Twenty Trees

On this Day in History ... 23 February

1421 Coronation of Catherine of Valois

1447 Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

1462 Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

1509 Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion

On 23 Feb 943 Herbert Vermandois II Count Vermandois, II Count Soissons, II Count Meaux -943 died. His son Adalbert "The Pious" I Count Vermandois 915-987 (28) succeeded I Count Vermandois.

On 23 Feb 1188 Peter Burgundy 1188-1258 was born to Sancho "Populator" I King Portugal 1154-1211 (33) and Dulce Barcelona Queen Consort Portugal.

On 23 Feb 1216 Geoffrey Mandeville 2nd Earl Essex 1191-1216 (25) was killed in a tournament. His brother William Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex -1227 succeeded 3rd Earl Essex (2C 1199).

On 23 Feb 1258 Walter Branscombe Bishop of Exeter 1220-1280 (38) was consecrated Bishop of Exeter by Boniface Savoy Archbishop of Canterbury 1217-.

On 23 Feb 1258 Walter Branscombe Bishop of Exeter 1220-1280 (38) was enthroned Bishop of Exeter at Exeter Cathedral.

On 23 Feb 1262 Henry Wittelsbach 1262-1280 was born to Henry Wittelsbach I Duke Lower Bavaria, I Duke Bavaria 1235-1290 (26) and Elizabeth Unknown Duchess Bavaria.

On 23 Feb 1365 Leopold "The Just" Habsburg III Duke Austria 1351-1386 (13) and Viridis Visconti Duchess Austria 1352-1414 (13) were married. Viridis Visconti Duchess Austria 1352-1414 (13) by marriage Duchess Austria.

On 23 Feb 1416 Margarethe Marck Duchess Bavaria 1416-1444 was born to Adolph Marck I Duke Cleves 1373-1448 (42) and Marie Valois-Burgundy Duchess Cleves 1393-1466 (23).

Coronation of Catherine of Valois

On 23 Feb 1421 Catherine of Valois (19) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (36) was appointed Chief Butler of England. James I (26) attended, and was honoured by sitting immediately on the queen's left at the coronation banquet.

Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

On 20 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) was arrested on a charge of treason by John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (37), Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke of Buckingham 1402-1460 (44), Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (41), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (47) and Ralph Boteler 6th Baron Sudeley 1389-1473 (58).
On 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) died at Bury St Edmunds. He was possibly poisoned although more likely he died from a stroke. He was buried at St Albans Cathedral. His death left England with no heir to the throne in a direct line. Richard 3rd Duke York 1411-1460 (35) became heir presumptive until the birth of Edward of Westinster Prince Wales 1453-1471 six years later.

Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

On 23 Feb 1462 William Tyrrell 1408-1462 (54), John Montgomery -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 were beheaded at Tower Hill.

On 23 Feb 1473 Arnold Egmont 1st Duke Guelders 1410-1473 (62) died. His son Adolf Egmont 2nd Duke Guelders 1438-1477 (35) succeeded 2nd Duke Guelders.

On 23 Feb 1489 Engelbert Marck Count Nevers 1462-1506 (26) and Charlotte Bourbon-Vendôme were married.

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VIII. 1509. The coronation of Kinge Henrie the Eight (17), which was the 24th of June, A.D. 1509. See Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
This yeare, Prince Henrie, the Kings (19) first sonne, was borne at Richmonde on Newe Yeares daye, and on St. Mathie's day [Note. 23 Feb] after the saide Prince died, and was buried at Westminster.

On 23 Feb 1546 Francis Bourbon Count of Enghien 1519-1546 (26) died by being hit by a falling chest. His brother Jean Bourbon Count Soissons and Enghien 1528-1557 (17) succeeded Count Enghien.

Wyatt's Rebellion

On 23 Feb 1554 Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (37) was beheaded at Tower Hill. .

On 23 Feb 1583 Lucy Somerset Baroness Latimer Snape 1524-1583 (59) died.

On 23 Feb 1607 Henry Arundell 3rd Baron Arundel Wardour 1607-1694 was baptised at St Andrew's Church, Holborn.

On 23 Feb 1620 Francis Newport 1st Earl Bradford 1620-1708 was born to Richard Newport 1st Baron Newport 1587-1651 (32) and Frances Leveson Baroness Gower 1614-1661 (6) at Wroxeter.

On 23 Feb 1620 Andrew Newport 1620-1699 was born to Richard Newport 1st Baron Newport 1587-1651 (32) and Frances Leveson Baroness Gower 1614-1661 (6) at Wroxeter.

On 23 Feb 1622 Richard Grosvenor 1st Baronet Grosvenor 1585-1645 (37) was created 1st Baronet Grosvenor of Eaton in Cheshire.

On 23 Feb 1633 Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703 was born to John Pepys Tailor 1601-1680 (32) and Margaret Kite -1667 in Salisbury Court, Fleet Street. He was baptised at St Bride's Church by James Palmer Vicar St Brides 1585-1660 (51).

On 23 Feb 1642 Christian Saxe-Gotha 1642-1642 was born to Ernest "The Pious" Saxe-Gotha I Duke Saxe-Gotha 1601-1675 (40) and Elisabeth Sophie Saxe-Altenburg Duchess Saxe-Gotha at Gotha.

John Evelyn's Diary 1645 February. 23d February 1645. I went to hear a sermon at St. Giacomo degli Incurabili, a fair church built by F. da Volterra, of good architecture, and so is the hospital, where only desperate patients are brought. I passed the evening at St. Maria del Popolo, heretofore Nero's sepulchre, where his ashes lay many years in a marble chest. To this church joins the monastery of St. Augustine, which has pretty gardens on Mons Pincius, and in the church is the miraculous shrine of the Madonna which Pope Paul III. brought barefooted to the place, supplicating for a victory over the Turks in 1464. In a chapel of the Ghisi, are some rare paintings of Raphael, and noble sculptures. Those two in the choir are by Sansovino, and in the Chapel de Cerasii, a piece of Caravaggio. Here lie buried many great scholars and artists, of which I took notice of this inscription:
Hospes, disce novum mortis genus; improba felis, Dum trahitur, digitum mordet, et intereo.
Opposite to the facciátæ of the church is a superb obelisk full of hieroglyphics, the same that Sennesertus, King of Egypt, dedicated to the Sun; brought to Rome by Augustus, erected in the Circus Maximus, and since placed here by Pope Sextus V. It is eighty-eight feet high, of one entire stone, and placed with great art and engines by the famous Domenico Fontana.
Hence, turning on the right out of the Porto del Popolo, we came to Justinian's gardens, near the Muro Torto, so prominently built as threatening every moment to fall, yet standing so for these thousand years. Under this is the burying place for the common prostitutes, where they are put into the ground, sans ceremonie.

John Evelyn's Diary 1651 February. 23d February 1651. I went to see the Bonnes Hommes, a convent that has a fair cloister painted with the lives of hermits; a glorious altar now erecting in the chapel; the garden on the rock with divers descents, with a fine vineyard, and a delicate prospect toward the city.

On 23 Feb 1657 Nicole Lorraine Duchess Lorraine 1608-1657 (48) died.

John Evelyn's Diary 1665 February. 23 Feb 1665. I was invited to a great feast at Mr. Rich's (a relation of my wife (30)'s, now reader at Lincoln's Inn); where was the Duke of Monmouth (15), the Archbishop of Canterbury (66), Bishops of London (33) and Winchester (66), the Speaker of the House of Commons (48), divers of the Judges, and several other great men.

John Evelyn's Diary 1673 February. 23 Feb 1673. The Bishop of Chichester (59) preached before the King (42) on Coloss. ii. 14, 15, admirably well, as he can do nothing but what is well.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 February. 23 Feb 1684. I went to Sir John Chardine (40), who desired my assistance for the engraving the plates, the translation, and printing his History of that wonderfull Persian. Monument neere Persepolis, and other rare antiquities, which he had caus'd to be drawne from the originals in his second journey into Persia, which we now concluded upon. Afterwards I went with Sr Christ' Wren to Dr Tenison (47), where we made the drawing and estimate of the expence of the Library, to be begun this next Spring neere the Mewes. Greate expectation of the Prince of Orange's (33) attempts in Holland to bring those of Amsterdam to consent to the new levies, to which we were no friends, by a pseudo-politic adherence to the French interest.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

John Evelyn's Diary 1696 February. 23 Feb 1696. They now began to coin new money.

On 23 Feb 1726 James Wemyss 1726–1786 was born to James Wemyss 5th Earl Wemyss 1699–1756 (26) and Janet Charteris -1778.

On 23 Feb 1727 Lionel Tollemache 3rd Earl Dysart 1649-1727 (78) and Grace Wilbraham Countess Dysart 1661-1740 (65) were married. Grace Wilbraham Countess Dysart 1661-1740 (65) by marriage Countess Dysart.

Around 1675 John Michael Wright Painter 1617-1694 (57). Portrait of Grace Wilbraham Countess Dysart 1661-1740 (13).

On 23 Feb 1727 Lionel Tollemache 3rd Earl Dysart 1649-1727 (78) died. His grandson Lionel Tollemache 4th Earl Dysart 1708-1770 (18) succeeded 4th Earl Dysart.

On 23 Feb 1728 Isabella Bentinck 1688-1728 (39) died.

On 23 Feb 1741 James Hamilton 6th Duke Hamilton, 3rd Duke Brandon -1758 (16) was educated at St Mary Hall, Oriel College.

On 23 Feb 1748 Mary Montagu 1748-1761 was born to John Montagu 4th Earl Sandwich 1718-1792 (29) and Dorothy Fane Countess Sandwich 1717-1797 (30).

On 23 Feb 1750 Catherine Glücksburg 1750-1811 was born to Peter August Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1697-1775 (52) and Sophie Unknown Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.

On 23 Feb 1752 John Campbell 2nd Earl Breadalbaine and Holland 1662-1752 (89) died. His son John Campbell 3rd Earl Breadalbaine and Holland 1696-1782 (55) succeeded 3rd Earl Breadalbaine and Holland. Arbella Pershall Countess Breadalbaine and Holland by marriage Countess Breadalbaine and Holland.

On 23 Feb 1758 Mary Churchill Countess Cadogan 1758- was born to Charles Churchill 1714-1812 (44) and Maria Walpole.

On 23 Feb 1768 Mary Webb Duchess Somerset 1697-1768 (71) died.

On 23 Feb 1783 Thomas Howard 14th Earl Suffolk, 7th Earl Berkshire 1721-1783 (61) died. His son John Howard 15th Earl Suffolk, 8th Earl Berkshire 1739-1820 (43) succeeded 15th Earl Suffolk (4C 1603), 8th Earl Berkshire (2C 1626).

On 23 Feb 1800 Robert Vernon 1st Baron Lyveden 1800-1873 was born.

On 23 Feb 1801 Charlotte Susan Ashburnham 1801-1865 was born to George Ashburnham 3rd Earl Ashburham 1760-1830 (40) and Charlotte Percy Countess Ashburham 1776-1862 (25).

On 23 Feb 1803 Alexandrine Hohenzollern 1803-1892 was born to Frederick William II King Prussia 1770-1840 (32).

On 23 Feb 1808 William George Howard 8th Earl Carlisle 1808-1889 was born to George Howard 6th Earl Carlisle 1773-1848 (34) and Georgiana Cavendish Countess Carlisle 1783-1858 (24).

On 23 Feb 1826 Charles Fitzroy 3rd Baron Southampton 1804-1872 (21) and Harriet Stanhope Baroness Southampton were married (he was her second-cousin once-removed). Harriet Stanhope Baroness Southampton by marriage Baroness Southampton.

On 23 Feb 1830 Frederick Spencer 4th Earl Spencer 1798-1857 (31) and Elizabeth Georgiana Poyntz Countess Spencer 1799-1851 (30) were married (he was her second-cousin).

On 23 Feb 1847 Hugh Percy 3rd Duke Northumberland 1785-1847 was buried at Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey.

On 23 Feb 1852 Edward Smith-Stanley 14th Earl Derby 1799-1869 (52) was appointed Prime Minister.

On 23 Feb 1852 Charlotte Gore Baroness Carbery 1766-1852 (85) died.

On 23 Feb 1860 Elizabeth Evelyn Harbord Baroness Hastings 1860-1957 was born to Charles Harbord 5th Baron Suffield 1830-1914 (30) and Cecilia Annetta Baring Baroness Suffield.

On 23 Feb 1869 George Sackville-West 5th Earl De La Warr 1791-1869 (77) died. His son Charles Sackville-West 6th Earl De La Warr 1815-1873 (53) succeeded 6th Earl De La Warr (1761), 6th Viscount Cantalupe, 12th Baron De La Warr (2C 1570).

On 23 Feb 1921 John Wynford Philipps 1st Viscount St Davids 1860-1938 (60) by marriage 22nd Baron Hungerford, 14th Baron Strange Knockin (4C 1628). Mary Brudenell Countess Chichester 1806-1867 by marriage Baroness Hungerford.

On 23 Feb 1921 Edith Maud Rawdon-Hastings 12th Countess Loudon 1883-1960 (37) abeyance terminated 20th Baron Hungerford. The title had been abeyant since the death of Ferdinando Stanley 5th Earl Derby 1559-1594 in 1594.

On 23 Feb 1934 Osbert Mordaunt 11th Baronet Massingham Parva 1884-1934 (50) died.

On 23 Feb 1943 William Humble Eric Ward 3rd Earl Dudley 1894-1969 (49) and Frances Laura Charteris Duchess Marlborough 1915-1990 (27) were married.

On 23 Feb 1972 Robert Arthur James Gascoyne-Cecil 5th Marquess Salisbury 1893-1972 (78) died.

On 23 Feb 1999 Frederick William John Augustus Hervey 7th Marquess Bristol 1954-1999 was buried at St Mary's Church, Ickworth.

On 23 Feb 2000 John Henry Guy Neville 5th Marquess Abergavenny 1914-2000 (85) died. His nephew Christopher Neville 6th Marquess Abergavenny 1955- succeeded 6th Marquess Abergavenny, 10th Earl Abergavenny, 6th Earl Lewes, 26th Baron Bergavenny (1C 1392). Venetia Maynard Marchioness Abergavenny 1958- by marriage Marchioness Abergavenny.