On this Day in History ... 28 March

28 Mar is in March.

1193 Capture of Richard I

1306 Coronation of Robert the Bruce

1424 Release of James I of Scotland

1461 Battles of Ferrybridge

1586 Exeter Black Assizes

1727 Funeral of Isaac Newton

1868 Death of Lord Cardigan

On 28 Mar 965 Arnulf "Great" I Count Flanders (age 75) died.

On 28 Mar 1072 Ordulf Duke of Saxony (age 50) died. His son Magnus Billung Duke Saxony (age 27) succeeded Duke Saxony.

Capture of Richard I

On 28 Mar 1193 King Richard "Lionheart" I of England (age 35) was handed over to Henry Hohenstaufen VI Holy Roman Emperor (age 27) who imprisoned him in Trifels Castle.

On 28 Mar 1241 King Valdemar II of Denmark (age 70) died.

On 28 Mar 1254 William Ferrers 5th Earl of Derby (age 61) died. He was buried at Merevale Abbey [Map]. His son Robert Ferrers 6th Earl of Derby (age 15) succeeded 6th Earl Derby 1C 1138. Mary or Marie Lusignan Countess Derby (age 12) by marriage Countess Derby.

Before 28 Mar 1287 John Montfort 1st Baron Montfort (age 23) and Alice Plaunche Baroness Montfort were married.

Coronation of Robert the Bruce

On 27 Mar 1306, Palm Sunday, Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland (age 31) was crowned King Scotland at Scone Abbey [Map] by Bishop of St Andrews and Bishop Robert Wishart. Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland (age 22) was crowned Queen Consort Scotland. Christopher Seton (deceased) and Bishop David de Moravia were present. He was wearing royal robes and vestments previously hidden from the English by Bishop Robert Wishart.

The following day, 28 Mar 1306, Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland (age 31) was crowned by Isabella Countess Buchan whose family held the hereditary right to place the crown on the King's head; she had arrived too late for the coronation the day before. The right was held by her brother Duncan Fife 4th Earl Fife (age 18) who was under-age and held by the English so she assumed the right in his place.

On 28 Mar 1421 Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys (age 70) died. He was buried at St George's Church Trotton. His grandson Hugh Camoys 2nd Baron Camoys (age 8) succeeded 2nd Baron Camoys 2C 1383.

Release of James I of Scotland

On 28 Mar 1424 King James I of Scotland (age 29) signed his release agreement, in which he promised to pay a ransom of 60,000 marks, at Durham [Map]. He and his wife Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland (age 20), married for seven weeks, travelled to Melrose Abbey [Map] arriving on 05 Apr 1424

Battles of Ferrybridge

On 27 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 32) fought at Ferrybridge with John Radclyffe Baron Fitzwalter (age 35) capturing the bridge.

On 28 Mar 1461 a further skirmish occurred near Ferrybridge. Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 32) fought. John Radclyffe Baron Fitzwalter (age 35) was killed. For Lancaster John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford (age 25) and John Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby (age 51).

On 28 Mar 1461 John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford (age 25) was killed at Dintingdale during a skirmish. William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 56) fought for York. His son Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford (age 7) succeeded 10th Baron de Clifford 1C 1299, 10th Lord Skipton.

Chronicle of Gregory 1461. And the xxviij day of Marche, that was Palme Sunday evyn, the Lorde Fewater (age 35) was slayne at Ferybryge, and many with hym was slayne and drownyd. And the Erle of Warwycke (age 32) was hurte yn hys legge with an arowe at the same jornaye.

On 28 Mar 1489 Bishop Thomas Kempe (age 99) died.

On 28 Mar 1501 Jean III Count Auvergne (age 34) died.

1586 Exeter Black Assizes

In Mar 1586 a virulent outbreak of gaol fever occurred during the Assizes in Exeter, Devon [Map]. The cause according to modern medical opinion was typhus transmitted by the human body-louse. Among the dead victims were eight judges, eleven of the twelve jurors, several constables, and the surrounding population which was ravaged by the disease for several months.

Edward Flowerdew died of gaol fever.

On 28 Mar 1586 Thomas Carew of Haccombe (age 70) died of gaol fever.

On 31 Mar 1586 John Chichester died of gaol fever.

On 01 Apr 1586 Robert Carey (age 71) died of gaol fever.

On 02 Apr 1586 Arthur Bassett (age 45) died of gaol fever.

On 10 Apr 1586 Bernard Drake (age 58) died of gaol fever.

On 28 Mar 1591 William Cecil 2nd Earl Salisbury was born to Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury (age 27) and Elizabeth Brooke (age 28).

PAINTINGS/CRITZ/Robert_Cecil.jpg PAINTINGS/CRITZ/Somerset_House_Conference.jpg

On 28 Mar 1624 Richard Sackville 3rd Earl Dorset (age 35) died at Dorset House. He was buried in the Sackville Chapel St Michael's Church Withyham East Sussex. His brother Edward Sackville 4th Earl Dorset (age 33) succeeded 4th Earl Dorset 4C 1604, 4th Baron Buckhurst 1C 1567. Mary Curzon Countess Dorset (age 34) by marriage Countess Dorset.

PAINTINGS/LARKIN/Richard_Sackville.jpg PAINTINGS/LARKIN/Edward_Sackville_4th_Earl_Dorset.png PAINTINGS/LARKIN/Mary_Curzon.png
PAINTINGS/RILEY/James_Scott.jpg PAINTINGS/DOBSON/Charles_II.jpg PAINTINGS/WRIGHT/Charles_II_of_England_in_Coronation_robes.jpg PAINTINGS/GREENHILL/Charles_II.jpg PAINTINGS/HANNEMAN/Charles_II.jpg PAINTINGS/DANCKERTS/Pineapple_Charles_II.jpg PAINTINGS/RILEY/Charles_II.jpg

On 28 Mar 1664 Accepted Frewen Archbishop York (age 75) died.

Pepy's Diary. 28 Mar 1666. Thence set them down at Pierces, and we home, where busy and at my chamber till 12 at night, and so to bed. This night, I am told, the Queene of Portugall (deceased), the mother to our Queene (age 27), is lately dead, and newes brought of it hither this day1. 29th. All the morning hard at the office.

Note 1. Donna Luiza (deceased), the Queen Regent of Portugal. She was daughter of the Duke de Medina Sidonia and widow of Juan IV. The Court wore the deepest mourning on this occasion. The ladies were directed to wear their hair plain, and to appear without spots on their faces, the disfiguring fashion of patching having just been introduced.- Strickland's Queens of England, vol. viii., p. 362.

On 28 Mar 1672 James Wemyss 1st Lord Burntisland (age 15) and Margaret Wemyss Countess Cromartie 3rd Countess Wemyss (age 13) were married. She the daughter of David Wemyss 2nd Earl Wemyss (age 61) and Margaret Leslie Countess Buccleuch and Wemyss (age 51). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 28 Mar 1677 William Hay 4th Earl Kinnoull (age 55) died. His son George Hay 5th Earl Kinnoull succeeded 5th Earl Kinnoull.

On 28 Mar 1691 Thomas Pierce Dean (age 69) died at North Tidworth, Wiltshire where he had an estate.

Funeral of Isaac Newton

On 28 Mar 1727 Isaac Newton Scientist (deceased) was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map]. The service was performed by the Bishop of Rochester (age 74).

Before the funeral his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber, Cheyneygates, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His coffin was followed by most of the Fellows of the Royal Society.

The Pall Bearers were the Lord Chancellor Peter King 1st Baron King (age 58), James Graham 1st Duke Montrose (age 44), Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe (age 18), Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery (age 71), Talbot Yelverton 1st Earl of Sussex (age 36) and Thomas Parker 1st Earl Macclesfield (age 60).

The Chief Mourner was Michael Newton 4th Baronet (age 32); his third cousin.

Voltaire observed, "He was buried like a king who had done well by his subjects.".

On 28 Mar 1739 Francis Reynolds-Moreton 3rd Baron Ducie was born to Francis Reynolds and Elizabeth Moreton.

On 28 Mar 1740 Thomas Foley 1st Baron Foley (age 23) and Grace Granville Baroness Foley were married.

On 28 Mar 1779 John Stewart 6th Earl Traquair (age 80) died. His son Charles Stewart 7th Earl Traquair (age 34) succeeded 7th Earl Traquair, 13th Lord Traquair.

Archaeologia Volume 22 Appendix. March 28, 1822. James Logan, Esq. communicated to the Society two Drawings of Druidical Circles in Aberdeenshire, accompanied by some Remarks.

On 28 Mar 1837 Edward Strutt 1st Baron Belper (age 35) and Amelia Harriet Otter Baroness Belper (age 20) were married. She the daughter of Bishop William Otter (age 68).

On 28 Mar 1851 Murray Finch-Hatton 7th Earl Nottingham 12th Earl Winchilsea was born to George Finch-Hatton 5th Earl Nottingham 10th Earl Winchilsea (age 59) and Fanny Margaretta Rice Countess Nottingham Winchilsea.

After 28 Mar 1856. Memorial to Henry Watkin Williams-Wynn (deceased) and Hester Frances Smith. Sculpted by Beford of Oxford Street.

Henry Watkin Williams-Wynn: On 16 Mar 1783 he was born to Watkin Williams-Wynn 4th Baronet (age 33) and Charlotte Granville Lady Williams-Wynn (age 29). On 30 Sep 1813 Henry Watkin Williams-Wynn (age 30) and Hester Frances Smith (age 23) were married. On 01 Mar 1851 Henry Watkin Williams-Wynn (age 67) was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Memorials of Charlotte Williams-Wynn: To Baron von Ense. 01 Nov 1854. London, November 1, 1854. We landed at Dover on the 13th, and since then have had so much business and anxiety that I have really lived only upon the newspapers. On our arrival we were met by the news of the death of my cousin, Arthur Williams-Wynn, in that fearful battle. For two others we are also in mourning, though they were not such near relations. My poor Uncle, Sir Henry (age 71), has been quite overwhelmed by his loss - his favourite son, and the one whom he trusted was coming home to many and live with him! Every alleviation that the case admitted of they have. The poor (?) boy had a presentiment he should fall, and wrote the day before to take leave of his father and sister, expressing his last wishes. The next evening he was found surrounded by his brother-officers close to the Russian gun, lying sword in hand, the ball having passed through his forehead. He evidently had died instantaneously, and for this exemption from suffering we are most thankful, for the thought of the long agony that the wounded went through is a horrible one. In truth, one never realised before what war is; you all know it well, and our fathers knew it! I do not think, if I had a dozen brothers there, that I could feel more anxiety. The mourning is sadly general, hardly a family that has not suffered remotely, and London looks very melancholy from the quantity of black worn in the streets, although this proceeds from the ravages which the cholera made rather than from those of the war. We are all busy sending out chaplains and nurses, and surgeons and comforts, to the sick and wounded - but to me it is just as bad to read, as I did to-day in the Times, that the air is tainted with the number of Russians who have fallen, as if they were our soldiers. It is the fact that such scenes are going on that burdens one's spirit! On 28 Mar 1856 Henry Watkin Williams-Wynn (age 73) died.

Hester Frances Smith: Around 1790 she was born to Robert Smith 1st Baron Carrington (age 37). On 05 Mar 1854 Hester Frances Smith (age 64) died.

Death of Lord Cardigan

Adeline Horsey Recollections. One fine March morning he told me that he was going to ride and see a gamekeeper who had accidentally shot himself.

He asked me and Sir Henry Edwards (age 55) to accompany him, but when we reached the keeper's cottage he told us to return to Deene [Map], saying that as he intended to sit an hour with the man he would come on later. We declared our willingness to wait, but Cardigan would not hear of it, and so we somewhat reluctantly rode home without him.

The luncheon hour arrived, but Lord Cardigan did not come; the afternoon dragged on, and still there were no signs of him. I had a horrible presentment that something must have happened, and at once ordered some of the servants to go in search of his Lordship.

My fears were only too well grounded; my husband was found lying insensible on the roadside, nearly lifeless. A roadmender told us afterwards that Lord Cardigan had passed him and spoken a few words and seemed apparently quite well; the horse he was riding shied at a heap of stones and commenced to rear and plunge rather wildly, but my husband kept the animal well under control, for the roadmender saw him ride quietly away. The effort must, however, have afterwards brought on a seizure, for Cardigan fell from his horse, and lay helpless until he was found and brought back to Deene [Map].

For three dreadful days and nights he lay quite unconscious, gasping for breath, and the knowledge that he could not speak to me and did not recognise me intensified my grief a thousandfold. But mercifully his suffering was not prolonged, and on March 28, 1868, my beloved husband passed away.

There are some griefs that are too deep to speak of, even after Time's soothing touch has taken away the first deadly pain of a great sorrow. When I look back and remember the kindness and love which my husband lavished on me, I feel proud to think he often said that the happiest period of his life was after he married me, and that his great possessions and military fame were as nothing compared to the wife he adored.

Lord Cardigan's body lay in state in the ballroom at Deene [Map] for twelve days, during which time six thousand people came to look their last at the remains of the leader of the Charge of the Light Brigade. On April 9 he was buried in Deene Church [Map]; the whole regiment of the 11th Hussars attended the funeral, and he was carried to his last resting-place by eight of his old officers.

When the will was read, it was found that he had left everything to me.

On 28 Mar 1868 James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan (age 70) died from a fall from his horse. Earl Cardigan extinct.

On 25 May 1915 Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan (age 90) died.

Both were buried in St Peter's Church, Deene [Map]; he on 09 Apr 1868. Monument to James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan 1797 1868 sculpted by Joseph Edgar Boehm (age 33). Recumbent effigies on Sarcophagus, bronze sea horses (Brudenell Crest) at the bottom corners.

Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan: On 24 Dec 1824 she was born to Spencer de Horsey (age 34) and Louisa Rous at 6 Charles Street, Berkeley Square. In 1849 Carlos Luis de Borbón Count Montemolín (age 30) and Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan (age 24) were betrothed. On 20 Sep 1858 James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan (age 60) and Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan (age 33) were married after having been his mistress. She by marriage Countess Cardigan. The marriages something of a scandal since James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan (age 60) had left his first wife; Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 39) refused to have her at court. The difference in their ages was 27 years. He the son of Robert Brudenell 6th Earl Cardigan and Penelope Cooke Countess Cardigan.


On 28 Mar 1879 Captain Ronald George Elidor Campbell (age 30) was killed in action in the Zulu Wars at Zlobani Mountain. Monument in St Elidor's Church Stackpole [Map].

Captain Ronald George Elidor Campbell: On 30 Dec 1848 he was born to John Frederick Vaughan Campbell 2nd Earl Cawdor (age 31) and Sarah Mary Compton Cavendish Countess Cawdor (age 35).

On 28 Mar 1884 Leopold Saxe Coburg Gotha 1st Duke Albany (age 30) died at Cannes.


On 28 Mar 1898 George Byng 3rd Earl Strafford (age 68) died at St James' Square. His brother Henry Byng 4th Earl Strafford (age 66) succeeded 4th Earl Strafford 3C 1847, 4th Viscount Enfield of Enfield in Middlesex, 4th Baron Strafford of Harmondsworth in Middlesex. Henrietta Louisa Elizabeth Danneskiold Samsøe Countess Strafford by marriage Countess Strafford.

On 28 Mar 1902 William Stephen Temple Gore-Langton 4th Earl Temple (age 54) died at Cairo to where he had travelled with his wife Helen for his health. His son Algernon Temple-Gore-Langton 5th Earl Temple of Stowe (age 30) succeeded 5th Earl Temple of Stowe.


After 28 Mar 1908. St Peter's Church, Edensor [Map]. Reredos in memory of Spencer Cavendish 8th Duke Devonshire (deceased).

On 28 Mar 1910 Ingrid Bernadotte Queen Consort Denmark was born to Gustaf Adolph VI King Sweden (age 27) and Margaret "Daisy" Windsor (age 28). He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 28 Mar 1996 Mary Patricia Beatrice Rose Paget (age 78) died. She was buried at St Edwen's Church, Llanedwen [Map].

Mary Patricia Beatrice Rose Paget: On 19 Jan 1918 she was born to Charles Henry Alexander Paget 6th Marquess Anglesey (age 32) and Victoria Marjorie Harriet Manners Marchioness Anglesey (age 34).

On 28 Mar 2009 Peter Nelson 9th Earl Nelson (age 67) died. His son Simon Nelson 10th Earl Nelson (age 37) succeeded 10th Earl Nelson of Trafalgar and Merson in Surrey.