Denbigh Castle

 Denbigh Castle Great Gatehouse Well Great Kitchen Tower Great Hall White Chamber Tower Green Chambers Postern Gate and Barbican Mantlet Treasure House Tower

Denbigh Castle is in Denbigh Castle and Town Walls.

Denbigh Castle located high on the ridge over-looking the town and the Clywd valley.

On 25 Dec 1281 Alice Lacy Countess Leicester, and Lancaster 5th Countess of Salisbury 5th Countess Lincoln was born to Henry Lacy 4th Earl Lincoln, Earl Salisbury (age 30) and Margaret Longespée 4th Countess of Salisbury and Lincoln at Denbigh Castle. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Around 1545 Richard Middleton was born to Richard Myddelton (age 36) and Jane Dryhurst (age 20) at Denbigh Castle.

In 1563 Humphrey Llwyd aka Lluyd (age 36) lived at Denbigh Castle by permission of Sir John Salusbury (age 44) [Note. Some sources say Richard Myddelton (age 54)] who was then the Lord of the Manor of Denbigh.

Around 1563 Robert Myddelton was born to Richard Myddelton (age 54) and Jane Dryhurst (age 38) at Denbigh Castle where his father was governor. He was their seventh son.

Battle of Rowton Heath aka Moor

Archaeologia Cambrensis 1820 Page 464. Sept. 24. "Being Wednesday, the King's forces were routed by the Parlm army in a place called Rowton Moor.

"From Chester the King retreated to Denbigh Castle, and, having layed there two or three nights, retourned to Chirk Castle [Map]. The next morning, viz. 29th, he advanced from thence with his army through Llan-Silin, and quartered that night in Halchdyn1 and so passed through Mountgomeryshyre towards Ludlow.

Note 1. Halchdyn is in Deuddwr, between the rivers Havren and Vyrnwy, aad near Llandrinio. The name of the place has been anglicised into Haughton.

On 14 Oct 1646 Kenrick Eyton (age 39) was one of the commissioners to arrange the surrender of Denbigh Castle to General Thomas Mytton.

1800. Unknown Painter. Denbigh Castle and Town. Antique Steel Vignette by & Co Newman published by D.L.L.Lewis, Rhyl.

Archaeologia Cambrensis 1853 Page 155. Fall of Part of Denbigh Castle.

Archaeologia Cambrensis 1855 Page 185-228. Original Charter Preserved Amongst The Records Of The Corporation Of Denbigh.1

Note 1. In the following document the words contracted in the original are given in extenso. In the first word the initial H has been here supplied, a space appearing obviously left for a rubricated or illuminated initial, which may have become effaced by time.

Chester Archaeological and History Society 1856 Page 48. Plan of Denbigh Castle from a Survey by James Harrison.

Chester Archaeological and History Society 1856 Page 48. Denbigh Castle by William Ayrton.

Chronicle of Gregory 1460. And that same nyght the kynge remevyde unto London a-gayne hys wylle, to the byschoppe ys palys of London, and the Duke of Yorke com unto hym that same nyght by the torchelyght and toke a-pon hym as kyng, and sayde in many placys that thys ys owrys by very ryght. Ande thenn the quene hyrynge thys she voydyde unto Walys, but she was met with be-syde the Castelle of Malepas [Map], and a servand of hyr owne that she hadde made bothe yeman and gentylman, and aftyr a-poyntyd for to be in offysce with hyr sone the prynce, spoylyde hyr and robbyde hyr, and put hyr soo in dowt of hyr lyffe and sonys lyffe also. And thenn she com to the Castelle of Hardelowe [Probably Denbigh Castle, Possibly Hawarden, Flintshire] in Walys, and she hadde many grete gyftys and gretely comfortyd, for she hadde nede there of, for she hadde a fulle esy many a-boute hyr, the nombyr of iiij personnys. And moste comynly she rode by-hynde a yonge poore gentylle-man of xiiij yere age, hys name was Jon Combe, i-borne at Amysbery [Map] in Wyltschyre. And there hens she remevyd fulle prevely unto the Lorde Jesper, Lorde and Erle of Penbroke, for she durste not a byde in noo place that [was] a opyn but in pryvatt. The cause was that conter fete tokyns were sende unto hyr as thoughe that they hadde come from hyr moste dradde lorde the Kyng Harry the VI; but hyt was not of hys sendyng, nothyr of [his] a doynge, but forgyd thyngys, for they that brought the tokyns were of the kyngys howse, and sum of the pryncys howse, and sum of hyr owne howse, and bade hyr beware of the tokyns, that she gave noo credans there too; for at the kyngys departynge fro Covyntre towarde the fylde of Northehampton, he kyste hyr and blessyd the prynce, and commaundyd hyr that she shulde not com unto hym tylle that [he] a sende a specyalle tokyn unto hyr that no man knewe but the kynge and she. For the lordys wolde fayne hadde hyr unto Lundon, for they knewe welle that alle the workyngys that were done growe by hyr, for she was more wyttyer then the kynge, and that apperythe by hys dedys, &c.

The Welsh Castles and Towns of Edward I comprise a number of castles, some with associated planned towns, commissioned as a means of containing the Welsh. They included, from east to west, Flint Castle [Map], Rhuddlan, Conwy Castle [Map], Beaumaris Castle [Map], Caernarfon Castle [Map], Harlech Castle [Map] and Aberystwyth Castle [Map]. Those not on the coast include Chirk Castle [Map], Denbigh Castle and Town Walls and Builth Castle [Map]. Arguably, Holt Castle [Map] and Criccieth Castle [Map] should be included.

Edmund de Lacy drowned in the Well [Map] at Denbigh Castle.

Great Gatehouse

The Great Gatehouse [Map] comprised three inter-connected octagonal towers known as the Porter's Lodge Tower, the Prison Tower and the Badnes Tower. The Gatehouse was further protected by a Barbican.

The River Clwyd rises 8km north-west Corwen, Denbighshire [Map] from where it flows past Ruthin Castle [Map], Denbigh [Map], St Asaph [Map] to Rhuddlan Castle [Map], from where the remaining 4km were canalised when the castle wads constructed, entering the Irish Sea at Rhyl [Map].

1781. Thomas Pennant (age 54). Great Gatehouse [Map] at Denbigh Castle.

Before 09 Nov 1802. Thomas Girtin (age 27). Great Gatehouse [Map] of Denbigh Castle.

Before May 1804. Edward Dayes (age 41). Great Gatehouse [Map] of Denbigh Castle.

Wales Illustrated North Wales. Great Gatehouse [Map] at Denbigh Castle.

1853. Unknown Painter. Great Gatehouse [Map] at Denbigh Castle. Taken from Woodward, B. B.: "History of Wales".

Chester Archaeological and History Society 1856. Frontspiece. Great Gateway [Map] of Denbigh Castle.


The 15m deep Well [Map] in which Edmund, son of Henry Lacy 4th Earl Lincoln, Earl Salisbury drowned.

Great Kitchen Tower

The Great Kitchen Tower [Map].

Great Hall

The Great Hall [Map] had a buttery (for butts of wine) and pantry at the Great Kitchen Tower [Map] end, and a porch at the other end leading to apartments in the White Chamber Tower [Map] and Green Chambers [Map]. The holes visible in the wall are where the substantial floor joists would have been placed.

White Chamber Tower

The White Chamber Tower [Map] contained apartments with fireplaces and latrines.

Green Chambers

The Green Chambers [Map], the name probably a reference to the green Gwespyr stone used, was a multi-purpose, multi-storey building with drainage.

Postern Gate and Barbican

The Postern Gate and Barbican [Map] were a complex series of defensive features to protect the vulnerable rear of the castle where the rock ridge was lowest.


The Mantlet [Map] provided additional protection at the rear of the castle where the rock ridge was lowest, and curtain wall thinnest, over-looking the entrance to the Postern Gate and Barbican [Map].

Treasure House Tower

The Treasure House Tower [Map] protected the Mantlet [Map] as well as providing storage for the castle records. Access was originally only from the wall-walks but a stair was later added to the inner-face of the Tower for convenience.

Chester Archaeological and History Society 1856 Page 48. Part of the South Wall of Denbigh Castle [looking toward the Treasure House Tower [Map]]