1838-1859 Victoria

1838-1859 Victoria is in 19th Century Events.

2nd Millennium, 19th Century Events, 1838-1859 Victoria, Coronation of Queen Victoria

Around 28 Jun 1838. George Hayter (age 45). Coronation Portrait of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 19).

2nd Millennium, 19th Century Events, 1838-1859 Victoria, Night of the Big Wind

On 06 Jan 1839 an enormous storm, known in Ireland as "Night of the Big Wind", the largest in three-hundred years, caused significant loss of life and damage in Ireland, particularly Dublin [Map] where one fifth of property was destroyed, and western Britain, partiularly Liverpool [Map]. The next day a number of passenger ships were lost.

2nd Millennium, 19th Century Events, 1838-1859 Victoria, Death of Flora Hastings

On 05 Jul 1839 Flora Elizabeth Rawdon-Hastings (age 33) died. She had suffered a swelling in her abdomen. She refused an examination. Rumours were spread, by among others the future Queen Victoria (age 20), that she was pregnant. When Lady Flora (age 33) did finally consent to an examination she was found to an advanced cancerous liver tumour, and had only months left to live. The future Queen Victoria (age 20) visited Lady Flora on 27 Jun 1839 eight days before her death.

Adeline Horsey Recollections. As I have previously stated, I used to see a great deal of Lord Cardigan (age 50) at my father's house, but he treated me quite like a jeune fille, although I was always asked to the great parties he gave during the Season. In January 1857 I went with my father to Deene, and this visit was destined to change the whole of my life.

We arrived late in the afternoon to find ourselves the additions of a great house-party, and I can picture Lord Cardigan as I saw him then, surrounded by the Duchess of Montrose (age 30), Baroness Ufford and Mrs. Dudley Ward, who all regarded me with none too friendly eyes. Cardigan (age 50) told me afterwards that, when I entered the room, he realised at once I was the one woman in the world for him. He was an impulsive character, and he lost no time in letting me see the impression I had made, and I was flattered and delighted to feel that I was loved by him.

After we left Deene, Lord Cardigan followed us to London, and needless to say his marked attentions to me soon became the topic of much spiteful and jealous gossip. Those Early Victorian days were exceptionally conventional, and the Court was still as narrow-minded as when poor Lady Flora Hastings [See Death of Flora Hastings] had been the victim of its lying slander.

2nd Millennium, 19th Century Events, 1838-1859 Victoria, Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

10 Feb 1840. George Hayter (age 47). Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Hayter included portraits of fifty-six of those present at the occasion and sittings took place over the next year. The Queen (age 20) sat for him in March in her 'Bridal dress, veil, wreath & all', and Prince Albert (age 20) also posed for his portrait several times during the following months. Hayter's family too helped out with his son, Henry, modelling the Prince's costume, while his daughter Mary posed for the Queen's arm and wearing the veil. Victoria's aunt Queen Adelaide (age 47), however, was unwilling to co-operate and the artist had to refer to a miniature for her likeness. Hayter included himself in the painting, on the lower right, with his sketchbook and pencil.

11 Feb 1840. Tuesday. Supplement to the London Gazette.

St James's Palace [Map]. February 10, 1840.

THIS day the Marriage of the QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY (age 20) with Field Marshal His ROYAL HIGHNESS FRANCIS ALBERT AUGUSTUS CHARLES EMANUEL, DUKE OF SAXE, PRINCE OF SAXE COBOURG AND GOTHA, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (age 20), was solemnized at the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.

Field Marshal His Royal Highness the Prince Albert (age 20), attended by his Suite, proceeded from Buckingham-Palace [Map] this day, about half past eleven o'clock, to St. James's-Palace [Map], in the following order:

The first Carriage,.

Conveying General Sir George Anson, G.C.B. (age 43); George Edward Anson, Esq (age 28); and Francis Seymour, Esq (age 26); the Bridegroom's Gentlemen of Honour.

The second Carriage,.

Conveying the Lord Chamberlain of the Household, the Earl of Uxbridge (age 42) (who afterwards returned to Buckingham-Palace [Map], to attend in Her Majesty's Procession), and the Officers of the Suite of His Serene Highness the Reigning Duke of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha, and the Hereditary Prince of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha, viz. Count Kolowrath (age 62), Baron Alvensleben, and Baron De Lowenfels.

The third Carriage,.

Conveying His Royal Highness the Prince Albert (age 20), His Serene Highness the Reigning Duke of Saxe Colourg and Gotha (age 56) (father), and the Hereditary Prince of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha (age 21) (elder brother).

Her Majesty (age 20), attended by Her Royal Household, accompanied by Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent (age 53), proceeded, at twelve o'clock, from Buckingham-Palace [Map] to St James's Palace [Map], in the following order:

The first Carriage,

Conveying two Gentlemen Ushers, Charles Heneage, Esq (age 33) and the Honourable Heneage Legge (age 51); Yeoman of the Yeomen of the Guard, Charles Hancock, Esq,; and the Groom of the Robes, Captain Francis Seymour (age 51).

The second Carriage,.

Conveying the Equerry in Waiting, Lord Alfred Paget (age 23); two Pages of Honour, Charles T. Wemyss, Esq and Henry William John Byng (age 8), Esq j and the Groom in Waiting, the Honourable George Keppel.

The third Carriage,.

Conveying the Clerk Marshal, Colonel the Honourable H. E. G. Cavendish (age 50); the Vice-Chamberlain, the Earl of Belfast, G. C. H. (age 43); and the Comptroller of the Household, the Right Honourable George Stevens Byng (age 33).

The fourth Carriage,.

Conveying the Woman of the Bedchamber in Waiting, Mrs. Brand (age 60); the Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, the Earl of Ilchester (age 52); the Master of the Buck Hounds, Lord Kinaird; and the Treasurer of the Household, the Earl of Surrey (age 48).

The fifth Carriage,.

Conyeying the Maid of Honour in Waiting, the Honourable Caroline Cocks (age 45); the Duchess of Kent's Lady in Waiting, Lady K Howard; the Gold Stick, General Lord Hill, G. C.B., G. C. H.; and the Lord in Waiting, Viscount Torrington (age 27).

The sixth Carriage,.

Conveying the Lady of the Bedchamber in Waiting, the Countess of Sandwich (age 27); the Master of the Horse, the Earl of Albemarle, G. C.H. (age 67); the Lord Steward, the Earl of Erroll, K.T. G.C.H. (age 38); and the Lord Chamberlain, the Earl of Uxbridge (age 42).

The seventh Carriage,.

Conveying Her Most Excellent Majesty the QUEEN (age 20); Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent (age 53); and the Duchess of Sutherland, the Mistress of the Robes to Her Majesty (age 33).

The illustrious Personages, and others composing the Procession, then assembled in the Throneroom, and, having been called over by Garter Principal King of Arms, the Processions, moyed in the following order, to the Chapel Royal:


Drums and Trumpets.

Serjeant Trumpeter.

Master of the Ceremonies, Sir Robert Chester, Knt.

Lancaster Herald, George Frederick Beltz, Esq K.H (age 65), York Herald, Charles George Young, Esq (age 44).

The Bridegroom's Gentlemen of Honour, viz. Francis Seymour, Esq (age 26) Gen. Sir George Anson, G.C B. (age 43) George Edward Anson, Esq (age 28).

Vice-Chamberlain of Her Majesty's Household, The Earl of Belfast, G.C.H. (age 43), Lord Chamberlain of Her Majesty's Household, The Earl of Uxbridge.

Continues ...

THE QUEEN. Wearing the Collar of the Order of the Garter.

Her Majesty's Train borne by the following twelve unmarried Ladies, viz.

Lady Adelaide Paget (age 20), Lady Caroline Amelia Gordon-Lennox (age 20), Lady Sarah Frederica Caroline Villiers (age 18), Lady Elizabeth Anne Georgiana Dorothea Howard (age 23), Lady Frances Elizabeth Cowper (age 20), Lady Ida Harriet Augusta Hay (age 18), Lady Elizabeth West (age 21), Lady Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Stanhope, Lady Mary Augusta Frederica Grimston (age 20), Lady Jane Harriet Bouverie (age 20), Lady Eleanora Caroline Paget (age 12), Lady Mary Charlotte Howard (age 18).

Assisted by the Groom of the Robes, Captain Francis Seymour (age 51).

Master of the Horse, The Earl of Albemarle, G.C.H. (age 67), Mistress of the Robes, The Duchess of Sutherland (age 33).

Ladies of the Bedchamber, The Marchioness of Normanby (age 41), The Duchess of Bedford (age 56), The Countess of Burlington (age 28), The Countess of Sandwich (age 27), The Baroness Portman (age 30), The Dowager Lady Lyttleton (age 52), The Lady Barham (age 25).

Maids of Honour, The Hon. Amelia Murray, The Hon. Harriet Pitt, The Hon. Caroline Cocks, The Hon. Henrietta Anson, The Hon. Matilda Paget, The Hon. Harriet Lister, The Hon. Sarah Mary Cavendish.

2nd Millennium, 19th Century Events, 1838-1859 Victoria, 1842 Appointment of Garter Knights

2nd Millennium, 19th Century Events, 1838-1859 Victoria, First Opium War

Treaty of Nanking

Around 1842. Captain John Platt (age 40). The Signing of the Treaty of Nanking. Admiral William Parker 1st Baronet (age 60) fifth from right.

On 29 Aug 1842 The Treaty of Nanking signed aboard Cornwallis. The peace treaty that concluded the First Opium War. The Chinese regarded it as an 'Unequal Treaty'; the British fleet were anchored in Nanking poised to attack. The treaty required the Chinese to pay the British six million silver dollars for the opium that had been confiscated by Lin Zexu in 1839 (Article IV), 3 million dollars in compensation for debts that the Hong merchants in Canton owed British merchants (Article V), and a further 12 million dollars in war reparations for the cost of the war (Article VI). The total sum of 21 million dollars was to be paid in instalments over three years and the Qing government would be charged an annual interest rate of 5 percent for the money that was not paid in a timely manner (Article VII) (See Wikipedia).

2nd Millennium, 19th Century Events, 1838-1859 Victoria, 1844 Appointment of Garter Knights

2nd Millennium, 19th Century Events, 1838-1859 Victoria, Battle of Ferozeshah

After 1845. Durham Cathedral [Map]. Memorial to Robert Mackellar Hunter killed at the Battle of Ferozeshah.

On 21 and 22 Dec 1845 the Battle of Ferozeshah was a victory by the British East India Company over the Sikh Empire.

2nd Millennium, 19th Century Events, 1838-1859 Victoria, Battle of Sabraon

On 10 Feb 1846 the Battle of Sabraon was a decisive victory by the forces of the East India Company and over the army of the Sikh Empire of the Punjab.

On 04 Mar 1846 Lieutenant John Lambert (age 24) died from wounds received at the Battle of Sabraon.

2nd Millennium, 19th Century Events, 1838-1859 Victoria, 1846 Appointment of Garter Knights

2nd Millennium, 19th Century Events, 1838-1859 Victoria, 1846 Spanish Double Royal Wedding

On 10 Oct 1846 two Spanish Princesses were married ...

Francisco de Asís King Consort Spain (age 24) and Isabella II Queen Spain (age 16) were married. They were double first cousins. She was forced to marry by the Moderare Party. She, apparently commented, "what shall I tell you about a man whom I saw wearing more lace than I was wearing on our wedding night?". She the daughter of Ferdinand VII King Spain and Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies Queen Consort Spain (age 40). They were first cousins.

Antoine Orléans Duke Montpensier (age 22) and Infanta Luisa Fernanda Duchess of Montpensier (age 14) were married. She the daughter of Ferdinand VII King Spain. He the son of King Louis Philippe I of France (age 73).

2nd Millennium, 19th Century Events, 1838-1859 Victoria, 1846 Third Cholera Pandemic

The 1846 Third Cholera Pandemic was the third major outbreak of cholera which lasted until 1860. It originated in India.

2nd Millennium, 19th Century Events, 1838-1859 Victoria, 1854 Broad Street Cholera Outbreak

The 1854 Broad Street Cholera Outbreak, aka Golden Square Cholera Outbreak, as a severe outbreak of cholera that occurred in 1854 near Broad Street (which has since been renamed Broadwick Street) in Soho, London. This outbreak, which killed 616 people, is best known for the physician John Snow's study of its causes and his hypothesis that germ-contaminated water was the source of cholera