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On this Day in History ... 23 February

1421 Coronation of Catherine of Valois

1447 Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

1462 Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

1509 Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion

On 23 Feb 943 Herbert Vermandois II Count Vermandois, II Count Soissons, II Count Meaux -943 died. His Son Adalbert "The Pious" I Count Vermandois 915-987 (28) succeeded I Count Vermandois.

On 23 Feb 1188 Peter Burgundy 1188-1258 was born to Sancho "Populator" I King Portugal 1154-1211 (33) and Dulce Barcelona Queen Consort Portugal. He a 4 x Great Grandson of Robert "Pious" II King France 972-1031.

On 23 Feb 1216 Geoffrey Mandeville 2nd Earl Essex 1191-1216 (25) was killed in a tournament. His Brother William Mandeville 3rd Earl Essex -1227 succeeded 3rd Earl Essex (2C 1199).

On 23 Feb 1258 Walter Branscombe Bishop Exeter 1220-1280 (38) was enthroned Bishop Exeter at Exeter Cathedral, Exeter.

On 23 Feb 1258 Walter Branscombe Bishop Exeter 1220-1280 (38) was consecrated Bishop Exeter by Boniface Savoy Archbishop Canterbury 1217-.

On 23 Feb 1262 Henry Wittelsbach 1262-1280 was born to Henry Wittelsbach I Duke Lower Bavaria, I Duke Bavaria 1235-1290 (26) and Elizabeth Unknown Duchess Bavaria. He a 3 x Great Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189.

On 23 Feb 1365 Leopold "The Just" Habsburg III Duke Austria 1351-1386 (13) and Viridis Visconti Duchess Austria 1352-1414 (13) were married. Viridis Visconti Duchess Austria 1352-1414 (13) by marriage Duchess Austria.

On 23 Feb 1416 Margarethe Marck Duchess Bavaria 1416-1444 was born to Adolph Marck I Duke Cleves 1373-1448 (42) and Marie Valois-Burgundy Duchess Cleves 1393-1466 (23). She a 2 x Great Granddaughter of John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364.

Coronation of Catherine of Valois

On 23 Feb 1421 Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (19) was crowned Queen Consort England at Westminster Abbey. Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby Eresby 1385-1452 (36) was appointed Chief Butler of England. James I King Scotland 1394-1437 (26) attended, and was honoured by sitting immediately on the queen's left at the coronation banquet.

Around 1747. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. View across the River Thames to Westminster Abbey and Westminster Hall.

1749. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster Abbey with a procession of Knights of the Bath. St Margaret's Church adjacent with the flag.

Around 1750. Canaletto Painter 1697-1768. Westminster from near the Terrace of Somerset House, Strand In the distance the Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Bridge.

Around 1801. Benjamin West Painter 1738-1820 (62). Milkmaids in St James' Park, St James' with Westminster Abbey Beyond.

Death of Humphrey of Lancaster

On 20 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) arrested on a charge of treason by John Beaumont 1st Viscount Beaumont 1409-1460 (37), Humphrey Stafford 1st Duke Buckingham 1402-1460 (44), Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke Somerset 1406-1455 (41), Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury 1400-1460 (47) and Ralph Boteler 6th Baron Sudeley 1389-1473 (58).
On 23 Feb 1447 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (56) died. He was possibly poisoned although more likely he died from a stroke at Bury St Edmunds. He had been arrested three days previously on a charge of treason. He was buried at St Albans Cathedral, St Albans.

Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV

On 23 Feb 1462 William Tyrrell 1408-1462 (54), John Montgomery -1462 and Thomas Tuddenham 1401-1462 (60) were beheaded at Tower Hill.

On 23 Feb 1473 Arnold Egmont 1st Duke Guelders 1410-1473 (62) died. His Son Adolf Egmont 2nd Duke Guelders 1438-1477 (35) succeeded 2nd Duke Guelders.

On 23 Feb 1489 Engelbert Marck Count Nevers 1462-1506 (26) and Charlotte Bourbon-Vendôme were married. He a 3 x Great Grandson of John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364.

Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

Wriothesley's Chronicle Volume 1 Henry VIII. 1509. The coronation of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (17), which was the 24th of June, A.D. 1509. See Coronation of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
This yeare, Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511, the Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (19) first sonne, was borne at Richmonde on 01 Jan 1511, and on 23 Feb 1511 [Note. 23 Feb] after the saide Henry Tudor Duke Cornwall 1511-1511 died, and was buried at Westminster Abbey.

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy Argent & Gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471. It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 was the childhood companion of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547.
Physician holding urine bottle

1536 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (39). Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (44).

1540 Hans Holbein The Younger 1497-1543 (43).Miniature portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (48).

Around 1525 Unknown Artist.Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VIII King England and Ireland 1491-1547 (33).

Wyatt's Rebellion

On 23 Feb 1554 Henry Grey 1st Duke Suffolk 1517-1554 (37) was beheaded at Tower Hill. .

On 23 Feb 1620 Francis Newport 1st Earl Bradford 1620-1708 was born to Richard Newport 1st Baron Newport 1587-1651 (32) and Rachel Leveson at Wroxeter.

On 23 Feb 1633 Samuel Pepys Diarist 1633-1703 was born to John Pepys 1601-1680 in Salisbury Court, Fleet Street.

On 23 Feb 1642 Christian Saxe-Gotha 1642-1642 was born to Ernest "The Pious" Saxe-Gotha I Duke Saxe-Gotha 1601-1675 (40) and Elisabeth Sophie Saxe-Altenburg Duchess Saxe-Gotha at Gotha.

On 23 Feb 1657 Nicole Lorraine Duchess Lorraine 1608-1657 (48) died.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb. 23 Feb 1684. I went to Jean Chardin Traveller 1643-1713 (40), who desired my assistance for the engraving the plates, the translation, and printing his History of that wonderfull Persian Monument neere Persepolis, and other rare antiquities, which he had caus'd to be drawne from the originals in his second journey into Persia, which we now concluded upon. Afterwards I went with Sr Christ' Wren to Thomas Tenison Archbishop Canterbury 1636-1715 (47), where we made the drawing and estimate of the expence of the Library, to be begun this next Spring neere the Mewes. Greate expectation of the William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (33) attempts in Holland to bring those of Amsterdam to consent to the new levies, to which we were no friends, by a pseudo-politic adherence to the French interest.

Around 1680 Willem Wissing 1656-1687 (24). Portrait of William III King England, Scotland and Ireland 1650-1702 (29) wearing his Garter Collar.

On 23 Feb 1727 Lionel Tollemache 3rd Earl Dysart 1649-1727 (78) died. His Grandson Lionel Tollemache 4th Earl Dysart 1708-1770 (18) succeeded 4th Earl Dysart.

In 1737 John Vanderbank 1694-1739 (42). Portrait of Lionel Tollemache 4th Earl Dysart 1708-1770 (28).

On 23 Feb 1727 Lionel Tollemache 3rd Earl Dysart 1649-1727 (78) and Grace Wilbraham Countess Dysart 1661-1740 (65) were married. Grace Wilbraham Countess Dysart 1661-1740 (65) by marriage Countess Dysart.

Around 1675 John Michael Wright 1617-1694 (57). Portrait of Grace Wilbraham Countess Dysart 1661-1740 (13).

On 23 Feb 1728 Isabella Bentinck 1688-1728 (39) died.

On 23 Feb 1741 James Hamilton 6th Duke Hamilton, 3rd Duke Brandon -1758 (16) was educated at St Mary Hall, Oriel College, Oxford University, Oxford.

On 23 Feb 1748 Mary Montagu 1748-1761 was born to John Montagu 4th Earl Sandwich 1718-1792 (29) and Dorothy Fane Countess Sandwich 1717-1797 (30).

Before 1792 Thomas Beach 1738-1806. Portrait of John Montagu 4th Earl Sandwich 1718-1792.

In 1780 Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788 (52). Portrait of John Montagu 4th Earl Sandwich 1718-1792 (61).

On 23 Feb 1750 Catherine Glücksburg 1750-1811 was born to Peter August Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1697-1775 (52) and Sophie Unknown Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.

On 23 Feb 1752 John Campbell 2nd Earl Breadalbaine and Holland 1662-1752 (89) died. His Son John Campbell 3rd Earl Breadalbaine and Holland 1696-1782 (55) succeeded 3rd Earl Breadalbaine and Holland. Arbella Pershall Countess Breadalbaine and Holland by marriage Countess Breadalbaine and Holland.

On 23 Feb 1768 Mary Webb Duchess Somerset 1697-1768 (71) died.

On 23 Feb 1783 Thomas Howard 14th Earl Suffolk, 7th Earl Berkshire 1721-1783 (61) died. His Son John Howard 15th Earl Suffolk, 8th Earl Berkshire 1739-1820 (43) succeeded 15th Earl Suffolk (4C 1603), 8th Earl Berkshire (2C 1626).

On 23 Feb 1801 Charlotte Susan Ashburnham 1801-1865 was born to George Ashburnham 3rd Earl Ashburham 1760-1830 (40) and Charlotte Percy Countess Ashburham 1776-1862 (25).

On 23 Feb 1803 Alexandrine Hohenzollern 1803-1892 was born to Frederick William II King Prussia 1770-1840 (32). She a 3 x Great Granddaughter of George I King Great Britain and Ireland 1660-1727.

On 23 Feb 1808 William George Howard 8th Earl Carlisle 1808-1889 was born to George Howard 6th Earl Carlisle 1773-1848 (34) and Georgiana Cavendish Countess Carlisle 1783-1858 (24).

On 23 Feb 1830 Frederick Spencer 4th Earl Spencer 1798-1857 (31) and Elizabeth Georgiana Poyntz Countess Spencer 1799-1851 (30) were married (he was her Second-Cousin).

On 23 Feb 1847 Hugh Percy 3rd Duke Northumberland 1785-1847 was buried at Northumberland Vault, Westminster Abbey.

On 23 Feb 1852 Edward Smith-Stanley 14th Earl Derby 1799-1869 (52) was appointed Prime Minister.

On 23 Feb 1869 George Sackville-West 5th Earl De La Warr 1791-1869 (77) died. His Son Charles Sackville-West 6th Earl De La Warr 1815-1873 (53) succeeded 6th Earl De La Warr (1761), 6th Viscount Cantalupe, 12th Baron De La Warr (2C 1570).

On 23 Feb 1872 Aubrey Spencer Bishop Newfoundland, Bishop Jamaica 1795-1872 (77) died.

On 23 Feb 1921 Edith Maud Rawdon-Hastings 12th Countess Loudon 1883-1960 (37) abeyance terminated 20th Baron Hungerford. The title had been abeyant since the death of Ferdinando Stanley 5th Earl Derby 1559-1594 in 1594.

On 23 Feb 1921 John Wynford Philipps 1st Viscount St Davids 1860-1938 (60) by marriage 22nd Baron Hungerford, 14th Baron Strange Knockin (4C 1628). Mary Brudenell Countess Chichester 1806-1867 by marriage Baroness Hungerford.

On 23 Feb 1943 William Humble Eric Ward 3rd Earl Dudley 1894-1969 (49) and Frances Laura Charteris Duchess Marlborough 1915-1990 (27) were married.

On 23 Feb 1972 Robert Arthur James Gascoyne-Cecil 5th Marquess Salisbury 1893-1972 (78) died.

On 23 Feb 1999 Frederick William John Augustus Hervey 7th Marquess Bristol 1954-1999 was buried at St Mary's Church, Ickworth, Bury St Edmunds.

On 23 Feb 2000 John Henry Guy Neville 5th Marquess Abergavenny 1914-2000 (85) died. His Nephew Christopher Neville 6th Marquess Abergavenny 1955- succeeded 6th Marquess Abergavenny, 10th Earl Abergavenny, 6th Earl Lewes, 26th Baron Bergavenny (1C 1392). Venetia Maynard Marchioness Abergavenny 1958- by marriage Marchioness Abergavenny.