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Biography of Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495

CONTENT

1437 Death of Dowager Queen Consort Catherine of Valois

1453 Knighting at Greenwich

1461 Battle of Mortimer's Cross

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1485 Battle of Bosworth

1486 Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

1487 Battle of Stoke Field

1495 Death of Jasper Tudor Duke Bedford


Family Trees

Descent

Ancestry

Around Nov 1431 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 was born to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (31) and Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (30) at Bishop's Hatfield, Hertfordshire .

Death of Dowager Queen Consort Catherine of Valois

On 03 Jan 1437 Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 (35) died . She had been married aged eighteen to Henry V King England 1386-1422 for two years three months. Their son was Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 (15) .
After Henry V died she disappears somewhat from the records other than for Parliament to legislate against her marrying without permission, which she then duly did, to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (37) , and have two sons, the elder of which was father Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (-21) .

On 25 Nov 1452 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (21) was created 1st Earl Pembroke (7C 1452) .

Knighting at Greenwich

On 05 Jan 1453 brothers John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 (22) and Thomas Neville 1430-1460 (22) , William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke 1423-1469 (30) , brothers Edmund Tudor 1st Earl Richmond 1430-1456 (22) and Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (21) and Roger Lewkenor were knighted by King Henry VI (31) at Greenwich, Kent

After 21 Apr 1509 Thomas Wriothesley Garter King of Arms -1534 (21) made a drawing of the death of Henry VII (he wasn't present). The drawing shows those present and in some cases provides their arms by which they can be identified. From top left clockwise:
Richard Foxe Bishop 1448-1528 (61)
Two tonsured clerics
George Hastings 1st Earl Huntingdon 1487-1544 (22)
Richard Weston of Sutton Place 1465-1541 (44)
Richard Clement of Ingham Mote 1482-1538 (27)
Matthew Baker Governor Jersey -1513
John Sharpe of Coggleshall in Essex -1518
Physician holding urine bottle
William Tyler
Hugh Denys
William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) closing the King's eyes.There is doubt as to whether the person shown is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) given his age of around nineteen at the King's death. He appears to be holding a Staff of Office although sources state he wasn't appointed Gentleman Usher, in which role he would have a Staff of Office, until Henry VIII's Coronation in Jun 1509.
The Arms below him are Quarterly 1 Lozengy argent & gules (FitzWilliam); 2 Arms of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 3 Quartered 1 possibly Plantagent with white border ie Holland 2 and 3 Tibetot, 4 Unknown, overall a star for difference indicating third son. William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was his father's third son, and his mother was Lucy Neville 1468-1534 (41) daughter of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu 1431-1471 . It appears correct that the person represented is William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) . William Fitzwilliam 1st Earl Southampton 1490-1542 (19) was the childhood companion of Henry VIII (17) .
Physician holding urine bottle

Around 1459 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (27) was appointed 180th Knight Garter: Henry VI .

Battle of Mortimer's Cross

On 02 Feb 1461 at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross at Wigmore, Herefordshire the future Edward IV King England 1442-1483 (18) commanded the Yorkist forces including William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings 1431-1483 (30) , John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock 1400-1471 (61) , John Tuchet 6th Baron Audley Heighley, 3rd Baron Tuchet 1426-1490 (35) , John Savage 1444-1492 and Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51) .In the Lancastrian army Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) (captured by Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (51) ) and his son Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (29) fought as well as James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire, 5th Earl Ormonde 1420-1461 (40) . Gruffydd ap Nicholas Deheubarth 1393-1461 (68) was killed .
Following the battle Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (61) was beheaded in the Market Place, Hereford, Herefordshire . He was buried thereafter in Greyfriars Church, Hereford, Herefordshire in a tomb paid for by his son David Owen 1459-1535 (2)

On May 1471 Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 was captured by Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (39)

Battle of Bosworth

On 22 Aug 1485 Richard III King England 1452-1485 (32) was killed during the Battle of Bosworth . His second-cousin once-removed Henry Tudor (28) succeeded as VII King England and Ireland: Tudor .
Those supporting Henry Tudor included:
John Blount 3rd Baron Mountjoy 1450-1485 (35)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (43)
Richard Guildford 1450-1506 (35)
Walter Hungerford 1464-1516 (20)
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50)
John Wingfield -1509
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509
Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth 1449-1525 (36)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53)
William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont 1438-1507 (47)
Giles Daubeney 1st Baron Daubeney 1451-1508 (34)
William Stanley Lord Chamberlain 1435-1495 (50)
Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley 1433-1495 (52)
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (38)
William Brandon 1456-1485 (29) was killed
James Harrington 1430-1485 (55) was killed
John Howard 1st Duke Norfolk 1425-1485 (60) was killed . His son Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) succeeded as 13th Baron Mowbray (1C 1283) , 14th Baron Segrave (1C 1295) . Elizabeth Tilney Countess Surrey 1444-1497 (40) by marriage Baroness Mowbray (1C 1283) , Baron Segrave (1C 1295) .
John Sacheverell 1400-1485 (85) was killed
Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath -1486 ,
William Norreys 1441-1507 (44) , Gilbert Talbot 1452-1517 (33) , John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (42) and John Savage 1444-1492 commanded,
Robert Poyntz 1450-1520 (35) was knighted.
Those who fought for Richard III included:
John Bourchier 6th Baron Ferrers Groby 1438-1495 (47)
John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire 1411-1490 (74)
Thomas Dacre 2nd Baron Dacre Gilsland 1467-1525 (17)
William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59)
Richard Fitzhugh 6th Baron Fitzhugh 1457-1487 (28)
John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope Bolton 1437-1498 (48)
Thomas Scrope 6th Baron Scrope Masham 1459-1493 (26)
Henry Grey 7th Baron Grey Codnor 1435-1496 (50)
Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent 1416-1490 (68)
Ralph Neville 3rd Earl Westmoreland 1456-1499 (29)
John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23)
Humphrey Stafford 1426-1486 (59)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (17)
Thomas Howard 2nd Duke Norfolk 1443-1524 (42) was wounded.
Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (29) fought and escaped.
John Zouche 7th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1459-1526 (26) was captured.
John Babington 1423-1485 (62) , William Alington 1420-1485 (65) , Robert Mortimer 1442-1485 (43) , Robert Brackenbury -1485 , Richard Ratclyffe 1430-1485 (55) and Richard Bagot 1412-1485 (73) were killed .

Coronation of Henry VII

On 28 Oct 1485 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53) was created 1st Duke Bedford (5C 1485) by his nephew Henry VII (28) for having supported Henry's claim to the throne. Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (27) by marriage Duchess Bedford (5C 1485) .
Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50) was created 1st Earl Derby (3C 1485) .
Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon -1509 was created 1st Earl Devon (3C 1485) .
Reginald Bray 1440-1503 (45) , John Fitzwalter, Thomas Cokesge, Roger Lewkenor, Henry Haydon and John Verney were appointed Knight of the Bath .

On 29 Oct 1485 Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (28) processed from Tower of London, Tower Hill, City of London to Westminster Abbey . Ahead of him marched the heralds and serjeants-at-arms, the Esquire of the Body, the King's Secretary Richard Fox (37) , almoner Christopher Urswick (37) , the mayor of London and the Garter King of Arms (-2) . Also ahead of him were Thomas Stanley 1st Earl Derby 1435-1504 (50) , John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (23) , John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (43) and William Berkeley 1st Marquess Berkeley 1426-1492 (59) . Following behind were the only two Dukes: Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (53) , created the day before, and John Pole 2nd Duke Suffolk 1442-1492 (43) .

On 07 Nov 1485 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (54) and Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (27) were married . Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (27) by marriage Countess Pembroke (7C 1452) .

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

Vatican Regesta Vol. DCLXXXV Secretarum Tomus IV 2 Innocent VIII . 10 Kal. Aug . Decree, at the petition of king Henry (29) and queen Elizabeth (20) , that a notarial copy of the process before James, bishop of Imola (7) , apostolic nuncio with the power of a legate de latere , in regard to the dispensation granted by him to them to contract marriage, notwithstanding the impediment arising from their being related in the double fourth degree of kindred, shall have the same credence as the original letters of the said bishop (7) . The Pope (54) exemplifies the said letters and process as follows:
Public instrument, setting forth that in the year of the Incarnation 1486 , after the computation of the English church, the 4th indiction, anno 2 Innocent VIII [ 16 Jan 1486 ], in the chapel of St. Mary [the Virgin] on the east side of the cathedral church of St. Paul, London , before James, bishop of Imola (7) , apostolic legate to England and Scotland, in presence of the below-written notaries public, appointed by the said bishop as scribes in the below-written matter of dispensation, and witnesses below-named, there appeared in person Master Robert Morton (51) , Archdeacon of Winchester, and John de Giglis , I.U.D., as proctors of king Henry (29) , and Richard Hill , dean of the chapel of the household of the said king, and David William , doctor of decrees, dean of St. Mary's Arches, London, as proctors of the lady Elizabeth (20) , eldest daughter of the late king Edward IV , who produced their mandates of procuration and presented to the said legate a schedule of petition on behalf of the said king and lady, praying him to dispense them to marry, notwithstanding the impediment of their relationship in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred, as was specified by the said Master Robert Morton (51) .
The said instrument exemplifies the said procurations and schedule, as follows:
(i) A public instrument, setting forth that in the year of the Incarnation, etc., 1486, the 4th indiction, anno 2 Innocent VIII, January 14 , in a certain great chamber within the palace royal at Westminster, before Thomas, archbishop of York (62) and legate of the apostolic see, John, bishop of Worcester (56) , chancellor of England, and Jasper duke of Bedford (54) , and many other nobles and magnates, in the presence of me, Richard Spencer , notary public below-written, the said king (29) , present in person, appointed Masters John de Giglis , I.U.D., and Robert Morton (51) , master or keeper of the rolls of the chancery of the said king, as his proctors to appear before the said bishop and legate (who, as is said, has faculty from the apostolic see to dispense a certain number of persons related in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred and affinity to contract marriage), and to request him to exhibit, etc., the said letters, and execute them in accordance with the desire of the said king, etc. Of all which things, done on the above date and in the above place, in the presence of the above-named witnesses and of Richard Spencer , clerk, of the diocese of Lincoln, notary public by apostolic and imperial authorities, registrar-principal of the court of Canterbury, and keeper of the registers of the same court, the said notary has made the present public instrument, and, being otherwise engaged, has caused it to be written by another, and has published and drawn it up in this public form, and has signed it with his wonted sign and name;

(ii) A like public instrument, setting forth that on the same date as in the preceding, and in a certain chamber within the royal palace of Westminster, before John, bishop of Worcester, chancellor of England (56) , John lord de Wellys (36) , Master William Smyth, dean of the chapel royal of Wymbourn in the diocese of Salisbury, and other witnesses, in the presence of the above notary, Richard Spencer , the above lady Elizabeth (20) , present in person, appointed Masters Richard Hill , dean of the chapel of the king's household, and David William , doctor of decrees, dean of St. Mary's Arches, London, and commissary-general of the official of the court of Canterbury and president of the said court, in the absence of the said official, as her proctors to appear, etc., as in the preceding. Of all which things, done on the above date and in the above place, in the presence of the abovenamed witnesses and of … Richard Spencer, clerk, etc., as above, the said notary has made, written, subscribed, published, and drawn up in this public form the present public instrument, and has signed it with his wonted sign and name;

(iii) The petition to James, bishop of Imola (7) , apostolic legate to England and Scotland, on behalf of the most serene prince and lord, the lord Henry (29) , by the grace of God king of England and France and lord of Ireland, of the one part, and of the most illustrious (clarissime) lady, the lady Elizabeth (20) , eldest legitimate and natural daughter of the late Edward, sometime king of England and France and lord of Ireland, of the other part, setting forth that whereas the said king Henry has by God's providence won his realm of England, and is in peaceful possession thereof, and has been asked by all the lords of his realm, both spiritual and temporal, and also by the general council of the said realm, called Parliament, to take the said lady Elizabeth to wife, he, wishing to accede to the just petitions of his subjects, desires to take the said lady to wife, but cannot do so without dispensation, inasmuch as they are related in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred, wherefore petition is made on their behalf to the said legate to grant them dispensation by his apostolic authority to contract marriage and remain therein, notwithstanding the said impediment of kindred, and to decree the offspring to be born thereof legitimate.

Battle of Stoke Field

On 16 Jun 1487 a Lancastrian army defeated a Yorkist army at the Battle of Stoke Field ; considered by many to be the last battle of the Wars of the Roses.
The Lancastrian army of Henry Tudor comprised:
John Vere 13th Earl Oxford 1442-1513 (44)
Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (55)
George Talbot 4th Earl Shrewsbury, 4th Earl Waterford 1468-1538 (19)
Henry Willoughby 1451-1528 (36)
John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne 1442-1499 (45)
John Mordaunt 1455-1504 (31)
Richard Neville 2nd Baron Latimer Snape 1468-1530 (19)
William Norreys 1441-1507 (46)
Edward Norreys 1464-1487 (23) wounded
John Paston 1444-1504 (43)
George Stanley 9th Baron Strange Knockin, 5th Baron Mohun Dunster 1460-1504 (27)
Edward Woodville Lord Scales -1488
Thomas Lovell 1478-1524 (8) , knighted.
Henry Marney 1st Baron Marney 1447-1523 (40) .
The Yorksists John Pole 1st Earl Lincoln 1462-1487 (25) ,Thomas Fitzgerald 1458-1487 (29) and Martin Schwartz -1487 were killed . Lambert Simnel 1477- fought and was captured. Francis Lovell 1st Viscount Lovell 1456-1488 (31) fought and escaped.

Death of Jasper Tudor Duke Bedford

On 21 Dec 1495 Jasper Tudor 1st Duke Bedford 1431-1495 (64) died at Thornbury Manor without legitimate issue. He had been half-brother to Henry VI King England, II King France 1421-1471 and uncle to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509 (38) for whom he fought at the Battle of Bosworth and Battle of Stoke Field . He had lived in Brittany and France during the years when the House of York occupied the throne. He enjoyed the last ten years of his life as Duke Bedford. He had married Catherine Woodville (37) in November 1485, after the Battle of Bosworth. A somewhat curious choice she being the sister of the former queen Elizabeth Woodville . His name, Jasper, an enigma. It apparently means "Keeper of the Treasure" - it isn't clear what treasure is being referred to although there is speculation as to whether his and his brother Edmund's father was Owen Tudor 1400-1461 .

On 18 May 1497 Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham, Duchess Bedford 1458-1497 (39) died

Family Trees

Paternal Family Tree: Tudor

Descent

Kings Wessex: Great x 17 Grand Son of Aethelwulf King Wessex -858

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 8 Grand Son of Gruffudd ap Cynan King Gwynedd 1055-1137

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 13 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg, King Deheubarth 880-950

Kings Powys: Great x 8 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys 1047-1132

Kings England: Great x 5 Grand Son of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Son of David I King Scotland 1084-1153

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks 1120-1180

Kings France: Grand Son of Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422

Ancestry

Father: Owen Tudor 1400-1461 Great x 4 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


GrandFather: Maredudd Tudor 1360-1406 Great x 3 Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great GrandFather: Tudur ap Goronwy Tudor -1367


Great x 2 GrandFather: Goronwy ap Tudur Hen Tudor -1331


Great x 3 GrandFather: Tudur "Hen aka Elder" Tudor 1268-1311


Great x 2 GrandMother: Gwerfyl verch Madog Hendwr 1285-


Great x 3 GrandFather: Madog ab Iorwerth Hendwr 1260-1321


Great GrandMother: Marged verch Thomas -1340 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 2 GrandFather: Thomas ap Llywelyn 1299-1343 Great Grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Great x 3 GrandFather: Llewelyn ap Owen 1270-1309


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Bar -1332 Granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307


Mother: Catherine of Valois Queen Consort England 1401-1437 Great x 5 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


GrandFather: Charles "Beloved, Mad" VI King France 1368-1422 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great GrandFather: Charles V King France 1338-1380 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandFather: John "The Good" II King France 1319-1364 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Philip "Fortunate" VI King France 1293-1350 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Joan "Lame" Burgundy Queen Consort France 1293-1349 Great x 3 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandMother: Bonne Luxembourg Queen Consort France 1315-1349 Great x 7 Granddaughter of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087


Great x 3 GrandFather: John I King Bohemia 1296-1346 Great x 6 Grandson of William "Conqueror" I King England 1028-1087


Great x 3 GrandMother: Elizabeth Přemyslid Queen Bohemia 1292-1330


Great GrandMother: Joanna Bourbon Queen Consort France 1338-1378 Great x 3 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 2 GrandFather: Peter Bourbon Duke Bourbon 1311-1356 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1279-1341 Great x 3 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Mary Hainault Duchess Bourbon 1280-1354 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Stephen I King England 1094-1154


Great x 2 GrandMother: Isabella Valois Duchess Bourbon 1313-1383 Great x 2 Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


Great x 3 GrandFather: Charles Valois I Count Valois 1270-1325 Great x 3 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Mahaut Chatillon Count Valois 1293-1358 Great Granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272


GrandMother: Isabeau Wittelsbach Queen Consort France 1370-1435 Great x 6 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great GrandFather: Stephen "Magnificient, Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria 1337-1413 Great x 5 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 2 GrandFather: Stephen Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria 1319-1375 Great x 4 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Louis Wittelsbach IV Holy Roman Emperor 1282-1347 Great x 3 Grandson of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandMother: Beatrix Świdnica Holy Roman Empress


Great x 2 GrandMother: Elisabeth Barcelona Duchess Bavaria 1310-1349 Great x 4 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great x 3 GrandFather: Frederick III King Sicily 1272-1337


Great x 3 GrandMother: Eleanor Capet Great x 3 Granddaughter of Henry "Curtmantle" II King England 1133-1189


Great GrandMother: Taddea Visconti Duchess Bavaria 1351-1381


Great x 2 GrandFather: Bernabò Visconti 1323-1385


Great x 3 GrandFather: Stephano Visconti 1287-1327


Great x 3 GrandMother: Valentina Doria


Great x 2 GrandMother: Beatrice Scala