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On this Day in History ... 27 February

1198 Council of Reims

1490 Arthur Tudor created Prince of Wales

1545 Battle of Ancrum Moor

On 27 Feb 1063 Judith Poher Count Cornouaille, Count Nantes -1063 died.

On 27 Feb 1076 Godfrey "Hunchback" Ardennes IV Duke Lower Lorraine -1076 died.

Council of Reims

Choir Aisle, Hereford Cathedral left to right ...
In 1198 William de Vere Bishop Hereford -1198 died. He was buried in the Choir Aisle, Hereford Cathedral.
On 09 May 1186 Robert Foliot Bishop Hereford -1186 died. He was buried in the Choir Aisle, Hereford Cathedral.
On 16 Apr 1148 Robert de Bethune Bishop Hereford -1148 died in Reims just after the closure of the Council of Reims. He was buried in the Choir Aisle, Hereford Cathedral.
On 27 Feb 1167 Robert Melun Bishop Hereford 1100-1167 (67) died. He was buried in the Choir Aisle, Hereford Cathedral.

Choir Aisle, Hereford Cathedral left to right ...
In 1198 William de Vere Bishop Hereford -1198 died. He was buried in the Choir Aisle, Hereford Cathedral.
On 09 May 1186 Robert Foliot Bishop Hereford -1186 died. He was buried in the Choir Aisle, Hereford Cathedral.
On 16 Apr 1148 Robert de Bethune Bishop Hereford -1148 died in Reims just after the closure of the Council of Reims. He was buried in the Choir Aisle, Hereford Cathedral.
On 27 Feb 1167 Robert Melun Bishop Hereford 1100-1167 (67) died. He was buried in the Choir Aisle, Hereford Cathedral.

On 27 Feb 1398 Cardinal Henry Beaufort 1375-1447 (23) was appointed Bishop Lincoln.

Arthur Tudor created Prince of Wales

On 27 Feb 1490 Arthur Tudor Prince Wales 1486-1502 (3) was created Prince Wales at Westminster Palace.
Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr, 5th Baron West 1457-1525 (33) was appointed Knight of the Bath.

On 27 Feb 1508 James Stewart 1st Duke Rothesay 1507-1508 (1) died at Stirling Castle.

Battle of Ancrum Moor

On 27 Feb 1545 a Scottish army defeated an English army at the Battle of Ancrum Moor at Jedburgh. The Scots Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus 1489-1557 (56) and James Hamilton 1st Duke Châtellerault 1516-1575 (29) fought. Brian Leyton -1545 and Ralph Eure -1545 were killed.

On 27 Feb 1572 Francis Lorraine II Duke Lorraine 1572-1632 was born to Charles "The Great" Lorraine III Duke Lorraine 1543-1608 (29) and Claude Valois-Angoulême Duchess Lorraine 1547-1575 (24). He a Grandson of Henry II King France 1519-1559.

On 27 Feb 1598 George Morley 1598-1684 was born.

On 27 Feb 1609 Robert Sackville 2nd Earl Dorset 1561-1609 (48) died at Dorset House. He was buried at Sackville Chapel, St Michael's Church, Withyham, East Sussex. On 27 Feb 1609 His Son Richard Sackville 3rd Earl Dorset 1589-1624 (19) succeeded 3rd Earl Dorset (4C 1604). Anne Clifford Countess Dorset, Countess Pembroke 1590-1676 (19) by marriage Countess Dorset (4C 1604).

Around 1616 William Larkin 1582-1619 (34). Portrait of Anne Clifford Countess Dorset, Countess Pembroke 1590-1676 (25).

On 27 Feb 1609 Richard Sackville 3rd Earl Dorset 1589-1624 (19) and Anne Clifford Countess Dorset, Countess Pembroke 1590-1676 (19) were married.

On 27 Feb 1619 Eleonore Sabine Oldenburg 1619-1619 was born to Alexander Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 1573-1627 (46) and Dorothea Unknown Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.

Memoirs of Jean Francois Paul de Gondi Cardinal de Retz Book 1. On the 27 Feb 1649 the First President reported to the Parliament what had occurred at Saint Germain. François Bourbon-Vendôme 2nd Duke Beaufort 1616-1669 (33) and I had to hinder the people from entering the Great Chamber, for they threatened to throw the deputies into the river, and said they had betrayed them and had held conferences with Mazarin. It was as much as we could do to allay the fury of the people, though at the same time the Parliament believed the tumult was of our own raising. This shows one inconvenience of popularity, namely, that what is committed by the rabble, in spite of all your endeavours to the contrary, will still be laid to your charge.

On 27 Feb 1649 Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland 1590-1649 was tried and was condemned as a traitor and sentenced to death.

In 1634 Daniel Mijtens 1590-1648 (44). Portrait of Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland 1590-1649.

On 27 Feb 1654 William Wentworth 2nd Earl Strafford 1626-1695 (27) and Henriette Stanley Countess Strafford 1630-1685 (23) were married.. She a 4 x Great Granddaughter of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

In 1654. Robert Walker 1599-1658 (55). Portrait of William Wentworth 2nd Earl Strafford 1626-1695 (27).

Around 1740 George Knapton 1698-1778 (42). Portrait of William Wentworth 2nd Earl Strafford 1626-1695.

On 27 Feb 1683 Anne Churchill Countess Sunderland 1683-1716 was born to John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 (32) and Sarah Jennings Duchess Marlborough 1660-1744 (22).

Before 28 Oct 1708 John Closterman 1660-1711. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722.

Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman 1660-1711. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 known as The Triumph of the John, 1st Duke of Marlborough.

In 1702. Michael Dahl 1659-1743 (43). Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 (51).

Before 1744 Enoch "The Younger" Seeman 1694-1744. Portrait of John Churchill 1st Duke Marlborough 1650-1722 and Colonel John Armstrong.

Before 24 May 1711 John Closterman 1660-1711. Possibly school of. Portrait of Sarah Jennings Duchess Marlborough 1660-1744.

Before 02 Nov 1739 Charles Jervas 1675-1739. Portrait of Sarah Jennings Duchess Marlborough 1660-1744.

John Evelyn's Diary 1684 Feb. 27 Feb 1684. I din'd at Mary Sheldon -1705, where I heard Dr William Waldegrave (Physitian to ye Duke and Dutchesse) play excellently on the lute.

John Evelyn's Diary 1687 Feb. 27 Feb 1687. Mr. Chetwin preached at Whitehall on First Letter to the Romans Verse 18, a very quaint, neat discourse of Moral righteousness.

On 27 Feb 1699 Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton 1630-1699 (69) died. His Son Charles Paulet 2nd Duke Bolton 1661-1722 (38) succeeded 2nd Duke Bolton, 7th Marquess Winchester.

In or before 1653. Circle of Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671 (50). Entitled "Wife of the Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton 1630-1699 (23)" ie Christian Freschville 1633-1653 (19).

On 27 Feb 1703 Sidney Beauclerk 1703-1744 was born to Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (32) and Diana Vere Duchess St Albans. He a Grandson of Charles II King England, Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 and 2 x Great Grandson of Henry IV King France 1553-1610.

On 27 Feb 1705 Christian Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg 1705-1705 was born to Frederick Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg II Duke Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg 1676-1732 (28) and Magdalena Augusta Anhalt-Zerbst Anhaltzerbst Duchess Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg at Gotha. Christian Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg 1705-1705 died of smallpox on 05 Mar 1705 at Gotha.

On 27 Feb 1706 John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (85) died.

Around 1644. Robert Walker 1599-1658 (45). Portrait of John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (23).

In 1689 Godfrey Kneller Painter 1646-1723. Portrait of John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (68).

Around 1650 Adriaen Hanneman 1603-1671 (47). Portrait of John Evelyn Diarist 1620-1706 (29).

On 27 Feb 1729 Robert Spencer 4th Earl Sunderland 1701-1729 (27) died. His Brother Charles Spencer 3rd Duke Marlborough 1706-1758 (22) succeeded 5th Earl Sunderland (2C 1643), 7th Baron Spencer Wormleighton.

On 27 Feb 1741 John Ker 1st Duke Roxburghe 1680-1741 (60) died. His Son Robert Ker 2nd Duke Roxburghe 1709-1755 (32) succeeded 2nd Duke Roxburghe. Essex Mostyn Duchess Roxburghe -1764 by marriage Duchess Roxburghe.

On 27 Feb 1770 Ernest Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg 1770-1779 was born to Ernest Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg Duke Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg 1745-1804 (25) and Charlotte Saxe-Meiningen Duchess Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (18) at Gotha.

On 27 Feb 1782 George Augustus Henry Cavendish 1st Earl Burlington 1754-1834 (27) and Elizabeth Compton Countess Burlington 1760-1835 (21) were married at London. Elizabeth Compton Countess Burlington 1760-1835 (21) by marriage Countess Burlington (2C 1831).

On 27 Feb 1795 Elizabeth Thynne Countess Cawdor 1795-1866 was born to Thomas Thynne 2nd Marquess Bath 1765-1837 (30) and Isabella Elizabeth Byng Marchioness Bath 1773-1830 (21).

On 27 Feb 1814 Margaret Smith Countess Lucan 1740-1814 (74) died at St James's Palace.

On 27 Feb 1821 William Elector of Hesse 1743-1821 (77) died.

1791. Wilhelm Bottner Painter 1752-1810 (38). Portrait of William Elector of Hesse 1743-1821 (47) and his family including his wife Wilhelmina Caroline Oldenburg 1747-1820 (43) and their children Wilhelm Hesse-Kassel 1777-1847 (13), Marie Friederike Hesse-Kassel 1768-1839 (22) and Karoline Amalie Hesse-Kassel Duchess Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg 1771-1848 (19).

1795. Wilhelm Bottner Painter 1752-1810 (42). Portrait of William Elector of Hesse 1743-1821 (51).

On 27 Feb 1844 Marie Karoline Glücksburg 1844-1932 was born to Friedrich Glücksburg Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg 1814-1885 (29) and Adelheid Schasumburg-Lippe Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. She a 3 x Great Granddaughter of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

North Transept, Salisbury Cathedral. On 27 Feb 1861 George Lawrence 1775-1861 (86) died.

North Transept, Salisbury Cathedral. On 27 Feb 1861 George Lawrence 1775-1861 (86) died.

On 27 Feb 1861 George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower 2nd Duke Sutherland 1786-1861 (74) died at Trentham Hall, Trentham. His Son George Leveson-Gower 3rd Duke Sutherland 1828-1892 (32) succeeded 3rd Duke Sutherland.

On 27 Feb 1881 Wilhelm Hohenzollern 1859-1941 (22) and Auguste Viktoria Oldenburg 1858-1921 (22) were married.. She a 4 x Great Granddaughter of George Augustus II King Great Britain and Ireland 1683-1760.

On 27 Feb 1890 Victoria Alexandrina Violet Cavendish-Bentinck 1890-1994 was born to William Cavendish-Bentinck 6th Duke Portland 1857-1943 (32).

On 08 Oct 1892 Ralph Heneage Dutton 1821-1892 (71) died. He was buried at Timsbury. On 27 Feb 1895 Isabella Mansfield 1824-1895 (70) died. Memorials in Church of Saint Mary Magdalene, Sherborne to Ralph Heneage Dutton 1821-1892 (71) and Isabella Mansfield 1824-1895 (67).

On 08 Oct 1892 Ralph Heneage Dutton 1821-1892 (71) died. He was buried at Timsbury. On 27 Feb 1895 Isabella Mansfield 1824-1895 (70) died. Memorials in Church of Saint Mary Magdalene, Sherborne to Ralph Heneage Dutton 1821-1892 (71) and Isabella Mansfield 1824-1895 (67).

On 27 Feb 1921 George II King Hellenes 1890-1947 (30) and Elisabeth Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Queen Consort Greece, Queen Consort Hellenes 1894-1956 (26) were married (he was her Second-Cousin) at Bucharest.. She a Great Granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom 1819-1901.