On this Day in History ... 29 April

29 Apr is in April.

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

1587 Singeing the King of Spain's Beard

1661 Coronation of Charles II

1667 Poll Bill

On 29 Apr 1310 Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth (age 70) died at Clavering.

Archaeologia Volume 35 1853 XXXIII. On the 29th, being still at Shene, Isabella [Map] is visited by Edward III (age 45)., the Lady Isabella (age 25) ( the King's eldest daughter ), and the Earl of March (age 29), who sup with her.

On 29 Apr 1417 King Louis of Naples (age 39) died. His son Louis Valois Anjou III Duke Anjou (age 13) succeeded Louis III Duke Anjou.

On 29 Apr 1424 Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine (age 52) was created 1st Duke Touraine by Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 21); he was the first non-Frenchman to be appiinted Duke in France. Charles had also appointed him Lieutenant General in the waging of war in the Kingdom of France. Margaret Stewart Duchess Touraine by marriage Duchess Touraine.

On 29 Apr 1469 William II Landgrave of Hesse was born to Louis II Landgrave of Hesse (age 30).

On 29 Apr 1548 Francis II Duke Guise (age 29) and Anna d'Este (age 16) were married in Saint-Germain-en-Laye. They had seven children. He the son of Claude Lorraine 1st Duke Guise (age 51) and Antoinette Bourbon Duchess of Guise (age 55). They were third cousin once removed.

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Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

Wriothesley's Chronicle. 29 Apr 1554. The 29 of Aprill Sir James Croft (age 36), knight, was arrayned in the Guildhall [Map] of treason, and there by a jurie of the citizens of London condemned and had judgment of death.

Singeing the King of Spain's Beard

On 29 Apr 1587 the English fleet commanded by Francis Drake (age 47) entered the Bay of Cádiz Spain in the evening to discover sixty Spanish and twenty French ships. The Spanish ships, under the command of Pedro de Acuña, sailed out to meet the English fleet but were forced to retire back to Cadiz before the superiority of the English. Gun positions on the shore opened fire, shelling the English fleet from the coast with little effect. During the night of the 29th and all the following day and night the battle raged in the bay. At dawn on 1 May, the English withdrew having destroyed around thirty-two Spanish ships, with a combined capacity of 10,000 tons, and captured four other ships, laden with provisions.


Before 29 Apr 1593 Anthony Grey 1453- 1490-9th Earl Kent (age 36) and Magdelane Purefoy Countess Kent (age 21) were married. She by marriage Countess Kent.

On 24 Jan 1630 Henry Yelverton (age 63) died. He was buried at the Church of St Peter and St Paul, Easton Maudit [Map].

On 29 Apr 1625 Mary Beale (age 43) died. She was buried at the Church of St Peter and St Paul, Easton Maudit [Map].

Elaborate canopied Jacobean Hooded Monument of alabaster, the effigies one above the other, with the figures of four sons and five daughters below. The canopy is supported by bedesmen in black gowns, and is surmounted by figures of Faith, Hope, and Charity. Above is an inscribed panel surrounded by books on end and various linked symbols with winged cherubs above. Large caryatids representing hooded bedesmen to left and right. Arch above with 3 standing figures and 2 hour-glasses on sculls.

Henry Yelverton: On 29 Jun 1566 he was born to Christopher Yelverton (age 30) and Margaret Catesby (age 23). Before 27 Mar 1602 Henry Yelverton (age 35) and Mary Beale (age 20) were married.

Mary Beale: Around 1582 she was born to Robert Beale (age 41).

On 29 Apr 1656 William Hamilton Duke Hamilton (age 21) and Anne Hamilton 3rd Duchess Hamilton (age 24) were married. She by marriage Countess Selkirk. He by marriage Duke Hamilton. She the daughter of James Hamilton 1st Duke Hamilton and Mary Feilding Duchess Hamilton. He the son of William Douglas 1st Marquess Douglas (age 67) and Mary Gordon Marchioness Douglas (age 56). They were third cousins.

Coronation of Charles II

On 29 Apr 1661 William Godolphin 1st Baronet (age 21) was created 1st Baronet Godolphin.


On 29 Apr 1665 John Savage 5th Earl Rivers was born to Richard Savage.

Poll Bill

Pepy's Diary. 29 Apr 1667. Up, being visited very early by Creed newly come from Hinchingbrooke, who went thither without my knowledge, and I believe only to save his being taxed by the Poll Bill. I did give him no very good countenance nor welcome, but took occasion to go forth and walked (he with me) to St. Dunstan's, and thence I to Sir W. Coventry's (age 39), where a good while with him, and I think he pretty kind, but that the nature of our present condition affords not matter for either of us to be pleased with any thing. We discoursed of Carcasse, whose Lord, he tells me, do make complaints that his clerk should be singled out, and my Lord Berkeley (age 65) do take his part. So he advises we would sum up all we have against him and lay it before the Duke of York (age 33); he condemned my Lord Bruncker (age 47).


On 29 Apr 1698 Charles Cornwallis 3rd Baron Cornwallis (age 42) died. His son Charles Cornwallis 4th Baron Cornwallis (age 23) succeeded 4th Baron Cornwallis.

Evelyn's Diary. 29 Apr 1699. I dined with the Archbishop (age 62); but my business was to get him to persuade the King (age 48) to purchase the late Bishop of Worcester's (deceased) library, and build a place for his own library at St. James's, in the Park, the present one being too small.

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After 29 Apr 1714. St Michael's Church, Stowe Nine Churches [Map]. Monument to Thomas Turner (deceased). Sculpted by Thomas Stayner (age 49). Baldachin. Drapery. Baroque. The figure on the left is Faith who holds a model of a circular church. The figure on the right is Thomas Turner (deceased). Segmental Pediment. Moulded Cornice.

Thomas Turner: In 1645 he was born to Thomas Turner Dean of Canterbury (age 54) and Margaret Windebank. On 29 Apr 1714 Thomas Turner (age 69) died.


On 29 Apr 1746 William Flower 1st Baron Castle Durrow (age 61) died. He was buried at Finglas, County Dublin.

On 29 Apr 1766 Nicholas Vansittart 1st Baron Bexley was born to Henry Vansittart Governor of Bengal (age 33).


After 29 Apr 1767. Monument at St James' Church, Kinnersley [Map] to John Morgan 4th Baronet (deceased).

On 29 Apr 1816 Charles Philip Stourton 17th Baron Stourton (age 63) died. His son William Joseph Stourton 18th Baron Stourton (age 39) succeeded 18th Baron Stourton.

On 29 Apr 1817 Hugh Percy 3rd Duke Northumberland (age 32) and Charlotte Herbert Duchess Northumberland (age 29) were married at Northumberland aka Suffolk House Strand. She the daughter of Edward Clive 1st Earl Powis (age 63) and Henrietta Antonia Herbert 3rd Countess Powis (age 58). He the son of Hugh Percy 2nd Duke Northumberland (age 74) and Frances Julia Burrell Duchess Northumberland (age 64). She a great x 4 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.


On 29 Apr 1829 Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen 1st Baron Brabourne was born to Edward Knatchbull 9th Baronet (age 47) and Fanny Catherine Knight Lady Knatchbull (age 36).

On 29 Apr 1841 Francis Grenfell 1st Baron Grenfell was born to Pascoe St Leger Grenfell (age 43).

On 29 Apr 1846 George Egerton 2nd Earl Ellesmere (age 22) and Mary Louisa Campbell Countess Ellesmere (age 21) were married. She the daughter of John Campbell 1st Earl Cawdor (age 55) and Elizabeth Thynne Countess Cawdor (age 51). He the son of Francis Egerton 1st Earl Ellesmere (age 46) and Harriet Greville Countess Ellesmere (age 43). They were second cousin once removed.

On 29 Apr 1846 Ponsonby William Moore 9th Earl of Drogheda was born to Ponsonby Arthur Moore (age 29) and Augusta Sophia Moore (age 22).

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On 29 Apr 1890 Hermit (age 26) died at Blankney Hall. His skeleton was given to the Royal College of Vetinary Surgeons. A hoof was presented to the Prince of Wales who had it fashioned into an ink-stand, writing:

Marlborough House,

July 27/90.

My Dear Harry (age 49) — How kind of you to have sent me the hoof of dear old ! so prettily mounted, which I shall always greatly value and constantly use as an inkstand.

I am also very much touched by the kind expressions in your letter wishing me good luck with my racehorses. Though I can never expect to have the good fortune which attended the Dukes of Portland and Westminster, still I hope with patience to win one or more of the classic races with a horse bred by myself. I sincerely hope you may yet be able to come to Goodwood for a part of the time, at any rate.

Thanking you again for your kind remembrance of me and giving me so interesting a souvenir of your "best friend"

From yours very sincerely,

Albert Edward (age 48).

P.S.—I shall always take the shoe about with me.

On 29 Apr 1892 Alexander Hood 3rd Baronet (age 73) died at his home St Audries House, West Quantoxhead. His son Alexander Fuller-Acland-Hood 1st Baron St Audries (age 38) succeeded 4th Baronet Hood of Tidlake in Surrey. Mildred Rose Evelyn Eveleigh-de-Moleyns Baroness St Audries by marriage Lady Hood of Tidlake in Surrey.

On 29 Apr 1899 Thomas Brand 3rd Viscount Hampden (age 30) and Katharine Mary Montagu-Douglas-Scott (age 24) were married. She the daughter of William Scott 6th Duke Buccleuch 8th Duke Queensberry (age 67) and Louisa Jane Hamilton Duchess Buccleuch and Queensbury (age 62). They were third cousin once removed. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 29 Apr 1905 Edmund Beckett 1st Baron Grimthorpe (age 88) died after a fall. He was buried at St Alban's Cathedral [Map]. His nephew Ernest William Becket 2nd Baron Grimthorpe (age 48) succeeded 2nd Baron Grimthorpe, 6th Baronet Beckett of Leeds.

On 29 Apr 1907 Dudley Fitzgerald De Ros 23rd Baron Ros Helmsley (age 80) died at Old Court, County Down. His daughter Mary Fitzgerald De Ros 24th Baroness Ros Helmsley (age 52) succeeded 24th Baroness Ros Helmsley.

On 29 Apr 1908 Thomas Graham Smith died of his burn injuries when he fell while carrying a lighted candle and set his clothes on fire. Asquith (age 55) attended the inquest at Easton Grey.


Memorials to the Mack family at St Margaret's Church Paston [Map].

On 18 May 1933 Hugh Paston Mack died.

On 23 Dec 1917 Lieutenant Commander Ralph Michael Mack (age 34) was killed in action when his destoyer Tornado was mined.

On 29 Apr 1943 Rear-Admiral Philip John Mack (age 50) died in a plane crash.

Hugh Paston Mack: On 22 Mar 1828 he was born to John Mack of Paston Hall (age 30).

Lieutenant Commander Ralph Michael Mack: On 11 Oct 1883 he was born to Hugh Paston Mack (age 55).

Rear-Admiral Philip John Mack: On 06 Oct 1892 he was born to Major Philip Paston Mack (age 38). On 15 Sep 1905 Rear-Admiral Philip John Mack (age 12) joined the Royal Navy as a naval cadet at the Osborne and Britannia Royal Naval Colleges. On 09 Aug 1910 Rear-Admiral Philip John Mack (age 17) was posted to the battlecruiser Indomitable as a midshipman, transferring to the cruiser Amethyst on 15 Jul 1913 having been promoted to sub-lieutenant on 15 Jun 1913.

On 29 Apr 1974 Brian Robertson 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge (age 77) died.

On 29 Apr 2011 William Windsor Prince of Wales (age 28) and Catherine Middleton Princess of Wales (age 29) were married. She by marriage Duchess Cambridge. He the son of King Charles III (age 62) and Diana Spencer Princess Wales. He a grandson of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

Ralph Percy 12th Duke of Northumberland (age 54) and Isobel Jane Richard Duchess of Northumberland (age 52) attended.