall East Horndon.

On 28 Mar 1489 Bishop Thomas Kempe (age 99) died.

On 28 Mar 1501 Jean III Count Auvergne (age 34) died.

On 28 Mar 1531 Robert Brokesby (age 81) died at Saxelby, Leicestershire.

On 28 Mar 1532 Philippa Power died.

On 28 Mar 1540 Thomas Oxenbridge of Etchingham in Sussex (age 45) died.

On 28 Mar 1544 John Aske (age 58) died.

On 28 Mar 1571 John Hele (age 49) died.

On 28 Mar 1583 Magnus Oldenburg (age 42) died.

In Mar 1586 a virulent outbreak of gaol fever occurred during the Assizes in Exeter, Devon [Map]. The cause according to modern medical opinion was typhus transmitted by the human body-louse. Among the dead victims were eight judges, eleven of the twelve jurors, several constables, and the surrounding population which was ravaged by the disease for several months.

Edward Flowerdew died of gaol fever.

On 28 Mar 1586 Thomas Carew of Haccombe (age 70) died of gaol fever.

On 31 Mar 1586 John Chichester died of gaol fever.

On 01 Apr 1586 Robert Carey (age 71) died of gaol fever.

On 02 Apr 1586 Arthur Bassett (age 45) died of gaol fever.

On 10 Apr 1586 Bernard Drake (age 58) died of gaol fever.

On 28 Mar 1594 George Goring of Danny Park (age 54) died.

On 28 Mar 1605 Maurice Christian Palatinate Simmern (age 3) died.

On 28 Mar 1610 John Newdigate (age 40) died.

On 28 Mar 1624 Richard Sackville 3rd Earl Dorset (age 35) died at Dorset House. He was buried in the Sackville Chapel St Michael's Church Withyham East Sussex. His brother Edward Sackville 4th Earl Dorset (age 33) succeeded 4th Earl Dorset, 4th Baron Buckhurst. Mary Curzon Countess Dorset (age 34) by marriage Countess Dorset.

On 28 Mar 1638 Marie Touchet (age 89) died.

On 28 Mar 1655 Maria Eleonora Hohenzollern (age 55) died.

On 28 Mar 1664 Elizabeth Hastings died.

On 28 Mar 1664 Accepted Frewen Archbishop York (age 75) died.

On 28 Mar 1677 William Hay 4th Earl Kinnoull (age 55) died. His son George Hay 5th Earl Kinnoull succeeded 5th Earl Kinnoull.

On 28 Mar 1680 Dorothy Thanet died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 28 Mar 1687 Constantijn Huygens (age 90) died.

On 28 Mar 1691 Dean Thomas Pierce (age 69) died at North Tidworth, Wiltshire where he had an estate.

On 28 Mar 1704 Edward Ward 8th Baron Dudley 3rd Baron Ward (age 20) died of smallpox. His son  succeeded 4th Baron Ward of Birmingham, 9th Baron Sutton of Dudley posthumously.

On 28 Mar 1716 Archbishop John Vesey (age 78) died.

On 28 Mar 1740 John Ogle of Newcastle (age 90) died.

On 28 Mar 1740 Barbara Belasyse Lady Webb died.

On or before 28 Mar 1741 Henry Wilson of Didlington in Norfolk died. He was buried on 28 Mar 1741.

Before 28 Mar 1746 George Grey (age 32) died.

On 28 Mar 1759 Richard Fane died. He was buried at Lewknor, Oxfordshire.

On 28 Mar 1762 Elizabeth Tuchet died.

On 28 Mar 1762 Reverend James Tunstall (age 54) died.

On 28 Mar 1765 Johnathan Cope 1st Baronet (age 74) died at Orton Longueville predeceasing his father. His grandson Charles Cope 2nd Baronet (age 22) succeeded 2nd Baronet Cope of Bruern in Oxfordshire.

On 28 Mar 1766 Diana Beauclerk (age 20) died in childbirth. The child was stillborn.

On 28 Mar 1770 James Townsend (age 62) died.

On 28 Mar 1779 John Stewart 6th Earl Traquair (age 80) died. His son Charles Stewart 7th Earl Traquair (age 34) succeeded 7th Earl Traquair, 13th Lord Traquair.

On 28 Mar 1803 Peter Du Cane (age 89) died.

On 28 Mar 1831 Anne-Elizabeth Hodgson (age 28) died from childbirth eleven days after giving birth to a daughter.

On 28 Mar 1851 Reverend William Molesworth (age 58) died.

On 28 Mar 1852 John Shelley 6th Baronet (age 80) died. His son John Villiers Shelley 7th Baronet (age 44) succeeded 7th Baronet Shelley of Mitchelgrove in Sussex.

On 28 Mar 1856 Henry Watkin Williams-Wynn (age 73) died.

On 28 Mar 1864 Princess Charlotte of Denmark (age 74) died.

On 28 Mar 1868 James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan (age 70) died from a fall from a horse. Earl Cardigan extinct.

On 25 May 1915 Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan (age 90) died.

Both were buried in St Peter's Church, Deene [Map]; he on 09 Apr 1868. Monument to James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan 1797 1868 sculpted by Joseph Edgar Boehm (age 33). Recumbent effigies on Sarcophagus, bronze sea horses (Brudenell Crest) at the bottom corners.

On 28 Mar 1869 Caroline Mary Kerr died.

On 28 Mar 1875 Jesse Watts-Russell (age 88) died. He left Ilam Hall, Staffordshire, which he had had rebuilt 'in the Gothic style' in the 1820s, and which Dyott deemed 'most magnificent' and 'splendidly furnished', together with estates in Derbyshire and Northamptonshire, to his eldest son, Jesse David Watts-Russll (age 63).

On 28 Mar 1879 Captain Ronald George Elidor Campbell (age 30) was killed in action in the Zulu Wars at Zlobani Mountain. Monument in St Elidor's Church Stackpole [Map]. His two colleagues took the Zulu position and were both awarded VCs. Colonel Evelyn Wood stated that if he had survived Campbell would also have been recommended for the VC. He died “in the performance of a most gallant act. He was buried where he fell by his comrades under the fire of the enemy” according to the citation. His wife later visited his gravestone which is on the battlefield.

Captain Ronald George Elidor Campbell: In 1867 Ronald Campbell was commissioned in the Coldstream Guards in 1867, promoted Captain in 1871, becoming Adjutant 1st Battalion 1871-78. Before 28 Mar 1879 Captain Ronald George Elidor Campbell applied for special service in South Africa he served in the Anglo-Zulu Wars (1879-96) as Staff Officer to Col. Sir Evelyn Wood.

On 28 Mar 1884 Leopold Saxe Coburg Gotha 1st Duke Albany (age 30) died at Cannes.

On 28 Mar 1887 Charles Algernon Cromartie Greville (age 1) died.

On 28 Mar 1889 Ralph William Percy (age 12) died.

On 28 Mar 1898 George Byng 3rd Earl Strafford (age 68) died at St James' Square. His brother Henry Byng 4th Earl Strafford (age 66) succeeded 4th Earl Strafford, 4th Viscount Enfield of Enfield in Middlesex, 4th Baron Strafford of Harmondsworth in Middlesex. Henrietta Louisa Elizabeth Danneskiold Samsøe Countess Strafford by marriage Countess Strafford.

On 28 Mar 1898 Alice Beatrice Lister died.

On 28 Mar 1902 William Stephen Temple Gore-Langton 4th Earl Temple (age 54) died at Cairo, Egypt to where he had travelled with his wife Helen for his health. His son Algernon Temple-Gore-Langton 5th Earl Temple of Stowe (age 30) succeeded 5th Earl Temple of Stowe.

On 28 Mar 1905 Alice Louisa Cavendish (age 67) died.

On 28 Mar 1905 Charles Adderley 1st Baron Norton (age 90) died.

On 28 Mar 1910 Violet Neville Countess Cowley (age 43) died.

On 28 Mar 1915 Major-General Gustavus Hamilton Lockwood Milman died.

On 28 Mar 1916 Cecil Charles Foley Wellesley (age 74) died.

On 28 Mar 1917 William Hugh Spencer Wentworth-Fitzwilliam (age 57) died.

On 28 Mar 1918 Richard Gerard Wellesley Williams-Bulkeley (age 36) died from wounds received in action.

On 28 Mar 1918 Lieutenant-Colonel Oliver Cyril Spencer Watson (age 41) was killed in action.

On 28 Mar 1925 John Pleydell-Bouverie (age 78) died.

On 28 Mar 1928 Georgina Mary Heneage (age 90) died.

On 28 Mar 1929 Marie Constance Kerr (age 29) died.

On 28 Mar 1931 Edith Eden Baroness Auckland (age 71) died.

On 28 Mar 1937 Colonel Hercules Arthur Pakenham (age 74) died.

On 28 Mar 1942 Elizabeth Bulwer-Lytton Countess Balfour (age 74) died.

On 28 Mar 1965 Princess Mary Windsor Countess Harewood (age 67) died.

On 28 Mar 2009 Peter Nelson 9th Earl Nelson (age 67) died. His son Simon Nelson 10th Earl Nelson (age 37) succeeded 10th Earl Nelson of Trafalgar and Merson in Surrey.